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vitate, and that gravitation, acting conti. bridge. But, while thus referring to my nually upon the upper beds of the vous practice, I wish not to be understood as soirs, will generate another force in a ho. claiming any extraordinary popularity or rizontal direction, which force must also even patronage, inore than what I at prebe met with by a farther augimentation or sent enjoy, and the privilege of dissemiaddition to ihose voussoirs, before the nating such useful knowledge as I bave equilibriuin can be complete in this state acquired, through the medium of your of the arch; in which state our author has Magazine, which, from its superior are left it; and therefore his theory is imper. rangement and extensive circulation, is fect, and his assertions, which he erro. a proper vehicle for that purpose. Thereneously calls demonstrations, are falla- fore, witbuut assuming any other addition cious.

to my name, than what is descriptive of Had our author possessed a competent the humble sphere in which I move, I knowledge of this subject he must have conclude by subscribing myself, been aware of this horizontal pressure; Bridgewater, James Parry. and, being so, he might easily have shewn Aug. 1, 1812. how to guard against it, by proceeding farther with his geometrical construction, For the Monthly Magazine. that is, by making his secant a new ra. CONTRIBUTIONS to ENGLISH SYNONYMY. dius, and repeating the operation; then QuicknessActivity-Swiftnessthe secant to that new radius would be

Celerily. the proper length of the voussoir, when n UICKNESS is a Saxon word, anthe arch is completely equilibrated; and, 6 swering nearly to the Latin actithe voussoirs acting collectively, the first vity; and swiftness is a Saxon word, anconstruction only determining theirlengths swering precisely to the Latin celerity. when acting individually.

Quickness and activity may be displayed To those who are in possession of the by motions on the same spot. Swiftness work here coinmented upon, these hints and celerity may be displayed only by will be sufficient; but, to such as are not, motion from one spot to another: they some farther information is necessary for describe velocity of progress. Quickness comprehending what has been advanced. and activity define the motive force ex. It must therefore be observed, that this erted; swiftness and celerity the move. author's equilibrium may be expressed by ment produced. Quickness announces Sec. Xr

swiftness; as celerity results from activity. Rid. EL, 2 being put for length of , * being put to

In their proper acceptation, quickness voussoir at the vertex, and L for augment. and activity arte nearly undistinguishable; ed length. And then the second opera

not so in their metaphoric employment. sec. XL_U

As quick originally signifies alive, sensa. tion will be expressed by -l', tions animated; and active originally sig.

nifies busy, hasty, stirring; quickness of when l' is put for second augmented

mind denotes rapidity of perception, length; but the length of the voussoirs

whereas activity of mind denotes resta when in complete equilibrio may be lessness of attention. He is intellectually expressed by one equation, thus, - quick, who conceives readily; he is ina

tellectually active, whose mind is always Rad. 2

busy. Mental quickness is the reverse I shall not offer any arguments to of stupidity; mental activity, of indoprove the truth of those theorems, but lence. refer the reader to my former paper. Tbe adjectives swift and celer, on the

Thus much for the inmediate parport contrary, being originally of like meaning, of this discussion. But, Mr. Editor, with and both signifying speedy, the words your indulgence, I shall farther observe, swiftness and celerity do not differ in their that any grand motive for thus comment- metaphoric application. Swist of foot. itig upon the works of others, is the de- Swift of speech. Swift of inference. Vee tection and correction of such errors as locitas corporum celeritas appellatur. Ci. have a lendency to mislead the practical cero.--Celcritas ver borum. builder and young theorist, in a science Celeritas percipiendi. Quintilian. that lias long been my favorite study, To Approach To Accost-To Address. which has been aided by a tolerably ex To approach is to draw nigh, (Fr. tensive practice in the executive part, proche,) to accost is to approach the side having this day completed the twentieth (Fr, coste) in order to gain the ear; and MONTILLY Mag. No. 232,


