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triumphal car, stopped in the morning at rowing in use there appears far more the Louvre, to take on board the king, efficacious than the European method. queen, and royal family, who slid down The oars are plumbed in the handle, the Seine, in slow pomp, to the Abbey, so as nearly to balance on the fulcrum, by means of an invisible machinery. and, if let alone, to preponderate within Other boats disguised as tritons, whales, the boat. Instead of being pulled they dolphins, and marine monsters, Awated are pusher, and thus the rowers see their before, hehind, and beside; and poured, way before them. from their viewless bellies, the music of Castellan says, (vol. ii. p. 92) but this innumerable trumpets, clarions, hautboys, must be an exaggeration, that a Constanand human voices.
tinopolitan boat will make as much way On their arrival at the Abbey, a break in a minute, as a man walks in a quarter fast, à la fourchette, loaded the table, of an hour. about noon, with rural dainties, with ice
PASCAL. creams, and with fruits of every season. Among Pascal's Thoughts, which were A mystery, representing the wedding at once overvalued, and are now forgotten, Cana in Galilee, was next performed by occur these aphorisms. the monks and their pupils; during which, 3. Death is more easily borne than the the fountain in the garden, after spouting fear of death. water, suddenly gave excellent wine to “5. When men use the same words, we the guests. The return to Paris, which inser that they have the same ideas; but was delayed until twilight, again took snow itself is discolourell, in becoming an place upon the river, and the boats in the idea, by the hue of the beholder's eye. Tear threw into the air brilliant fire. One man sees it wi:h a greenish tint, one works, which the waters reflecied and with a bluish, and a third orange, flow multiplied, and which greatly delighted much more must complex and moral the fifty thousand spectators curiously ideas be stained by interior accessary assembled on the banks of the Seine. Il tinges. luminations kindled at every place as the 14. Many certain things have been aquatic procession approached.
contradicted ; and many false things cir'The luxury of princes is the most inno. culate uncontradicted. It is no mark of cent, perhaps the most useful, employe truth to escape being impugned; what ment of public income. It is not grudged is undisputed' is not therefore indis. by the people, they in a great degree putable." partake a truly national festivity. More. 17. Why are we fickle, but because we able idlers enjoy its presence, and the feel the irreality of tried pleasures, and stationary its description. If history dise have not felt the irreality of untried plea. dained less to record the pleasures of sures? peace, society would suffer less from 18. If we dreamt every night the same the more noticed pageantry of warfare, thing, we should attribute reality to these FLATTERY OF POETS.
apparitions in the fancy. If we hear The absurdity of poetic compliments every day the same thing, we in like man, is not often more conspicuous than in the ner confonod repetition wiih evidence. distich, wherein Crebillon, the tragedian, What evidence but repetition have we of attempted tu sketch a character of Louis the phenomena of Nature? XV. 'It would have suited our Edward 19. Man is neither beast nor angel; the Sixth,
and who aspires to play the angel but too Juste, clément, pieux, son austére jeunesse often performs the beast. Semble déjà dicter les loix de sa vieillesse. 25. Beasts never aim at one another's Translation.
adıniration, but at man's : whereas men, There is a passage in Horace which even when they profess to look higher.
keep too much in view the opinion of ibeir might thus be modernized.
fellow-men. Mediocribus esse poetis, Non homines, non dii, non concessere co.
41. A natural style always delights:
where we expect an author to meet a man lumna.
is an agreeable surprise. Plus poctice A middling poet's vain attempis to live,
guam humanê locutus est, is a form of cena Can readers, critics, booksellers, forgive! sure which our journalists should oftener ROWING.
put in force. A recent visitor of Constantinople, 42. The last thing we find out in Castellan, observes, that the method of making a book is what ought to come first, THE DELUCE.
man from one continent to another, from Upon the principle of a general Deluge, one island to another, for the purpose of bow is the propagation of the various general propagation, is impossible to be kinds of noxious animals which are found conceived. And what other natural in America, and in divers islands, some means is there by which they could be of them separated from any continent or conveyed but the agency of man? Beother island by iminense tracts of ocean, sides, there are some kinds of animals to be accounted for? That useful aniwhich cannot live out of that particular mals should be transported by the aid of climate wherein they are found. Ilow man, those from whose coverings, flesh, came these then in that part of the world and labour, we derive food, raiment, where Noah's ark was built ? And how and convenience, we may easily con. did they survive the food in that cliclude; but, that serpents and other mate? porious animals should be conveyed by
THE PROGRESS OF FEELING, He, arm'd with Feeling, the pretenders hurl',
And gave the Christian doctrine to the world. IN YOUR PARTS.
