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greater degree than the torpedos of Eu. far as to assert, that, when he intended rope, and which, according to M. de to ride, he always found his boots in one Humboldt, is capable of stunning a horse place, his whip being also placed in one by its shocks.
of them, but always in the same boot! We are likewise indebted to Mr. Ca- 'An opportunity of assisting in some new vendish for some observations on the experiments, or of conversing with some. height of luminous meteors,* which led body who could give him information, to suspicions that bave since been so or receive it from him, were the only ciramply verified, respecting the fall of cumstances that could interrupt his esta. stones from the atmosphere. He wrote Elished order, or put bim out of his way. a very learned article, on the means of On these occasions, however, Mr. Ca bringing to perfection meteorologic in- vendish gave into the pleasures of construments, t and some ingenious remarks versation, and his dialogue, which was on the effects of frigorific mixtures. I completely Socratical, did not end til He even devoted his attention to the the subject under discussion was fully Calendar of the Hindoos, and endea. elucidated. voured to compare the confused cycles In all other respects 'nishode of life of those people with our manner of count- was a copy of the re muls and pre. ing time. But the limits of a public dis- cision of his experime tat could not course will not permit us to analyse his even be altered by an incident which writings: we can only mention them to would, to a certainty, hare materially introduce Mr. Cavendish as an additional changed the conduct of almost any other proof, that great discoveries are reserved human being. only for men who constantly apply thein. Being the son of a younger branch of selves to study.
the family, he was in confined circumTowards the close of his life he em- stances during bis youth; and it is said ployed himself in giving inore accuracy that his parents treated bim like a man to the division of great astronomical in- wbo was not likely ever to become richi. struments; and it was certainly carrying Chance, however, or real merit, decided the love of accuracy to the extreme, to otherwise. One of his uncles, who had be dissatisfied with ibat art which, of all commanded in India, and amassed there others, had been brought to the greatest a very great fortune, conceived a para perfection.
ticular affection for him, and left him all From this long enumeration of the la- he possessed. Mr. Carendish berefore bours of Mr. Cavendish, it may be rea- became suddenly opulent; but, to get dily believed that so active a life could rid of his fortune cost him only a lew not be one of much agitation. But it more signs, as he thus pointed out what cannot be imagined to what a degree his might be done with the excess of his life was uniform, and with what rigour income! And even to obtain these ime be fulfilled the vow he had made, lo de- structions, his banker was obligce to vote himself to study. The most austere press him several times. One day be anchorites were rot more faithful to had an opportunity to apprise hin that theirs. Amongst the numerous problems he had suffered his money to accumu. which he resolied, he placed in the first late in his (the banker's) hands, till it rank that which dirccts us not to lose a amounted to ninety-thousand pounds minute nor a word: and he, in fact, gare sterling! and that the firm could not, so complete a solution of it, that he as- for shaine, continue the care of so tonished men who were the most econo. enormous a sum, upon their mere permical in their time and words. His don sonal security; a declaration which cermestics understood, by his signs, of what tainly showed as much delicacy on the he was in want; and, as he gave them one side as carelessness on the other, scarcely any trouble, this kind of dia. Nevertheless, the bankers were only logue was very brief. He had_but one answered by signs upon signs, and funds coat at a time, which he laid aside at upon funds, till at length Mr. Cavendish fixed periods; and these coats were al. left in their hands no less a sum than ways of the same sort of cloth, and of one million and a half sterling! Few, if the same colour. Indeed people go so any, learned men have been so rich; and
- few rich nien have become so, like him, Phil. Trans. 1790, p. 101.
