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find sound patrons and that no door

Newspaper proprietors".


to record intelligence as it comes to hand, I wish that prince and rulers, all that guide, true or false, of which we cannot always May be good, and do good, which is God- judge on its arrival. It is equally ne. like:

cessary that we maintain our families, and And that their care appear so to provide,

obtain good interest for our capital, by That those of strength do not the weaker

means of the public patronage. If our strike: The end of rule's from Christian policy,

patrons prefer truth, we have every in. To live in godliness and honesty.

ducement to deal in truth only; but, if

falsehood and eraggeration are the only I wish religion truly pure may grow,

species of news which will pass generally Above profaneness and idolatry;

current, is it to be expected that a News Which strive to nip it, and to keep it low,

paper proprietor should make a useless Throughout the world from the seed's en

sacrifice of himself, his family, and promity; I wish this present government sur.

perty, from a squeamish regard to ab. mount,

stract truth? We have been told from All went before, and that in God's ac the highest law authority, that to pass count.

pleasantly through life, something more wish religion, learning, and the poor,

is requisite than “ the innocence of the May find sound patrons, and that holy life dove;" and in humouring, rather than Make the distinction still, and that no door kicking against, the public prejudices, Be stopt where Christ wauld enter to his the Newspaper proprietors do but add wife;

" the wisdom of the serpent." And that the saints would learn to suffer, In plain language, the Newspapers are where

made to sell ; and the sole rivalry among Nothing can help more than a groen, or the proprietors is naturally directed to tear.

Amen, Amen. The eale. Among na be treatest man ir Whosoever would live long and bless he who possesses the paper of the greatest erliy, let him observe these following rules, sale, and this can only be effected by by which lie shall attain to that which he humouring the public, not in gratifying desireth.

the wise few who form, as the quack

doctors well know, but one in ten of the | Thoughts) Divine, Awful,


Listie, Honest, I will illustrate these positions by one

fact, and I request the sticklers for mere Works

Profitable, Holy, truth, to place therpselves, commercially

speaking, in our situation. A few days Manaers

Grave, Courteous, go, somo Russian and French Bulletins

arrived, detailing additional particulars
Temperate, Conve-

of some battles, the results of wbich had

nieot, Frugal. Let į Apparily bez

been before the public for several weeks; Sober, Neat, Come

but containing also a notice of one new thy

skirmish, in which each of the opposing Confiant, Obedient, Will

Generals alleged that the other had lost

Moderate, Quiet, two thousand men. As John Bull must

be bumoured, the Russian account was, Shoit, Devout, Ofe as a thing of course, preferred; and the

ten, Fervent. paper in which I am a thousand-pound

Lawful, Brief, Sela

proprietor, announced in its window, dom.

i Glorious defeat of the French by the Of Death, Punish


Ruscirne į Memory ]

We printeit soine extra

We [ ment.

papers, and were surprised at having no

exira demand ; till we found that a neighTo the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. bouring rival had added together all the SIR,

alledged losses in all the engagements, old COME of your correspondents, without and wew, and even the figures in the

due consideration, adduce charges duplicate accounts, and had posted a of venality and corrupt misrepresentanon bill " Total Defeat of the French Army, against the Newspapers. It seems, they do with the loss of forly thousand killed, in. not approve of the ongi and continuance cluding Murat, sir thousand prisoners, of the War; but that question can have no und eighty pieces of cannon.We heard permanent influence on the conductors of also, that his presses could not supply ihe epliemeral press. It is our business the demand, and that the crowd of pur.





chasers nearly choaked up the street! which terminated with the life of a Of course, it was as easy by his mode of person of seventy years of age, was. calculation to make the number fifly as of equal value with a farm, which proforty thousand, We resolved, therefore, duced the same annual income." But all Like most other traders, to set off our annuities are inferior in value to land, as paper also to the best advantage, and the number of years' purchase clearly dea instantly changed our first Bill into Of- monstrate; and life annuities bear no ficial accounts of the total destruction of proportion to any species of property in the French Army in Russia, with the loss the soil. It is soficient to say, that the of fifty thousand men, all their cannon, general price of land in England is about buggage, - Bonaparte surrounded, thirty years' purchase, whereas an anMurat killed, &c." The bait took, and nuity for life oply, even for a young pera ve turned the tables on our illiberal son, cannot be sold for above sixteen rival. His office was deserted, our's was times its annual income. crowded for the remainder of the even. These are both property, aggregately jog; and, on a subsequent comparison, considered: supposing then the land to we find we sold above (welve hundred be worth one hundred pounds a year, extra papers, while our rival did not sell the real value would be three thousand an extra five hundred; and, as we hoth pounds. Again, suppose the annuity to distanced every other paper in the qua- be one hundred pounds, at sixteen times lity and quantity of our news, none of the annual income, that is, sixteen years them sold an extra score, though every purchase, the real value would be six. paper contained the same official docu- teen hundred pounds. These two una ments, and precisely the same intelli- equal properties pay the same sum to the gence!

