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overhanging its whole base in the most tiago, and secretary of the household of threatening manner. Sitting under the Dom Jorge, Duke of Coimbra; and of cover of this huge canopy, a shelter from Mexia Froes Varella, who gave to their the storm, the most interesting sketch, children that education which the no(for a single view,) of the whole Scar may bility of their birth demanded. Froes be taken. The sweep of the cliff, inclo followed the profession of arms, whilst sing it on the opposite side, is serpen. Antonio entered upon those studies, tine; the fine swell, like a round tower, which afterwards conduced so much to of one part of it, itself a fine object, his own advancement and the honour of bare, and of the perpendicular height of Portugal. 300 feet, appears to shut up this circular The University of Coimbra was, at chasm, by nearly joining with the oppo. that time, in a rery flourishing state, and, site side. The colour of this cliff is more for its complete re-establishment, the cheertul, particularly as the sun sbines on most able masters in every department it; a variety of trees overhang the preci- of literature had been invited by the King pice, and are seen on the ledges on its Dom Joao III. To this seminary, Ansitles. Finely situated in the interval tonio was sent by his parents to perfect where these opposite sides nearly meet, himself in the Belles lettres, and attend a waterfall is seen midway dashing among lectures in jurisprudence; studies then large limestones, through which it breaks generally associated. its way, over a hright yellow earth, till Under the immediate care of Diogo de it forms the transparent stream at the Teive, who filled the second chair of plie bottom.

Iology, he studied the histories of anti. Walking farther into this first chasm, quity, and the works of the Greek and we are very agreeably surprised by the Roman poets; and it is probable, that it view of another cascade, a story Irigler, was at this time he became attached to in an inner recess or chasm. This second the writings of Horace, whose style he chasin is much smaller, and also nearly afterwards closely imitated. His progress round, but is only less remarkable than was rapid, and his gratitude for the at. the first, by being of less dimensions. tentions of bis tutor never deserted him; Its area, to which we climb up the rocks on the contrary, he has frequently men tlırough which the water breaks its way, tioned him in terms equally honourable is level with the top of ihe waterfall first to the master and the scholar. seen, and is then not flat, but filled to write elegandy in Latin was, at with masses of rock that appear to bave this period, esteeined, by the University fallen. .

and the kingdom at Jarge, as one of the In this recess, the water enters the most desirable accomplishments. In Scar through a hole near the top, arched this language, Diogo de Teive was emi. in a rude way, and makes a fall among nently skilled; and it is a circumstance the huge stones with which this chasm much to the credit of Ferreira, that, in is filled, nearly as high as the one into the this particular instance, he dissented from larger chasın, which is here seen below the prevailing opinion. He stemmed us.

the torrent of custom, presenting, as To any travellers making these caves Diogo Bernardes says, “ so many beaupart of their route, I should recommend tilul verses to his country, and all in its their being at Malhain, in the morning, own proper language."* This circunas this is a very small place, and the ac- stance also gained him the praise of commonlation not very good. They Francisco de Sá de Miranda, who had might leave this place in the afternoon, previously adopted this measure, and so as to reach Ingleton to sleep. This is whose steps Ferreira pursued. Not con. a neat village, and they may be very tent with setting the example, he also comfortable at the Bay-horse for two or forcibly recommends the practice.ç In three days, which may be well employed in the neighbourhood.

* Eclogue v. Letter iv. Book 9. Noo. 21, 1812. John Scalrs.

+ " A patria tantos versos raros, For the Monthly Magazine."

Hum só nunca the deo em lingua

aiheia." MEMORANDA LUSITANICA; by JOHN

Elegia na Morte de Ferreiri. ADAMSON.

