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and German, contains the remains of will continue to be cultirateri so long as the Iberian language. Immediately after the human race sball be preserved from the Iberians, appeared the Celts, a nation barbarity and destruction." in all probability more numerous, which Adelung shows that the Thracian lana occupied the right bank of the Danube, guayc prevailed both in Asia-Minor and the north of Italy, Gaul, the British Europe, in the east and the south. He Isles, and a portion of Spain, From makes the ancient Greek and its various their language have sprung the two Celdialects, to spring from it, and finally tic dialecis, still spoken at this very day, the modern Greek of our own times. the first in Ireland, and the second in the From tlie Greek and a Celtic dialect, bont mountains of Scotland. Adelung seizes chiefiv froin the Greck alone, proceeded this opportunity to give a catalogue of the Latin; and from the Latin, whether the real Celtic words, and dedicates no pure or currupted, proceeded the Italian, fewer than thirty eigiit pages to his en- ihe Spanisli, and ine Portuguese. The quiries into the originality of the poems Freneh, according to him, is a unixture of of Ossian, which be pronounces to be the Celtic, German, &c. “ but has he. very modern. He next treats of the come, by its elegance and clearness, by Welch and Cornish tongues, and of the its celebrated works in eloquence and Bas-Breton, which he considers as merely poetry, as well as by its original books two dialects of the same language. These in all sciences, sull more than, by the mi. he does not think, strictly speaking, to litary prowess, and superior policy of the have been Celtic; they are, according to nation, the universal language of modern hiin, two remarkable remnants of the Europe." Belgic, or Kinri, an idiom which he con- The eastern Sclavonic produced the siders as a mixture of the Celtic and Ger- Russian, ibe Illyrian, the Croatian, &c. maan, surcharged with Latin.
The Western Sclavonic has four branches, Next after the Celts, coine the Ger. the Polish, Bohemian, Servian, and More mans, more especially in the north of thern Vi indic. The Walachian also: Europe ; then, in the south, the Thra. comes from the Sclavonic, but is greaily cians, fathers of the Greeks; finally, in mixed with bad Lalin ; next comes the the east and the north, the Slavi; these, Finnick language, which is mother of the together with the Fins, appear to have Findlandish, the Laponic, the Esthonan, been the last whin arrived in that portion and the Livonian. These, with the liun. of the world, where France and Russia garian and the Albaneses, are the idioms are now the chiet dominant powers. Of treated of in the second volume of Mith. the German language, three principal rilates, and the whole will be rendialects remain :--1. The teutonic, sub dered complete by means of a third, divided into the superior, interior, and which is now in the press. This is to middle. Out of the inixture of the three, contain researches into the languages of the second of which possesses five differs Africa as well as of America, and M. ent branches, in the time of Luther and de Murr, of Wirtemburgh, and N. de his first disciples, arose a cominon idiom Humboldt, have both furnished the con. called Iligh German, because the supe. tinuator with their assistance upon this rior or upper dominates; this is doubt. occasion. less a rich idiom, but not intirely fixed,
MISCELLANEOUS. although very inuch cultivated in the “ Europe en Perit."-Europe in Mi. north of Europe, and greatly perfected dniature: being a collection of medals of during the latter moiety of the last cen the middle ages, and appertaining to all tury.
parts of Europe; by the proprietor JEAN 2. The Germanic-Scandinavian, which JEOFFERY LIPSIUS, inspector of the has four branches, the Danish, the Nor- Gallery of Antiquities appertaining to his wegian, the Icelandic, and the Swedish. majesty the king of Saxony.
And 3. The English, a prodigious The editor has declined to follow the mixture, in which the German predomie system of Medai, and those who take nates.
him for their model, but adopted that * Like the Celtic language, the Thra. followed by Eckbel, in his Catalogue of cian is also lost; but the remains of it the Cabinet of Medals at Vienna, as well are found in its illustrious daughters, as in his Doctrina Nummorum l'eteruni; 'the Greek and Latin; these are classical that is to say, the geographical order. tongues, idioms of literal ideas, dialects Lipsius has doubtless encountered a va. of literature and Christianity, languages riety of difficulties in the classification which have civilized nations, and which of nioderu medals, in conformity to a
system which bis precursor applied to to draw her into a solitary place, on the ancient ones alone, but he has been purpose to give to their interview, all the repaid with complete success.
