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RJ, attended with loud claps; and now, in vicinity seemed doomed to destruction. His deed, the tumult began. Those only who the stones that fell been proportionately have witnessed such a sight, can form any beavy to their size, not a living creature idea of the magnificence and variety of the could have escaped without death: these lightning and electric flashes; some forked having undergone a thorough fusion, they zig-zag playing across the perpendicular con were divested of the natural gravity, and fed lumn from the craterm others shooting up- almost as light as pumex, though in some wards from the mouth like rockets of the places as large as a man's head. This dreadmust darzling lustre-others like shells with ful rain of stones and fire lasted upwards of their trailing tuses, flying in different parabolas, an hour, and was again succeeded by cinders with the most vivid scintillations from the from three till six o'clock in the morning. dark sanguine column, which now seemed in Earthquake followed earthquake a! most moflexible, and immovcable by the wind. mentarily, or rather the whole of this part of Shortly after seven P. M. the mighty cal. the island was in a state of continued oscil. dron was seen to simmer, and the ebullition lation; notagitated by shocks, vertical or of lava to break out on the N. W. side. horizontal; but undulated like water shaken 'This, immediately after boiling over the ori in a bowl. fice, and flowing a short way, was opposed by "The break of day, if such it could be called, the acclivity of a higher point of land, over was truly terrific. Darkness was only visible which is was impelled by the immense tide of at eight o'clock, and the birth of May dawnliquified fire that drove it on, forming the ed like the day of judgment : a chaotis figure V in grand illumination. Sometimes, gloom enveloped the mountain, and an impewhen the ebullition slackened, or was insuf. netrable haze hung over the sea, with black ficient to urge it over the obstructing hill, it sluggish clouds of a sulphureous cast. The recoiled back, like a refuent billow from the whole island was covered with favilla, cin. rock, and then again rushed forward impelled ders, scoriæ, and broken masses of volcanie by fresh supplies, and scaling every obstacle, matter. It was not until the afternoon, the carrying rocks and woods together, in its muttering noise of the mountains sunk gracourse down the slope of the mountain, until dually into a solemn yet suspicious silence. it precipitated itself down some rast ravine, Such were the particulars of this sublime and concealed from our sight by the intervening

tremendous scene, from commencement to ridges of Morne Ronde. Vast globular bodies catastrophe. To describe the effect, is, is of fire were seen projected from the fiery fur. possible, a more difficult, and truly most dis. nace, and bursting, fell back into it, or over tressing task. it, on tbe surrounding bushes, which were Though the English excel in many instantly set in Aames. About four hours branches of horticulture, there are others from the lava boiling over the crater, it in which they are outdone by the French. reached the sea, as we could observe from the Our fruit-gardeners, who carry every reflection of the fire and electric flashes at sort of fruit to market, cannot he said to tending it. About half past one, another

have brought any one kind to absolute stream of lava was seen descending to the

perfection. In France whole villages eastward towards Rabacca. The thundering noise of the mountain, and the vibration of

are employed in the culture, each of one sound that had been so formidable hitherto, single kind of fruit. In consequence of now mingled in the sudden monotonous roos thus arrangement, the fruits under the of the rolling lava, became so terrible, that management of individuals, who, for dismay was almost turned into despair. At many generations, have exerted their this time the first earthquake was felt; this energies to this one point, are brought to was followed by showers of cinders, that fell a degree of perfection which can never with tbe hissing noise of bail during two be attained in a garden, where fruits hours.

and vegetables of all sorts must be pro" At three o'clock, a rolling on the roofs of vided by one inan, for a large and oputhe houses indicated a fall of stones, which lent family, or for a weekly market. soon thickened, and at length descended in a

Montreuil, a village near Paris, the

Montre, rain of intermingled fire, that threatened at once the fate of Pompeii, or Herculaneum.

whole population has been maintained The crackling coruscations from the crater

for several generations, by the culture at this period exceeded all that had yet pass.

