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Gardens, and other places in this neigh is now visible in the south-east window bourhood, formerly the resort of the gay of Lambeth church; some have thought and the vicious, are now scarcely re- it intended to represent Tobit and his membered ; and the Philanthropic Re- dog; others think it designed for Dose form-The Free Mason's Charity School Smith, who died 1627. In the yeall

The Magdalen-The School for the 1503, this land let for two shillings per Indigent Blind The Surrey Institution annum; and some years since it was let

The intended Hospital for Lunatics for the yearly rent of one hundred The Asylum for Female Orphans--The pounds, the lessee paying a fine of eight School for the Deaf and Dumb And hundred pounds. the Widow's Alms.houses, near Hang- The gallery of artificial stone bas been man's Acre; may now be reckoned among lately neglected, though the Polyphemus, the more useful and recent erections, and other fine perforinances there, were The Alms-houses bave been, within much admired: at the manufactory, the these few days, opered for the use of ingenious Mr. Dubbin and Mr. Penzetta twenty-four aged widows, and a discourse are employed as modellers. They have delivered on ihe occasion to near three been for some time at work on the Duke thousand persons, by the Rev. Rowland of Northumberland's intended present Hill, in the open air.

to the Prince Regent of Portugal, deAmong the recent alterations in Lam- signed as a superb gateway to his palace, berh, may be mentioned the enclosures, at the Brazils; as well as on the grand and the new workhouse on Norwood performance now exbibiting there, inCommon; which has given much dissa- tended for the chapel of Greenwich Hose tisfaction to many of the householders, as pital, to commemorate the gallant Nela partaking too much of tbe “parish job." son. In this inonuinent he is represented The building, which cost the parishioners espiring in the arms of Britannia, who 9,1421. 183. 5 d. has been publicly de- receives the tricient which Neptune has clared by an intelligent gentleinan, to be delivered to Fame, &c. not worth half the inoney! The new Among the most remarkable inha. vestry room is only large enough for a bitants of Lambeth, might formerly be comunittee, so that on the public meet- reckoned the persecuting bishop Bonner, ings of this extensive parish, an ad- whose dwelling, &c. I have already dejourmnent to the church is yet sound scribed in the Monthly Mirror for May, necessary. On the site of this new 1806. John Tradescant should also be vestry, stood a house much remarked for mentioned as the first man in this kingthe antiquity of its appearance; and of dom that distinguished himself as a cola which I have a correct drawing.

lector of natural and artificial curiosities : A direct communication bas for some in “ Philos. Transact." tab. 4 and 5, time been made from the Marsh Gate, page 88, are views of his tomb in Lamor Lambeth, to Bermondsey, but it re- beth church-yard. In Lambeth Marshi, quires improvements. The new road, was also the Lyceum of Erasmus King, from the Bricklayer's Arins to Blackwho read lectures and exhibited expe. man-street, is now nearly completed, riments in natural philosophy; once and a thoroughfare from the latter place, coachman to, and alterwards the rival of, near Stone's-end, to the entrance of the the famous Dr. Desaguliers. Audit New Cut, is in contemplation, and would was in Lambeth fields, (as we are told,) be a real improvement; some of the that Dr. Foreman, the astrologer, used roads from the Strand Bridge I have, to hold his conferences with the devil. with other particulars, before described But, to such as are fond of the marvelin your Magazine for November, 1811. Jous, few places on the Surrey side of the

