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196 only to 2 millions. Yet my Lord Sheffield founds an argument on the figures taken as psolute, not as relative, values !
The average value of five years, ending the 5th of Jan. 1776 - - £4,350,941 Average of five years, erding the 5th of Jan, 1789
3,544,116 Average of five years, ending the 5th of Jan. 1812
5,158,338 The exports in 1811 was 4,376,0001. considerably below the two preceding years of extraordinary export.
Barrels of porter brewed by the first twelve houses in London, from July 5, 1811, to July é, 1812: Barclay and Co.
..... 270,259, Combe and Co. Meux, Reid, and Co. .......... 188,078 Goodwyne and Co. .....
81,022 Truman and Co. .............. 150,164
..... 150,164 Elliot
Elliot and Co. ................ 58,385 Whitbread and Co
.... 122,446 | Cocks and Campbell .......... 51,474 Calgert and Co. ....... 108,212 | Taylor....
51,220 Meux and Co........ ....... 102,403 | Clowes and Co. ...
34,010 The 3 per cent. consols on the 28th were 584, the 5 per cents. 909, and the omnium at 5 premium.
Ac Messrs. Wolfe and Co.'s, Canal Office, No. 9, Change Alley, Cornbill.- London Dock stock shares fetch 1081. per cent.-West India ditto, 1501, uitto.- East India ditro, 1131, ditto.-East London Water-works, 801. ditto.--West Middlesex ditto, 451. ditto.-Grand Junction Canal ditto, 2101. ditto-Grand Union ditto, 201. per share discount.-Kennet and Avon, 241. 10s. ditto.-Lancaster, 221. ditto.
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. THE BOTANICAL MAGAZINE since our last Report contains : 1 ALOE saccotrina, var. ß. The purpurascens of Haworth, and the new edition of Hortus Kewensis. To this plate is added a diminished outline of the whole plant, by which its han bit is well explained. We have so often expressed our approbation of this plan, that we hope to see it more generally adopted. This is the plant that was thought to produce the succotrine aloes of the shops, but the best sort is supposed now to be the product of Alöe spicata, a species per baps not yet seen in any of our collections.
HESPERANTHA pilosa, var. e. This is the hairy variety of the species, of which the smooth one has been before figured in the Botanical Magazine ; the latter has smaller flowers, with a greepish tinge on the inner side, which the former wants. These plants are chiefly valuable for their agreeable scent during the night, but in this instance it is said to be not perceptible, except in a dry warm atmosphere.
TRICHONEMA speciosum. Ixia Bulbocodium, as it formerly stood, contained several distinct species. This is the second from the Cape of Good Hope that has been figured in the Magazine, besides an European one, of which it is probable there are still several that ought to be considered as disti.ct. The drawing of this plant was taken at Mr. Knight's Exotic Nursery, King's-road, Little Chelsea.
PODOLOBIUM trilebum; the Chorizerna trilobum of Doctor Smith, and Pultenca ilicifolia of the Botanist's Repository. The keel in the flower of this plant is fully as long as the wings, but in Chorizema it is much shorter ; there are moreover other characters drawn froin the legumen which distinguish these two genera, so that, although we are somewhat jealous that Mr. Brown is rather too fond of subtle divisions, we cannot but go with him in the distinction here made. In referring to the Hortus Kewensis we observe that it is there called P. trilobatum; and at first supposed that Dr. Sims had committed a slight error in quoting it trilobum, but upon further examination we find that Dr. Smith has been erroneously quoted in the Hortus Kewensis, and his trivial name being evidently meant to be retained, trilobum was of course proper, not trilobatum.
PHILADELPHVs inodorus. A very fine shrub, native of North-America, and well worthy of being more generally cultivated.