$ Sonnet xxxii. Book 2 Ode 1. Book 1. Antonio Ferreira.

wherein he expects the Portuguese poets 10 THIS poet, who was born at Lisbon cultivate their own language. Letter

1 in 1528, was the son of Marrim Book 1, to Pero de Condrade Caminha; and Ferreira, a knight of the order of Sin Letter x, Book %, to D. Simao de Silveira.

a letter to Caminha, he thus describes biassed in the distribution of justice. The the Portuguese language:

friends of his youth were the friends of Floreça, fale, cante, onça-se e viva,

his whole lile. Francisco de Sá de MeA Portugueza lingua, e já onde for

nezes, SA de Miranda, and Diogo De Senhora vá de sé soberba, e altiva

Teive, were by him denominated his Se te qui esteve baixa, e sem louvor,

masters; and the perusal of his works Culpa lhe dos que a mal exercitarao, will shew, that the first and best poets Esquecimento nosso, e desamor.

of the age were his intimates, and that Warmed with the glorious design of monarchs, princes, and nobles, were enobling his national language by his com

alike his patrons and friends. positions, he eagerly pursued his incli Enjoying the inost marked distinctions, nation; a feeling, which he cherished and The highest reputation, he was cut from his earliest years, and froin which

off in his forty-first year, by the plague, he received the purest delight. In the

woich in 1569 raged in Lisbon; an event epigram, which forms the preface to the

universally regretted, but more particufirst part of bis verses, he thus expresses

larly lamented by those who had parhimself:

taken of his friendship. He was buried,

in the cross of the Convento do Carmo, « Eu deste gloria só fico contente,

in Lisbon, and a monument erecied to Que a minha terra amei, e a minha gente.

luis memory. The poets, who were his This is my boast-the sweet content I feel,

contemporaries, mourned over bis death That I have lov'd my country and her weal.”

in elegies and sonnets, while historians, Having taken his degree of Doctor of and other writers, are loud and lavish in Civil Law, he obtained a professorship his praise, * at Coimbra, whence he went to Lisbon The writings of Antonio Ferreira conto enter upon the office of Desembargador sist of almost every species of minor na Relaçao. From this period he re. poetical composition-Castro, a tragedy; ceived repeated marks of royal favour, and two comedies, in prose. He had, it was made Desembargador da Casa da appears, so early as his twenty-nintha Supplicaçao, instituted by Jono I. and year, corrected and arranged them for appointed a Fidalgo of the royal house publication; and his first sonnet was to hold,

have been the preface to the volume. Although the services of the King pre- This collection did not contain all his vented him from giving that attention to works; many of them, and particularly the Muses which he would otherwise bis Tragedy, were the fruits of his mahave done, he never entirely deserted turer years. They remained in many. them. Many of his letters are dated script until 1598, when his son Miguel from Lisbon, and were most probably Leite Ferreira, edited aud published them written after his advancement. He had in a quarto volume, at Lisbon, at the married previously to his quitting Coim- press of Pedro Crasbeeck, with a dedi. bra; and, in a letter, written to his friend cation to Philip, the usurper of the Pore Manoel de Sampayo, * before he com- tuguese throne. This edition embraced menced his journey, he paints, in lively only his poetical works; his comedies colours, the lovely retirement of that being previously published by his son, city, and his preference of quiet enjoy- jointly with those of Sá de Miranda, in ment at a distance from the court, to the 1622. The greater part of the poeins of honours which awaited him. From his Ferreira were composed in his youth, marriage, sprung one son, Miguel Leite particularly his sonnets, in many of which Ferreira, the future editor of his father's le directs his discourse w the Mondego. works, and whose lender age, at bis de. In these compositions we have the history cease, precluced him from receiving the of the allacliments which engaged his attentions, or knowing the virtues of his youthful mind, and in which lie was uns parent.

fortunate. The object of his first attachIf the writings of men betray the se- ment, the stages of which may be traced crets of their breasts, none represent this author more faithfully than those of

* Antonio des Reis no Enthusiasmo Poo Ferreira. His manners were such, as a

etico.-Nicolao Antonio. Bibl. Hisp Tom. i. good disposition generally imbibes from

p. 93.--Manoel Severin de Faria, Disc, da cultivation of talent, and from literature.

literature. Ling. Port p. 82.-0abbade Diogo Barbosa

in He was humane and gentle, yet uno Machado na Bibl. Lusit. Tom. I. p. 272.-

- Candido Lusitano no Disc. prel, a sua Trad. # @bras de Ferreira, Letter x, Book 1. Porto da Post. de Horacio, Scc.

