Abbildungen der Seite
PDF

trated by this hole, a park of 12 pieces of were in the city having been carefully exacannon, and 20 caissons of General Sebas- mined, the others emptied, the Emperor tiani were taken in a ravine, with baggage caused the Kremlin to be mined. The Duke waggons, in number 30, in all 65 waggons, of Istria caused it to be blown up at two instead of 100, as stated in the last Bulletin. o'clock, d. m. on the 23d; the arsenal, bar

At the same time, the enemy's regular racks, magazines, all were destroyed. This cavalry, and two columns of infantry pene. ancient citadel, which takes its date from the trated into the hole. They hoped to gain foundation of the monarchy, this first palace the wood, and the defile of Voronowo before of the Czars, has been destroyed. us; but the King of Naples was there; he The Duke of Treviso has marched for the was on horseback. He marched, and pene. Vereja. The Emperor of Russia's Aide-detrated the Russian line of cavalry in ten or camp, Baron Winzingerode, having, on the tweive different charges. He perceived the 22d, attempted to penetrate at the head of division of six enemy's battalions, commanded 500 Cossacks, was repulsed and taken priby Lieutenant.general Muller, charged and soner, with a young Russian officer named penetrated it. This division was massacred Narisken. --Lieutenant-general Muller was killed; On the 19th, the head quarters were in the whilst this was passing, General Poniatowski castle of Troitskoi; they remained there on successfully repulsed a Russian division, the 20th. On the 21st they were at IgnaThe Polish general, Fischer, was killed by a tieu ; the 22d at Pomenskoi, all the army ball.

having made two flank marches, and the 23 d The enemy not only suffered a loss supe. at Borowsk. The Emperor reckons upon rior to ours, but have the shame of having marching on the 24ch to gain the Dwina, and violated the truce concluded between the taking a position which will bring him with. advanced guard, a thing hardly ever done. in 80 leagues of Petersburgh and Wilna, Our loss amounts to 800 men in killed, a double advantage; that is to say, twenty wounded, and taken-that of the enemy is marches nearer his means and his object. double : severai Russian officers were taken; Of 4000 stone houses which were in Mos. two of their generals were killed; on this cow, not more than 200 remain. It has day the King of Naples has proved what pre- been said a fourth remained, because in that sence of mind, valour, and a knowledge of calculation 800 churches were comprehended, war can effect. In general, throughout all a part of which are undamaged. Of 8000 this campaign, chis Prince has shown hin houses of wood, nearly 500 remain. self worthy of the supreme rank in which he

Twenty-seventb Bulletin. is placed.

Vereja, Oct. 27. However, the Emperor, wishing to oblige On the 27th Prince Poniatowski marched the enemy to evacuate his intrenched camp, upon Vereja. and drive them several marches back, in The 23d the army was about to follow order to be able tranquilly to proceed to the this movement; but in the afternoon we countries chosen for his winter quarters, and learnt that the enemy had quitted his enactually necessary to be occupied for the exe- trenched camp, and was on march to the litcution of his ulterior projects, on the 17th tle town of Malioardslavitz. It was found ordered General Lauriston, with his advanced necessary to march after him, and obstruct guard, to place himself behind the defile of his intentions. The Viceroy received orders Winkowo, in order that his movements might to march. not be perceived.

