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of Clifton.-J. W. Cruttwell, esq. of the Somerset, and sister to Edward Boucher, esq. 83d regiment of foot, to Mary, only daugh- solicitor of that town. ter of N. Hurst, esq. of Hinckley. Mrs. At Upton, aged 62, Miss Ann Genge.' Coward, relict of T. c. esq. of Spargrove, Ac Bradford Abbas, in his 69d year, the and of the Circus.

Rev. E M West, rector of Clifton, and Ac Bristol, Mr. H. Saunders, of Bach, to vicar of Bradford and Haydon, Mrs. Mary Davies, of Almondsbury.

Miss Lucas, only daughter of Mr. James L Mr. Benjamin Wise, of Keynsham, to of Stourton Caundle. Miss Mary Spragg, only daughter of the late At Veymouth, Colonel Nicholas Bayley, Mr. S. S of Trowbridge.

aged 64, formerly of the Royal West MidJ. Salmon, esq. of Chilcompton, to Au. dlesex Militia. gusta Sopbia, only daughter of the late Rev.

DEVONSKIRL. J. Richards, rector of Tetbury.

Married.) Mr. P. Jones, of Exeter, atDied ] At Bath, aged 13, Harriet, second torney-at-law, to Mary, second daughter of daughter of the late Mr. H. Bowen.-In William Brock, esq of Heavitree. Upper Charles-street, Mrs. White.- Miss At Axminster, the Rey. Mr. Hanover, of Purnell, daughter of the late P. esq. Ashburton, to Miss Bull, of Arminster. of Proombridge.-Mrs. Ramsay, relict of At Exeter, M. H. Thompson, esq. only George R. csq. of Bath.Mr. Britton, of son of M. Co Bliss Tonkin, only daughQuiet-street.

ter of M. N. T. esq. barrister, and a bencher * At Swainswick, Mrs. Clement, wife of R. of the honourable society of the Middle C. esq. banker.

Temple. At Bath, Edward, the eldest son of Mr. Mr. William Lancaster, organist of St. John Upham, bookseller, on the Walks - John's, Plymouth-Dock, to Miss Neck, of Mr. Goldstone, an opulent farmer, of Salt. West-Teignmouth. ford. --Mrs. Spreat, of George-street.

At Drewsteigaton, Mr. Samuel Burge, Mrs. Bayly, wife of Mr. C. B. solicitor, eldest son of Samuel B. eso. of Castle-Cary, pf Frome.

Somerset, to Miss Pites, daughter of the At Batheasten, the Rev. T. H. Noyes. - lace Joseph P. esq. of the former place.

At Cadbury, the Rev. Dr. Askew, aged Died.) At Plymouth, G. G Herena, esg. 80, many years rector of that place, and for- aged 78. He was for many years secretary merly of Cartmel.

to the late Admiral Graves. DORSETSRIR E.

Af his seat, Coombe, near Girrisham,

Reymundo Putt, esq. He served thc pffice From a statement in the Dorchester Jour.

of high-sheriff in the year 1800. nal, it appears that the wheat crops of Dore

Mr. Churchill, music.master, of Exeter. setshire and Somersetshire have been asper

CORNWALL fained to exceed in quantity those of the two

Died.] Ac Budock, aged 113, Mrs. Mary preceding years together.

Harris. She retained the perfect possession Married.) Ar Charmputh, Mr. William

of her faculties to the last, and has left two Strang ways, attorney-at-law, to Miss Eli. zabeth Pitt, only daughter of the late John

daughters, oue aged 70, and the other 80 Pitt, esg. of Long Sutton.

Mrs. Baron, widow of Jasper B. esą late of At Charlton Marshal, Mr. W. Spear, of

Tregaer-house, 38. Pentridge, to Mary H. Randell, daughter

Mrs, Horndon, late of Callington, 8%. of the late Joseph R. esg. of Gussage. At Bedminster, Mr, Richard Wakefield,


An idea may be formed of the immensity of to Mrs. Hester Hunt, second daughter of Mr. John Greenway.

of the harvest in Wales, from the fact, that

wheat has fallen in most of the markets up"Ar Fordington, Ms. Davis, of Dorches'er,

wards of two guineas a quarter. to Miss Tigard, daughter of Mr. T. of West

reste Died.] John James, esq. Black Hall, Monte mill-house, near Dorchester. Ac Gillingham, William Willis, gent. of

gomeryshire. Wincanton, aged 80 ; to Miss Lucy Doggrill,

In his 91st year, John Lloyd, esq. of Aber.

