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their composition, many of them containing tum above the hard chalk, or in our preo remains of organized bodies, and all of them sent seas. appearing to have been formed by deposition 17th. In the sand and in the blue clay from water

above the chalk, many species of shells 9th. These strata which appear once to occur, of which not one is to be seen in the have been continuous, have been broken preceding strata ; but of which several apthrough their whole depth, and so dislocated, proximate to those in the present seas. that some masses of the lower strata, now 1 8th. In the gravel, lying on the blue clay, form considerable elevations on the surface, shells are found which differ from those of and in many of these the superior strata are any of the preceding strata, and nearly carried away.

agree with our recent shells. 10th, Coal and traces of vegetables, with 19th. In these upper and less ancient strata some particular marine animals, are found in are found the fossil remains of land animals: the lowest strata that have been yet exa- and on this surface, which bears the marks of nuines in the ocher strata, up to the sure considerable torrents, are disposed, at least in faie, the remains of the inhabitants of the this island, the present inhabitants. . water only are met with. Near to, and on Does it not appear, says Mr. Parkinson, the surface only, are found the fossil remains from this repeated occurrence of new beings, of various land-animals; but no where have from the late appearance of the remains of yet been discovered any fossil remains of land animals, and from the total absence of onan.

che fossil remains of man, that the creative 11th. In some of the earlier strata, the power, as far as respects this pianet, has cubrochal limestone, the remains of animais been exercised, continually, or at distant are found, the cap and turban encrinire, &c.; periods, and with increasing excellence, in but no similar fossils are seen in any of the its ohjects, to a comparatively late period ? succeeding superior strata, nor are any similar the last and highest work appearing to be animals found in our present seas.

man, whose remains have not yet been 12th. Some species of fossil animals (pen- numbered among the subjects of the mineral tacrinitæ ) occur in the lias, and are not, I kingdom. believe, seen in any of the succeeding supe

FRANCE. rior strata, but a recent similar animal is M. De HUMBOLDT has just completed found in our present seas.

the astronomical part of his celebrated 13th. Some fossil animals (ammonita) are Voyage. His last Number consists, prinfirst seen in the lias, and appear in most of

cipally, of the Preliminary Dissertation, the succeeding strata, but appear to have

which explains all the means he had become extinct in the ocean which deposited

taken for making his observations, and the hard chalk. 14th. Some fossils (belemnita ) appear in the

which means he has employed with such early strata, and are continued upwards to

remarkable advantage. There is anthe soft chalk stratum, after which they are on

è other Discourse, by M. Olunanis, in not seen.

which he states ail che inodes of calcu15th. Some fossils (oval ammonita, scapbite, lation which he adopted, in order to de&c.) are not known in the early strata, but rive from the observations of M. Humnoccur in the hard chalk, and are not seen boldt, and astronomers in general, the ałterwards; as if they had been created at most accurate and inportant results. a comparatively late period, and had been For this Discourse, M. Oltmanus was soon afterwards suffered to become extinct. awarded the Lalande medal, by the

16th. Some fossilshells (trigonita ) are found French Institute. in the lias and in most of the succeeding the same pbilosopher bas likewise strata, and sometimes, but very rarely, in the hard chalk. After this they are not seen

completed his Political Essay on the in the remaining superior strata, but of late

Kingdom of New Spain, of which an years one

r pre

edition is now published in five octavo sent seas.


volumes. This contains all that is in the explanation. The trigonite are shells dif- large edition, with the exception of the fering materially from any others in the Atlas, of which he only gives the large structure of the hinge, and obtain there and fine map, numbered 2. 'Ainongst from the most decided generic characters. the plates in this third portion of his Unil lately no shell of this genus was work are, Views of the Cordilleras, and known in a recent state : one, however, has of the Monuments of the aboriginal peo. been found by M. Peron, in the South ule of America. A relief in basalt re. Seas; but this shell, although really of

presents the Mexican Calendar, which is this genus, is of a different species from any shell, which has been found in a fossil

explained in an Essay, replete with instaie. So that none of the species of shells teresting comparisons and observations. of this genus, which are known in a fossil

