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As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their opinions a Maximum of
Ineuence apd Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effect the Curiosity of thuse who read, whether it be for Amusement or for Instruction. - JOHNSON.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. REPORT from the COMMITTEE on the Peria SIR,
tion of W. H. MALLISON. V OURintelligent correspondent Com. The Conimittee to whom the petition of
mon Sense, in a late Monthly Ma. W. H. Mallison was referred, to examine the gazine, in bold, though manly, language, matter thereof, and to report the same, with has called the attention of govercment to their observations and opinion thereupon, to the great loss of our brave and valuable the House, and who were empowered to reseamen through wrecks. On reading the port the minutes of the evidence trken before article I immediately perceived that your them; having examined the witnesses pro. correspondent was unacquainted with
duced before them by the petitioner, Mr. Mal. the following fact:
lison, together with his invention itself, to save
persons from drowning, denominated by him That there is an invention in existence
the "Seaman's Friend," and having wit. that lias received the unanimous acknow
nessed some actual experiments made in the ledginent of a select committee of the
river Thames, by persons who had on the House of Commons, of its power to pre "Seaman's Friend," both in swimming and serve the individual when in deep water, rowing; have unanimously agreed upon the consisting of the following members : following resolutions ; Right lon. Mr. Yorke, first Lord of the 1. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Admiralty, Right Ilon, Mr. Rose, llon. Committee that the application of cork, in. Cant. Paget. R. N. Hon. Capt. Bennet, vented by Mr. Mallison, is effectual for the R.N. Admiral Sir C. Pole, Lord Viscount preservation of persons in water; and it ap. Althorpe. General Tarletón, Sir W. Cur pears from the evidence taken, that experi. tis, Hon. Mr. Lambe, General Ferguson,
ments have been made, as well by persons Lord Ossulston, Admiral Harvey, Mr.
who could swim as by those who could not,
in the open sea and in rough water, and by Peele, Admiral Sir R. Bickerton, Admi
one person in particular, a good swimmer, in ral Sir C. Hamilton, and Lord Viscount
a situation of uncommon peril, all of which Castlereagh ; Samuel Whitbread, esq. in have been quite successful. the chair. —And yet the late and preselit 2. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty Committee, that the application of the inabsolutely refuse to act upon that report, vention to the crews of boats going from ships though scarcely a month passes without to the shore, or returning in stormy weather, a dozen or more being unnecessarily con). would be exceeding useful; and on all dangesigned to death through that report re, rous services of the same nature, especially maining unacted on.
as the use of the invention cannot materially The following, which are the resolu
impede che action of the limbs, either in tions of the committee, will remove all
rowing, walking, or making any necessary
exertion on the beach; and the Committee doubts that may arise in the minds of the
have no doubt that in many dreadful disasgenerality of your readers, who must na
ters which have happened, such as fire, or turally imagine, the Lords of the Adinis
foundering of ships at sea, when in company Talty would joyfully and instantly adopt of other vessels, (as in the instance of the any means likely even to alleviate so de. Prince Gcorge, Admiral Broderick's ship, in structive an evil as wreck, and the many the seven years' war, and the Queen Charother disastrous accidents to which our na- lotte, not many years since, in the Mediterval force, “Britain's pride," from the nature ranean,) if a quantity of the “ Seaman's of the service are ever biable and will. Friends,” invented by Mr. Mallison, had I trust, remove all doubts as to the effica
been on-board, many valuable lives would ey of the invention to effect their preser
have been saved.
3. Resolved, That it is the opinion of this tation in situations where all that is re
Committee, that the invention of Mr. Mais quired, as be observes, is an artificial
lison.is well deserving public attention. support until assistance be rendered them, er they reach the nearest shore.
The principal dangers that occasion MONTILY MAG, No. 233,
the loss of our seamen, are wreck, fire, in the case of the St. George, Hero, De boats upsetting, and what are termed fence, and the Saldanha frigate, as well dangerous services, such as cutting out as all wrecks that can be referred to. vessels, boarding, and making descents Eleven men were saved from the St. on an enemy's country, &c. I shall George, len from the Defence, and eight proceed to shew, that most in all, and all from the Hero, and some men reached in many, of these situations may in fu- the shore from the Saldanlia frigate, but so ture be preserved, whenever it is the exhausted as shortly to die. In the Times will of the Lords Commissioners of the of the 8th of February, it is stated tbat, on Admiralty.