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to address, is to approach straight for. Intention-Project-Design-Purpose. wards, (Sp. dereçar,) for the purpose of From incipient to decisive volition obtaining attention. To approach in the progressive steps are many, and are plies previous distance; to accost suy successively described by these words. gests soie intimacy; and to address Intention is the feelilest effort, a mere announces solennity of purpose.

stretching (in and tendo) of the mind We cannot approach the great with toward its object. In a project, (pro put some kind of ceremony. Education and jucere) the object is already ftung teaches us to accost the ladies with cin before the contemplation. When the vility; but to approach them requires mind has planned an entire scheme, it is some assurance. Our address shall somes said to have formed a design (dessein); times please; when our deportment shall and, when the means of execution are put disgust. Trusler.

forth, (propositum,) the purpose is comForest Wood-Plantation-Grove. pleie. Conteinplative benevolence is a

All these words describe laud begrown sooching pastime; we intend relief to our with trees; of which a forest is the largest, suffering fellow-creatures, we project and a grove the smallest, assenıblage. aërial castles of consolation, and design

Foresti e luogo di fuori separato such good deeds as are within reach of dull'abitazione degli huomini. Della our means; but how often indolence Cruscat, Of a wood, the trees are already frustrates the kindness of our purposes. thick. A plantation is produced by the drchetype-Model-LikenessCopy. art of man. A grove is a followed pri Apelles paints a head of Jupiter. The racy, (grabe,) a walk covered by trees statue of Phidias, was his archetype, it meeting above.

he paints after it from memory, from Of a forest, the extent is vague, and idea. It was his inodel, if he paints after the growth wild.

it in presence of the statue.He paints i ForestChasePark.

a likeness, if the resemblance is striking. Technically, these words describe ha. If he makes a second painting in imitation bitations for beasts to be hunted. Forests of the first, he takes a copy. The grieve and chasęs lie open; parks are inclosed. ing soldier in Vandyke's Belisarius, was The forest is the most noble of all, being the Archetype of the grieving soldier in a franchise perlaining to the king: if he West's Death of Wolle. Barry was, in transfer 0::c to a subject, it becomes a painting, what Glover was in poetry : he free chase. If any one offend in a park chose his models in heroic and classical or chase, which are private property, he art ; his costuine is Greek, his delineation in punishable by the common law; but a has a cast of the antique; but his colours forest has laws and othicers of its own, aging is flat, his expression cold, and his foresters, verderers, ranger's, and agisters. works escape popularity, notwithstanding ce Velocity--Rapidity. .

the omnipresence in them of his tasteful Velocity and rapidiiy differ nearly as and acconiplished mind, In Raphael's the English adjectives swift and sudden; accurate likeness of Pope Julio II, there relocity being a command of space, and is something of the stiffness and anxious rapidiiy a command of time. The ve- precision, as well as of the finish and locity of lightning,. when you wish to detail, of Holbein, Julio Romano inade denar, attention to the quantity of space many copies, which have the value of is traverses in a given time: the rapidity originals. of lightning, when you wish to draw at. . To RiscTo Get Up. tention to the shortess of time, in which T o rise, is to lift up the head; to get it traverses a given space. The chariot up, is to lift up the person. He rises wheel has velocity in proportion to the who, having been lain along on a sofa, is ground it travels over; rapidity in about to sic upon it. He gets up who, proportion to the number of its rotacions having been lying or sitting, is about to on the axle.

stand upright. To rise is but a part of Dingle-Dell.

the effort to get up. The sun rises, not Dingle, says Saliline, is an unexpected the son gets up. To get up a laddor. Jitule valley in a flat country: a deli is He gets up in the world whose fortune, that dingle ornamented. Both words he rises in the world whose rank, is proare provincial, or obsolescent; but they gressive. Who acquire money by vile are employed by Milton.

