« ZurückWeiter »
gas collected from coal, or other mate the refuse coke and coal, to burn in those rials, of which we have heard so much of cylinders, surrounded by the raw fuel ; late years. The gas-light apparatus con- hence the fire and beat generated in the sists of two principal parts: the one serves centre, expand in all directions, but to carbonize coals, and extract the smoke chiefly side-ways and upwards, and a by heat, and the other to cool, decom- much greater quantity of caloric is thus pose, and refine, smoke. Both vessels generated by means of a good draft, and must be made air-tight, to obtain a per- is so distributed as to cause a speedier fect analysis of coal, or other fuel and and more perfect carbonization. By this combustibles. In comparing his own in- mode, the tires never come in contact vention with other apparatus now in use, with the fuel to be cooked and decompoMr. Windsor says, bis is entirely sed, and one-third of a bushel of refuse new in its construction and application, coke may generate sufficient caloric in for it operates diametrically contrary to carbonize a whole basbel of coal; so as all known chemical ayparatus hitherto in to produce a bushel and half of good coke ose. Speaking of these, he observes, that again from five to six pounds of oil-tar ; they are on a principle of an enlarged from seven to eight pounds of strong charcoal furnace, connected with gasome- ammoniacal liquor; and from two hundred ters; the ovens contain iron retorts, full and twenty to two hundred and fifty of wood or coal in the centre. A fire of cubic feet of pure gas. The cylinraw coal is made to play around them, ders or cones, containing the fires, may by which contrivance half the heat is be so constructed as to give a horizontal, necessarily lost in the brick-work, from perpendicular, oblique, or reverberating the natural expansion and rarefaction of direction to the fire, in its passage through caloric always flying from the centre; the raw fuel or other combustibles, to whereas his own fires and Gues are al. be analysed : the heat or flame may be ways contrived in the midst of the raw fuelled upwards or downwards, and in all to be carbonized. Their gasometers con. possible directions, through the fuel, for tain large reservoirs, where the gas is suf- the longer the fire-draft is detained in its
fered to accumulate to one thousand feet passage, and the greater the circuit it · in bulk, which, besides the danger aris- makes through the fuel, the sooner and
ing from the accumulation, prevents it the better will be the process of carbofrom being thoroughly decomposed and nization, as well as the quality of pro. refined in such masses, whereas, in Mr. ducts precipitated in the condensors. Windsor's, condensors, the gas is infi. The gas collected is made to pass through pitely subdivided into small particles, lime-water, or cream of lime, and which that all its tar, oil, bitumen, and animo. Attracts the offensive particles from it, piacal liquor, must be extracted and and renders it pure, and fit for use. precipitaterl, before the gas is used in Such is a rough outline of Mr. Windsor's combustion).
flew method; and he observes, that the According to Mr. Windsor's plan, principle of placing a fire in the centre, boute or chainber-stoves may be con- may be applied to heat, or boil, distil, or structed of iron or other metal, of evaporate water or other fluids, in wooden earthen or stone-ware, made fire-proof, casks, much sooner than can be done in of pipe-clay, or any other fire-proof com- the common mode of applying the heat position. Their form in general, is that under and around kettles, coppers, pots, of German drafi-stoves, though they may &c. And it may be used in airing, drying, ve made of any other shape: and the baking, stewiny, &c. Also in warming cylinder, which separates the fire from rooms and houses, by conducting a firethe coal inside, may be likewise made of proof tube through the middle of ihe fire, any shape, provided its bulk does not which tube is to be supplied with fresh occupy inore than from one-third to a air from the outside through a wall or kalf of the area within the stove, so that otherwise. By this means a great quall. the heat may be more equally distributed vily of fresh air may be speedily rarefied ainong the surrounding coal or fuel. He and heated, and be conducted by other places his fires in the centre of the ves- tubes to any part whicre it is required. sels charged with raw fuel, and einploys
REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.