of PEACHES, their sole occupation. An ed: The eves struck with momentary blind. English tourist tells us, that he had ness, and the ears stunned with a glomeration stored his carriage with peaches, which of sounds. People sought shelter in the cel. he thought excellent; when he arrived lars, under rocks, or any where--for every at Montreuil, the inhabitants, who of. where was nearly the same; and the mise fer their fruit for sale to travellers, told sable negroes flying from their huts, were him that he would, if he tasted one of knocked down, or wounded, and many killed theirs, throw those he had got out of his in the open air. Several houses were set on cbaise, which in fact he did, as soon as fire. The estates situated in the immediate be bad tasted a Montreuil peach. It is at Montreuil alone where the true ma. harm. It is necessary, in dry seasons, nagement of this delicious fruit can be to water fig-trees; the nature of the studied and attained; for it is impossible plant requires to have its root cool, from written precepts to acquire the while its head is exposed to the hottest whole art. The modes of winter and sun If planted against the south wall summer pruning are varied not only ac, of a house, near a spout that brings wa. cording to the differences of soil and ex. ter from the roof, it thrives abundantly. posure, but even according to the state Figs do well also in a paved court; the and constitution of each individual tree. stones keep the ground under them Some of the best of their fruits are never moist and cool, while the surrounding budded, but always reared from the buildings reflect and increase the sun stone; the rest are budded on stocks of rays. a half wild peach, called Peche de Vigre. From Mr. MONTAGU's researches on Peach-trees budded on an almond stock the constitution of sponges, it appears, are larger and more durable than others; that no polype, or vermes of any kind, but they require a deep and light soil, are to be discerned in their cells or and do not fruit so soon. The best al pores; they are, however, decidedly of monds for stock are the red-shelled sort, an animal nature, and possess vitality and some prefer the bitter, but it is without perceptible action or motion ! more difficult to succeed with these than Mr. Montagu has divided the genus Spon. with the soft-shelled almond. Stocks of gia, into five families, viz. branchen, die the apricot, and the prune de St. Jubers, gitated, tubular, compact, or orbicular. produce sınaller trees ihat bear sooner, Only fourteen species were previously but do not last so long, and of course known, but Mr. Montagu has described ansker better in a shallow soil. The no fewer than thirty nine. season of budding depends on the wea. It appears from the eighth annual Re. ther being more or less wet; the end of port of the British and Foreign Bible July, in ordioary years, is proper for the Society, that 35,690 Bibles, and 70,753 plum stock; that for the apricot and the Testaments, were issued last year, besides almond is later; and for the young al- the number circulated abroad by the mond stock the iniddle of September is Society's aid--that within that period the most proper. In order to provide seventy new Auxiliary Societies, includstocks, the fruit stones are sown in bas- ing Branch Societies, were produced in kets, which, when the tree has attained Britain alone, and that the neat income a proper size, are sunk in the ground, of the year was 43,5321. 12s. 5d. and its where it is intended they should grow, expenditure, including its engagements, provided the soil is deep; for shallow 46,5301. 103. 11d. soils the young plant is taken up, and By the Report of the Committee of its larger roots cut off, which forces ic to Agriculture, it appears, that the total throw out lateral roots, and in the event amount of Waste Lands in the United to become a more productive bearer. Kingdom is as follows:--England above Peaches are never eaten in perfection if six millions of acres, Wales two, and suffered to ripen on the tree; they Scotland about fourteer. should be gathered just before they are Salled bacon, and unsalted beef or quite soft, and kept at least twenty-four mutton, and other kinds of animal food, hours. The inhabitants of Agenteuil, near when too long kept, or improperly cured, Paris, derive their chief support from so as to be tainted with putridity, may the culture of FIG-TREES. Near this be perfectly recovered, or rendered quite town are immense plains covered with sweet, by being buried in fresh earth, a these trees, on the sides of hills facing foot deep, for a few days. the south, and in other places sheltered in the awful and tremendous precio from the north and the north-west pices of Hoy, in the unfrequenied Isles winds. In the autumn the earth about of Orkney, some of which are 1400 feet the roots of these trees is stirred and perpendicular from the sea, have kitely dug; as soon as the frost commences, been discovered and taken, the nests of the gardeners bend down the branches four different species of Eagles, which and bury them under six inches of mould, have their aeries in the pinnacles and pro. which is sufficient to preserve them; jecting cliffs that surround the West side but before this is done, the branches of the Island, must be entirely stripped of their leaves.

