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conviction of its benefit. From Scot. same proportion of strength and expense land it appears that the practice of vac- as the mast; and chain shrouds and cination is universal among the higher or-' stays of iron, which may be used with ders of society; and that it is the opinion those masis, will not cost half the exof the College of Physicians, the College pense of rope, while they will also prove of Surgeons, of Edinburgh, and the Fa. ten times more durable. Even the whole culty of Physicians and Surgeons of hull may be made of wrought iron. Glasgow, that the mortality from smalle

GERMANY. . pox has decreased, in proportion as vac. A German, of the name of Routgen, a ciuation has advanced, in that part of scholar of the celebrated Blumenbach, the United Kingdom. At Dublin, and in Görlingen, has announced his intenin Ireland generally, vaccination conti- tion to endeavour to penetrate into the nues to make progress. The Board hare interior of Africa, nearly in the track also received very favourable accounts pursued by Mr. Hornemann, who, as he of the progress of vaccination in India; has not been heard of for nearly ten and it appears that by vaccination the years, is thought to have perished in the ravage of small-pox has been repeatedly enterprise. This young man is about prevented, and the disorder exierminated twenty years of age, and seems to have in the island of Ceylon. The Board de. obtained all that kind of knowledge which clare their unabated confidence in the is particularly necessary for his purpose. preventive power of vaccination, and He understands the Arabic language, is their satisfaction with the gradual and remarkably abstemious, and has accuse temperate progress by which this prac- tomed himself to make raw Aesh and tice'is advancing, and that they are of insects his food. At Göttingen he subopinion, that, by perseverance in the mitted to circumcision, that he might present measures, vaccination will in a appear to be a true believer in the Koran, few years, become generally adopted. and, in the character of a physiciau, The money granted by parliament during travel through those countries where the last session has been sufficient the name of Christian would infal. 'to defray the expences of the year 1810; libly lead to slavery or death.' In his and they are of opinion that the same peregrinations on foot through Germany suin will be adequate to the expenditure and Switzerland, he always chose the of the current year.

worst lodgings and accommodations to Wrought iron has been proposed as an inure himself to hardships. In Gerinany advantageous substitute for the materials and Paris he has collected a number of now in use for many purposes in shipping. questions proposed by the literati, reA mast of this metal, the cylinder being Jative to the unknown regions which he half an inch thick, and the same height and intends to visit. He means to endeavour diameter as a wood mast, will not be so to accompany a mercantile caravan from heavy, will be considerably stronger, much Mogador to Tombuctoo. . more durable, less liable to be injured by It appears from information received shot, and can be easily repaired, even at on this subject from different quarters, sea. It will weigh only 12 tons, and at 451, that almost all the great forests in the per ton will not cost more than 5401. while interior of Germany are infested by its strength will be nearly fifty per cent. bands of robbers. One of them is report above that of a wooden mast, hat weighs ed to have established itself in the Wete 23 tons, and costs nearly 12001. This teravia, and another in the Odenwald. mast is made to sirike nearly as low as These have communications with each the deck, to ease the ship in a heavy other, and with the gang which during sea. Ships furnished with wooden masts the winter has interrupted the public are in such circumstances obliged to cut safety in the Spessart. Another crop them away. Ships furnished with iron resides in the forest of Thuringia, and masts, will not, like others, be exposed has lately extended its incursions to the to the risk of receiving damage from northern and eastern frontiers of the lightning, the iron mast being itself an grand-duchy of Wurzburg. The duchies excellent conductor: by using an iron of Saxe-Coburg, Meinungen, and Ibildbolt from the bottom of ihe mast through burghausen, have also been disturbed by the kelson and keel, the electric matter this band, which is divided into several will be conducted through the bottom of detachments. According to the decue the ship into the water, without injury menis laid before the tribunal at Mentz, to the ship. Yards and bowsprits inay it is calculaied, that the amount of ihe also be made of wrought iron, at the robberies committed by these organized MONTHLY Mag. No. 214.

