Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

morning of the 10th, he made a sortie against I have, however, the satisfaction to inform the battery constructing, with about 1200 your lordship that the enemy cannot boas of men, being within 500 yards of the place. having got a particle of our stores; they He soon reached the battery, and, it having were all safely lodged in Elvas, and, with the of the covering party allotted to it, only one exception of brigadier-general Kemmis's Jiglic infantry company in it, the enemy got brigade, which was on the north side of the possessiun of it, but had it not for two mi. Guadiana, our troops were all united on the putes, as the whole of the covering party that morning of the 16 h, to meet the attack and was close to the battery on the slope of the oppose the march of Marshal Soult. hill, immediately seized their arms, and drove the enemy back with considerable loss to him, My LorD, Albuera, M.318, 1811. but I regret to say ours on this occasion must I have infinite satisfaction in communicahave been considerably greater, from our ting to you: lordship, that the allied armiy troops having exposed themselves to the shot United here under my orders, obtained on the and shell of the tuwo and Fort of Saint Cris. 16th instant, after a most sanguinary contest, toval, and the musquetry from this latter. a complete victory over that of the enemy,

On the 19th I received information from commanded by Marshal Soult; and I shell General Blake, that Marshal Soult had left proceed to relate to your lordship the circumSeville on the 10th, and with the avowed in stances. tention of coming to Badajoz, his force stated to. In a former report I have informed your de 15000 men; and General Latour Maubourg Tardship of the advance of Marshal Sonit from had already again moved upon and occupied Seville, and I had in consequence junged it Guadalcaval and Llerena, from which places wise, entirely to raise the siege of Badajoz, the Count de Penne Villamor had been obliged and prepare to meet him with our united to retire. As General Blake had come down forces, rather than by looking to two objects to Frejenal, and General Ballasteros from at once, to risk the loss of both, Marstal Monasterio had pushed his advances within a Soult, it appears, had been long straining league of Seville, I could not judge if this every nerve to collect a force which he audvance of Marshal Soult was merely to oblige thought fully sufficieot to his object for the these generals to retire, and leave him un relief of Badajoz, and for this purpose he had disturbed in Seville, or really as it was given drawn considerable numbers from the corps of out to be, against me, and with the object Marshal Victor and General Sebastiani, and of raising the siege of Badajoz, and theretore also I believe from the French army of the continued my operations against the place, centre. Having thus completed his prepauntil the further advance of Souit shonld rations, he marched from Seville on the 10th more clearly determine this point ; but in the instalit, wilh a corps then estimated at 15 ur middle of the night I received information 16,000 men, and was joined on descending from General Blake and other quarters, of the into Estremadura by the corps under General rapid advance of Marslial Soult, and which · Latour Maubourg, stated to be 5,000 wen. lett no doubt as to his intentions. I imme. His excellency General Blake, as soon as be diately sent lo suspend operations against Ba- learnt the advance of Marshal Soult, in strict dajoz, and to commence to remove to Eivas conformity to the plan proposed by your lord. our guns and stores, which unfortunately had ship, proceeded to form hi: junction with the been nearly completed to what would have corps under my orders, and arrived at Valbeen wanted for the siege

verde in person on the 14th instant, where, By great exertions of Lieutenant-colonel having consulted with his excellency and Ge. Fletcher of the royal engineers, and Major neral Castanos, it was determined to meet Dixon of the artillery, every thing was re- the enemy and give him battle. moved on the evening of the 15th. To licu. On finding the determinacion of the enemy tenant general Leite's (the governor of the to relieve Badajoz, 1 had broken up from before Province of Alemlejo) zeal and unwearied that place, and marched the intantry to the activity in whatever regards the service and position in front of Valverde, except the die welfare of his country, it is but just to say vision of the Hon. Major-general G. L. Cols, we are on all occasions much indebted; and which, with 2,000 Spanish troops, I left to particularly on this, in the getting together cover the removal of our stores. the transports necessary to us, and in turnish- The cavalry which had, according to orders, ing and forwarding wbatever else could be failen back as the enemy advanced, was joined useful. I seize with pleasure this opportunity at Santa Ma:tha by che cavalry of General of giving to General Leité that praise which Blake; that of General Castanos under the be bas ever so fully merited.