The Singer's Preceptor, or Corri's Treatise on too much attended to; and the res
l'ecal Music. In Two l'elumnes, cacb. 158. marks on the various graces, and the THIS treatise, Mr. Corri tells us in readiest mode of acquiring them, every
1 bis title-page, is “ the result of reflecting student will know how to apr forty years' experience." Alter a sedu- preciate. loos investigation of its contents, we The “ portamento di voce-intonafind much to sanction the assertion, tions; tempo rubato-quickening and and little that does not reflect ample retarding the time ;-and the bints to credit on the author's professional assi. parents;" are all highly worthy of atduity, practical remark, and cultivated tention, and evince considerable depth, taste.
and an acute justness, of thinking. The first volumé treats of the nature, The numerous rules are laid down in a origin, and progress, of Vocal Music, judicious and luminous order, and the succeeded by observations on the obe practical examples, and progressive ex. stacles to the perfect attainment of the ercises, are well selected. Viewing the art of singing. The second cousists of work en masse, we certainly feel ousá collection of English, Scotch, and Ita- selves in no danger of being contradicted liası songs, duetts, and trios; embellished by the candid and judicious, when we with graces and cadenzas, exemplifying pronounce Mr. Corri's vocal treatise, the the antecedent rules.
best that has bitherto appeared in tinis To enter into all the minutiæ of this country. elaborate treatise, would carry us be yond the bounds we usually prescribe
A grond Sorala for the Piano-forte, with a
Accompaniment for the to ourselves in this department of our
Composed and dedicated to G. Sinclair, esq. by miscellany; but the most prominent 1. Jay, Mus, Dje. Oxon. 5s. features of the work will not escape our sotice,
This Sonata is comprised in three Mr. Corri, after presenting the public movements: the first is an adugio, in with memoirs of his professional life, common tine of four crotchets; the sein which we cannot profess to find in cond an allegro, in common time of two cidents so highly interesting as to coun- crotchets; and the third a rondo, in tria tenance its introduction in a publication ple time of three quavers. Mr. Jay's with which it has no necessary connec- compositions have often afforded us tion (since a professor's didactic lucubra- pleasure in their perusal; but we have tions, and the incidental progress of his never, perhaps, bad so much reason to be practice, are two' distinct objects, pro- pleased as in the present instance. An ceeds to be purpose of his treatise, in a obvious improvement in style and manner dialogue between a master and his pu. pervades the work before us; the pase. pil. We here find, amidst a conside sages are well conceived, and closely rable number of remarks, many that connected, and the accompaniment is are highly useful, and some that, conducted with much real mastery. I We believe, have never before been laid
Three favourite Parisian Airs for the Piano-forte, before the public. The observations
witb Variations and Imitations. By 1. L respecting the susceptibilities of voices Dussek, esq. 75. 6d. of the triost corninon natural powers, are as just as encouraging. What is
The first of these admirable pieces is
l'Air de Trombour, with eight variations ; said concerning a good quality of tone,
the second l'Air del Dotica, with seren its superiority over a mere volume of sound, and the means of attaining that
variations; and the third Amusez tous quality, as well as what is observed re.
Belles, arrungor aroc tariations et imituGorcung the importance of the crescente tions. These airs M themselves are and diminuendo, are truly valuable.
hughly attractive; but the great merit The stress laid on the necessity of at
of the work lies in Mr. Dussek's tiorid tending not only to the sense but the
and masterly suppledients. His varie Very formations of the words of a song,
ations and imitations are every way Suecially their terininutions, cannot be worthy his well-known eminence as a
piano-forte, and will be highly acceptable consequently, taken in the aggregate, in to advanced practitioners.
much above mediocrity... " The Waygbies ;'' an old English Melody,'arrano The favourite Air of " Ab vous di rai Maman,"
i as 2 Rondo for tbe Piano-forte, by H. witb Twelve Variations for tbe Harp. CumWv. Dean. 35.
