Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

1651.- London Dock, 19711. to 1981.-Ditto Scrip, %51. per cent. premium... Commercial Dock old shares, 1591. with new share attached.--- Albion Assurance, 541.-Globe, 1901. to 1201. 10s Rock, 183. premium.-- East London Water. Workis, 1601.-Grand Junction ditto, 101. 105 premium.-London Institution, 681. 55.-Strand Bridge 121. ciscount. London Flour Company, 81.-Dover-street-road, 11. premium. -Compiercial Road, 1351. per çeuf. ex half-yearly dividend 31.

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.

APRIL.
..Budding month.
Emblem of life! see changerul April sail

In varsing ve c along the shadowy skies,

Now bidding, summer's softest zephyrs rise,
Anon recall ng winter's story gale,

And pouring from the cloud her sudden hail. ON the 1st of the month the wind was south-east; on the ed westerly; on the 3d north. P. west, and afterwards south-west; on the 4th and 5th easterly; on the 6'h east, and southeast; on the 7th north-east; on the 8th and 9th easteriy; on the 10th variable; from the 11th to the 16th westerly; in the afternoon of the 17th souch ; on the 18th west; on the 19th south.cast, and afterwar's south-west ; on the 20th and 21st southerly; on the 240 southeast; on the 230 and 24th south west; on the 25th variable; on the 261h and 27th westerly; on the 28th south, and south west; and on the 29th and 30tn westerly.

There have been very few stormy days during the present month On the 12 h we had strong winds.; in the morning of the 19th fresh gales, and in the following nighie a heavy equall wich rain. The night of the 20ch was also squally; and the morning of the 19th was stormy. We had rain, inore or less, on the 4th, Oth, 7th, 10th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 26th, 285h, 29th, and 30th.

April 3d. This was a beautifully bright and warm day. The bloom-buds upon the fruit trees have been considerably enlarged within the last few days, and promise a great profusion of blossom.

April 4th. Fine, gentle rain nearly the whole day.

April 6th. Some of the swallow tribe are arrived. Three or four were seen Aving about near the surface of the river, apparently in pursuit of insects. The great body of swallows and martins will not, however, make their appearance probably in much less than a week from this tirre.

In the nights of the 7th, 8th, and Sch, we had very sharp frosts, which will tend greatly to check the progress of vegetation. It may be fortunate for the ensuing fruic-season that vers litt'eindeed of the bloom is yet expanded.

April 11th. Gudgeons spawn.

April 13th The cuckvo-Rower (cardamina pratensis), wall. Aower (cbeirant bus che ri), dog's mercury (mercurialis perennis), wild strawberry (fragaria vesca), cow'slip (Primula veris), ground ivy (g!ccoma bederacea), red nettle (pedicularis sylvatica), and harebell (Scilla nutans of Smith), are now in fluwer.

April 17th. The cherry-tree is in bloom. Gooseberry and currant trees are in full leaf, as are likewise the elder and liine. The leaves of the hazel, and the sloe and hawthorn appear.

The swallows and martins are all arrived.
April 18ch. The mountain ash is in leat. "
April 19th. Apple trees are in bloom.
Young rooks are heard, and the titlark sings.

April 29th. The hedges are beginning to appear green. The flower-buds of the hawthorn are seen.

April 21st. There was much lightning in the night.

April 23d. This was a fine and hot day, in every respect like what we have in the middle of summer, the wint of verdure and foliage excepted. Flesh-Hies buzz about; and the common house-flies are nearly as numerous as in the summer.

The flowers of sheep's sorrel (rumex acetose!!a), and ribwoit plantain (plantago lanceolata), colour all the dry sandy pastures.

Germander speedwell (verunica ebamedrys), procumbent speedwell (veronica agressis), . sweet-scented vernal-grass. (anthoxantbum odoratum), clammy mouse ear (cerastium viscosum), upright pearlwort (sagına erecta), and soft leaved crane’s-bill (geranium meile), are in flosser.

Eleta cinereus, and several species of moths of the subdivision sinea, appeare Female wasps, also now fiy about.

April 25th. Hedge roses are in lcaf. The May.fly, and some species of phryg4rea havo issued from their chrysalids.

Perch have retired to the smooth waters to spawn among the weeds.

April 28ch. So powerful were the sun-beams in the middle of this day, that sheep were compelled to retire into the shade.

April Soth. Cock-chaffers fly in the evening.

There has been much rain in the country westward of us. 'The rivers are muddy, and in some places out of their banks.

Hampsbire.

MONTILY BOTANICAL REPORT. TOUR numbers of the BOTANISI'S REPOSITORY have been published, since we lut I noticed this work : we shall devote the present Report to a notice of the contents of these.