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bands, was in 1804 three millions and a dagascar; even the clubs of the South hali. Since that time they have in. Sea Islands, and the tomahawks of the ereased till they amount to a total, which North American Indians. This fancy It is not at present possible to ascertain. has been of great benefit to the dealers

The sepulchral vault in the late ducal in baltered antiquities, who obtain five chapel, at Brunswick, has recently been or six louis d'ors for articles, which not rifled; the gold lace and gold fringe , long ago they would have thought themwhich ornamented the costos of the selves extremely fortunate to sell for as dukes have been carried off, together many livres. with four silver vases, containing the

PRUSSIA. hearts of soine of those princes. These Teinains were afterwards found thrown

M. Claudius has lately made at Bere about in the neighbourhood of the

lin, a promising experiment with his palace.

machine for flying. He raised himself The spirit which acitates a number of several times io the lieight of fourteen the vehement heads of Germany has feet in thirty seconds of time, by means taken a new turn, and the reveries of the of twenty-three strokes of his wings, illuminati have been quitted for those of carrying a weight of thirty-three pounds. extravagant devotion. Several fanatical

He afierwards let himself down froin the works have lately been published, in same height by means of twenty-five which the Germans are exhorted to

strokes of his wings, in twenty-five sf. put on hair-cloth, to turn hermits, and to conds, having a force of ascension of impose on themselves the greatest aus

twenty-two pounds. The wings are terities, and severest penances. One of

furnished wi!h pipes, which close when these works, entitled “Halie and Jeru.

the air is struck, and open by their own salem," proposes to renew the ancient

weight when the air is allowed to pass pilgrimages to the Holy Land.

freely. There are powers of different FRANCE.

action in the machine for rising and for There was lately for sale in the sale descending. The pipes of one set are room of M. SYLVESTRE, at Paris, a quiescent, while those of the other are

o Larin bible printed in that 'citi in activity. The motive powers for in 1497. It belonged to Mary Queen of descent are smaller than those for ele. Scots, whose name is written in the vation; that for elevation bas a surface title-page, with her cypher M. S. and

M s and of one hundred and sixty square feet, the following verses:

This machine, applied to a balloon,

which possesses but feeble pouers of Meieux ne me peult advenir,

rising, permits the aeronaut, who com Qu'a mon dieu tousiours me tenir.

ducts the balloon lo rise to a certain On the same title-page is the date, 1571, height, to remain stationary at that with the signature of the famus Besme, height, and to descend at pleasure withwho the vear following assassinated the out emitting, and consequently losing, Admiral Coligny. He bas also written any gas; but the inventor does not pre. some lives with his own hand, in which tend to work it against the wind, as has he intreats God." to grant him grace to been reported. derive the profit resulting from perusal Many of the inhabitants of this coun. of this holy book."

try at present make use of the seeds of Awhin has lately prevailed among lupines, roasted, to supply the place of the young men of the higher classes at coffee; and, if the price of the latter Paris, which shews itself, in ornamenting should again rise, it is probable that this their bed chambers, and particularly substitute only would be used. It is their bed's head, with arms and armour called, Bishop's Coffee, because an anof all kinds; insomuch that the famous cient bishop made it his ordinary bearmoury of Don Quixote is completely verage. outdone. Some are so particular as to An adventurer, named REIZENSTEIN, group helmets and corslets on every formerly an officer in the Prussian sera pavinel of the wainscot. Arms, offensive vice, bas collected an armed troop in and defensive, of every country, are dis. the neighbourhood of Frankfort un the played with the most grotesque effect; Oder. The newspapers lately contained the Moorish poignard and the Turkish an order from the Prussian authorities, sabre, the hangers of the Arabs, with directing his apprehension, because he the carbines of the Cossacks; the creeses had tasen an active part among the il Alibe Malays, and the zagayes of Ma- cendiaries, who have desolated the Ma..

gravate,

gravate of Brandenburg. A Silesian from the walls, or being hurnt to death
count is also inentioned as having col- in the streets. About 1200 preferred she
lected in the mountains of Silesia a body latter, and 200 were dashed to pieces in
of deserters, against whom it has been attempting the former.
found necessary to send troops.