Delzon's division arrived on the 23d, at six After Moscow had ceased to exist, the in the evening, on the left bank, took possesEmperor had determined either to abandon this sion of the bridge, and caused it to be re. heap of ruins, or only to occupy the Kremlin paired. In the night between the 234 and with 3000 mon; but the Kremlin, after fiiteen 24ch the Russian division arrived in the town, days' labour, was not judged sufficiently strong and took possession of the heights on the to be abandoned for iwenty or thirty days to right bank, which are extremely advantaits own forces. It would have weakened and -geous. incommoded the army in its movements, On the 24th, at day-break, the battle without giving a great advantage. If we commenced. During this time the enerny's wisned to protect Moscow from the beggars army appeared quite entire, and took a posi. and plunderers, 20,000 nen would have been tion behind the town. The divisions Del. necessary. Moscow is at present a truly un zon, Broussier, and Pino, and the Italian healthy and impure sink. A population of guards were successively engaged. 200,000 wandering in the neighbouring This engagement does the greatest bonour woods, dying with hunger, come to these to che Viceroy, and the 4th corps of the ruins, to seek what remains, and vegetables army. Two-thirds of the enemy's army in the gardens, to support life. It appeared were engaged to maintain his position ; but useless to compromise any thing whatever for this was in vain, for the town was taken as an object which was of no military impor. well as the heights. tance, and which has now become of no poli. The enemy retreated so precipitately that Lical importance. All the magazines which he was obliged to throw twenty pieces of can

non into the river. Towards night, Mar. shal Prince Eckmuhl debouched with his corps, and all the army was in battle with its artillery on the 25th, in the position which the enemy occupied the night before.

The Emperor moved his head-quarters on the 24th, to the village of Ghorodnia. At seven in the morning six thousand Cossacks, who had stepped into the wood, made a ge neral buzzz in the rear of his position, and took six pieces of cannon which were parked. The Duke of Istria set off a gallop with all the horse guards : this horde was sabred, brou glit back, and thrown into the river; the artillery it had taken was recovered, and several of his waggons were captured ; six hundred of these Cossacks were killed, wounded, or taken ; thirty men of the guards were wounded, and three killed.

The General of division Count Rapp, had a horse killed under him ; the intrepidity of which this General has given so many proofs, is shown on every occasion. At the commencement of the charge, the Cossack officers called the Guard, which they remembered, Muscadins de Paris (Paris Dainties). The Major-general of Dragoons, Letort, distinguished himself. At eight o'clock, order was re-established.

The Emperor marched to Maloiardslavitz, reconnoitred the position of the enemy, and ordered an attack for the next morning ; but in the night, the enemy retreated. Prince Eckmuhl followed him for six hours.

The Emperor chen let him go, and directed the movement upon Vereja.

On the 26th head-quarters were at Borowsk, and on the 27th at Vereja.

Prince Eckmuhl is to- night at Borowsk; the Duke of Elchingen at Mujaisk.

It is beautiful weather, the roads are excellent; it is the end of autumn ; this weather will last eight days longer; and at that period we shall have arrived in our new position.

In the battle of Maloiardslavitz, the Italian guard distinguished itself. It took the position, and maintained it.

The General Baron Delzons, a distinguish ed otficer, was killed with three balls. . Our loss was 1300 men killed or wounded ; that of the enemy's 6 of 7000. We found on the

ve found on the field of battle 1700 Russians, amongst whom were 1100 recruics, dressed in grey jackets, having hardly served two months.

The old Russian infantry is destroyed ; the Russian army would have no consistence but for the numerous reinforcements of Cossacks recently arrived from the Don. Well informed persons assure us, that in the Russian infantry the first rank only is composed of soldiers, and that the second and third ranks are filled with recruits and militia, and who, notwithstanding the promises made tbem, are incorporated.

'The Russians had three generals killed. General Couas Pino was slightly wounded.

Twenty-eigbeb Bulletin.

Smolensko, Nov. 11. The imperial head-quarters were, on the 1st of November, at Viasma, and on the oth at Smolensk. The weather was very fine up to the 6th, but on the 7th winter began. The ground is covered with snow. The roads have become very slippery, and very difficult for carriage horses. We have lost many men by cold and fatigue; night bivouacking is very injurious to them.

Since the battle of Maloiardslavitz, the advanced guard has scen no or her eveny than the Cossacks, who, like the Arabs, pour upon the fianks, and fly about to annoy.