Count de Penne Villamur, had been always I had been obliged, to cover the removal with it. of the stores, &c. to leave the division of Ma. As remaining at Valverde, though a stronger jor-general the Hon. G. L. Cole before Bada. position, left Badajoz entirely open, I deter j z Major general Cole marched from before mined to take up a position (such as could be Badajoz to join the army here at two o'clock got in this widely open country) at this place; on the morning of the 16th, and arrived thus standing directly between the enemy.

out halt an hour beture che enemy made and Badajoz. I attack.

The army was therefon assembled bere

08

on the 15th instant. The corps of General distance on the left of this, to check any ata Blake, thongh making a forced march to ef. tempt of the enemy below the village. fect it, only joined in the night, and could As the heighits the enemy had gained, not be placed in its position till the morning raked and entirely commanded our whole poof the 16th instant, when General Cole's di- sition, it became necessary to make every vision, with the Spanish brigade under Don effort to retake and maintain them; and a Carlos d'Espagne also joined, and a little be noble one was made by the division of Genes fore the commencement of the action. Our ral Stewart, headed by that gallani officeť. cavalry had been forced on the morning of Nearly at the beginning of the enemy's attack, the 15th instant to retire from Santa Martha a heavy storm of rain came on, which, with and joined here. In the afternoon of that the smoke from the firing, rendered it imday the enemy appeared in front of us. The possible to discernang thing distinctly. This, next morning our disposition for receiving the with the nature of the ground, had been exenemy was made, being formed in two lines, tremely favourable to the enemy in forming nearly parallel to the river Albuera, on the his columns, and in his subsequent attack. ridge of the gradual ascent rising from that The right brigade of General Stewart's di. river, and covering the roads to Badajoz and vision, under Lieutenant-colonel Colborné, Valverde; though your lordship is a ware that first came into action, and behaved in the the whole face of this country is every wliere most gallant manner, and finding that the passable for all arms. General Blake's corps enemy's column could not be shaken by fire, was on the right, in two lines; its left on the proceeded to attack it with the bayonet; and. Valverde Road, joined the right of Major. while in the act of charging, a body of Pó general the Hon, William Stewart's division, lish lancers (cavalry) which the thickness of the left of which reached the Badajoz Road; the atmosphere, and the nature of the ground, wbere commenced the right of Major general had concealed, (and which was, besides, mis. Hamilton's division, which closed i he left of taken by those of the brigade, when disco. the line. General Cole's division, with one vered, for Spanish civalry, and therefore not brigade of General H.milton's, formed the fired upon), turned it; and being thus at. second line of the British and Portuguese tacked unexpectedly in the rear, was unfor. army.

tunately broken and suffered immensely. The The enemy, on the morning of the 16th, S1st regiment being the left one of the bridid not long delay his attack; at eight o'clock gade, alone escaped this charge, and under he was observed to be in movement, and his the command of Major L'Estrange kept its civalry was seen passing the rivulet of Al. ground, until the arrival of the 3d brigade, buera, considerably above, our right, and under Major general Hoghton. The conduct shortly after he marched out of the wood op of this brigade was most conspicuously 'gala. posite to us, a strong force of cavalry, and two lant, and that 2d brigade, under the com. beavy columns of inspiry, poincing them to mand of the Hon. Lieutenant-colonel Aberour front, as if to attack the village and crombie, was not less so. Major-general bridge of Albuera; during this time, under Hoghton, chcering on his brigade to the cover of his vastly superior cavalry, he was charge, tell pierced by wounds. Though the fiing the principal body of his infantry over enemy's principal atruck was on this point of the river beyond our right, and it was not the right, he also made a continual attempt long before his in-ention appeared to be to upon that part of our original front at the turn us by that flank, anrl cut us off from village and bridge, which were defended in Valverde. Major-general Cole's division was the most gallant manner by Major-general therefore ordered to form an oblique line to Baron Alten, and the light infantry brigaile the rear of our right, with his own right of the German Legion, whose conduct was, thrown back. And the intension of the ene in every point of view, conspicuously good. mpy to attack our sight becoming evident, I This point now formed our ieft, and Majota sequested General Blake to form part of his general Hamilton's division had been brought first line, and all his second, to that front, up there; and he was left to direct the defence which was done.

