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chasers nearly choaked up the street! which terminated with the life of a Of course, it was as easy by his mode of person of seventy years of age, was calculation to make the number fifty as of equal value with a farm, which profurty thousand. We resolved, therefore, duced the same annual income.' But all like most other traders, to set off our annuities are inferior in value to land, as paper also to the best advantage, and the number of years' purchase clearly de. instantly changed our first Billinto “ Of- monstrate; and life annuities bear no frcial accounts of the total destruction of proportion to any species of property in the French Army in Russia, with the loss the soil. It is sufficient to say, that the of fifty thousand men, all their cannon, general price of land in England is about buggage, - Bonaparte surrounded, thirty years' purchase, whereas an anMurat killed, &c." The bait took, and nuity for life only, even for a young perve (urned the tables on our illiberal son, cannot be sold for above sixteen rival. His office was deserted, our's was times its annual income. crowded for the remainder of the evene These are both property, aggregately ing; and, on a subsequent comparison, considered: supposing then the land to we find we sold above (welve hundred be worth one hundred pounds a year, extra papers, while our rival did not sell the real value would be three thousand an extra five hundred; and, as we hoth pounds. Again, suppose the annuity to distanced every other paper in the qua- be one hundred pounds, at sixteen times lity and quantity of our news, none of the annual income, that is, sixteen years' them sold an extra score, though every purchase, the real value would be six. paper contained the same official docu- teen hundred pounds. These two unments, and precisely the same intelli- equal properties pay the saine sum to the gence!
public, under the terin Property-tax. Let your fool-hardy sticklers for truth, But this is not all; for, by the facts unless indeed they are of that perverse stated in the hypothetical case, it apo face wlio prefer martyroom to happiness, pears, that the farin increases in value in tell me what they woula have done under proportion to the diminution in the va. similar circumstances? The anecdote, at lue of money, as every article produced least, prores, that there is nothing pecu- upon it advances in money price : liar in the alleged venality of News- whereas the income of the annuitant is papers, and that their policy is akin to of less and less value to him, as he inust that of other traders, who set off their pay more money for every article he goods to the best advantage, endea- consucies, vour to gratify the poblic, and make the This is a direct depression of his conmost of their time, talents, and capital. dition in the world; and the consequences
A NEWSPAPER PROPRIETOR.* show that this has been the case, by the Dec. 8, 1812.
necessity under which the governinent
has been to raise the salaries of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magusine. judges, and of all other annuitants, who SIR,
bad power vr influence sufficient to com. D y the hypothetical case inserted in mand attention.
D your last, it seens to be proved, that It appears strange that the discerning taxes are the sole cause of the diminution minds of Mr. Pitt, Mr. Fox, and their of the value of the circulating medium in successors, should not perceive the efany country. Among the taxes which fects of this mode of taxation, especially levy money direçuy from the pockets of as these two enlightened ministers derived individuals, what is called the Property. almost their whole support from life ano tax is the principal. But in this ias, 'it nuities. Either they did not perceive the certainly is not the aggregate of any per- impropriety, or disregarded its conseson's property, but i be actual income, quences upon themselves. which forms the rule for payment. The T he misapprehension seems to lie in terms property and income are confound
the vulgar error, that the proprietors of ed; for, if it were aggregate property
the soil are a distinct body, not concerned which was intended to be taxed, no man in any trade. Froin what is stated in the in his senses could say that an annuity, hypothetical case, this appears to be a
gross mistake; for, so far from being un* We insert the above as a curiosity in concerned in trade, they are the greatest ratiocination, and assure our readers that we of all merchants, and, like other traders, feel, in regard to it, exactly as we suppose always exact from purchasers the value they cannot fail to do. EDIT.
of the duties which affect them. They MONTHLY MAG. No. 237.