On the 2d, at two in the afternoon, 12,000 Russian infantry, covered by a cloud of Cossacks, intercepted the communication, a league's distance from Visma, between the Prince of Eckmuhl and the Viceroy. The Prince of Eckmuhl and the Viceroy marched upon this column, drove it from the road, and overthrew it in the wood, took a Majorgeneral, with a good number of prisoners, and carried off six pieces of cannon ; since that time we have not again seen the Russian infantry, but only Cossacks.

Since the bad weather, from the 6th, we have lost more than 3000 carriage horses, and pearly 100 of our caissons bave been dea stroyed.

General Wittgenstein having been rein. forced by the Russian divisions from Finland, and by a great number of troops from the militia, attacked, on the 18th of October, Marshål Gouvion St. Cyr; he was repulsed by that Marshal and General Wrede, who took more than 3000 prisoners, and covered the field of battle with his dead.

On the 20ch, Marshal Gouvion St. Cyr having been informed that Marshal the Duke of Belluno, with the 9th corps, was march. ing to reinforce him, repassed the Dwina, and marched to meet him, in order, on having effected a junction with him, to fight Wittgenstein, and oblige him to repass the Dwina.

Marshal Gouvion St. Cyr bestows the highest eulogiums upon his troops. The Swiss division distinguished itself by its sangfroid and bravery. for

Colonel Gaehenew, of the 26th regiment of light infantry, was wounded. Marshal St. Cyr received, a ball in the foot ; Marshal the Duke of Reggio has arrived to replace liim, and retaken the command of the 2d corps.

Twenty-ninth Bulletin.

Molodetschno, Dec, 3. To the 6th of November the weather was fine, and the movements of the army executed with the greatest success. The cold weather began on the 7th; from that moment we every night lost several hundred horses, that died in consequence of bivouacking. Arrived at Smolensko, we had already lost many cavalry and asuillery horses.

The The Russian army from Volhynia was op- roy, before whom they were placed, and lost posed to our right. Our right left the Minsk many men. line of operations, and took for the pivot of The Duke of Elchingen, with 3000 men, its operations the Warsaw line.

had blown up the ramparts at Smolensko. On the 9th, the emperor was informed, at He was surrounded, and found himself in a Smolensko, of this change in the line of ope- critical position, but he extricated himself racions, and conceived what the enemy would from it with that intrepidity for which he is do. However bard it appeared for him to put distinguished. After having kept the enemy himself in movement during so cruel a sea. at a distance from him during the whole day son, the new state of things demanded it. of the 18th, and constantly repulséc hmm, at He expected to arrive at Minsk, or at least night he made a movement on tbe right, upon the Beresina, before the enemy. On passed the Borysthenes, and deceived all the the 13th he quitted Smolensko; on the 16th calculations of the enemy. be slepc at Krasnoi.

On the 19th the army passed the Boryst. The cold, which began on the 7ih, sud- henes at Orza, and the Russian army being denly increased, and on the 14th, 13th, and fatigued, and having lost a great number of 16th, the thermometer was 16 and 18 degrees men, ceased from its attempts. below the freezing point.

The army of Volhynia had inclined, on The roads were covered with ice, the ca. the loth, upon Minsk, and marched upon valry, artillery, and baggage horses, perished Borisow. General Dombrowski defended the every night, not only by hundreds, but by bridge head of Borisow with 3000 men. On thousands, particularly the German and the 23d he was forced and obliged to evacuate French horses.

this position. In a few days more than 30,000 horses pe. The enemy then passed the Beresina, rished; our cavalry were on foot; our artillery marching upon Bobr; the division Lambert and our baggage were without conveyance. formed the advanced guard. The 2d corps,

It was necessary to abandon and destroy commanded by the Duke of Reggio, which a good part of our cannon, ammunition, and was at Tocherin, had received orders to march provisions.