FRANCE, A fig tree will remain buried in this man. A prize of twelve thousand francs was jer seventy-five or eighıy days without ofered in 1807, by the French Government, to that physician who should pro- der, is ten grains morning and evening, duce the best inemoir on the disease to be diminished as the disorder abates : called the croup; two have shared the and, towards the close, the morning dose prize, being of equal merit, three are only to be given. The mixture of sul. distinguished as extremely honorable to phur and honey to be made at the mos their authors; and a sixth memoir is inent of using. Young children will marked by the proposal of a remedy that suck it off the end of a finger; but it is said by the writer to be a specific in may be given in a spoonful of milk, or this malady, and in the whooping cough, of syrup thioned with water, or as a It is liver of sulphur alcalized, a sulphur bolus: grown children take it best, ja of pot ash, recently prepared and brown- this form. It usually relieves in two isl. It is usually given mixed with honey days: but it must be continued till the (we have known it given with sugar.) cure is completed, and sometimes beThe dose, from the attack of the croup, yond that period, for fear of relapses. to the decided diminution of the disor.


Milh occasional Notices of Important judicial Decisions,

CYAP. XXXIX. "An Act for the tle the compensation to be paid to the Upper

u more effectual regulation of pilots, Book Pilots by the Lower Book Pilots, for and of the pilotage of ships and vessels being allowed to take charge of ships of on the coast of England."-2012 April, greater draught.--Directing rules to be made for 1812.

Cinque Port Pilots. If such rules shall not

be duly made and transmitted, or shall be de. 48 G. iii. c. 104, continued, as far as re- fec'ive, the Privy Council shall order proper lates to rates and penalties incurred.-Provirules to be drawn up and distributed. The sions in Acts relating to pilots number of Cinque Port Pilots shall be inFrom the passing of this Act, the corporation creased.--The increased number of pilots of Trinity House of Deptford shall licence fit shall be kept up; but after a definitive treaty persons as pilots, to conduct all vessels within of peace with France, no vacancy shall be fille certain limits; like powers given to the Lord without permission of the Privy Council.-Pi. Warden of the cinque ports, &c. with certain lots shall qualify themselves to conduct, and exceptions. Certain rates may be demanded shall conduct ships into and out of Ramsgate, by pilots --Pilots to pay annually three gui. Dover, Sandwich, and Margate harbours, on neas to the corporation of the Trinity House penalty for refusal.Rates for such pilotage ef Deptford, on penalty of suspension. No settled, and pilotage may be demanded as soon person shall be licensed as a pilot by the Tri- as the ship is moored.-The Trinity House of nity House, except as specified, nor take Deptford shall appoint sub-commissioners of charge of a ship drawing more than fourteen pilotage to examine persons to act as pilots as feet water, under penalty on himself and the che requisite ports, and, on certificate of their master of the ship.No Cinque Port Pilot being qualified, may grant chem licences.shall cake charge of any ship till be has been Sub-commissioners already appointed shall admitted, under penalty, Pilots of lower continue to act. --The Trinity Houses of Hull class to be allowed, after certain period of and Newcastle may appoint sub-commissioners service, to take charge of ships of greater to examine pilots, &c.--Ships brought int. draught than heretofore in absence of pilots of any port by pilots, may be removed by the higher class.Rates in the Act may be den master, &c. for certain porposes.--Notice of manded by such licensed pilots.--A sufficient appointment of pilots to be fixed up at the number of Cinque Port Pilots shall con- Trinity House, &c. after which no other pilot stantly ply to take charge of ships coming shall act.Pilots suspended or deprived of from the westward; and upon making signals licence, liable to penalty for acting.--Pilots so of fleets from the westward, all pilots shall suspended, &c. may appeal to the Privy prepare to go off, on certain penalties..Mas- Council..Owners or masters of ships shall iers of ships from the westward not having a not be answerable for any loss, nor coosignees Cinque Port Pilot, shali display a signal for prevented from recovering insurance, for want one, and facilitate his getting on board, on of pilots, unless the want shall have arises penaley for neglect. --Cinque Port Pilots may from refusal or neglect of the master. repair on board ships at anchor, within certain Owners not liable for more than the sam distances, not having such pilot on board. lue of the ship and freight.-Act not to Cinque Port Pilots quitling ships before arrival extend to ships belonging to his majesty z

