Abbildungen der Seite

were driven from their positions one after

Eleventh Bulletin. another. The woods were carried by the

Witepok, Aug. 4. bayonet.

His majesty has sent the army into quara On the 27th, at day-break, che Viceroy ters of refreshment. The heat is excessive, made the division Broussier file off in advance. greater than what it is in Italy. The therThe 18th rogiment of light Intantry, and the mometer is at 26 and 27 degrees. The nights brigade of light cavalry of the Baron de Piré, even are warm. wheeled to the right. The division Broussier General Shamenskoi, with two divisions of marched by the great road, and repaired a the corps of Bagration, having been cut off small bridge which the enemy had destroyed. from that corps, and not being able to rejoin At day-break the enemy's rear-guard, con- it, has entered Volhynia, effected a junction sisting of 10,000 cavalry, was perceived with the division of recruits commanded by drawn up en ecbellon on the plain.

General Tormanzow, and marched upon the The division Deizon defiled on the right. 7th corps. He surprised and cut off the The king of Naples directed the wood and Saxon Brigadier-Gen. Klengel, who had un. the enemy's batteries to be attacked. In less der his command an advanced guard of two than an hour all the positions of the enemy battalions, and two squadrons of Prince Clewere carried ; and he was driven across the ment's regiment. plain beyond a small river which enters the After a resistance of six hours' duration, Dwina below Witepsk. The army took a the greater part of this advanced guard were position on the banks of this river at the dis- killed or taken. General Count Regnier tance of a league from the town.

could not come up to their assistance sooner The enemy displayed in the plain 15,000 than two hours after the affair was over. cxvelry, and 60,000 Infantry. A battle was Prince Schwartzenberg marched on the 30th expected next day. The Russians boasted of July, to join General Regnier, and push that chey wished to give battle. The Em- the war with spirit against the enemy's division, peror spent the remainder of the night in re- On the 30th, Marshal the Duke of Rega connoitring the field, and in making his dis- gio marched from Polotsk upon Sebei. He positions for next day ; but at day-break the met General Wittgenstein, whose corps had Rossian army was retreating in all directions been reinforced by that of Prince Repnin. towards Smolensk.

An engagement took place near the Castle of The fruits of the three actions of Ostrovno Jacoubovo. The 26th regiment of light inare ten pieces of cannon of Russian manufac- fantry obtained much glory. ture taken, the cannoneers sabred ; 20 cais The division of Legrand gloriously bore up soons of ammunition ; 1500 .prisoners; 5 or against the fire of the entire of the enemy's 6000 Russians killed or wounded. Our lose corps. amounts to 200 killed, 900 wounded, and On the 31st the enemy marched upon the about 50 prisoners.

Drissa, in order to attack the Duke of Reg. On the 28th, at day-break, we entered gio, upon his flank, as he marched. The Witepsk, a town of 30,000 inhabitants. It marshal took up a position with the Drissa in has 20 convents. We have found in it some his front. magazines, particularly one of salt, valued at On the 1st of August, the enemy were 15,000,000.

foolish enough to cross the Drissa, and to pre. While the army was marching on Witepsk, sent themselves in battle array in frost of the the Prince of Eckmuh) was attacked at Mo- ed corps. The Duke of Reggio allowed half hilow. Bagration passed the Berezina at Bo. their corps to cross, and as soon as he perbrunski, and marched upon Novoi-bickow. ceived about 15,000 men and 14 pieces of At day break on the 230, 3000 Cossacks at cannon over, he unmasked a battery of tacked the 3d tegiment of Chasseurs, and took 40 pieces of cannon, which played with 300 of them, among whom were the Colo grape shot for nearly an hour. At the same nel and four officers, all wounded. The go. time the divisions Legrand and Verdier made cérale was beat ; an action commenced. The a running charge with the bayonet, anu drove Russian General Steverse, with two select the 15,000 Russians into the river. All divisions, began the attack. From eight in their aruillery and military chests taken, the morning till five in the afternoon, the 3000 prisoners, among whom were several firing was kept on a strip of wood, and at a officers, and one of General Wittgenstein's bridge which the Russians wished to force. Staff, together with 3500 nen killed and At fire, che Prince of Eckmubl caused three wounded, are the result of this affair. choseo battalions to advance, put himself at We have found at Witepsk proclamations their head, overthrew the Russians, carried issued by Prince Alexander of Wurtemberg; their positions, and pursued them for a league. and we have learned that the people of Russia The loss of the Russians is estimated at 3000 are amusing themselves with singing Te Deum killed and wounded, and 1100 prisoners. on account of the victories obtained by the We lost 700 killed and wounded. Bagration Russians. repulsed, retired upon Bickhow, where he