Anncslea spinosa, so called by Dr. Roxburgh in honour of the Right Honourable George Asgesley Viscount Valentia, who, we are here told, ".discovered this plant growing in the Gagra river in Oude, and a'su about Chittagong," For discovered we suppose we are to under stand saw, for specimens of this plant were brought by Sir George Staunton, from the province of Kinang, in China, upon his return from his embassy to chiis courtry, long before Lord a. Jeoria commenced his travels in India. We have not, however, the smallest objection to the name; for, when the Magnates concern themselves at all about natural history, more especially wben they undertake laborious travels, with a view of acquiring knowledge therein, we should be sorry to deprive chem of an iota of their honorary rewards; and we are pleased to see the most magnificent plants devoted to the record of a fame, so much more meritorious, than that of shining in the annals of the Racing Calendar, or the petty is. trigues of a borough election. This is altogether a curious article about Nyonphs and Naiades, not more conspicuous for their beauty and elegance, than for their mildness ; * and about Anneslea, panther-like, uniting the extremes of beauty and ferocity. We cane Do: suppose the author is slily insinuating any similarity between his Lordship and his plant, between Annesley and Anueslea. But it gives him an opportunity of introducing something about the armour of vegetables, in which the different kinds are amusingly jumbled together in an unusual figure in rhetoric, in inverted bathos, “ from the almost imperceptible bair decor to the lacerated thorn;" and about the browsing of camels, asses, and goals; and about hoping to see the magnificent foliage of Anneslea, “ mantling our ponds." The reasoning, however, on which our author grounds his hopes of our being able to paturalize a tropical production to our climate, is not very convincing. “ Have we 1106, ** he exultingly exclaims, “ already taught the Thea, the Camellia, the Tokio, the Mou. tan, the Yulan, to resist our winters," Now it unforturately happens that we have not taught one of these plants to bear cold a jot better than they did ages ago, in the imperiai gardens at Pekin. We have indeed, had the good sense co discover, chat, being natives of climes equally sigid with our own, it was not necessary to confine them to the stove.

We have been so entertained withihis article, that we could not withstand the temptation or amusing our readers wi'h parts of it ; but we must not forget to say something serious of this very curious kind of water lily, which has Howered st White Knight's, the seat of the Marquis of Blandford. The flowers according to the figure are but small, in proportion to the immense size of the foliage, sometimes six or eight feet in circumictence, the pe:als are blue, the calyx green on the outside, and red within.

Eu zenia zeylanica ; from Boyton, the seat of A. R. Lambert, esą. It is one of the one tural order of myrti. A curious observation is here made concerning the germen, which contains sixteen ovula, though the fruit admits of only one seed coming to perfection.

Schinus dentata ; a native of Owhyhe, and sufficiently Irardy to thrive well in a shel. tered situation in the open ground, and even to produce ripe seeds in favourable seasons, if trained against a wall.

Jussieua exaltata ; The cattu calambu of the hortus malabaricus, v. 2, p. 97, 150, a new species introduced from the East Indies by Dr. Roxburgh, and communicated to the author by Mr. Lambert, from his seat at Boyton.

Leptospermum scoparium, pative of New Zealand, and one of the most beautiful of the natural order of the myrti, from that quarter, from the number and duration of its flowers, It was found also by Captain Cook to be very useful, and is the shrub described by bini in his second voyage, under the name of the tea plant.

Ardisia elegans ; native of Pulo- Pinang, where it grows in moist situations, and by the sides of rivulets : introduced by Mr. Evans, of Stepney, in 'whose stove it attained the height of nearly five feet. This species appears not to have been before described. Lores awsiralis. A plant we have before mentioned from the Botanical Magazine.

Barteria

Barleria cristata. Barieria corpe's very near to justicia; even two of the four stamens are Nearly abortive. This plane is likewise from Mr. Evans's collection, as are the three

following:

.

Geudorum eitrinum, á delicate plant of the family of the orchidere.

Begonia evansiana ; said to be discovered by Mr. Evans's collector in the island of Pulo. Pinang. We believe, however, that this plant lias been long in the collection at Kew.

Clerodendrum dyramidale; supposed to be a new species, also from Pulo-Pinang. Volka. meria and Clerodengrum are very unsatisfactorily defined, and several species seem to have been indiscriminately referred to either genur.