RUSSIA. state, have, in fact, been found in any stra- M. ADELUNG, counsellor of the colo

has been found in



lege at Paolowsk, has published a work, way, has pledged himself to contribute “On the Similarity between the Sanscrit annually, the sum of sixteen hundred rixand the Russian Language." He has de dollars. He also promises to leave, for dicated it to the Imperial Academy at the same purpose, hy will, a permanent St. Petersburgh.

fund, the interest of which shall amount DENMARK.

to two thousand rix-dollars per annum; It has for a long while been expected and likewise to bequeath to the salt that the University of Norway would be University, his library, his manuscripts, established either at Konsberg or at his cabinet of mineralogy and insects, his Drontheim. With a view to facilitate vast collection of engravings, and a parcel this event, M. CARSTEN ANKER, prvo of maps not engraved, relating chiefly to prietor of the forges at Eldswold, in Nor the topography of Norway.


With occasional Notices of important Judicial Decisions.

YAP. LXIII. "An Act for more ef- a misdemeanor ; and, being thereof convicted

u fectually preventing the embezzle. according to law, shall be sentenced to transment of securities for money and other portation for any term not exceeding fourteen effects, left or deposited for safe custody. years, or to receive such other punishment as or other special purpose. in the hands of may by law be inflicted on a person guilty of bankers, merchanis, brokers, attornies,

. a misdemeanor, and as the court before which

s, such offender or offenders may be tried and or other agents."—9th June, 1812.

convicted shall adjudge. If any person with whom (as banker, II. And whereas it is usual for persons merchant, broker, attorney, or agent of any having dealings with bankers, merchants, description whatsoever) any ordnance de brokers, attornies, and other agents, to debenture, exchequer bill, navy, victualling, or posic or place in the hands of such bankers, transport bill, or other bill, warrant, or order merchants, brokers, attornies, and other for the payment of money, state lottery ticket agents, sums of money, bills, notes, drafts, or certificate, seaman's ticket, bank receipt cheques, or orders for the payment of money, for payment of any loan, India bond, or other with directions or orders to invest the monies bond, or any deed, nute, or other security for so paid, or to which such bills, notes, drafts, mordy, or for any share or interest in any cheques, or orders relate, or part thereof, in national stock or fund of this or any other the purchase of stocks or funds, or in or upon country, or in the stock or fund of any corpo government or other securities for money, or fation, company, or society established by Act to apply and dispose thereof in other ways or of Parliament or royal charter, or any power for other purposes; and it is expedient to preof attorney for the sale or transfer of any vent embezzlement and inalversation in such such stock or fund, or any share or interest cases also; be it therefore enacted by the autherein, or any plate, jewels, or other per- thority aforesaid, that, if any such banker, sonal effects, shall have been deposited, or merchant, broker, attorney, or other agent, shall be or remain for safe custody, or upon in whose hands any sun or sums of money, or for any special purpose, without any au. bill, note, draft, cheque, or order for the thority, cither general, special, conditional, payment of any sum or sums of money shall or discretionary, to sell or pledge such deben. be placed, with any order or orders in writing, ture, or other per:onal effects, or to sell or and signed by the party or parties who shall pledge the stock or fund, to which such se- so deposit or place the same, to invest such curity or power of attorney shall relate, shall sum or sums of money, or the money to which sell, negociate, transfer, assign, pledge, em such bill, note, draft, cheque, or order as bezzle, secrete, or in any manner apply to his aforesaid shall relate, is the purchase of any or their own use or benefit, any such deben stock or fund, or in or upon government or ture, or other security, or other personal other securities, or in any other way or for effects, or the stock or fund, in violation of 2ny ot ber purpose specified in such order or good faith, and contrary to the special pur orders, shall in any manner apply to his or pose, for which they shall have been depo- their own use and benetit, any such sum or sited, with intent to defraud the owner or sums of money, or any such bill, note, draft, owners of any such instrument or security, or cheque, or order for the payment of any suni the person or persoas depositing the same, or or sums of money as herein before-mentioned, the owner or owpers of the stock or fund, in violation of good faith and contrary to the Share or interest, every person so offending special purpose specified in the direction or in any part of the United Kingdom of Great order in writiny, berein-before mentioned, Britain and Ireland, shall be deepco guilty of with intent to defraud the owner or owners

