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trust to the slender chance of one being, streets, the whole neighbourhoor is alarmin the neighbourhood, where it may hap- ed, but nobody ever hears of it being pen to be wrecked. While various lux- carried to this hospital. It undoubtedly urious stores are most conscientiously re- would be a very proper innovation, that membered, such an article of the very the one half of ihe children admitted highest value, the probable palladion of into the Foundling and Christ's Hospital, the ship and its inhabitants, is overlooked. be those of officers or soldiers killed in As Common Sense justly observes, there the service of their country. I would can be no cowardice in practising every also recommend that the names of all the possible precaution in preserving the vas children, and the names and condition luable lives of men, To expose his own of their parents, be told on the external life, or those committed to his charge, walls of the buildings. This might give to useless destruction, can never surely pain to some, but, upon the whole, would be supposed to belong to the character be of service, and keep at a distance of a true hero.

many who bavē no right to share in the The next topic, to which W. N. pro. . alms of the poor. ceeds, is equally deserving of attention I most heartily agree with the notion, from the friends of humanity. Ile justly that 20,0001, ought to be granted from accuses the medical men who superin- the public purse to the London and Midtend the London hospitals of not being dlesex hospitals. Though the Foundling actuated by the same degree of zeal and Hospital be not equal in utility to these, activity in their attentions to the dis- the 70,000l, voted to it by Parliament eased poor, as those in the Infirmary at was certainly a rational and patriotic Edinburgh; for how otherwise, he asks, donation. This money still exists, and should there be perpetually such a dis- will no doubt continue to support what, proportion in the number of cured? at least, is one of the most splendia ora Any degree of indifference or neglect of naments of the metropolis. 'An appeal the helpless poor, suffering under bodily is made to the Prince Regent in behalf pain, and at the same time conscious of of the distressed, and it is not to be receiving charitable assistance, without doubted, that, were his native goodness the confidence to murmur or expostulate, left freely to operate, many plans of be. is a feeling consideration, and ought to nevolence might be promoted. But pity be loudly reprobated. But censure or to the poor is a sentiment so much out reprobation will be of little avail, unless of the common track with ministers, that enforced by a more touching argu- one would think it never occurs to their ment than merely a general sense of minds, or that they deen it beneath their duty. Like the Edinburgh physicians, attention. But I ask, can they deserve those of London must also be animated the name of rational or patriotic statesby a jealousy of character, and ambition men, or of wise and good men, who to excel. In order to rouse these springs would lavish on an individual, merely of action, I know no plan that could that he might be possessed of superfluipossibly prove more effectual than to ties, a sum, that, for all ages, would conpublish annually the average number of tinue to alleviate the pains, and relieve cured in all the hospitals and dispensaries the distresses of thousands and ten tholie of London. Having thus introduced a sands, and at the same time be a per. literal and commendable rivalship, its petual public honour to the country. good effects would instantly be discerned, When any remarkable event takes place, in the speedy recovery of the poor pan either of triumph or of suffering, weak tient: physicians and surgeous would minds get into such a ferment, that they then see the exaltation of their charac- kuow not when to stop. Many calm, ter, and the increase of their business. judicious members silently lamented the

The observatious which follow on the senseless hot-headed fury which squanFoundling and Christ Hospitals are, in dered such immense sums on the Nelsons, my opinion, too severe and rather un- the Percevais, and the Wellingtons, who guarded. That the whole of the children disliked the ungracious task of openly belonging to these noble charities are testifying their disapprobation. admitted from interest only, without any

G. P. regard to their poverty, is altogether incredible. I can assert, from some per. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sonal knowledge, that the fourtb or Gifth SIR, part are really poor and proper objects DERMIT me, through the medium of of charity, inany of them fatherless. I your popular Miscellany, to inquire When an infant is found deserted in the if there be any fund established for the

IYIPUsinan

improvement of Greenwich Park? From various other kinds of food, or at idle tbe well-known fact, that not a tree has times, when they are eaten from vicious been planted within the recollection of habits of eating merely. I must own, any person, under the age of forty, it therefore, that it appears to me an abmay be presumed that there is not. surd self-delusion, to censure the use of Shuld this be the case, a small sum a plain batter or bread pudding, which ouglit certainly to be allowed for the fairly constitutes balf the dinner, or perpreservation of a place which has been so haps more, of the consumers, and then generally admired. Possibly some par. complacently to eat pastry and cakes liamentary reader of the Monthly Ma. · because they are made of rice. gazine, may deem this subject not un- If a real scarcity subsists, for the love worthy of his notice; unless the Park at of our fellow creatures, and common Greenwich should be considered less de. christian charity, let us for the time u-e serving of attention than Bushey Park, the good gifts of God only as they are the state of the trees in which were adneedful to us, and not with the wautonverted to in the Ilouse last session. i n ess to which pleniy too often leads.

