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For the Monthly Magazine. pleasure those learned hellenists would NEW ACCOUNT of the MANUSCRIPTS found have taken in accomplishing the views ut HERCULANEVM, by M. MORGENSTERN. of such patrons!

MORGENSTERN, professor at “I was assured that the same saloon IV . the University of Dorpat, has contained nearly seventeen hundred ma. addressed to the Royal Society of Scie nuscripts, of which about three hundred ences at Göttingen, a Memoir on the had been unrolled. It is difficult to be Herculaneum Manuscripts, extracted lieve this last assertion, unless we comfrom a learned Account of bis Travels in prise in the number, those, the develope. italy, which he is about to publish. ment of which has been attempted with. This memoir contains some curious and out success. Most of these works are little known particulars, which will be without the authors' names. The only tead with much interest. ,

known authors who have hitherto heen “ The rolls of papyrus, (says M. Mors net with amongst these masses are, Degenstern,) which were discovered on the metrius, Epicurus, Philodemus, and Sd of November, 1753, are placed in Polystratus, one of the disciples of Epic glass cases, and in the same room in curus, whom Diogenes Laertius makes which the process of unrolling them is the jinmediate successor of Hermachos, carried on. Each of the shelves which or Hermarchos. He is the same ahon contain them bas a brass number. These Valerius Maximus associates with the half-burned rolls appear like rolls of to- : Epicurean Hippokleides, and he repre. bacco. I saw a man at work unfolding sents them as two models of friendship, them : le was sitting before the ingeni. exactly similar in their manners, sentious machine invented by Father Antonio ments, and also remarkable for the same Piaggio, of which Winckelinann has period of birth and death, given a description; it is also correctly

" Besides the fourth book of Philode. described and represented in Bartel's mus on Music, which has appeared, we Travels. On coming near these ancient now see the first two of his work on manuscripts, we almost involuntarily Rhetoric, bearing this title, Ordrupa hold the breath, for fear any bits of them egy palogsx7,5 A, B., and another by the should be blown away. "I soon per.. same author: Gigi xaxiay xz Tw ceired how many difficulties and incon, ailexerunway asiloy. I did not hear the veniences attended the process of un- name of Koloves mentioned. But they rolling them.

have mislaid the work known by the " In proportion as the roll is opened, naine varas, which Piaggio began to a designer faithfully copies each line : unrol in the year 1762, and which, in this labour is revised by a learned man, the opinion of the Abbé Galiani, related who translates it juto Latin on the spot. to botany. It is probably lost. It and whatever passages can be made out, would be desirable to know what were are engraved on copper. When I visits the contents of the ten folls, that were ed tbis establishment, they were em- presented to the Prince of Wales? ployed in transcribing some new frag. “ The learned world may congratulate anents of Philodemus. The celebrated itself on the efforts that are made to philologist, Carlo ROSINI, Bishop of hasten the results of these labours. I Pozzuola, has undertaken to explain,

xplain had the advantage of seeing, at the last comment upon, and publish them. The visit I paid to the establishinent, the cefollowing are the words which they were lebrated director of the library, Juan then endeavouring to decypher. . Andrès, who was born in Valentia, and

" Neauşeals Tigt anofo maça porntens of the Bishop of Pozzuoli, whom I lately emise pouco teos TOUS aholas Kalabgapurous Evouc mentioned. They inforined me that the των εν τοις πολλοις δοξαζομενων.

second voluine of the text of the works • The old government did much, but of Epicurus, which contains bis Natural yet too little, respecting the manuscripts Philosophy, was printed, and was only of Herculanevin; and M. Heinse was waiting for the Presace. They expressed right in saying, that it was an unfortu. their hopes that it would be published nate circumstance that this discovery besore the edition of the Coinmentaries was not made in the time of Robert upon it. M. Juan Andrés also showed of Cosmo or of Lorenzo de Medicis. me, at his house, the text of a Latin What rewards would not those illustrious poen), the only one which has yet been protectors of letters have granted to a discovered. It is printed on four sheets Pulizione, a Ficini, or a Lascarisse, for of large folio, with this inscription : such praiseworthy labours; and what Geo. Batt. Dialesci dis. Barl, gratti mne.



v. 5.