from

from the earliest of his sonnets, up to Amo vive este corpo sem sua alma? the forty-fifth, resided at Lisbon; and to Ah que o caminho tu bem me mostraste, her were written some of the sweetest of Porque correste a gloriosa palma ! our poet's strains. Why this connection Triste de quem nað mereceo seguir-te! was broken off we are not informed; but

SONNET. it appears, by the following sonnet, that Pure soul, which now more pure in Hearin he had recovered that liberty, which he

art rais'd, was again soon doomed to lose, and as

Why dost thou treat me thus with cool soon almost to weep the death of the

disdain, lady who had ensnared his heart.

And why so harshly view thy lover's pain; ONITO.

Of which thou once approv'dst and oft hast A ti torno, Mondego, claro rio,

prais'd ? Com outr'alma, outros olhos, e outra vida: Say, hast thou not a thousand times profest, Que foi de tanta lagrima perdida,

And, thee believing, been my soul secure, Quanto em ti me levou hum des vario?

That the same hour of death's dark night Quando en co rosto descorado, e frio

obscure, Soltava a voz chorosa, e nunca ouvida Should lead us both to days of happy rest.

Daquella mais que serra endurecida, A cuja lembrança inda tremo, e esfrio,

Ah! why then leave me thus imprison'd

here? Doc'engano d'amor! que m'escondia

And how could'st chou alone thy flight Debaixo de väs sombras, que passaram

pursue, Outro ditoso fim, qu'alma já via,

While I still linger'd in existence drear? Já á minha noite amantreceo hum dia,

Too well, alas! thou shew'st the reason true, la rim os olhos, que tanto choráram ;

Thy virtues rare the glorious palm obtain, lá reponso em boa paz, boa alegria.

While I, less pure, must sorrowful remain. SONNET To thy lov'd streams, Mondego! I return His eclogues were also the produce With renovated life and eyes now clear— tions of his juvenile years, while he yet

How fruitless in thy waters fell the tear, wandered along the banks of the Met When Love's delirium did with me sojourn!

dego, as was bis comedy of Bristo, which When I, with face betraying anguish deep, he dedicated to the Prince Dom Joao. And hollow voice and unsuspecting ear, The death of this prince happeniug ia

Knew not the danger of the mountain's steep 1554, Ferreira wrote bis letter, wherein, Wherein I stoud--of which my soul with

in the name of the whole nation, he confear

gratulates the king, Dom Joao III. on The mem'ry chills; seducing wiles of love!

the fortitude with wbich he bore this 'Neath what vain shadows did you hide my stroke of fate. fate,

Sá de Miranda had introduced the sonShadows, that swiftly passid the happier net, elegy, and Horatian epistle; and to siate,

ce That now my breast enjoys; now peace I

these were added, the epigram, ode, and

epithalainium by Ferreira. prove; For smiling day succeeds the clouds of night. The comedies of Bristo and ( Cioso, And sweet repose, and joys, and prospects or the jealous man, are written with abis bright!

lity if we look to the period in which they The lady, whose early death our poet

were produced; but it is upon his trage.

dy that the fame of Ferreira princiJaments throughout the second Book of Sonners, was Maria Pimentel, a native of pally rests. The story of the beautiful Oporto, as his fifty-second Somet informs and unfortunate Dona Ignez de Castro

is too well known to need any comment: Ds. The following is selected as a spe

upon this is founded the tragedy of Fercimen of his anguish at the event.

reira, a wonderful performance, display. SONETO.

ing the attention he bad paid to the O alma pura, em quanto ca vivias, Alma lá onde vives já mais pura,

rules of the Grecian drama. He is Porque me desprezzstei quem tam dura said to have taken Trissino for his • Te tomon ao amor, que me devias ?

model, and to have followed him in the

verso sciolto, in which that author wrole. Isto era, o que mil vezes promettias, Em que minh'alma estava tan segura,

The Sofonisba of Trissino was the first Que ambos juntos būa hora desta escura, tragedy of modern times, and the only Noite nos soberia aos claros dias?

