Abbildungen der Seite

nets." Among these was Mr. Steevens,* as I read in a Record of one Robero
who played off his artillery against Mr. Nikke, Paternoster-maker and Citizen in
Jennens, both in the Reviews and News. the reigne of Henry the Fourth."
papers. He died November 20, 1773; The Company of Stationers is of great
and was buried on the 27th, in the fa- antiquity. By the authority of the Lord
mily vault at Necher Whitacre, in the Mayor and Court of Aldermen, they
county of Warwick, where his monu were formed into a Guild, or Fraternity,
ment is thus inscribed :

in the year 1403, the fourth year of os Non omnis moriar."

King Henry IV.; and had then ordi« Here lic interred the remains of Charles Jen nances made for the good government of nens, esq. of Gopsal, in the county of Lei

their fellowship. cester, who died November 20, 1773,

Thus constituted, they regularly ase aged 75; the last male heir, in a direct

sembled, under the government of a line, of an antient and most respectable family; a gentleman of sound piety, and

master and two wardens. The first hall strict adherence to the principles and prac

was ju Milk-street; but, notwithstanding tice of the Christian faith. He was learned,

all the endeavours that have been made, ard an admirer of learned men; fond of no privilege or charter has yet been disthe arts, and a great encourager of them covered, under which they acted as a . among the professors; of a liberal nature; corporate body. very charitable in his life time, and in his

EARLY PRINTERS. bequests he shewed the same disposition of Some of the earliest printers, however, benevolence. He was never married; were not freemen of the company; nor haring, therefore, no children of his own, does it appear that any book was printed he endeavoured to become as generala in this kingdom till 1464, when William parent and benefactor to mankind as pos- Caxton (citizen and mercer) opened a sible. By his will, he provided for his re

shop ac the Sun, in Fleet-street. lations, remembered his friends, and dis.

Wynken de Worde, the successor of tributed amply to those charities which are most beneficial to society. For the pro

Caxton, was born in Lorrain. He settled pagation of the Gospel abroad, he be.

first in Westminster, and afterwards int queathed 5001, to six hospitals in London, Fleet-street, in the house which had 5001. each; to two others, each 2007.; to been Caxton's. He was of the brotherthe widows or clergymen in Leicestershire, hood of our lady of Assumption; and was 2001.; for lectures on the Catechism, 10001.; at first a citizen and leather-seller: but to schools round Gopsal, 1000/. ; and 2001, in his last Will, June 5, 1545, he calls to the poor of adjacent townships. And to himself " citizen and stationer;" and dithe parish of Nether Whitacre, he left recis to be buried in St. Bride's church. ample marks of his bounty ; for, having William Faques, printer to King Henry given in his life-time the great tiches, a

VII. in 1504,' lived within St. Helen's. glebe to the curacy, and 1001. towards re

He died in 1511. building the church, lie bequeathed, on his death, to the poor, 1001.; and endowed

Richard Pinson, a native of Nora school for the instruction of their chil- mandy, who was also styled printer to dren. This token of gratitude was placed King Henry VII., lived first at the here, by his nephew and executors, 1775," George, iu St. Clement's parish ; after, THE STATIONERS' COMPANY.

waris near St. Dunstan's, where he died It appears from the most authentic re

before 1529. cords, that the Company of “ Stationers,

Julian Norary, in 1512, lived in St. or Text-writers, who wrote and sold all

Paul's Church-yard, near the West door, sorts of books then in use; namely,

by my Lord of London's Palace, at the A. B. C. with the Pater-nosier, Ave,

sign of the Three Kings. Creede, Grace, &c." to large portions of

Heory Pepitell, citizen and stationer, the Bible, even to the whole Bible itself,

was à bookselier only, at the sign of the dwelt in and about Paternoster-row.