CEANOTHUS americanus. New Jersey tea, a shrub long known in our gardens, ani esteemed for the delicacy of its owers and foliage. In America it seems to have been valced for other qualities than merely pleasing the eye, having heen used as a substitute for the Chincse herb, when that was a dearer and a sca:cer article of luxury than it is at present in that country; its routs have also been applied tu tuedicinal purposes, and the twigs to dye a cinnamon colour,
AZALEA iridica; a valuable acquisition, which has long been anxiously sought after by our collectors of curious and beautiful exotics. We have heard inderd, but we cannot vouch for the truth of the report, that the owner of the principal nureery in the country once offered a thousand pounds to any one who would bring him a living plant. There was formerly a very bone shrub of this Azalca in the garden of M. Jerome van Beverninck, in Holland, which
flourished, there for twelve years, and has been spoken of with rapturous admiration by the Dutch botanists of that day. Dr. Sims expresses his surprise that a plant so much admired. yet so easily propagated, and that had been cultivated so long in a well known garden, should be lost to the continent, and have been till now unseen in this country. The only way to account for this is by supposing that its owner, proud of being the only possessor of such a rarity. cautiously guarded against its being communicated to others. The consequence was that his own tree perished, and with it the power of acquiring another, which could not have hap. pened had a more liberal spirit induced the owner to have distributed it amongst his friends. Through this same foolish and illiberal desire of being sole possessors, how many valuable acquisitions are every year lost to this country! The drawing of this rare acquisition was made at Mr. Vere's, Kensington Gore, in whose collection it flowered in March last, for the first time probably in this country.
ALBUCA setosa; a plant of more singularity than beauty, easily distinguished from its congeners, by the divaricate peduncles and bristly margin to the scales of the bulb, yet Ker has a specific character of more than twenty lines; but this writer's characters are in fet descriptions, and without any attenipt to seize such points only as will serve to distinguish tle particular species from the rest of the genus, which may sometimes be done by a few word: better than it could by as many pages.
SPARAXIS tricolor ; three varicties, one with a variegated Power, a most splendid plant, as gaudy as a parroquet.
GLADIOLU S tricbonemifolius; a species nearly related to G. tristis, and like that, having very fragrant flowers.
LOBElia unidentata; a beautiful trailing plant, flowering great part of the summer. By the name of single-tcotbed is meant that there is one tooth on each side of the leaf, which makes two to each leaf, hence Donn called it, in his catalogue, bidentata,
LASIOPETALUM quercifolium; a pretty little shrub from New South Wales. There is a particular dulness in this figure, arising from its being taken off in red, which has been done for the sake of representing the better the stellated pubescence of a reddish browsi colour, but a little red added to the black would perhaps have succeeded better. As it is, the spirit of the figure is quite destroyed, and at the same time the pubescence is not well represented, being much too bright a red, and the colour of the green is spoiled.
LASIOPETALUM solanaceum; another, but much more rale, species of the same genys as the last, neither can we praise the coloring of this, there is a general dulness prevailing, which we can hardly accouni for, except it arise from the extreme palcness of the ink, by which the impressions have been taken.
BARTONIA decaperala. This is a new genus, dedicated to Dr. B. S. Barton, professor of botany and natural history, in the university of Pensylvania. This appears to be a very fine figure, though taken from dried specimens, the plant never having yet Aowered in this country. An apology is made for thus deviating from the plan of the work, which professes to give drawings from living plants only. A vesire to pay the compliment of naming so fine a plant in honour of the American professor, we suppose, has been the temptation to depart from the usual practice. Dr, Sims professes to owe the communication to Mr. Pursh, German bota. mist; author of a new North-American Flora, now in the press. This plant was found by Mr. Tbomas Nutiall, in the neighbourhood of the Missouri, on arid volcanic soil, and brought by bim to this country.
MONTULY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. HARVEST has commenced throughout England, within the last forcaight; and, in all the
southern and western districts, considerable quantities of wheat and other corn, have been koused, or stacked, in the finest condition. The harvest weather, indeed, thus far, has equalled the most favorable years ; nor need much apprehension be entertained for its continuance, if the previous lengthened series of bad weather, afford any solid rule of judgment A strong similarity of meteorological feature, during the present season, seems to have pervaded bosh the continent of Europe and the islands, and the products of the Farth appear to have been dispensed upon a proportional scale. A universally large and Juxuriant vegetation, promoted no doubt by the later warm rains, is the characteristic of the present year; how this may be ultimately supported by the more essential quality of fruitsulness in seed, the barn-foor alone can determine
The wheat crop in England and Wales, and it is to be hoped we may include Scotland, ia large, and, graping that we may depend generally, for the character of the new wbeat, upon that which has been very freely giveo of the samples hitherto produced, there will be listle danger in pronouncing the present, upon an equality, in point of fruittulness, with thosc crops; one of which, fifty years ago, was supposed adequate to nearly a three years'consump
tion, by the good people of this island. The drawbacks upon the present wheat-crop are'as follow : -- the constant unseasonable rains had the worst effect upon the heaviest and besc lands; and, upon too considerable a breadth of heavy, undrained, ill-tilled soil, the wheat has been fairly eaten out by the couch and furin grass, and was in many parts so much mildewed, and over-run with small and light ears, as to be scarcely worth the expense of harvesting. Under the Greg managenient of Herts, sucil lands might have produced good crops. Light-land wheat, almost every where good; and spring wheat particularly successful in the west. Straw rank and abundant, the ears in general of a moderale size, but the grain large and plump. Some very heavy losses have been sustained from storms, by individuals in Essex. The straw this sonimer, in all parts, knee-bent, or rather wind-bent, which, by preventing the ascent of the due quantity of nourishment, al ways detracts from the value of the ear. A considerable quantity of corn has been laid, which never thoroughly recovered. The straw and ear remarkably clean, excepring the blue tinge of mildew, which was too fixed for the latter seasonable weather to obliterate, but which, at worst, will only tip, with a slight discolor, a part of the kernels. Very little smut reported. The fen counties have suffered most heavily from floods, both in hay and corn, and the want of an effectual drainage has long been a national disgrace.
