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troops employed. From the 10th till the It will be seen that the junction of the 14th, the time was passed in various reconFrench armies compelled Lord Welling
noissances, as well of the fords of the Tormes ton to abandon all his Spanish conquests,
as of the position wbich the troops under my and retreat with the loss of 4000 British
command occupied on the right of that river, and Portuguese, to the frontiers of Por
in front of Salamanca ; and on the 14th the tugal.
enemy crossed that river in force, at three
fords near Lucinas, about two leagues above Dispatches, of which the following are Al
Alba. excracts, were received by Earl Bathurst, I immediately broke up from St. Christoaddressed to his Lordship, by General val, and ordered the troops to move towards the Marquess Wellington.
Arapiles; ans, as soon as I had ascertained Pitiegue, Nov. 7, 1812. the direction of the enemy's march from the The enemy repaired the bridge at Toro tords, I moved with the ad division of inat a much earlier period than I expected. fantry, and all the cavalry I could collect, to I therefore Jesired Sir R. Hill to continue his attack them, leaving Licut..general Sir Rowmarch by Fontiveros upon Alba de Tormes, land Hill with the 4th, and Lieut. gene al and, as soon as I found that he was sufficiently Hamilton's divisions, in front of Alba, to forward, I broke up yesterday morning from protect this movement, and the 3d division the position which I had held in front of in reserve on the Arapiles to secure the posTordesillas since the 30th of last month, session of that position. and I am in march towards the heights of The enemy, however, were already too St. Christovel, in front of Salamanca.
numerous, and too strongly posted at Mo. The enemy has not pressed at all upon
zarbes, to be attacked; and I confined mythe rear of the troops under Lieut.general self to a cannonade of their cavalry, under Sir R Hill, nor have those on the Douro cover of which I reconpoitred their position. followed the march of the troops under my
In the evening I withdrew all the troops command; I conclude the two corps wiil from the neighbourhood of Alba to the Ara. unice, which, in consequence of the situation piles leaving a small Spanish garrison in the of the Douro, I could not prevent.
castle, and having destroyed the bridge. In Cudad Redrige. Nov 14. the course of the night and following moraThe troops under the command of Lieut.. ing morning, I moved the greatest part of general Sir R. Hill crossed the Tormes, at the troops through Salamanca, and placed Alba, on the 8th instant, and thuse under Lieut.-general Sir E. Paget with the 1st divi. my command took their position on the sion of infantry on the right, at Aldea Toheights of St. Cbristoval de la Cuesta on the jada, in order to secure that passage for the same day; Brigadier-general Pack's brigade troops over the Zunguen, in case the moveoccupying Aldea Lengua, and Brigadier ments of the enemy on our right flank general Bradford's Caberizos on the right; should render it necessary for me to make and the British cavalry covering our front choice either of giving up my communications I had desired Lieut.-general Sir R. Hill to oc- wish Ciudad Rodrigo or Salamanca. cupy the town and castle of Alba, with Ma. On the 15th, in the morning, I found the jor general Howard's brigade of the 2 divin enemy fortifying their position at Mozarbes. sion, leaving Lieut.. general Hamilton's Por- which they had taken up the night before : tuguèse division on the leit of the Tormes. at the same time that they were moving to support those troops ; while the ad divi: bodies of cavalry and infantry towards their sion was posted in the neighbourhood of the owo lelt, and to our communication with fords of Encinas and Huerta, and the 3d and Ciudad Rodrigo. It was obvious that it was 4th divisions remained at Calvarassa de Ariba the enemy's intention to act upon our comin reserve.