posed and dedicated to Miss Satis, by Count de
Pierre de Newbourgi 28.6d. With the introductory movement to
The variations the Count St. Pierre this Rondo we cannot profess ourselves
has superadded to this popular air; to be pleased, because we cannut pretend to understand how the author would though not of the first description of
excellence, are far above mediocrity, Have us pleased, or feel convinced that
and do much credit to his taste and fanhe himself understands himself; or, to
cy. They evince a thorough knowledge speak in common language, knows cy: what he would be at: affected evolue of the instrument for which they are tions of harmony always have this effect
ays have this effect written; and are progressive and ime on our ear. The Rondo itself is plea proving. sing in its subject, and judicious in its “He Loves and rides away;" a favourite Ballad, digressions, and will not fail to please sung by Mrs. Listen, at the Tbeatie•rojal the generality of its bearers.
Corent-garden. Composed and arranged with
an Accompaniment for tbe Piano-foric, by C. E. Evening Sociable Recreations, ( No. 1.) being Horn. is. a collection of New Country Dances, Quadrilles,
This ballad Walizes, and Polonoises, erpressly composed
is obviously meant as a For the Piano-forle. By Dussek, Jadin, and trifle; and a trifle it is, in every sense of Charsentier, wilb new Figures by. Coulon, the word. Neither the words, the meBroncbu, and La Haye, Baliet Master in lody, nor the accompaniment, can boast Paris. 28. 6d.
of any feature of excellence, and scarceThis work, the Numbers of which are ly in their own confined limits, reach to appear monthly, makes a promising mediocrity. beginning. The present pages are occui « Aurora ;” a Rondo for the Piano-for!e. Conpied by matter at once pleasing and
posed and dedicated to Countess d'Olnene, by improving; and the publication, we M. Holst. 25.6d. doubt not, will form a useful collection
This Rondo njay he ranked with the of exercises for the juvenile practic
best productions of its kind of the pre
sent day. The introductory movement Dinimo delle Dame Filarmoniche, (No. IV.) is simple and concise, and the rondo is a Divertimento for the Harp, uiib a Violin not only agreeable in its subject, Lut is Accompaniment, (ad libitum.), Composed by treated throughout with fancy and judy. Madame Soeda La Rui. 35. 6d.
ment, and bespeaks high qualifications · The present Number of this work for this species of composition. (the IVth) keeps pace with the former
« Bonny Doon;" a Bellad. Composed and dee
aan three, in the points of taste, fancy, and d icated to Miss Dance, by T. Haigb. Is. 62. harmonious construction, and has undeniable claims to our commendations. “Bonny Doon," the words of which We are glad to find that the public en- are from Burns, is set with considerable couragement of this pleasing and useful taste and feeling. The air is easy and undertaking, is such as to induce its natural, and the expression just and continuance.
« The Spectre Knieb!;"'a Glee for Tbrce Vaices. “Will, bapless Tears;" a favourite Song, sung
Composed and dedicated to the Hon. Miss Eden, by Mr. Incledon, Composed by 1. Mazzingur, by W. Howes,
esq. 25. 6d. The combinations and general con- “Will, hapless Tears," is a ballad of struction of this Glee, bespeak much of considerable merit. The melody is as the real master; while the flow and easy pleasing as simple and appropriate, and minglings of the parts, evince much nae forms an affecting comment on the sene tural taste and ingenuity. The effect, ciment of the words.
NONTHLY MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, Communications of Articles of Intelligence, &c. are
requested under COVER to the Care of the Publisher.
