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Wemost sincerely hope that his wishes 14. The Opera of Calypso. . may be fully verified, and that the fol- 15. The Impostors; a comedy. lowing apostrophe has not been addressed 16. The Widow of Delphi, or Descent of by himn in valli :
17. False Impressions. “ Some tokens of a life not wholly pass'd
18. The Carmelite; said to be his best In sellish strivings or ignoble sloth, Haply there may be found when I ani gone,
tragedy, 1785. Which may dispose fair candour to discern
19. The Natural Son; a comedy.
20. The Dependant, Some merit in my zeal, and let my works
21. Days of Yore. Outlive the maker, who bequeaths them to
22 Ward of Nature. thee; For well I know where our perception ends
23. First Love.
24. The Jew. Thy praise begins, and few there be who
95. Country Attorney. weave
26. Walioons. Wreaths for the poet's brow, till he is laid Low in his narrow dwelling with the worm.”
27. Wat Tyler.
28. The Clouds. Mr. C. has left, we believe, five
29. The Sailor's Daughter. children, and about sixteen grand.child.
IV. UNPUBLISHED DRAMAL. ren, to bewail his loss, and respect his 1. The Elder Brutus; a tragedy. memory. Of four boys, two perished in 2. The False Demetrius. the service of their country, and two 3. Tiberius in Caprea. And still remain; one of these, Richard, edu 4 Torrendal; a tragedy. cated at Cambridge, is a captain in the
v. FUGITIVE PIECIS. navy, and another a barrack-inaster. 1. Verses on the Accession of his present One of his daughters, as has already been Majesty. said, married the brother of the Duke of
2. A Poem after the manner of Goldsmith's Portland; another became the wife of a
3. Verses on the Bust of the present Prince man of fortune, and a third, with whom
of Wales. he lived, was united to a German officer. "
er. . 4. An irregular Ode, addressed to the Sun, Here follows a catalogue of his works, composed at Keswick, and published 19 inaccurate, perhaps, in some particulars, 1773-6. but probably the best hitherto pube 5. Ode to the late Dr. Robert James ; Jished.
suggested by the recovery of the author's se1. THEOLOGY.
cond son from a fever, in consequence of the 1. Sermons.
prescriptions of that physician. 2. Evidences of the Christian Religion. 6. Lines to the late Earl of Mansfield. 3. Translations of the Psalms.
7. Epilogue to the Arab. 11. HEROIC POETRY.
• 8 Verses Complimentary of Romney, and 1. Calyary, or the Death of Christ; a Sir Joshua Reynolds. poem in blank verse..
9. Verses to Richard Sharpe, esq. who firet 2. The Exodiad ; written, we believe, in suggested the idea of Mr. C.'s Memoirs. conjunction with Sir J. B. Burges.
10. Verses presented to the late Princess 111, DRAMATIC WORKS.
Amelia, by the author's daughter-in-law, 1. The Banishment of Cicero; a dramatic Lady Albinia Cumberland poem in five acts, printed in 1761.
11. Versos to Nelson. 2. Caractacus.
12. Affectation; and 13. Avarice. 3. The Summer's Tale; a comedy,
14. Verses to the Prince of Wales. 4. The Brothers; a comedy.
15. Verses to Mr. Pitt. 5. The Fashionable Lover; a comedy. 16. Chorusses in the Appraiser, 1793. 6. The West Indian ; a comedy, which
VI. MISCELLANEOUS. was got up in a great style by Garrick, and, 1. Translations from the Troades of Se. in the language of the theatres, had a " long neca. run."
2. Curtius in the Gulph. 7. The Choleric Man; a comedy, to which 3. A short Sketch of Lord Sackville's ChaGarrick wrote the Epilogue.
racter, dedicated to the Earl of Dorchester, 8. Timon of Achens ; altered from Shake. 1785. speare.
4. The Observer; two editions published 9. The Fashionable Lover; 1772.
in the two first sears. The work now ex. 10. Note of Hand, or a Trip to New. tends to five volumes, and displays great market; 1776.
learning, and good morals. 11. Mysterious Husband ; 1783.
5. An accurate Catalogue of the Painting 12. The Battle of Hastings; a tragedy, in in the King of Spain's Palace at Madrid. which Henderson played the character of 6. Anecdotes of eminent Painters in Spain. Edgar Atheling.
7. Memoirs, 2 vols. 4to. 13. Bux Lobby Challenge.'
8. Preface to Tipper's Review.
late Dr. Bentley, in a Letter from a late Pro1. Arundel, 2 vols.
fessor in the University of Oxford, to the 2. John de Lancaster.
Right Rev. Author of the Divine Legation 3. Henry, 4 vols.
of Moses Demonstrated. This passed through
two editions. VIIT. CONTROVERSIAL.