Twelftb Bulletin. passed the Borysthenes, to advance towards

Witepsk, Aug. 7. Smolensk.

At the battle of the Dsissa, the Russian


General Koulnien, a distinguished officer of that he was the creature of no foreign the light troops, was killed ; 10 other gene. power. Yet his indifference in regard rals were wounded ; four colonels were killed. to France served our corrupt and misGeneral Rioard, with his brigade, entered

chievous newspapers as a means of con. Dunabourg on the 1st of August; he found

tinuing their delusious, and feeding the eight pieces of cannon; all the remainder had

people with the hope, instead of he fact, been taken away. The Duke of Tarento also

that the forces of Sweden would be arrived there on the 2d. Thus Dunaburg, that the enemy has been fortifying for five brought to act in defence of Sweden's

The falsehoods years, where he has expended several millions, oppressor, Russia! which cost him more than 20,000 men during circulated on this subject misled for a the labor, has been abandoned without few weeks, and answered certain por. firing a musket, and is in our power, like the poses, when they were dispelled by the other works of the enemy, and like the en- King of Sweden's Speech to the Deputies trenched camp which he had on the Drissa. of the Estates of the Kingdom, at Ote

Proclamation of the Emperor Alexander. bro, on the lath of August, 1812:[Published by the Commander in Chief, Gen. " It was with the height of confidence that Bennigsen.]

I summoned you, good gentlemen and Swedish « RUSSIANS!-The enemy has quitted

men, to meet and consult on matters of the the Dwina, and bas proclaimed his intention

greatest consequence to our native country. of offering batrle. He accuses you of timi. It is now that, with my hopes for the future dity, because he mistakes or affects to mis being confirmed, I close your discussions, take the policy of your system. Can he You have followed the advice of your king then have forgotten the chastiscment which and found that it was conformable with what your valour inflicted at Dunaburg and Mibr, your own bearts and the welfare of the kingwherever, in short, it has been deemed pro- dom demanded of you : animated by the spirit per to oppose him?Desperate counsels are of unity, you have laid aside private interest alone compatible with the enterprise he has for the general well-being; and united for the undertaken and the dangers of his situation; defence of Sweden those powers which, parted, but shall we, therefore, be imprudent and would only have witnessed her degradation or forego the advantages of our own? He would her fall. You bave sbewn ibat a king, with march to Moscow-let him. But can he, by uprigbo intensions and an open candour, need the temporary possession of that city, conquer not to fear, even under foreign circumstances of the empire of Russia, and subjugate a popula. great import, to rely on the deduries of bis peso tion of 30,000,000. Distant from his re

ple; and that no foreign power cap loosen sources near 800 miles, he would, even if or break those bonds of union which bind victorious, not escape the fate of the warrior together the heir to Sweden's throne and the Charles XII. When pressed on every side by free-burn heirs to Sweden's soil. Since I last hostile armies, with a peasantry sworn to his saw von assembled before me, the war du the destructionrendered furious by his excesses, Continent has broken out in a greater degree, and irreconcileable by difference of religion, and has been accompanied with all those misof customs, of language, how would he re- fortunes which are usually inseparable from treat?

