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front of the box, and thus the doors are 5th. Raise the spring which is behind opened and the gun fired at the same in. the upright frame, and it will remain stant. '
there. By way of prerention there is a spring 6th. Put up the bells to the hole in the adapted to stop the recoil when the gun side of the stamper near the brass knob, is discharged: a metallic pan upon the and they will hang there. floor of the box to catch the scattered 7th. More the butt-end of the gun particles of gunpowder, and plates on the back a little to clear the muzzle end, bring back and top to prevent the possibility of the muzzle end forward, and the gun will fire; and a lock upon the door to secure come out. the whole from wet or molestation., 81h. Charge the gun.
To adapt the invention to practical 9th. Return the gun, first put the butt., purposes there are small lines of pack- end of the gun into its place, move it back thread connected with buttons on the a little, and the muzzle will go into the ends of the box, by which the alarum is place; put the string at the butt-end discharged; these are fastened to doors tightly down. and windows, conducted across passages, 10th. Prime and cock the gun, and garden walks, areas, &c. If they are left hook on the trigger-wire. rather slack, a person crossing chem will 1 1th. Shoot up the bolt which is upon not feel the touch before the alarum be the front of the box.-N.B. You inust gone off. We shall now transcribe the be particularly careful to push up this instructions laid down by the patentee, bolt before you bar the right band door; in order that the use and application of if you neglect, both doors will remain bis invention may be correctly understood shut, and the sound of ibe alarm will not and made.
be distinctly heard. Ist. Place the box firmly in an hori. 12th. Bolt the right hand door with zontal and perpendicular direction upon your left hand. the ground, or a table; if it hang against 13th. Draw back the small bolt near a wall, or in a tree. This precaution must the bottom of the iron lever. be observed, or the bells will not vibrate 14th. Lock the left hand door and regularly.
take the key out. 2d. Lift up the iron stamper by the In this state of the machinery every brass knob to the top of the box. thing is prepared and ready, and, if any
3d. Bring down the tail of the trigger of the buttons or strings connected therewith your right hand to a level, till the with be drawn, the blunderbuss will give other end is raised sufficiently bigh to fire, and the bells be set a ringing. permit the end of the long iron lever to And further, if you prepare the alarum pass under it, the stamper will then be early in the evening, you have only to put supported,
up the small bolt and lock the door, then 4th. Push up the small bolt which is all will be safe till you wish to withdraw near the bottom of the long lever, and the bolts, and leave it at liberty te the alarum cannot be pulled off. Now you go off. may place your lines.
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po ductory chapters of this great and magnificent * We have singular pleasure in submitting work, the first volume only of which is alto the public some extracts from the intro- ready printed.
tion and control to be assisting to us in -Lastly, an alphabetical implex of. the premises; and having also, opon the matters. reports of the said sub-commissioners, CHARLES ABBOT.WILLIAM Grant.' made to us from time to time, fully con
FREDERICK CAMPBELL.--Revessidered as well of the mode of preparing DALE. GLENBERVIE.-J. LONDON. and completing the said collection, as of -CHARLES BATUURST. the several matters to be included there Dated March 25, 1811. in, we have directed the said sub-com- of former printed Collections, Transla. missioners to methodize and arrange all tions, and Abridgments of the Slatutes. such materials, as appeared to us to be The Statute Rolls previous to the benecessary for completing and duly setting ginning of the reign of Henry VII. being forth the said collection, and to distribute sometimes in Latin and sometimes in them under the following heads :- First, French, and from that time uniformly in an introduction; containing an account English, the printed editions, according of all former printed collections, trans. to their several periods, contain the sta' lations, and abridgments of the statutes, tutes, either, ist. in the languages in and of the plans heretofore proposed for which they were respectively passed, proan authentic publication, or for the re- claimed, or printed; during various pevision, of the statutes; together with an riods from the time of Henry III. In the account of the charters prefixed to this end of the reign of Richard III. without collection; the matters inserted therein, any translation : or 2ndly, translated for and their arrangement; the nature of the the whole or some part of those periods; several records, and other sources from and during subsequent periods, in Engwhence the said collection has been lish: or 3rdly, in Latin and in French remade, and the mode adopted in making spectively to the end of Edward IV. or and printing the saine; the original lan. Richard III. inclusive, with or without guage of the charters and statutes, and a translation; and in English from the the translation annexed to this collection beginning of Richard III. or of Henry of the statutes; and also an account of VII. the collections of the statutes of Scotland The earliest of the printed editions or and Ireland, heretofore published by collections above referied to, is an alpha. royal or parliamentary authority; with betical abridgment of statutes, 'as well the methods successively adopted for previous as subsequent to Edward III. promulgating the statutes before and in Latin and French, the latest statute since the union of Great Britain and in which is 33 Flenry VI. A.D. 1455. Ireland :-Secondly, the text of the This is supposed to have been published charters of the liberties of England, before 1481. granted by King Henry I. King Stephen, Another very early edition, but sup. and King Henry Il; and also the great posed to be later than the preceding, charters and charters of the forest, granted , and to have been printed about 1482, by King John and King Henry III., and is a collection of the statutes, not abridge the charters of confirmation granted by ell, from 1 Edward III. to 22 Edward King Edward I.-Thirdly, a chronolo IV, in Latin and French: this and the gical table of the statutes, and instruc preceding article are attributed to the ments illustrative thereof, contained in joint labours of the printers Lettou and this collection; distinguishing all matters Machlinia. inserted therein, which had not been in. The statutes passed in the only parserted in any foriner printed collection of liament holden by Richard III. were Statutes, and specifying the several sources printed, in French, by Caxton or Machfrom which every statute and instrument linia, or both, soon after they were is respectively derived; and the language passed, this being the first instance of a in which sucb statute or instrument is sessional publication. The like course Written ;- Foarthly, the text of the star was observed in the reigns of Henry VII. lutes, and relative instruments, with noies and VIII. from which time the statutes of various readings where necessary: appear to have been regularly printed and Filthly, the cominon translation of all published to the end of each session. matters printed and translated in former The collection printed by Pynson, proCollections of the statutes, with occasi- bably about the year 1497, 13 Henry onal notes of emendation; and also a VII. but certainly before 1504, 19 Henry translation of matters not translated VII. contains the statuies from 1 Edward or joserted in such former collections: III. 10 1 Richard III. inclusive, iu Lilin MuxtyLY MAG. No, 233.