Rye, barley, oats, and seeds, an abundant crop. Beans and pease a fair average; the former, failing in some parts, have been superabundant in others. Barley rather a rough sample. All grass crops, natural or artificial, productive in the highest degree. Cabbages and root crops, abundant; potatoes, at the saine time, one of the most productive crops, and by far the largest breadth ever before planted in this country. Llops generally affected by the unfavorable part of the season, below an average crop. The latter fruits' most plentiful. The seasons may be deemed more than a fortnight later than usual. Last year, the most genial of springs, che hawthorn bloomed on May-day in these parts, where, during the present, it was not in flower until the 22d. * Turnips never more backward ; a considerable exten“, devoured by the slug and grub probably, rather than by a fly, has been se-sown, and is but partially good. Wool mending in price. The stocks of old wheat universally exhausted, and the late supply of six thousand quarters from the Baltic, in good time to grind with the new. Not the slighest ground for the silly story of a person having on hand stacks of wheat of eleven years old! Harvest labourers not so plentiful as last year, and wages much higher, and still on the advance. In the country markets, fat stock rather cheaper, but stores, with the exception of pigs, still dearer; indeed prime stock'is run so low, as scarcely to be obtained for money. The stock of lamts has proved larger than our losses in the spring seemed to forbode. Pork and bacon likely to be dearer than they have been within the last two
This variation, which riation las oc
is but trifling, occurred Greatest
3-tenths curred three or Greatest Variation in
in the morning, between (of an inch. four times in the variation in 7, 24 hours.
the 10th and 11th in. course of the 24 hours.
stant, and also between
those of the 19th and month, The quantity of rain fallen since the last Report is equal to 3 inches in depth.
From the 12th of July to the 10th of August, both inclusive, the weather was remarkably dull, gloomy, and wet, so much so as lo excite the most lively apprehensions with re.
gard gard to the harvest, which otherwise promised well. · Such is the report which we should naturally give from what we have experienced here, but the same circumstances have not uniformly occurred in other parts of the country, so far from it, indeed, that in many counties, and those in different parts of the island, the season has been in every respect well adapted to the ripening and in-gathering of the corn, and it is generaily believed that the crops will in almost all cases answer the expectations of the most sanguine agricultorists. In this neighbourhood we have had ten very fine and brilliant days since the 19th of August, and the harvest work, about the metropolis and within 20 miles of it, is proceeding with the utmost rapidity. Though it is certainly backward, yet the abundance will probably more tban repay for the loss of time, in which the men were unable to advance in their usual business. The winds have come chiefly from the westerly points, thougli on some few days there have been very severe north and north-easterly blasts.
TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c. The Observations of Mr. Loret on the late Overtures --The View of the Mineralogy of Great Britain, by Mr. MIDDLETON-The Account of the Leasotes-ir, CUMBERLAND on Bankers-R. B. in Defence of Lawyers---Mr Isaac's Paper-S. B. D, on Works of Fiction-AMBLIUS on Grain---Z. on Iron Pipes-Senex on Law
PYTHAG'R us on the Cube Root-Mr. GerNVILLE's Further Observations-N. De Luc on Geology and many other accepted Pieces, are unavoidubly deferred till our next, or next follou ing, Number,
A Letter is left at our Office, 47, Ludgate-Hill, for H. H. relative to the Tin Pound Note.