Pedlar's Acre, near Westininster- Thames can have more attractions than bridge, is remarkable on account of che a building at Newington, on which is gallery and manufactory of artificial presumptuously inscribed, “The House of stone, by Coade and Sealey, being on God!" I his place was forinerly a carthat spot; as well as from the tradition penter's shop; and, though Mr. Carthat this land was given to the parish of penter, the present visionary preacher Lambeth by a pedlar, on condition that there, may be said to use other inaterials the portrait of himself and his dog in his trade, it is still called by some should be kept in the church. With regard wags, “ Carpenter's Shop." And it is a to the pedlar's legacy, some doubt is en. singular fact, that bis door-keeper, about tertained of the fact ; the efnyy painted sixteen years ago, used this place as a pn glass, twenty-faus,inches by sixteen, çock-pit. The singular paintings which

are hung round the walls of this conven. shore to the people in distress on board ucle, together with its use in promul. ship. Explained by drawings represente rating the extraordinary doctrines of ing the rodded ball, line, &c. Johanna Sucthcott, have sometimes been 3. Method of expeditiously landing the means of drawing to the spot so many shipwrecked seamen: first, by their own profane scoffers, that the preacher might exertions; secondly, by those in shore. say with the poet,

With the uses and management of the Wherever God erects a house of prayer,

double running rope; 'accoinpanied with The devil always builds a chapel there."

copious directions for putting the whole John Morris FLINDALL.

into practice.--Thus far to the Trinity

IIouse at the time above specified. Lambeth Marsh, June 13, 1812.

In the nionths of April, May, and

Junc, 1810, I sent iny claini to iny reTo the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine, presentatives, to the late minister Mr. 12,

Perceval, to the committee who sat on COME doubts have long since been Mr. Manby's claim, and to the Lords of

advanced in your valuable publica- the Admiralty. The answers were, that Imn, whether Captain Manty was the I hid applied too late; and the latter enignal inventor of the methods he made could not interfere, as parliament had kise of tor saving the lives of shipwrecked granted the preinium to Captain Manby. seained, and for which he received a I also wrote to the governor of the Trinitya preniurn of two thousand pounds, grant llouse, by letter, pust paid, requesting ed by the honorable the liouse of Com. ibe favour to know if my papers were mous, on a motion made by Mr. Cur- still in that office, ji not, who had them! wen, April 12, 1810.

but he did not think proper to answer The time is at last arrived for me to me. make my appeal to a candid public, re. I transmitted the following to Lord lative to this subject. It is well known St. Vincent, when his lourdship was First to many gentleinen high in office in Lord of the Admiralty, for which I reLandin, as well as in the country, that ceived a letter of thanks from his lurite I bare claimed these inventions; the au. slin, dated Admirally, April 21, 1804; thenticity of my being the first and ori- namely: ginal inventor is clear, from the following Method of shooting a grapple from a copy of my claim, which is bumbly sub- vessel near shore to land, over rocks, minted as a proof of iny assertion. clitis, &c. affixed to a running rope; by

The inrentions undermentioned I come the aid of which, seamen or troops might man cated to the governor of Trinity easily ascend, and therehy atrack an House, London, in the month of De. enemy from an unsuspected quarter. cernber, 1799, to obtain a premium then A tihe same time I sent two other in. Sarat to be offered by that house, fur new ventions to Lord St. Vincent, with the wetmusof saring the lives of shipwrecked above, which I beg not to name at preSeamen; and to be, as I imagined, first sent, but have done it fully in my claiins made trial of by them, in order to ascer. Jong since sent to London; but it would lan their merit, if they would more ef- be doing myself injustice were I to omit fectuaily reliere suffering humanity than to declare, that one of the last was a true then in use; namely:

short time after tried, appriver, and 1. Method of shooting a line or rope adopted, by government, and since often atred to a grapple, froin the shore to a put into practice, and deened a great sbsp in distress; and from a vessel in invention. As I directed it to be made, diuress to the shore, or upon a rock or it is made; as I proposed it should b: dit; by the aid of which, shipwrecked prepared, so it is now dine; as I said it meanien might, with a double or running would ac', so it has acted; and performs Dipe, expeditiously get to land, and over the very operations which I recominende che, witimut any assistance from the ed it für!' An officer has rereived the share, when that cannot be procured. merit and reward of this also! My re. Explained by drawings representing the ward has been a letter of thanks, consirapple, its sliding ring, and double rope. derable expence, and much pains.