upon Borisow, to secure to the army the pas. This army, so fine on the 6th, was very sage of the Beresina. On the 24th the Duke different on the 14th, almost without ca of Reggio met the division Lambert four valry, without artillery, without transports.leagues from Borisow, attacked and defeated Without cavalry we could not reconnoitre a it, took 2000 prisoners, six pieces of cannon, quarter of a league's distance ; without artil 500 baggage waggons of the army of Volhy, lery we could not risk a battle, and firmly nia, and threw the enemy on the right bank of á wait it; it was requisite to march, in order the Beresina. not to be constrained to a battle, which the General Berkeim, with the 4th cuirassiers, want of ammunition prevented us from distinguished himself by a fine charge. doing; it was requisite to occups a certain The enemy could only secure his safety by space not to be turned, and that 100 without burning the bridge, which is more than 300 cavalry, which led and connected the con toises in length. lumns. This difficulty, joined to a cold, Nevertheless the enemy occupied all the which suddenly came on, rendered our situa. passages of the Beresina ; this river is 40 tion miserable.Those men whom nature had toises wide ; it had much floating ice on it, but not sufficiently fortified to be above all the its banks are covered with marshes, so toises chances of fate and fortune, appeared shook, long, which present obstacles in clearing it. lost their gaiety, their good humour, and The enemy's general had placed his four dreamed but of misfortunes and catastrophes: divisions at the different debouches, where be those whom she has created superior to every presumed the French army would attempt to thing, preserved their gaiety and their ordin pass. nary manners, and saw fresh glory in the dif. On the 26th, at break of day, the emperor, ferent difficulties to be surmounted.

after having deceived the enemy by different The enemy, who saw upon the roads traces movements made during the day of the 25th, of that frightful calamity which had over- marched upon the village of Scudzeanca, and taken the French army, endeavoured to take caused in spite of an enemy's division, and advantage of it. He surrounded all the co- in its presence, two bridges to be thrown over lumns with his Cossacks, who carried off, like the river. The Duke of Reggio passed, atthe Arabs in the deserts, the trains and car. tacked the enemy, and led him fighting two riages which separated. This contemptible hours; the enemy retired upon the téte-du. cavalry, which only makes noisc, and is not pont of Borisow. capable of penetrating through a company of General Legrand, an officer of the first-rate vuitigeurs, rendered themselves formidable merit, was badly, but not dangerously, by favour of certain circumstances. Never- wounded. theless, the enemy had to repent of all the The Duke of Belluno, commanding the 9th serious attempts which he wished to under corps, had received orders to follow the movetuke; they were overthrown by the Vicen mcat of the Duke of Reggio, to form the rear

guard,

guard, and keep in check the Russian army The next day (the 29th) we remained on from the Dwina, which followed him. Por- the field of battle. We had to make our taunaux's division formed, the rear-guard of choice between two routes, that to Minsk and this corps. On the 27th at noon the Duke that to Wilna. The road to Minsk led through of Belluno arrived with two divisions at the the middle of a forest and of uncultivated bridge of Studezi anca.

marshes, where it was impossible for the army Portaunaux's division set out at night from to subsist itself. On the contrary, the road Borisow. A brigade of this division, which to Wilna led through a very fine country, formed the rear-guard, and which was charged The army being without cavalry, deficient in with burning the bridges, marched at seven ammunition, and horribly fatigued by fitty in the evening. It arrived between ten and days' marchi, carrying in its train all the sick eleven o'clock;-it sought its first brigade and wounded of so many batoles, stood greatly and its general, who had departed two hours in need of getting to its magazines. before, and which it had not met with in its On the Soth the head-quarters were at Toute. His researches were in vain ;-some Plech nitsi; on the 1st of December at Siaike ; uneasiness was then conceived.

and on the 3d at Molodetschna, where the All we have since been able to learn is, army received the first convoys from Wilna. that this first brigade set out at five o'clock, All the wounded officers and soldiers, and missed its way at six, went to the right in whatever else cou'd be of embarrassment, place of proceeding to the left, and marched with the baggage, &c. were sent off to Wilna. two or three leagues in this direction ; that, To say that the army stands in need of reduring the night, and benumbed with cold, it establishing its discipline, of refreshing itself, rallied at seeing the enemy's fires, which it of remounting its cavalry, completing its artilmistook for those of the French army. Thus lery, and its materials--this is the result of surrounded it was taken. This cruel mistake the Exposé which has just been made. Its must have caused us a loss of 2000 infantry, repose is of the first necessity. The materials 300 cavalry, and three pieces of artillery. and the horses are coming in; Gen. Boureier Reports state, that the General of Division has already more than 20,000 remount horses was not with his column, and had marched alone. in different depots.