(2086""", analt. ' a blooming girl of 24..

"George Rose, esq. of Llanerchydol. Died.) Mary, daughter of the late T. Doucher, ¢sq. of Ford, near Wiveliscombe,

At Cardiff, Miss Lydia Basselt, sister to John B. esg. of Bonvilstone.

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REPORT OF DISEASES. In the Practice of a Physician, in Westminster ; from the 20th of August, to the

9.20th of September, 1812. CRYSIPEL AS .. .......

...1 | Asthenia ...... Aptha ...............,

3 Marasmus'... Scarlatina Anginosa ........ 2 Scorbutus ......


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Peripneumonia Trachealis ....

1, Dyspepsia ..... Variola ..........................

1 | Gastrodynia... Synochus.......................

2 | Enterodynia ... Febris Intermittens ....

Icterus .......
Rheumatismus Acutus ...

Diarrhea .....
Chronicus ..................

Dysenteria ...
Arthriticas ...............

1 Cholera .... Lumbago ...........

3 | Ascarides ....

. Cephalalgia ........

2 Paralysis .. Pleurodyne........

3 Epilepsia ...... Tussis et Dyspnea ...

15 | Psora ........ Hydrocephalus .................... 2 | Lepra Alphos ....... Hydrothorax ..................... Amenorrhea ............... Anasarca ......................... 1 | Leucorrhai ....................... 3

The weather, during the last month, has been particularly fine; the prevailing wind N.W. Thermometer, highest 74°; lowest 50°. Baro aeter 300.--291. The quantity of rain little more than half an inch.

Complaints in the bowels, generally frequent at this season of the year, have not been pre. salent, and those which did occur, appeared to be chiefly occasioned by improper food, and bo. dily fatigue. Although the weather, temperate as it has been, cannot be supposed to have bad much influence on these cases, unquesitonably, in the autumnal season, the disposition for them is augmented; they are produced by siighter irregularities in regimen, than usually operate, and therefore mori caution is requisite.

Various forms of bilious affections have occurred. In these instances it is essential to discriminate the head-ach, which is generally present; for it is not unirequently regarded as the chief symptom, and the remedies directed to its relief are applied to the wrong organ, and consequently fail in their effect. A middle aged female had been affected for several days with pain in the head, loss of appetite, and nausea; could obtain no sleep, was much depressed in mind, and so feeble as to be unable to sit up in bed. She had formerly been subject to si. milar complaints, but less severely, and had usually been bled and blistered, without however receiving any permanent benefit. The head-ach was so intense at the time of my visiting her, that, chough extremely feeble, she entreated to be bled. This, however, was not allowed; medicines, adapted to alleviate the more urgent symptoms were administered, but no decided relief occurred till after the repeated exhibition of small doses of calomel and rbubarb.

. Most of the complaints denominated nervous, indicated by head-ach, sense of fulness and giddiness in the head, dimness of sight, oppression about the stomach, impaired appetite and diminished power in the sense of taste and smell, indifference respecting the affairs of life, with miental depression, are consequent on, a vitiated condition or irregular course of the biliary secretion, which, far irom being corrected or improved, is generally rendered worse by the drams usually given under the specious guise of cordials and nervous medicines. Asclepiades wisely curtajied the catalogue of medicaments, because most of them are hurtful to the stomach :

"Omnia fere medicamenta stomachum lædant, malique succi sint :" and, since his days, simplicity in prescribing has constituted one of the chiefest improvements in our art. Leicester Square, September 26, 1812.


MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. THE following observations by Lord Sheffield, on the introduction of SPANISH SHELT into + the United Kingdom, deserves notice. "Their reputation, (says his Lordship) has suddenly fallen, but I am not aware that it has happened on sufficient ground or trial Mr. Coke, of Norfolk, has declared himselí unfavorable to the Spanish breed, and [upderstand the objection is entirely to the carcass; for the superiority of the wool, over the English fine wools, cannot be doubted. The Merino wool, grown in this country, is now very readily sold at an advanced price, and great encouragement is held out in future. The additional quantity of wool these sheep produce, being much more than the South Down, and in many instances double the quantity of the latter, added to the well authenticated statements of the tendency to fatten equal to any except the Leicester breed, are circumstances strongly in their favor. It is not a fair trial to attempt to fatten those starved animals, landed here in the most miserable condition, and which, perhaps, .ever were in a much betier state ; but, at my table, the first crosses of South Down, with Spanish, have not been distinguished from the whole breed of the former. The importation of Spanish sheep has much decreased : yet in the year, ending the 31st of December, 1811, seven hundred and eighty-one were imported into Bristol. The consideration of the large sums which might be saved to this country, by raising wool equal in quality to that generally imported, should induce' us not to relinquişk hastily an object of such importance. In Ireland, the growth of Spanish wool is cultivated with great spirit; it sells at very high prices, and the cloths made of it are excellent. From twelve to fifteen thousand Spanish sheep have been landed in North America; the prices of the rams have been as high as in Englaod; and it is declared, that the imported Merinos are very hardy, and bear the climate of Connecticut better than the native sheep. The spirited and intelligent exertions of Mr. Webb Hall, of Sneyd Park, scar Bristol, must tend essentially to establish an adequate or fair price for wool of the Spanish breed, grown in the United Kingdom. "He has erected large and commodious buildings for washing and sorting wools and also a lambing-house, capable of receiving from 1,500 to 2000 ewes commodiously. He washes and sorts the Merino wool according to the Spanish method; and the importers of that article agree in opinion, that no wool, coming from Spain, is so well sorted and prepared as at Mr. Hall's. The want of this method of washing, sorting, and preparing the Merine wool grown in England, occasioned the greatest difficulty in the sale of it; and, when disposed of in the fleece, the price was greatly inferior to that of wool of the same quality coming from Spain."


At Monmouth fair, Ryeland wool lately sold at 24. 3d. per pound. At Hereford, the price was better, the common Rycland sold from 25. 10d. to 3s. 1 d. per pound. Merino crosses from 3s. 7d. 10 ôs. Ofd. At Ross fair, Ryeland wool sold at 3s. 24d. per pound. In Cheshire, Delamere-forest wool sold at 2s. 9d. per pound. At Colchester fair, South-down sold at 2s. 3d., 2s. 4d., and 28. 6d. per pound. At Thetford, some was sold at 23. 3d., and Merino crosses at 45. per pound; and the best Southdowns at 2s. 6d. per pound.

By the important commercial evidence given to the Houses of Parliament in support of the setitions for the repeal of the Orders in Council, it appeared that the population of Birming bam, and the neighbouring manufacturing districts, is nearly 400,000 souls, all employed in hardwares, and in similar descriptions of manufactures. That 50,000 are employed in the manufacture of iron, and in the production of coals and minerals for the manufactures of Birmingham, and within fifteen miles of Birmingham. That the principal manufactures of Bisa mingham are brass-foundries, buttons, jewelry, gold and silver plated ware, and hardware of every description. That the brass-foundry trade is confined almost to the town of Birg mingham; employs about 10,000. That labourers obtain in the iron-works 205. a week.

That the export trade of Birmingham has for some years been principally confined to the United States of America. That 800,0001, or a million, of Birmingham manufactures, bare been exported to America in years of open intercourse. A trifting export takes place to Por. tugal, Spain, and Malia, South America, and a very small quantity to Heligoland, in all about 200,000l. or 300,000!. per annum. And that the value of these goods is almost enthely composed of labor.

'l liat the Staffordshire iron-works are interested considerably in the manufacture of iron pipes for the different water-works companies, forming in all parts of England.

That, till within these few years, a considerable export of steel took place to the United States of America, but the Americans have now erected steel furnaces, procuring their iron from the same mines in Sweden from which we procure it, and that they are not likely to want any more steel from England.

That ten thousand families are employed in the nail trade; that, for seven or eight years, experiments have been making in the United States of America, for the manufacture of nails; but they had not succeeded in the manufacture of nails, or the conversion of steel, till wi:hin the last three or four years. They have erected a kind of stamp machinery, nut altogether a perfect machinery, but a machinery capable of being made perfect, and capable of superseding in ll mechanical labor; that is to say, no more nails will be made with hammers.