2. Method of shooting a line from a This is stilling genius in its birth; if mutket or fowling-piece, from a vessel in one person is to invent, and others have Bestress to the shore; and also, by the the honor and the rewards thereof: 10 Sampe method, to shoot a line from the what era are we now arrived? How.

ever, ever, I do not despair but that some vir. The same processes apply to wines tuous feeling characters will yet take my whether foreign or domestic; and it is case into consideration,

easy to see the real reason why a voyage C. HUMPHRIES. to the West Indies is calculated to make Moreton Hampsteud, near Exeter, wines (good-bodied ones of course) beta June 29, 1812.

ter: the fermentation or decomposition

of the saccharine matter being more comTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. pletely effected by a farther addition of SIR,

heat; and which the hold of a ship, and I BEG leave to return your correspon. the temperature of the West Indies, seem Ident, W. F. page 435 of your last well calculared to produce. volume, my thanks for the very band. From this view of the subject, it ap. some inanner in which he has expresse pears that the processes of W. F. are ed himself, in controverting some of my calculated " to prevent fermentation," as positions concerning the management he says; to obstruct the process for the of cider. I trust to his candor while I formation of alcohol, so that such cider explain in what respect I differ from 'must be continually liable to go into hiin: I am not desirous of retaining the that decomposition, unless kept in an saccharine principle in the cider longer unusually cold place, a small addition of than till it be pressed from the apple and heat being almost at any time sufficient put into casks, well knowing that no to begin it; for, except at or below the gider can be strony which has not fer freezing point or very near it, cider, if mented. By strong, I mean, of course, left to itself, will ferment in the winter that which contains a large quantity of temperature of Somersetshire. It is just alcohol. I am aware that it is a prac- such cider as this which is, I presuine, tice in some cider districts to adopt such found frequently in London in botlles, methods as are porsued by your corre, and which, when the cork is drawn, rises spondent, and, no doubt, tor the purpose with much froth out of the boule, from of a lady's cider, i. e, a sweet and weak the incipient fermentation; but such ci, liquor, those methods are the proper der is, I should suppose, very likely to ones for obtaining it; but in this part of disagree with many stomachs, and to the county such processes are not com- afflict the bowels with spasm, as newly. monly practised; and, strange as it may pressed cider is commonly known to do. appear to W.F. I assure him that the I have explained thus far, although I farmers here rack their cider very com- did not suppose, when I last wrote on the monly after it is fermented,-a very in- subject, that such explanation was nejudicious proceeding truly, but not the cessary; for want of wbich, it seems, I only one for wliich many farmers are to have been misunderstood. be blamed.

W. F. and I are perfectly agreed on W. F, will, I am sure, excuse me if I the necessity of the complete maturity remark that, although his explanation of of the apple Lefore its juice is expressed his processes for preserving the sweets. in for cider; and I hope he will do me the cider be sufficiently explicit, yet it ap- justice to believe that, in these remarks, pears to me that he has not had in his I have but one object in view, namely, view the chemical decomposition which the pursuit of cruth. I apprehend it is all saccharine juices, at a given lempe. very easy to differ, and still agree; ame. rature and liquidity, are naturally die. nity in disputation is at all tiines desira. posed to undergo, which chemical de. ble--would that it were at all times to be composition we usually call fermentution. found, .

JAMES JENNINGS. At such process the liquor is in contie. Huntspill, June 26, 1812. nual agitation; a quantity of alcohol, P.S. On acetic acid, p. 425. I have as proportioned to the quantity of sugar in yet seen no reason to alter my opinion. If the liquor, is of course formed in cider your correspondent could not obtain the acid usually about one twelfin); and at the by my description of the process, he bas, saule time a large portion of carbonic perhaps, failed from not attending to two or acid gas is disengaged, which escapes, in

three things which are esscocial pre-requi.

thre minute bubbles, from the surface of the

files. To obtain genuire vinegar-to use con

centrated sulphuric acid about the specific liquor, producing the noise usually termed by the farmers singing; and, as long as

gravity of W8109 at least, or the acetate of

lime might not be sufficiently dry. How. any sugar remains without decomposition, ever it is my intention to go through, at iny the liquor will retain a degree of sweet- first leisure, a new series of processes on this ness in the ratio of a quantum of sugar. sabject; and should I discover any errors in my former results, they shall be communis expressed in these notations involving cated through the channel of the Monthly large intervals and negative signs, Magazine.