without caring for their good fortune. Ibid. 1776, p. 375. 1 Ibid. 1783, p. 3o3, and 1786, p. 241. bis
The cause, however, of the greatness of
4h his fortune is also the excuse for it; as we Ibid. 1792, p. 383,
must admit that some excuse is necessary exemption from infirmities. Till the for possessing so much wealth. Mr. Caven. age of seventy-nine, he preserved his dish, nevertheless, often sought for the bodily aciivity and powers of mind. means of diminishing his own. He sup. He was probably indebted to the reserve ported and put forward in life several young of his manners and the modest tone of men who gave indications of talents; he his most important writings, for another formed a grand library, and a most va advantage not less signal, and one which luable cabinet of philosophical instru. men of genius su seldom enjiny--his ments; and he devoted them so com- tranquillity was not disturberk by the pletely to the public, that he did not jealousy of criticism. Like his great even reserve to himself the privilege of countryman, Newton, with whom he borrowing his own books, except under may in many respects be compared, the same formalities as others, juscribing he died full of years and glory; esteemhis name, like them, in the registers of ed by his competitors, respected by the the librarian. On one occasion the generation which he had enlightened, keeper of his instruments came, in and celebrated among all the learned alarm, to tell him, that a young man men of Europe. In short, he afforded had broken a very valuable machine. to the world an accomplished model of His answer was, “It is necessary that what all learned men ought to be, and young men should break machines, that a striking example of the happiness they may learn how to make use of them. which ought be general among them, Get another in its place.!"
He died at Clapham Common, Dear The regular life of Mr. Cavendish ob. London, on the 10th of February, tained for him a length of days and an 1811.
Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.
CONCERNING A GHOST STORY. : sentations with a presumption in their TN the Literary Magazine for the year disfavour. Popular report must have
1 1791, occws at p. 122 and 185 å re. added something, which the varrator may Inarkable narrative, written by the Rev. sincerely hare believed. And something, Mr. Evans, a respectable non-conformist it should seem, must be allowed for a minister at Minehead, and one of those forin of narration, which occasionally who resigned his benefice on account of completes the hiatus of evidence by the the perfidious and oppressive Act of Unie help of imagination; and which calls these formity.
suggestions of the fancy, these probable This singular but prolix relation attests though visionary conjectures, these limnthe appearance of several spectres in dis- ings of conscience, these internal appatant places and to different persons, du- ritions, by the name of spectres,--an ex. ring or about the year 1636; all having pression only unphilosophical in as much for their object to charge Alberton, the as it tends to mislead. bishop of Waterford, with the infanticide Cicero says, that Deinocritus, of Abe of a bastard.
dera, first gave a naine, and the name So many persons are introduced by of idols, to those shapes which rise within name, and so circumstantial and consis. us, as in dreams, and which, even when tent is the evidence they were led to sup- awake, we sometimes mistake for reality. ply, that various depositions were taken
CHIESNUTS. on oathi, and were transmitted to the Legrand d'Aussy, in his erudite Vie council-table at Whitehall, in proof of privée des Français, printed in 1782, . the transaction; Charles I. being then states, that, in the thirteenth century, king. A singular assertion of the ghost chesnuts were broughi from Lombardy is, (p. 124,) that the bishop baptized the to Paris; so that Iialy, not Spain, ap. child before he bad it strangled.
pears to hare furnished the tree to the This is, of all ghost stories, within my northern nations. ken of readi: , the best attested. Yet in CAPACITY OF THE STOMACH. this, as in other cases, no doubt the gol. A galley-slave, a native of Nantes, en. den rule should be adhered to, of receiv. tered the marine hospital at Brest the 5th ing the natural facts with a presumption of September, 1774. He complained of in their favour, but the supernatural repre cough, pains in the stomach and bowels; MoNTHLY MAs. No, 334.
for which M. de Courcelles, physician for List of Articles found in the Stomacb of tbe Man the quarter, prescribed some reinedies
named Bazile. which seemed to afford relief. On the 1. A portion of the hoop of a barrel, nine1st of October, M. Fournier, another teen inches long, and one broad. physician to ibe hospital, began his quar.