Trinity, in St. Paul's Church-yard; where Heuce we have, in that neighbourhood,

he sold foreign books for merchants and Creed lane, Amen-corner, Ave-Maria

others. He had a wife, Ursula, and chile • Jane, &c. all places named after somne

dren; and a servant, Michael Lublev, a

printer. His carliest book was in 130%. Scripture allusion. “There dwelled also turners of beads,

By bis Will, dated September 11, 1539, and they were called Paternoster-makers;

he was to be buried near the altar of Sc.

Faith's; and he yaye a printed mass* This malignant man was, it seems, book, value five shullings, to the parish of 'allowed to write in the Monthly and other Berinondsey, where he was born. anonymous Reviews, -EDIT.

Joha Skot, in 1521, lives without


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Newgale, in St. Pulcher's parish ; in ' 1534, in St. Paul's Church-yard; and Item, payd for tappes - - 0 0 1 some time in George-alley, Bishopsgate. Item, payd for a pot:ie pęcher 0 0

Thomas Godfray lived at Temple Bar Item, payd for 2 store potts • 0 0 2 in 1510; and printed Chaucer's works

Item, payd for pack thryde - 0 0 1 in 1532. He printed also a treatise,

Item, payd for a hundreth of faggots 0 4 4 written by St. Germain, in the ciine of

Ilem, payd halfe a thousand of bel

- - 0 4 4 King Henry VIII. concerning Constitu. In

• concerning Constitu. Item, payd for 12 sacks of coles 0-7 6 tions Provincial and Legatine.

Item, payd for flowres and bowes 0 1 3 John Rastall, citizen and printer, at Item, payd for garlands - 0 1 0 the Mermaid, against Powl's-gate, died Item, payd for the carver - 0 2 0 in 1596.

Item, payd to the minstrelles 0 10 0 . Robert Copland, stationer, printer, Item, payd to the buttlers bookseller, author, and translator, lived Icem, payd to the coke

1 3 4 at the Rose-garland in Fleet-street in Item, fayd to the under-cokes to 1515; and died about 1547.



Item, payd to the water berer 0 3 10 · The expense of the first public dinner

Item, for 3 porters that carried at Stationers' Hall, in 1557, is also thus

over meate'

0 0 6

Item, payd to the smythe - 0 0 2 preserved :

Item, payd for the hyre of three The charges of our denner as follow.

garnesbe of vessell - Ô 2 O eth; that is to saye,

Item, payd for a hordredth and 24
eggs -

- - 0 4 0 Item, payd for 18 dosyn of breade 0 18 0 Item, payd for 2 strayners

0 0 8 Item, payd for a barrell of stronge ..

The spyse as folowthe: bere

9 0 Item, payd for 21b. and a quarter of Item, payd for a barrel of dubble

pepper - - 0 6 0 bere

- - 0 5 4 Item, payd for a quarte of poonde Item, payd for a stande of ale 0 3 0


- 0 1 4 Item, payd for 20 galons of wyne 1 0 0 Item, payd for 4 pounde of datts 0 4 0 Item, payd for 11 galons of Frenshe

Item, payd for 5 punde of currans 0 1 8 wyne .

. 11 0 Item, payd for 24 pounde of prunys 0 3 8 Vtem, payd for 371h. of beffe 0 4 7

Item, payd for safferon . 0 0 9 Item, payd for 4 loynes of vele 0

4 8

Item, payd for synimon and gynger 0 5 8 Item, payd for a quarter of vele 0 % 0

Item, payd for a pounde of greate Item, payd for 11 neckes of motton 0 6 6 reasons

0 0 Item, payd for 2 loynes of motton 0 2 0 Item, payd for 10lb. of curse suger 0 8 Item, payd for 9 mary-bones

2 4 Item, payd for 81b. of whyte sugar 0 8 0 Item, payd for 25lb. of suette: 0 vety 2 Item, payd for learge mayse 0 1 8 Item, payd for 38 punde of butter 0 9 8 ltem, payd for sipall mayse

0 Item, payd for 2 freshe samons 1 3 % Item, payd for a punde of besketts Item, payd for 4 dosya of chekyns 1 0 1 and carywayes - - 0 Item, payd for 3 bushells 3 peckes