Behold among the time's degenerate storm, By HENRY SIDDONS.
Bright 'midst the gloom, yon venerable form;
- Nourish'd in laurell's Learning's honor'd seat, PART THE SECOND.
Fav'rite of Wisdom, in her miid retreat;
When Faction, issuing from her smoaky caves,
Whilst barmless lightnings round his chariot
play'd. Thou, sacred Feeling, still inspir’st the In humbler paths the village parson tends, line,
Their talents different, but alike their ends; That pants to prove thy origin divine.
In yonder tufted grove, you may descry Array'd in Heav'n-born majesty by thee,
The spire, too modest to assault the sky: The Son of God, and man's mild Saviour see. Close by the church his cottage meets the With him the sainted passion first began,
sight, Who sigh'd, with angel tears, for coming man: Plain as his manners, simple, pure, and white: Prompted by that, the dreadful cross he Up to his roof, the twisting ivy crawls, bray'd,
The modest hedge-rose crimsons on his walls; Mankind ere for m'd, by Feeling has been Fearless of harm, the swallow builds her nest, sav'd;
And from his window twitters him to rest. The hallow'd flame thro'all life's thorny road, Play'd like a glory round the Son of God.
Here the benighted traveller may pause, Oh bless'd Redeemer! thine it was to feel,
And here the world's forn outcast plead her
cause; To lull the suff'rer, and the hurt to heal; To view the lisping children round thee
Deluded Virtue here may safely mourn, wait,
The shepherd joys to see the lamb return, And teach vain man a lesson in their state;
Softens her woes, and to the wand'rer's eyes His arrogance to crush, his pride contemn,,
Bids brighter scenes, in happier worlds, arise. By proving angels were the likest them! Oh! Christian Feeling, with what grace There spoke the Saviour from his inmust
dost thou breast,
Shed brighter glories on Religion's brow! There stood the Christian and the God con Nor does the blest sensation breathe confin'd fess'd;
To any country, or to any kind;. While other prophets to Bellona's car, Congenial Nature's animating soul, Yok'd the sed steeds of vengeance and of war; Pervades creation, and inspires the wbale; Grinly besmear'd their horrid altars o'er, Old is the tale, by which is well expressid With shriekino virtime and the murd...ne; This lenien
A gen'rous lion, in proud London's tower, This, 'tis alone, that clevates the soul, Who long had mock'd his gealer's taming And thro' the good man's walk, imprever pow'r;
the whole ; And long in sullen dignity retain'd
Brightens the fairest prospect to his eyes, The native fierceness, by which once he And tips the rain-bow in its varied dyes; reign'd;
Inspir'd by this, the virtuous mind expands, As the bold stranger thro' the grate would peer, And darts fresh radiance on the golden sands; Roar'd till he stagger'd back with pallid fear; Views ocean, spangled on her purp!e vest, Whirl'd his long tail, like a red meteor round, And the light clouds in lucid silver dressid. Shook his gold mane, and harrow'd up the Say, can the silent trace of gliding years A man niore savage than the noble beast,
Dry the pure source of Britain's patriot tears ?
Tears, such as late bedew'd each musing Into his den a screaming spaniel cast. At first, the monster sprung towards his When Nelson mov'd in pomp funereal by ;
When the pale Genius of our sea-gire isle, But sudden pausid, and listen'd to his cries;
Drop'd her bright anchor and forgot to Suspended for a while, amaz'd he stands,
smile! Like some fine figure from a sculptor's hands.
Mourn'd e'en her triumphs as she stood and The dog grown bolder from his lengthen'd
wept, gaze, Licks his huge paws and with his whiskers
And all the waves a solemn motion kept,
Rolld the big billows sadly to the shore, plays ; Then falis again, with simple, playful bound,
And the winds murmur'd-Nelson is aq While his new master turns him round and
Shall feelings such as these forget to rise, round; Eyes him with pity, licks him o'er and o'er,
When sadden'd memory heaves her softest
sighs ? And to a gentle murmur sinks his roar; Soon side by side the friendly couple go,
Ah! no the recollection shall remain,
And fire the future Nelsons of the main ; And gratitude starts up from cherish'd
Green Neptune breathing thro' his sea-tun'd woe. Long may the practice with the story suit,
Shall sing the nervous lay to times unborn; And tyrants learn a lesson from a bruts !!!
His choral nymphs chaunt to their favoria When chaste-eye'd Morning opes the gates isle, of light,
The praises of the Hero of tbe Nile; And gilds the dew-drop of retiring Night; The hand of Gratitude and Feeling's tear, Y When the sun rises, and tlie landscape glows, Shall o'er his grave the deathless laurel And o'er the rock a golden radiance throws;
rear, The grateful bird expands its painted wings, And keep it green for ever op his bier And, warm’d by Feeling, to the morning sings.
PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
*.* Communications of Specifications, and Accounts of New Patents, are earnestly
solicited, and will always command eurly Notice. R. ANDNEW PATTEN'S (MANCHESTER), they begin to bloom; then they are to for a Discovery and Improvements in be taken out and immersed into a pit of the Tunning of Leather, by the Use of pyroligneous acid for about a fortnight, Pyroligneous, or Wood- Acid.
more or less, according to the substance N IE invention and improveinents of the bides. Before the pyroligneous
1 described in the specification now acid is put into the pit it must be well before us, are the joint property of filtered, or cleared from the oily or tarry Messrs. Andrew Patien and Charles matter, which is done by heat, in the Hankinson, who have described the pro- following manner : Put the proper quals cess as follows:-The hides to be tanned tity in a copper, or other metal pan, are to be first limed, haired, fleshed, and that will not injure the color of the bearned, in the manner in general used acid, and light a fire under it; then by tanners; after which they are to be throw over the surface of the liquor a well washed, and cleared of the line quantity of fioe ground dry spent bark, and inasterings, and then immersed into which is very soon to be skimmed off a pit of weak liquor made from oak again, and a fresh quantity thrown in its bark, in which they must remain for five place, and so continue the operation till or six weeks, and be bandled well till about half a pound to each gallop of li
quor has been used, and continue the used after the hides are taken out of the skimming also till the liquor comes up acid, because it tends in some measure nearly to the boiling point: it is then to to take away the smell of the acid, and be drawn off and suffered to cool. gives the leather a better color.
If the hides or skins be light, the pyroligneous acid should be weakened MR. WILLIAM STRACHan's (CHESTER), with as much water or spent liquor as for a Method of preparing the Ore of acid; and in all cases the proportions of Cobalt for Trude, Manufucture, and water and acid must be regulated by the Painting. weight or strength of the hides. They When the ore is taken from the mine, are to be handled every day till suffici. it may be partially freed from the silex ently raised, and then they should be and earthy matter with which it is ge. immersed into a pit of clear water, and nerally combined, by a small pick-axe remain in it one or two days. In order or hammer, after which it must be ex. to bring the hides as nearly as possible posed to the action of the air, in to the color which is generally given to order to free it from the moisture. A leather, they should be regioved into a vessel of iron, or other metal, in the pit of strong ooze, or bark liquor, and form of a boiler, is next to be provided, be suffered to remain there for three or the bottom of which is to be perforated four weeks; or they may be put into with holes, of which the size is to be two such leys three or four weeks, then from a quarter to three-eighths of an they may be taken up and dried for inch in diameter, and the number of sale. If the bides are very heavy, they these perforations is to be regulated by must lie longer in the acid and in the the strength and size of the vessel em: bark-liquor.
ployed. A pestle is now to be provia A second method is this: after the ded, which is to be put into action by a bides are haired, limed, &c. and tho. steam-engine, or other mechanical power, roughly cleaned; then we are to take taking care that the vessel is placed spent bark, spent fustic, or spent shu. upon a strong wooden frame; and, for mac, such as has had its strength drawn the purpose of receiving the pounded from it by the dyer, and put it, in proore as it falls through the bottom of the per proportious, into a pit, and mix it vessel, a space must be lett below, the with pyroligneous acid, into which the square of which may be eighteen inches, hides are to be immersed: they are to and the depth one foot. The ore is to be well handled every day, and on cacl be put into the vessel and pounded until succeeding one to be removed into a pit it passes entirely through the holes, after of water, to whicir is to be added a proe which it must be sifted through a fine portion of the spent fustic, &c. in the sieve, in order to separate the earth and same proportion as that put to the py- sand from the ore; and, when ground roligneous or wood acid, taking care to very fine, the same operation of sifting remove the hides every other day, out must be repeated. The ore may now of one pit into the other, and to stir op be considered in a fit state to tinge glass the pit well into which they shall be reo of a beautiful blue color, and, when more moved before the hides are put into it. concentrated, may be used for making These operations are to be continued blue smalt. for six or eight weeks, until the skins are The patentee mentions other methods
sufficiently tanned. The acid may be of clearing the ore:-1. By passing it I used alone without any other article through rollers of iron, &c. 2. By