2. A piece of wood of the broom (genet),
six inches long, and half an inch in diameter. ier's attendance. The patient at this
3. A piece of the same, eight inches long, time complained of pains in the stoinach
and half an inch in diameter and vomiting, which much fatigued him.
4. A piece of the same, six inches long, Dr. Fournier, not being able to ascertain diameter as before. the cause or nature of the complaints, 5. Ditto, ditto, four inches long, ditto. directed some remedies which he thought 6. Ditto, ditto, ditto, nearly cut in two in suitable to the case. The man died on the middle. the 10th day of the month, at two o'clock 7. A piece of wood of the oak, four inches in the morning. On the following morn- and a half long, one inch and a half broad, and ing the body was opened. In the chest, half an inch thick. on the left side, there was found an effu. 8. A portion of the same, four inches long, sion of water, and suppuration had come one inch broad, and eight lines in thickness.
9. A portion of the saine, four inches menced in the lungs on the sanie side.
• long, halt an inch broad, and four inches ia Upon removing the teguments and mus.
thickness. cles of the abdomen, the stomach was "10
10. A portion of the same, four inches seen entirely displaced, occupying the long, half an inch broad, and four lines ia Jeft hypochondrium, and the lumbar and thickness. iliac region of the same side, and reach- 11. A portion of the same, two inches ing down quite into the pelvis, close to long, one inch broad, and half an inch thick. the foramen ovale. Several hard bodies 12. A portion of the same, four inches and were felt in it. Dr. Fournier, conceiving a half long, and four lines broad on each of its the case worthy the attention of bis col. faces. leagues, suspended further proceedings 13. A portion of the same, four inches will tlie afternoon. In the mean time,
long, of a criangular form, and with a surface • the chest being open, he wished to trace of four lines. the sophagus jis whole length. For 14. A portion of the same, four inches
long, and four lines in diameter. this purpose he turned over the beart and 15.A portion of the same, five inches Luas to die opposite side. In effecting long. half an inch broad, and two llacs this he ruptured the csophagus, which thickness.
occasioned hiin to perceive a piece of 16. A portion of the same, five inches · black wood, which reached from the be long, four lines broad, and two lines thick,
ginning of the canal to the stomach itself. 17. A portion of the same, of irregular Notwithstanding this singular appear form, three inches long, and three lines in
ance, he waited till his colleagues arrived thickness. • before he proceeded to gratify his cu- . 18. A portion of the same, three inches riosity,
long, half an inch broad, and three lines in Ať three o'clock in the afternoon,
thickness. about fifty persons, including the physi
19. A piece of hoop of a barrel, five inches cians, surgeons, pupils, and attendants,
long, one inch broad, and two lines in thickwere collected together. They first ex
20. A piece of deal, four inches long, ons amined the position of the parts that wero inch broad, and five lines thick. removed before they arrived at the open 21, A piece of the sanie, four inches longe ing of the stomach, which presented itself and four lines in diameter. onder the forul cf a long square, in which 22. A piece of the same, two inches and a nere distinguished four faces, each four half long, and one inch broad. inches in breadth, and containing the 23. A piece of the same, three inches following substances, of which a detail long, half an inch thick, and of irregular was drawn up in presence of the specta.
form. tors. The æsophagus, stomach, and snost
24. A piece of the same, two inches and a of the intestines, were linged within with
half long, and four lines thick. a black colour, from the spot where the
25. A portion of bark from a hoop, three piece of wood before-mentioned was
incles and a half long, and one isch broad, found, and which was a portion of a bar. the
being part of the large piece detached from rel hoop: all the substances also within
the superior portion which was in the the stomach were tinged with the same stomach.
csophagus, and which had descended into the dark hue, and had a very farid odor, 26. A lump of wood, an inch long, and all even after being washed several times. inch in diameter.
