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with respect to anjinals; as some species neral Robertson, during a period of of lizards and other reptiles were observed seven years, have gradually improved in on the trunk, and numerous birds fre- the quality of the wool, as well as car. quented the branches. The Javanese case; although the pastures at Lude, on proceeded to prepare the poison, which, which they have been bred and fed, are after expressing the gum, was by steeping at an elevation from eight hundred to in a copper vessel close stopped, stirring one thousand feet above the level of the and mixing separately, with a dry wooden sea. stick, the juice of capsicum, powdered The following calculation of the con ginger, juice of garlick, powdered root of sumption of corn in England and Ireland Kæmpfera, Galenga, Marantha Malac- lately appeared in the Papers: censis, and Costus Arabicus. It was for the use 2

u 16,500,000 qrs, of wheat, rye, necessary to prove the effect of this pois of man s e

barley, oats, beans, son after it was prepared; and, having

and pease. put some on a sharp instrument, I For ditto in slightly pricked the thigh muscle of a liquors

4,000,000 grs. of barley used

que full-grown fowl, which expired in the

in the breweries.

For ditto in 2 course of two minutes. It is well known

800,000 grs. barley, rye, that the inhabitants of the Molucca


oats, and wheat. islands make use of small arrows of split Total for man 21,300,000 bamboo, dipped in this poison for the For animals 11,700,000 killing sınall' birds, which they blow through a tube. The flesh is in no wise

Total =
Total · 33,000,

33,000,000 at 60s. per gr, at injured for eating, cutting out only the

an average, is £99,000,000

600,000 tons, wounded part.

at 51. per toa 3,000,000 The following is a statement of the contract price of the various lotteries du

102,000.000 ring the Inst ten years, and of the selling Letters from New South Wales of the price of the tickets to the public:

20th of May, 1811, state, that great imContract Price.

selling Price,

provements had taken place in tbal June, 1803 - 4.15 08 £16 16 0

colony since the accession of Colonel First for 1804 - 14 15 6 17 17 0

Macquarrie to the government. ButcbSecond ditto - 15 16 01 18 7 6

er's meat was from one shilling to one Third ditto - 15 13 6 18 12 0 First for 1805 , 17 % y

shilling and three-pence per pound; and

18 17 0 Second ditco - 18 3 0

the supply of the colony equal to its con

19 Third ditto • 17 18 9 19 3 ö sumption, without assistance from the

19 15 0 mother country. Wool was likely to he Second - - - 16 14 3 19 15 0 their first staple of commerce. Settlers Third . . . 16 10 0

16 0 of good character were furnished with First for 1807 - 16 19 0 19 16 0 live stock from the government stores, Second . . 17 13 6 20 19 on consideration of paying the value, in Third - - - 17 4 0 20 19

money or grain in eighteen months. The Fourth . . . 16 10 6 20 19 0

population of Sydney is estimated at First for 1808 - 17 13 11 21 15 0

10,000 souls, of which 'number 8,000 Second . . . 17 17 0 21 19 0

have been sent froin England as conThird • . 16 8 101

victs. Pommarree, king of Otaheite, Our readers will observe here a tolerable has offered to cede that island to Goadvance:

vernor Macquarrie, on account of the First for 1809- 18 12 6 1 21 15 0 British government. It appears by the Second - - - 19 5 4 24 6 0

Sydney papers, that several boats' crews, Third . . . 18 5 5 22 15 0

and gangs of skin collectors, bave been First for 1810 - 16 0 6 21 00

lately overpowered and murdered upon Second - - - 15 18 6 22 10 0 Third - - - 14 1 91 19 19 0

the coast of New Zealand, by the natives, First for 1811 - 15 11 .91 21 5 0

who afterwards devoured the bodies. The breed of Merinos has been for

The drought was so great at Sydney, in some years cultivated on the estate of February, 1811, that the tanks were all General ROBERTSON, at Lude, in North. empty, and water, collected from small Britain ; and, as a proof that the pastures

cavities in the spring course, sold at from and climate of Scotland are well adapted four-pence to six-pence per pail. An for this valuable breed of sbeep, so far

academy has been opened at Sydney, from any degeneracy of the animal haring

apon the Lancastrian plan. Each pupil , beun experienced, the Merinos of Cice was to pay one shilling per week..


