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THE neceffity of Geography to historical, political

,

and commercial knowledge, has been proved too often to be proved again. The curiosity of this nation is fufficiently awakened, and no books are more eagerly received than those which enlarge or facilitate an acquaintance with diftant countries.

But as the face of the world changes in time by the migration of nations, the ravages of conquest, the decay of one empire, and the erection of another; as new inhabitants have new languages, and new languages give new names; the maps or descriptions of a later age are not easily applied to the narrations of a former : those that read the Ancients must study the ancient geography, pr wander in the dark, without distinct views or certain knowledge.

Yet though the Ancients are read among us, both in the original languages and in translations, more perhaps than in any other country, we have hitherto had very little afGistance in ancient Geography. The treatise of Dr. Wells is too general for use, and the Classical Geographical Dic. tionary, which commonly passes under the name of Eachard, is little more than a catalogue of naked names.

A more ample account of the old world is apparently wanting to English li:erature, and no form seemned equaliy commodious with that of an alphabetical series. In effect, however systematically any book of General Geography may be written, it is seldom used otherwise than as a Dictionary. The student wanting some knowledge of a

new

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new place, seeks the name in the index, and then by a second labour finds that in a System which he would have found in a Dictionary by the first.

As Dictionaries are commodious, they are likewise fallacious : he whole works exhibit an apparent connexion and regular subordination cannot easily conceal his ignorance, or favour his idleness ; the completeness of one part will fhow the deficiency of another: but the writer of a Dictionary may silently omit what he does not know; and his ignorance, if it happens to be discovered, Nips away from censure under the name of forgetfulnefs.

This artifice of Lexicography I hope I shall not often be found to have used. I have not only

I have not only digested former Dictionaries into my alphabet, but have consulted the ancient Geographers, without neglecting other authors. I have in fome degree enlightened ancient by modern Geography, having given the situation of places from later observation. Names are often changing, but place is always the same, and to know it exactly is always of importance: there is no use of erring with the ancients, whose knowledge of the globe was very imperfect; I have therefore used ancient names and modern calculations. The longitude is reckoned from London to the eart and west.

A work like this has long been wanted: I would willingly Aatter myself that the want is now supplied ; and that the English student will for the future more easily un. derstand the narratives of ancient historians, the reasonings of ancient statesmen, and the descriptions of ancient poets,

A

CLASSICAL GEOGRAPHICAL

DI CT I O N AR Y,

A

AB.

A B ARASSUS, a town of Pisidia,in | ABÆĄ. See ABEA. the Hither Aha, Artemidorus, ABÆORTÆ, Pliny; a people dwelling

quoted by Strabo; thought to on the river Indus. be the Ariaffus of Ptolemy. ABALA, a town of the Troglodytä on AASAR, a town of Palestine, in the the Red Sea, Pliny. Hence Abali

tribe of Juda; a hamlet in Jerome's tes or Avalites, a bay of that fea. time, fituate between Azotus and Also a port in the south of Italy, Ascalon.

Appian. ABA, Abas or Abus, Pliny; Abos, Stra: ABALLABA, now Appleby, a town in

bo; a mountain of Armenia the Westmoreland, remarkable only for Greater, situate between the moun its antiquity, having been a Roman tains Niphates and Nibarus; from ftation, Notitia Imperii. W. Long. Abos, according to Strabo, rose the 1° 4' Lat. 55° 38'. Araxes and Euphrates, the former ABALITES. See AVALITES. running westward, the latter eaft- ABALUS, supposed by the ancients to ward.

be an island of the German ocean, ABA. See ABÆ.

called by Timæus, Basilio,' and ABACANA, a town of the Medes, Pto.

by Xenophon Lampsacenus, Baltia; lemy. Another of Caria, in the Hi. now the peninsula of Scandinavia. ther Aga, Pliny.

Here, 'according to Pliny, fome AJACÆNUM, Diodor. Siculus, Ste. imagined - amber drope from the

phanus ; Abacana, orum, Ptolemy, trees, a town of Sicily, whole ruins are ABANA, (Bible)otherwise Amana, a risupposed to be those lying near Tri ver of Phænicia, which rising from pi, a citadel on a high and steep mountHermon,walhes the south and mountain, not far from Mellana. west sides of Damascus, and falls into The inbabitants were called Aba the Phænician sea, to the north of Cerini, Stephanus

Tripolis, called Chrysorrhoas by the ABÆ Or Aba, a town of Phocis in Greeks.

Greece, near Helicon ; famous for | ABANTA, a town near mount Parnaran oracle of Apollo, older than that fus, where stood a temple of Apol. at Delphi, and for a rich temple, lo, Phavorinus. plundered and burnt by the Per. | ABANTIAS, or Abantis, a name of the fans, Strabo.

island Eubea, in the Egean sea, exB

tending

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