overhanging its whole base in the most tiago, and secretary of the household of threateniny manner, Sitting under the Dom Jorge, Duke of Coimbra; and of cover of this huge canopy, a shelter from Mexia Froes l'arella, who gave to their the storm, the most interesting sketch, children that education which the no(for a single view,) of the whole Scar may bility of their birth demanded. Froes be taken. The sweep of the cliff, incloe followed the profession of arms, whilst sing it on the opposite side, is serpen. Antonio entered upon those studies, tie; the fine swell, like a round tower, which afterwards conduced so much to of one part of it, itself a fine object, his own advancement and the bonour of tare, and of the perpendicular height of Portugal. 300 feet, appears to shut up this circular The University of Coimbra was, at ebasmı, by nearly joining with the oppo- that time, in a rery flourishing state, and, site side. The colour of this cliff is more for its complete re-establishment, the cheertul, particularly as the sun sbines on most able masters in every department it; a variety of trees overhang the precio of literature had been invited by the King pice, and are seen on the ledges on its Dom Joao II. To this seminary, Ansirles. Finely situated in the interval tonio was sent by his parents to perfect where these opposite sides nearly meet, himself in the Belles lettres, and attend a waterfall is seen midway dashing among lectures in jurisprudence; studies then large limestunes, through which it breaks generally associated. its way, over a bright yellow earth, till Under the immediate care of Diogo de it forms the transparent stream at the Teive, who filled the second chair of plibottom.
Jology, he studied the histories of antiWalking farther into this first chasm, quity, and the works of the Greek and we are very agreeably surprised by the Roman poets; and it is probable, that it view of another cascade, a story Ingler, was at this time he became attached to in an inner recess or chasm. This second the writings of Horace, whose style he chasın is much smaller, and also nearly afterwards closely imitated. His progress round, but is only less remarkable than was rapid, and his gratitude for the atthe first, by being of less dimensions. tentions of his tutor never deserted hirm; Its area, to which we climb up the rocks on the contrary, he has frequently men tlırough which the water breaks its way, tioned him in terms equally honourable is level with the top of the waterfall first to the master and the scholar, seen, and is then not flat, but filled To write elegantly in Latin was, at with masses of rock that appear to have this period, esteemed, by the University fallen.
and the kingdom at large, as one of the In this recess, the water enters the most desirable accomplishments. In Scar through a hole near the top, arched this language, Dingo de Teive was emiin a rude way, and makes a fall among nently skilled; and it is a circumstance the huge stones with which this chasm much to the credit of Ferreira, that, in is filled, nearly as high as the one into the this particular instance, he dissented from larger chasm, which is here seen below the prevailing opinion. He stemmed us.
the torrent of custom, presenting, #3 To any travellers making these caves Diogo Bernardes says, “ so many beaupart of their route, I should recommend tilul verses to his country, and all in its their being at Malham, in the morning, own proper language. This circun. as this is a very small place, and the ac- stance also gained him the praise of commodation not very good. They Francisco de Sá de Miranda, who had might leave this place in the afternoon; previously adopted this measure, and so as to reach Ingleton to sleep. This is whose steps Ferreira pursued, Not con. a neat village, and they may be very tent with setting the example, he also comfortable at the Bay-borse for two or forcibly recommends the practice. lo three days, which may be well employed in the neighbourhood.
* Eclogue v. Letter iv, Book ?. Noo. 21, 1812. John SCALES.
+ " A patria tantos versos raros, For the Monthly Magazine.
Hum só nunca the deo em lingui
alheia." MEMORANDA LUSITANICA; by JOHN
Elegia na Morte de Ferreira ADAMSON.
$ Sonnet xxxii. Book 2 Ode 1. Book 1. Antonio Ferreira.
wherein he expects the Portuguese poets to THIS poet, who was born at Lisbon cultivate their own language. Letter
1 in 1528, was the son of Marrim Book 1, to Pero de Condrade Caminha; 4933 Ferreira, a knight of the order of San- Letter x, Book %, to D. Simao de Silveira.