First for 1806

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7. B. Cramer's Instructions for tbe Piano-forte; is obvious, but we do not think the pro.

composed and fingered by the Autbor. 10s. 6d. posed convenience a sufficient excuse TN this work, to speak in the language for so unnatural a disposition; such a

of the justly celebrated and very in- forced inversion of all order and progenious author, “ the first rudiments of priety. music are clearly explained, and the

The celebrated Irisb Melody of Rubin Adair; principal rules on the art of fingering il.

arranged for ibe Piano-forte as a Rondo, and lustrated, with numerous and appropriate dedicated to Miss S. Martin, by T. Howell. examples: to which are added, lessons in 25. 60. the principal major and minor keys, with We cannot but profess.ourselves much a prelude to each key."

pleased with this production ; Mr. HowMuch is here announced, and we only ell's introductory movement is forid and render Mr. Cramer justice, when we say imperious, and forms a natural and obthat much, very much, has been per- vious prelude to the main subject of the formed. The didactic part of the work piece. The various returns of the theme is laid down in the clearest manner, and are ably managed, the new ideas correthe examples and exercises are se- spond with the original matter, and the lected with a judgment that accords effect of the whole is highly creditable with the high character Mr. C. so justly to Mr. Howell's talents as a piano-forte holds with all admirers of fine talents composer. and profound science.

Advice to a Young Composer, or a Sbort Essay Teveive Voluntaries for the Organ, or Piano on Vocal Harmony, in wbicb the Rudiments of forte; composed by William Russell, Mus. Musical Composition are intended to be exBar. Oxon. 10s. 6d.

plained in a familiar manner. By James We find in this collection of church Peck. 2s. 68. instrumental music, many movements of This liuile Essay, the rudiments of distinguished excellence. In saying that which are elucidated by examples from they are all peculiarly adapted for the Dr. Greene, Dr. Haydn, and Brassetti, purpose for which they are intended, we will be found very useful to juvenile give them but a very small portion of students in composition. They are laid praise to which they are entitled. The down with plainness and precision, and adjustment and combinations of the are well calculated to effect the author's laboured and massy parts of the har. useful object; which, to use his own monies, rank them with the best com- words, is “to enable those who have positions of our times, in the church not time to devote to the practice of the style; and the melodies of the lighter organ, or piano-forte, to set two or three parts of the work are appropriate and parts to any simple air, with correctness interesting. We venture nothing in and effect. saying, that, were the immortal Haydn "Come Holy Spirit from on Higb," an Hymn living, he would receive no small grati. with Sympbonics ; by Pbilomousos. 1s. fication from witnessing the skilful and This hyinn, which is embellished with very masterly manner in which Mr. Rug. Symphonies, is intended for charitable sel has created one of his most celebrated occasions, and is well calculated for such subjects, as a Fugue alla capella. purposes. The public will judge of our A Set of Hymn Tunes and an Antbem; com. opinion of the composition, when we say posed, and delicated to William Wilber force, that we wish every Charity Sermon was Esq. M.P., by C. Lackbart. 10s. 6d. preceded, or succeeded, by as good and We find in this collection (wenty-six as proper an adjunct to ibe interesting pieces; that is, twenty-five hymns and occasion. one antbem. Most of the hyinn tunes The Parting Hymn, written by the late Rev. are of a description to claim our appro. Charles Wesley, A.M. student of Cbristbation. The melodies are pleasing, sim- churcb College, Oxford, and set to Music by ple, and easy of execution. They are Josepb Prendergasi. 15. set for three voices, and are accompanied The inusic of this hymn would not by an adaptation for the organ and justify our warmest praise. The melody piano-forte. The second treble is placed is not without merit, but the accent is on the upper stave; and the first, or frequently false, and the bass is not alprincipal part, on the stave next the ways the best that might have been Lass. The composer's motive for this chosen.

X2 - A Set

A Set of Psalm and Hymus Tunes, with some Se. It is with much pleasure that we have lect Pieces, and an Anibem; composed by received Messrs. Button and Whitaker's Thomas Clarke, of Canterbury. 5$.

