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It appears from his will, that he was a Soon after the first appearance of this bookseller, bookbinder, and stationer, all edition, a disease, rapid in its progress, which businesses were carried on in his deprived the world of Mr. Jacob Tonson; house; and that he was also a printer, in a man, whose zeal for the improvement partnership with John Watts. The elder of English literature, and whose liberality Jacob probably also carried on all these to men of learning, gave him a just title several occupations. For what purpose to all the honours which men of learning they could the elder Tonson wish for any can bestow. To suppose that a person additional wealth? lle had no children employed in an extensive trade lived in of his own; and the children of his ne. a state of indifference to loss and gain, phew were all most amply provided for would be to conceive a character incrediby their father's will. Seventeen days ble and romantic; but it may be justly alter the death of that nephew (Dec. 2, said of Mr. Tonson, that he had enlarged 1735), old Jacob Tonson made his will; his mind beyond solicitude about petty in which be confirmed a settlement that losses, and refined it from the desire of he had made on bim (probably at the unreasonable profit. He was willing to time of his marriage), and appointed his admit those with whom he contracted, to great-nephew, Jacob Tonson, the eldest the just advantage of their own labours; son of the former Jacob, his executor and bad never learned to consider the and residuary legatee. This must have author as an under-agent to the bookbeen an immense accession to what he seller. The wealth which he inherited already had derived from his father; who or acquired, he enjoyed like a man condevised all his estates in Herefordshire, scious of the dignity of a profession sube Gloucestershire, and Worcestershire, in servient to learning. His domestic life what is called strict settlement, to his was elegant, and his charity was liberal, sons, Jacob, Richard, and Samuel, suc. His manners were soft, and his copveréessively; and the whole benefit of his sation delicate: nor is, perhaps, any patent between the two elder, whom he quality in him more to be censured, than also made his residuary legatees.
that reserve which confinehis acquain. Jacob Tonson, the third bookseller of tance to a small number, and made his the name (who is called by Dr. Johnson example less useful, as it was less exten“ the late amiable Mr. Tonson"), served sive." He was the last commercial name che office of high sheriff for the county of of a family which will be long remenSurrey in 1750; and in 1759 paid the bered; and, if Horace thought it not im. custoinary fine for being excused serving proper to convey the Sosii to posterity; the saine important office for the city of if rhetoric suffered no dishonour froin Lundon and county of Middlesex (his Quintilian's dedication to Trypho; let it father and great-uncle having both paid not be thought that we disgrace Shakesthe same fine in the year 1734). He car. peare, by appending to his works the ried on bis trade, with great liberality, name of Tonson." and credit to bimself, for above thirty Though his younger brother, Richard, years, in the same shop which had been survived him a few years, he interfered possessed by his father and great uncle, but little with the concerns of the trade. opposite Caiharine-street in the Strand; By his father's will, the estate at Waterbut, some years before his death, removed Oakley, in the parish of Bray, near Windto a new house on the other side of the sor, was directed to be sold, and the proway, near Catharine street, where he duce to be considered as part of his per. died, without issue, March 31, 1767. sonal property; but, either by agreement And Mr. Sieevens afterwards, in a Pre. with his fainily or by purchase, it came fatory Advertisement to the edition of into the hands of the second son, RichShakespeare in 1778, honoured his mc- ard; who, though a partner with bis elder mory with the following characteristic brother, lived principally at Water Oakeulogium.