Item, a rewarde for bryngyage of a of flowre - - - 0.17 4' syde of venyson

Item, payd for 20 pounde of cherys ( 3 4 Item, payd for p'scan'ce

Item, payd for p'scan'ce


- O O 8 Item, payd for 20 capans of grayse 9 13 4 Iteni, payd for wafers - 0 5 0 liem, payd for 20 capons to boyle 1 6 8 Item, payd for epycrys 4 galons 1 0 8 Jtem, three capons of gresc 090 Item, payd for 18 gese - 1 4 0

STATIONERS' VALL. Item, payd for 3 gese

6 In or about the year 1611, the ComItem, payd for 3 dosyn of rabbetts 0 10 6 pany thought proper to remove from Item, payd for 6 rabbelts - 0 1 10 their old llall to the situation they now Item, payd for 2 galons of creme 0 2 8 occupy: and on the 11th of Auril in that Item, payd for bakynge of 20 pas.

year, the purchase of Bergavenny llouse tyes of venyson - - 0 1 8

was ordered to be paid for from the Item, payd for bakynge of 16 che

stock of the partners in the privilege. kyn pyes

0 1 4

That house is thus described: Item, payd for saite

0 1 0 Item, payd for venygar

" At the north end of Ave Marg-lane, liem, payd for vergis

0 1 1

is one great house, builded of stone and Item, payd for musterde - 0 0 4 timber, of old time pertaining to John Item, payd for gose buryes . 0 0 20 Duke of Britaine, Earle of Richmond, Item, jayd for a baskett - 0 0 3 as appeatbeth lig the records of Edward Item, payd for 10 dosyn of trenchers ( 1 9 the Second. Since that, it was called Item, thrce dosyn of stone crusys 0 3 0 Pembrooke Inne, ncere unto Ludgate, as


belonging to the Earles of Pembrooke bottom of the page, the margin Heing in the times of Richard the Second, the filled with the Hebrew and Chalilee radia eighteenth yeere, and of Henry the Sist, cals. It was begun in 1502, finished in in the fourteenth yeere. It svas after. 1517, but not published till 1522. A wards called Aburgavenny-house, and be more particular account of it may be longed to Henry late Lord of Aburga- seen in Le Long, in Maittairc, and in vennie. But thie worshipfull Company De Bure; and an essay expressly on the of Stationers have since that purchased subject by Mr. De Missy. it, and made it the llall for the meeting In 1546 appeared, at Constantinople, of their Societie, converting the stone " Pentateuchus Hebræo-Chaldæo-Persia worke into a new faire frame of timber, co-Arabicus," in three columns; the Heand applying it to such serviceable use, brew text in the middle: on the rights as themselves have thought convenient hand the Persic version of R. Jacob hil. for the amending it in some particulars Joseph; and on the left the Chaldee pa. in which it had been found defective." raphrase of Onkelos: at the top is the

ON THE FIRST POLYGLOrts. Arabic paraphrase of Saadias, and at the The first Polyglott work was printed at bottom the cominentary of Rasi. The Genoa, in 1516, by Peter Paul Porrus, whole is printed in Hebrew characters; who undertook to print the Pentaglott with points, the middle column on a Psalter of Augustin Justinian, Bishop of larger size than the others. At the end Neho. It was in Hebrew, Arabic, Chal- of Genesis appears, “ Absolutus est liber daic, and Greek, with the Latin Versions, Geneseos in do:no Eliezeris Berab Gere Glosses, and Scholia, which last made son Soncinatis." the eighth column, in folio. The Arabic In 1547 was published, from the same was the first that ever was printed: and press, “ Pentateuchus Ilebraicus, Hispa. this the first piece of the Bible that ever nicus, & Barbaro-Græcus." This edi. appeared in so many languages.