it. Confident in the maxim which has been con" RUSSIANS!-Rely on your emperorfirmed by experience, tbat strong defensive pre. and the commanders whom he has appointed. Farations are tbe surest means to insure ibe peaceHe knows the ardent and indignant valourable situation of a state, I have found it neceswhich burns in the bosoms of his soldiers at

sary to pay my particular attention to the mithe boasts of the enemy. He knows that litary force of the kingdom. My own and they are eager for battle ; that tey grieve at my son's inclination, should render you as• its being deferred, and the thought of re. sured. good gentlemen and Swedish men, tiring. This cruel necessity will not exist tbar ibe warlike force sball never be employed 10 long. Even now the period of its duration

on any ciber purpose than to defend the bonor of tbe lessens. Already are our allies preparing to nation and i be interest of our native country, inenace the rear of the invader; while he, in " To detend the independence of Sweden veigled too far to retreat with impunity, shall against present shocks and future misfortunes soon have to combat with the seasons, with should be the united wish of yourselves and famine, and with innumerable armies of Rus

me. The unity of the Swedish people, the siaus.

valor of her sons capable of bearing arms, “SOLDIERS, when the period for offering

my son's protecting sword, and the warm af. battle arrives, your Emperor will be an eye.

fećtion I bear to our native country, shall wilness of your exploits, and reward your va- lead the war to this end. I have on this oclur. (Signed) “ALEXANDER.”

casion, good genilemen and Swedish men, SWEDEN.

deeined it likewise needful to inform you, that In a late Magazine we gave an outline I have, on the 18th of last month, conclud of the causes which led to the adoption a peace with ihe king of the United Kingdom or General Bernadotie as Crown Prince of Great Britain and Ireland ; and that the ra, of Sweden, by which it would appear cification of this treaty of peace was exchanged


the day before yesterday. Good gentlemen and, supported by the heavy cavalry of the of the knigbthood and nubility, continue King's German Legion from Torrelodones, what you have been and still are, true to the lie drove in the French cavalry, about two Demory of your forefathers, true to your thousand in number, and placed himself at joint duties, and to the great demands which Majalahonda, with the Portuguese cavalry your native country as upon you.

and Captain M’Donald's troop, and the ca. SPAIN.

valry and light infantry of the King's GerThe last advices from Spain left the man Legion at Las Royas, about chree quarMARQUESS WELLINGTON advancing to ters of a mile distant, i wards Burgos, to dislodge from that city

The enemy's cavalry which had been the remains of the French arıny, of dri

driven off in the morning, and had moved towhich MARSIAL Massena now has the

wards Naval Carnero, returned about five in command. They also left MARSHAL

afiernoon, and Brigadier-General D'Urban

having formed the Portuguese cavalry in SOULT with the army of the south, on his march from Seville towards Madrid,

front of Majalahonda, supported by the horse

artillery, orvered the cavalry to charge the and it appeared likely that he would be

enemy's leading squadrons, which appeared joined by Suchet and Joseph Bonaparte. too far advanced to be supported by their

A very gallant affair took place after main body. The Portuguese cavalry adthe retreat of the French army from Se. vanced to the attack, bu: unfurtunately turned ville, between its rear guard and a British about before they reached the enemy; and they and Spanish force under COLONEL SXER- fled through the village of Majalahonda, and RETT, who succeeded in expelling the

back upon the German dragoons; leaving French froin Seville with considerableloss.

behind them, unprotected and unsupported, Large tracts of Spain are now therefore

those guns of Captain Macdonald's troop,

which had been moved forward to co operate relieved from the presence of the French

with the cavalry. By the activity of the ofli. armies, and hopes are entertained of the

cers and soldiers of Captain Macdonald's ultimate success of the Anglo-Spanish

troop, the guns were however moved off"; cause.