The manuscript is in double columns: Col. v., v. 2. the capital letters are very well formed, ..VT. PEN.... ...NT... IS. CERVICE and not so angular as they generally ap.

BVS. ASPIDE. MOLLEM pear in inscriptions. The words are se.

v. 3. parated by simple points. This frag


LIBIDINE. MOR... ment will be an important acquisition for Latin palæography, as the only ma. PEAC.... FLATV, BR.VIS. HVNC. SINE nuscripts we possess in that language are

MORSIBVS. AN.... long posterior to the time of the destruc

v. 7. tion of Herculaneum. It will be easy, IN. IAM. EPTANIMAM. PRESSIS. EN on seeing these manuscripts, to perceive

FVNDERE. VENIS the difference between the ordinary man

v. 8. ner of writing, and that which was em- ... MERSISQVE.. ...0. CLAVSERVNT ployed on monumental inscriptions. The

GVTTVRA. FAVCES impression is exactly siinilar to the ori.

v. 9. ginal, and the dottings correctly point .AS. INTP. STRAGES. SOLIO. DESCEN out the extent and form of each gap or


Col. vii. v. 3. hiatus. The passages which are left,

IIPEC. REGINA. GERIT. PROCVLTIA but which they have not been able to

....A. VIDEBAT decypher, are underlined. These verses

v, 4. are, unfortunately, so mutilated, that it ATROPOS. IN. RID. N... ...R. DIVER is hardly possible to understand their fmeaning. The poem, however, is in hexameter verse, and treats of the Alex CONSILIA. INTE. ITV. QVAM. AM.... andrine war. It evidently contains a

AMAN..RENT description of the death of Cleopatra.

v. 6. On the four sheets which M. Andrès TER. FVERAT. REVOCATA ..... ES kindly presented to me, there are sixty


v. 7. one verses, contained in the eight co

ET. PATRIAE. ... OMI, ANTE, SVAE lumns, but most of them mutilated.

CVM. MIL... CAESAR, These sheets do not contain the whole

v. 8. of the poem ; indeed I was told that a EEN.. ALIXAN. 1. C. ... EN... AD much greater number remained to be

M... EN.. VENIS printed. In the second verse of the first

v. 9. olumn, we read the name of CESAR, SIGNAQVE. CONSTITUIT. SIC. OMN... the third of the second column, PE

RROR. IN. ARTVM VSIA and CAESAR. The eighth verse

Col. viii.

- VRBEVE Olthe same column has these words: OPSIDIONE. TAMEN. N. C. CORPORA VIDICAT .... MVLAM, ROMAM.

MOENIBVS. A....NT COE....NDEM. A Strange haod. CASTRAQVE. PRO. MVRIS. ATQVE. probbly that of M. Andrès bimself,

ARMA, PEDESTRIA, PONVNT lias htten in the margin of my copy,


BELLA. PARATVS the fuwing passage froin the Æneid:

VTRAQVE. SOLLENNIS ITERVM, RE. Tecta vins que nunc Romana potentia cælo.


CONSILIIS. NOX. APTA. DVCVM. LVX “ In a different columns, the follow.

APTIOR. ARMIS. ing wordsay be read:

“ The poem, as I have said, evidentiys


describes the Alexandrine war: these AL.XANDK ' S. A.TIACOS (Actiacos).

verses relate to the time of ihe arrival of

Augustus in Egypt. Antony kills himself, PRAEBEREIVE.SVAE. SPECTACULA. and Cleopatra, by likewise comunitting T STIA. MORTIS

suicide, avoids the disgrace of slavery, OVALIS. AD. S TANTIS. ACIES. CVN Even by consulting Plutarch and Dion, SIGNA. TVBACLASSESOVE. SIMVL

it is scarcely possible to supply the rest

of the subject; for they only describe TERRIR... ARMIS EST. FACIES. E VISA. LOCI. CVNI

the principal facts. In the first columns, SAEV.COIRENT

the poet speaks of the arrival of Octa. INSTRVMENTA.ECIS. ... TO, CON

vianus and his army. lle advances ico

wards Alexandria, while the main budy VND. Qve. sic. vc. ....MP....

of the army proceeds by the Hippodrome.

