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scripts, both originals, and copies. The tary of state, from whom, for his own se want of instruction froin government for curity, after the orders of the king, he that purpose, I was told, still prevented must in person receive a written comhis official interposicion; at the same tiine mand for the purpose. The whole scene his majesty's minister directed me to go was then shified. The next morning I in his name to the Chevalier Seratti, was informed, the orders of the king, with a representation of the necessity with regard to these manuscripts, were there was to remove these objects. This in revived force. What else could be secretary of state, instead of entering iin. expected? Your royal bighness may be Jmediately into the subject of my visit, pleased to consider, that the Chevalier chose, with great violence, and with Seratti, and others still higher, who were foaming mouth, and in the most unjus- never suspected of too much anglicism, titiable terms, to heap upon me, whose would, in the instance of these manoi mission was certainly not at all political, scripts, avail themselves of every ciro the most heavy invectives against bis cumstance that seemed to justify a nonmajesty's forces, which had been landed compliance with the demands of your at Naples. At last, having, in the course royal highness's superintendent. The ‘of an half hour, most amply vented his circumstance that his majesty's minister rage, he returned, in a softened tone, to would not officially, much less urgendly, the cause of my visit: he assured me, insist upon the reinoval of tbe manus that reinoval would injure the original scripts, gave the party, who opposed “ Papiri," and was besides not necessary; tbai removal, a fair pretext for that op** we shall soon be at Naples again." position. This party said, and I heard

After the departure of the king, the it repeated, that this removal could not hereditary prince was regent of the king- have been wished by government, other. dom. For the same reason, and in the wise bis majesty's minister would have same manner, as his majesty's minister interposed. So far this party may be had not yet received instructions, I was thought to be supported by some justidirected to wait upon his royal highness, fication, provided your royal highness who informed me, that the king, at the could, for a moment, be reconciled to time of his departure, in which he was the measure of abandoning to the com. accompanied by the Chevalier Seratti, mon enemy those objects. For the achad given strict orders for not removing quisition of them a person had been sent the manuscripts. From these orders the to Naples, under your own royal com. regent could not deviate. It must be mission, and received in that character confessed, the political character of by the Neapolitan court. In the acqui. Chevalier Seratti was generally regarded sition of them, that person had several a's not favourable to the interests of Great years employed the most continual and Britain, but strongly inclining to the the most embarrassing study and fatigue, French party. Whatever may be the and at the expence of his majesty's you truth, I must have some right to questioú vernment, and under the sanction of an his good faith, at least, when

act of parliament, in the kingdom of a Nec cineri servata Fides.

sovereigii, who is under the most essen.

tial obligations to Great Britain. With The Chevalier de Medici succeeded the before-thentioned pretexs, however, the Chevalier Seratti in office. The not only all the original manuscripts, Monday before our flight from Naples, which would be injured, it was said,'hy in February, 1806, I was again directed, removal, but even the engraved fac simile upon my application to his majesty's copies of some books of Epicurus, onminister, who had not yet received his folded during my superintendency, (and instructions, to go to the new secretary surely these could not be injured by reof state. The Chevalier, who was not moval) were abandoned to the common then, it should seem, in the secret, de evemy. Besides, this pretext enabled sired I would, in his name, order Pirro two different parties to secure the alaina Paderni, who bad succeeded La Vega, as inent of their wishes, directed as they kteper of the Royal Museum, immedin were, upon different motives, to the ately to prepare all the “ Papiri" for re- same end. The one branch consisted in moval. This I did about noon that very those men, who would not follow the day. Pirro Paderni expressed much court to Sicily. These men must have alacrity in his apparent readiness to ex- been eager to retain at Naples all the ecute this order; but he told me, that he royal property, which would gratily, their would go that very afternoon to the secre- new inasters, and secure for themselves,

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to any degree, means of indulgence orginal manuscripts, and of some of the
protection. The other branch consisted most valuable engraved fac simile copies,
of those who had been employed about to bave been also as successtully guilty
these manuscripts; Rosini, Peter la Vega, with regard, to all those fac simile copies.
the unfolders, and the copyists, wished The auspicious return of the Right
to retain, as, in fact, they retain, the Honourable Sir William Drumınoud, his
sarne employment under the French. majesty's minister at that court, this
Both these branches of the same party, second time the successor, as the first
protected by the queen, obtained, through time the predecessor, of Hugh Elliot,
Seratti, the king's order for not removing esq. defeated all the intentions of the
these manuscripts, nor those engraved Chevalier Seraui. The Chevalier de
fac simile' copies. To these motives Medici, the successor of the Chevalier
inust be added another, if I may call Seratti, complied at once with the de-
indifference a motive, for relinquishing mands of Sir William Drummond, and
these manuscripts. This indifference of consigned to him, by order of the king,
inen in the two Sicilies, with regard to all the fac simile copies, which are now
literature in general, and therefore with at Oxford. Of these, the Treatise upon
regard to these manuscripts, is remark. Death, and the Frayment of the Latin
able. For instance, a Marquis Berio, Poem, together with the Greek and La-
with whom I was well acquainted, bad tin alphabets, were immediately en.
one of the best libraries in the world: graved under my superintendency as
he possessed the reputation of learning, Palermo.
and of the encouragement of the learned.
This eininent letterato, in the frequent,