of that point, whilst the enemy's attack conThe enemy commenced his attack at nine tinued on our sight, a considerable proporcione o'clock, not ceasing at the same time to me of the Spanish troops supporting the detende nace our left; and after a strong and gailant of this place. The enemy's cavalıy, on his resistance of the Spanish troops, he gained the infantry attempting to force our right, had heights upon which they had been formed: endeavoured to turn it; but by the able maa mean wbile the division of the Hon. Major. neuvres of Majur-general the Hon. William general William Stewart, bad been brought Lumley, commanding the allied cavalry. up to support them; and that of Major geoe. though vastly inferior to that of the enem ral Hamilton brought to the left of the Spanish in number, his endeavours were foiled, Mãe line, and formed in contiguous close columns jor general Cole, seeing the attack of the of battalions, to be novcable in any direction. enemy, very judiciously bringing up his left The Portuguese brigade of cavalry, under a little, marchied in line to attack the enemy's • Brigadier-general Orway, remained at some left, and arrived most' opportunely to con MONTHLY MAG. Nu, 214.

4 E

tribus

tribute, with the changes of the brigades of do ample justice on this bead, by making General Stewart's division, to force the enemy honourable mention of the deserving. to abandon his situation, and retire precipi. The hattle commenced at nine o'clock, and .tately, and to take refuge under his reserve, continued without interruption till two in here the fuzileer brigade particularly distio- the afternoon, when the enemy having been guished itself. He was pursued by the allies driven over the Albuera, for the remainder to a considerable distance, and as far as I of the day there was but cannouading and thought it prudent with his immense supe. skirmishing. riority of cavalry; and I contented myself It is impossible by any description to do with seeing him ariven across the Albuera. justice to the distinguislied gallantry of the . I have every reason to speak favourably of troops, but every individual most nubly did the manner in which our artillery was served, his duty; and which will be well proved by and fought ; and Major Hartman command the great loss we have suffered, though re. ing the British, and Ni jor Dickson com- pulsirg the enemy; and it was observed, that manding the Portuguese, and the officers and our dead, particularly the 37th reg ment, men, are entitled to my thanks. The four were lying, as they had fought, in ranks, and guns of the horse artillery commanded by every wound was in the front, Captain Lefebure, did great execution on the The Hon. Major general William Stewart enemy's cavalry, and one brigade of Sparish most particularly distinguished himself, and artillery, the only one in the field, I saw conduced much to the honour of the day; he equally gallantly and well served : we lost in received two contusions inat would not quit the misfortune which occurred to the brigade the field. Major-general the Hon. G. L. commanded by Lieutenant-colonel Colborne Coie is also entitied to every praise ; and I (whom General Stewart reports to bave acted, have to regret being deprived for some time of and was then acting, in a must noble manner, his services, by the wound he has receivedlo leading on the brigade in admirable order) The Hon. Lieutenant-colonel Abercrombie, one howitzer, which the enemy, before the conimanding the yd brigade, 95 divisien, and arrival of the gallant general Hogh:on's bri. Major L'Estrange, sist regimeni, deserve to gade, had time to carry off with 200 or 300 be particularly mentioned ; and nothing could prisoners of that brigade. After he had been exceed the conduct and gallantry of Colonel beaten from this, bis principal attack, he still Inglis, at the head of his regiment. · To the continued that near the village, on which Hun. Major general William Lumley, for the he never could make any impression or cross very able manner in which he opposed the the rivulet, though I had been obliged to numerous cavairy of the coemy, and foiled bring a very great proportion of the troops him in his object, I am particularly in'ented. from it, to support the principal point of at. To Major-generai Hamilton, who commanded tack; but the eneny, seeing his main attack on the left during the severe attack upon our defeated, relaxed in his attempt there also. right, I am also much indehted; and the loro The Portuguese division of Mijor general tuguese brigade of Brigadier-generals Fonseca Hamilton, in every instance evinced the ute and Archibald Compbell, deserve to be men. most steadiness and courage, and manauvred tioned. To Major-general Alten, and to the equally well with the British.