but, owing to the favourable nature of the On the 24th the French raised the

ground over which they were moved, the siege of Cadiz, and concentrated all their carriage of one was broken, and two ocbers forces in Seville, under Marshal Soult, were overturned; and these three guns fell who afterwards marched for Cordova. into the enemy's hands. Joseph Bonaparte and Suchet are said to The Portuguese dragoons, having fled be at Valencia, Massena has entered through Majalahonda, were rallied and reSpain by Bayonne, with large reinforce

formed upon the heavy dragoons of the King's ments, and Spain seems destined to be

German Legion, which were formed between

that village and Las Royas. The German the grave at once of the French and the

cavalry charged the enemy, although under English.

many disadvantages, and stopped their furOn the 12th of August the Marquess

ther progress; but I am sorry to say, that of Wellington entered Madrid. "The

they suffered considerable loss, and that Co. particulars are contained in the follow- lonal Jonquieres, who commanded the bric. ing official dispatches from the Marquess, gade, was taken prisoner. The left of the

Madrid, August 13. army was about two miles and a half distant, Having fopnd that the army under Marshal at the Puente de Balamar, on the GuadaMarmont continued their retreat upon Bur sama river, and Colonel Ponsonby's brigade gos, in a state not likely to take thic field of cavalry and a brigade of infantry of the 7to again for some time, I determined to bring division having moved forward to the supe Joseph Bonaparte to a general action, or port of the troops in advance, the enemy reforce him to quit Madrid. Accordingly I fired upon Majalahonda as soon as they ob. moved from Cuellar on the 6th inst. We served these troops, and night having come anived at Segovia on the 7th, and at St. llúe- un, they retired upon Alcorcon, leaving our fonso on the 8th, where I halled one day, to guns at Majalahonda. allow the right ot' the army more since to I am happy to report that the otñcers of come up.

the Portuguese cavalry behaved remarkably No opposition was made to the passage of well, and shewed a good example to their the troups through the mountains; and Bric men, particularly the Visconde de Barbacena, gadier-General D'Urban, with the Portu. who was taken prisoner. The conduct of guese cavalry, and 1st light battalion of the che brave German cavalry was, I understand, King's Gerinan Legion, and Captain M'Do- excellent, as was that of Captain M'Donald's bald's tipops of horse artillery, had been troop of horse artillery. The lig it intantry through the Guadarama pass since the 9th. battalion was not engaged. He moved forward on the morning of the The army moved forward yesterday morn11th from the neighbourhood of Galapagas, ing, and its leit took pussessiou of the city,

of Madrid, Joseph Bonaparte having re- I inclose a return of the strength of the

tired with the army of the centre by the garrison, which marched out yesterday at 'roads of Toledo and Aranjuez, leaving a gar- four o'clock on their road in Ciudad Rodrigo, rison in the Retiro.

We have found in the place one hundred and It is impossible to describe the joy mani. eighty-nine pieces of brass ordnance, in ex: fested by the inhabitants of Madrid upon our cellent condition ; nine hunured barrels of arrival; and I hope that the prevalence of powder; twenty thousand stand of arms; and the same sentiments of detestation of the considerable magazines of clothing, provisions, French yoke, and of a strong desire to secore and ammunition. the independence of their country, which We have likewise found the eagles of the first induced them to set the example of re. 15th and 51st regiients, which I forward to sistance to the Usurper, will induce them to England, to be presented to his Royal Highmake exertions in the cause of their country, ness che Prince Regent, by my Aid-de-Camp, which will be more efficacious than those for. Major Burgh. nerly made.

I see, by a letter from General Ballasteros I have not yet fieard that Astorga has fal. to Lieutenant-General Sir Rowland Hill, of len; but the garrison which the enemy left the 29th of July, that he had been in Ma. in Tordesillas, about two hundred and sixty laga on the 14th of that month, after an en. in number, surrendered to General Santo gagement with General Laval, near Coin. vildes on the 5th inst.