and in French respectively; and those and the statutes of Merton and Marl. from 1 to 12 Henry VII. in English. bridge, and Westminster 1 and 2, are
The small edition of the Antiqua Sta. placed first, and the other matters follow tuta, first printed by Pynson in 1508, and in a very confused manner. No better afterwards frequently reprinted, contains order is preserved in the Secunda Pars. Magna Carta, Carta de Foresta, the These two parts of the Vetera Statuta Statutes of Merton, Marlbridge, West. were frequently reprinted together. The minster 1 and 2: and other statutes pre- edition of them by Tortell in 1556 is the vious to 1 Edward III. in Latin and most known; this varies from Pyuson's French respectively. These are the ear, and Berthelet's, in some readings of the liest printed copies now known of those text of the statutes, and it is enlarged statutes.
by the addition of “certain statutes with The abridgment of the statutes in En. oilier needful things taken out of old coglish, tó 11 Henry VIII. translated and pies examined by the rolls," printed at printed by John Rastall, is preceded by the end of the first part. Editions by a preface on the propriety of the laws Tortell in 1576 and 1587, and later edibeing published in English. This ap- tions by various printers, insert only a pears to be the first English abridgment partial selection of ancient statutes, with of statutes: and it helps to ascertain the further various readings, and add some period when the statutes were first modern statutes. On a comparison, *tendited and written" in English; as the made for the purpose of ascertaining the preface ascribes that measure to Henry fact, there is reason to conclude that the VII. Subsequent English abridgments copy used by Lord Coke in his Second were published at various times by Ras- Institute was that of 1587. tall and other printers.
The earliest printed translation, not Various editions of the alphabetical abridged, of the charters, and of several abridgment of the statutes, above-menstatutes previous to 1 Edward III. appears tioner!, as published before 1481, were to have been made by Ferrers, a member from time to time printed; enlarged by of Parliament, from the editions of the the abridgment of subsequent statutes; Vetera Statuta and Secunda Pars, before of these, the edition by Owen, including noticed; it was first printed in 1531, and the statutes of 7 Hen. VIII. was printed contains the greatest part, but not all, of jn 1521. An Appendix, containing the the matters included in those editions, abridgment of the Acts of the next en- but does not arrange them in chronolo. suing session, 15 llen. VIII. was printed yical order. In 1540 and 1542, other in 1528, when a title was added. These editions of this translation were pubcollections form an exception to the ge- hished, with some amendments and addio Deral description of the editious of the tions. statutes; for not only the statutes pre. In 1543, the Statutes in English, from rious to and in the reign of Rich. III, the time of Henry III, to 19 llen. VII. are abridged in Latin or French, hut the inclusive, chronologically arranged, were abridgment of the statutes of Henry printed by Bertheler, in one volume, folio. VII. and Henry VIII, is in French, al. It has not been satisfactorily ascertained though they were originally passed and tha: any.complete chronological series of printed in English.
the statutes from Magna Charta to 1 In 1531, Berthelet printed an edition Edward III., either in their original lan. of the Antiqua Statuia, siinilar to the guage, or in English, or that any transedicions by Pynson, with some additions. lation of the statutes from 1 Edward Ili. In 1532, Berthelet also printed a collec- to 1 Henry VII, had been published pretion of statutes previous to 1 Edward III. vious to this edition by Berthelet; though not included in the Antiqua Statuta. some books refer to editions by Berthelet, This collection he entitled, “Secunda as of 1529 and 15-40. It appears proPars Veterum Stawtorum," and it is al. bable that the transiation in this edition ways so distinguished; it was frequentiy by Berthelet, was made from the sipall re-printer. The statutes contained in it editions of the Verera Statuta and Seare in French avd Latin respectively. cunda Pars, and from Pynson's edition of
Neither in the Antiqua Statuta by the Nora Statuta, 1 Edward Ill. to 1 Punson, nor in the Secunda Pars Veic. Richard III, inclusive. This edition conrum Statutoruin, were the contents are tains some translations, particularly nf the Tanged in any chronological accuracy: Dictum de Kenilworth, not included in in ilic Antiqua Statuta lhe two charters, either of the editions of ferrers's trans