excellent brigade under his orders, I have Brigadier-general Harvey's Portuguese much praise to give ; and it is with great brigade, belonging to General Cole's division, pleasure I assure your Lordship that the good had an opportunity of distinguishing itself and gallant conduct of every corps, and of when maiching in line across the plain, by every person, w s in proportion to the oppor. repulsing, with the utmost steadiness, a charge tunity that offered for distinguishing them. of the enemy's cavalry.

selves. I know not an individual who did not It is impossible to enumerate every instance do his duty. of discipline and valour shewnon this severely. I have, í fear, to regret the loss to the seru contested day. But never were troops that vice of Colonel Collins, commanding a Por: more valiantly or more gloriously maintained tuguese brigade, his leg having been carried the honour of their respective countries. I off by a cannon shot; he is an officer of great have not been able to particularise the Spa merit. And I deeply lament the death nish divisions, brigades, or regiments, that of Major-general Hoghton; and of those ! Wo were particularly engaged, because I am not promising officers Lieutenant-colonel Sis Wile acquainted with their denominacions or names, liam Myers, and Lieutenant-colonel Duck but I have great pleasure in saying that their worth. 'behaviour was most gallant and honourable; le is most pleasing to me to inform yout

and though fron, the superior number and Lordship, vor only of the steady and gallant 'weight vi the enemy's force, that part of conduct of our allies, the Spanish troops, una them that were in the position attacked, were der his Excellency General Blake, but also to obliged to cede the ground, it was after a assure you, that the most perfect harmong hiss gallant 'resistance, and they continued in subsisced between us, and that General Blake quod order to support their allies; and I not only conformed in all things to the gene. doubt not, his excellency General Blakc will sà) line proposed by your Lordship, but in the

details, details, and in wbatever I suggested to his which Marshal Soult harrangued his troops Excellency, I received the most immediate on leaving Seville; he return, there with a and cordial assent and cu-operacion, and no. curtailed army, and, what perhaps may bestill thing was om.tted on his part to ensure the more huitful to him, with a diminished repusuccess of our united effists; and, during the tation. battle, he most essentially, by his experience, In enumerating the services received from knowledge, and zeal, contributed to its fortu. the officers of my own staff, I must particu. nate resuit.

larly call your Lordship's actention to those His Excellency the Captain-general Casta- of Brigadier general d'Urban, quarter-master nos, who hud united the troops he had in a general to the Portuguese army; and which state to be brought into the field, to those of I cannot sufficiently praise, though I can apGeneral Blake, and placed them under his or preciate. ders, assisted in person in the field; and not on all occasions I have felt the benefits only on this, but on all occasions, I am much of his talents and services, and more partiindebted to General Castanos, who is ever cularly on this, where they very essentially beturehand in giving whatever can be benefi- contributed to the success of the day : and I cial co the success of the common cause. cannot diere omit the name of Lieutenant.