Proposals for publishing the Second These psalm and hymn 'tunes are Series of Dr. Clarke's Vocal works of conceived in an easy and familiar style, Handel. The proprietors, in consequence and will be found useful to those who of various solicitations from the sub. are in the habit of devoting their leisure scribers to the First Series, bave extended Sunday hours to the practice of sacred their plan to the completion of the works music.

of the immortal author. The Italian Lord Paget's Walto;" arranged as a Rondo Operas are to be accompanied by ap

for the Piano forte, and dedicated to Miss C. propriate words from the elegant and Mills, by Jobn Davy. 25.

classical peu of the author of the “ Plea. Mr. Davy has rendered “ Lord Paget's sures of Hope.” The graphic decorations Waltz," a highly pleasing exercise for are to be designed by Burney, Devis, the piano-forte. The adscititious matter Hilton, Stothard, Thurston, and Unwins, is fancifully and appropriately conceived, and will be executed by Scriven, Taylor, and the general effect such as will not and Englehart. The eight pieces sefail to recommend it to public notice. lected for this Second Series, are the folSacred Music, comprising Hynins and Anthems; lowing: Esther, Solomon, Athalia, La

composed by Thomas Jarman, Clipstone, Nor. Resurrezione, Giulio Cesare, Agrippina, thamptonshire. 55.

Israel in Egypt, and Theodora.-Dr. These hynas and anthems are in four Clarke adheres to the exclusive adoption parts, and figured for the organ or piano. of the treble and bass cliffs, and the vocal forte. Most of the words are from Dr. parts of the choruses will be in full Watts and Dr. Rippon, and the airs are score ; accompanied with an organ or pleasing, while the construction of the piano part, compressing, and immedi. hartnonics is sound and respectable. ately presenting to the eye of the perThe Reaper's Song," written by the Rev. W. former, the spirit and superstructure of

B. Collyer, A.M. set 10 Music by James each composition.
Peck. 1s.

Mr. GARDNER's Sacred Melodies The melody and combination of this have just appeared, and will be noticed little hymn, does credit to Mr. Peck's in our next, taste and musical knowledge.


With occasional Notices of Important judicial Decisions.

CAP. XLIV. “An Act for the erec- rules, &c. A visitor also appointed.-A 804

ution of a Penitentiary House for the vernor, a chaplain, a surgeon or apothecary, confinement of offenders convicted with a storekeeper, and also for that portion of the in the city of London and county of Mid- house set apart for female convicts, a matron, dlesex; and for ipaking compensation to


together with such taskmasters and other offi.

cers, assistants, and servants, to be appointed Jeremy Bentham, Esq. for the non-per

by the committee, who may vary the number formance of an agreement between the

of officers.--The governor to be a body corpo said Jeremy Bentham and the Lords rate, and empowered to contract for clothing, Commissioners of his Majesty's treasury, diet, &c. necessary for the offenders, with the respecting the custody and maintenance approbation of the committee. --Accounts to of convicts.”—20th April, 1812.

be entered in a book.-Duty of storekeeper This Act recites the 19 G. iii. c. 74, aod and taskmaster. - Books to be examined by the 34 G. iii. c, 84, and that a penitentiary house committee.-Committee may examine upon has not been crected but land has been pure oath, and may dismiss any offender for fraud chased in Tothill-fields for the purpose, and or collusion.-Committee to certify to the appoints three' supervisors to carry the Act principal Secretary of State for the Home De. into execution, and after such appointment partment, when such house shall be fit for the tbe purchased lands to be vested in his ma- reception of offenders - Gaoler's fees and exjesty. - Supervisors to erect a penitentiary peoses of removal to be paid by the city or house. Arbitrators to settle questions be. county Governor to have the same power tween the public and Mr. Bentham.-Super. Over offenders in his custody as a sheriff or visors to superintend the erection of a peni. goaler.-Offenders, when brought, to be sepatentiary house.-Committee of management rately lodged and washed, and examined by appointed.Committee to make bye laws, the surgeon. Whce discharged to be fur

nished with docent clothing, and an allow. spirits for exportation void. Penalties how ance not exceeding 31. and a like sum at the to be ievied. Act may be altered this end of a year, if the offender can procure a session. reputable master to employ him.-Offenders Cap. XLVI. “An Act to grant to to be kept to labour, and to be lodged either his Majesty duties upon spirits inade or separately or otherwise.-Hours of work, ex- distilled

distilled in Ireland, and to allow certain cept Sundays, Christmas Day, and Good Fri

drawbacks on the exportation thereof; day, and days of ill-health, with half an hour for breakfast and an hour for dinner, not

and to repeal certain bounties given to ,exceeding eight hours in November, Decem