a letter to Caminha, he thus describes biassed in the distribution of justice. The the Portuguese language:
friends of his youih were Ilie friends of Floreça, fale, cante, onça-se e viva,
his whole life.' Francisco de Sá de Me. A Portugueza lingua, e já onde for
nezes, SA de Miranda, and Diogo De Senhora va de sé soberba, e altiva
Teive, were by him denominated his Se te qui esteve baixa, e sem louvor, masters; and the perusal of his works Culpa lhe dos que a mal exercitarao, will shew, that the first and best poets Esquecimento nosso, e desamor.
of the age were his intimates, and that Warmed with the glorious design of monarchis, princes, and nobles, were enobling his national language by bis com- alike his patrons and friends. positions, he eagerly pursued his inclin E njoying the most inarked distinctions, nation; a feeling, which he cherished and the highest reputation, he was cut from his earliest years, and from which off in his forty-first year, by the plague, he received the purest delight. In the
which in 1569 raged in Lisbon; an event epigrani, which forms the preface to the
universally regretted, but more particufirst part of bis verses, be thus expresses
Jarly lamented by those who had par. himself:
taken of his friendship. He was buried "Eu deste gloria só fico contente,
in the cross of the Convento do Carmo, Que a minha terra amei, e a minha gerfte.
in Lisbon, and a monument erecied to
his memory. The poets, who were his This is my boast--the sweet content I feel,
contemporaries, mourned over his death That I have lov'd my country and her weal.” in elegies and sonnets, while historians,
Having taken his degree of Doctor of and other writers, are loud and lavish in Civil Law, he obtained a professorship his praise, * at Cniinbra, whence be went to Lisbon The writings of Antonio Ferreira con. to enrer upon the office of Desembargador sist of almost every species of minor na Relaçao. From this period he re. poetical composition-Castro, a tragedy; ceived repeated marks of royal favour, and two comedies, in prose. He liad, it was made Desembargador da Casa da appears, so early as his twenty-nintha Sapplicaçao, instituted by Jono I. and year, corrected and arranged them for appointed a Fidalgo of the royal house publication; and his first sonnet was to hold.
have been the preface to the volume. Although the services of the King pre- This collection did not contain all his vented him from giving that attention to works; many of them, and particularly the Muses which he would otherwise his Tragedy, were the fruits of his ma. have done, he never entirely deserted turer years. They remained in manuthem. Many of his letters are dated script until 1598, when his son Miguel from Lisbon, and were inost probably Leite Ferreira, edited and published them written after his advancement. .lle had in a quarto volume, at Lisbon, at the married previously to his quitting Coim- press of Pedro Crasbeeck, with a dedia bra; and, in a letter, written to his friend cation to Philip, the usurper of the Por. Manoel de Sampayo," before he com- tuguese throne. This edition embraced menced his journey, he paints, in lively only his poetical works; his comedies colours, the Svely retireinent of that being previously published by his son, city, and his preference of quiet enjoy- jointly with those of Sá de Miranda, in ment at a distance from the court, to the 1622. The greater part of the poems of honours which awaited him. From his Ferreira were composed in his youth, marriage, sprung one son, Miguel Leite particularly his sonnets, in many of which Ferreira, the future editor of his father's he directs his discourse w the Mondego, works, and whose lender age, at bis de in these compositions we have the bistory cease, precluued him from receiving the of the altachments which engaged his attentions, or knowing the virtues of his youthful mind, and in which lie was una parent.
fortunate. The object of his first attachIf the writings of men betray the se- ment, the stages of which may be traced crets of their breasts, none represent this author more faithfully than those of
* Antonio des Reis no Enthusiasmo Pod Ferreira. His manners were such, as a
etico.-Nicolao Antonio. Bibl. Hisp. Tom. i. good disposition generally imbibes from
p. 93.-Manoel Severin de Faria, Disc, da cultivation of talent, and from literature.