munications; and, as they were too strong, On the 9th the enemy drove in the and too strongly posted for me to think of piequets of Major general Long's brigade of attacking them, I determined to move upon cavalry, in front of Alba; and Major-general Ciudad Ruarigo. I therefore put the army Long was obliged to withdraw his troops in march, in three columns, and crossed the through Alba on the morning of the 10th. Zunguen, and then passed the enemy's left In the course of the day, the enemy's whole frank, and encamped that night on the Van army approached our positions on the Tormes,
musa. We continued our marci successively and they attacked the troops in Alba with on the 16th, 17th, 18th, and this day, when 20 pieces of cannon and a considerable body part of the army crossed the Agueda, and the of infantry. Thes made no impression on whole will cross that river to-morrow, them, however, and withdrew the cannon
mnon The enemy followed our move..ent on the and the greater part of the troops on that 16th, with a large body, probably the whole pight, and this attack was never renewed. or the cavalry, and a considerable body of
E inclose Lieut.-general Hamilton's report intantry, but they did not attempt to press to Sir Rowland Hill of the transactions at upon our rear. They too's advancarc of the Alba, which were highly creditable to the ground to cannonade our rear guard, consist.
MONTHLY MAG. No. 235.
ing of the light division, under Major-general I yesterday garrisoned and provisioned the Charles Alten, on the 17th, on its passage of castle; and, by the exertions of Captain Goldthe Huebra, at San Munoz, and occasioned finch, of the engineers, it is put into as good some loss.
a state as circunstances will admit: he is The troops have suffered considerably from continuing strengthening it. Captain Gold. the severity of the weather, which, since the finch has been of great assistance to me. 15th, has been worse than I have ever known I have appropriated to mach regiment a it at this season of the year.
district of this town, and the commanding I am sorry to add, that we have had the officer has barricaded the streets and build. misfortune to lose Lieut. general Sir Ed- ings in a very judicious manner. Brigadiers wara Paget, who was taken prisoner on the Da Costa and Campbell's brigades are in our 17th. He commanded the centre column; position on the left bank of the Tormes, and, the fall of rain having greatly injured Brigadier Campbell reports his having caused the roads, and swelled the rivules, there was the enemy some loss, their attempt to an interval between the 5th and 7th divisions cross a ford near his position. of infartry. Sir Edward rode to the rear Lieu:enant-Colonel Tulloh has made so alone, to discover the cause of the interval; good an arrangecjent of his two brigaves of and, as the road passed through a wood, ei- guns, that, united with the position of the ther a detachment of the enemy's cavalry had two brigades of iniantry on the left bank of got upon the road, or he missed the road, the Tormes, I consider my faaks secure. and tell into their hands in the wood. I un- Early yester.ay morning Major geseral derstand that Sir Edward was not wounded; Long, commanding he cavalry in front, re. but I cannot sufficiently regret the loss of ported that the enemy were advancing in great his assistance at this moment.
force ; I was, therefore, induced to retire the In my dispatch of the 7th instant, I com cavalry. municated to your Lordship my opinion of About ten o'clock the enemy appeared on the strength of the eneiny, as far as I could the heights in considerable force of caralry, judge.of it from the reports I had received, and a few infantry, covering, as I conceived, and from what I had seen. I have since a reconnoissance of several officers of rank. learnt that Gen. Caffarelli, with the army of About ten o'clock the enemy's force was in. the North, certainly remained joined with the creased to fifteen squadıons, and six thousand army of Portugal. Joseph Buonaparte left infantry, and twenty guns, including six sixMadrid on the 4th instant, and arrived at inch houitzers, which immeviately com. Penaranda on the 8ch, leaving at Madrid the menced firing, and continued until it was civil authorities of his government, and a dark. The enemy's light troops advanced small garrison. These authorities and troops close to the walls we had hastily thrown up evacuated Madrid on the 7th, and marched but from the cool and steady conduct of the for Castile; and Colonel Don Juan Palarea, 51st regiment, Colonel Stewart; 71st regithe Medico, took possessson of that city. ment, the Honourable Colonel Cadogan; the
Your Lordship will have seen General 92d, Colonel Cameron; General Howard's Ballasteros's letter of the 24th of October, to brigade, the enemy dared not attempt the the Regency, from which you will observe, town. that he had disobeyed the orders of the go- About eight o'clock in the evening I was vernment, given to him at my suggestion, repeatedly informed that the enemy's infan. to march his troops into La Mancha, and try was considerably increasing, which ia, hang upon the enemy's left flank, because duced me to order three battalions of Briga. the Regency and Cortes had offered me the dier De Costa's brigade into the town, leaving chief command of the Spanish armies. his other battalion for the prstection of the
The whole of the enemy's disposeable force foids. The enemy during the night with. in Spain was therefore upon the 'Tormes in drew their artillery, and I have lett a small the iniddle of this month; and they were force of cavalry and infantry, who keep up a certainly not less than 80,000 men, but more smart fire. I have to regret the loss of a con. probably 90,000; of these 10,000 watt ca- siderable number of men, but which I trust valry; and, as the army of Portugal alone had you will not deem great, when you consider 100 pieces of cannon, it is probable that the heavy and incessant fire of artillery for they had not less in all the armies than 200 so many hours. The loss of the Portuguese pieces.