ley; where he was so much beloved and “To those who have advanced the respected, that the electors of New reputation of our Poel, it has been en. Windsor almost compelled him to repredeavoured, by Dr. Johnson, in the fore sent thein in parliament; an honour which going preface, impartially to allot their he enjoyed at the time of his death. In dividend of fame, and it is with great this delightful retreat, where his henesu. regret that we now add to the catalogue, leuce and hospitality are still recollected, auncher, the consequence of whose death he built a rooin, lighied at the top by a will perhaps allect, not only the works of dume, and an anti-chamber for the reSliakespeare, but of many other writers. ception of the celebrated Kit-cat por
Traits, which had descended to him on in the city of London,) married the eldest the death of brother Jacob. They were daughter of the second Jacob Tonson, rangedi on each side the room, in two One of the younger daughters died unrows, and in the following order :-Over married : and the other, who inarried Mr. the Chimney: the Duke of Newcastle Lampriere, died without issue. and Henry, Earl of Lincoln, in one picture. In the First Row: 1. Charles
THOMAS HOLLIS. Seyinour, Duke of Somerset; 2. William Thomas Hollis, of Corscombe, in the Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire; 3. county of Dorset, esq. was born in Lon. Charles Lenox, Duke of Richmond; 4. don, April 14, 1720. This voinicial birthCharles Fitzroy, Duke of Grafton; 5. day Mi, Hollis ever alterwards, without John, Duke of Montagu ; 6. C. Sackville, regard to the change of style, continued Earl of Dorset; 7. Richard'Lord Lumley; to observe. His great-grandfather, Tho8. Charles Howard, Earl of Carlisle ; 9. mas, of Rotherbam in Yorkshire, a whiteSir Richard Temple; 10. Thomas Hop- smith ly trade, and Dapiist by persuas kins, Esq.--The Door, first row con sion, seliled in London during the civil tinued: 11. William Walsh, Esq. ; 12. wars, and died there in 1718, aged 84, Algernoon Capel, Earl of Essex ; 13. leaving three sons, Thomas, Nathaniel, James Earl of Berkeley; 14. John and John. Of these the eldest, Thomas, Vaughan, Earl of Carbery; 15. Charles a considerable merchant, is chiefly mea Lord Cornwallis; 16. Charles Montagu, morable for his benefactions to New Earl of Ilalifax; 17. John Lord Somers; England, particularly to Harvard college 18. Thomas Earl of Wharton; 19. Chas. in Cambridge (where he founded a pro. Montague, Earl of Manchester ; 20. fessorship, scholarships, &c.) to the Erelyo Pierpoint, Marquis of Dorches. amount of near 50001, in which his broter.-Chimney, beginning of the second thers were joint contributors, without raw; 21. Lionel Cranfield Sackville, any restriction in regard to religious sects, Earl of Dorset; 22. Charles Lord Moo Thomas, the only son of Nathaniel, died hun; 23. Robert Walpole, Esg.; 24. in 1735 (three years before his father), Spencer Compton, Esg. ; 25. Lieut.-Gen. leaving one son, the subject of this note, James Stanhope; 26. Hon. William Pul. and of course the heir to his father, and teney, Esq.; 27. John Dormer, Esq. 28. also to his great-uncle Thomas, who died John Tidcoob, Esq. ; 29. Abraham Sian. in 1730. His inother was the daughter yan, Esg.; 30. John Dryden, Esq.- of Mr. Scott, of Wolverhampton, in Door, 2d row continued: 31. Sir Godwhose family Mr. Mollis was nurtured in frey Kneller; 32. Jacob Tonson, senior; his infancy. The above account will 33. Sir John Vanbrugh; 34. William rectify a mistake which has prevailed, of Congreve, Esq.; 35. Joseph Addison, his being a descendant of Denzil Lord Esq.; 36. Sir Samuel Garth, M. D. ; 37. Hulles, though his grandfather used to Sir Richard Steele; 38. Arthur Mayn- say, they were of one family, which se. waring, Esg.; 39 George Stepney, Esq; paraled in the time of Henry VIII. He 40. Francis Lord Godolphin. The cwo was educated at the free-school of Newportraits in one picture, over the chim- port in Shropshire, till he was abouc eight ney, make the number 42.-In the little or nine years of age (probably), by a Mr. anti-chamber, was a portrait of Lord or a Dr. Lee; and afterwards at St. Ala Chief Justice Raymond.--Mr. Tonson ban's, by Mr. Wood. Jo his 13th or did not long enjoy the improvement he 14th year he was sent to Amsterdam, to had made in his house, and the orna. learn the Durch and French languages, ments he had added to it; being unex. writing, accompts, &c.; stayed there pectedly cut off, after a few days illness, about lifteen months, and then returned by an inflammatory complaint in his to London to his father, with whoin le bowels, to the regret of his friends, and continued till his death, in 1735. After the deep affliction of all his poor neigh- this he was some years in the house of bours, Wie very year that his room was his cousin Timothy Hollis, esq. llis completed. The house was soon after guardian was Mr. John Hollister, then sold; and became the seat of the Duke treasurer of Guy's Iluspital; who, to give of Argyle; and is now in the possession him a liberal education, suitable to the of Join lluddleston, Esy. who purchased ample fortune he was to inverit, put him it of Mr. Barker Church." The portraits under the tuition of Professor Ward, became the properig of Willian Baker, whose picture, to preserve bis mennry, Esq. late M. P. for