Though I untortunately cannot point out colonel Hardinge, deputy quarter-mastergene. the corps of many of the individuals of the ral to the Portuguese troops, whose talents Spooish troops that distinguished themselves, and exertions deserve my thanks. To Bri yet I will not omit to mention the names of gadier-general Mozinho, adjutant-general of General Vallesteros, whose gallantry was the Portuguese army, and to Lieutenant colo. most conspicuous, as of the corps he had un- nel Rooke, assistant adjutant general to tlie der his command; and the same of Generals United British and Portuguese force, and cu Zayas and of Don Carlos D'Espagne. The Brigadier general Lemos, and to the officers of Spanish cavalry have behaved extremely well, my own personal staff, I am indebied for theis and the Count de Penne Viliamur is particu. assistance. larly deserying to be mentioned.

To the services of Lieutenant-colonel Ar. I annex the return of our loss in this hard. buthnot (major in his majesty's service) I am contested day; it is very severe, and in ad. also much indebted, and he is the bearer of Dition to it is the loss of the troops under his this to your Lordship, and is fully enabled to Excellency General Blake, who are killed, give you any further information you may missing, and wounded, but of which I have desire, and is most deserving of any favour not the return. The loss of the enemy, your Lordship may be pleased to recommend though I cannot know what it is, must be him for, to his Royal Highness the Prince sull inore severe. He has left on the Geld Regent. I have the honour to be, &c. of ba'tle about 200 dead, and we have taken (Signed)

W.C. BEREST ORD, from 900 IU 1009 prisoners. He has had five

Marshal and Lieuto-general. generals killed and wounded ; of the former, P, S. Major general Hamilton's division. Generals of Division Werlé and Pesim; and and Brigadier-general Madden's brigade of Gazan and two others amongst the latter. Portuguese cavalry marchi 10-morrow morna His force was much more considerable than ing to re-invest Badajoz on the south side of we had been informes of, as I do not think he Guadiana.

W. C. B. displayed less than from 20 to 22,000 infantry, and he certainly had 4000 cavalry, with.

Elvas, May 21, 1811, a numerous and heavy artillery. His over. My LORD, I enclose a letter of the 2155 bearing cavalry cramped and cor.ined all our inst, which I have received from Marsual Sic operations, and, with his artillery, saved his William Beresford, containing a letter from intaniry, after its rout.

General Gazan to Marshal Suult, which had He retired aiter the battle to the ground he been intercepted by some of our parties. had been previously on, but occupying it in General Gozan, wounded himself, wag position ; and, on this morning, or rather dure marching with the wounded; and from his ing the night, commenced his retreat on the account of those with him, from the account soad he came, towards Seville, and has aban. of those at Almendralejo, and those left on doned Badajoz to its face. He left a nuinber the ground at Albuera, from the numbers of his wounded on the ground ho had retired found dead on the field, and the prisoners, the to, and which we are administering what as Marshal computes the enemy's loss not to sistance to we can. I have sent our cavalry to fall short of 9000 men. follow the enemy, but in that arm he is 100

I have the honour to be, &c. i powerful for us to attenipt any thing against

WELLINGTON. him in the plains he is traversing. Thys we have reaped the advantage we pro

Camp near Albuera, 21st May, 1811., posed from our opposition to the attempts of My LORD,-I have the honour to transe the enemy; and whilst he has been forced to mit to your Lordship the accompanying interabandon the object for which be has almost cepted letters of some importance; after the stripped Andalusia of troops, instead of have severe battle we had, it is satisfactory to know iss accomplished the baughty boasts with that our calculations of the ençmy's loss were