tion was also printed in three columos: In 1518, John Pocken published the the Hebrew Text in the middle; the old Psalter, in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and Spanish version on the right hand; and, Ei hiopic, Tor Chaldaic, as he, with some on the left, the modern Greek, as used others, called it,) at Cologn: but the by the Caraïtes at Constantinople, who name of the Prinier is no-where to be do not understand Hebrew. The Spafound throughout the book. It has 10 nish is designed for the Refugee Spanish Preface properly so called: but, from an Jews. At the head and bottom of the Address of Porken to the studious render, pages are the Targuin and the Com. which is printed on the last page of the mentary, as in the former editions. Psalter, we are informed, obat, while his The Royal or Spanish Polyglott wag earrest zeal for Christianity, and for the printed at Antwerp, by Christopher Roman See, made him extremely de. Plantinus, 1569-1572, by authoriry of sirous of learning foreign languages, es. Philip II. King of Spain, in Hebrew, pecially what he calls the Chaldee, for Greek, Latin, and Chaldee, under the which he was destitute of any proper direction of Arias Montanus, in eight master; some Ethiopian Fryars hap- volumes, folio; containing, besides the pened to be at Rome (as he expresses it) whole of the Complutensian edition, a peregrinationis causa, to whom he cagerly Chaldee paraphrase on part of the Oid applied; and, that from bis intercourse Testainent, which Cardinal Xinenes had with them, he had acquired such a know- deposited in the theological library at ledge of their language, as to inake bim Complutum, having particular reasons believe he might undertake an edition of for nut publishing it. The New Testas the Ethiopic Psalter; which was aciu- ment had the Syriac version, and the ally published at Ruine nearly five years Latin translation of Santes Pagninus as before the date of his Polyglott perfor. reforined by Arias Montanus. This mance. At ihe end of the above-inene work was also enriched with various tivned address, he promised to perform Grammars and Dictionaries of the several something in the Arabic, if he should languages it consists of. meet with sufficient encouragement. In 1586 a Polyglott Bible was pube

The famous Bible of Cardinal Ximenes, lished at Heidelberg, in two voluines. commonly called the Complutensian, folio; printed in four columns, Il brew, consists of six large folio solumes; having Greek, and two Lalin versions, viz. St. the Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, in three Jerom's and those of Pagninus; with the distinct columns, and the Chaldee para- notes of Vatablus; and in the margin phrase, with a Latin interpretation, at are the idioms, and the radices of all MoxhLY Mag, No. 236.

4 L

the the difficult words. Two other dates' work. But Mr. Palmer mistook the date have been seen in this edition, viz. 1599 of Le Jay's Polyglott (which he makes to and 1616 : but Le Long, after an alien- be 1657), and then formed his conclu. live comparison, declares them to be sion of the sheets being sent into England only different copies of the same im- from Paris; and met with a correspon. pression; but that some of them have dent, it seems that encouraged his error, the Greek Testament, with the addition Le Jay's Polyglott was published, in ten of the Latin version of Arias Montanus. volumes, MDCXLV : the English Polyglott,

In 1596, Jacobus Lucius printed an in six voluines, not till MDCLVII, twelve edition, in Greek, Latin, and Germany years after the other. Under a fine head at Hamburgh, in four volumes, folio, of Dr. Walton, engraved by Lombart, « Suudio Davidis Wolderi;" the Greek and prefixed to his edition of the Pols. from the Venice edition of 1518; the glott, we are told it was begun only in Latin versions those of St. Jeroni and MDCLIII.--It is said indeed that the Pagninus.