Ilerts; whose father Mr. Hollis presented to the British Mu. (the late Sir William Baker, many years seum; and, in honour of his father and an alderman of the ward of Bassishaw, guardian, be caused to be inscribed found a valuable diamond ring, Mnemo- as to public societies, cannot here be synon Patris Tutorisque. From Dr. Je. specified. Mr. Hollis purchased at Mr. remiah Ilunt, Dr. Fuster, and other ensin Charles Stanhope's sale, June 3, 1760, nent persons, he imbibed that ardent an original of Milion when a boy, painted love of liberty, and freedom of sentiment, by Cornelius Jansen. A fire bappening which strongly marked his character. at his lodgings in Bedford-street, Jan. 23, lle professed himself a Dissenter. In 1761, he calmols walked out, taking the 1739.40 he went to chambers in Lin, picture only in his hand. - The fire, coln's-Inn, being admitted as a law.stu however, was happily got under without dent; but does not appear to have stu. any loss. A new edition of Toland's died the law as a profession, though he Life of Milton was published under his resided there till July 19, 1748, when he care and direction, in 1761. He preset out on his travels for the first time, sented, Oct. 29, 1761, an original por. and passed through Holland, Austrian trait of Sir Isaac Newton, painted by and French Netherlands, part of France, Zeeman, 1726, to Trinity College, CamSwitzerland, Savoy, and part of Italy, bridge. All the Tracts that were puband returned through Provence, Brittany, lished against the Jesuits he collected &c. 10 Paris. His fellow traveller was in 1762, and sent to the public library Thomas Brand, esq. of the Hyde, in Essex, of Zurich, having been slighted, as he his particular friend and future heir. His thought, by the Curators of the British second tour, which commenced July 16, Museum. In April, 1763, Mr. Hollis 1750, was ihrough Holland to Embden, gave the public a new and accurate edi. Bremen, Hamburgh, the principal cities tion of Algernon Sydney's Discourses ont on the north and east side of Germany, Government, on which the pains and es. the rest of Italy, Sicily and Malta, Loro perse he bestowed are almost incredible. sain, &c. The journals of both his His patronising this edition, and other tours are preserved, and would be a va. works of the same kind, procured him, luable acquisition to the public. On his and no wonder, the name and reputareturn home, finding he could not ob- tion of a Republicail“ Roma Antica," tain a seat in parliament in the disin. by the Abbate Venuti, though a posthuterested manner he wished, without the nious work, owed its birth to Mr. Hollis, smallest appearance of bribery, he began In 1763 bis friend Count Algarotti pubhis collection of books and medals, “ for lished his “ Saggio sopra l'Academia de the purpose of illustrating and upholding Francia che è in Roma," with a dedicaJiberty, preserving the memory of its tion to Mr. Hollis, to his great surprize, champions, to render tyranny and its as, when he could, he always declined abettors odious, to extend science and such compliments. The noble library, art, to keep alive the honour and estima- philosophical apparatus, &c. of Harvard tion of their patrons and protectors, and college, being consumed by fire, Jan. 24, w make the whole as useful as possible ; 1764, Mr. Hollis immediately subscribed abhorring all monopoly; and, if such 2001. towards repairing the loss. In should be the fitness of things, to propa. this year Mr. Locke's two Treatises on gate the same benevolent spirit to pose Government, and in the next bis Letters terity." Among Mr. Hollis's noble be. on Toleration, were published separately, nefactions to foreign libraries, none is under the auspices of Mr. Hollis. In more remarkable than that of two large June he presented some Egyptian Anti'collections of valuable books to the pub quities, anonymously to Count Caylus at Jic library of Berne, which were presented Paris.' Dr. Wallis's Latin Graminar of anonymously, as hy “ an Englishman, a the English Tongue was' reprinted at lover of liberty, his country, and its ex. Mr. Hollis's desire, to promote the knowcellent constitution, as restored at the ledge of our language among foreigners. happy Revolution." Switzerland, Geneva, The elegant preface prefised was written Venice, Leyden, Sweden, Russia, &c. by Mr. Bowyer, who was ever desimous shared his favours. His benefactions of forwarding Mr. Hollis's public-spirited to Harvard college commenced in 1758, intentions A fine collection of books, and were continued every succeeding intended by Mr, Höllis fur Harvard colyear, to the amount in all of 14001. Dr. lege, being burnt, with his bookbinder's Jonathan Mayhew, pastor of the West house, June 6, he immediately began church in Boston, was lis confidential collecting "a fner parcel." One of his friend and correspondent, and partook presents this year being consigned to the largely of his esteem and beneficence. Public library, " if any," at Bermuda; But bis liberality to individuals, as well on Dr, Mayhew's replying that he be