All the army having passed on the morn. The artillery has already repaired its losses. ing of the 28th, the Duke of Belluno guarded -The generals, officers, and soldiers, have the tête-du-pone upon the left bank; the Duke suffered greatly froin want. Numbers have of Reggio, and behind him all the army, was lost their baggage by the loss of their horses, upon the right bank.

and several by the effect of the Cossacks?am. Borisow having been evacuated, the armies bushes. The Cossacks have taken nuinbers of the Dwina and Volhynia communicated; of isolated persons, of geographical engineert, they planned an attack on the 28th, at break who were taking positions, and of unattended of day. The Duke of Reggio caused the em. oicers, who were marching without precauperor to be informed that he was attacked. tion, preferring running the risk to marching Half an hour afterwards the Duke of Belluno slowly, and going with the convoys. was so on the left bank.

The reports of the general officers com. The Duke of Elchingen immediately fol. manding the different corps will make known lowed the Duke of Reggio, and the Duke what officers and soldiers have chiefly distinof Treviso the Duke of Elchingen. The guished themselves, and the details of their battle became warm. The enemy wishing to memorable events. turn our right, Gen. Doumere, commanding In all these movements the emperor has the 5th division of Cuirassiers, which made been continually marching in the middle of part of the 2d corps that remained on the his guards. The cavalry commanded by MarDwina, ordered a charge of cavalry, by the shal Duke of Istria, and the infantry com. 4ch and Sch regiments of Cuirussiers, at the manded by the Duke of Dantzic. moment when the legion of the Vistula was His Majesty has been well satisfied with engaged in the woods, to pierce the centre of the fine spiric shewn by his guards. They the enemy, who was defeated and put to the have always been ready to shew themselves rout, with the enemy's cavalry, which came every where that their presence was needful; to the assistance of its infantry. Six thousand but circuinstances have always been such that prisoners, two standards, and six pieces of their appearances alone was sufficient, and cannon, fell into our bands.

that they never were in a case that required Ou his side, the Duke of Belluno vigorous. them to charge. Jy charged the enemy, defeated him, took The prince of Neufchatel, the grand mar. from 5 to 600 prisoners, and did not suffer slial, the grand equerry, and all the aides-dehim to advance within the reach of the can- camp and military officers of the household, non oi the bridge. Gen. Fournier made a fine have always accompanied his Majesty. charge of cavalry.

Our cavalry was dismounted to such a de. In the batile of the Beresina, the army of gree, that it was necessary to collect the offVolbynia suffered much. The Duke of cers, who had still a horse remaining, in order Reggio was wounded, but his wound is not to form four companies of 150 men each, dangerous. He received a ball in his s de. The generals there performed the functions of captains, and the colonels those of subal three in the afternoon, the enemy advancing, ferns. This sacred squadron, commanded by The thickness of the fog prevented him from General Grouchy, and under the orders of the ascertaining his numbers, who kept marching King of Naples, did not lose sight of the em. forwards till they were close to our batteries. peror in all these movements. The health The enemy attempting in vain to pierce of his Majesty was never better.

througb our lines, received, at the distance of On the 19th Napoleon arrived at Paris. two hundred and fifty paces, a general dis

charge of musketry and of forty pieces of RUSSIAN BULLETINS.