Toat about half the manufactures of Birmingham are consumed within Gieat Britain and Iruand. That the Birmingham manufactures exported to the West Indies arc very smal! in amount (not 100,0001.) That 200,000/. or one-fifth of the Birmingham exports to the United States of America, are exported to South America, and different parts of the ConLident, Spain, Portugal, Sicily, Malla, Heligoland, and the poris of the Baltic ; nearly the wibule from Liverpool. That a complete set of iron-works cannot be erected for less than 50,6001. ; ond, in the neighbourhood of Birmingham, there are at least ten sets of iron-works that have cost at least 50,0001. besides many others of less amount; and that the weekly consumption of coal in a great torge, in two blast furnaces, is six or eight hundred tons per week, and in a large iron work 1900. That Birmingham is of little consideration in the nail trade, there being but iwo or three principal manufactures there; Dudley the chief place, West Brom, wich and Stuurbridge being the others. That from twenty-five to thirty thousand people are employed in the nail trade. That bags of nails contain from 10,000 to 1,000,000. That nails made by tlic pressing machine must be used for very soft kinds of work. The sumber of masters in the jewelry and gilt-toy trade is about 150; and the number of men, women, and children employed under them, from 6,000 to 7,000. That the gile-toy trade is the worst trade of all to lay by, that the change of fashion operates so much in that trade, that, if goods are kept a year, or two years, the fashion goes by, and some of the articles, that were worth twenty shillings, are no: worth twenty pence; besides, these slight gilt articles carnish and change. That a single article, perhaps a watch-key, goes twenty times through the hands of a person, and is only to be sold for a penny or three-halfpence. That no trade in Birmingham can be carried on with so small a capital. It is chiefly in the sum chat is paid for manufacturing that the value of the article consists.

That a great part of the manufacture of SHETTIELD is carried on by persons with small capital. That, when the trade is regularly open, one-third of the manufacturing population are employed in the trade to the United States. That they have also an export trade to the Mediterranean, and likewise a little to South America; to Portugal and Spain, the Meditersanean and South America, and to Canada,

That of the POTTERIES in STAFFORDSHIRE, the European market, used to take considerably more than one-third of the whole; and that the price in the hume market is see duced from 20 to 25 per cent. That there is no other line which requires so great an extens of buildings, in proportion to the returns, as the pottery does. That the rates of workmen's wages are very various, from fifteen shillings a week to five-and-thirty shillings a week, and very often to forty, dependmg upon tho skill and quickness with which a man works. That the number of hands employed, when at work to the full extent, were 13, 14, or 15,000, and about one-third, or one-fourth for American trade. That the clay used principally is che pipe-clay, the potter's-clay from Dorsetshire and Devonshire. That a great part of th: most bulky materials comes from the river Thames, about Gravesend, the fiint stones, and that the raw materials imported in good times, are forty thousand cons annually, brought coastwise to Liverpool or Hull, but chiefly to Liverpool.

GOLD rose one shilling per ounce on the 9th of last July. It rose again one shilling per ounce on the 2nd of September , one shilling on the 7th, and two shilling more on the 12th! SILVER also rose' two pence per vance on the 2nd of September. The present price charged by the London refiners is, TINE GOLD 51. 14s, per ounce,-fine silver 7s. 3d. ditco. Hence even the Bank Tokens (alloyed as they are,) must soon disappear! The guinca is now worth it. 96. 6d. or, in other words, six one-pound noces are worth only four guincas!

The 3 per cent. consols on the 28th were 57, the 5 per cents. 871, and the omnium at 3 premium.

Ac Messrs. Wolfe and Co.'s, Canal Office, No. 9, Change Alley, Cornhill. - London Dock stock shares fecch 1071. per cent.--West India ditto, 1491. Jitco.-East London Water. works, 801. ditco.-West Middlesex ditto, 441, dicco.-Grand Junction Canal ditto, 2081. dito.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. TN the south-western, and all the forward counties, harvest is finished, with the exception

of beans, which also are nearly barvested. The same may be said of the earliest districts - in Scotland. The late districts are now in the midst of their harvest. A more beautiful and prosperous season, with respect to the weather, was never experienced ; but, from the cager desire of anticipating the fall of markets, perhaps a greater quantity of wheat has been hurried immaturely to the threshing floor than was ever known in any previous year. Yet the spea culation has by no means succeeded, for great part of the wheat so hurried has remained unsold upon the markets as unfit for immediate use, and must be kiln-dried at great expense and waste. In the mean time dry saleable samples have hitherto suffered but a small declension of price. The probability however ought to be noted, that many errors in judgment were committed this year as to the state of the wheat crop, which in some parts, from the peculiar nature of the season, wore the appearance of ripeness a week or two before it was actually so. The wheat cut in that deceptive state is, by consequence, shrivelled and light, and will detract considerably from the goodness of the general sample. Far from the ears of corn being of such magnitude this year as stated in the public papers, it is generally reported that the - wheat car was never smaller. It is nevertheless given on the highest authority, chat there is a probability of the present growih of corn being equal to the consumption of the country for the ensuing year; although there never has been a September, within the last fifty years, in which so small a quantity of old corn remained in store.