was while on duty this morning, and I have (inclosure, No. I.)
real pleasure in reporting their steady and ani. Alba de Tormes, Nov. 11. mated conduct. SIB, I have the honour to report the I feel much indebted to Major-general steps I have taken to carry into effect your Howard, who rendered me every possible as. instructions for the defence of this place, sistance, as also to every officer and soldier of which, I am happy to say, have obliged the his excellent brigade, for their steady, zea. enemy to withdraw the greatest part of the lous, and soldier-like conduct. force opposed to us; and I feel almost con- To Captain Pinto Savedra, my Assistant, fident we shail be able to retain our position Adjutant-General; to Captain Watson, light as long as you may derm expedient.
dragoons, Assistant-quarter-master-geacral ; and to Captain Banbury, my aid-de-camp, I
GREAT BRITAIN. consider myself obliged, for their prompt ex. The new Parliament assembled on the ecution of my orders.
So: hof November, and was opened by the I enclose a return of the killed and wounded, following Speech froin the Regent. and trust we shall not have niany more casua
" My Lords and Gentlemen, It is with the alties. I have the honour &c. (signed) John HAMILTON, Lieut.:Gen.
deepest concern that I am obliged to anLieut.-Gen. Sir R. Hill.
nounce to you, at the opening of this Parli.
ament, the continuance of his Majesty's la• Names of Officers killed.
mented indisposicion, and the diminution of October 23, 1812. -38th Foot, 1st. Batt.
the hopes which I have most anxiously enter-Ciptain Todd.
tained of his recovery. 4 115 Puot, 2d. Batt. --Lieutenant Lennon.
“The situation of public affairs has induced Brunswick Light Intantry Captain Stern
me to take the earliest opportunity of meeting feldt, Lieutenant Hartwig.
you after the late elections. I am persuaded Wunded.
you will cordially participate in the satisfacOctober 29, 1912.-11ch Light Dragoons tion which I derive from the improvement of Lieu'parts Lye and Knipe.
our prospects during the course of the present 1215 Light Dragoons-Lieutenant Taylor. year. The valour and intrepidity displayed
16th Light Dragoons--Captain Murray, by his Majesty's forces and those of his Al. Lieutenant Lockhart, since dead.
lies in the Peninsula, on so many oxasions 15 Dragoons King's German Legion -Ma- during this campaign, and the consommate jor Meidell, Lieutenants Deckun and Phibus. skill and judgment with which the or erations
and Dragoons King's German Legion have been conduered by General the MarLieutenant Hugo; Cornet De Massau.
quess of Wellington, have led to conseOctober 25, 1811.-Royal Artillery quences of the utmost importance to the comLieutenant Johnstone.