Leing added to it, or used with it only beating it upon a hard substance with in the filtering or clearing it, and it will a hammer or wooden beater. 3. By make very good leather. Heavy bides, pressure. 4. By friction. In these menot more than half tanned, may be thods also the ore must be regularly taken out of the bark ooze and imsifted, cleaned, and otherwise properly mersed in the pyroligneous acid, taking prepared. care to handle them well, and they will be tanned through in two or three weeks, M. JEREMIAH STEELE'S (LIVERPOOL), after which they inay be taken out of for a new Apparatus, &c. for Distilthe acid and put into a pit with a ling und Rectifying Spirits. layer of bark, and remain for two or This invention consists of an apparathree weeks in that state until they shall tus, combining two or more stills, to be be completely tanned, and of a good heated by steam, and so connected tocolor, when they inay be taken up and gether that the same steam will heat dried for sale. A little bark should be both, or all the stills, at the same time,
whereby whereby two or more quantities of the inprovement consists in using the imsame, or different kinds of spirits, may perfectly soapy matter, either wholly, or be distilled or rectified at the same in any required proportion, instead of time. The spirits which arise from the allow, or such other inaterials as have inner and outer stills, as well as from been beretofore used in the making of different compartments, may either be soap. And, in the manufacture of the kept separate, or, by uniting the pipes said common soap, the patentee does not from the heads of the stills, be mixed add the inaceraced powder of bones, but together, by which latter contrivance a more or less of the several ingredients, as great advantage may be gained in some oils, resius, &c. commonly used in make processes of distillation. The method ing soap, in such proportions as the na. of working the same is by applying ture and description of the article insleam between the stills, by means of tended for the market may require. which both, or all the stills, are beated with the same steam, and at the same MR. JAMES ADAM's (PITKELLONY, IN time. Mr. Steele confines the inven- THE COUNTY OF PERTH), for a Method tion, which he claims as his own, to a of drying Malt and all kinds of Grains combination of two or more stills, heale und Seeds. ed at the same time by the same steam This invention consists in the applicio passing between them. By this method, tion of heat from steam which may be we are told, that nearly the same quan- most conveniently done by confining the city of steam that would be necessary steam within chests or other kind of to work a single still, will perform the vessels, on' a floor of metal, pottery or work of five stills : and upon this prin. other substance or substances which most ciple any increase which may be inade easily transmit heat, and which, being in the number of the compartments, formed steam-tight, permit the head will be attended with the same increase to pass through the same without any in the number of the different kinds of steam or moisture; and that the malo spirits that inay be distilled or rectified. and other grain, being spread upon the
Aoor, is thereby dried in an equable, gen. WILLIAM EVERHARD, BARON VON DOOR- te, and regular manner, and the degrees
NIK'S (WELLS-STREET), for an Improve. of beat may be easily regulated by the ment in the Alunufacture of Soap to admission of more or less steam lorough wush with Sea wouler, with hard Water, a cock, valve, &c. so that considerable und with soft Water.
precision in the degree of heat given to This manufacture is thus effected:-one all parts of the floor may he always achundred bushels of crude or unprepared tainable. The material most approved bones are reduced by grinding, &c. into by Mr. Adam for the floors is cast-iron a pulp, which is put into a shallow iron made in plates of suitable size and thickboiler, with the addition of 500 gallons ness; these are to be joined together by of weak soap-lees; the mixture is to be Aanches on the under side, so as to leave kept boiling twenty-four hours, taking the noor smooth on the upper side, where care that there is no adhesion of the sub- the malt or other grain is spread about stance to the ineral of the vessel. When four inches thick. Below this upper the boiling is over, the materials are to floor may be placed either the hollow rest till The imperfectly soapy maller cylinders, chesis, &c. for receiving the rises to the top, which is to be taken off, steam;andthe stean itself will be produced and put into a common soap-pan, and by a boiler of suitable dimensions, and brought to the fair strength of soap, by conveyed by pipes proper for the purpose. the successive addition of lees, and The steam conducted by one or inere boiling and preparing as commonly prac- pipes may be introduced, at one or more tised. During the last process, “I add,” places of the steam floor, chests, or holsays the baron, “len bundred weight of low cylinders, as required, a place being calcined and pulverized bones, first mixed left therein, or raised therefrom with a with, and left to macerate, for twenty- pipe, to allow the air to go out while four hours, in about 1000 gallons of wa- the stream is first admitted, and which per, which I add altogether alung with may then be shut; and also a safety tre said pulverized bones. And, afrer valve being provided therein, in case of the said addition, I proceed to finish the sudden condensation, and a pipe or gute soap in the common way, only taking ter being provided for carrying off the care to make it very strony, and to keep condensed steain, which may be either it constantly agitated.
returned to the boiler, or lct off at any To make common soap, or soap to be convenient place by a cock, valve, of vsed in washing with soft water, the other contrivance.