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lieved there was none, the Biographers way of shield, I try by all means to hold of Mr. Hollis add, " Though Bp. Berke- out." Early in the afternoon of New ley's project of establishing and endow. Year's-day, 1774, Mr. Hollis was in a ing a college at Berinuda miscarried, yet, field, at some distance from his place. one would think, he did not bring back of residence at Corscombe, attended by the collection of books he intended for only one workman, who was receiving that foundation." He certainly did not, bis directions concerning a tree whick but it does not appear that he ever was had been lately felled. On, a sudden, at Bermuda, or got nearer to it than he put one of his fingers to bis forehead, Newport in Rhode Island. There he saying, “ Richard, I believe the weather resided, and there he left his books. A is going to change ; I am extremely second magnificent present of books was giddy." These words were scarcely of sent by our patriot to Bérne this year. his lips, when he fell on his left side. His expenses in books, virtù, presents, The man sprang to his assistance, and, charity, &c. amounted in 1764 to about raising him up, adininistered what little 8001. and were seldom much less. In relief he could. He was still sufficiently this year he sent to Sydney College, himself to say, “ Lord have mercy upon Cambridge, where Cromwell was edu- ine; Lord have mercy upon me; receivecated, an original portrait of him by my soul;" which were the last words he Cooper, since etched by P.S. Lambourne was able to pronounce. His lips moved and J. Bretherton.-Dr. Mayhew died of afterwards, but no sound was forined, a nervous fever, July 9, aged 49,“ over and he expired presently after. The plied," as Mr. Hollis expresses it, in following quaint character of this extraMiltonic phrase, “ by public energies." ordinary man appeared in one of the For a drawing of hin, by Cipriani, from public prints some years before his death, a picture at Boston, Mr. Hollis paid 30 July 5, 1770: “ Thomas Hollis is a man guineas. Dr. Andrew Elliot succeeded possessed of a large fortune; above the to his correspondence. In 1767 Mr. half of wbich be devotes to charities, to Hullis's projected re-publications of An. che encouragement of genius, and to the drew Marvell's Works, and of Milton's support and defence of liberty. His stue Prose Works, both proved abortive. For dious hours are devoted to the search of a frontispiece to the latter, Cipriani had noble authors hidden by the rust of time; drawn and etched Milton victorious over and to do their virtues justice, by brighean Salmasius. In August 1770, Mr. Hollis ening their actions for the review of the carried into execution a plan, which he public. Wherever he meets the man of had formed five years before, of retiring letters, he is sure to assist him; and were into Dorsetshire; and of his situation I to describe in paint this illustrious citis there he gives the following account, from zen of the world, I would depict him Corscombe, Sept. 24: “ Retreat is now leading by the hands Genius and disbecome more and more acceptable to tressed Virtue to the Temple of Reward." me. Where I shall dwell afterwards Mr. Hollis, in order to preserve the me precisely, I do not know at present ; but' inory of those heroes and patriots for as pear to this place as may be. It is whom he had a veneracion, called many called Urles, or Urles-farm; and is a of the farms and fields in his estate at most healıby and, I think, beautiful spot; Corscombe by their names; and by these the very earth itself is sweet beyond a names they are still distinguished. In nosegav: but the house is bad, and a the middle of one of these fields, not far very old farm-house. I thank God, I from his house, he ordered his corpse to am well; but I feel, in several ways, the be deposited, in a grave ten feet deep. effects of my late long most rigid plan: and that the field should be iminediately I rise from six to seven, and to bed from ploughed over, that no trace of his bus eleven to twelve; and the whole day, rial-place might remain. In the testa. cach to the other, passes in such a va- mentary disposition of his fortune, he riety of transactions, some not personal shewed himself as much superior to conand of scope, that I am often surprised mon connexions as he affected to be at the recollection of them. That of through life; for, without the least rewhich I ain most chary is my time; and gard so his natural relations, he bca people, knowing the streightness of my queathed all his real, and the residue of apartment, and that I mean well under his personal, estate, to his dear friend certain singularities, are cautious enough, and fellow.traveller, Thomas Brand, esq. in general, not to break in upon and cons of The Hyde, in Essex, who took the sume ito The idea of singularity, by name and arms of Lollis, and whose
first application of his liberality was to critic not only disdained to retract his solicit a seat in Parliament. To the first position, but wrote letters in the books which Mr. Hillis published, or newspapers to complinent himself. un procured to be published, before men. the ownership of such an undoubled oririoned, may be added the following: gival of his favourite Bard. So ena« Nedlam's Excellence of a Free State;" Dioured (as bas been before observed) · Neville's Plato Redivivus" (a re-pub. was our Magnifico of pomp, that, if his lication of Mr. Spence's edition); “Ne transit were only from G.eat Ormonde ville's Parliainent of Ladies ;" and " Isle street, Bloomsbury, where he resided, to of Pines."