mon cause. By transferring the war into the 4ch Foot, 1st Batt.---Lieutenant-Col. Pin interior of Spain, and by the glorious and per, slightly; Lieutenant Edgell, severely. ever memorable viceory obtained at Sala
9th Foot, 1st Batt.-lieutenants Ack. marca, he has compelled the enemy to raise land, Taylor, Hon. W. Curzons, and Ford, the siege of Cadiz; and the Southern proseverely ; Lieutenant Ross Lewin, slightly. vinces of that kingdom has been delivered
Soch Fooi, 2 Batt.Captain Hitchins, from the power and arms of France. Lie wienant Andrews, slightly; Lieutenant " Although I cannot but regret that the Rumiey, severely; Lieutenant Brisac, En efforts of the enemy, combined with a view signs Beere and Tincombe, slightly ; Ensign to one great operation, have rendered it neMadden, severely.
Cessary to withdraw from the siege of Burgos, 41th Poot, 2 Batt. - Lieutenant-Colonel and to evacuate Madrid, for the purpose of Harding, slightly; Lieutenant Elwis, dan concentrating the main body of the Allied gerously; Ensign smich, severely.
Forces; these efforts of the enemy bave, leBrunswick Dels Corps ---Captain Nassau. vertheless, been attended with important sa.
3. Regiment of the Line, Portuguese crifices on their part, which must materially Ensign joze de Moncada.
contribute to extend the resources nd facilia 8ib Cacadores--Major Hill, slightly; tate the exertions of the Spanih nation. Cartain Western, severely ; Captain Manoel “I am confident I may rely on y ur deterCascin, slightly ; Lieutenants Antonio Carlos mination to continue to afiord every aid in and Joao Baptist, severely ; Lieutenant Do. support of a contesc which has first given to miogo Fortenha, slightly ; Ensigns Joao dos the Continent of Europe the example of per. Santo, Jojo Sebastiano, and Rodrigo Navarre, severing and successtul resistance to the and Adjutant Leech, severely.
power of France, and on which not only the October 27, 1812.--Royal Artillery independence of the nations of the Peninsula, Lieutenant-Colonel Robe, severely (not dan but the best intcrests of his Majesty's domia gerously).
nions essentially depend. October 28, 1819.51st Foot Lieutenant “I have great pleasure in commun'cating Hickle, severely (arm amputated).
to you, that the relations of peace and ad.
ship have been restored between his Majesty Alissing.
and the Courts of St. Petersburgh and StockOctober 23, 1812. Toch Light Dragoons
holm. I have directed copies of the Treaties Lieutenant-Col. Pelly, Lieutenant Baker.
to be laid betre you. 1st Dragoons, King's German Legion
"In a contest for his own Sovereign rights, Major Fischer.
and for the independence of his dominions, • 2d Dragoons, King's German Legion
the Emperor of Russia has had to oppose a Captain Lenthe, Cornets Droege and Schaefter.
Jarge proportion of the military power of the October 25, 1812.-9th Fout, 1st Bitt,
French Government, assisted by its Allies, Lieutenant Whitley.