Ling. Port p. 82.- abbade Diogo Barbosa Ile was humane and gentle, yet un- Machado na Bibl. Lusit. Tom. i. p. 472.-
Candido Lusitano no Disc. prel, a sua Trad. @bras de Ferreira, Letter x, Book 1. Porte da Post. de Horacio, &c.
from the earliest of his sonnets, up to Amo vive este corpo sem sua alma? the forty-fifth, resided at Lisbon; and to Ah que o caminho tu bem me mostraste, her were written some of the sweetest of Porque correste a gloriosa palma! our poet's strains. Why this connection Triste de quem nað mereceo seguir-te! was broken off we are not informed; but
IONNLT. it appears, by the following sonnet, that Pure soul, which now more pure in Hearia he had recovered that liberty, which he
art rais'd, was again soon doomed to lose, and as
Why dost thou treat me thus with cool soon almost to weep the death of the
disdain, lady who had ensnared his heart.
And why so harshly view thy lover's pain; GONETO.
Of which thou once approv'dst and oft hast A ti torno, Mondego, claro rio,
prais'd? Com outr'alma, outros olhos, e outra vida: Say, hast thou not a thousand times profest. Que foi de tanta lagrima perdida,
And, thee believing, been my soul secure, Quanto em ti me levou hum desvariu ?
That the same hour of deatb's dark night Quando en co rosto descorado, e frio
obscure, Soltava a voz chorosa, e nunca ouvida Should lead us both to days of happy rest. Daquella mais que serra endurecida,
Ah! why then leave me thus imprison'd A cuja lembrança inda tremo, e esfrio,
here? Doc'engano d'amor ! que m'escondia
And how could'st thou alone thy flight Debaixo de väs sombras, que passaram
pursue, Outro ditoso fim, qu' alma já via,
While I still linger'd in existence drear? ja á minha noite amantreceo hum dia,
Too well, alas! tbou shew'st the reason crue, la rim os olhos, que tanto choráram ;
Thy virtues rare the glorious palm obtain, Já reponso em boa piz, boa alegria.
While I, less pure, must sorrowtul remain. SOXNET. To thy lov'd streams, Mondego! I return His eclogues were also the produc
with renovated life and eyes now clear tions of his juvenile years, while he yet
How fruitless in thy waters fell the tear, wandered along the banks of the Mette When Love's delirium did wich me sojourn!
dego, as was his comedy of Bristo, which When I, with face betraying anguish deep, he dedicated to the Prince Dom Joao. And hollow voice and unsuspecting ear, The death of this prince happening ja
Knew not the canger of the mountain's steep 1554, Ferreira wrote bis letter, wherein, Wherein I stoud-of which my soul with
in the name of the whole nation, he confear
gratulates the king, Dom Joao III. on The mem'ry chills; seducing wiles of love! The fortitude with wbich he bore this ”Neath what vain shadows did you hide my stroke of fate. fate
Sá de Miranda had introduced the sonShadows, that swiftly pass*d the nappe net, elegy, and Horatian epistle; and to
state, That now my breast enjoys ; now peace I these were added, the epigrann, ode, and
epithalainium by Ferreira, prove; For smiling day succeeds the clouds of night, The comedies of Bristo and O Cioso, And sweet repose, and joys, and prospects or the jealous man, are written with abi. bright!
lity if we look to the period in which they
were produced; but it is upon his trage. The lady, whose early death our poet
me dy that the fame of Ferreira princi, Jaments throughout the second Book of my! Sonners, was Maria Pimentel, a native of pally rests. The story of the beautiful
and unfortunate Dona Ignez de Castro Oporto, as his fifty-second Sommet informs us. The following is selected as a spe
is too well known to weed any comment:
upon this is founded the tragedy of Fercimen of bis anguish at the event.
reira, a wonderful performance, display. SONETO. O alma pura, em quanto cá vivias,
ing the atteniion he bad paid to the Alma lá onde vives já mais pura,
rules of the Grecian drama. He is Porque me desprezaste? quem tam dura said to have taken Trissino for his * Te tomon ao amor, que me devias?
model, and to have followed him in the Isto era, o que mil vezes promettias,
verso sriollo, in wbich that author wrote.