Of COTA and puise, generally, there is not an average crop. Beans are partially good ; pease generally bad, quantity and quality, Barley an inferior crop. Oats probably may reach an average crop, and are said to be of good quality in Scotland. Potatoe-digging not yet finished, but the roots most abundant, and where good species were planted, of fine mealy quality.


Hop-picking completed, the quantity small, the quality in great part very bad. Second crops of hay and clover well made and abundant. Turnips, a fair crop, although backward ; the use of the Swedish species declining in the south.

Cattle markets lower. Lean cattle, Scotch, Welsh, and Irish, in plenty, and store pigs. Fat pigs and lambs scarce and dear. Wool rather a rising market. The farmers universally engaged in threshing and sending corn to market.

Smithfield: Beef 4s. 6d. to 59. 60,--Mutton 5s. 4d. to 65. 4d.-Veal 6s, to 7s. 60.Lamb 5s. 8d. to 65.-Pork 6s. to 88. Bacon 8s. to 85. 4d. - (rish ditto 73. to 75. 8d -Skins 20s. to 40s.-Fat 5s. -Oil. Cake 161. 16s. per thousand. - Potatoes 5l. per ton.

Corn Exchange: Wheat 70s. to 158s. -Barley 48s. to 585.-Oats 50s. to 663.-The quartern loaf 200.- Hay 31. 58. to 51. 10s. per load.-Clover 71. to 81. 85.-Scraw 11. 10s. to 21. 12s. 60

Middlesex, September 26, 1812.

Observations on the State of the eaiher, from the 24th of August, 1812, to the
24th of September, 1812, inclusive; Four Miles N. N. W. St. Paul's.

Highest, 300.00 Sept. 13, Wind S.W. Highest, 71°. Sept. 5. Wind N.W.
Lowest, 29 .48 - 18. — W.

Lowest, 38o. 19. - N.
The mercury

This variation occur. rose from 49.48

red between the lith Greatest 49-hun. to 29.90, between


and 12tb instant. The variation in > dredths of the middle of the

variation in 180.

hottest part of the for24 hours. Janinch. day of the 18th, 24 hours.

mer being 68°, and of

) and the same hour

the latter the mercury of the 19th.

- was no higher than 50% The quantity of rain fallen since the last Report being but triAing, the account of it will be doferred till che next number. i

The month now closed has been remarkably fine, we have not observed more than four or five days on which there has been sain, and, of the others, 21 may be reckoned brilliant. The weather has in general been cold; the average heat being for the month but 57-48, which is about 5 degrees less than the heat of the same periods of 1810 and 1811. The crops are, however, abundant, and in almost all the southern parts of the kingdom well housed, The winds have been variable, but chiefly from the north and westerly points. In the evening of the 20th, at half past nine, there was seen by an Observer, at Cheltenham, a very un. common phenomenon of what is usually called a falling star; but, instead of appearing to de. scend, it swept along the heavens apparently about 45 or 50 degrees, keeping nearly the same altitude till it vanished: the space of time clapsed from its first appearance to its exit could not be less than 25 or 30 seconds. It was seen from the Crescent, and was of course in the East, probably 550 above the horizon..


TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c. After the Article on the Finances, by Common Sense, at page 224, had been put to Press, it was ascertained that the sum raised for the public service from January 5, 1810, to Junuary 5, 1811, was 99,110,0001, and to January 5, 1812, was 105,719,000l. so that the progression is stili more alarming and rapid than our Correspondent had culculated, he having taken the suns at only 98 and 104 millions. The current year, to January 1813, cannot therefore be less than 110 millions !

In order to discharge certuin arreurs due to several respected Correspondents, we have been compelled to defer the interesting Communications of Mr. De Luc-Mr. MALLISON-Mr. ADAMSON-Mr. SCALES-Mr. Loret, on Agriculture and Commerce-Mr. BLYTHL-Mr. llERBERT Mr. BENNETT, and several others, toge. ther with the continuation of ihe valuablc Reflections on the Origin of History, che Letters of a Wanderer, &c. c.

We thank Messrs. Black, T'UCKER, Connor, Parry, and others, for their recent contributions to our poelical department.

The Committee of the Friends of Psace in the three Midland Counties will perceive that we have printed their petition at length as a model for the imitation of other districts.

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