Description of the Collection of Ancient tribute to enhance the value of the book, Terra Cottas in the British Museum ; as they are among his latest and best with Engravings. London, printed by works. W. Bulmer and Co. Cleveland-Rou. Of a different class are 26, 27, 28, and Published, June 1810, by the Trustees of 29, by Skelton, particularly the first two; the British Museum.
they are hard, coarse, and unreadingly We present publication may justly black. The Victory sacrificing á Bull 1 be considered as one of peculiar (No. 26) need only be compared with consequence, inasmuch as it is a kind of one from the same subject (No. 24) by earnest of something which the govern- Anker Smith, to prove the fact. The coment intends to do, towards advancing lour and style of the two drawings were the important study of the fine arts, and doubtlessly alike. Some of the statues classical archaiology. To the vast col- by Skelton deserve praise : the enlarged lection of subjects on natural history, subject appear to suit tbe vigorous coarse mineralogy, and curiosities of nature and ness of his stroke, better than the smaller art, which were in the British Museum, ones. The rest of the engravers are Co. the pation has added a department of Heath, Fittler, Bromley, G. Cooke, Car. antiquities, selected from the collections don, and Worthington, and display mucha of Sir William Hamilton and Charles care and ability, Towneley, Esq. ; some presents from his In a national work of this kind, the Majesty; and a few from some noblemen Editor ought to bave gone deeper, and and gentlemen.
more fully, into Archaiology than he has The volume now under consideration in this, although what he has done. is is a graphic and literary illustration, de well done. It is not sufficient that the scription, or catalogue of the first room rich man has bis Monfaucon and Caylus, of the department of antiquities, which his D'Harcanville and Gemme Antiche, is entirely devoted to the terra cottas, to refer to, to assist this catalogue : they and is to be considered as authority, in should have been quoted bere. A few coming from, and being published by, sheets more would not have added much the trustees of the Museum. The gentle to the expence; and had he been less men selected for this purpose by the sparing in his quotations, the volume trustees, are Taylor Coombe, Esq. edi. would have been more valuable, and tor, William Alexander, Esq. draughts- have saved the reader (even if he had man, and various engravers.
them) the trouble of perpetual recurrence The first two plates give elevations of to Winckellman, D'Harcanville, Musée the north and south sides of the first Napoleon, Monfauçon, Caylus, and other room, and shew the exact situation of expensive and voluminous works. This each subject, similar to the well-known would have made it not only a good debeautiful work on the Dusseldorff gallery scriptive catalogne, but a compendium of of paintings; and the succeeding ones, archaiology at once autboritative and the separate subjects on a larger scale. useful. The whole of these subjects are drawn A writer in this Magazine, under the by Mr, Alexander, in a style of fidelity title of the Dilletanti Tourist, which has and taste that will reflect additional ho- been lately discontinued, has given a de. pour to his already acquired fame as an scription of these terra cottas, and many artist. This is no vague praise, but is the of the statues, that will probably be the result of a long and accurate comparison subject of future volumes like the present. and acquaintance with the originals. The He has given very satisfactory, though engravings have various degrees of merit: short remarks, on basso rilievos and one particularly (No. 21, pl. 13) by L, terra cottas. Schiavoretti, is in a superior style of ex- Mr. Combe uses the words bas relief, cellence both of drawing and execution. although he is classical enough to spell Few engravers drew with such precision Aeschylus without the dipthong. If we and excellence as this lamented man. In bave no word in the English language his earliest studies he arrived at such per- sufficiently expressive or naturalized, for fection in drawing, as to obtain the sil. low or flat relief, why not borrow the ver medal, for distinguished merit, in primitive words basso rilievo from the drawing after the antique, from the Italian: which is not only more euphoRoyal Academy. There are two or three nous but more honest, than to beg it other prints from bis graver, which con- through the medium of the French lanMONTHLY MAG, No. 909.
guage; which is comparatively harsh, he has so long, from his infirmities, been barbarous, and dissonant. It is, in fact, obliged to see his friends. A review of as generally pronounced bas with the their merits will come more properly French accent, and relief with the English, when engraved, but their great excel. at the best a hybrid word oll'ensive to the lence will ensure them commendation. correct ear.