persons licensed to sell spirituous liquors, ber, and January; nine hours in February and wine, beer, and ale, by retail in Ireland." October, and ten hours in the rest of the year; 5th May, 1812. but the committee may by a written order A dditional duty on spirits to be paid of permit any prisoner to labour voluntarily for 26. 6d. sterling in Ireland, and the bounty or a longer time. -Rewards to be granted, and male liquors, &c. under 50 Geo. iii. C. 46, te. offenders divided into classes.--Committee to pealed. report offenders who shall manifest extraordi. Cap. XLVII. “An Act to revive and nary diligence. Offenders shall be fed and continue until the thirty-first day of Dea clothed with coarse but wholesome food, and cember, one thousand eight hundred and apparel, with distinguishing marks to facili. twelve, so much of an Act made in the tate discovery in case of escapes; and persons forty-ninth year of his present Majesty, le supplying them with other food or clothing to

prohibit the distillation of spirits from be punished.- None but officers to enter any

corn or grain in the United Kingdom, of the apartments.-Governor may employ

as relates to Ireland."-5th May, 1812. offenders as servants.Officers or servants

The Statute 49 G. üi. c. 7. is, so far as ree supplying any offender with money, provi

spects Ireland, revived and continued. sions, or liquor, contrary to this Act, to be

Cap. XLVIII. “An Act to provide punished. --Chaplain to read morning and evening prayers, and preach two sermons

for the regulating and securing the collec. on Sundays. --Offenders to walk and air chem

tion of the duties ou spirits distilled in selves, -Offenders when sick to be visited by

Ireland from corn, malted or uninaited, in the surgeon, and if necessary be sent to the stills of and under one hundred gallons infirmary.- Committee to examine into the content.”-5th May, 1812. State of the house, and inspect the accounts. The statutes 46 G. iii. c. 88, 47 G. iiia Governor empowered to bear complaints. sess. 2. c. 17, 48 G.ji. c. 78, 48 G. iii. c. 81 Enormous offenders to be confined by the go. 49 G. iii. c. 99, 50 G. iij. c. 15, and 50 G vernor, and reported to the committee. iii. c. 99, are not to extend to distillers under Governor to keep regular books, and returns this Act, save as therein.-lhe duties under to be made therefrom.-Reports to be laid be. 50 G. iii. c. 15, to remain in force, and varifore the King in Council, and to both Houses ous regulations are imposed for the collection, of Parliament.-Bye laws, rules, &c. to be Commissioners of excise may licence stills reported to the King in Council, and to both from 44 to 100 gallons content. No person Houses of Parliament.--Expeoses of exe- shall keep a still without obtaining licence, curing the Act to be laid before the House of and nu sţill to exceed 100 gallons content, and Commons.-Punishment of persons breaking other regulations enacted. prison or escaping, three years additional im. Cap. XLIX. “An Act to continue prisonment, and felony the second oftence. the period for purchasing the legal quays Persons rescuing or attempting to rescue ofe in the port of London, and to enable the fenders, from one to five years imprisonment, Lords of the Treasury to purchase huildand supplying instruments without escape a ings in Thames-street, for the purpose of snisdemeanor.-Offenders may be removed.

erecting a new Custom House."-5th -Courts may sentence offendere to hard

May, 1812. labour.

The statutes 47 G. iii, sess. 2. c. 60, and Cap. XLV. "An Act to suspend the 43 G. iii. c. 126, (Loc. and Per.) recited, exportation, from Ireland to parts beyond and the period for purchasing legal quays is the seas, of spirits inade or distilled in extended. ---8161. 75. 58. co be paid yearly in Ireland from corn or grain, until the lieu of parochial rates for the premises in thirty-first day of December, one thousand Lower Thames-street.-- The present and the eight hundred and twelve."-5th May, new Custom House to be exempt from the 1812.