one prior to the Castro of Ferreira, who Como em tam tuste carcer me deixaste ? has far exceeded the Italian in swcetness Coma pude eu sem mim deixar partis-te? of composition. On this production

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Dingo Bernardes wrote a beautiful sonnet most desirable acquisitions to our mo. to him, to which he made a modest and dern celestial globe. There was such a suitable reply.

globe in Queen Anne's reign, though I An enlarged and improved edition of have not been so fortunale as to meet his works issued from the press at the ex with it. This appears by an advertiser pense of Du Beux, at Lisbon, in 1771, ment in the Tailer. 2 vols. 8vo. comprising the whole of hisI am most perfectly willing to adopt writings.

the Antelopes, but those milit and peace

able aniinals would not expel others; the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

Peacock I hope is suffered to remain.

The train of the Comet of last year, in SIR,

October last, had very much the appear. I BEG to say a word or two on Mr.' ance of the train of a Peacock studded 1 Colquitt's Description of his New with stars. Giches.

I love reform; but in all reform let us Of Eridanus, or Auriga' and Bootes, see what it is that we pull down, and what and many other constellations, I had we build in its room. formerly proposed to change the names, On a globe with mere outlines, circumor rather to retain them and add the scribing the constellations without figures, names of the cultivators of Astronomy, as the paths of Comets would best be delia synonyms are in botany. So far I am glad neated. to find it either adopted from iny bint, Juries.-For more than these tbirty or simultaneously imagined, as the intro- years I have been an advocate for the duction of the names of the Fathers of real unanimity of juries. And I very Astronomy. But, if beautiful animals early reasoned against the mischief of are to be adopted into the heavens, why determining by a majority of voices. not introduce the greyhounds, who are The proper legal address of the officer to among the most beautiful, and by their che jury is, before he records the verdict, swiftness are happily symbolical. And, " This is your verdict; and so you say surely, after a possession of between two all." Not a verdict of compromise, but and three thousand years, the Hair of the verdict of each juror. In criininal Berenice ought not now to be displaced. cases, a verdict of a majority, and that,

The Prism of Newton I had proposed necessarily undefined and unknown, is to place near the great Telescope of Her- most dangerous, and would very likely schel, where there is a cluster of unform- end in being actually the verdict of one ed stars well adapted to its outline. If or two, Sagacity and Fidelity are worthy of their Astronomical Hints --Above 6 Serpenplace in heaven, if Egyptian Astronomy tarius, is a very remarkable nebulus, which be entitled to a menorial, I plead for on the 4th of last month I took for a Canis Major and Minor, Why Ces Comet. It is long, brilliant, and not dis. phesus, Cassiopeia, Perseus, Andro. sinctly resolvable with any power I have; meda, Hercules, Bootes, Draco, Erida. though I suspect it to be clustered. It nus, Lyra, Aquila, Corvus, should have is very near the equator, and comes near their figures and names retained, I think to the meridian about seven in the I have already given very satisfactory evening. At nine it has an altitude of reasons in a Syrophænician cipher. I about 350; of two stars just on the northa have no objection to adding modern astro- west edge of the Milky Way, it is above nomic names, and thus uniting recent the highest. discovery with ancient remembrance. Comet.--Suppose a Comet to have a I must think, if Cor Caroli had Halley period of fifty-two years, then its mean added to it as a synonym, justice would at distance would, as I estimate, be about last be done.

2,700 million of miles; its aphelion I am not for banishing the Triangle :- distance about 5,320 millions; and it without Triangles, where would have been might be expected, by reason of its con. Astronomy? but I am for adding the Cir- densed atmosphere, to he visible as a cle. I approve the restitution of its nebulous star, during great part of its reclassic name to the Northern Crown, Co. volution. It is thereiore highly desirable ropa borealis.

to ascertain what change of place may, But the paths of the principal Comets, from time to time, be observed in those with their nodes and perihelion places, numerous nebula which make a come. after Bode's Chart, would be one of the tary appearance. And this, like other MONTHLY Mac. No. 235.