2. A Pamphlet in Opposition to the Bishop 1. A Letter to Right Rev. Bishop of of Llandaff's Proposal for Equalizing the ReOx ; containing some animadversions venues of the English Hierarchy. made by him upon a character given by the
SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF
It is proposed in future to devote a few Pages of the Monthly Mugazine to the
Insertion of such Scarce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be favoured by our Correspondents; und under the same Heud to introduce also the Analyses of Source und Curious Books.
Considerations and Proposals in Order to at their devotion; so that the whole
the Regulation of the Press: together trade passes through the fingers of their with Diverse Instances of Treasonous own creatures, which, upon the matter, and Seditious Pamphlets, proving the concludes rather in a combination, then necessily thereof. By Roger L'Es- a remedy.
trange. London: printed by A. C. 4ly. It seems a little too much to rea, · June 3, M.DC.LXIII.
- ward the abusers of the press with the
credit of superintending it: upon a conThe Stationers are not to be entruster fidence that they that destroyed the last
with the care of the Press, for these king for their benefit, will now make it following Reasons.
their businesse to preserve this to their TIRST. They are both parties and loss.
T judges; for diverse of them have bly. It will cause a great disappoinf. brought up servants to the mystery of ment of searches, when the persons most printing which they still retein in de concern'd shall have it in their power to. pendence: Others again are both prin- spoyl all, by notices, partiality, or delay. ters and stationers themselves; so that Oly. As the effectual regulation of the they are entrusted (effectually) to search press is not at all the stationer's inieres!, for their own copies, io destroy their so is it strongly to be suspected that it is own interests, to prosecute their own as little their aym: for not one person agents, and to punish themselves; for has been fin'd, and but one prosecuted, (as they are the principal authors of those is credibly afhrmed) since the late act, mischiefs which they pretend now to re- notwithstanding so much treason and sedia dress, and the very persons against whom tion printed and disperst since that time. the penalties of this intended regulation 7ly. It is enjoyn’d by the late Act are chiefly levellid.
" that no man shall be admitted to be a · 2ly. It is not adviseable to rely upon master printer, until they who were at the honesty of people (if it may be that time actually master-printers, shall avoided) where that honesty is to their be liy death or otherwise reduced to the loss : especially if they be such as bave number of twenty:" which provision not. already given proof that they prefer their withstanding, several persons have since private gayn before the well-fare of the that time been suffer'd to set up masters: publique; which has been the stationer's which gives to understand that the recase throughout our late troubles, some ducing of the presses to a limited numfew excepted, whose integrity deserves ber is not altogether the stationers pure encouragement.
pose. " Sly. In this trust, they have not only the temptation of profit, to divert them The Printers are not to be entrusted wilh from their duty (a fair part of their stock the Gorernment of the Press. lying in seritious ware), but the means First, All the arguinents already obof transgressing with great privacy, and jected against the stationers, hold you'd safety: (or, make them overseers of the also against the printers, but not fuily press, and the printers becoine toially so strong. That is, they are both pare
tyes and judges. Self-ended, (upon ex. To conclude, both printers and sta. periment) under the temptation of profit. tioners, under colour of offering a service Offenders as well as the stationers; and, to the publique, do effectually but design in all abuses of the presse, confederate one upon another. The printers would with them. Beside, they will have the beat down the bookselling trade, by same influence upon searches; and they menaging the press as themselves please, have probably as little stomack to a re- and by working upon their onn copies, gulation, as the other. 'Tis true, the The stationers, on the other side, they printers interest is not so great as the would subject the printers to be absostationers; for where bee gets (it may lutely their slaves; which they hare el. be) 20 or 25 in the 100 for printing anfected in a large measure already, by so unlawful book, the other doubles, nay encreasing the number, that the one many times, trebles his mony by selling half must either piay the knaves, or it : yet neverthelessé the printer's bene. starve. fit lyes at stake too.
The expedient for this, must be some Quly. It were a hard matter to pick way to disengage the printers from that out twenty master-printers, who are both servile and mercenary dependence upon free of the trade, of ability to menage it, the stationers, unto which they are at and of integrity to be entrusted with it: present subjected. The true state of most of the honester sort being impove. the business being as follows: rished by the late times, and the great First, The number of master-printers business of the press being engross'd by is computed to bu about 60, whereas 20 Oliver's creatures.
or 24 would dispatch all the honest work But they propose to undertake the of the nation. work upon condition to be incorporate. 2dly. These sixty master printers have That is, to be disengaged from the com- above 100 apprenticcs; (that is, at least pany of stationers, and to be made a son 20 more than they ought to have by the ciety by themselves. It may be aná law.) swered, that it would be with them as Sdly. There are, beside aliens, and 'tis with other incorporate societies: those that are free of other trades, at they would be true to the publique, so least 150 journy-men, of which number, far as stands with the particular good at least 30 are superfluous; to which 30 of the company. But evidently their there will be added about 36 more, be. gain lyes the other way: and for a state side above 50 supernumerary appren. to erect a corporation that shall bring so tices, upon the reduction of the mastergreat a danger upon the publique, and printers to 24. So that upon the whole not one peny into the treasury, to bal- reckoning, there will be left a matter of Jance the hazzard, were a proceeding 60 journy-men, and 50 apprentices, to not ordinary.
provide for, a part of which charge might But they offer to give security, and to very reasonably be laid upon those who be Iyable to fines. Let that be done, bound or took any of the said number, whether they be incorporate, or no. In as apprentices, contrary to the limitation case of failer, they'll be content to lose set by authority. their priviledges. What signifies that, These supernumerary printers were at but only a stronger obligation to a closer first introduced by the book-sellers, as a cunfederacy? 'Tis true, the printers in sure way to bring them both to their a distinct and regulated society may do prices, and purposes; for the number some good as to the general business of being greater then could honestly live printing, and within the sphere of that upon the trade, the printers were enparticular profession: but the question forc'd either to print treason, or sediis here, how to prevent a publique mis- tion, if the stationer offered it, or to chief, not how to promote a private want lawful work, by which necessity on trade. But are not printers the fittest the one side, and power on the other, instruments in searches? They are, with the combination became exceeding dan: out dispute, necessary assistants, either gerous, and so it still continues; but how for retriving conceal'd pamphlets, or for to dissolve it, whether by, barely dise examination of work in the mettle, but incorporating the company of stationers, whether it be either for the honour, or and subjecting the printers to rules apart, safety, of the publique, to place so great and by themselves; or by making them a trust in the hands of persons of that two distinct companies, I do not meddle.
quality, and interest, is submitted to This only may be offer'd, that in case · belier jui, ments,
those privileges and benefits should be
granted, to both stationers, and printers, or treatises, not comprehended under which they themselves desire in point of the powers before-mentioned, fall under trade; yet in regard that several inte- the jurisdiction of the principal secreo rests are concern'd, that of the kingdom taries of state, to be allow'd by tbein. on the one side, and only that of the selves, or one of them, or by their, or one companies on the other ; it is but reason of their appointments. that there should be several super-in- The care of the press concerning these. tending powers, and that the smaller in particulars may be another surveigher's terest should give place, and be subordi- business; so that six persons may do nate to the greater: that is, the master the whole work, with good order, and and wardens to menage the business of security. Three substitutes for the bio their respective trade, but withall, to be shops, and chancellours, and one a-piece gubjected to some superior officer, that for the rest. should over-look them both on behalf of A word now touching the encouragethe publique.
ment of these officers, and then con, As the powers of licensing books, are cerning penalties to be inflicted upon by the late act vested in several persons, offenders, and rewards to be granted to with regard to the several subjects those enformers. books treat of; so may there likewise The inward motive to all publique be several agents authoris'd and appoint and honourable actions, must be taken ed for the care of the press, touching for granted to be a principle of loyalty, these several particulars, under the name and justice: but the question is here and title of surveyors of the press: and concerning outward encouragements to every distinct surveyor to keep himself this particular charge. There must be strictly within the linits of liis own pro. benefit, and power. Benefit, that a man vince. As for example: .. . may live honestly upon the employinent;
First, The lord chancellour, or lord and power, for the credit and execution keeper of the great seal of England for of the trust. the time being, the lords chief justices, The benefit must arise partly from and lord chief baron for the time being, some certain and standing lee; and in or one or more of them, are specially part from accessory and contingent ad, authoris'd to license, by themselves, or vantages, which will be but few, and hy their substitutes, all books concerning small, in proportion to the trouble and the common laws of this kingdom. charge of the employment: for there
Let there be one surveigher of the must be, first, a constant attendance, press constituted peculiarly for that sub, and a dayly labour in hunting out, and ject.
over-looking books, and presses; and 2dly. All books of divinity, physique, secondly, a continual expense in the en.. philosophy, or whatsoever otherscience, or terteynment of instruinents for discovery art, are to be licensed by the lord archbie and intelligence, which, being deducted shop of Canterbury, and lord bishop of out of the pictances of licenses and forLondon for the time being, or one of them, feitures, will leave the surveigher a very or by their, or one of their appointments, small proportion for his peyns. or by either one of the chancellours, or The next thing is a power to execute; vice-chancellours of either of the unie without which, the law is dead, and the versities, for the time being.
officer ridiculous. Let three other surveighers of the Now concerning penalties and rewards, press be likewise authorized for these 1. The gayn of printing some books is particulars.
ten times greater, if they scape, then the 3dly, All books concerning heraldry, loss, if they be taken; so ihat the da. titles of honour, and arins, or concern- mage bearing such a disproportion to the ing the office of earl-marshall, are to be profit, is rather an allurement to offend, licens'd by the earl-marshall for the tiine ihen a discouragement." being; or in case there shall not then %. As the punishment is too small fur be an earl.marshall, by the three kings the offender, so is the reward also for of arms, or any two of them, whereof the enformer; for reckon the tiine, trou. Garter to be one.
ble, and money, which it shall cost the This is to be the subject of another prosecutour to recover his allotment, he surveigher's care.
shall sit down at last a loser by the barAthly. Books of history, politiques, gain, and more than that, he loses his støle-affairs, and all other miscellanies, credit and easployment, over and above,
ng a betrayer of his fellows; so great is are comprehended forfeitures, confis. the power and confidence of the delin- cations, loss of any beneficial office or quent party.
employinent, incapacity to hold or eurThe way to help this, is to augment joy any; and finally, all damages acboth the punishment and the reward, cruing, and impos'd, as a punishment and to provide that the inflicting of the for some offence. one, and the obteyning of the other, Touching the other penalties beforemay be both easie and certain; for to mention'd, it suffices only to have nam'd impose a penalty, and to leave the way them, and so to proceed to the applicaof raysing it so tedious and difficult, as tion of them, with respect to the crime, in this case hitherto it is, amounts to no and to the offender. more than this: If the enformer will The penalty ought to bear proportioa spend ten pound, 'uis possible he may re- to the malice, and influence of the of. cover five; and so the prosecutor inust fence, but with respect to the offender impose a greater penalty upon himself, . too; for the same punishment (unless it then the law does upon the oitender, or be death itself) is not the same thing else all comes to nothing.
to several persons, and it may be proper An expedient for this inconvenience enough to punish one inan in his purse, is highly necessary; and why may not another in bis credit, a third in his body, the oath of one credible witness or more, and all for the same offence. before a master of the chancery, or a The grand delinquents are, the au. justice of the peace, serve for a convic- thors or compilers (which I reckon as tion. Especially the person accused all one), the printers, and stationers. being left at liberty before such oath For the authors, nothing can be too takeli, either to appeal to the privye severe that stands with humanity and council, or to abide the decision. conscience. First, 'tis the way to cut
Now to the several sorts of penalties, off the fountain of our troubles. Adly, and to the application of them.
there are not many of them in an age, The ordinary penalties I find to be and so the less work to do. thiese: Death, mutilation, imprisonnent, The printer and stationer come neit, banishment, corporal peyns, di-grace, who, beside the common penalties of pecuniary mulcts; which penalties are mony, loss of copies, or printing mateto be apply'd with regard to the quality rials, may be subjected to these further of the offence, and to the condition of punishments. the delinquent.
Let them forfeit the best copy they The offence is either blaspheiny, he. have, at the choice of that surveigher of resie, schism, treason, sedition, scandal, the press under whose cognisance the or contempt of authority.
offence lves; the profit «hereof the said The delinquents are the advisers, au- officer shall see ihus distribuced, one thors, compilers, writers, printers, cor. third to the king, a second to the enfure rectors, stitchers, and binders, of unlaw. mer, reserving the remainder to himself. ful books and pamphlets; together with in soine cases, they may be condemnd all publishers, dispersers, and concealers to wear some visible badge, or marque of thiein in general, and all starioners, of ignominy, as a halter instead of a batposts, bachny-coachmen, carryers, boat. band, one stocking blew, and another men, mariners, hawkers, mercury-wo. red; a blew bonnet with a red T or S men, pedlers, and bailad-singers, so of- upon it, to denote the crime to be either fending, in particular.
treason or sedition: and if at any time, Penalties of disgrace ordinarily in the person so condemned shall be found practice are inany, and more may be without ihe said badge or marque during added.
the rime of his obligation to wear it, let Pillory, stocks, whipping, carting, stig. him incurre some further penalty, pro. malizing, disablement to bear office or vided only, that if within ihe said time Testimony, publique recantation, standing he shall discover and seize, or cause to under the gallows with a rope about the be seized, any author, printer, or sta. neck at a publique execution, disfran- tioner, liable at the time of that disco. chisement (if free-men), cashiering (if very and seizure, to be proceeded against souldiers), degrading (if persons of cone for the matter of treasonous or seditious qilion), wearing some badge of intamy, pampbilets, the offender aforeraid shall cindewation to work either in mines, from the time of that discovery be disa plantationis, or houses of correction. charg’ from wearing it any longer,
Under the head of pecuniary muicts, This proposal may seem phantastique