WEST INDIES.
EAST INDIES.

A strange phenomenon has lately been The number of persons vaccinated in observed in the island of Jamaica. This the different districts of Ceylon, in 1809, is the gradual formation of an immense amounted to 25,697, inaking a total of lake, where, a few years ago, stood a very 128,732 since its first introduction into valuable sugar work, and other planta. the island in 1802, besides a few others tions. A letter from Kingston, gives the inoculated by individuals not belonging following account of it:-" Having plenty to the vaccine establishment. The of leisure, I made an excursion about a small-pox has not existed in any part of fortnight ago to the lake of St. Anns, the island since February 1808, till Oc. which certainly is a great curiosity, said tober 1809, when the disease was brought now to cover 3,000 acres of land, and to Jaffna paaun by a country boat from the still rising. It is thus accounted for : Malabar coast. The contagion spread co There used always to be a large piece of a few persons who had not been vaccin water, say seventy acres, a little from the nated in that district, and by means of a Monteague, into which a rivulet called civil prisoner, was introduced into the the Rio Ho ran, and on one side sunk jail at that place, but its progress there into the ground with a kind of hissing was immediately arrested by the removal noise. This subterranean passage ap. of the infecied persons and the indiscri- pears to have been stopped from some minate vaccination of all the other pri- unknown cause; the strean still continues soners.

to run, and the water, of course, to inThe Indian government has offered a crease. One sugar work has lost 700 remuneration of 6000l. for the importa- acres of good land, its works, overseer's tion of the cochineal insect into their ter- and negro houses; the tops of some are ritory, from the coast of South America. still visible. Several proprietors have From some recent discoveries, fresh lost great part of their grass pastures, and hopes are entertained that the insect may been obliged to dispose of part of their be brought to perfection in Iudia, an stock. The surface being now so extenobject which has long been looked for. sive, its perpendicular rising is not so ward to without success.

visible, perhaps an inch a week may be The sunn-hemp of India, after a va about the mark. Some canoes and boats riety of experiments, appears not to have have already been carried thither, and answered the public expectations. A dis. afford a pleasant amusement, I took a covery has, however, been made in Suma- swim over a fine guinea-grass piece, and tra and Prince of Wales' Island, of an ar- got hold of the branch of a tree to rest, ticle called poolas or calooee, which is spun but it.immediately snapped off, and com: by the natives, by a process till lately un- pelled me to make for shore, almost known to Europeans, into a strong and tired; I could not swim one-third part su durable cordage. A quantity of this far in this water, as in the sea or a river ; article is expected to be received in Ene I never found any so soft. All the trees gland by the ships of the ensuing season, within its surface are dead, and many for the purpose of making experiments, very high ones covered over. How high which will be superintended by an intele it must rise before it finds a vent, is not ligent native.

yet ascertained, but it must be many Accounts from Bengal state, that a yards, as hills surround the spot. I dreadrul fire broke out at Unmerapoora fancy it is twelve miles from the sea. (kingdom of Ava) on the 10th of March, Several ponds now appear at the distance 1810, which entirely destroyed the town of half a mile or more from it, where and fort, including the palace, temples, never water was before; these also conand 20,000 houses. The governor, in tinue to rise; I suppose the water must order to compel the inhabitants to assist ooze through the ground. In anotber in preserving the place, ordered the part of the island, St. Elizabeth, some gates to be shut; and thus reduced them hundred acres of land are covered with to the dreadful alternative of leaping water, where, in some years, the negroes

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and stock have been obliged to go fifteen year, but when the rain ceased the springs miles to drink; a number of springs have did not."* broken out where never before there was * We earnestly wish our correspondents the least appearance; this aç first was and readers, in all parts of the world, would supposed to be in consequence of the furnish us with details of the progress of such very great quantity of rain that fell last phenomena.-Editor.

