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ma sorur me porte ce que elle ma fait MÁS. On which is written that it belonged to entendre par tant docasions que je nen ** Christina, Q. of Sweden, afcerwards to the veulx ou ose plus doubter et iesi

veulx ou ose plus doubter et iespere bien Vatican, and now to the Imp. Jibrary, con

que elle men faira quelque plus secre taining original letters from Henry VIII.

desmonstiation si nous voions ce que jay to Anne of Boulen.

difere pour ceste annee pour etre trip TYPE reasonable request of your last acuancee mays ie matend's di recouvrer

1 lettre, nth the pleasure also that Jautre quoyquil en soit ie nie seuls osI take to know them true, causeth me to bligee a vous du bien que me souhaites, send you now this news; the legate whyche we most desyre aryvyd att Parys on

Au Duc de Nemours. Sondlay or Ménday, last past, so that I M ON cousin mestant permis meirte. trust by the next Monday to here off hys I nant ce que iavois ili a long temps aryvall at Cales, and then I trust weh in desiray cestoit de fayre mon devoir vers le a wyle after to enjoy that whyche I have Roye la Ruyne et tous messieurs mes bons so long longed for to God's pleasur, and amys et parans du nombre des quels je our both co forts; no more to you at thys vous ay tousiours tenu et trouvee des present myne own darlynge for lake of prinsipauix ie nay voullu faillir de vous tyme, but that I wold you were in myne fayre ce mot pour vous prier de donner armes, or I in your's, for I thynk it long credit a ce porteur qui vous declarera syns I kyst you; writtyn affter the kyllyng focasion de son voiasge et lestat de mes off my hart at xi off the kloke, myndyng affayres tant issi quen non malheureuls wih God's grace to-morow mytely to pays et pour ce que je le connois fidelle kyll another by the hand of him wliyche et doubte quel inconveniant pourroit I trust shortly shall be yours.

venir aux lettres je ne les feray plus longues ayos me remetant sur lui a vous

T'ayre ample discours du tout ie vous ERLYNG, thes shall wonly to adver- priray me fayre part de vous nouvelles

tyce you that thys berer and boys felow que je prie a dieu ettre tous jours aussi bedyspecydut as many thyogs tu eu passe bonnes que les scauries soulikyter et apres onre inater and to bring it to pas, as I vous amniou besay les mains ie fera; fint trust by theyne dylygence it shall be avoir. schortly, you and I shall have oure de.

De Wingfield ce ix de Juin, syryd ende, whyche shulde bee more to

vore tre-affec. bon Cousine my hart's ease, and more quietines to my

MARIE, mynd than any other thyng in thys worlde, as with God's grace shortly I trust shall be performed, but nou so soon as I EXTRACT from MANUSCRIPT BOOK, No, wolde it were, yet I wyll ensure you ther 7831, in the MANUSCRIPT CATALOGUE. shall be no time lost that may be wone, a booke contavninge the most singulare and farther cannot be done for ultra

secrets in the arte of distillation, whearby posse nó est ce kepe hym noti to tong

is easily brought to pass things of great with you, but desyre hym for your sake to

moment, whsh are obscuerely set down by inake the more spede, for the soner we learned auethors of divers nations and shall have worde frome hym, che soner tongs : but hear interpreted and layd open shall oure mater come to pase, and thus to the views of my murch honored frende, upon trust off your short repayre to Lon. and therefor caled hidden secrets revealeda don, I make an ende off my lelier mayne By Robert Walenyysley, P.M. a.d. 1609. owne swette hart; wrytuin with the hand to the right worshipful and mutch honored off hym whyche desyryth as muche to knyght Sirs Barnard Greenvill, grace, be your's, as you do to have hymu,

mercy and peace, in oure Lord Jesus. H. ITNDOUBTEDLY God hath creo

ated medicins to tak away the III.

gout, palsi, dropsie, quartan fevers, and MSS. Lettres de Marie Stuart Reyne d'Ecosse other diseasis, which the trop of vulgar

veuve du Roy Franç. 11. a' Monsieur le phisitions do iudz incurable, but the cats Due de Nemours, &c.