appearance of an assignation : he, in “Lydie, ou les Marriages Manqués, short, seized this opportunity to ruin her Conte Moral."-Lydia, or Marriage reputation, and accident was not a little Disappointments, a moral tale, by Ma- favourable to his projects, by sending dame J. SIMONS CONDEILLE, author of old Bellegarde and his son chither, in Catherine, ou la Belle Fermiere. Paris, consequence of her screams, after which 2 vols, 12mo.
they immediately took their departure. Lydia de St. Hilaire, was young and But an unhappy event unmasked Ad. . charming, and a mother who idulised bemar in the midst of his triumphs, for her, bad, of course, completely spoiled a fire having consumed the castle of her. On her first leaving the domestic Mordyk, anel together with it a large asylum where a fond parent resided, she portion of the fortune of Lydia, he fled repaired to the Castle of Mordeck, inha. from the scene of ruin like a coward, and bited by her aunt. This lady had assem- a paltroon. The life of Lydia was on bled around her a select society, and this occasion saved by Valmont, the " the young Alphonso de Bellegarde became friend of her father, a man at once anija. amorous of our heroine, at the very first ble, virtuous, and rich; and who cultisight of her! The relations charmed valed painting from his love of the art. with the prospect of a match so suitable Gratitude attached her to him, who had for both parties, in every point of view, consecrated his fortune to repair the already began to arrange every thing for losses of her parent; but her character, the intended marriage, when Adhemar which was both imperious and irregular, de Mulsam, took offence at what was soon invited new misfortunes. She about to be done. This personage, we thought that the eagerness of her new are told, was not in love with Lydia; no, lover to obtain her hand, was nothing he loved himself too well for this, and, more than an anticipated air of authority, , as the fair author observes with some and soon broke ot the negociation for a humour, such an event would have been marriage. Soon after this, M. de Préval, a considered by him as an infidelity! But gentleman whom she believed to love he was incited by the giory of achieving her, and in favour of whom she deigned so great a conquest, and interest pere to pronounce, declined the connexion, haps, in addition to this, made him re. and Lydia now ready to die in conse. solve to recur to all the seductive arts in quence of an illness occasioned by chage
rin, lost all her beauty. On this in her An absence of eight days, on the part turn, she adores Valmont, who, on the of Alphonso, left sufficient time for Ad- other hand, refuses to espouse her, and bemar, to make some progress in the tells her that he will content himself affections of Lydia; billets, sighs, feigned with remaining the inost zealous of her absence of mind, were all employed by friends. turns. He thus, at length, found means
N.B. The total Interruption of Communication with GERMANY, renders it ine practicable to continue, for the present, our Retrospect of Germun Literuture.
THIRTY-FIRST VOLUM E.
233 Axioms on toleration .... 133
469, 562 Bailey, Mr. on life annuities, objections
504, 604 Baker, George, account of .. 28
168 | Bankruptcies, lists of 73, 177, 271, 370,
.........., numerical list of
.. . ..
128 Beaconsfield, Rorman pavement found at 999
320 Beau sobre's history, query concerning 236
359 | Berington, S. literary character of 511
........ at Liverpool
563 | Bland, Mr. catastrophe attending 188
318, 442, 547 | ......, marriages, &c, at . 82
77 Catullus, translation from
100 Celtr, derivation of .. 19, 150
361 | ...... analysis, on
ib. Cheshire, discovery of a cobalt mine in
585 Chichester, charity school at .. 392
155 Chillembrun, descsiption of the pagoda
296 Claygei's, Mr., piano-torte, on .. 28
485 Clinton, improvements at 296, 439,
562 | Cobalt mine, account of a
389 | Commercial reporís 100, 197, 304, 397, 500,
593 | Consolidated fund, state of the .. 71
387, 390, 484, 493, 196, Cornwall, improvements in ..
....., committed in Lancashire 288 | Emerson's tbevry of arches, remarks on 223,
43 | England, letters of a wanderer through 213
........, sketch of a tour in
20, 321 | Enquirer, the
........, Mrs. character of
267 Falstafi, on the character of
......., society for the relief of, 476 Fêre given by the Prince Regent 531
496, 563, 581
443 Firing for the poor, on providing 126
568 | Flogging, on military
322 Flora, of Northumberland and Durham 56
251 | Font, description of a remarkable. 999
278 France, commercial and political sta
476 Fry, George, account of .. 495
93 Gascoigne, Miss, monument to the me-
60 Gaudentio di Lucca, on the author of 511
397 German works of literature
176 | Germany, political state of
........, robberies in
59 Gloucestershire, freeholders who voted