at the place to which bound in the Thames or nor to vessels not exceeding sixty tons. ( Madwar without consent of the master. lia. Owners not to be liable for loss, arising frore

mire persons of remedy by civil action.-Nor pilotage of foreign ships may be recovered. to affect any districts having separate juris. Consignees of foreign ships may retain pilot. diction.o-Nor to prevent the masters, &c. of age. -Penalty on masters of vessels piloted by ships residing at Dover, &c. from piloting any other than a licensed pilot, under certain their own ships in the Thames or Medway. - exceptions. -Penalty for reporting to pilots a Licensed pilots may supersede unlicensed false account of the draught of water of ves. ones; penalty on masters continuing unlie sels, or altering marks on vessels to denote tensed pilots, &c. after a proper pilot shall such, draught.-How controversies respecting have offered to take charge of the ship. the draught of water of vessels shall be setTrinity House of Deptford shall establish tled.-Names of pilots to be inserted in the rates of pilotage, which shall be hung up at, report of ships coming into the port of London, the respective Custom Houses.--Majority of and reported monthly to che Trinity House. pilots or owners of ships, being dissatisfied -Like reports to be made of vessels clearing with the rates, may appeal to the Privy Coun. outwards.-Masters of foreign ships not oil, who may determine the natter.-Trinity giving the name of pilot, shall be deemed to House may make bye laws, and annex penal. have sailed without one, and shall pay pilote ties to breach of them.. ye laws to be sanc- age. List of pilots to be transmitted to the tioned by the Chief Justice of the King's Trinity House and the Commissioners of Bench or Common Pleas. --Copies of proposed Customs. Commissioners of Customs to bye laws to be previously transmitted to the transmit to their principal officers at the se. Privy Council, and to the Commissioners of veral ports in England, the names, &c. of pi. Customs, who shall cause printed copies to be lots residing within the limits of each port. hung up at the Custom Houses. --Copies of All Acts relating to the regulation of pilots bye laws confirmed, to be hung up in the Cus. extended to this Act. Provisions of former tom Houses and the Trinity House.Persons Acts for Preservation of Beacons, shall extend applying for licencies shall execute a bond to all vessels appointed to exhibit lights, &c. for securing obedience to bye laws.-Bye laws, Penalty for riding by, &c, such vessels, or &c. under former Act, to remain valid unless any buoy or beacon. Penalty on pilots for altered by this Act.- Masters of vessels bound not obeying the orders of the dock master of to the Thames repairing to Standgate Creek, the West India Dock Company. List of ves. to pay full charges of pilotage, &c. - Pilots sels employed for pilotage, with the number quitting ships at Standgate Creek before ar- of hands, to be annually transmitted to the rival at the place to which bound, to forfeit receiver of the six-penny duty in the port of pay, and be liable to penalty.-Description of London. How penalties not exceeding twenty pilot to be indorsed on his licence, &c.Pi. pounds may be recoered. --- How penalties lots keeping public houses, &c. (unless au. above twenty pounds may be recovered.--Act thorized) or offending against the revenue not to affect the jurisdiction of the Court of laws, &c. shall be dismissed or suspended. Loadmanage, or of the High Court of Admi. No pilot shall act until his licence has been ralty. Justice of any county into which an registered; nor without having his licence in offender sball escape, may indorse the original bis custody, &c.-On death of a pilot his li- warrant, wiich shall auchorize the peace offi. tence shall be returned to the corporation that cers to execute it, &c. - Applications of pe. granted it.-Corporations authorized to li- Dalties -Witnesses not appearing may be cense vessels for having pilots in attendance committed to the House of Correction-Pere at sea, &c.- Pilot boats shall be fitted, and sons convicted of giving false testimony, the name and number of the principal pilot' guilty of perjury.-- Appeal on convictions to painted thereon, with a distinguishing fag, the Quarter Sessions, who may finally deterunder a penalty for carrying such distinguish. mine the matter, and award costs. Proceeding flag, without having such pilot on board. ings not to be quashed for want of form, or -Penalty on pilots declining to take charge removed by Certiorari. - Limitation of actions. of vessels, or exacting more than the allowed -General issue.-Treble costs.-Act not to fee, &c. -Penalty on pilots for employing, prejudice any right of the City of Loudon.of requiring 'masters to employ, any boat, &c. Public Act. begond what is necessary, thereby to increase Cap. XL. " An Act to make provi. expence. -Penalty for conducting any vessel sion for a limited time respecting certain into danger, or unnecessarily cutting cables, grants of offices."-20ch April, 1812. &c. -Pilot boat running as guide before ves. Until Feb. 28, 1814. no public office shall Sels not having a pilot on board, entitled to be granted in reversion.Grants contrary pilotage. No pilot shall be taken to sea wich- hereto to be void.-Grants of offices in courts out his consent, except in case of necessity, of law exempted under certain limitationis, and then shall receive half a guinea per diem. Not to prohibit the appointment of assistants