AGB

[ocr errors]

pot exaggerated, and you will see by General Taz, I write from hence to the Count d'Erlon, Gazan's letter to Marshal Soult, that in killed in order to induce him to hasten his march, and wounded it cannot be less than 8000 and to join you. However, as it is also possimen: left dead on the field and taken, we ble that they may be iroops belonging to the have the knowledge of near 3000; General army of the ceo tre, commanded by General Gazan states that he has more than 4000 D'Armagnac, I write to him likewise, in order wounded with him ; 320 were at Almedra. that he may move towards you, lejo, by the same letters. Gazan says many I send an answer to Captain Le Normand, have died on the road, and which we know to intimate to him that he should correspond must have been the case, as it is in the few with your Excellency, Major D'Auberiac first days that the bad cases die in numbers, having rejoined the army: I have ordered and a precipitate retreat and want of conveni- him to collect a large convoy of provisions, ent carriage must increase the mortality; thus and to accompany it to you, that it may the we can scarcely calculate the loss of the ene more securely reach you. my from these data at less than 9000 men. The great heat will do a great deal of harm

Our advance was close to Azuchal and Al to our wounded, the number of whom amounti mendralejo, and I propose putting a strong to more than 4000 ; especially as we have column of infantry in march towards those only five surgeons to dress them., Some bare places to-morrow morning, and shall accom. died upon the road; amongst them M. la pany it. I have, &c.

Pierre, chef de bataillon of the 103d regi. (Sigoed) W.C. BERESFORD. ment.

I am still without any news of the Chef (TRANSLATION.)

* d'Escadron La Barthe ; I shall have the boRibera, 19rb May, 1811. nour of informing you the very moment I MONSIEUR LE MARECHAL,- nave the shall have been able to communicate with honour to report to your Excellency, that I him. Spanish parties are at Los Santos and am just arrived with the whole of the column, at Fuente del Maestro; and have appeared which is infinitely more numerous than I this morning at Almendralejo and Vilia Frascould have believed. I am endeavouring to ca. They made enquiries at the latter place organize it, in order to avoid disasters, and as to the march of our column; and they give particularly plundering, which would make out that 400 horse and a strong columo of us die of hunger, and which I found at the infantry are to arrive to-day at Los Santos; I highest pitch this morning upon my arrival at do not give any cr:dit to this movement, but Almendralejo.

at all events we shall see them, and I shall try : I found upon my arrival here a letter from to escape them. M. Le Normand to Major D'Aubersac. I an- I beg your Excellence to receive the as. nex it herewith, after having acquainted my-. surance of the sincere and respectful devotion pelf with its contents. As I imagine chat it with which I have the honour to be, can be only the 9ch corps which is at Alma. (Sigoed) The General of Division, GALAN,

INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS, IN AND NEAR LONDON: Wilk Biographical Alemoirs of distinguished Characters recently deceased.

[ocr errors]

THE governors of Queen Anne's bounty girl, escaped unhurt. The niece and servant, i have come to the resolution of advancing fortunately hearing some of the timbers talle the sum of 50,0001. for the purpose of as- ing, got out of the garret window; and crawl sisting clergymen in the repairs of their par- ing along the parapet, escaped the danger, by sonage houses, to be repaid to the governors taking refuge in the adjoining house ; an ole in the manner prescribed by the Act, com man and a child were found dead in the rules; monly called Gilbert's Act.

another man died while conveying to the Muy 18.-Twelve standards and colours hospital; and four persons, lodgers, were taken taken froni the ene:ny on different occasions, to the hospital in a bruised state. On diggies including the French eagle taken by the 87th out the sutücrets, one young man was cut in

teginent at the battle of Barrosa, were care the head with a spalle, and is not expected to i ried with military ceremonies, from the recover.. prade in St. Juides's park, to Whitehall. yune 10.-The volunteers of the metro chapel, and depo ited on each side of the altar. polis, about 20,000 in number, were reviewed May 29.-In the morning, between three on Winıbledon.common by his Royal Higa. and tour o'ciock, the old established publico ness the Prince Regent. The troopa from hoase, known by the sign of King Henry the the west end of the towa began to move the Eighth's Head, Seven Dials, feil down with wards the ground about six o'clock. Soms a most tremendous crash. Mr. Hastings, the of them went in the new military cars, Handlord, his wife, bis sicce, and a servant contain each 'twelve, men, and convey mous

which

« ZurückWeiter »