« ZurückWeiter »
.It is to be lamented, that Broussonet eyes! Being afterwards appointed, along should have quitted a career in which he with Vauvilliers, to obtain the necessary was destined to shine; but, during the quantity of provisions for the capital, he same year he was received into the Aca- found himself more than twenty times demy, he happened also to be chosen menaced with the loss of bis life, by the secrerary to the Society of Agriculture; people who were preserved by his so, and this first cause of distraction pro. licitudes, while they permitted them. duced many others. Agricultural So. selves to be misled by those very inen cieties had been established in the dif- whose interest it was to starve them ferent Generalities in 1761. Composed le afterwards sat in the Legislative for the most part, either of wealthy pro. Assembly, at the dissolution of which. prietors or simple farmers, they had he retired to his house near Monthitherto displayed but little activity in pellier, in order to enjoy that repose Fespect to their operations, while that which had fled from hila for ever, since of the capital had only published a few the first moment that he had yielded to instructions, during the space of twenty- the attractions of ambition, four years. Berthier de Sauvigny made After the revolution of the 31st of it someshing like a point of honor, to May, he was imprisoned in the citadel of confer reputation on this study, and the place of his nativity, and would have thought that he could not confide this experienced the same fate as so many enterprise to any one more capable than other illustrious inen, had he not found M. Broussonet, whom he had known in means to escape to his brother, who at England. In the exercise of his new that period was employed as a physician Sinetrons, he displayed great fexibility in the army of the Pyrenees. Under of ralents ; and, quitting by degrees that pretence of botanising, he found his way dryiness of style which is the character of into Spain, through the breche de Roland: the school to which he had attached him.' and, after being nearly frozen to death self, fre soon acquired the powers of allength reached Madrid, without money. composition, and at times displayed all and without clothes, after nearly perishise the charms of the most cnptivating, elow with hunger, having in vain solicited quence. The first of his eulogies, several of the barher-surgeons of those that of Buffon, is perhaps still feeble for villages through which he passed, to em so great a name; but, in those which suc. ploy him as their assistent, for bis vies ceeded, he sometimes makes us ena- tuals alone. mored with the peaceable virtues of MM. Cavanilles and Orteza reBlarear; wbiłe, at other times, be in. ceived him with open, arms, and Sir eluces us to admire the frankness, pro- Joseph Banks interested himself in his bitv, and devotion of Turgot, to what behalf; but he was soon persecuted by soever respected the public gnod.
the Emigrants, and obliged to fly, first to . During those times, when the vows of Seres, next to Cadiz, and then to Lisbon. all seemed to call for a popular revo. Here again they discovered, and de lucion, he procured abundant applauses nounced him to the Inquisition, unby constantly and energetically declare der pretence that he was a free-mason; ing his wishes in behalf of the inhabitants they even accused the Duke de la Foens. of the cuuntry. M. Broussonet, on a prince of the blood, and president of whom such discourses had conferred a the Academy of Sciences, who at the popular reputation, could not fail of be request of Corea de Serra, a celebrated ing chosen to supply some of those botanist, had hitherto protected him, of places, which at this perind were about jacobinisin. to be conferred by the opinions of his . In this extremity, M. Broussonet confellow-citizens; but the very first one sidered himself very fortunate in being obtained by him, made him quickly re- ' permitted to acconipany in quality of gret the neglected sciences, and the physician, the ambassador, whom the peaceable occupations of the closet. States of America sent to the Emperor Having been nominated in 1789, to the of Morocco. His next step was, in electoral body of Paris, and consequently obtain his name to be expunged by the chosen to supply the place of the suge Directory, from the list of emigrants: pended authorities, on the very day he and he then employed all the interest of first entered the Hütel de Ville, it was his friends, to obtain for him the office of but to behold the intendant, his friend Consul ai Morocco. The plague having and protector, butchered before his driven biin froin that country, he was
nominated to the consulship of the Ca. from all parts. But the loss of his wife, naries; there, as at Salee, Magador, Lise and the dangerous state of his daughbon, &c. he devoted himself in his ruling ter's health, produced a slight degree passion, employing all his leisure noof apoplexy, after which he could ments in studying plants, and making never either pronopace or write pro. interesting observations, which he traus- per names, or substantives ; he was mitted regularly to his native country. able to describe the figure of a man, or
Still, however, ic was evident, that the color and form of a plant, without such a man as Broussonet, was destined being able to ufter the precise appellation for the chaic of an University; and le of the one, or the other. Nocwithstandaccordingly returned 10 Montpellier, un- ing this, Broussopet might have entirely der the protection of M. Chaptal, mi- recovered, bad he not expused himself to nister of the Interior, and soon rendered the heat of the sun, on the 21st of July, the botanical garden the admiration of 1809, which produced all the agitations all botanists, both in respect to the re- incident to a convulsive lethargy, and gularity and vumber of the plants, while finally put an end to his life, at the end his lectures attracted a crowd of students of six days.