English put out proposals for a cheaper In 1599, Elias Hutterus published one and better edition, soon after Le Jay's at Noremberg, in six languages; four of was published, wbich mnight, in some them, the llebrew, Chaldee, Greek, and measure, hinder the sale of it. But other Latin, printed from the Antwerp edition: causes concurred.' The enormous size che filth was the German version of of the book rendered it inconvenient for Luther: and the sixth the Sclavonic ver. use: and the price deterred purchasers. sion of Wittemberg. The Bible was And further, the refusal of Le Jay to never completed, and goes no farther publish it under Richelieu's name, though than the book of Ruth.

ihat Minister, after the example of CarThe next work of this kind was, dinal Ximenes, bad offered to print it at “ Biblia Sacra Polygloita, studio Guy his own expense, damped the sale.-The Michaelis Le Jay. Parisiis, apud Anto- English Polyglott, in return, made but nium Vitray, 1628, & ann, seyg. ad litle way in France. A large-paper 1645," in ten volumes, very large foiio. copy was sold, in 17 28, in the library of This edition, which is extremely magni Colbert, the six volumes bound in fourficent, contains all that is in those of teen. Castell's Lexicon, that went along Ximenes and Plantinus, with the addition with this set, was on a smaller-sized paa of the Syriac and Aralic version.

per. The same copy was again sold to This was soon followed by “ Biblia M. D. Selle, and formed afterwards a Sacra Polvolta, complectentia textus part of the curious collection of the originales, liebraic. Chaldaïc. and Græc. Count De Lauraguais. Pentateuchuin Samaritanum, & Versi.

NEWSPAPERS BEFORE THE RESTORATIOX. enes Antiquas, cum apparatu, appendia cibus & annotationibus; studio & operâ The list here given, by the kiud coBriani Walton, Londini 1057, & ann, operation of any good friend the Rey, segg." in fuur volumes. To which was Samliel Ayscough, (whose attentive in. added, " Lexicon Heptaglotton, Hevestigation has added more than 100 braicum, Chaldaïcum, Syraïcum, Sama- articles) contains a considerable number pitanum, Ethiopicuin, Arabicum, & Per- which had escaped the notice of M. sicum, digestum & evulgatum ab Edmun. Chalmers : and, being continued to a do Castello 1086." in two volumes later period from a valuable collection of more. This may properly be called a newspapers in my own possession, may new edition of Le Jay, with improve- now be considered as tolerably comments; do pains baving been spared in plete. making it as perfect as possible: the The English Mercurie

7583 whole was revised with great care, and Mercurij Gallo-Belgici: sive rerum in accurately corrected; and it is justly Galliâ et Belgio potissimùm : Hispaconsidered as the most useful of all the niâ quoque, Italiâ Anglia, GermaPolyglotts, though Le Jay's is the band. nia, Poluniâ, vicinisque locis, ab somesí. Dr. Walton's edition was sup. anno 1588, ad Martium anni 1594, posed by Mr. Palmer lo have been

gestarum, Nuncii." printed from sheets surreptiviously oh.

Newes from Spain, 12 pages, small 4to. 1611

Newes out of Germany Laited from the press al Paris; and to Good Newes from Florence have been published with improvements Newes from Mamora

1616 so soon after, as to reduce M. Le Jay Newes from Gulick and Cleve

1615 almost to want, after baving expended Newes from Italy

1615 above 50001. sterling to complete bis Vox Populi, or News from Spain 1620


1613 1614






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Courant, or Weekly Newes from Fo Mercurius Rusticus, the first week, reign Parts; a half sheet, in the

May 20 Black letter, 4to. out of High Dutch, : The Parliament's Scout's Discovery, printed for Nach. Butter, Oct. 9

No. 1, June 9-16

1643 The certain Newes of this present A Weekly Account, No. 1, July 3Week, Aug. 23


- 1643 Imperial and Spanish Newes, printed Wednesday's Mercury, No 1, July 19 1643

by Mercurius Britannicus, Feb. 1625-6 Mercurius Bricannicus, No. 1, Aug. The German Intelligencer, half-yearly 1630 16-22 . The Swedish Intelligencer, half-year.