the afternoon of the Christmas day, the last To the first, Wreck-It is proper to of the eleven men who were saved from the define what shipwreck really is, which St. George, left the ship on a small piece of for such a length of time has swept num. plank; and, in the Day of the 5th of Februbers of all nations to an untimely grare, ary, that a child eight years old got on and hitherto eluded the hopes of the shore safely, fastened to a large piece of statesman in every maritime country, in timber. How came these to be saved and his wish to discover any mode by which all the rest to perish? They passed the even a partial alleviation of this destruc. intermediate space of deep water between tive evil might be effected; for which the vessel and the shore; the others were purpose it is necessary to divest it of all all drowned through being incapable of ideal terror, and simplify it to what it passing it. What would have prevented really is; nainely, a vessel driven near the all the officers and inen from being saved shore, with an intermediate space of deep had they possessed this invention they water between the land and itself. Who never could have sunk; they would have ever can pass that intermediate space had the command of the power, and been either by swimming, by ropes, by pieces now living protectors to their families of wreck, &c. &c. is saved; all others and their country-3000 men have thus are lost, and die in the attempt of this perished and yet no means taken to guard short passage. Let an individual be rei). against the recurrence of the evil in fudered, through artificial means, unable to cure. sink, and the very winds and waves that The second, Fire, and Boats upsettingforced the vessel on shore will carry him The second resolution must render it une with safely across that space, and prove necessary for me to say more than josert the means of preserving nine out of ten the following list of 113 officers and men at present lost. This is fully exemplified who have perisbed through that means. List of 5 (licers and 108 Men who have perished through boats upsetting, since the ! Report of the Committee was ordered to be printed on the 5th of June, 1811. Dates-1811.
Officers. I Men.
June 17th | British Press--Lieutenant Vallack, and boat's crew,
carrying dispatches to Sir R. Keals, at Cadiz, from
the Egmont, 74, upset returning from Deal . December 12th Statesman-Seven men belonging to the Scorpion re
'venue cutter, upset on the look-out after smugglers,
boats, oars, &c. came on shore . December 28th Day--A lieutenant and seven men belonging to his
Majesty's-ship Hawke, upset off Nettley Abbey January 16th Courier-The purser and one man, when the boat of
his Majesty's ship Cordelia upset, returning from Dover February 6th, British Press. The boat of the Tremendous, Capt.
Campbell, upset at Plymouth; 4 men drowned ; Capt.
Naiad, upset on going from Spithead to Lymington,
Capt. Carbut and three others saved by a dredgerman March 28th | Times-A lieutenant and 44 men when the launch
of the Raisonable run foul of a gun brig at Sheerness April 15th | British Pres:--The crew of the boat belonging to his
Majesty's ship Minos ; an oar, a hat, and boat bottom
upwards, found on shore April 21st | Times-Seven men belonging to the Scourge Custom-)
House Jugger, sent to look after smugglers; the body off
one since found
cutter, upset near Dungeness; a midshipman and one
Every one of these unfortunate men purpose hy swimming, equally as well as would have been saved, had the report if they had bad a hundred boats. been acted on, and his Majesty's ships As for the third resolution, every body been furnished with the invention, as laughs at it. How can we believe, they certainly as Captain Campbell, of the say, that the House of Cominons declare Tremendous, was, for it would have your invention well deserving public at. been impossible for them to have sunk. tention, and capable of this great na
Fire likewise is settled by the second tional service of preserving those seamen tesolution.