visits he made me at Portici, would al- Hietan

Historical and Topographical Description ways come to my own house, to the museum never. A man of that country, OF C H ELSE A now high in office at Palermo, asked me,

AND ITS ENVIRONS; whether the text of those famosi papiri

interspersed with Biographical Anecdotse were not Arabic.

More than two hundred « Papiri" had of Illustrious anil Eminent Persons who heen opened wholly, or in part, during

have resided in Chelsen during the three my stay at Naples. The experience of precum centuries., every day liad added infinite facility and BY THOMAS FAULKNER, of Chelsea. skill, with accurate and secure, but rapid, dexterity, io each unfolder and copyist.

Mr. Faulkner has inade the best use of Hence, with these increasing advantages, a good subject. The vicmity of Chelsea every one of the remaining fitteen liune to the meliopolis, and its pleasant site. dred, or as many of thein as could be on the banks of the Thames, have for opened, would be opened, and copied, many ages made it the retreat of statesit was reasonably and universally cal. men and of persons engaged in the active culated, within the space of six years at scenes of life; hence its history involves the most. The enemy can, therefore, in personal anecdotes of those whose meaddition to the original manuscripts mory is the most dear to the recollec. theinselves, enjoy the advantage of this tions of Englishnien. Our limits do not inproved skill in the persons," whom I allow us to do that justice to Mr. Faulke employed about thein,

ner's work which it deserves, but most of At Palermo it was in vain that I ap. our readers will be amused by the follow. plied to the Chevalier Seratti to obtain ing passages, and for others of equal permission to have for my use, and with curiosity we refer them to the work itseif. a view to publication, a single manu- For our parts we wish every considerable script, that is, a single fuc simile copy, parish round London had an historian of all the fac simile copies which were of the taste and industry of this writer. brought from Naples, although they had

CHELSEA BUNS. been unfolded and copied under my The manufacture of Chelsea buns direction, and although they had all been should not be oiuatted, having been so corrected, and many of them had been long in esteem, and carried on upon the interpreted and translated by myself. same spot, for more than a century: and This minister of state wished, as he had they have likewise been honored by the with the most corrupt and most inde. notice of Swift near a hundred years ago : corous misconduct, contributed to de- “ Pray, are not the fine buns sold bere prive your royal highness of all the orie in our town; has it Rr-r-r-r-r-s-rare


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1692. Paid the

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Chelsea buns? I bought one today in
my walk; it was stale, and I did not like 1681. For returning of noncon-
it as the man said." &c.


1683. Paid to certain Gretim

' 5'
£ s. d. 1688. Paid the Pariter for a prayer
1594. Recd more of women than

book for the Prince of they got in hockylige 33 0 , Wales . . . 1597. To the Lo. Almoners Offi.


Paid the Pariter for a book cers for not ringinge at

for the Prince's coming

010 the Q. remove from

1689. Paid the ringers when the Kensington to Rich

queen landed at Chelsea 06 O mant . . . 4 0 1690. Paid the ringers when the 1606. Of the good wyves their

king landed from Ire. hockyng money . 53 0 1607. April 13, Of the women

: 0 10 0

1692. Paid the fingers at the that went a hockyng

king's return from Hol1611. Recd of Robert Munden

land . . , O 10 0 tbat the men dyd gett by

1692. Paid the ringers for a vichocking : : :

tory at sea 1 : 1639. Given the ringers at his

1695. Duchess of Mazarine, a. majesties coming to the

defaulter to the parisha Duchesses house .

rates : 1665. Payed the ringers, when


Paid the ringers when Na
his majestie dined at the

mur was surrendered
Spanish ambassador's 0 10 0 1699. Pay'd the ringers that day
Payed the ringers, at the
overthrow of the Dutch 070 Ap. 11. the king went twice

over the ferry
Paved to a poor scoller

: 0 0 6 1702. For ringing at Prince Eu.
Paid for the burialls of
three Spaniards . 3 0 0 Ap. 11. gene's victory over the


0 6 8 Paid for the buriall of the

1705. Paid the singers for a vic Dutch captives at seve

July 15. tory gained by the sall tymes. . .