3S suggestions,

suggestions of Dr. Herschel, is highly by this question: Why has the earth valuable.

any mountains? I never deviated from Noo. 7, 1812. Capel Lofft. that question, which I treated in fire

P.S. As for Pegasus, I must particularly letters, from the dictates only of natural protest in his behalf. He can have a certifi- history and natural philosophy. This cate of good behaviour from one most respec- may also be seen in the opening of the table gentleman, and nine most accomplish- sixth letter, where I then positively deed bodies. And in ancient days it is not upon clared that I intended to prove the con. record that he ever threw more than one performity of the monuments of the earth son, and he had no business to mount him with the first chapters of Genesis, in. He may have thrown many in modern days cluding the account of the deluge and its for the same reason ; but from Petrarch, consequences. . Dante, Ariosto, and Tass), to Racine, Cor.

If all that I have adduced to prore neille, Voltaire, Shakespeare, Otway, Dry

the birch of our continents to have been den, Milton, Akenside, Gray, and Thomson, and several now living, he has always been

a sudden resolution on our globe, during very manageable-to those who deserved to "

which the ancient continents sinking sit him. Ladies have experienced this, Miss down fornied the present bed of the sea, Seward, Mrs. Charlotte Smith, and others, be well founded, there must have been who are in Elysium, and several who still a violent motion of the waters. Now, make an Elysium here, whom I should be this circumstance is impressed in all the very happy to call as witnesses. That he be- mythologies of the eastern nations. In longs to the class of Beautiful Animals cannot the same letter to Professor Blumenbe disputed. How useful he has been, let bach, after having quoted my authori. the annals of poetry rehearse! I trust he ties on this subiect, I stated the result will continue to adorn the celestial plains. in the following manner. “ Not only If, however, any hardy adventurer will per

the family of Noah was struck with this sist in an attempt to iurn him out from that most ample pasture, what damages may be re

event, in the manner I have shown, they covered, or what censure or punishment in

must have been as spectators; but they curred, in the court of Parnassus, I will not

knew, and transmitted to their posterity, suddenly pronounce. This I know, be en- that God had interposed on this occajoys inmortal youth, and thirty centuries sion, and that it was by his power they have taken nothing from his spirit and acti- bad been preserved. We know this vity. And, all good nature as he is, it may be from the ancient mythologies, the first of use to those who would compel him to foundations of which necessarily refer self-defence to remember, that Mount Helic to traditions of Noah's family. Now, con bears adamantine testimony to the force the nations of the earth have applied the of his huof. "Recalcitrat undique lutus,will, whole strength of their imaginations to I hope, always be his motto.

describe the terrible agitation of the sea

during the deluge: or, rather, it is from To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

the greatness of the ideas preserved

among them, on which they eserted all SIR,

the power of their fancy when left to (Continued from our last.) themselves, that proceeds the strong T COME to the part of Mr. Farer's character observed in the oriental images.

idea, that the deluge was a quiet And they had not lost sight of the cireffusion of water on the land. This cer- cuinstance of a superior power presiding tainly was the case with respect to the in this catastrophe; for they particularly rain of forty days; but Moses says also, attribute to such a Being the preservathat the fountains of the deep were tion of a bark, notwithstanding the viobroken up; and, in the language of Ge- lent agitation of the ocean ; which bark nesis, the deep means the sea. Moses contained some holy personage with his therefore, in his short account of the fatnily, consisting of seven people." deluge, mentions its (wo causes. When Thus the history of the deluge, as ! Mr. Farey shall have leisure to read, in have stated before, is very different from the British Critic, my Letters to Professor that of the fall of man : the latter, with Blumenbach, he will certainly acquit the important circumstance of the origin me of what he attributes to gone geon of the human race and the events relalogists, a pious fraud; for, in the first of ting to the first men, could not be known these letters, I positively set aside the but by Revelation; while the deluge considerations which might be drawn happened at an advanced period of the from the expressions of Genesis, and de history of mankind. The event was clared that I considered geology only surely miraculous, and it was predicted, as a natural science. I therefore began because the omnipotent Being directs,

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