whi plisitions know them not: is, first Au Duc de Nemours.

ther impieties and infidelitis; for the D AR l'advertisement que jay eu daile bitill regard ther negliboursliext is ther

I lieurs les anglois ont bien fait men- absolut negligens in searctching the non de l'amitie que la Royne dangleterre wounderous works of God and secrets

ST

of natur, Ilow can they seek after the litical friends. The public, however, are
wonderous secrets of his works: wch little influenced by either these rhap-
believe hini not to be or know him not; sodies, or those of the editor himself.
er lirill care to know hiin? so that they Almost every man attaches himself to
have a voluble tony: it is sufficient for one part; or other; and as the most pre-
thein, unto title and to grace ther poinpe, posterous statements and dogmas will be
'They should hurt ther tender hands with swallowed, if of the faxorite side; so, if
cools, if they should seartch the secrets an angel were to write on the reverse,
of nature: it sufficeth them to wast and bis facts, arguments, and cloquencc,
consuinc ali ther time and adg in caui- would be unavailing. A reader of the
lations and contentions in words. O! Post or Courier ? will not be convinced
blind inortall inen! do we not know that by the statements, however ingenious,
we ought racher to seek the truth of the of the Chronicle or Statesman; nor will
cause, then the ornament of speatch? the boldest assertions of the former jour-
This is inost true, nothing is so contrary pals, find credence with the adınirers of
to the rules of true philosophie, as that the latter.
Klith savoureth of uniovindedness and But, although, as already observed,
hanti proud speatch; and for this cause every man thinks decidedly with the
Philosophi presents herself naked ap. party he has espoused, yet, unless bebe
parent on all parts; she caryeth all under a professed politician, or personally in-
tile eyes sulyject to judginent; she sliewes terested in the success of his party, he is
her self playnly. Cicero doth not re- apt to lose a relish for the everlasting roų.
guier elcquens in a philosopher, mutch tine of political discussion : when bộ
les Celsus in phisick: but that it may takes a newspaper ioto his band, be
many fest the truth of things and excel. rather looks for something to amuse hiin,
lencies of doctrine, it is our duries rather than the repetition of what has become
io hare our minds well composed, then like a course of physic; and, among the
our words curiosly adorned to provide first of such articles, he eagerly examinés
rather that reason err not, then spearch; the theatrical inteligence. The reports
and yet elequens, a gift of God given by of a new play, or a new performer, ina
the same spirit that prophesis healing terest bin more than those of an en-
and the gift of longs are, but it must be gagement in Spain or Portugal, or of a
but the handmayıl of truth.

debate in the House of Lords or Com

mons. Such being the case, it were to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, he wished that editors should be a litile SIR,

more circumspect; and, I may be per: F all the labours incident to the mitted to add, a little more candid, im

editor of a newspaper, there is partial, and adherent to truth, than they none that more interests the public, or frequently are. I do not dispute that for the due execution of which he ouglat they may be, in soine degree, subserto be more strictly responsible, than dra- vient to a manager, or that they may be matic and theatrical criticism. In the influenced by or against an author or a details of news and politics, he is obliged, performer; best bere they are not so tied in some respect, to adhere to accounts down, bụt if they chuse they may have a received; and bis opinions and obser- will, and opinion of their own, the due tations are universally known vot to be and honest exercise of which is of much his own, but those of the party under jinportance, as they are, in fact, the whose banners die is enlisted. If he an- Stiprenie dictators of the taste of the nowice falsehoods, relail absurdities, or town. reason extravagantly, all is set down to "The theatre is divided into three comhus employers, whom it is perfectly un- partments, pit, boxes, and galleries: but derstood he must obey, or lose their pa- es in politics we have often heard of an tronage. It is also notorious, that these infuence behind the throne, greater than patrons themselves occasionally con- the throne itself; so here, besides the descend to write, and that, not being constitutional divisions of the audience, broken into che trammels of newspaper there is a fourth description of visitors, composizion, their productions are often paramount to all the rest. They in gom crude and absurd; but tbey are sacred, neral seat themselves snugly in the and dare not be touched by the profane boxes; but, on the occasion of a new per. hand of their servile editor, whose bu- forinance, they pervade the whole bouse, siness is only to extol to the skies, in fo give the greater force to their dicta. w lich he is assisted by the writer's po. These are editors and reporters of nervs