and by the tributary Staics dependent upS8th Foot, 1st Batt. -Brevet Major Evans,
on it. ** S. A. GOODMAN, D.A.A., Gen. " The resistance which he has opposed to
4 B 2
so formidable a combination, cannot fail to arrangements of the Governor. General, and excite sentiments of tasting admiration by the skill and decision with which the mi
"By bis own magnanimity and persevere litary operations have been conducted, the ance, by the zeal and disinterestedness of all forces of the enemy assembled for that pur. ranks of his subjects, and by the gallantry, pose in one quarter have been compelled to firmness, and intrepidity of his forces, the capitulate, and in another hate been conpresumptuous expectations of the enemy have pletely defeated. My best efforts are not been signally disappointed The enthusiasm wanting for the restoration of the relations of of the Russian nation has encreased with the peace and amity between the two countries; difficulties of the contest, ard with the dan. but, until this object can be attained without gers with which they were surrounded. sacrificing the maritime rights of Great Bri. They have submitred to sacrifices of which tain, I shall rely upon your cordial support there are few examples in the history of the in a vigorous prosecution of the war. world; and I indulge the confident hope, " Gentlemen of the House of Commons --I that the determined perseverance of his im. have ordered the estimates of the ensuing perial Majesty will be crowned with ultimate year to be laid before you, and I entertain no success; and that this contest, in its result, doubt of your readiness to furnish such supe will have the effect of establishing, upon a plies as may enable me to provide for the foundation never to be shaken, the security great inter sts committed to my charge, and and independence of the Russian Empire, to afford the best prospect of bringing the The proof of confidence which I have received contest in which we are engaged to a success. from his Imperial Majesty in the measure ful termination. which he has adopted of sending his fleets to “ My Lords and Gentimen, -The approach. the ports of this country, is in the highest ing expiration of the Charter of the East India degree gratifying to me ; and bis Imperial Company, renders it necessary for me to call Diajesty may most fully rely on my fixed de- your early attention to the propriety of protermination to afford him the most cordial viding more effectually for the future Governsupport in the great contest in which he is ment of our possessions in the East Indies. engaged.
In considering the variety of interests con"I have the satisfaction further to acquaint nected with this important subject, I rely on you, that I have concluded a treaty with his your wisdom to make such arrangements as Sicilian Majesty, supplementary to the trea. may best promote the prosperity of those terties of 1808 and 1809. As soon as the rati ritories, and at the same time secure the fications sha!! have been exchanged, I will greatest advantage to the commerce and redirect a copy of this treaty to be laid before venue of his Majesty's dominions. you. My object has been to provide for the “I have derived the greatest satisfaction more extensive application of the military from the success of the measure adopted by force of the Sicilian Government to offensive Parliament for suppressing those acts of outoperations; a measure which, combined with rage and insubordination which appeared in the liberal and enlightened principles which son.c parts of the kingdom: and from the happily prevail in the Councils of his Sici, disposition manifested to take advantage of lian Majesty, is calculated, I trust, to aug. the indemnity held out to the celuded by the ment his power and resources, and at the wisdom and benevolence of Parliament, I same time to render them essentially service trust I shall never have occasion to lament able to the common cause.
the recurrence of atrocities so repugnant to « The declaration of war by the Govern the British character, and that all his Mment of the United States of America was jesty's subjects will be impressed with this made under circumstances which might have conviction, that the happine:s of individuals afforded a reasonable expectation that the and the welfare of the State equally depend amicable relations between the two nations on strict obedience to the laws and steady atwould not long be interrupted. It is with tachment to our excellent Constitution. In sincere regret that I am obliged to acquaint the loyalty of the people, and in the wisdom you, that the cor.duct and pretensions of that of Parliament, I place the greatest reliance. Government have hitherto prevented the con. The same firmness and perseverance manifest. clusion of any pacific arrangement. Their ed on so many and such trying occasions will, measures of hostility have been principally I am persuaded, not be wanting, at a time directed against the adjoining British pro- when the eyes of all Europe and of the world vinces, and every effort has been made to se. are fixed upon you. I can assure you, that duce the inhabitants of them fron their al- in the execution of the great trust reposed in legiance to his Majesty.
me, no sentiment is so near my beart as the “The proofs, however, which I have re- desire to promote, by every means in my ceived of loyalıy and attachment from his power, the real prosperity, liberty, apa hapa Majesty's subjects in North America, are piness of his Majesty's subjects." highly satisfactory. The attempts of the The principal object of discussion bas enemy to invade Upper Canada, have not been the renewal of Stanhope's Gold-coin only proved abortive, but, by the judicious Bill, the design of which is tu prevent
parties parties who bold guineas from getting for it is committed in the face of our example, more for them tban a pound-note aud à They cangot mirigate it by calling it a seira shilling, showoh ache baper or currency defence against men in arms, for it embraces price of gold, they are worth above 27s.