Duke of Marlborough 0 10 1666. Given to 5 powre women

1706. June 27. Paid the rinthat lost by the fire

gers for the taking of Paid the ringers after the

Madrid . . O 10 fire .. :

O 5 0 1708. Paid the ringers for the
Paid for a horfire and ring.

taking of Lislei : 10 ing after the fight

1709. Paid the singers for the 1667. Spent upon measuring the Pest House

taking of the citadel of .

0 50 .

0 10 Oct. 12.Payd James Gould for

the Pest House in full 1 10 o 1710. Paid the ringers for the Dec. 28. Given to the ringers when

Aug. 26. second battle in Spain
s near Saragossa

0 10 the king came through

1711. Collected for the protes. the town 1669.70. The sum of 5801, 12s.

April 9. tants of Orange 32 5 5

whereof 10 15 5 was
10d. was collected by
voluntary contributions

collected by Mr. Hare,
of the principal inhabi.

among the gentlemen tants, for the rebuilding

of the Royal Hospital 32 5 5

1715. Paid the ringers, and for the church , 580 12 10

Jan. 13. hoisting the flag for the 1670. Received by a brief for the

landing of King George 0 10. redemption of poor cape tives

1716. Paid the ringers when the .

19.1 . .

Princess visited the 1674. Paid to Charles Munden

Dutchess of Monmouth
for ye ringers when ye

1717. Paid the ringers for the
king came to the Earl of
Lindseys .

and princess
10 June 19. prince

: 1676. Paid the ringers when his

coming up by water O 10 6 majestie came to town 0 7 0

17. Paid the singers wbea

1. 1678. Paid for putting up the

the prince and princeps

O 10 king's

lay before the town

O arms in the church • • 040


o 90


0 10

ORIGIN OF CHELSEA HOSPITAL. cayed soldiers, and that pleasant retreat There is a tradition that this institution they find at Chelsea. Dwęs its rise to the benevolent exertions We know not if any just degree of of Nell Gwyn: the celebrated mistress credit can be given to the work just of Charles II. A paragraph in a new 3. cited, and it must still, therefore, remain paper of the day, seems to give some à doubtful point to whose kind exertions little strength to the supposition; and a' our brave veterans owe their present public-house still exists, at no great dis- comfortable asylum. It is, however, tance from the hospital, having her por. well known, that Sir Stephen Fox was trait for its sign, and an inscription, as one of its most liberal and zealous bene. cribing to her the merit of the founda- factors; he, with a most princely spirit of tion.

generosity, which deserves to be recorded The anonymous author of the Life of on worthier and more lasting pages thaa Eleanor Gwyn states, that it was at her these, contributed above thirteen thous instigation that this noble charity was sand pounds towards defraying the exestablished. , als i n

pences of the fabric. w We will give the writer's own words: The edifice, as was before oliserved, “Another act of generosity, which raised was begun in the year 1082, but not the character of this lady above every completed till 1690. The whole expense other courtezan of these or any other of the building is computed to have times, was her solicitude to effect the amounted to 150.000l, and the three fola institution of Chelsea hospital. One lowing personages were appointed by day, when she was rolling about town in patent, March 3, 1691, commissioners Her coach, a poor mav came to the for the conduct of Chelsea Hospital: coach-door, soliciting charity, who told Richard, Earl of Ranelagh, Paymaster-general. her a story, whether true or false is im- Sir Stephen Fox, Knt. Lord Commissioner of inaterial, of his having been wounded in

the Treasury.". the civil wars, in defence of the royal Sir Christopher Wren, Surveycr-general of cause. This circumstance greatly af

the Works, fected the benevolent heart of Miss

PRESENT STATE... Gwyn; she considered that, besides the "The affairs of the Hospital are managed hardships of their being exposed to bege humour

s by commissioners appointed by patent gary by wounds received in defence of their country, that it seemed to be the

under the great seal. They are, most' nonstrous ingratitude in the go

The Lord President of the Council, vertiment to suffer tiose to berish who The First Lord of the Treasury, stood up in their defence, and soreened

The Secretaries of State, them from the most hazardous attempts

The Paymaster-general of the Forces,

The Secretary at War, at patriotism.