Extracts from the Portfolio of u Man of Letters.
SIMILE OP MONTESQUIEU, . cap, with a glass of ale in her hand; but M ONTESQUIEU says, in one of the landlords or painters have long omit
1 his letters: Que dites vous des ted to amex the verses which formerly Anglais ? Voyes comme ils couvrent were appended to it, and of which the toutes les mers. C'est une grande baleine: following is a copy: et latum sub pectore possidet æquor. "Old Mocher Red-Cap, according to her tale, DOCTOR CLANFY. .
" Lived twenty and a hundred years by A blind man of this name, a native of drinking this good ale; England, undertook a journey to Paris. " It was her meat, it was her drink, and He was, master of the French and Latin medicine beside, languages, and translated at Paris, into " And, if she still had drank this ale, sbe Latin verse, the first canto of the Temple never would have died." . of Gnidos.
The Lord Cornbury, in whose name There are few iobabitants or visitors of Voltaire published a pretended correa the metropolis who have not been amused spondence with Bolingbroke, against the With the sign of Old Mother Red-Cap, at supernatural origin of Christianity, was a Camden Town), and who have not been descendant of Chancellor Hyde, who, by curious to learn something of the old reason of a pulmonary consumption, réa lady's true history. Tradition tells us sided in the South of France, and died that she was one of the camp women, there much regretted, on account of his who attended the army of the Duke of amenity, his talent, and his liberalily. Marlborough during his campaigns; and Ile visited Montesquieu, at his villa, or that after the peace of Utrecht she set vineyard of La-Brede, and appears to pa hedge ale house on the spot since bare held the opinions imputed to him. distinguished by her portrait as a sign. By reading his ancestor's Survey of the Her bouse, though humble, and built only Leviathan, he was led to become a Jis. ol mud, straw, and thatch, became, how. ciple of Hobbesi' " " ever, a favorite place of resort to the off.
HISTORY OF LOUIS XT. .- ? cers and soldiers who knew her in the Montesquieu had written a History of army; and bere, over a mog of her whole- Louis XI. and, having caused it to be some home-brewed, they used to tell the copied, he desired his secretary to burn ! story of their achievements and adven- the rough draught. By some mistake, tures during thewars. The old woman lived the secretary burnt the fair copy; and long enough to improve her fortunes and Montesquieu, finding the interlined sheets her dwelling, but whether she survived Tying about, and supposing that his order to the great age of 120 is now uncertain, had been neglected, burnt these also.
e modern sign, which is probably a copy lle never repeared the toil of compothe old one, represents her in her red sition; and thus this world was deprived,
by an accident, of a work, which perhaps him his' recently obtained diploma of would have rivalled Lord Bacon's History field-marshal. Catherine, of course, re. of Henry VII.
stored it eagerly, and conferred on him VERSATILITY OF TASSO.
the Livonian governorship, which did so Tasso, while a young man, was irreli- mucb honor to his civil administration, gious; and appears to have hesitated be- and earned him the title of Count. He tween the Epicurean philosophy of Pom- was twice married, and left a son, by the ponatius, and the Platonic philosophy of first; a son and two daughters, by the Marsilio Ficino. But, in mature life, he second bed. He died in 1792. His felt disposed to reconcile bimself to the Life appeared at Riga, in 1794. church, and to pursue preferment in it.