of any such sum or sums of money, or order who shall commit, in Scotland, any offence for the payment of any sum or sums of mo. against this Act, which by the provisions pev: every person so offending in any part of thereof is constituted a misdemeanor, shall be the United Kingdom, shall in like manner liable to be punished by fine and imprison. be deemed and taken to be guilty of a misde- mnent, or by either of them, or by transp:-. meanor, and being convicted thereof accord. tation for any term not exceeding fourteen ing to law, shall incur and suffer such pu. years, as the judge or judges before whom aishment as is herein-before mentioned. such offender shall be tried and convicted may

III. That nothing herein contained shall direct. extend, to prevent any of the persons herein VIII. Provided always, that nothing herein before mentioned from receiving any money contained shall extend to restrain any banker, which shall be os become actually due and merchant, broker, attorney, or other agent, payable upon or by virtue of any of the in from selling, negociating, transferring, or struments or securities herein-before menti. otherwise disposing of any securities, pro. oned, according to the tenor and effect there perty, or other effects as aforesaid, in their of, in such manner as he or they might have custody or possession, upon which they shall done, if this Act had not been made.

have any lien, claim, or demand, which by IV. Provided that the penalty by this Act law entitles them to sell or dispose thereof, annexed to the commission of any offence in unless such sale, transfer, or other disposal, tended to be guarded against by this Act, shall extend to a greater number, or to a shall not extend or be construed to extend to greater part, of such securities, property, or any partner or partners, or other person or other effects as aforesaid, than shall be repersons of or belonging to any partnership, quisite or necessary for the purpose of paying society, or firm, except only such partner or

or satisfying such lien, claim, or demand; any partners, person or persons, as sball actually thing herein-before contained to the contrary commit or be accessary or privy to the com thereof in anywise notwithstanding. mission of such offence; any thing herein con

Observation. tined to the contrary in anywise notwith

As this Act was at first drawn, it apstanding. V. Provided also, that nothing in this Act

peared to the present writer to affect all contained, shall hinder, prevent, lessen, or

trustees whatsoever, and it would seem a impeach any remedy at law or in equity,

natural consequence that, if persons by which any party or parties aggrieved by any

becoming trustees should render themoffence against this Act might or would have

selves liable to indictments for misdehad, or have been entitled to if this Act had meanors, and subject to very severe penot been made, nor any proceeding, convic. nalties, few persons would voluntarily tion, or judgment had been had or taken expose themselves to danger, by accepta thereupon; but nevertheless the conviction of ing such trusts. The exception in the 6th any offender against this Act, shall not be re- clause, therefore, seeins absolutely neceived in evidence in any action at law, or cessary. The exception in the fifth clause, suit in equiry, against such offender; and however, seems in great measure to annul further, that no person shall be liable to be the Act altogether, or to give to the para convicted by any evidence whatever, as an rias intereste

ties interested an arbitrary power of para offender against this Act, in respecr of any

doning offences, and exeinpting the offenact, matter, or thing done by him, if he shall at any time previously to his being indicted

ders from punishment, by filing bills of for such offence, have disclosed such act,

discovery against them. This is a sort of metter, or ching, on oath, under or in con

licence tu compound an indictment for sequence of any compulsory process of any felony and guilt on anomaly in law. The court of law or equity, in any action, suit, or broad line of felony which is accompanied proceeding, in or to which he shall have been with force or imposition, is overlooked by a party, and which shall have been bona fide all these Acts, which render persons liable instituted by the party aggrieved by the act, to criminal punishment in consequence of matter, or thing, which shall have been com

confidential trusts; and of course such Acts misted by such offender aforesaid.

must be subject to many inconveniences, VI. Provided that nothing in this Act

Bankers, in particular, will find them.