LECTOR. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. O n the supposition of a scarcity of SIR,

bread-corn in the country, many TN your last Number, under the depersons adopt the use of rice in pastry partinent styled “Extracts from the and cakes of all descriptions, instead of Portfolio of a Man of Letters," there is wheat flour. Whether a scarcity of an article respecting the celebrated Em3bread.corn really exists, I have not the nuel Swedenborg; which, though written means to ascertain; but let it be supe in some respects with considerable cas. posed that it does. Under this circum- dour, concludes with an anecdote, which stance, the value of rice to the public no person acquainted with his real chamust necessarily increase, in a propor. racier, as represented by the testimony tionalle degree to that which it always of those who knew him, and exhibited bears to the bread-corn; and hence all in his writings, can hesitate to pronounce soperfluous consumption of it ought to untrue. It is, indeed, only given as a be as carefully avoided as of whtaten current story, without any reference to flour. Alowing, therefore, all imagin. auihority. As a mere story, to those able merit to the good intentions of those who are not displeased at its prophanepersons above alluded to, they surely ness, it may certainly afford some amuselabour under a great mistake, when they ment: but its wit is no apology for its indulge themselves in this superfluous use falsehood; and, as its tendency is to cone of rice, and think they are acting merie firm the grouudless prejudice which Briously towards the public by so doing. would represent Baron Swedenborg as While the use of wheaten fiour and rice insane, it ought to be contradicted. is restricted to articles of real substance it is not my intention to enter at large as food, whether it be in bread or in 'into the discussion of the general question plain puddings, I confess I do not see respecting this writer's mileged lunacy, why the one is not as admissible as the as this might be foreign to the nature other. Here is no waste of either article, of your work: permit me, however, lo because, independent of those whose observe, that, if any credit is to be given principal food must be farinaceous, as to the most unexceptionable testimony, they cannot get animal food in any nothing can be more unfounded than quantity, animal food alone, or with only such a charge. The late Rev. T. Harisucculent vegetables, would be produc ley, rector of Winwick, in Northamptive of a variety of diseases. Whether tonsbire, who had been well acquainted in the form of pudding or of bread, there. with him for some years previous to his fore, while Aour and rice is only used as decease, in the prefaces to the treatise a necessary part of food, is of little con called True Christian Religion, and some sequence. Pastry, and cakes of every of his other works, indignantly contrakind, let them be made of what they dicts the assertion. M. Sondel, superwill, must always be unwholesome food, intendant of the Swedish mines, Knight if they were taken strictly as food, and of the Polar Star, and Member of the thus, at best, a strange perversion of Stockholm Academy, affirms, in the good materials. But they have not even eulogium pronounced by bim to Sweibis pretence, as the principal consump- denborg's memory, in che presence of ion of them is after a pleutiful meal of that learned body, "chiar be preserved ibe whole strength of his mind to the be found, who had attentively read his last, without experiencing that decay of writings, and was yet resolved to vilify the mental faculties to which so many his character, would probably, with the are subject after a long pursuit of Quixotic Barruel, regard a charge of science." And Mr. and Mrs. Shearsmith, imposture as less incredible than that at whose house Swedenborg resided at of lunacy: though to bring such a charge the time of his decease, and some years would also be hazarding an intenable previously, deposed upon oath before proposition; for what could be more the Lord Mayor, November 29, 1785, extravagant than to apply such an im. 's that he enjoyed a sound mind, me putation to a man whose life was blamemory, and understanding, to the last less, and whose writings are filled with hour of his life.” This Mr. Shear the most powerful incentives to every sinith is still living. He has lately thing that is moral and excellent, amiabla been questioned respecting his illustrious and sublime? lodger by the writer of this, and others; I rely on your impartiality for the and perseveres in maintaining the truth publication of this letter; by which you of his former testimony in a tone that will oblige several of your readers, as sofficiently evinces his conviction of the well as

0. J. N. fact.

October 14, 1812. But the best way to be enabled to form a just opinion on this subject, is To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine, by a careful perusal of this writer's SIR, theological works; which, though very T WAS forcibly struck with a perusal numerous, and though an interval of no 1 of Mr. Mann's account of the beha. less than twenty-four years elapsed be. viour of a poor negro,* towards two. tween the publication of the first of British sailors; and, in asserting that it is them and that of the last, are in perfect not unprecedented, the following anec. harmony throughout, and display such dote more than justifies me. A short powers of reason, and such astonishing time before the war, between the English memory, in the writer, as evince him to and the Indians, in Pennsylvania, com. have possessed a mind, not merely un- menced, an English gentleinan, who lived shattered by derangement, but in the on the borders of the province, was one highest degree vigorous and unclouded. evening standing at bis own duor, when