The size of the prints will be 26 inches The work is a very useful and elegant by 18; and the price for the first fifty illustration of our splendid museum of an proofs three guineas eachi, second fifty, tiquities, and makes a continuation of two guineas, and the subsequent impresthe marbles, from the same source, desi- sions one guinca. rable. And when peace shall unhar the Since our last, we have to announce gates that close the civilized world, this the death of Sir Francis Bourgeois, R. A. work will be received in the world of art, a landscape and historial painter of conall over Europe, as an earnest of British siderable talent. He was a pupil of De talent and wealth in valuable antiqui Loutherbourg, and imitated many of the
faults and beauties of his master. Ile To the learned editor, to the different was knighted by the late Noel Desanfans, artists, and to the trustees, the greatest Esq. consul-general to the late king of praise is due, for the exeellence, ele- Poland. He has left a numerous and gance, and liberal price at which the excellent collection of pictures to the sowork is given to the world; it will serve ciety of Dulwich College. to extend the knowledge and ulility of Early this month will be unblished the the collection, wherever a love of the third number of the “ Fine Arts of the arts, and consequently civilization, has English School," which contains a porhumanized the globe.
trait of the Marquis of Granby, engraved
by W. Bond, from a portrait of Sir An engraved Portrait of William Shake
Joshua Reynolds, accompanied by a mespeare, at the Age of Thirty-three, from
moir. Titania, l'uck, and the Change. an Original lately discovered.
Jing, engraved by Scriven from a fine picAn authentic portrait of our great dra- ture by Romney, in the possession of Sir matic bard would certainly be a valuable John Leicester; a groupe in sculpture discovery: as, of all the great men who by Tlaxmanand a perspective external have so lately left this mortal state, Shak- view of the church of St. Paul, London, speare's similitude is one of the most engraved by J. Le Keux from a drawing doubtful. To give a value to this pre- by James Elmes, architect, tended original, some account should On the Ist was published, the 23d part have been given of its discovery, and the of the Architectural Antiquities, by John reasons for asserting it to be that of Shake- Britton, F. A. S. containing views and speare. It is at present but doubtful au- details of that beautiful and singular spethority.
cimen of architecture Rosslyn Chapel, The Antiquarian and Topographical Cubic
from drawings by Mr. Elines, after
sketches by Joseph Grandy, A. R. A. net. Vol. 111.
In the course of a few weeks will be This little work still continues on the
published, by T. Clay, Ludgate Hill, Bame scale of comparative excellence as
** A Scries of Progressive Lessons, informerly. The powers of the artists are tended to elucidate the Art of Painting better adapted to these trifles than larger
in Water Colours; price One Guinea or more consequential works.
half-bound, containing thirty-two pages INTELLIGENCE.
of letter-press, and professes to contain Proposals have been issued for pub- the plainest instructions in landscape lishing by subscription whole-length pore drawing; treating progressively upon traits of Sir Francis Burdett and John sketching, perspective, shading, tinting, Horne 'Tooke, Esq. to be engraved in &c. which, if well executed, will be a miezzotinto by J. Ward, A. R. A. from a very useful work. Its merits will be picture by J. R. Smith, whose excellent investigated as soon as published. Mr." manner of painting sinall wicole-lengths Clay has also anno iced four small sub. in crayons, have long added to his foriner jects in landscape, by Laporte. reputation as one of the first mezzotinto Illustrations of Mr. Campbell's poem engravers in Europe. The dependance of Gertrude of Wyoming, are in prepara. of this stvle of engraving on printing has tion, from the peucil or Mr. Cooke induced the publisher (Mr. Sinitb) to . The British Institution has rescinded uledse himself that no bad impression its law, of not receiving pictures that shall be delivered, as he will himself have been exhibited at the Royal Acasuperintend the printing, and keep the demy, and are preparing for their annual plates is perfect repair. The portrait of exhibition, which will open the latter Torre Touke is represented, as reclining end of February or beginning of April. I the couch, and in the dress in which Amoug the principal pictures sent for ex.