public, under the terin Property tax. Let your fool-hardy sticklers for truth, But this is not all; for, by the facts unless indeed they are of that perverse stated in the hypothetical case, it apo race who prefer martyrdom to happiness, pears, that the farm increases in value in tell me what they would have done under proportion to the diminution in the va. similar circumstances ? The anecdote, at lue of money, as every article produced least, prores, that there is nothing pecu- upon it advances in money price : liar in the alleged venality of News whereas the incoine of the annuitant is papers, and that their policy is akin to of less and less value to him, as he must ibas of other traders, who set off their pay more money for every article he goods to the best advantage, endea- consudies, vour to gratify the poblic, and make the 'This is a direct depression of his conmost of their time, talents, and capital. dition in the world; and the consequences

A NEWSPAPER PROPRIETOR. * show that this bas been the case, by the Dec. 8, 1812.

necessity under which the government

has been to raise the salaries of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, judges, and of all other annuitants, who SIR,

had power or influence sufficient (o com. D Y the hypothetical case inserted in mand attention. D your last, it seeins to be proved, that It appears strange that the discerning taxes are the sole cause of the diminution minds of Mr. Pirt, Mr. Fox, and their of the value of the circulating medium in successors, should not perceive the efe any country. Among the taxes which fects of this mode of taxation, especially levy mouey directly from the pockets of as these two enlightened ministers derived individuals, what is called the Property. almost their whole support from life an. tax is the principal. But in this lax, 'it nuities. Either they did not perceive the certainly is not the aggregate of any per impropriety, or disregarded its conseson's property, but the actual income, quences upon themselves. which forms the rule for payment. The

The misapprehension seems to lie in terms property and income are confound the vulgar error, that the proprietors of ed; for, if it were aggregate property

the soil are a distinct body, not concerned which was intended to be laxed, no man

in any trade. From what is stated in the in his senses could say that an annuity, bypothetical case, this appears to be a

gross mistake; for, so far from being un* We insert the above as a curiosity in concerned in trade, they are the greatest Tatiocination, and assure our readers that we of all merchants, and, like other traders, feel, in regard to it, exactly as we suppose always exact from purchasers the value they cannot fail to do.-Edit.

of the duties which affect them. They MONTHLY MAG. No, 238,

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tave an advantage over the wine mer- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. shant, whose prices diminish the con SIR, sumers of his wine, but nothing can di BSERVING, many years ago, the minish the consumption of the produce of doubts suggested by Dr. Watson, the soil, but diminishing the population in big excellent Chymical Essays, as to of the country.

the origin of Ambergris, I was induced * There is, however, a strong presump- to ask the opinion of a geutlenian who tion, that legislators have not always per. had been long and very extensively conceived that taxation is the real cause of cerned in the whale fishery. His answer the diminution in the value of the circu. was prompt, and implied not the least lating medium, For, if they had so viewed doubt that this valuable substance is no the subject, they never could have pro. Other than the extremely indurated fæces posed or consented to the measure of of the spermacoli whale, extruded in an Jaying on what are called the war-taxes, extraordinarily costive, or perhaps dis. that is, to raise a great part of the supeased, state of the animal; atterward acplies by taxes within the year. By this quiring, from the action of the sun and mode of raising the money, the whole salt-water, the consistence in which it is filteen millions of war-taxes were laid on occasionally found among tbe rocks on within a very few years; whereas, had the coast in southern latitudes. the same suin been borrowed, the taxes Doctor Watson admits the probability necessary would only have amounted to of a different origin-a more systematic about seven hundred and fifty thousand formation in the body of the same fish: pounds every year. It follows clearly, but, with this idea, how can we reconcile that, by this mode of raising the supplies the great scarcity, and consequent high for the war, within the few years the price, of this rare drug; of which, if it is minst ruinous diminution in the value of correcı, the supply would necessarily be money has taken place; and government far more regular and abundant. itseli has been obliged to pay double for