means, may get up in the world without * I know each lane, and every alley green, rising in it. - Dingle, or bushy dell, of this wild wood. The Saxon risan means to shoot upComiss. wards, to grow tall, and is allied to reis, a


sprout, and tu riese, a giant; hence, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

some idea of relative rank adheres to the SIR, --word. Rise is opposed to sink; and. He late Rev. William Mason, rece "get up, lo go down

I for of Aston and precentor of York, Adjective-Epithet.

well known as the author of Caractacus, Adjective is a technical term of the Elfreda, &c. wlio died about twelve years grammarians; epithet of the rhetorici. since, bequeathed all bis manuscripts to ans. The same word is an adjective in his executors, with an injunction that as much as it is a part of speech; and an they should publish, with all convenient epithet in as much as it is an ornament speed, a new edition of his works, and of diction. In the distich,

that the profit of that publication should Beauties in vain their pretty eyes may roll,

be paid to the funds of the Lunatic Asy. Coarms strike the sight, but merit wins the "

t he sight hire inarit juice the lum at York. soul :

William Burgh, esp. of York, one of the word prelty, is an adjective and an

the executors, at the request of the others,

undertook the publication; and, as he apo epitbet; it is a part of speech, and an ornament of diction needless to the frequently called upon by the governors

peared ta:dy in his proceedings, he was sense. In the phrase,

of the Asylum to bring forward the work, Severe virtue does not attract affection : but he died about a year since without the word sedere, is an adjective, not an having, as it is supposed, advanced one epithet; without it, the sense would be step in the business. This delay on his incomplete; it is employed, not for deco. part is supposed to have arisen in conseration, but for definition.

quence of a disagreement between him and In the line of Dryden,

the other executors as to the extent of the With plume and scarf, jack-boots, and Bilbo

publication; because Mr. Burgh, who had blade;'

been intimately acquainted with Mr. Ma.

son, who knew the whole that he had writ. the word juck is an epithet, though per- ten, and was probably consulted by him at haps not an adjective.

the time, is supposedio have been desirous Satire-Lumpoon.

of giving the world a full and fair colleoBoth words describe censure ambiti. tion of his works; or, if over-ruled in that ously composed, in rhyme or with comic desire, to have been unwilling to stand eloquence. Censure, written to reform forward as the guibor of a mutilated and and not to rex, is calle satire ; written imperfect publication, to rex and not to reform, is called lam. An edition, however, of Mr. Mason's poon. Of course, lampoon is the meaner, Works, as this collection is called, has and satire the nobler, expression and em, lately been published, but it is most im. ployment. Satire is usually general, perfect, some of his best works, some of jampoon usually personal. Pope could he keenest and best written satires in the elevate lampoon into satire, and degrade English language are omitted. Mr. M. satire into lampoon.

was the author of the leroic Epistle to Generosity-Magnanimity. Sir W. Chambers, of the Ode to PinchNoble, disinterested, great, and lofty beck, of the Letter to Soame Jennings, actions flow both froin generosity and of the Archæological Epistle, of several magnaniinity; yet generosity (generosus, others, under the sign of Malcolm M'Gre. of good race) is more an affection of the gor, and of various other political squibs, heart, an innate tendency; and magna. essays, and satires. Of all these writings niinity, (magnus, great, and unimus, mind) Mr. M. made no secret at the time, and more a character of the head, an ac. the writer of this, as well as many other quired habit. Generosity is munificent, persons now living, whom he could name, is forgiving, from the abundance of its have had communication with the author kindness; maguanimity, because it des ou the subject of them, when they were pises littleness in giving and in hating. written, and have copies of the different Generosity endows others, in order to publications presented to them by him. indulge its genius; magnanimity, in order Why the editors bare suppressed this, to merit adiniration. Generosity is less perhaps the best part of Mr. Mason's select in its objects, magnanimity in its works, it is not easy to imagine; surely neans. Generosity has more of huma. tiey have not done it from any change of nity, and magnanimity more of heroism, opinion on public affuirs, much less is it Generosity is the virtue of opulence, to be presumed that they have acted thus magnanimity is the virtue of power, disingenuously with the public, and thus