payment of rates and assessments, Spirits made from corn not to be exported Cap. L. “AnAct to continue untii three on penalty of forfeiture. Lord Lieutenant months alter the commencement of the may permit the exportation of spirits alter next session of Parliament, and ainend Oct. i, 1812, or continue the prohibition for an Act of the last session of Parliament, a limited time.-Spirits shipped before April for making more effectual provision for pre12, 1812, not to be forfeited. - Contracts for renting the current gold coin of the reakin


from being paid or accepted for a greater land shall be punished as in England. -Con value than the current value of such tinuance of Act until three months after the coin; for preventing any note or bill of next session of parliament. the gewernor and company of the Bank of The writer of this, Mr. I. P. Smith, England from being received for any has paid great attention to the submaller som than the sum therein speci. ject of money, and the laws of Erg. Sed; and for staying proceedings upon land with respect to coin and currency, any distress by tender of such notes; and upon which he is now printing a

extend the same to Ireland."-5th May, work, wbicb he hopes will supply the 1812.

defect of an elaborate treatise upon this, The statute 51 G. jji. c. 127, is recited, perhaps the most important and most inand it is therefore enacted, that, after this tricate subject in political economy. Ile Act, no person shall receive or pay for any is not prepared to say, that this bill, so gold coin lawfully current within the United


for as it is

far as it tends to support the paper systein Kingdom, any more in value, benefit, profit,

itt, of England, and to prevent the countu-ion er advantage, than the true lawful value which such gold coin doth or shall by its de.

which must arise from the inmediare curre bouwination import, whether such value or ad

Alict of paper and coin, is not a measure Fantage taken in lawfal money, notes of the

f the absolutely necessary to the preservation Bank of England, or silver tokens by the said of the paper and the funding system, company, or if in Ireland in notes of the Bank which are linked together so strictly that of breland, or silver tokens issued by them, the one cannot subsist without the other, er by any or all of tbe said means, wholly or but both must fall together. If it be un partiy,,er by any otber means, devise, sbift, or derstood as a temporary measure, as it is wortrivande watsoever; and every oftender expressed to be, until the legislature can herein shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and provide for the regular destruction of the buffer six months'imprisonment, and find sure

funding system, the satisfaction of the ties for his or her good behaviour for one year

public creditor, and the return of the true more, and on a second offence shall suffer one year's imprisonment, and find surecies for one

system of metallic currency in coin, with

out which it is impossible to carry on year more, to be computed from the end of the said last-mentioned year; and if after- equitably the fair exchanges of society, wards conricted be imprisoned for two years this may not only be considered as a ne. for every such subsequent offence. When cessary, but a salutary, measure. But, if persons who have been convicted shall be it be expected that paper can eternally again guilty, the Clerk of the Peace shall cer- supply the place of coin, the views of the tify former conviction-Indictments not to legislature must be defeated by the silent ke traversed.--On prosecution it shall not be but sure operation of the counteracting necessary to prove the money, notes, or coin, infuence of the law of nature. The writer good and lawful, but the contrary must be will prove that all paper currency opeshewn by the offender.-No person shall, by

rates by a principle which is equivalent

rates' by a princ any means, devise, shift, or contrivance what.

to the successive debasement of coin, *soever, receive or pay in Great Britain any notes of the Bank of England, or in Ireland

adopted by our kings who preceded the any notes of the Bank of Ireland, for less reign of the great Elizabeth, and must than the amount of lawful money expressed . necessarily produce the most dreadfui therein, and to be thereby made payable, ex- confusion in all payments of wages, aouuie eept lawful discount for time; and every such ties, pensions, rents, and all stated inperson shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and come; and that, unless the effect is coun. pay a fine of double the armount of the note, teracted by the adoption of a mode of and suffer imprisonment, not exceeding two payment in coin, as hath been adopted months. Proceedings for distress, &c. to be in all college leases since the reign of Elie stayed in case full payment is tendered in beth, or soine coinmodity whose value Bank notes, in Great Britain and Ireland. must intrinsically remain the same, the Bank of England notes in Great Britain, and confusion of all contracts must ultimately Barik of Ireland nutes in Ireland, to be good

produce the greatest distress and cala. payment to officers of any court, or by offis

mity, accompanied with all those moral cers out of a y court on any process.-Bank of Encland notes in Great Britain, and Bank

and political evils to which general calaof beland notes in lieland, to be taken by mity inevitably lead. officers of courts levying money under process

As to the avowed object of the bill, of any court of law or equity, or other court which is to prevent the exportation of the in the United Kingdom.--All notes so paid gold coin of this realm, it has come too shall, if required, be indorsed by the person late; for the coin is already gone, except paying them, and to be verified by affidavit such as is locked up in the coffers of the to be Bank notes.--Offcaces committed in Scot Bank of England, The few that remain

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