Now, instead of assuming three large In addition to what I have said above, con- and well-known intervals for my nóta. cerning the disengagement of carbonic acid rion ne,

tion, as all previous writers on the subgas from cider in the state of fermentation, I would say that there seems to be, besides

ject had done, I made an industrious carbonic acid, a portion of some sulphurated

search into the manuscripts of the late gas, with the exact properties of which I am

Marmaduke Overend, Dr. Boyce, and not acquainted; but I believe this gas is

others, now in the library of the Royal emitted in the earlier stages of the proccss

Institution, for the three smallest interprincipally, if not entirely.

vals which their authors had discovered,

as the results of continued compoundTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ings and subtractings of the well knowa SIR,

intervals; and these, schisma, lesser fracV OUR Correspondent Mr. J. Brit. tions, and most minute, the last being

1 schmeister, who, at page 408 of less than the 1-1400th part of a your last Volume, inquires respecting comma, or 1---78118th part of an octhe manner of converting musical ratios tave, I adopted as the terms of my nointo the notation by E, f, and m, which I tation, for avoiding negative signs, and some years ago introduced for the pur- for producing an increasing series in all poses of musical calculations, through the terms expressing an increasing series the medium of the Philosophical Maga. of intervals. zine, mis doubtless aware, not only of Not to lengthen this letter unnecessathe unnatural, but difficult, process, in rily, I beg to subjoin part of a table, most practicable instances, of adding which, but for the extraordinary conduct musical intervals (when expressed by of Dr. Abraham Rees, would long ago ratios of the lengths of their sounding have been before the public, instead of strings) by multiplying the terms of being returned to my drawer, viz. their ratios, and of subiracting them

Nos I F . m. by dividing their terms, &c. He can scarcely also have failed to observe, that, though logarithins represent musical, in

612. common with all other, rutios, yet that,

970. correctly speaking, they do so only when

11224. an indefinitely great number of places

1421. of figures are used, the least or the greatest

1582. musical intervals, those having the most

1718.052904 simple ratios (as !), having just as long a


159 gound and complicated a common loga.



10 | 2033. rithm as the largest, most incommensu.


11 2117.251706 183 rate, or coinplicated, ratio: besides their


190 increasing when the intervals decrease.

13 | 226+ 581070 He is probably also aware, (as I have

14 2330.052904

202 elsewhere shewn,) that, if any three in.


47 207 dependent diatonic intervals are ase


48 ! 212 sumed, all other diatonic intervals whate ever may be correctly expressed in

From whence the value of any of the tering of these, by addition and subtrac-simple diatonic intervals will be hard, by tion only; as the octave, fifth, and simply subtracting the numbers answer. third, or viii, v. and jii., for instance; ing to the terms of the ratios; thus, or, what most writers on harmonics have 3 = 970 19 8+ used, the major and ininor tone and 2 012 12 33 hemitone, or T, 1, and H; but in the 358 7 31, or 358 +714 31 m, use of which notations, it is plain, that is the expression of the major fifth; in all intervals smaller than the least in which the middle term shews that it the notation, as well as many larger consists of 7 half notes, or twelfths of ones, can only be expressed by the use the octave, as they are vulgarly ac. of negative signs, which in addition and counted: it also indicates that it is nearer subtraction are perplexing to all but to 31 finty-third parts of an octave, or mathematicians; and to whom even a approaches still inucb nearer to 358 calculation is often necessary to discover six-bundred and twelfth parts of an which are the largest of iwo intervals octave. The nunibers 7, 11, 13, 14, &c.