Ee 2


indirectly imposed a falsity upon them, trenely injurious, and in those of robust from fear of offending the powers that be. and plethoric habits may not improbaHowever, let the cause be what it may, bly produce fatal consequences. Io the writer does not hesitate asserting that effect, therefore, on water for culinary Mr. M. was the aur bor of the works al- purposes, and also for washing, it is luded to, that his executors know him to presumed, must be detrimental; yet, per have been such, and that, if they make haps it is too early to pronounce a foal no reply to this, their silence must be judgment as to what extent. taken as a full confirmation of it.

“Pure water," in the language of a scientGREGOR M'GREGOR. tific author, " is a limpid colorless fluid,

without smell or taste, simple and volaTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tile. But such a definition will not inSIR,

clude the waters impregnated with ineTN reply to the inquiries of your cor- talline, stony, saline, and other fossil sub1 respondent H. in a late Number, as stances."

Z. to “the effect of Iron-pipes on Water," permit me to make the following remarks, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the result of observation and experience. SIR,

The quality of water, merely by its IT has been supposed by some, who passage through iron-pipes, is, I appre- I favor the doctrine of phlogiston, that hend, but little liable to be affected, espe- azote, or nitrogen, when it is disengaged cially through pipes of large diameters; from the oxygen, combined or connected but, if suffered to remain therein in a state with it to form atmospherical air, acquires of rest, (which must necessarily be the phlogiston from the substance which arcase in all service pipes, perhaps forty or tracts the oxygen : on the other hand the fifty hours at a time, while shut off from anti-phlogistians suppose, that azote sufthe main, it will certainly be affected to fers no change in itself on that occa. such a degree as to become a strong cha. sion, but is inerely separated from the Jyteate.

oxygen. As a proof of this I appeal to the obser. There appears to me to be an easy vation of such persons as have witnessed method of deciding this dispute, and of the drawing of the plugs on the iron confuting or confirming the modern docpipes, both at the east and west end of trines respecting atmospherical air on this the town, which for several minutes run head. of a deep red color, tinging even the

Mr. Gay-Lussac-Nouv. Bullet. des stones with rust.

Sciences, No. 145,--says, that nitrous This impregnated fuid, however, if the oxyde is composed of one part oxygen turncock should neglect to observe the and two parts azote, in bulk; that nitrous precautionary operation above alluded to, gas is formed of equal bulks of azote and is of necessity conveyed into the cisterns oxygen; and that nitric acid is produced of the consumers; and, even with all ima. from one part of azote, and iwice the ginable precaution, the inner surface of bulk of oxygen. Atmospheric air con. chose cisterns will, without very frequent sists of three hundred parts, in bulk, of cleansing, generally be coated with a red azote, and one hundred parts of oxygen. çalx or oxide.

Consequently, then, four hundred parts, Many persons, who, for the sake of en- in bulk, of atmospheric air, and fifty couraging a new company, or under the parts of oxygen, ought to form nitrous idea perhaps of saving a few shillings an- oxyde; four hundred parts, in bulk, of nually, have been induced to make the atmospheric air, and two hundred of oxyexperiment, can bear witness to the truth gen, should produce nitrous gas; and four of these allegations,

hundred parts, in bulk, of atmospheric Iron, as a medicine, is administered in air, and five hundred parts of oxygen, various forms, and is justly considered as should constitute nitric acid. one of the most powerful tonics known; As the experiments may be easily but the healthful subject cannot take with made, they ought to be tried, and the reimpunity what is highly beneficial when sults should be laid before the public, used as a remedy for general languor and whether they be in favor of the niodern debility, or to restore the action of some doctrines or not; and I am in hopes that diseased organ. Such a stimulus, re- the public will very soon be acquainted ceived into the system, in large quan- with those results through the inedium niies with our daily food, may prove ex of your justly esteemed Magazine.