Aware of the resistless force of this an Indian came up to bim, and requested argument, his adversaries have sometimes a little food; instead of which he reendeavoured to evade it, by classing bim ceived, “I have none for you ;" even on with those partially deranged persons, moderating his request to a little water, whose disorder only affects them in some he received the saine answer, with the particular points, whilst on all other addition of “ Get you gone for an Indian subjects they retain their faculties entire. dog!" He fixed his eyes on this soi-disant But, unfortunately for this supposition, English gentleman, and went his way. the points on which Swedenborg has Some time after, this self-same gentle been accused of insanity are precisely man (who was very fond of shooting) those in which his mental faculties ap- pursued his game till he lost himself in pear in their greatest perfection : for the woods; after wandering awhile, he the ideas which have ibus been stig descried an Indian hut, and made up to matized run through the whole of his it, to inquire the way to a plantation theological writings, which, whatever may when he received for answer, “ It is a be thought of them in other respects, great way off, and the sun is near settings certairly betray no deficiency of intel- you cannot reach it to-night; if you have lectual power. Even when treating on a mind to lodge with me, you inay." He the very subjects objected to, he displays required not a second invitation, but the same consistency of sentiment, the went in and accepted some boiled vesame force of reason and memory, nison, and rum-and-water, which his bes which distinguish the rest of his works; nefactor had prepared for him, and reand, what I believe is very uncommon tired to rest until morning; when his with insane persons, he appears to bave landlord called him up, informing him. been fully aware himself of the incre. “That the sun was up, and he had a great dulity with which some of his assertions distance to travel before he reached the would be received.

In short, a person, were any such to Moechly Magazine for July, 1819. MONTHLY Mag. No. 234,

38 plantation;

plantation;" adding, “but I will shew you tion of Calamy's “ Nonconformist's Meihe way;" which he did as far as be morial," vol. 1, page 258, (8vo. 1802,) thought necessary; and, on parting, looked where the truth of Crosby's account of him earnestly in the face, and said, “ Do Dell is questioned.

W. B. you know me?" In great confusion he an Liverpool, November 8, 1812. swered, “I think I have seen you.“Yes, and at your own door,” replies the In- To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine, dian; "and take this parting advice: sir, When a poor Indian, hungry, dry, and N OT being acquainted with the faint, asks you for a little meat or w specific principles by which the drink, don't bid him be gone for an Irish Government Tontine is regulated, Indian dog."

I can only reply in general terms to A Counterpart to the Somers'-Town your Arbroath correspondent and “ConScene, was lately performed at Brighton, stant Reader;" whose request is inserted by some officers belonging to a regiment: in your instructive Magazine for the Having procured an intant bear, they present Month, October 1812, by sup. plucked out its eyes, and then baited it posing a tontine tu be so constituted, with large bull-doys, who tortured it in as to pay progressively increasing interest an indescribable manner, from its being annually to its surviving members, con. utterly unable to extricate itself from the sisting of three classes, commencing at fangs of these “real hell-hounds." the respective ages of 25, 35, and 15.

A friend of mine, sailing to Lon. Then, by the rate of mortality which don, very lately, in a Dundee smack, has taken place during half a century was witness to the following tortures in among the members of the Equitable As. flicted on some unoffending dog-fish, surance Society, each surviving member which had been taken by some of the of the above ibree classes, after a lapse apprentices belonging to the ship; three of thirty-seven years, would be respecin particular he saw treated as follows: tively entitled to receive 61. 6s. 90. - A large one, the mouth and tail cut 61. 19s. 5d., and 81. 3s. 2d. per cent. off, and thrown into the sea : second, a supposing the fund to be improved at stake drave through its body, and thrown an interest of 4 per cent, and allowing into the sea: a third was caught by a no charges for management; but, if the ferocious-looking fellow, who, when he fund could be improved at an interest found it was only a doy-fish, cried out, of 5 per cent, and the expectation of “Hloot, awa, I'll hac my baite,"_s0 saying, survivorship still depending on the above tore out its bowels, and threw it into the rate of mortality, then would each sea! “Oh! Lord, deal not with us after member of each class be respectively our sins."- My friend, who witnessed entitled to receive 74, 8, and 121, per this, Sir, is a Scotchman, and delights cent. supposing no expenses of manage not in losing a lover of his country, and ment. If the expectation of survivor would not libel one of his own country- ship were subject to a rate of inortality, men, on any consideration whatever; wbcre no precaution was taken to guard therefore, no one has any right or rea- against the admission of unhealthy per. son to reject his testinnony,

sons, and no endeavours used to select “ Were more of the nuinberless, gross, the most healtby, each member of each and offensive outrages which have been class, in such an indiscriminate assema so perpetually committed upon the feel. blage of healthy and unbealthy persons, ings of unoffending and helpless animals, would be respectively entitled to receive made public, and duly cominented upon, 8l. os. 8d., 11l. 88. Od., and sol. per it might have a beneficial effect upon the cent, where the fund made an interest apathy, not ignorance, of the public of 4 per cent.; and, if it made an interest mind,