REVIEW OF NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS.

" See our Oars wieb Feathered Spray,” the gil's Shepherds, defy the preference of

celebrated Boal Glee, sung by Mrs. Vaugbar, their judge. Mr. W. Wynnett, Mr. Vaup ban, and Mr. 7. B. Sale, as Messes. We mets, and Mr. A Tbema, with Six Variations, for the Pians. Vaugban's Vical Concerts,' Willis's Rooms, forte. Composed by F. W. Crouch. 3s. Composed by Sir Fobn Stevenson, Mus. This Thema, which is accompanied Doc. 2s. 6d.

with a superjoined part for a fute, and THIS glee, which has also been sung one separately printed, for a violoncello, T with distinguished applause, in the is as simple as it is pleasing; and the vas favourite Melo Drama of the Patriot, or riations, in which nothing extraneous or Hermit of Saxellen, in Dublin, does high extravagant is affected, are conceived in credit to Sir John Stevenson's taste and a style perfectly analogous to the subscience. The construction, though sim. ject, and produce an effect at once naple, is strongly effective; the parts, de- tural and agreeable. pendently, or independently, considered, Six Canzonets, with an Accompaniment for the display a sense of the effect wanted, and Piano forte, or Harp. Composed, and dedia ready coinmand of the means to pro- cated to Miss L. C. Cooke, by Ricbard duce it: neither is the beauty of the Ligbt. 85. melody to be forgotten, any more than We find in these canzonets some easy the nice adjustment of the harmony. : flowing passages. The sentiments of « He is gone on the Mountains." The Coronach, the words are well consulted, and the

or Funeral Song, from the Lady of tbe Lake, general cast of the melodies bespeak that by Walter Scott, esq. Sung with unbounded respectable portion of talent, from which, opplause at tbe public and private Concerts in by Mr. Light's further cultivation of this Lindon and Dublin. Composed, and inscrited species of composition, we unhesitato Miss Westby, by Sir J. Stevenson, Mus. tingly argue much future excellence. Doc. 35., An ease of conception, and grace of Alave

A favorite Sicilian Air, arranged at & Roedo manner, so strikingly mark this compo.

for the Harp. Composed and dedicated to sition, as to render it peculiarly attrac

Mrs. Carleton, by L. De Marin. 25. tive and affecting. The melody is every

This rondo is all that the composer where sweetly delicate, and the harmony

designed it to be, a familiar and attrac. is richly and judiciously embodied.

tive little exercise for the piano-forte.

The passages are well disposed for the " He is gone on the Mountains." The Coronacb,

· juvenile band, and, while they win the or Funeral'Song, from the Lady of the Lake, by Walter Scoit, esq. The Music by Thomas

ear, cannot but improve the finger. Arwood, esq. 1s. 6d.

« La Majesteuse," a favourite Marcb, and The task of comparing the productions Three Original Airs, De Dance, for tse Piane, of living authors, is generally a more forte. Composed by G. G. Ferari. 35. positive than pleasing duty to rea . In this little publication we find much viewers; but in the present instance, the pleasing variety. The several movements language of commendation may justly be are at once, generally speaking, good in dealt out with so equal a hand, that we themselves, and are so arranged in the can gratify one composer without giving work as to follow each other with every pain to the other; and say with correcta advantage that judicious succession could ness, that, in this trial of their skill, Sir secure. Many of the ideas are as novel John Stevenson and Mr. Atwood, have as agreeable, and the aggregate effect is equal claims to the prize, and, like Vir- agreeable and striking

"Graben

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Grabam and Glory, or tbe Victor Van- the second of which forms as pleasing a quished.Sung by Mr. Rees, jun. at ibe Rondo as any that has lately come under Aquutic Theatre, Sadler's Wills. Written by out notice, and may be had singly for Mr. C. Dibdin, jun. Composed by Mr. the piano-forte. · The combination of Reeve. 1s. 6d.

the three parts is scientific and artificial :: This humourous, patriotic, trifle, has the points are well supported, and the been well hit off by Mr. Reeve. The words

turn of passages is accommodated to the and the music run glibly on, and, if the station each of the three instruinen is sense is not always strong, the loyalty is, takes in the scale. and the grand object both of the writer

Young Edwin I met in the Valley," a fa. and composer is attained. The favourite We'sb Air of " Ar Hydy Nos,

vourite Song, sung by Mrs. C. Dibd'n, in the or tbe Live Long Nigbe," arranged wirbfa.

Red Reaver. Written by C. Dibdio. Comp seto wiliar variations for the Piano-forte, or Harpe

by W. Reeve. 1s 6d. and Flagelet, or Flute, by Jobn Parry. “Young Edwin" is a pleasing trille, 1s. 6d.

The melody, though not remarkable for This air is so ingeniously arranged, its novelty, is very natural, and gives the and the variations constructed with such sense of the words with tolerable force an equal eye to all the parts; and the and justness. broad, general effect, that in our opinion " A Peep at Turkey," a favourite Comic Song. it merits the title of a Trio. Playful di

sung by Mr. Grimaldi, at Sadicr's Wells versity, and fanciful disposition, are the Theatre, in the Pantomime of Dulce Domum, leading features of Mr. Parry's adjust Composed by W. Reeve. 15. 64. ment and additions, and certainly place

The general description of the last this popular and graceful little publication

article will pretty well apply to this. in a very advantageous point of view.

Though not important, it is agreeable, A Trio for Tbree Flutes. Composed, and in

and affects nothing beyond its own nascribed to Ramon Larrea, esq. by Jobu

tural character.
Parry. 35.
This Trio consists of two movements,

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MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS.
The Use of all New Prints, Communications of Articles of Intelligence, dc. are

requested under cover to the Cure of the Publisher,

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The Exhibition of the Royal Academy, 1811.

4. Gaunt was one of the most magnificent

princes of his time, and should not have (Continued from p. 464.)

been represented in such a sack.cloth, V E shall now proceed to mention monkish costume; neither is Richard suf

W more particularly the most excel- ficiently handsome for the prince, whose lent of this very excellent exhibition, personal beauty was such, that, in Shakes which, in point of brilliancy of talent, is peare's words, “like the sun, it made not inferior to any that have decorated beholders vink." The portrait of Philip the walls of Somerset Place. Dawe's Howorth, a boy of extraordinary size and portraits of Mrs. T. Hope and her sons, strength, in the character of the intant (No. 6) is a faithful transcript of this Hercules, (No. 36) by Dawe, embraces fascinating woman, engaged in the most most of the principal beauties of the art, lovely of feminine employment, the nure and assumes an ideal bcauty from the .ture of her children. Fuseli's Macbeth premature maturity and astonishing consulting the vision of the armed head, muscularity of the subject, that is per(No. 12) is the best of his productions baps a solitary instance in portraiture; this year, and possesses much of his the face is common, though beautiful, usual beauties and defects; the imaginary and might be condemned were it entirely beings possessing every thing a vivid fancy the production of the artist's imaginacould suggest, and the inortal too much er- tion. The colouring of the flesh is bril. aggerated in muscular form, considering Jiant, warm, and natural, and the anahe is clothed. Hilton's John of Gaunt re- tomical drawing excellent. Having proving King Richard II. (No. 18) is in seen this prodigy, and often bad the opmany respects an excellent performance, portunities of viewing his wondeo ful

but consists too much of straight lines, powers at an infantine age (only four * and is not historically correct. Join of years) and contemplating withi astonishi

nient

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