To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ment which presses them upon the atSIR,

tention of the pacient, as the chief meI COMMUNICATE the following mite dical ability of the doctor usually coilI of information to your inquiring cor. sists in that of finding money wherewith respondent . •.

to advertise ? There is, moreover, a neRedpathi's Short-Hand was printed in ver-failing species of regular medical 12mo, 1687. Labourer and Facy are quackery, in the pufting of fastionable enumerated in a list of short-hand wris and transient systems, and of specifics ters, prefixed to Cole's Treatise, publish- grounded on partial experience and ed in 12mo, 1672. Facy is also particu- hasty decision, which are destined soon larly noticed by Nicholas, whose book to resign their specific pretensions to was posthuinously published in 12mo. others of a newer cut, therefore by con1694. Lloyd's Characters may he seen sequence of superior efficacy. in Prosser's Collection of Short-hard Alo Fainily medicines, the nostrums of old phabets, a recent publication,

wives and presocibing gentlewomen, so Vaurhell, STENOGRAPHICUS. often the annoyance and ridicule of all Aug. 3, 1812.

their acquaintance, are either of mere

fortuitous origin, selected from old and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, obsolete compilations prescriptions which,

having succeeded in a particular case, THE comments of your correspondent are thence deemed infallible; or the in

1 Y. Z. on the admonition of Paul congruous jumbles of sume dabbler, who to the Corinthians, “Let your women beats about the bush with wonderful and keep silence in the churches,” are by no useless assiduity, in order to obtain that means satisfacto:y or conclusive. Y. Z. which has been already long at hand in supposes that by the injunction to “keep a inore simple and efficacious form. [ silence," nothing farther is intended than have an example of this last now before that the women should refrain from “ask- me, in the Monthly Magazine, but to ing questions ;" but how a female can be point it out might appear invidious. admitted to " preach," and yet be said The general character of these remedies, to "keep silence," is a paradox which re, to be sure, is harmless insipidity, whence quires explanation, especially when the they have been long since charitably apostle concludes his arlinonition by obe baplised with the naine of chip in pora serving that," it is a shame for women to ridge; but their modus operandi is not speak in the churches.

intituled to commendation, inasmuch as Woburn,

W. E. Pilgrim. it is too often delusive, and preventive of Aug. 4, 1812.

recourse to remedies of real efficacy. In

cases of vital consequence, nothing can To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, be more perilous, or even more nearly SIR,

allied to insanity of conduct, thau a de To speak generally, and the subject pendence upon home. bred nostrums

1 requires to be so handled, nothing and domestic administration; and such can be more dangerous or futile, than breaches of common sense can only be for persons unlearned and unpractised, accounted for, upon the principle of that to take upon them the office of medical strange fatality above cited. When meprescription, either for themselves or thods like these are seriously recommendothers; nothing more trivial, incongruous, ed, for the cure of that most tremendous and uncertain in their effects, than pris of all human maladies and mistortunes, kate family nostrums. But there is a canine madness, the power of words strange fatality in this matter; and we sinks heneath the task of ridicule or rehave a thousand proofs, ihat the best probation, and we must be contented education and the strongest wind do not with simply asserting that such fatuity, secure a man from the most vulgar pre together with that other perfectly conjudices relative to the nature and effects genial, a denial of the existence of the of medicine. Flerein such persons rival rabid disease, are only proofs of a new the believers in witclicrast. Ought we species of madness. theo to wonder at the universal success . The custom of thoughtlessly and bule of quack medicines, even whilst it is no- sily recommending inapplicable and extorious, that they are fabricated for the ploded nostrums, in our Newspapers and express purpose of curing poverty, that Magazines, never fails to be a co-epidletheir clief virtue resides in the advertigo. mic with that of madness in dogs. Forth


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