Antony attacks the cavalry of Octavianus OMNE. VAGABAT LETI. CENTS, with success, and causes his feet to

advance. On the second charge he

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OMNE. This

is betrayed, and bis fleet is dispersed. the rhetorician; and he cannot but he This was the signal for his over- viewed as a contemporary or emulator of throw: and to this event the following Lucan and Petronius. verses of the fourth column appear to To this meinoir are added, three lete relate :

ters of Lady Jane Grey*, that have never Qualis, ad instantis acies cum bella parantur, been published. M. Morgenstern dise Signa tubae classesque, simul terrestribus covered them in the Library of Zurich. armis,

They are addressed to the celebrated Est facies ea visa loci; cum saeva coirent theological writer, Henry Büllinger, Instrumenta necis, multo congesta paratu, Dean of Zurich, relative to the work Vindique ; sic illuc deforme coactum which he published, entitled, “ De Per. Omne vagabatur leti genus, omne timoris. fectione Christianorum, ad Henricum II.

$ In bis despair, Antony calls for Oc- Gal. Reg." These letters are full of tavianus, that he may be witness to his sentiment, and replete with the most deplorable end. (Ut)-præberetque sua fervent piety. Their style is truly clase spectacula tristria mortis

. sical. The second letter is dated in “ Then follows the description of the 1552, consequently in the year wbich dişmay and confusion which prevail preceded the death of this unfortunate among the queen's courtiers, several of lady. whom kill themselves in different ways. Col. V. v. 2. cervicibus aspide mollem

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, v. 3. labitur in somnum, trahiturque

SIR, libidine mortis.

IN your entertaining Extracts froin 4.4. Alatu, brevis hunc sine morsi- 1 the Portfolio of a Man of Letters, in bus anguis.

your Magazine for September last, you 1.7. animam pressis effundere venis. have given an account of the origin of 7. 8. I.. mersisque ... clauserunt the sign of Old Mother Red Cap at Camguttura fauces.

den Town. The sign itself must bave 1. 9. Has inter strages solio de. been much older, as I have io my posscendit...

session, a small copper coin, found last " After a long hiatus, we find in the spring, in digging out old foundations seventh column ihe attempts which Pro- for a new house at Highgate, which, on culeius made, by order of Octavianus, to the head, represents a half length of the induce Cleopatra to surrender at dis. old lady in character, holding a mug in cretion.

her right hand, with her left arm a-kimbo Cel, vii. v. 3. Res regina gerit: Proculei... above I. B. and underneath, His Hall videbat

Peny, and on the reverse
V. 4. Atropes inridens.. diversa ..,
4.5. Consilia interitus... amaret.
v. 6. Ter fuerat revocata ... es cum
pa.. atus

v.7. Et patriae comitante suae ; It is about the size of a farthin not
cum ... Caesar
quite so thick.

WM,LEAP, 4.8. -- v.9. Signaque constituit Highgute, October 8, 1812

sie. . in urtum. Col. viii. - urbem;

For the Monthly Magare.
Opsidione tamen nec corpora moenibus aptant,
Castraque pro muris atque arma pedestria

ACCOUNT of a scarce and curie LETTER

of COLUMBUS, lately publed by the Hos inter coetus aliosque ad bella paratus

CHEVALIER MORELLI, The ROYAL Vtraque sollemnis iterum revocaverat orbes

LIBRARY at VENICE. Consiliis nox apta ducum, lux aprior armis. MOLUMBUS addresse, his long leta “ Octavianus enters Alexandria, which

U ter to the king and pen of Spain, city cannot be said to bave been besieged on the 7th of July, 150.which time Meanwhile miglit comes on, and the

is he was at Jamaica, whe he had arrived

to e West Indies. poem does not describe the last moments of Cleopatra."

It contains an accou of the events of M. Morgenstern has promised to give

his passage. He sail from Cadiz on some farther illustrations of this poem,

the 9th of May, 15, and, passing the in the Travels which he intends to pube

"Caparies, arrived aominica, at which lish. He thinks there may be perceived. isle his misfortunes pimenced, “When in the above extracts, the spirit of the com. We hope to enabled, in an early position : the author evinces the gegius of number, to introd, these to our readers.

I reached

John Backster att the mother

Read Capp, in Holloway.


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