87. A woodet
· 27. A wooden spoon, five inches long, and to have suspected it, I might have asked an inch and a half broad.
bim questions which, perhaps, would 28. A cube of a tin funnel, three inches have led to some explanation of so extraand a half long, an inch in diameter in the ordinary a phenomenon. Since bis apper part, and half an inch on the inferior death I have made every imaginable ile part.
quiry into his character, temperament, 29. Another piece of a funnel, two inches and a half long, and half an inch in dia
and habits. All the information Lobo
tained in consequence was, that he was meter. 30. The handle of a tin spoon, four inches
naturally hypochondriacal and rather and a half long.
weak in intellect. He had been a sol31. An entire tin spoon, seven inches long, dier in the marines for thirteen years, the bowl of the spoon bent back.
and was discharged from the service from 52. Another spoon of the same metal, three his head being deranged. Among other inches long.
things, his comrades often persuaded bim 33. Another ditto, two inches and a half that he was very ill, to which he answerlong.
ed he believed he was, and took to his 34. A piece of iron, two inches and a half bed. At that time he had a great appelong, half an inch bruad, and four lines in
À tite, and ate much. Dismissed from the
time thickness, weighing one ounce, four drachms
Royal Corps, he returned to Nantes, and a half. 35. A bowl of a tobacco pipe, with part of
where, after some time, he was conthe tube, three inches long.
demned to the galleys. One of his com36. A nail half polished, without the point, panions, who was subjected to the saine with its head, two inches long.
punishment, and who was with him in 37. A sharp-pointed nail, an inch and a prison, assured me that he has often seen half long.
him scrape the line and inortar which co38. A piece of a tin spoon flattened, an inch vered the walls of the prison, and put a long, half an inch broad.
large quantity of them in his soup, saying 32. Three pieces of metal buckle, of irre
that it strengtbened bin and gave him gular form, each about half an inch long.
courage. He also added, that sometimes 40. Five plumb-stones.
he had a ravenous appetilc, which was 41. A small piece of horn. 42. Two pieces of white glass, the largest
attended with copious salivation; he an inch and four lines in length, half an inch in
would then eat as much as would suffice breadth, and of irregular form.
four men. But, if he could not obtain a 43. Two pieces of leather, the largest three
sufficient supply of food, which often hape inches loog, an inch broad, and of irregular pened, for he was passionately fond of toform; the other am nch and four lines long, bacco, and sold his rations to procure it, and half an inch broad.
he then would swallow small stones, buto 44. A knife with its blade, wood handle, tons, leather gaiters, and other substances, bent, threc inches and a half long, and an inch Having also interrogated the men in its greatest breadih.
who were on the same bench with him The total of these several articles was were he was confined, they declared that fifty-two pieces, weighing all together two days before his entrance into the hus. one pound, ten ounces, and four drachms. pital, they had seen him swallow two
M. Fournier, who published the partie pieces of wood four or five inches long. culars of this case, observes, “we cannot But, after all the inquiries I was able to but regret the silence of this unfortunate make, I could not ascertain when he had patient respecting the cause of his com swallowed the enormous piece of hoop of plaints. If it had been possible for me nineteen inches.
BELLMAN'S VERSES, BY WAY ON for some things here are wanting, and others PROLOGUE,
are lost, Written by the late HENRT BUNBURY, esq,
Which, unless we can get all, our hopes will
be cross'd; Spoken by Mr. Nares, before HENRY We have some too to sell, if the shop be not
IV. at the Wynstage Theatre, many years undone, since, in the life-time of the late Sir WAT- By selling our wares much more cheap than XIN WILLIAMS W*NNE.
in London: O TEZ! Oyez! by particular desire, Wanted first, a brisk poet of humour diverting,
I am come forth to speak, as a bellman Who can keep all alive till the rise of the or cryeri
Or a mill, if so curious a thing can be had, Farewell, my good masters, and don't be To grind some good verses, we've plenty of caught napping, bad
"Tis past seven o'clock, and a fine night for Our master would give any sum to secure clapping.
one, For we've got but one poet, and he's but a EPILOGUE TO THE GREEK SLAVE, poor one:
Altered from Beaumont and Fletcher's Hus 'Tis true there's one more, and of humour
mourous Lieutenant, and performed March not crusty,
21, 1791, for the benefit of Mrs. JORDAN, But his pen, by disuse, is grown rotten and
the epilogue spoken by her ; rusty;
Written by HENRY BUNBURY, esq. Yet was he, 'tis most certain, and you know it,
How strange ! methinks, I hear a critic say, What is so seldom seen, a real poet.