- Mr. Bowyer's, in Red Lion-passage, MR. JENNENS, OF COPSAL.
Fleet-street, be always travelled with . Charles Jennens, esq. of Gopsal, in four horses, and sometimes with as many Leicestershire; for whoin Mr. Bowyer servants behind his carriage. In his proprinted afterwards, on the model of his gress up the paved court, a footman usus Lear, the Tragedies of " Flamlet," 1772; ally preceded bim, to kick oyster-shells « Othello" and "Macbeth," 1773. He and other impediments out of his way. would have proceeded further, but'death He changed his publishers more than prevented him. The Tragedy of “ Julius once, having persuaded himself that the Cæsar," which was in his life.time put ill success of his projected edition of our to the press, was published in 1774. Ile great dramatic poet, was in some meahad a very noble library, and a large cole sure owing to their machinations, in conlection of pictures, both in Great Ore junction with those of the booksellers. mond-street and at Gopsal, described To his 6rst printer, Mr. Richardson, as in " London and its Envirous," vol. v. often as be disappointed him of a proof, p. 76–97; and in the Connoisseur, 8vo.; he would display all the insolence of con. and his house at Gospal, in Young's scious wealth ; and on his domestics he Tour.
occasionally poured out a turbulence of Io bis youth he was so remarkable for rage that was not over-delicate in its the number of his servants, the splendour choice of expressions. The fate of bis of bis equipages, and the profusion of his critical undertakings may convey a osetable, that, from his excess of pomp, he ful lesson to those who comnience authors acquired the title of Solyman The Mag. in their dotage. It may likewise teach nificent. lle is said to have composed the golden fool' (as Shakespeare calls the words for some of Handel's Orato. the man of greater opulence than learnrios, and particularly those for “The ing) that, though the praise of a few sy. Messialı;" an easy task, as it is only a cophanis is an easy purchase, the world selection from Scripture verses. Not at large will never sell its approbation, Jong before his death, be imprudently were there, as Jugurtha said, any mer. thrust his head into a nesc of hornets, by chant rich enough to buy it. Let us, an edition of Shakespeare, which he be. however, do justice to Mr. Jennens's gan, by publishing “King Lear," in 8vo, merits wbere we are lucky enough to The chief error of Mr. Jennens's life con. find them. He was profusely liberal to sisted in his perpetual association with a those who, in his opinion, deserved liset of men every way inferior to himself. berality. The indigent nonjuror and By these means be lost all opportunities nonconforinist never solicited relief in of improvement, but gained what he pre- vain. Ac his country scat, as well as at ferred to the highest gratifications of his house in town, he chiefly lived in inwisdom-flattery in excess. He gene. timacy with these discontented members rally took care to patronise such trades- of the commonwealth, and to a lower men and such artists, as few other pere order of the same beings his munificence sons would employ, llence bis shelves was in general confined. were crowded with the lumber of Russel's This worthy gentleman, let me adil, needy shop, and bis walls discoloured by was as benevolent as he was richi. The the refuse of Ilayman's miserable pencil. establishment of his household, both in
The obstinacy of Mr.Jennens was equal town and country, were oil a scale of to bis vanity. What lie had once as hospitable inagnificence. lle was, from serted, though manifestly false, he would education and principle, a nonjuror; and always mainiain. Being in possession of many worthy men of ihe same turn of a portrait by Cornelius Jansen, he ad- mind, were fed and protected by his vertised it as the head of Shakespeare; bounty. His writing the unfortunate ani,, though it was found to be daten in Preface to Lear, however, was literally 1010, beforc Jansen wus in England, our "thrusting himself into a nest of bor: