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How often this may have already oc. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, durred it is impossible even to form a SIR, conjecture; but that it has happened is TAM obliged tu “A Man of Letters" most evident.

I for his attention to my wish. My And this reconciles to our understand satisfaction would have been greater had ing all these late strange discoveries, and he made a minuter reference to the All. extraordinary appearances of different gemeine Literatur-Zeitung, or had he kinds, on and under the surface of the quoted more largely from this work, farth, that can in no other way be ac- which, at present, I have no opportunity counted for.

of consulting. Such dreadful events and tremendous Not one of the reasons which he pro. everwhelming catastrophes must have duces from the German critic, for consi. been construed into new creations, dering the manoxos as a cinadus, appears which, in truth and fact, were not so, and to be valid. The two first, “ A Man of cannot be; yet may possibly recur in the Letters” acknowledges to be destitute of regular progressive chain of celestial na force. Indeed, if stress were laid on the tural events, perhaps every 20 or 30,000 mere term vianoros, the argument would years. Compared, however, with infinite prove nothing, by proving too much: time, it is less than of yesterday, and sets since the Roman soldiers are spoken of in drery idea of limited dates at defiance. the same verse under the denomination

SIMPLEX. varonob, their appropriate title! My

authorities are Grotius, Rosenmüller and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Schleusner, and the writers whoin he SIR,

quotes. And, certainly, evidence is A S your Magazine has long been the wanting that the detestable vice in quesA most extensive channel by which to rion distinguished the Jews resident in receive or impart literary intelligence, I Palestine. beg lease, as an amateur of the Art of Ste- “A Man of Letters" would hardly have nography, to solicit, from any of your conceived that "the habiliment of the correspondents, information relative to individual” denotes more than the facts the following writers or authors on that of his having retired to rest and hastily art.

risen from it, had he reflected on the Who is Barnaby? I do not meet with scene, the hour, and the circumstances of wch a name in any other list than Dr. this transaction, or adverted to that relaHlavor's. Should it not be Barmby, who tion and qualified meaning which the ad. published a work without date, entitled, jective yuuros frequently bears, not only *Short-hand unmasked." Neither do I in the LXX and in the New Testament, meet with the names of Blandemore and but further in classical Greek authors. Soare in any other list. Blosset's name With regard to the alleged " free behais first inserted in Angell's Account of viour" of the young men, on which your Short-hand Writers. Cross is first men- correspondent seems disposed to place tioned by Lyle, but has not Dr. Mavor the whole strength of his cause, I confess. continued the name in error; for, after a that I cannot discover any other freedom long and diligent search, I can find no sys. than what soldiers would naturally use in tem by such a person may not Lyle 'endeudouring to seize an imagined accomhave been misled by this title, “The plice of a person just before arrested as a Taghmical Art, or the Art of expounding reputei malefactor. the Scripture by the Points, usually called Lardner, (Works, vol. vi, 103,) having Accents, by Walter Cross, 1698." From cited the verses, aids, “A particular, in Lyle also, I perceive, Dr. Mavor has no other evangelist, yet very fitly taken notransferred the names of Ewen, Facey, tice of, as intimating the usual noise and Labourer, Ridpath, and Webster, the last disturbance when a man is taken up in the of which I take, at present, to be another night-time as a malefactor, and is carried inadvertence of Lyle, as I have inet before a inagistrate. By the noise of the with a work entitled, “Studies of Youth people passing along, chat young person at the Writing School, by Wm. Webster, was excited to come hastily out of the 1738," which is nothing more than a gram- house where he wils, to inquire what was mar of the English language. Bryant is the matter. Mr. Le Clerc, in bis French mentioned as an anthor in Williamson's Testament, has an usetul note upon this Appendix, and I have heard of such a place. lle observes the natural simplio have as Lloyd; but these two last are not city of the evangelists' narration, which, given by Motor.

as he justly says, confirms the truth of June 2, 1812.

their bislory.

N. D2

To * To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. observations on the various hardships of SIR,

law, its useless protraction, and unrea. ALTHOUGH much has been said on sonable expence, by W. N. I had bio