Bankar contained shall extend to or affect any person soluee

selves placed in many dificulties by this or persons being a trustee or trustees, in or

Act. under any marriage settlement, will, or other

Cap. LXIV. “An Act for extending deed or instrument, or being a mortgagee or

the provisions of an Act of she thirtieth mortgagees, of any property whatsoever, whether real or personal, in respect of any year of King George the Second, against Act or Acts dune by any such person or per persons obtaining money by false presons in relation to the property comprised in tences, to persons so obtaining bonds or affected by any such trust or mortgage as and other securities,"_9th June, 1812. moresaid.

This Act recites the 30 G. ii. c. 94, whicha VII. Provided always, that every person relates to the obtaining goods and money, and

nacts, enacts, that persons obtaining by false pre- within a time to be limited after the tences money, goods, or securities for money grant of such offices."-91h June, 1812. or goods; and persons sending threatening

This Act recites the 50 G. ij. c. 85, diletters to accuse persons of having committed

rects the provisions of the recited Act, and crimes with an intent to extort or gain money

this Act to extend to Scotland ; but not to or goods, or bank notes, bonds or securities,

extend to Ireland. Persons already appointed shall be punished as in that Act for ob

are to give security. So much of the 50 taining money.

G. iii. c. 85, as relates to registering memoCap. LXV. "An Act to allow the rials in Middlesex repealed -An officer in use of sugar in brewing beer in Great every department to keep securities. Such Britain." -9th June, 1812.

officer to lay accounts before heads of departSugar may be used in the brewing of ments, &c. annually.--Persons who have albeer or ale till Nov. 1, 1812, on certain' ready registered, not required to register conditions.-Notice to be given to the excise again.-Notice of death or bankruptcy of officer. His Majesty, by proclamation, may sureries to be given.-Heads of departments permit brown or muscovado sugar to be may allow further time for giving securities. used till forty days after the next meet. –His Majesty empowered to remit forfeiing of Parliament. Restrictions as to the tures. --Bonds in Scotland may be taken acuse of sugar, under a penalty of two hundred cording to the form of the law of Scotland or pounds to be levied, as other penalties under of England. --Acts not to extend to bonds of the excise.

receiver-general of assessed taxes. The period Cap. LXVI. "An Act to explain and

for registry of securities to be estimated from amend an Act of the fiftieth year of bis

the time of the execution by the last person.

-No irregularity to avoid securities. -Deeds present Majesty, to regulate the taking to be registered, although the period shall of securities in all offices in respect of have expired. Indemnification for persons which security ought to be given, and for omitting to give securities as under the 51st avoiding the grant of all such offices in G. iii. c. 98. - Securities to be registered, the event of such security not being given General issue.


A Treatise on the Elements of Music, in a series it leads the pupil, is always found dry and of Letters to a Lady. Illustrated with Plates. irksome to beginners. We ought not to By William Steetz, of Hamburgb.

omit to notice the vocabulary subjoined This work, which was published by to the volume; it is faithful and tolerably

I subscription, is comprized in thirteen copious. letters, from the author to his fair pupil, « Temple," a Psalm Tune for a full Wind-InCecilia. It commences with the first strument Band; composed by Edmund Crabb. principles of science and practice, leads The score of this curious composition, the student progressively through the dif. comprises parts for two clarionets, two ferent stages of advanceinent, and con- flutes, two horns, a bassoon, and a viocludes with what we have often wished to loncello; to which is added four vocal find at the end of didactic publications, a parts, and an accompaniment for the system of piano-forte tuning. In works organ or piano-forte. . This piece, it is of this description, after so much has but justice to Mr. Crabh to say, pre. been done in the same walk of musical eminently claims our notice. Nothing instruction, (we mean the piano-forte) that, in the long course of our critical there only remains for the author the labours, has yet come before us, can choice of ihe mode in which he shall delic pretend to the distinction ic challenges, Iver his precepts. That adopted by Mr. in point of consistency. False combiSteetz we much approve. It is clear nations, false successions, violations of and regular, and cannot fail to reward all the inost common rules of inusical the attentive perusal of those who are so- arrangement, are here assembled in full licitous for rapid improvement. A num. convocation, undisturbed by the intruber of liuile amusing ideas are scattered sion of even a single propriety; and through the pages to clear away the making, for once, confusion orderly, “gloom of the school," and carry the tyro and discord harnionious. Where pur. forward agreeably—a part of the author's chase is not expected even by the author plan which we consider as judicious, huimself, neither price, nor place of pubespecially at the commencement of a lication, need be mentioned; both which study, which, to whatever future pleasure Mr. C. has accordingly omitted.