FIXE ART. For this purpose, he made a pilgrimage How little connexion, exclaims Goethe. to Loretto, which was the gentlest form the artist retains with his works. What of retracting beresy, and composed bis seems to be most his own, is least his Creazione del Mondo, which, but for his property. Like birds that have out. death, would hare been rewarded with grown the nest, his productions pass an ecclesiastic benefice.
away from him for ever. GEORGE DE BROWNE, A NEGLECTED This is especially the case with the are BIOGRAPHY.
chitect. How often he bestows all bis George Browne, born at Limerick, effort, his energy, his genius, in proJune 15, 1689, quitted Ireland in 1725, ducing rooms, whence he is to be exand entered into the service of the cluded. Royal Palaces owe to him the Elector Palatine. Thence, with General pomp, of which no co-enjoyment is Keith, he passed in 1730 into the Russian vouchsafed. In the temple, he draws service, and assisted in queiling a mutiny, the boundary between the world and the which broke out on the accession of the sanctuary; and is thenceforth forbidden Empress Anne I wanowna. His conduct, to pass the hallowed precinct. With the on this occasion, was rewarded by a rapid key of the villa, he hands over to the promotion to the rank of major. He was rich man a thousand conveniences, which employed in Poland afier the death of he is not to partake. Must not this Augustus II. to support the accession of operate to the disparagement of art; if
the son, and, under Marshal Munich, the work, like a portioned child, is never · won a victory, near Danzig, over some to re-act on the father, never to be ob
French troops in the interest of Stanis. served in practical activity, never to be laus. In 1739 he was sent, under the criticized by hiin, when employed about feigned name of Boyer, to accompany its ends? How much faster and more the imperial army to Belgrade, as an in- securely art must have improved, wben specting commissary for Russia. At it was only occupied about public works, Krozka, he was taken prisoner by the in which the artist, like all his country. Turks, carried to Adrianople, and sold men, had access, property, and a patrio. there three times as a slave. The Rus- tic interest. sians, baving discovered his situation,
HERESY. employed the French ambassador at I am certain, says Jeremy Taylor, ia Constantinople to get him redeemed. the admirable epistle dedicatory to bis This was accomplished; and was suc- Liberty of Prophesying, that a drunkard ceeded by further marks of confidence is as contrary to God, and lives as confrom the Russian government. With trary to the laws of Christianity, as a General Lascy, his brother-in-law, he heretic; and I am also sure that I know, . made a campaign in Fioland, and ate what drunkenness is; but I am not sure tained the rank of a lieutenant-general. that such an opinion is heresy; neither His services there were so brilliant, that, would other men be so sure as they soon after the accession of the Empress think for, if they considered it aright, and Elizabeth, he obtained the order of observed the infinite deceptions, and Saint-Alexander-Newski. In the sub- causes of deceptions, in wise men. sequenc Prussian war, he was seized by THOUGHTS OF THOMAS, THE FRENCH the Prussians, and re-delivered by the ACADEMICIAN, ON LANGUAGE. Cossacks; but was disabled by wounds Languages are diffuse, in proportion as from prosecuting the service. On the ac. they are poor. cession of Peter III. he had the misfortune Poetry has two parts, to describe sento disoblige that emperor, who took from sibly, and to describe rhythmically; the
first is addressed to the fancy, and the Quixote, is thus .computed by Senor second to the memory.
Rios: Poetry, 'eloquence, and conversation, 1604, July 28, he sallied forth, and are three shades of the same color.
returned the day after .. 2 days They are different ways of expressing He remained at home . 18 do. ideas; eloquence is the middle way, as His second excursion, from it often rends alıpost into poetry on the
Aug 17th, to Sept. 2d .. 17 do. one side, and alınost into conversation on
He returned home, and stayed Si do.
The third sally began on the ro, the other.
3d of Oct. and continued The less people think, the more must
to the 29th of Dec. .. 87 do: ideas be painted to the senses: as nations
He returned home, fell ill grow effeminare, poetry quits abstract
next day, and, on the 8th for picturesque expression.
of Jan. 1605, he died .. 10 do. DURATION OF QUIXOTIC ADVENTURES. | The duration of the bistory of Don Five months and twelve days, or 165 days.
For lov'd Erate, from my earliest years,
Has ever been the guardian of my theme,
BY JOHN MAYNE.
When his funereal train drew near,
The peuple gazing in the rear?