A the common subject of Benefit So- therto thought, that these vexatious cir. cieties, yet, as no reform has taken place cumstances were unavoidable; but, having in consequence, I was pleased to see the reflected a good deal on what that gensubject resumed in your Number for tleman has said, I cannot but be of opiMaylast. The scheme there proposed, of nion with him, that a thorough reforma. a voluntary parochial Benefit Society, is tion in the practire of law is much the very thing that is wanted, it is alto. wanted, and that all civil cases might gether feasible, and cannot but be pro- be reduced to the same simplicity, and ductive of the best effects. I agree with brought within the same compass, as the writer, that, from the great and uni- criminal ones, not only without danger, versal propensity of the nation, to enter but with the greatest advantage and into these societies, if proper security safety to the subject. were provided, the one half of the appli- I give the more attention to W. N.'s cations for parish charity might he pre- remark, as they are the result of a fair vented; and where, as has been ob- and dispassionate view of the subject, served, can we more naturally look for not dictated by any spleen or animosity such security, than from the parish it against law or lawyers, never having self. Whose interest is it, or whose bu- personally experienced any of its evily, siness is it, more properly to be guaran. I should be very well pleased to be able tees of such a Benefit Society, than the to boast, I shali not say of his prudence, legal guardians of the poor? By which but of his good fortune; for, although I measure, not only security would be pro. view the law with as much terror as he cured, but dignity and consequence at can possibly do, yet the utmost prudence the same time conferred upon them. cannot at all times avoid it, the most The thought is so natural and obvious, cautious man cannot avoid being dragged that I wonder it has not long ago been into its vortex; and I lament to say, practised. I do sincerely wish, that from my own experience, that there is humane public-spirited gentlemen would no state in human affairs in which one immediately take the proposal into their is subjected to such varied uneasiness. serious consideration, and put it in effect. That law may be stript of all its hor. By so doing, they would infallibly lower rors, appears to me to be by no ineans the poor-rates, do the greatest favor to impossible. So much did I feel myself the poor and the middling classes; and, interested in your notion, that I seri. in fine, perform the atmost possible good ously questioned a lawyer of whom I with the least trouble. It is evident, have a good opinion, whether he thought that no risque could accrue to the parish it was absolutely necessary that trials guarantees, (who must also perform the respecting civil matters should be clogged office of curators and legislators;) for the with greater embarrassments, and ai. scheme would be so devised as to render tended with a handred times the ex. that impossible.

pence of criminal trials; whether a I confess, that private as well as pub- greater degree of caution and ceremony lic considerations have caused me to was needed in passing sentence on a enter with some warmth into this affair. man's property than on his life. Doubts An aged relation of inine was so much and difficulties must be equally incident reduced in his worldly circuinstances, to the one as well as the other; yet in that he had no other prospect of escape the least important matter it is found from the disgrace of a workhouse, but necessary soinetines to pause for years, The allowance vf a Benefit Society. He while the other can always be dispatched became at last unable to pay his monthly in a few hours. To this I obtained no contribution, and, from pity to an un. other answer, than that such was the fortunate, but respectable, man, I have practice. But why, I asked, are you so for two vears done it for him ; judge inconsistent in your practice, as to de. what must have been my disappointment, cide controversies about small sumns in a when I was informed last week that the summary nianner, where the saine acsociety was dissolved.

tention to justice is requisite, and the London, June 3, 1612. MERCATOR. difficulties attending them must be es.

actly the same as about those of the To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine. highest value; I cannot conceive any SIR,

other reason, than the fear that the T HAVE read with some interest in learned useless perplexities of lair be your instructive Miscellany for April, dove away, and the trade itself almost

annihilated, annihilated. You are speaking, says my coine completely English; and can only friend, of courts of conscience, where in be attached in our tongue to words of small matters reference is made to the Greek derivation, or to words de ning oath of the plaintiff. This appeared to the subdivisions of philosophy, which me altogether unsatisfactory; for cer. the Latins, in their language, (1 here the tainly, oaths are admitted in all courts, syllable was naturalized) would have when proper and necessary; and in no formed. court, whether called of conscience or The words methodist, philosophist, ca. not, will an oath be taken contrary to tholicist, and the words deist, materials the documented evidence of facts. I ist, mortalist, are therefore defensible wish some of your law-readers would at. words; although dissentist would not tempt a solution of these difficulties, not be so. in the narrow professional style, but on The formative syllable ism, among philosophical principles. If this cannot the continental historians of philosophy, be done, I must conclude, that all the is regularly employed to denominate a perplexing hardships of law are facti. system of opinion. Thus materialism tious; and ought, without any dread of is the name given to the system of those the consequences, to be swept away as who teach that every thing is material: the accumulated lumber of ages. All mortalism is the name given to the legal disputes might then be settled to system of those who teach that the soul the unspeakable advantage of society, at is mortal; pietism is the name given to one, or at most two, short unexpensive the system of those who teach that hearings, as at present at Guildhall and merit consists in devotional feeling; and Fullwood's-sents. What a blessed era! galvanism to the system of Galvani. A golden age! Not only relieved from When a system has been so denomi. the torture, the distraction of suspence, nated, the professors of that system but sure at the worst of not being ruined are called ists; materialists, mortalists, by unknown expences.

S. P. * pietists, galvanisis. The system of the Cold-bath Square, May 1, 1812. French philosophes came, through this

analogy, to the naine of philosophism, To the Fditor of the Monthly Magazine. and its professors to the name of philie SIR,

sophists. VOUR Correspondent Ignoramus in.