The Sofonisba of Trissino was the first Em que minh'alma estava tan segura,
Que ambos juntos hūa hora desta escura, tragedy of modern tiines, and the only Noite nos soberia aos claros dias ?
one prior to the Castro of Ferreira, who Coino em tam tuste carcer me deixaste? has far exceeded the Italian in sweetness Cuma pude cu sem mim deixar partis-te? of composition. On this production
Dingo Bernardes wrote a beautiful sonnet most desirable acquisitions to our mo. to him, to which he made a modest and dern celestial globe. There was such a suitable reply..
globe in Queen Anne's reign, though I An enlarged and improved edition of have not been so fortunate as 10 dieet his works issued from the press at the ex. with it. This appears by an advertise pense of Du Beux, at Lisbon, in 1771, ment in the Tailer. 2 vols. 8vo. comprising the whole of his I am most perfectly willing to adopt writings.
the Antelopes, but those milt and peace
able aniinals would not expel others; the To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine.
Peacock I hope is suffered to remain.
The train of the Comet of last year, in SIR,
October last, had very much the appear. I BEG to say a word or two on Mr. auce of the train of a Peacock studded | Colquitt's Description of his New with stars. Giobes.
I love reform; but in all reform let us Of Eridanus, or Auriga' and Bootes, see what it is that we pull down, and what and many other constellations, I had we build in its room. formerly proposed to change the names, On a globe with mere outlines, circumor rather to retain them and add the scribing the constellations without figures, names of the cultivators of Astronomy, as the paths of Comets would best be deli. syuonyms are in botany. So far I am glad neated. to find it either adopted from iny bint, Juries.--For more than these thirty or simultaneously imagined, as the jutro. years I have been an advocate for the duction of the names of the Fathers of real unanimity of juries. And I very Astronomy. But, if beautiful animals early reasoned against the mischief of are to be adopted into the heavens, why determining by a majority of voices. not introduce the greyhounds, who are The proper legal address of the officer to among the most beautiful, and by their the jury is, before he records the verdict, swiftness are happily symbolical. And, “This is your verdict; and so you say surely, after a possession of between two all." Not a verdict of compromise, but and three thousand years, the Hair of the verdict of each juror. 'In criininal Berenice ought not now to be displaced. cases, a verdict of a majority, and that,
The Prism of Newton I had proposed necessarily undefined and unknown, is to place near the great Telescope of Her. most dangerous, and would very likely schel, where there is a cluster of unforme end in being actually the verdict of one ed stars well adapted to its outline. If or two, Sagacity and Fidelity are worthy of their Astronomical Hints --Above 6 Serpenplace in heaven, if Egyptian Astronomy tarius, is a very remarkable nebulu,, which be entitled to a memorial, I plead for on the 4th of last month I took' for a Canis Major and Minor, Why Ce, Corpet. It is long, brilliant, and not disphesus, Cassiopeia, Perseus, Andro. sinctly resolvable with any power I have; meda, Hercules, Bootes, Draco, Erida. though I suspect it to be clustered. It nus, Lyra, Aquila, Corvus, should have is very near the equator, and comes near their figures and names retained, I think to the meridian about seven in the I have already given very satisfactory evening. At nine it has an altitude of reasons in a Syrophænician cipher. I about 350; of two stars just on the northe have no objection to adding modern astro. west edge of the Milky Way, it is above nomic names, and thus uniting recent the highest. discovery with ancient remeinbrance. Comet.-Suppose a Comet to have a I must think, if Cor Caroli had Halley period of fifty-two years, then its mean added to it as a synonym, justice would at distance would, as I estimate, be about last be done.
2,700 million of miles; its apbelion I am not for banishing the Triangle :- distance about 5,320 millions; and it without Triangles, where would have been might be expected, by reason of its cone Astronomy? but I am for adding the Cir. densed atmosphere, to he visible as a cle. I approve the restitution of its nebulous star, during great part of its rè. classic name to the Northern Crown, Co. volution. It is therefore highly desirable rona borealis.
to ascertain wbat change of place may, But the paths of the principal Comets, from time to tipe, be observed in those with their nodes and perihelion places, numerous nebula which make a comc after Bode's Chart, would be one of the tary appearance. And this, like other MONTILY Mag. No. 235,