SAMUEL LUKE. of 5 per ceut., then would each member London, August 30, 1812.

of each class be respectively entitled to

receive 93, 125, and 314 pounds per To the Editor of the Monthly Mugazine. cent., allowing nothing for charges of SIR,

management in either case? V OUR correspondent may find bio. If your correspondent should be de

graphical sketches of William sirous of establishing a Caledonian TonDeli, in "Crosby's History of the En. tine, and will have the goodness to conglish Baptists," vol. 1, pages 323-333, municate the outlines of his plan through (uvo, 1738;) and in Palmer's last edio the medium of your usefu! Aliscellany,

he shall be extremely welcome to such Their operations in the mercantile way thoughts as may occur to me on the are constant, and, like other merchants, subject, through the same channel of always tending to increase their profits communication.

and their stock. They accordingly raise Pulo ARITUMETICUS. the rents of their lands, and use every October 12, 1812.

means to render them more productive

in that species of property, which reFor the Monthly Magazine. presents all things, whether it be gold, NYPOT UI ETICAL CASE, shewing that DUTIES silver, or paper. Proprietors of land and

and TAXES are probably the sole cause of houses, therefore, differ in nothing of the DIMINUTION of the value of the from other traders, but in the laws which CIRCULATING MEDIUM of any $TATE.* affect their estates, and the permanency T ET us suppose that every cultivator of the materials of which they are com. 1 of land in Britain bari each one posed. Great bodies of men, equally hundred sacks of wheat of four bushels, affected by the measures of, government, which they could, with a reasonable pro. always act uniformly, as one wise man fit, sell for one pound each sack. And would do in their situation. The con. suppose, that, before any of this wheat sequence is infallible and confirmed by was sold, Government should lay on a experience. This body of men, there doty of one pound upon each sack of fore, raise their rents, and sell every wheat, pavable by the cultivator. Then, thing they possess in the same propora in this case, those who bought the wheat tion in which taxes are imposed upon must pay two pounds for each sack: and their commodities. each cultivator would receive two hundred Their expenses are not curtailed by pounds, for what he could have sold for any tax, but they may and have been one hundred pounds, with equal advan- extended, wben taxes operare unequally tage to himself, before the duty was laid upon the different classes of which a nas on. The same thing actually happened tion is composed, as all laws must, which upon additional duties being laid on place annuitants upon the same footing wine; and this must happen in all arti. with those whose property is in many cles of general consumption almost im. cases double the value. mediately. In other articles, the ope- If this reasoning be just, it follows, ration is inore slow, but equally certain. that, let the governinent lay the tax upon All possessors of land, culiivators, mere houses, upon hearths, upon windows, chants, and dealers of every kind, live at upon property in general, upon income, the saine expense they did before the or duties on tea, sugar, spirits, &c. or on taxes were laid on the commodities in horses for pleasure, on stamped deeds, which they deal, and before the conse- legacies, hair-powder, game, or any other quent diminution of the value of money possible taxable cominodity, under prehad appeared. It is therefore evident, tence of checking luxury, sparing po. that they increase the price of articles verty, or ariyorher inotive; the same immediaiely; and it is those who use or effect is uniformly producer; and the consume the articles who must and do community ges on in its usual way, as pay the taxes, by giving more inoney for long as the credit of the country remains. the commodities produeed by the hands The only real alteration is, in the din through which they pass, that is, dimin minution in the value of money. InfalThishing the value of the circulating me- lible experience shows, that the dimi

nution of the value of money does not To bave a just comprehension of this abridge the pleasures or lesser the ex- . operation, it must be recollec ed, dat penses of the proprietors of the soil, any the proprietors of land are the greaiest more than the dues on wine dininishes and most important of all traders. They the profits of ile wnie-merchant. deal in the surface of the earth, which The only class in any couniry seriously produces all things, and are only dis- affected by the diminution in the valde tinguishable from other merchanis, by of inoney, is the class of anmutants, and their property being fixed and unperish- they must be affected in proportion to able by any folly or indiscretion of the the real value of their anvuities. These proprietor, and its being subject to cer- all differ materially from fixed property, tain laws of indieritance.

and must, in many cases, by the uncer

tainty of their duration, pay ten times as * See also the paper signed, “Common much as could be demanded from them, Sense,” in our Number published October 1. under a proper view of the subject.

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