papers,

papers, to secure whose good offices, the certainly in the boxes, and in all parts inanagers give thein admissions gra- of the house, from the lowest to the tuitously for iheinselves and their friends. highest, persons who can judge of the “ Persons admitted gratis (said the Mas- merits of the drama; but of these, the ter of the Rolls in Ireland lately, on de- great proportion rather chuse to contine termining a case heard before him) are their opinion within their own circle, necessary appendages to the manager, than to testify the same in public by and necessary stuffing for a house. Une marks of applause or disapprobation, less they were so admitted, had acting Thus then it is not wonderful that the would go without any applause." Such aforesaid professional critics, being juwas the remark of that eminent and acute diciously stationed in the different paris legal characier, who stated, on the same of the iheatre, almost despotically reoccasion, that “he was early in life an gulate the success of a new piece, or a observer of the drama, from the highest new player. Sometimes, it is true, they point of observation; but as be giew cannot entirely carry this sway; a play is weigtier, le descended nearer the so bad, that the audience show their de. stage," Now these gratuitous visitors, cided judgment: it is to all appearance vinder the generalsbip of the reporters, condemned to oblivion. But here our give laws to all the rest, and decide, critics have another strong hoid, they are whether a play shall enjoy the public determined that it shall have its run, the applause, or be consigned to darnation, people must be forced to relish it in spite No feelings of compassion will move of themselves. While the bills of next their callous hearts towards an author day modestly announce its having been who has not the interest or means to in- “received by an overflowing audience simate himself into their good graces; or withi umanimous and unbounded thunders utio may perhaps be a formidable rival of applause;" in the reports of the more of those play-makers, whose cause they ing papers we find the piece as full of habitually advocate; and the same is the beauties, as on representation it was of case with a liew candidate who appears trash, and that “the symptons of dis. on the boards. So that the fate of the satisfaction expressed by a few india view piece, or actor, is pre-determined in viduals, with an evident hostility to Ilie court of criticism before their trial; the author, were drowned amidst the as has in former times been the practice plaudits of a judicious audience!" Every of judges of the land, especially where day the journalists declaim on the conculprits were to be tried for offences tinued and increasing applause which it against the existing government. ' experiences. The good-natured people

In the boxes, it is very unpolite for who go, cannot but in decency applaud iliose who pay to hiss, and almost as what, they are thus told from all quarters, much so to applaud ; unless it be some is and must be applauded; uil at length, sentiment expressive of the loyalty of the in the midst of its successful career, the day. Besides, persoi:s of fashion are play expires for want of food, its “ad. above attending a theatre for the sake iniring audiences" having shrunk to no. of the performance. Their time is more thing. appropriately employed in interrupting it A s to the unbiassed frequenters of the by their tonish chattering, and in the theatre supporting a good piece, against charms of seeing and being seen. The the hisses and clamours of the reporters, pit, formerly the judgment.seat of cric and the hostile bands planted in array ticism, is now filled with “ fat and greasy against it by its adversaries, it is abso chizens," and their wives and daughters, lutely impossible; and, if the first rate gaping at the play with the same sort of productions of a Shakespeare were to be avidity as the gods themselves; or spruce tried by that ordeal, all their merits shopmen, without any opinion of their would be of no avail. Were a Garrick own, and who are only vociferous when to appear on the stage with this host of they are tanght how to open, as young opponents, his most exquisite perfor dogs in a pack wait for the cry of the mance would not obtain for him a second leaders. The occupiers of the upper hearing; on the contrary, if a boy come regions, in general, are both loud and forward, puffed as a prodigy by the new sa forward enough to express their honest papers, he will be hailed and extolled as scutiinents; but their opinions are little such by the indiscriminating multitude, Gitended to, except in Pantomime, where while the more judicious few see that it they take a decisive lead. There are would be both unnecessary and ineffec:

tual tual to attempt prematurely to stop the cott, a Matthews, a Liston, and other public delusion.*

drolls of the day; nor, while a Jolinstone It may appear extraordinary, that the and an Emery tread the boards, can a diurnal critics should so well agree as new comedy be complete without an they do, in the sentiments they express; Irishman or a Yorkshireman.* This is but, when the system is known and con. evidently a great improvement, in as sidered, the wonder will vanish. The much as a coat made to measure will stage is at present occupied by a body always fit better than one made by of writers, whose talents are of a para chance. And as the comic characters ticular cast, and who have brought the just quoted, have all an intimacy with taste of the town to such a standard, that the reporters, the latter cannot well there is little danger of the intrusion of abuse the play without somewhat indramatists of a diferent description; and juring their friends, the players; unless accordingly, a new play, not built on the where they ihemselves, dissatisfied with present model, bas liccie chance of being their characters, go hand in hand with received by the managers, and if re- the critics to damn the piece. As the ceived, it would certainly be dainned lxy plays are thus suited to the performers, the critics. The mavagers, authors and so also are the sentiments adapted to the critics, therefore, all perfectly under times; and the expressions vulgarly de. stand each other, and combine to lead nominated clap-traps, seldom fail io atthe public to have their palates pleased tract the applause they demand, and not only by the style of cookery they set be. unfrequently give a temporary currency fore them. Indeed, the novelties of the to the whole.t day are so much of a character, that I do Thus, theatrical criticism is no difficult not despair, in the present high and im- task, and can hardly be misunderstood proving state of mechanics, of seeing when directed to those pieces and actors thern made to any pattern, by a steam which are the rage of the day. But, engine, on a construction somewhat si were a comedy with the merits of a milar to a barrel organ.

Congreve, a Vanbrugh, or a Farquhar, One advantage our dramatists emi. now to find its way before the tribunal, ncotly enjoy, namicly, that, besides all the we should be told, that the dialogue was glare and pomp of scenery, dresses, a:d obsolete, that the wit was altogether undecoration, they are sure to have their suitable to the taste of this age, and productions well performed, in their most wanted the point now so happily introprominent and attractive parts; the duced; that tire characters were deficient characters being drawn expressly to in colouring, that the plot was mere shew the abilities of a Munden, a Faw common-piace, and produced none of

those surprising situations which inva. This was the case with respect to riably captivate the audience in the com. Master Betty, denominated the young Ros. positions of a Reynolds, a Lewis, or a cius, and held as superior to any performer Dibdin; that the piece was in every reof any age. The crowds who pressed 10 spect unfit for representation, and that, witness with admiration the spouting of this

if it possessed any merit, it must be disa phenomenon, even for two seasons, were in

covered in the closet, should the author conceivable; and all was the work of the journalists, who, it is well known, had instructions to panegyrise him to the skies for * It would be unjust to these comedians a while, and then leave him to his fare. not to observe, that all of them are qualified Accordingly, on the third season, his trum- for better parts; and that, were mumming peters lowered their notes, and this modern not so much encouraged, their performance Phaëton fell from his height, never to rise would hetter please the judicious again. Ms. Kemble, and Mrs. Siddons, much + The play of Pizarro, notwithstanding to their credit, absolutely refused to sanction all the artifice and stage-tricks employed to this delusion, by appearing on the stage give it eclat, and all the puits of all the with the buy. Mr. Cumberland, who was papers, would never have enjoyed such an behind the scenes one of the first nights of immense run, had it not been for some exhis performance, exclaimed to those around pressions judiciously introduced in Rolla's him, “The damnedest huinbu3 I ever saw !** harangue to his troops, and which never Yet among the higher classes, and those who failed to attract the loudest applause, at a pretended to critical judgment, young Betty time when an excess of lovalty was so much could boast as many names of enthusiastic encouraged by the great, as to counteract the admirers as, a few years before, young Ire. less gratifying sentiments of the swinish mul. land could of firm believers in the auchen- titude, and induced Majesty itself to re-visit piuty of the Shakespeare manuscripts. Drury-lane, after an absence of years.