T. W. is informed that we never copy from Newspapers or other printed works. The Article he allures to appeared in the Monthly Magazine on the first of August, and was copied into the Papers during the following week, and not into the Monthly Magazine from the Papers, as T. W. mistakenly supposes.
We thank OBSERVATOR, and inform him that notices of local Improvements and Topographical Descripíions are always acceplable to us; us are accounts, when authenticuted, of all prodigirs of nature.
The ai count of the outrage on Justice and Hwnanily, commtted by a Barrister in a recent awurd, is doubtless true, but the publication of it might subject us to an action : to prevent the recurrence of similar outruges, our Correspondent and the Pub. lic should uvoid references to Burristers, with the degree of abhorrence in which they dread “ Plague, Pestilence, or Famine."
We shall feel obliged to any of our American Readers who can fudor us with addi. tional particulars relative to Ir. Fulton's Navigation by Steam.
The plan of our Longport Correspondent is under consideration.
Our pages are open to the Animadversions of “ An Englishman,” if confined to a moderate length.
We shall be happy to receive the superior Poetry mentioned by X. Y. and by Sappho, as we are seldom overstocked with that rare article.
We are much concerned at the unger errited in the mind of P. by the delay of his well-intended communications. We can assure him that every accepted paper of equal quality appears in its regular turn, or as nearly so as convenient, and thut we give no preference except to Papers signed with real names, or to those on mere temporary topics. Our first object is to support the credit and interest of our Miscellany; and our second to oblige and gratify our various correspondents.
OCTOBER 1, 1812.
[3 of VOL. 34.
As long as those who write are ambitious of making converts, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum of
Iofuence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effects Curiosity of those who read, whether it be for Amusement or for Instruction. JOHNSON.
THE POPULATION OF GREAT BRITAIN IN 1811. [4fter the Returns under the Act of 1801, we gratified the public by presenting them with the results ; and we now proceed to perform the same duty in regard to the Act of 1810. We have no doubt but, as the object of the enumeration was better understood than on the former occasion, that the returns are, in a degree, more correct than before; bui, as jealousy und superstition are not wholly eradicuted, it may be supposed that the enumeration still falls short of the truth, and is but a closer approximation towards accuracy than the enumeration of 1801. The official volume is introduced by some preliminary observations, signed by u Mr. Rickmen, but they are devoid of spirit and of interesting conclusions. The Report forms thick volume in small folio ; and, us, by a strunge policy, no more have been printed than serve to supply the members of the Legislature, it is not to be purchased, er. cept at an exorbitant price: hence results the propriety of our re-printing its Ge. neral Summaries in the Monthly Magazine. THE Questions, by means of which, under the Act, the number of houses, fa1 milies, and persons, was to be ascertained, were seven in number; viz. 1st. How many inhabited houses are there in your parish, township, or place;
and by how many families are they occupied ? 2d. How many houses are now building, and therefore not yet inhabited ? . 3d. How many other houses are uninhabited ? 4th. What number of families in your parish, township, or place, are chiefly em.
ployed in and maintained by agriculture; how many families are chiefly employed in and maintained by trade, manufactures, or handicraft; and
how many families are not comprized in either of the two preceding classes? N.B. The total number of families in answer to this Question, must correspond with be aumber of families in answer to the 1st. Question. 5th. How many persons (including children of whatever age) are there actually
found within the limits of your parish, township, or place, at the time of taking this account, distinguishing males and females, and exclusive of men actually serving in His Majesty's regular forces, in the Old Militia, or in any embodied Local Militia; and, exclusive of seamen either in His Ma
jesty's service, or belonging to registered vessels ? 6th. Referring to the nuinber of persons in 1801, To what cause do you attrie
bute any remarkable difference in the number at presents 7th. Are there any other matters, which you may think it necessary to remark,
in explanation of your answers to any of the preceding Questions? The enumeration of the whole population (says Mr. R.) may be considered as com. plete, no place being known finally to have omitted making a return. In cases where the name of a place differs from the Abstract of 1801, or where two places are included under one title, all the names are now entered, with an explanatory remark : and the same thing has been done in cases where any place has been transferred from one Hundred to another.
The proportion of the sexes remains much the same as in 1801, being nearly as ten males to eleven females of the resident population, and nearly equal in the gen neral total. The increase of the military, and of sailors, has indeed increased the number of males; but it is obvious that this increase has not been entirely furnished by Creat Britain, many natives of Ireland, as well as foreigners, being included Lg the ariny, in the navy, and among those who navigate registered sbipping MoxTULY MAG. No. 232.