the most shocking butcheries of defenceless each!
families; nor can it be pretended that they Two hundred shousand pounds was
are not answerable for the atrocities perpetra. also voted to the Rogsjans whose houses
ted, since the savages are employed with the
knowledge and even with menaces, that their had been burnt by the Russian armies;
fory could not be controled. Such is the and grants were passed for the army ex
spectacle which the deputed authorities of a traordinaries, &c.
nation, boasting its religion and morality, have UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. not been restrained from presenting to dia emMr. Mladison, president of the United Tightened age." States, in bis speech to Congress, on the le concludes in the following elegant 4th of November, introduces the follow, and glowing language: ing observations on General Hull's expe
"To have shrunk, under such circuma
stances, from manly resistance, would have dition, and on the employment of Indians
been a degradation blasting our best and by England. « Brigadier General Hull was charged with
proudest hopes. It would have struck us from
the high rank where the virtuous struggles of this provisional service, having under his com- our fathers had placed us, and have betrayed mand a body of troops, composed of regulars the magnificent legacy which we hold in trust and of volunteers from the state of Ohio: hav
for future generations. It would have acing reached his destination, after his know
knowledged, that on the element which fornis ledge of the war, and possessing discretionary
three-fourths of the globe we inhabit, and authority to act ofiensively, he passed into the
where all independent nations have equal and neighbouring cerritory of the enemy with the
common rights, the American people were prospect of an easy and victorious progress.
not an independent people, but colonists and The expedition, nevertheless, terminated un
vassals! fortunately, not only in a retreat to the town *
" It was at this moment, and with such an and fort of Detroit, but in the surrender of
alternative, that war was chosen. The naboth, and in the gallant corps commanded by
oy tion felt the necessity of it, and called for it that officer. The causes of this painful re
The appeal was accordingly made in a just verse will be investigated by a military tribu.
cause, to the just and powerful Being, who nal. A distinguishing feature in the opera- holds in his hands the chain of events, and tions which preceded and followed this adverse
the destiny of nations. It remains only, that, event, is the use made by the enemy of the
faith!ul to ourselves, entangled to nu connecmerciless savages under their influence.
tions with the views of other powers, and Whilst the benevolent policy of the United States invariably recommended peace, and
ever ready to accept peace from the hand of
Justice, we prosecute that war with united promoted civilization amongst that wretched
council, and with the ample faculties of the portion of the human race, and was making
nacion, until peace be so obtained, and as the exertions to dissuade them from taking either
only means under the divine blessing of speedily side in the war, the enemy has not scrupled to call to his aid their ruthless ferocity, arm
Advices have been received of the ed with the horrors of those instruments of carnage and torture which are known to spare
capture of the English frigate, Macedoneither age nor sex. In this outrage against
i man, of 44 guns, by an Anierican frigate;
an," 44 guns, oy an anterican rigate; the laws of honorable war, and against the being the second English Irigate taken tog feelings sacred to humanity, the British com. single American frigates since the con. manders cannot resort to a pian of retaliation; mencement of these fatal hoscilities.
INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS, IN AND NEAR LONDON: With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Charucters recently dcreused.
Two public subscriptions are afloat; one Messrs. Leigh and John Hunt, proprietorg
for che ENGLISH Poor, and the other for of The Examiner newspaper, were, on Wed. the Russian Poor. To the former, the Re- nesday, the 9th, tried in the Court of King's gent benevolently subscribed 2101. and to Bench, for a libel on the Prince Regenc. the latter 20001.
The libel, which purported to be a reply to The Brewers of London have advanced the some fulsome praises of his Royal Highness "price of porter to fivepenice haltpenny per that appeared in the Morning Post, in dogorel quart, in consequence of the alleged advance verse, was to this effect: What person. in mait and nops.
unacquainted with the true state of the case, A chapel of case is about to be built at would imagine, in reading these a tounding Claphain.
culosics, lhat this Glory oi the People was the