1 quires, (vol. xxxiii. p. 133,) what To the Editor of the Monthly Møgazine, is the difference between the termina., SIR, tions er and ist; of which he instances ALL attempts, cither to prevent or the use in the words dissenter, philoso. A destroy effectually the insect, compher, and in the words methodist, deist. monly denominated the Turnip Fly.

The inflection er is of Saxou origin, have hitherto" been abortive. The fal. and is a grainmatical abbreviation of lacy of every plan, as yet suggested, is herr ( dominus), which in all the Gothic lamentably proved by the disappointment dialects is employed to designate any of each successive year. The expence male agent. Thus baker is be who and the anxiety attending these endea. bakes, and thinker be who thinks. vours, and the enormous losses wisich the This formative syllable is become so cultivators of turnips have sustained froin completely English; that it can be at the depredations of this enemy to veke. tached at pleasure to any English verb, tation, are real national evils. whether of Saxon or Latin derivation. This plant has now been cultivated in Thus, a dissenter is he who dissents. England for near (wo centuries; and,

But the word philosopher is imparoly during the whole space, authors have formed; the verb being to philosophize, complained of the fly, as ihe most forwe ought to have formed ihe word phi. midable foe to its prosperity. In prolosophizer. Where no verb pre-exists, portion as the value of this root is this formatire syllable cannot be cor esteemed and encouraged, the more is rectly attached: although usage has con- the necessity for some efficacious remedy secrated some words so coined.

felt, and its want deplored. The mis. The ending ist is of Greek origin, chief is assuredly extending; and all the and probably signifies stander; it has ingenuity of man has been in vain ex. attained in Greek much the same office erted to check its progress. The expe. as the Gothic herr; thus, froin agony, rience of the past ought to have long struggle, comes agonist, a struggler, or since iinpressed us with the fact, that, ir wrestler. But this ending is not be. we are desirous to seek a radical cure for

the

the disease, we must discover other useful practical inferences, as will enable means than those at present practised us to unravel, eventually, that mystery

The farmer complains, with truth, that in which the matter is now involved ; all his cares and labours are often de- and to establish, finally, a more successo feated by birds, reptiles, or insects, ful system for the culture of the turnip. Yet how is he to appreciate the good, or It will be seen that many of these quese to avert the injuries, occasioned by these tions are retrospective, and, where they dissimilar animals, but by being correctly can be so answered, it will forward the acquainted with the natural history of investigation, but they are likewise pros. each? If he he solicitous to unfold the pectively applicable; and it is to the fu. secrets of nature, he should explore her iure I look chiefly for more accurate ina inmost recesses, by well-arranged expe- formation in most of the points to which riments and by patient research. He I have taken the liberty of directing the should study the constitution, transfor- attention of the practical farmer. inations and habits, nay, the very pro. 1. Which years have been most remarkable pensities and antipathies of the lawliest for the ravages of the Turnip Beetle, and which insect, ere he dare expect to circumvent was the last? or counteract those impulses which are

2. Have ever the saine fields been before

infested? the dictates of all-powerful instinct.

3. Were the seasons of infection noted as To trace the causes of our misfortunes

being particularly favourable or unfavourable to their spring, is the surest way to avoid

to the preparatory fallow? them in future, and, sometimes, even to

4. What has been the course of crops ? convert casual ills to substantial benefits. 5. What was the nature and depth of soil, The primary and leading step towards and what the sub-soil of the fields so affected, perfection in any science, is to remove and what their aspect, cast, west, south, or prejudices.

north? If we designate any creature by a 6. Were they sheltered by trees or high name which belongs to a quite different fences on either side, and which? being, we perpetuate error, because it 7. Are they on a hill or in a valley, a des confounds the characters and properties scent or level ground? of one class with those that attach pro

8. When and in what manner manured ; perly to another class. Thus, the insect,

the quantity per acre; the quality, viz. long which is the present object of inquiry, is

or rotten, dung compost or lime, &c. ?

9. How many ploughings had the field? not a fly but a beetle! It is according And how soon after the seed furrow was the to Linnaus of the order Coleoptcra, and seed sown? of the genus, Chrysomela. Of this genus, 10. Was any top-dressing used; of what naturalists arrange numerous species; nature, with what view, and what the some of them are exceedingly minute, effect? and beautiful from the diversity of their 11. Were the seeds steeped, and in what colours.

preparation ? Were they all of the same As the characteristics and babits of year's product or of different years ? beetles and fies are essentially different,

12. Were they sown by drill or broad cast it becomes indispensable to confer a dis. And on what day of the month? tinctive appellation that may be familiar

13. What was the state of the weather?

a Was it hot and dry, warm and showery, rainya in the common language of husbandry.

or husbandry. &c. &c. ? The Turnip Beetle appears must appro- 14. In how many days after sowing did the priale; for the turnip has many other plants appear? enemies among the herhjvorous insects; 15. At what hour and on what day of the of these, several are real flies, either in month did the Beatles appear, and how soon their perfect winged forin, or in that of after the plants were up? their larda, or caterpillar state.