W.N. provisions, and every article required for the support of the land and sea force, as To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. well as the necessity it has been under to SIR, raise the salaries and pay of many of its ser. I WAS amused with the account of vants: and, to balance all this, the only 1 wax-candles made in Nora Scotia, argument for the measure is the support of the Myrica Cerifera; and I wish to of the public funds, which might have ascertain whether any person has ever suffered some depression by the loans, attempted, in this country, to make wax. but which the credit of the nation alone candles in imitation of those said to be can support in any case; and which in so common in Nova Scotia. There uns could only bave obliged government seeins no reason why such an experiment to borrow at an encreased meresi. should not succeed in the hands of an . Then, supposing that the war-taxes active and ingenious manufactorer. amount, to fleen millions, and ihat

X. Y. Z. money, in consequence of these taxes, should diminish in value twenty-five or to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. thirty per cent. it follows, that, if this SIR, sum had been borrowed, andfive per THE reinarks of your correspondent cent, paid for the money, there would 1 z. in your Nuniber for September, only have been seven hundred and fifty on the effect of Iron Pipes on Water," thousand pounds the raised the first year, proved extremely interesting to me, and and the same sum additional to be annually I doubt not to many others, inasmuch as added in de public debr. But, admit the health of the community is so niale that one million would have been added, rially concerned in the general use of and the circulating inediuin diminished that metal, as a substitute for wood. in the savie ratio as above supposed; in The West Middlesex Company baving the first years, the diminution in the va- recently extended their works to the se. Jue of money would only bave been two veral sireets in Somers'- Town, I was inor three percent, instead of about twenty. duced, at the request of a friend (inter. five or thirty per cent, which probably ested in that concern), to change my supactualiy took place soon after the war- ply from the New River, to encourage iaxes were exacted.

the New Company, as did also sereral of PuILOCLES. my neighbours. But I soon found reason


cartily to repent the change, for the instance I should calculate thus: if 6 oz. vater came in so discoloured, and full 3 dr. that is 99 dr. lose 3 dr., the loss is of iron caix, as to be almost unfit for any just of the original weight: conselomestic purpose whatever; and, as I had quently 70 lbs, the weight assumed for å

njoyed very good health for a series of bushel, divided by 33, would give 2 lbs. rears, I thought it hazardous, if not dan- 1 oz. 15 dr, less. gerous, to continue the use of it, for cha. Here it may be supposed, that there ybeate it certainly was; and, although is an error of the press in the fourth line medicinally, it might probably be of ser- of ligures, 11 being put instead of 1, in vice to a diseased stomach, it would not the place of ounces; but, how the fifth to mine; I accordingly gave orders for line of figures is brought out, I am alto. my ferril to be again laid into the wood- gether at a loss to find. pipes as soon as possible, and have since Again, with respect to the last line of learnt that most of my neighbours have figures, if 2 oz. 2 dr., or 34dr., lost 6 dr., been compelled to follow my measures, surely 60lbs. would have lost 10lbs., several of whom had made much longer 9 oz. 7dr. learly: a result very different trial than I did, in the vain expectation from that given, to say nothing of the of the water being delivered more pure; palpable error of 22 in the place of but we may certainly congratulate our drachms.

AMBLUS, selves, that we have it in our power to chuse the aliment most congenial to our constitutional habits.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Allow me to solicit information from SIR, your scientific correspondents, whether DERMIT me, through the medium of the stone water-pipes, of which so much I your Magazine, to call the attention has been said, and more seriously felt by of the public to the prevailing custom of the inhabitants of Mary-le-bone, for building cellar kitchens, underneath al. nearly two years past, answer the pur. most all our modern city dwelling houses. pose intended; and, if the report is cor. The confined situation, and general damprect, that they have generally failed, and ness of such rooms, render them, in my now only furn the basis of iron pipes. opinion, extremely unfit for habitations; Oct. 16, 1812.

E. A. W. and I have no doubt but, in many cases,

they prove very prejudicial to the health To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and comfort of those whose station in SIR,

life dooms them, thus prematurely, to L AVING occasion to turn to the dwell heneath the surface of the earth.

IT article Grain, in the Cyclopædia I observe that this objectionable mode now poblishing by Dr. Rees, I found a of building has extended itself even to the calculation of ihe loss of wheat and bar. small cottage residences about the outley by drying; the results of which I ex. skirts of the town; and really, in passing amined for myself, as I am much in the them, it is quite painful to see human habit of verifying the calculations I meet beings incarcerated in this manner, with with, when they do not require a process scarcely room to turn themselves round, too laborious. It is there said,

or air to breathe in,

lb, oz. drs. If health could, with propriety, be said A quantity of wheat, weighed on

to be more valuable to one class of society the 22d of Oct, produced - 0 6 3 than to another. we might say it is most Weighed again twenty-four days . valuable to that class whose daily bread afterward, afforded - - 0 0 0

is dependent upon its daily labour: surely Loss in that time per bushel, at

then this invaluable blessing ought not to the rate of - - 2 11 15 A farther quantity, weighed on

be sacrificed to the pleasure, convenithe 8th of Jan. 1790, produced 0 2 2

ence, or caprice of those wbom fortune Loss per bushel, on being weighed

may have enabled to command the seragain thirty-two days after

vices of their fellow creatures; who are ward, at the rate of

2 015 so much the more entitled to protection, Barley, weighed on the 2d of Sep.