General Ballasteros was at Grazelena on the I have received no further reports of the 29th. I have a letter from Lieutenant-Ge. situation of General Ballasteros since the 21st neral Sir Rowland Hill, of the 8th instant ; of July. I have letters from General Joseph and, although General Drouet had been in O'Donnell and General Roche, of the 26th of movement for thiree days, it does not appear July; and the army of Murcia, under the that his movements are of any importance. command of the former, was defeated by Ge. I inciose returos of the killed, wounded, neral D'Harispe on the 21st of July. --It ap- and missing, in the affair at Majalahonda, on pears tlat the Spanish troops moved forward the 11th instant, and oi the loss in the attack to attack General D'Harispe's posts at Castella of the works of the Retiro. This dispa:cb and at Ybi; those which ariacked the for. will be delivered by my Aid-de-Camp, Ma. mer were repulsed with the loss of two thou. jor Burgh, who will be able to explain any sand men and two pieces of cannon, those further circumstances relating to our situawhich attacked the latter, under the con- tion; and I beg leave to recommend him to mand of General Roche, conducted them- your Lordship's protection. selves remarkably well, and covered the re. P.S. Since writing this dispatch, I lave treat of the troops under General O'Donnell, received a letter of the 8th instant, from Geand afterwards affected their own retreat, in neral Maitland, from Alicant, in which that good order, to Alicant.

officer informs me; be had on that day Madrid, Aug. 15. landed at that place from Sicily. I have the pleasure to in orm your Lord. Total taken at the fort- colonels, 4 ship, that the garrison of the Retiro surren- lieutenant-colonels, 22 captains, 35 subdered by capitulation yesterday; and I have alterns, 7 staff, 3 civil officers, 1982 serDow the honour to inclose a translation of jeants, drummers, and rank and file, 46 the capitulacion. We invested the place horses and mules. completely on the evening of the 13th ; and Staff-12 civil officers, 1 rank and file. in the night detachments of the 7th disisioa Sick and convalescents-- 1 captain, 5 subof infantry under the command of Major. alteras, 4 civil officers, 428 serjeants, General llope, and of the 3d division of in- drummers, and rank and file. fanity, under the command of Major-Gerle- Total taken at the general hospital1 cappieral the Hon. E. Pakenham, drove in the tain, 5 subalterns, 16 civil officers, 429 enemy's post fron, the Prado and the Bota. serjeants, drummers, and rank and file. nical Garden; and the works which they had General Total taken-9506. constructed outside of the Park wall; and

Madrid, 14.b Aug. 1812. having broken through the wall in different Return of ordnance, ammunition and stores, places, they were established in the palace of found in the redoubt of La China, on the the Retiro, and close to the exterior of the capitulation on the 14th inst. enemy's works, inclising the buildi.g called

Total pieces of ordance-181. La Coina.

21,832 round shot of sorts. · "The troops were preparing in the morning 1,148 shells, enipty, of sorts. to attack those works, preparatory to the ar 4,703 case-shot of sorts. tangements to be adopted for the a:tack of 1,804 shells for howitzers, of sorts. the interior line and building, when the Go 163 empty grapades, 26,438 valls, castvernor sent out an officer to desire to capitu. iron soits, 149 gun and howitzer carriages, lare, and I granted bim the honors of war, dicto, 6 beds for mortars, ditto, 22,077 musthe baggage of the officers and soldiers of the kets of several kinds, serviceable and repair. garrison, &c. as specified in the inclosed able, 1 carbine, 123 njusketoons, 453 pistols. аgrееniеnt.

'Total small arws-23,254.

: 6,733,

6,736 bayonets of sorts, 1,430 swords of hension that no effort is made for the restora. ditto, 29 pontoons, 270 powder barrels, tion of peace. 5,191 cartridges of sorts filled for guns.