It would be desirable that the condi. As the subject is of the deepest in. tion and changes of the weather and the terest to the whole community, I enter. temperature of the air, from the sowing tain a very confident hope thai this in. of the seeds to the first appearance of the vitation will be conducive to active and Beetle, should be stated with as much general investigation; and that it will precision as possible, and for that pur stimuute every farmer and naturalist to pose an exact meteorological journal direct their attention, during the ap. should be kept, from the sowing till the proaching turnip, season, to the various plants are in the rough leat, and out of points to which the queries lead. From danger of this enemy: and it is particia their answers, connected with pre-ex, Jarly requested that on the first appearistent information, we may deduec such ance of the insect the beight of the baroIneter and of the thermometer in the To the Editor of the Monthly Dlagasine. open air, (and the latter instrument being sre, out of all shade) about two o'clock of the IN a late number of thy Miscellany, same day should be carefully registered 1 a Correspondent has grounded his and reported.

meter planation from their husbands at home.

objections to the practice of women's 16. Did the Belles appear at once in diffe. preaching, which exists in the religious tent parts of the field, or commence their Society of Friends, upon the following career at one particular spot, and advance pro- passage in the first Epistle to the Coriile gressively to others? And whether in any ihians, “Let your women keep silence determinate line, or diverging indiscrimin in the churches, &c.-and, if they will

learn any thing, let them ask their hus. 17. Upon an average what time do they

bands at home, for it is a shame fur acupy on clearing an acre of turnip-plants? 18. Patches are often observed to escape

women to speak in the church." and flourish. Can this be ascribed to any

The Friends have not been backward thing in the nature of the ground ? Is it

in such works as have been published, there more springy; do trees or fences shade explanatory of their religious opinions, it from the sun's direct rays; has the dung to assign their reasons for not limiting fallen thicker there, or, in the spreading, have this sacred office of a minister of the these patches been missed?

Gospel to men; as may be seen by 19. Have the same true Turnip Beeskes ever consulting “ Barclay's Apology," Prop. X. destroyed more than one crop in the same Sec. 27, and “the Principles of Reli. season? If so, state the facts.

gion as professed by the Society of 90. On what evidence rests the opinion

Christians usually called Quakers," by ther chese Beetles are migratory?

Henry Tuke, Chap. 5.; but, as these 21. Have any other vegetable crops been

inay not have fallen under the Churchdestroyed by this Beetle in a manner similar to turnips?

man's notice, the following remarks are 22. What methods have been employed to

offered for his consideration. prevent or destroy them, and what has been

An attentive perusal of The two verses the result?

that have been brought forward will, 23. When the crop has been entirely de- I think, clearly show that they do not Toured, and no means used to kill the Beetles, at all bear upon the question. We shall have their dead bodies been found in any con- probably obiain a more correct idea of siderable numbers on the field?

the Apostle's probibition, if we read 24. Have their origin, natural dissolucion, few verses which immediately precede o departure, been so accurately attended to it. “Let the prophets speak two or n to be explained from actual personal obser• three, and let the others judge. If any rations? 95. What is the natural history of the Tur

thing be revealed to another that sitieth

by, let the first hold his peace; for ye • Beetle (the Chrysomela saltatoria, or the desting Corgsomela) What are the periods of may all prophesy one by one,” (if all, ha metamorphoses, its habits, &c. &c.; and then women as well as men, and it what author gives a particular account of this appears that women did prophesy,) ipsett?

" That all may learn, and all inay be 26. Are early or late sown turnips inost in comforted. And the spirits of the Pro

phets are subject to the Prophets. For Further, to facilitate my views, I re. God is not the author of confusion, but qaest your permission, Mr. Editor, to of peace, as in all churches of the allow all letters, (postage free,) to be die saints." I apprehend that these ine rected for me at your office. But, as all structions were given to prevent thie reasoning must be untenable, unless it be continuance of some irregularities which sapported by well authenticated facts, I then prevailed in the Corinthian church Entreat those gentlemen who favour this among the ministers of the Gospel. with replies to subscribe their real names Paul, after reminding those to whom he and places of residence. Of course they was writing, that “God is not the will be respected as private communica- author of confusion, but of peace," tions, and pot published till a proper ar- went on to allude to the conduct of rangement of the whole evidence is die some female members of the newlygested, when the result, if worthy, shall established church, who had interrupted he submitted to the public. On such oc the ministers whilst they were inculcasion I shall take pleasure in acknow cating the precepts of Christianity, and ledging all obligations. G. M. B. were therefore enjoined to seek an exLondon, April 4, 1812.

raller

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