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having decimals annexed to the Is, To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazines shew that they are not compatible with

ribie willi SIR, the diatonic intervals, all of which are IT appears, from the documents now expressible by the figures 1, 2, 3, and 5, before the public, that there was als and their inultiples; but the same are understanding berı cen liis Majesty's late useful in calculating and comparing the government and the East India Company, trumpet-notes, &c, thus:

I that the China trade, as carried on by the 1 1718.052904 34 119

latter, shall not be thrown open in the 4 = 1224. 24 106

general commerce of the empire, but that 494.05 2904 10 43 expresses, the the company shall be allowed to retain false major seventh of the trumpet,

the monopoly of this their most important or of a musical string,

and lucrative trade. And, in order to Larger numbers than those found in prepare the public mind for such arrangethe table 'must be separated into their ment, much gratuitous assertion has been component primes, or tabular nuinbers; brought forward by interested individuals thus, for the inajur comuna, 80 - 81,

without a shadow of proof, and argu. we have 8 x 10 9 x 9, and the ex. ments adduced which, if deserving of pressions for 8 and 10 inust be added weiglil, certainly make against the East together, and for 9 und 9, and then

India Company. The subject is a most subtracted, this:

important one, and will, I trust, moet 9 + 9 = 3880 76 356

with the most mature consideration of 8 + 10 = 3869 76 335

parliament. In the view I take of the

subjeci, I cannot but think that, in tend 11 0 1, or 11 L tom.

• years after the doing away of all commerThe converse of these operations, orcial monopoly throughout the various and reducing intervals, given in this notation

extensive shores of the Indian and Pacific to numerical ratios, will be easy, by hclp

Oceans, the country will have abundant of columns 3 and 4 of my original table,

cause to rejoice that its present commer. in plate 5, vol. xxviii, of Mr. Tillochi's

cial distresses bare imperiously called for Philosophical Magazine.

the surrender of a monopoly, which the The important theoretical and practical

ignorance of our ancestors of the true application of minerous intervals, before

sature of commerce, as well as perhaps bitte understood and seldom hearn, that

generally prosperous state of the country is now making by Mr. Liston's Enhur.

since, have entailed on the empire in the minic Organs, exhibiting at Messrs.

essrs. nineteenth century. Flight and Ribson's, in St. Martin's.

The period is now at band when a kune, and exemplified in his “Essay on

part, if not the whole, of the monopoly perfect Intonation," gives this subject a

must be done away. The intellect of alt wore than ordinary degree of interest at classes of the coinmercial world is now the present moment,

busied on the subject, and each in the Jony FAREY, Sen.

consideration of what will redound most Westminster, June 1, 1912.

to its separate interests. Those who P. S. Had you, Mr. Fditor, been able aspire to this hitherto sequestered (for I seven morthis earlier to have found room am authorized to make use of the terin) for the polite "composition" addressed to track of commerce, though multitudinous, se, in page 506 of your last Volune, [ enlightened, and enterprizing, are, unfors should have deemed any notice of the saine tunately for the general cause, dispersed improper; and this delay alone occasions throughout the population of the country, me to request, all whom it may interest, and consequently, though all animated by to read what I have written on musical tem a singleness of object, cannot act with Derament, in sour's and the Philosophical that vigour and effect with which their Magazine, &c. nor shall I descend further,

opponents will. But their cause is the Char: to recommend the careful perusal also of Mr. Liston's " Essay on perfect Intona

cause of the country, and the real nature Non," and the trying and hearing of every

and tendencies of the trade are only to fossile "inversion" on his Enharmonic be explained to insure a majority of the Organ. The suject of temperament is cotes of an enlightened legislature. The interesting and capable of a rigid matbematical East India Company, with their numer. trearment, and in which mode, I shall at all ous and powerful allies, viz. the Bank of . titoes be happy to receive or give information, England, many of the London banks, the

through thic mcdiuin of your instructive corporation of London, and the mera 1 pages.

J. E.
chants carrying on private trade through

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