When bis funereal car drew near,
Not one fair cheek without a tear! A nation's grief bedew'd his grave,
Devotion mourn'd him as her own; Far, in the battle truly brave,
He fear'd th' OMNIPOTENT alone! 0! how it sooth'd the hero's shade,
Though weeping still at Trafalgar, When in the grave his dust was laid
With all the pride and pomp of war! Incomb'd in yonder ballow'd fane,
With requiems due his ashes rest;
Inshrin'd his spirit with the blest !
And Fame records it with a sigh!
tory, by the explosion of a mine, scarcely a
BY JOHN PRINCE SMITH, EsQs " CAN storied urn, or animated bust,
Back to its mansion call the fleeting
breach; Can honor's voice provoke the silent dust, Or flatt'ry sooch che dull cold ear of
death?" • Nu-this sad pile MACKINNON's worth
records, Here grateful nations heap their last rewards: Empty this tomb, Fame's laurel wicach ega
To string the toneful harp, and fondly tell,
Of him who lov'd at ev'ning hour to dwell, Where Solitude and Meditation meet.
MONTHLY Mac. No. 231,
Borne on the wings of Glory and of Fame, Delia the same 'midst summer's burning -
• Then stay! Devouring Glory left no frail remains :
Oh stay!' Nor friend, nor soldier, view'd his death. Thy form shall be my constant guest; struck form:
The genial fire within my breast Glory seized all; Earth buried in the storm.
Shall burn for only you. EDWARS. Yat did fond friendsbip, o'er his memory, weep,
1. FROM MELEAGER. Won by his prowess,prompt to guide their way!
DEEP in the carth, these tears for thee I Yet their great Chieftain shorten'd still
shed, This rest,
Fruits of that love which follows thee, tho' "While deep regret his anxious heart opprest: dead! Grief for the Hero, who his danger shar'd, Yes, let this tomb, by tears bedew'd, express His skill so aided, half his labours spar'd; My love, Heliodora, my distress; Grief for the man whom Talavera's field, Hear, parent Earth, hear my last request, Busaco's heights, Fame's ample harvest yield; And gently, gently, told her to thy breast. Whose skill and worth on every height were
2. FROM THE SAME. - try'd,.
Rnow thou, inquiring stranger, that I came And ev'ry plain by War's red glories dyed. From Cnidus,- Arete mia's my name ; Yet have fond friends their tearful sorrows Of gentle Euphron, once the happy wife, shed,
I bore him twins, and bade adieu to life; And'ashing griefs assaild the widow's bed! I left him onc, a farber's care to prove, Yet lisping infants crowd their mother's And one I took, pledge of a husband's love, knee,
• 3. HUMAN POSSESSIONS. To keep her woes amid their childish glee! All things that mortals can enjoy,
Ah, what avails this witchery of woc! Like them are mortal too ;
Are quickly pass'd by you.
4. ON DEATH.
One trodden track still points the way,
Unto the joyless God.
And, tho' an exile's death thou die, How sleep the brave by Britain's wishes blest!
And see thy home no more,
From ev'ry clime a gale impels
Switc to the Stygian shore.
5. AGE. ** Ah, why, along the sylvan glade, Your locks you may dip in the deep-color'd die, Flits thy form with tremolous laste,
But dyeing old age is in vain ; . And shuns a fame to pure and chaste, For the hard wrinklid chcek every art will As that which warnis my heart?
defy, Think'st thou for pain alone were giv'n,
The smooth forehead will ne'er come again. That beauty, boon of bounteous Hear'n, Dismiss then thy colours, dismiss them with That voice in tones melodious flowing,
speed, Those checks with soft attraction glowing! Nor a inask for a visage mistake; Oh stay,
'Tis all labor in vain, for you ne'er shall suc. Oh stay,
ceed, Nor scorn my soft impassion's sigh,
Nor a Helen of Hecuba make. But let that now reverted eye
6. ON XERXES. One gleam of hope impart.
Him, whom the elements in vain defied, Fly not, Delia, thus a way,
Who sail'd thro' mountains, march'd upon Like Peneus' maid, the god of day;
the tide, Thu' past the age where poets tell
Laconia's warlike sons with scorn beheld, . The face that Daphne's form befell,
And (blush, O sea! O mountains, blush!) re. · Which' to a laurel grew. Yet, as it marks the moral plain,
Oxford, 2016 June, 1812. B. C. Let me the pleasing type retain,