What! she--the serious heroine of a play; Wanted also, an actor that's fit for all work, The manager his want of sense evinces, A hero- tailor-a Mounseera Turk; To pitch on Heydens for the love of princes, Who can drawl out broad Scotch, muckle To trick out chambermaids in awkward pomp, Weel to a wonder,
Horrid ! to make a princess of a rompi Or give the true twang to a fine Irish blunder; “ Depend upon't," replies indulgent John, Who can act all the night, and rehearse all "Some damn'd goud-natur'd friend has set the morning,
her on.” And rant a new part out at half a day's warn- “ Poh !” says old Surly, "I shall now expect ing:
To see Jack Pudding treated with respect; And because many plays are quite lost to our Coblers in curricles alarm the Strand, stage,
Or my Lord Chancellor drive six in hand !" Where a lady should rove in the dress of a But P've a precedent, can qoote the book, page.
Czar Peter made an empress of a cook Wanted also, a lass, who in charms pretty There, Bow your dumb sir, nothing leit to say, rich is,
Why changing is the order of the day; But has no great objection to wearing the For wilder changes Paris can display! breeches;
There Monsieur Bowkitt leaves-ha! ha! the Our fate-Oye husbands! assist us to soften, dance, You perhaps know some ladies that wear 'em To read Ma'mselle a lecture on finance. too often.
The nation's debts, each hair-dresser can state Wanted likewise, a pretty young lad for a
And friz in ways and means with bard po Who can sigh like a zephyr, his pangs to matum;"" discover;
Beaux lay down lap-dogs to take up the pen, Who can kneel, like a camel, to fawn and to And patriot misses urge the rights of me. flatter;
Squat o'er their couls, sage fishwomea debate, About my size perhaps, only smarter and Dealing at once in politics and skare, taiter ;
And shrewdly mixing to each taste the dish, To be given in exchange, just to breed up a With fresh and stale, philosophy and fish son with
If such odd changes you can gravely sec, A pretty good parson, who then will be done Why not allow a transient change in me? with.
The charms that mirth despotic makes too Lost of late, by an actor, some looks and some night,
In grief may shine more eminent'y brightAnd ball of the words out of all of his parts. More killing still, the gaudy maid be seen, . To be bad at this shop as we'll show you Black as a crow, all love and bombazech ; hereafter,
Say, my fair friends, what sbange has more Some very good lots of immoderate laughter, success To Will Shakespeare consign'd, from Par. In catching lovers, than a change of dress? nass long ago,
Caps, hats, and bonnets, Fashion's pack of Inquire in Eastcheap, of Kit Metcalfe and hounds, Co.
Each in its turn the trembling wretch surAnd, it char.ce any sides of the present good rounds; party,
One day you wound him with a civic crown, Be strained, or be bursten, with laughter too Another, with a fucker knock him down; hearty,
In cruel pink, to-night, your game pursue, Or a habit of grinning too strongly con- To-morrow pomgiel bim in black and blue. tracted,
Now in a turque, now er chemise, assail him, By seeing nine humour most perfectly acted, Till the poor devilflounders, and you nail bin. On Monday you'll come here again if you're Ifl my frock have chang'd with some success, wise,
And gained admirers in this regal dress; To be cured of your grinning, and cry out If faithiul Celia should your favour prove, your eyes.
I plcasid you listen to her constant love i