“That your petitioners therefore humbly 2,653,929 ball cartridges, 6,000 blank request permission to call the attention of ditto for exercise, 294,974 Aints, 209,160lbs. your honorable house to a consideration of the : lead of sorts, 6 pontoons of wood, with care miseries which this continued and wide spread riages and apparatus, 76 casoons of different war has inflicted on mankind; a consideracion ; descriptions, 82 waggons, carts, forges, and which cannot but affict every heart not dead other carriages.

to bumanity and christian cbarity. GREAT BRITAIN,

That your petitioners reflect with horAn event, pregnant with consequences,

ror on the fact, that, of the last twenty years, , is announced as on the eve of taking

nineteen have been spent in actual warfare,

(a circumstance, as your petitioners believe, place-we mean the dissolution of the inparalleled in the history of Britain, since PARLIAMENT. Those of the electors of the revival of civilization in Europe ;) that Great Britain, therefore, who have any during this melancholy period the lives ac-, independence left, any pretensions to tually sacrificed by war may, without exaggeJove of their country, or any feelings for ration, be computed to have exceeded the suffering humanity, have now an oppor- number of all the male adults now in Great, tunity of acting upon their principles, Britain, and that in the same space of time. and of returning, as far as in them lies,

almost every known part of the world has none but friends to PEACE and REFORM !

been visited by its dreadful calamities. At such a moment, we should fail in our

“That your petitiouers cannot reflect duty if we omitted to recommend the

without agony on the miseries endured by

the thousands of their valiant country men reperusal of the GOLDEN MAXIMS, ad

dying on the fields of battle, immured for dressed to electors in our 224th Number, lingering years in the prisons of the enemy, published on the first of March last; and languishing in hospitals, or slowly wasting it could not fail to be attended with be- by disease in pestilential climates or unwholeneficial effects, if those maxims were re. sume camps. printed and generally circulated in places "That at home the feelings of your peti. where there remains any freedom of tioners are constantly harrowed by the misecboice among the electors.

ries ever attendant on a state of warfare; the Notwithstanding the past month has desolated houses, the mourning widows, produced so many striking events in Ruse

Rus and the fatherless children of their slaughsia and in Spain, yet we present the fol.

foltered countrymen; miseries, the continued

increase of which can be prevented only by lowing paper to our readers as the most

peace. important document that has trans.

« That your petitioners still farther depired. It proves-bappily proves, that plore the dreadful tendency of war to blung the people of England are beginning to the feelings of humanity and to deprave the recover their lost perceptions of truth and habits and institutions of social life; they-re. justice; and that the DELUSIONS and gard it as a subject of deep concern, chat our FALSEHOODS of the vile and selfish youth, at an age and in proportions unknown OLIGARCHY, which originated, and have to former times, are ballotted for military sercarried on, this wanton and borrible war, vices; that our youth of both sexes, in numare rapidly dispelling.

bers which humanity mourns to behold, are At a very numerous and respectable exposed to the pernicious influence of that meeting of Friends of Peace, assembled

dissipation and debauchery which large milia from the counties of Derby, Leicester,

tary establishments never fail to produce.

in Thai, in addition to these appalling effects and Norlingham, held at Loughborough, of war, your peticioners have to lament the on Thursday, August 27, 1812, William decay of trade. They observe with fearful Strutt, esq. in the chair; some spirited apprehension the ruin of our once opulent resolutions were unanimously adopted, merchants, the languishing state of our once and the following petition was agreed to be flourishing manufactures, and the condition presented to the House of Cominous:- of our artizans, now degraded to poverty and

“ŞHEWETH,-That your petitioners beg dependence. Your petitioners are farther leave, with feelings of decp anxiety, to re- compelled to state, that these evils, combined present to your honorable house, the pain with with the burden of taxes occasioned by the which they have contemplated the numerous war, and the price of provisions exorbicantly and complicated horrors occasioned by the pre- augmented by the same cause, have filled the sent long-protracted war ; the severe priva- gazettes with bankrupts, and the jails with tions and alonost intolerable burdens which its debtors. And that the large and numerous continuance has imposed on the lower and work houses are become insufficient to con, middling classes of society; and the general tain the thousands of paupers who weekly despondency which prevails froin the appre seck an asylum there.

" That

« ZurückWeiter »