cannon: the effect of this fire upon the enemy The Commander-in-Chief, General Field-Mar. was extremely fatal. Finding he had no hope sal Prince Kutusoff, from the bead-quarters at of escaping, he at length sent a flag of truce Ebe village of Dubrovo, submits to his Imperial to General Millaradovitch. At midnight the Majesty the two following Reports :

whole corps d'armée of the enemy, amountFirst Report, dated the 1875 of November. ing to 12,000 men, were obliged to lay down

After the battle near Viasma, on the their arms. All their artillery, in qumber 220 October, my army made every effort to twenty-seven pieces of cannon, all the bag. turn, if not all the enemy's corps, at least gage and military chests, were the fruits of its advanced guard, on the road from Jelna our victory. In the number of prisoners are to Krasnoi, in which it completely succeeded above one hundred officers of different ranks. on the 17th and 18th November.

Marshal Ney was wounded, but saved him The 16th November, the army made a self by flight, and was pursued by the Cos movement by advancing five wersts, as far as sacks beyond the Dnieper. The loss of the the town of Krasnoi. The advanced guard enemy is enormous: according to the report fell in with the enemy, who were completely of the prisoners, four generals of division defeated by Lieut.-general Ouverow. On this were wounded. We have not lost above 500 occasion, we became masters of one standard, meo in killed and wounded. some cannon, and made a great number of The army is at present at Krasnoi, and the prisoners, one of whom was a general. advanced guard at Dowbrowna, from whence

General Millarodovitch, commanding the we shall follow the movements of the enemy. advanced guard, with the 2d light corps of General Platoff informis me, by a private infantry, and the ed of cavalry, perceiving letter annexed, that the enemy left behind the corps commanded by Marshal Davoust him, seventeen wersts from Smolensko, a advance near Krasnoi, detached thither great quantity of artillery, amounting to Lieutenant general Prince Galitzin. The 113 pieces. enemy, conceiving himself turned on all Letter of General Count Plaroff to ibe General sides, began to defend himself. Our artillery Field-Marsbal, dased 17b Nov. made a terrible carnage in the enemy's ranks. After the signature of my report to your Napoleon himself was an eye witness of the Highness, Captain Parkin arrived with the battle, and, not waiting for the issue, he fled rations, and states, that, at the distance of witb his whole suite to the village of seventeen wersts trom Smolensko, in the Liadam, and abandoned the corps of Davoust. great road, he had counted 11% canon, be

The battle lasted the whole day; the sides a great number of tumbrils and carriages. enemy were completely defeated and dis. I am not able to send your Highness a report persed in the neighbouring wood, for a dis. in form, not having received ic from the gotance of five wersts along the banks of the vernor of Smolensko. I join the unanimous Dnieper thus the corps of General Davoustvoice of the croops in pronouncing, Heurta! has been completely destroyed. The loss in your most Screne Higbness! killed and wounded is immense. We have

POLAND made prisoners two generals, fifty-eight of

This country is again restored to the ficers of different ranks, 9,170 men, seventy cannon, three standards, and taken the bâton of Marshal Davoust.

be the fixed purpose of Napoleon to add On the 17th November, being informed to it all the Russian provinces which lie that the corps of Marshal Ney, forming tlic on the Baltic, as an equivalent for the rear-guard of the enerny, was moving in the provinces in possession of his ally the road leading to Krasnoi, I made the following Emperor of Austria. This latter empire dispositions :

is also to be further enlarged by the proSecond Report.

vinces of Moldavia, Wallachia, and Bese In order to obtain a certain victory over sarabia. so, as to give to Austrin some Marshal Ney, and to cut off entirely his com

ports on the Black Sea, and make that munication with the rest of the army, I P

he empire, and regenerated Puland, powerreinforced General Millaradovitch with the 8th corps, giving him orders to prevent the

ful Barriers against future encroachments Marshal's advance, and to take a position near of Russia on southern Europe. Such the villages Syroherenic and Tcherniska. are the other projected results of this Major-general Louri ouski perceived, about extraordinary war!

« ZurückWeiter »