until assistance comes, and yet see the · In regard to the third, Hazardous men perishing by thousands, without service the invention is complete adopting it; knuwing at the saine time, Jy sword, bayonet, and pike proof, that, in less than another twelve-inonth, and does not in the least impede the the same number inay perish for the very general actions of a man when equipped want of this invention. Some people with it, either in attack or defence. What actually told me, it must be a forgery, I mean to express is, that the sword and and will scarcely believe the original Rebayonet of the enemy, instead of passing port of the House of Commons when through his body, would be stopped, or in they see it. But I beg pardon for the fict only a small wound, of perhaps an appearance of levity on such an occasion; inch, or an inch and a half, which was and regret to sav, nothing but an enacte, been proved before the field officers at ment of the House of Commons will inWoolwich. Had Captain Rowley been duce the Lords of the Admiralty to prein possession of some of this simple in- vent, by the adoption of this invention, tention, in his gallant attack off Lan. the loss of our seamen in future similar guilla, on the 10th of May, the following situations. I am happy in saying, I pos. paragraph, inserted in the Gazette of the sess the inost Battering prospects of the Both of July, would never have appeared. subject being brought forward early next "I regret to state that our success has been sessions; a gentleman endeared to society clouded, and our loss on this occasion for his humanity and powerful abilities, much extended, by an unfortunate acci- having written to me to that effect. But, dent which occurred on landing the party; as reason too imperiously assures us, this the America's Yawl being sunk by a unnecessary waste of our bravest men chance shot from the only gun that could never can be arrested, unless that report bear on the boats; and, before assistance be acted 011; I am now employed in could be afforded, I lament to say, ten taking the best legal advice, whether marines and one of the crew were drown. there exists any means of compelling the ed." Nor had Captain Hoste been de. Lords of the Adiniralty to the perforprived of the fruits of his gallant victory, Dance of, what I conceive to be, their through his boars having been rendered duty ere the flouse ireets. Unserviceable; he need only to have I vid expect, wlien the report was or. said, Let an officer and half a dozen men dered to be printed, the Lords of the put on the seaman's friend, faston their Admiralty could not have consigned more cutlasses to their arms, and go and take to death; but, to my application, they repossession; they would have effected their turned for answer, “ They did not think
it expedient the seamen of the royal navy fected. Should you consider the subject should be furnished with cork jackets. of sufficient importance, I will forward June 25, 1811; signed, Barrow:"-ibus the proposition to the Lords of the Adadding insult to injury. This invention miralty for insertion in your next Num. was no cork jacket before the committee ber, and the country will learn with (we had them of all descriptions); on astonishment, that to provide a Seventywhich committee were three Lords of the four with the means of preserving all in fu. Admiralıy. They never acceded to those ture who perish through boats upsetting, unanimous resolutions, acknowledging will not occasion an annual expense to the the power of the invention to preserve country of more than seven pounds; other our seamen, as a cork.jacket, nor did vessels in proportion; and I hope that they reward me with 1001, free of fees, other Journals will not disdain to imitate for producing them a cork-jacker; but your example, and that more able pens an invention acknowledged capable of than mine, will advocate a causc so deeply preserving our scamen, combining at once connected with the vital interests of Great simplicity, cheapness, and durability, in Britain.
W. H. MALLISON, situations where they perish solely for St. Michael's Alley, Cornhil. want of this very means to prevent them froin sinking; and which it was equally To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine the bounden duty of their lordships to SIR, provide for his Majesty's service, as to I HAVE extracted the following sketch secure their salaries.
T of Dovedale from my travelling notes The present Lords of the Admiralty of this year, nearly in the words put down adopt a different mode; wrapping them by me while in the Dale, wben surrounded selves up in their official fortresses, they by its beauties. If you think it deserving have refused to take any notice of my a place in your Magazine, or that it may Inemorials; and, on my applying to Lord contribute to the amusement of your Melville, as the head of that department readers, it is at your service. of the state, he sends me word “that DOVEDALE is about one mile and a the board having already decided on the half out of the road from Ashbourn to merits of your invention, he inust decline Buxton, and about five miles from Asball interference in the matter, April 10, tourn. At some distance you see Thorp 1812." And to my reply, informing his Cloud, and the high naked moors which lordship that the decision he alludes to is juclose the dale, and which in the culcontrary to facts, truth, and the reso- tivated country around them are the prolutions of the House of Commons, and mise of something extraordinary. Enter humbly requesting of his lordship, for the the daie by Thorp Cloud, on the opposake of humanity, the interest of the site side of tbe river Dove. A small fall country, and the future preservation of of the river here relieves the weary trathose brave men, I might be permitted veller, stopping to gaze upon the scene to wait upon him and convince his lord before him. Thorp Cloud, a high bare ship of the truth of the above; that, on linestone bill, of all colours, with here the contrary, all may be saved who and there single trees, or groups of two or perish through boats upsetting when that three, or large patches growing out of report is acied on; and a great alleviathe blue shingles, forms on the