Surplus rales of pilotage on ships not ha. and successors to the clergy of Scotland. Ting British registers, shall be paid to receivers, and made a fund for relief of infirit

Cap. XLI. “An Act to amend and

Cap. ALI..? pilots; and an account thereof shall be an. continue until the twenty-fifth day of mually laid before parliament. ---How pilotage March, one thousand eight hundred and skips not foreign may be recovered. How thirteen, an Act of the forty-fifth year of

K 2


his present majesty, for appointing com- keepers and others on quartering sol. missioners to enquire into the public ex. diers.”_2014 April, 1812. penditure, and ihe conduct of the pube M utiny Act, c. 22, reciied. -Non-commisJic business, in the military departments sioned officers and soldiers to allow 8d per therein mentioned ; and another Act, of diem for diet and small beer, in quarters in the fifty-first year of his present majesty, England, and for articles which have been furfor continuing and extending the same to

nished gratis, in lieu thereof one half-penny public works executed by the office of

per diem to be allowed. For horses quartered works and others."— 2011 April, 1812.

1s. 2d. per diem to be paid for hay and straw. The statutes 45 G. 3. c. 47, and 51 G. 3.

so much ot recited act as relates to furnishing

with diet nun-commissioned officers and soldiers c. 19, so far as relates to an enquiry into the

on a march, or recruiting, repealed.--Reguexpenditure and business in the office of

lation with respect to dieting non-commisworks, &c. continued till March 25, 1813.

13. sioned officers and soldiers on their march. Cap. XLII, “An Act for amending Persons paying money to non-commissionedoffi. the laws relating to the allowance of the cers or soldiers on the march, in lieu of furnishbounties on Pilchards exported until the ing diet and small beer, liable to be fined, twenty-fourth day of June, one thousand When halted on a diarch non-commissioned offseight hundred and nineteen.”_20th cers and soldiers entitled to diet and small beer April, 1812

as after arriving at their destination. And if The statutes 38 G. ij. c. 89, 43 G. iii. c.

such halting be only for a day after arrival, 68, and 48 Gji. c. 68, are recited, and the

and that be a market day, their diet and small bounty of 1s. 60 per cask granted by 45 G.

beer not to be discontinued.--Regulations rejii. c. 68, is revived and continued

specting recruiting parties and recruits on their

march.Continuance of Acc.Act may be Cap. XLIII. “ An Act for increasing altered this session. the rates of subsistence to be paid to jon.


15th of June, and the 14th of July, extracted from the London Gazettes. N. B.-In Bankruptcies in and near London, the Alternies are to be understood to reside in London,

and in Country Bankruptcies at the Residence of the Bankrupt, except otherwise expressed.
BANKRUPTCIES. (This Month 23.)

Errington C. Cullercoats Northumberland, rope maker.

1 Bainbridge (The Solicitors' Names are between Parent beses.) Etches J. High Holborn, haberdather. (Tarren

* Fair J. · anchester, warehouseman, (Entwife ALDER D. East India Chambers. merchant. (Clutcon Fields. Hooleigh Park, Regate, dealer and chapman,

Amel G, and Co. Wallington, Surrey, calico printers. (Ciutton (Bourdillon and co.