venture

venture the experiment of publication; it is possible that the very parts he steals, but that, on the whole, though the ma. may not be new to his readers. A ibenagers and audience should be indulgent atrical critic of high celebrity, when enough to let it drag on for a few nigbes, Mrs. Billington in 1801, or 1802, made it would soon be laid on the shelf and her first appearance at Covent Garden, forgotten for ever. *

alier her return from the continent, proThere is a practice which greatly fa- duced a cricique on her performance, cilitates the labour of the journalist in displaying the musical connoisseur in this department. The author obligingly sublime scientific language. With no sends to the different papers, what he little vanity did he ask a friend, who calis the Piot. This is highly proper, lrappened to call on bim, his opinion of and equally advantageous to the critic this precious morceau. His visitor une and his readers; because many of the fortunately had been dipping into Bur. fnodern drainas are so constructed, that ney's History of Music, and no less Uilwithout such a key, the audience would fortunately that work was stuck up be. be at a loss to comprehend the business. fore his eyes ir, a book-case. Without But although the critic may safely saying a syllable, he handed down the copy this sketch, and also exhibit such volume, and produced the identical pas. benuties as the author, who knows sage verbatim, to the no small mortie best where to discover them, may point fication of the plagiarist, who begged him, out; yet let him not raslly altempt to for God's sake, to be mute. improve it, because, the plot being per. It is a shameful indoience in the waps as incomprehensible to him, as to editors of erening papers, that they selthe rest of the audience, he may, by dom or never think it worth their while what he deems improvement, totally to give an original criticisin; but serpervert the dramatist's meaniny. This vilcly copy the accounts and opinions of observation, of course, applies only to the Tinies, the Chronicle, the Post, or those complicated plays with which the whatever morning paper their caprice stage now teens, containing much a-do leads them to follow. This is the more about nothing, and of rvhich mystcry and inexcusable, as these editurs hare liktor obscurity are the chief ingredients. wise gratuitous admissions, and the perThere are picces, however, that receive formances take place at the vers une of abundant plaudiis, so very simple as to the day when itieir other professional have no plot at all, their success de- duties least require their attendance. Ic pending on other aids. Bayes .ob. must be acknowledged a bore to sit out served, that he deemed a plot of no use most new plays; but they should not be but to introduce good things. How altogether above the drudgery wirich their much then is that eminent dramatist brethren of the morning journals, or excclled by those play.wrights of the their assistants, are obliged io undergo. nineteenth century, who introduce their The Sunday papers, with very few Food things: viz. puns and practical exceptions, are guilty of this practice; jokes without any plot at all?

but they should be inore careful than Soincimes a newspaper critic is am- they sometimes are. Houd inerpertus bitious to excel bis cotemporaries, and loquor. When I was concerned in a for that purpose he calls to his aid the Sunday paper, an old play was advertised remarks of his predecessors in that de. for the Saturday evening's entertainment, partment, or books of criticisin where he knowing well both the play and the Sinds passages which he thinks may actors, I, without going near the theatre, apply to the case before siin. Unless wrote half a column of remarks 013 ils he has sense enough not to borrow re- performance. Now although these remarks that are not better than his own, inarks would probably have been juste dhe plagiarison will be easily discovered had the piece heer; acies; yet as it had from the difference of the style. Besides, been suddenly changed for someihing

else, my critique had a very awkward An admirable satire on newspaper cri

appearance to those who were present,

or knew the fact. But iny obscrvations ticism is to be found in Cumberland's Obberver. It is the supposed critique of a daily

being perfectly innocent, had no farther paper, on Othello, the morning after its first bad consequence; wliercas a gentleman, performance, in which this exquisite tragedy now deceased, who conducted another is, with great humour, so criticised as to shew weekly paper, not only fell into a similar how the very best drama may be turned into error, but made such a virolent and ull. ridicule.

justifiable attack on the suppred per

tuxmance

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