The Scotch Intelligencer; or, the ly, Jan. 9

. 1631 Weekly News from Scotland and The Continuation of the Weekly

the Court, No. 1. Aug. 30-Sept. News, No 49, in 14 pages, printed

1643 for Nath. Butter . 1632 The True Informer, No. 1, Sept. 23The Weekly Account


1643 Diurnal of Occurrences in Parliament, The Scottish Mercury, No. 1, Oct 5 Nov. 3

New Christian Uses upon the Weekly
The English Post

1641 true Passages and Proceedings, &c.
Warranted Tidings from Ireland 1641 No. 1, Oct. 7
Ireland's crue Diurnal, Jan. Il-feb. 3 1611-2 The Scotch Dove, No. 1, Sept. 30-
Occurrences from Ireland, No. 3,

Oct. 20

1643 April 22

1642 The Welch Mercury, No. 1, Oct. 21– A speedy Post, with more News from

28 Hull

Mercurius Cambro-Britannicus; Bri. The Heads of all the Proceedings of

tish Mercury, or Welch Diurnal, both Houses of Parliament 1642 No. 1, Oct. 23-30

. 1643 A Continuation of the Weekly Occur. The compleat Intelligencer and Rerences in Parliament, May 16–23;

solver, No. 1, Oct. 27 - Nov. 2 1643 as also other Occurrences upon Sa

Informator Rusticus, No. 1, Nov. 3 1643 turday May 20


1642 Remarkable Passages, No. 1, Nov. 8 1643. A perfect Diurnal of the Passages in Mercurius Urbanus, No. 2, Nov. 9 1643 Parliament, No. 4, June 13-20

The Kingdom's Weekly Post, No. 1,
Special Passages

Nov. 2-9

1643 A perfect Diurnal, No. 1, (a continue A Coranto irom beyond Seas, No. I 3643

ation of Special Passages) July 3 1642 Britaonicus Vapulans, No. I A Diurnal and Particulars of the last Mercurius Vapulans; or, the WhipWeek's Daily Occurrences, from his

ping of poor British Mercury, by Majesty, in several Places, July

Mercurius Urbanus, younger Bro16-26

1642 ther to Aulicus, No. 1, Nov. 2 1643 Special and considerable Passages, No. Mercurius, &c. Jan. 17-23 1643-4 1, Aug. 16

1642 The Spy, communicating Intelligence England's Memorable Accidents, Oct. 3 1642 from Oxford, Jan. 23-30 1643-4 Weekly Intelligence, Oct. I

1642 The Military Scribe, No. 1, Feb. " A grand Diurnal of the Passages in


1643-4 Parliament, No. 1, Nov. 28 1642 Britain's Remembrancer, No. 1, Mar. The latest remarkable Truth

1642 12-19

· News from Germany

1942 Mercurius Aulico. Mastix, No. 1, A Grand Journal


April 12 A perfect Relation

1642 A true and perfect Journal of the WarTrue Newes from our Navie now at

res in England, April 14 Sea, Nov. 6-1

1642 The Weekly News from Foreign The Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer,

Parts beyond the Seas, May 1 1644 No. 1, Dec. 20-27 .

3643 The Flying Posi, No. 1, May 10 644 Mercurius Aulicus : a Diurnal, com

intelligence from the South Borders municating the Intelligence and

of Scotland, written from Edin. Affairs of the Court to the Use of

.burgh, March 18-May 13 the Kingdom, from Oxford, Jan. I 1642-3 Chief Heads of each Day's Proceede Certain Intormations, No. 1, Jan. 9

ings in Parliament, May 8-15 - 16

1642-3 An exact Diurnal, No. 1, May 15 1644 The Daily Intelligencer of Court, City, Mercurius Fumigosus, or the Sinoking and Country, No. Jan. 30 1 642-3 Nocturnal, No. 1, June 7

1644 The Spie, communicating Intelligence Mercurius Hibernicus, printed at Brisfrom Ox'ord, No. 1, Jan. 30 1642-3 to!

- 1644 Anti-Aulicus, No. 1, Feb.


1 642-3 A particulur Relation of the most Mercurius Anglicus, No. 1, Feb. 1642-3 remarkable Occurrences froin the Mercurius Civicus, or Londun Intelli

United Forces in the North, No. 3, gencer, No. 2, diay 13

2643 Jupe I10






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