Fearns R, Twickenham, poulterer. (Hirgler, Kyall Appleton C. mariner. 'Borwell and Co.

Fitch ) King Areet, Golden Iquare, wine merchant. Afpinail 1. Southawram Halifax, York, tone merchant, (Chapman and Co. (Alexander

Fowler J. Portfinouth, merchant. (Winkworth Bayler J. New Romney, Kent, Cofa merchant. (Webb, Gordon A. Wormwood Areet, merchant. (Sherwood Folkestone

and Co. Birtles R. Hirmingham, Warwick, factor (Bird

Godrich W. Daventry, Northampton, wine merchant. Birchall J. Hindley Lancofter, coton spinner (Ellis

Hulyard and Co. Blackburn T. Mouat ftreet, Whitechapie roas, master ma. Goodwin J. J. Abchurch Lane, tavern keeper. (Shere riner. Savage

wood Bourn J. Blackfr ars road. cheeremonger, (Martindale Graddon J. P. Russell Areef, Covent Garden, taylor. Bock W. Liverpoolmercbat, broker. (Blackítock (Plate and cu

Haley J. Plymouth Dock, chisa and glass merchant. Bowers J. Stockport, Choter, cotton Spioner. (Wright,

(Peers Macclesfula

Hayward K. Wa'worth, builder and carpenter (Peers Braham J. Mancheher, broker. (Barnett

Hall c. Cheapfide, haberdasher. (Hindman Browne G. St John Areet Bedford row, fcrivener. 'Hayley P. Plymouth Dock, cabinet naker. (Bone (Sowes and Co.

Bantuck J. Haymarket, thopkeeper. (Ellis Brodhuit I Norfolk ftreet, Strand, merchant. (Lys Henderton J. Charlotte treet, Portland Place, surgeos. Brook S Makon. York, grocer. Obaldetton, London

Rogers Busby W. Duke's arcet, Mancheter square, haberdather Helden J. Leonard square, Finsbury, haberdaract. (Dimes

(lames Carter 1. Charles treet, Northampton square, matter ma Bintom T. Orange Areet, St. Martin's in fields, carpenriner. (Carter

ter. (Pattun Calleu J. Portsea. Southampton, draper. (Cruick

Powell J. lartmouth, Devon, grocer. (Brideman Thank

Holmes T. Warwick, grocer. (Tumes and Cu. Chatterton J. Eccles, Lancaster Tower merchant (Longe Hunter S. Macclesfeld, iron founder. (Norbury dale and Co, London

Iruns T. Bilion, Stafforddhire, woollen draper. (Whateley, Cox M. and CM. Emsworth, Southampton, innkeepers.

irmingham Townsend, ondon

Ifaacs M. Sheeracls, nopreller and silversmith. (Teme Coope G. Preft wich, Lancaster, joiner and builder. (Smith,

pler and Co. Manchetter

Jones T. North Shields, Northumberland, grocer. Collett W. Caerphilly, Glamorganshire, Chopkeeper. (Parker (Meyrick, Merthyr Tydril

Johnfo S. Nottingham, hofier. (Percy Crakanthosp H. Liverpool, Lancader, Dardwareman. Lavender W. Offerron, Chelter, cotton fpinner. (Ldre Prillips

Marth H. Broadway. Weaminfter, victualler. Darby T. New Sarum, Wilts, linen draper. (Jenkins


and Co. and Co.

Mafun J. Liverpool, merchant. Dixon T. Hulme, Lancafer, builder.

(Orred and Co. (Cudwell, Mad. Mark J. Queenhithe, maltractor. (Parrothers and son chefer

Malkin . B. Martin's i ane, Cannun Areet, Sugar refiner. Drug ) Ealing, Middle fex, baker (Bremide, Hothorn

Collins and co.
Dyfon S, Huddersfield. York, spirit merchant. (Rodgers, Moor M. Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, ctiaaman.


and co. It wards J. Regency Place, Blackfriars road, apotbccasy. Mumford C. Stroud, grocer and cheesemonger. (Pearfon


and Co. Wa S, Lousbborough, Leicefer, boses. (Wharte

Newton J Stockpouz, Chefire, groter. (Cheethan


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