as they cannot be supposed very capable tember, produced - 0 2 2 of advocating their own cause. Weighed again on October the

It is, I think, desirable that the public 18th, afforded - - 0 1 12 should be put in possession of the most Loss of weight per busivel of

correct information on this subject; sixty pounds - - 8 4 22

and, for that purpose, I would be glad if Now the loss of the wheat in the first any of your medical readers would fa.

3 T2



vour us with their opinion upon it. I the law is mentioned upon general prins have no doubt but you will think a few ciples, to be solemnly decided. Where pages of your very valuable publication so much uncertainty prevails in our law, advantageously occupied in a discussion it is impossible to say before hand wbat 80 interesting to the cause of bumanity. the law is upon any point, I shall pur. Finsbury Square,

M. F. sue this subject in my next letter. July 11, 1812.



Sept. 18, 1812.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. DREVIOUS to the period at which

I the Court of Session was divided Na periodical work for the month of into two chambers, the public attention 1 July 1800, I read, lo my great asto. was invited, in numerous tracts, to the nisbment, the following obituary notice. consideration of several amendments in “ In St. Andrew's work house died Mr. our Scotch law, Trial by jury formed Edmund IIodgson, eleven years shoulthe most permanent topic of consider- hand writer at the Old Bailey." By what ation; and, by the majority of classes in singular and (to me who knew Mr. Hodis, Scotland, it seemed to be generally son only by his printed criminal trials) wished for. To that subject I shall draw unmerited chain of events, such a man your particular attention at some future came to die in a work house is an object period. At present ] request the public not of idle curiosity, but of reasonable attention to the great uncertainty, and surprise. I will therefore esteem it a frequently manifest contradiction, which very particular favour, if any of your corprevails in the Scotch law. So long as respondents will favour the public, that evil continues, litigation is pro- through the medium of your Magazine, moted, for no advantage arises from pre- with any biographical anecdotes of him. cedent; the liberty of the subject be- Judging of bin by his works, I would comes gradually subverted, and the ex- pronounce him to have been a man of pence to a poor man, when compelled uncommon merit and industry. He to vindicate bis right before a court of succeeded Mr. Joseph Gurney as short. justice, is so great, that he is obliged to hand writer at the Old Bailey; and his abandon his right to escape a remedy details of the trials are apparently faith for which he is not able to pay. Out of ful, accurate, and circumstantial; and his many instances, I shall select a special reports of the arguments of counsel, case from Mr. Maxwell Morison's Dice when any question in law arose, are fully tionary of Decisions. It applies to the and correctly stated. Ile made a great effect of cautionary obligations, or to improvement on his predecessor's plan, those writs where one person becomes by giving the name of the counsel wha surety fur another. By the decision of interrogated or cross-examined the wite the court of Session, in the case of Wale nesses. And to this practice of his, Jace versus Wallace, November 25, eminent counsel, who now stand high 1782, Morison's Dictionary, page 17,056, in public estimation, inost certainly one it was found that a cautionary engage- much of their fame and celebrity; their ment in the form of a letter is Ant bindo talents, by his publications, became ing. By another decision, in 1786, J. known and consequently rewarded. Edmonstone against Lang, Morison's De- This is a circumstance which also cisions, page 17,057, the spirit of the be- greatly augments my surprise, that the fore-mentioned judyment is adhered to, members of so learned and liberal a proand cautionary obligations, which wanted fessiun should suffer their benefactor to the statutable solemnities, are in general languish in poverty, and finally die in a found not to be valid. The court, it is workhouse. It is very true, that possibly stated in the last-mentioned report, con- he might have possessed, along with bis sidered the foregoing point of law so, talents and industry, vices or failings lemnly fixed. In another case, however, which rendered all such assistance of no which was decided upon November 28, permanent avail; for an union of great 1794, Brown against Campbell, a letter, talents and great detects, both in temper importing a cautionary obligation, and not and morals, is unhappily not untrequent. written according to the statutable so. Savage and J. R. Forster are examples, lemnities, was found erectual; and the within the knowledge and reading of case against Lang is stated to be erro- most men, of such an unfortunate comneously decided; though in Lang's case, biuation. But all this is conjectpre, and

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