The Comptrollers of Army Accounts, is Warm with these reflections, and

The Governor, and the overflow of pity, she hurried to the The Lieutenant-governor of the Royal Hos, king, and represented the misery in pital which she had found an old servant ; in- . Of these, the latter five only act, and treated that she might suffer some scheme hold boards occasionally for the admisto be proposed to him towards support. sion of pensioners, and the internal re. ing those unfortunate sons of valour, gulation of the hospital. . whose old age, wounds, or infirunities, The establishment of the hospital con. rendered them unfit for service; so that, sists of a governor, a lieutenant-governor, they might not close their days with rec a major, an adjutant and assistant-adjupining against fortune, and be oppressed tant, a treasurer, a secretary, two chapwith the misery of want.

lains, a physician, a surgeon, and an « This observation she communicated apothecary, 'a comptroller, a steward, a to personages of distinction, who were clerk of works, with other warrant officers. public-spirited enough to encourage it; There are four hundred and seventyand to Nell Gwyn is now owing the com- six in pensioners, divided into the fola fortable provision which is made for de- lowing classes : • We hear that Madam Ellen Gwyn's

Twenty-six cuptains, one of whom acts as
Mother, sitting lately by the water side, at

serjeant-in ajor.
her hoose by the neat houses near Chelsey,
feil accidentally into the water, and was

Memoirs of the Life of Eleanor Gwyn,
drowned.--Doméstic Intellig. Aug. 5, 1679, page 42. London, 1752.
MONTHLY Mae, No. 215.

4 R


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Thirty-two serjeants,

The number of out-pensioners et Thirty-two corporals, and

it ... Christmas, 1809, was twenty-thres Sixteen drummers,

thousand and titty, who are paid'at die Three hundred and thirty-six privates, and

ferent rates, according to their length Thirty-four light-hiorsemen.

of service, or their disability, from fiveThese are daily allowed the following pence to three shillings and sixpence per provisions each man :

day, agreenble to an Act of Parlianent One pound of meat,

which took place ai Christmas, 1800. One loaf of bread of twelve ounces,

'The expense of the Hospital and out. One quarter of a pound of cheese, and

pensioners is defrayed by an anndal Two quarts of beer.

grant from Parliainent, voted with the On Wednesdave and Fridavs. instead army estimates. It now amounts to

about 440,000l. per year. of meat, they have

CESAR'S FORD, One pind of pease-soup,

In concluding the account of Chelses Half a pound of cheese, and

Hospital, we cannot forbear making an Two ounces of butter.

extract from Maitland's History of Lone On Sundays and Tuesdays, mutton. don, respecting the passage of Julius Beef the other three days.

Cæsar over the Thames, which that They are all annually cloathed in a uni. author, from his own observatioa and form of scarlet faced with blue.

inquiries, supposes to have taken place They are lodged in sixteen wards, to near this site. each of which two serjeants and two cor. The Britons having been defeated in porals are appointed, with a wnatron, or the reign of Claudius by the Ropa nurse under the immediate inspection Prætor, were obliged to take refoge ia of the housekeeper, to take care of the their bogs and marshes on the banks linen and beading, and to assist in clean of the Thames; but being closely pure ing each ward.

sued by thie Romans, they forded ibai Fires are kept in every ward, and the river, and the Romans were unable ta men have every attendance that can ren- follow them, until after the arrival oi der them comfortable.

the Emperor Claudius, when he, wità In addition to their provision, clothing, his arıny also passed the river, and cour&c. the in-pensioners are allowed weekly pletely routed them.' pay in the following proportions :

“ This consideration," Maitland sety,

“ occasioned my attempting to God out Captains:

• 3 6

the largest marshes on the south suda Serjeants

is . 2 O of the Thames, where there was any Corporals and drummers, cach . O 10. probability of a ford, when I discovere Privater

- 0 8 ed that the greatest marsbes on tbai Light-horse in ; - 2 0 side before the imbanking of the said The are generally serjeants Woolwich; wherefore I endeavoured, by

river, reached from Wandsworth ta of cavalry, and selected for their services or good behaviour while in the hospital.tides, from

sounding the said river, at several neap

the first of these places to The captains, serjeants, and corporals,

London Bridge, to discover a are also appointed from the most de.


which, to my no small satisfaction, I serving and orderly inen.

did on the 18th of September, 2015 The hospital being considered as a mili

1732, about ninety feet west of the tnry station, regular garrison duly is per

south-west angle of Chelsea College formed by the pensioners.

garden, where, in a right line frog Divine service is performed regularly

egularly north-east to south-west, I found be on Sundays, with prayers on Wednesday's dees

deepest part of the chanpel to be only · and Fridays; and every ward is provided

fuur feet seven inches deep, and the with Bibles, Prayer-books, and other

day before, it blowing hard from religious and instructive books.

the The anniversaries of the Restoration

west, my waterpian assured me tha:

the water, tben, was above a foot los. of Charles II., (May 29,) and the King's

er; and at such tides, before the course birth-day, (June 4,) are kept as festivals of

of the river was obstructed, ether bi in the Hospital. The governor and of:

banks or bridges, it must bave bees - cers dine together, and the pensioners fire three vollies, and trave a doublu ale

considerably shallower; and, consider duwance of provision and beer.

• Diga. Cass. Hist, Rom, Lib. po...,

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