whole 4 tion of thie loss of life take place in the very pleasing object. Proceed about general dangers to which our men are two hundred yards along the river, which exposed to, through a proper introduction is narrow, the high bilis almost meeting, of the invention into the service, and and the glen appearing shut up by the which would not take up a quarter of an hills, which here turn abruptly to the hour of bis lordship's time; I received no left, piled one above and behind anofurther answer than referring me to the ther. one of the 10th of April. From fear of The river proceeds about one hundred occupying too much of your Journal, I yards in this direction, and then is turned ani obliged to defer the pleasure of sub- to the right, and winds between hills or mitting my remarks on the various other rocks, still closer together and more reflections contained in the very valuable lofty; the one on the left covered with article, and confine iyself simply to the trees of all kinds, and hues hanging from proof, that no occasion exists for the its sides, and singularly remarkable for death of our seamen through boats up. numerous conical spires of rock, from setting; and that, on the other occasions twenty, thirty, and foriy yards high, rising through which our seamen perish, a perpendicularly from its sides. Here the great alleviation to this loss may be ef. iootpatha ascends, the river having but
perpendicularly jast room, on account of a high project- Indeed, on account of this archway, ing nose which overhangs it, in push it- which has been called the church, and of self between the hills. A liule further on some huge projecting upright masses of the right side, are several masses or walls «rock, opposite to it on the other side of of rocks, covered with ivy and other the streain, this is properly the entrance climbers, which appear like the ruins of a into Dovedale on this side; and a most castle. A little further, on the same side, magnificent entrance it is. a fine noble arch appears, almost hanging The river Dove, however, continues in the air near the top of the cliff, and is to run for some way in a very narrow like a grand entrance into the court-yard dale, between higli hills, which is now of some old castle; reach it by a steep called by another name; and, after the ascent; sit down in the court-yard, closed magnificence of the scenery that we have in almost by the cliffs around; hence the just witnessed, has very little of inview is most singularly pleasing and pica terest.
Joun Scales. wuresque; the river and opposite hill ap- Stoke Newington, Sept. 20, 1812. pearing a singular vista through the archand through a chasm between the right To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. pillar of ihe archway, and the cliff be SIR, hind, the river is seen far below to lose I HAVE read with the greatest interitself in an immense and deep fissure, or I est, in your Magazine for July 1812, chasm, between the almost perpendicular the letter addressed to you by Mr. Juha eliffs. Their sides being cloatbed with Farey, sen. This letter deserves much trees to the summit, make you doubtful notice, and the details to which it will whether the view is beautiful or terrify- lead me, may contribute to render your ing. Behind, in the hill, are two small Journal (very useful in many respects) caves, the one called Reynaru's hall, the a repository of facts and conclusions ether his kitchen. Descend to the river, concerning every essential part of geoand enter this fissure, where in most parts logy, one of the most important among is but just room for one person to walk natural sciences. along lhe stream. At one part, where Mr. Farey agrees with me, not only the hills are distant from each other orly on the errors of the system of Common about twenty-four feet, at the base of a Seose, of which I wrote to you in a letter steep frightful cliff, bare to the top, the inserted in your Journal for June last, path is over stepping stones in the river. but of that of Professor Playfair's system, • Here; (in the straits, as this part of the in bis Illustrations of the Huttonian dale has been called,) the river, which in Theory; and we unite also in the same its whole course has been clear and rapid, general sentiment, that errors in geology tumbling over two or three small falls, may lead to fatal consequences, with becomes deeper from being contracted respect to the faith in Revelation; as between the bills, and dashes rapidly has happened to Coinmon Sense. But ainong the stones in its narrow bed. Mr. Farey mentions some points on Through the straits," about two hun which we differ; and, these shall be the dred yards, and the entrance to it from subject of a calm examination in this this side, is still more remark able from paper, the only way to discover truth. Iwo upright rocks, or spires, one on each Mr. Farey says, that he is sorry to ob. side of the river, which I call the “ pile serve, that some of his publications, and, lars of Hercules." Here the hills fall in particular, his paper in the Philosoback, and allow room for a small piece phical Transactions for 1811, have not of soft pasturage, through which the river attracted my attention; and he conwiods in a reedy bed. In about one ceives, “ that, if I would go over the field hundred yards on the right side of the of his observations, in and near Derbyriver, the range of hills turns to the right, shire in particular, with the saine ear. and another range of hills takes its place, nest desire to sift into their truth and forming a sort of dell; and the river turns correctness, as I have displayed in my to the left, again having but just room geological travels in following Professor for its waters. The hills here becoine Playfair in his ill.judged systeinatic supless interesting, and stripped of their beau- port of the Huttonian or Plutonic doctiful cloathing. At this place are two trine, I would see reason to abandon other arches in the hill, where it begins several of my favourite geological te. to turn off to the right; one of them is nets." very large and handsome, and is a very. Mr. Farey could not know what was fine object, entering the cale this way, implied, in this respect, in the following