Foar Moral Pieces-Morning, the Rose, the Three Waltzes; with introductions for the Piano.

Sen Dial, and the Wisb. Set to music by C. forte; composed and dedicated to Mrs. Cutba W. Banister. 2s.

bert, by F. Lauza. 35. 6d. The words of these four pieces are

Mr. Lauza has displayed much of his taken from Milton, Casimir, Dr. Watts,

well-known taste in this little publication. And Dr. Hawkesworth. Mr. Banister has

The introductory movements are pleasing affixed to them pleasing and appropriate

and elegant, and the subjects of the

waltzes novel and striking. melodies; and, though the basses are not, Perhaps, the best that inight have been Sofi be the gentle-breasbing Notes ;" a much chosen, the general effect is goud, admired Hymn; written by the Rev. Mr. and evinces more than mediocrity of

Collyer, and set to music by Mr. James Calent.

Peck, 15.

Tois hymn is set as a duett. The parts National Melodies, composed by obe most eminent

inf are combined with propriety and effect; Masters. 25. 6d.

and the composition, though not of the The melodies of England, Ireland, first order, will please the lovers of cha. and Scotland, contribute to the forma- pel composition. con of this collection, which certainly « Thinks I to Myself;" a favourite comic song dnes credit to the taste of the compiler,

sung by Mr. Grimaldi, at Sadier's Wells and merits the attention of young prac Theatre, in the Clown of China; written by titioners on the piano forte.

C. Dibdin, jun.; composed by W. Reeve.

1s. 6d. Iedelve Psalm and Hymn Tunes; composed by C.

The melody of this jeu d'esprit is well W. Banister. 25. 6d.

suited to the humourous subject of the We find in this little publication thirty- words. Indeed it is but justice to Mr. three pages of church music, wbich, for Reeve to say, that he is generally very the most part, are highly worthy the at- happy in little efforts of this lively and tention of those who are in the habit of familiar kind. filling up their Sunday hours with "the " The Frosen Tear," a Song ; tbe music by Jobre pure delights of sacred song." The tunes

Whitaker. are pleasingly conceived, and the harmo. It will be praise enough to the words of nies, though not always the best that this song to say that they are written by might have been adopted, are, generally Anacreon Moore. The melody is sinooth, speaking, legitimate and effective.

easy, and flowing, and speaks the sentiu The Lily and ibe Rose;" à favourite ballad, 'ments of the poetry. The piano-forte

sung by Mr. 7. Fores, ai Sadler's Wells accompaniment is arranged with judg. Tbeatri, in the Melo-drama of The Prince; ment, and greatly heightens the general somposed by W. Reeve. 1s. 60.

effect. "The Lily and the Rose" is a ballad Mr. Parry's “ Arthur the Prave," easy and flowing in its melody; has an has already, we learni, passed into a ye. accompaniment for the piano that is cal cond edition. The ingenious composer culated to enrich its effect; and, taken has rendered this popular air even more altogether, wears an aspect of prettie interesting than it was, by the introduce ness and simplicity that greatly pleases tion of a new verse, allusive to the Mare us. The words are by Mr. C. Dib- quiss of Wellington's late brilliant sucdin, jun.

cesses in Spai:).

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14th of September, and the 14th of October, extracted from the London Gazettes, N.B.-In Bankruptcies in and near London, the Attornies are to be understood to reside in London;

and in Country Bankruptcies at the Residence of the Bankrupt, except otherwise expressed,

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