Desmanthus natans of Wildenow; Mimosa matans of Roxburgli's Coromandel plants; Neptunia natans of Loureiro. To the character, as here given from Wildenow, the flowering Sp kes of this plan' do no: correspond, being neither oblong, nor interrupted, but oval ani compact: The ruote in Mimosa natans have no attachment whatever to the soil, but are produced in fibrous bunches along the stems, which are likewise furnished with a sponge. like substance as it is called, but which must be more of the nature of cork than sponge, for the purpose of preventing the plant from sinking in the water. There is no appearance either of the roots or of this buoyant cork in the figure, nor any mention made of it in the Nescription, nor of its mide of growth. These circumstances leave some doubt in the mind whether the plant here figured be really the Mimosa natans of Roxburgh, or the Neptunia mtans of Loureiro. The specimen from which the drawing was taken, was communicated by Mr. Milne from Mr. Beckford's collection, at Fonthill.

Ardisia liitwalis, discovered on the shores of Pulo-Pinang by Mr. Evans's collector, and introduced at the same time with Ardisia elegans above mentioned. This is probably the mame as Ardisia solanacea uf Roxburgh.

Styrax officinale. An old, but still a rare, shrub in our gardens. . Cytisus elongatus. The first account we have of this elegant species, is in the rare plants

Hungary, published by Count Waldstein and Dr. Kitabel. Introdgced to this country By the indefatigable and skilful, curator of the botanic garden at Cambridge.

Liatris odoratissima. Introduced by the late Mr. Fraser, of Sloine-square, from North America. This intrepid and Zealous traveller has at last senk under the infirmities induced by his laborious exertions in the acquisition of new plants. Jis value consists in the fragrance of the dried foliage, exactly resemb ing that of the Tonguin bean, and equally durable. Being a native of South Carolina, our summers seem to have too little sun to bring it into fower. The drawing was made from a specimen which bloome: in Mr. Lambert's stove at Boyton, As a Aiwering plant, it is not superior to our common beinp agrimony, which it somewhat resembles; but if it should thrive well in the open air, and produce its foliage heely, it will prove a very valuable acquisition.

Peliosanthes bumilis ; a diminutive species from Mr. Evans's Collection, native of Pinang.

Celosia cornua ; a new species, introduced from the East Indies by Dr. Roxborgh. It is a very ornamental annual, and may be raised with our Cockscombs and Balsams. To the for mer it has a near affinity, but is more elegant in its growth.

Ipomea insignis. This must splendid bindweed has been for some years cultivated in the store of Mr. Beayon, at Englefield, where it extends over the trellis work for about thisty fest, producing numerous bunches of large bell-shaped flowers, or a purplish colour, with a stark centre. lle native country and time of introduction are totally unknown. We have been infornied that it was long erroneously supposed to be the Wev Indian yam.

i The second part of the tenth volume of the Transactions of the Linnxan Society is just published.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. SOWING the spring corn being generally finished, the farmers have been since busied in

working their fallows, providing manure, wecding their wheats, and hoeing drilled crops, The turnip fallows never worked more kindly, nor promised a fines vilch. Some forward Rutabaga, or Swedish turnips, are already above ground, and very strong plaats. Clovers, and artificial grasses, are under the scythe, for the first crop of green food.

It is probable, the wheats never before exhibited a more universally promising appearance than in the present season, since there must necessarily always be sume drawbacks. Thus, as has been before stated, a part of the wheat crop, chiefly upon ordinary light lands and cold clays, was injured for want of a cover of snow in the winter, and the wire-worm did after. wards considerable damage; upon such land, the wheat 'planted thin; but so favqurable has been the succeeding spring, that the luxuriant tittering, or branching of the plants, may produce an ample crop of corn. . Beans, pease, barley, potatoes, hops, are equal in appearance to any thing ever witnessed by the oldest farmer living; the same in face may be said of all the productions of the soil. The grass promises a forward crop, and the botions will be greate

The forwardness of keep abroad has been extremely fortunate, considering the short stock of old hay.

In the north, the weather was very severe during the early part of the spring, but has been since so favourable that the Lent corn was got in very early, in the best cultivated districts of Scotland, and their crops wear the finest appearance. Some complaints are made in the north, of damage to the fruit-crops; also in the south, where however the damage is partial; aod from the immense quantity of blossom, of no great account. Good wbeat begins to run short, in those counties, which have su liberally supplied the London taarket. Live stock in general dearer, piks excepted.

Smithfield : Beei, 5s. Oj. to 6s. 4d.-!-Muttun, 5s. 44. to 6s. 03. ; Veal, 68. to 6s. 61.;Lamb, 103. to 1s. 1d. per lb.;— Pork, 5s.6d, to 7s.'4d.;-Bacon, os. 8d. to 75. 2d.-Irish ditto, 45. 60. to 53. 8d. ;-Fat, Ss 6d.; -Skins, 15s. to 255.-Oil cake, 181.

Middlesex, April 25, 1811.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (Obseroalions on the State of the l'euther, from the 24th of April, 1811, to the ne 24th of May, 1811, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. St. Paul's... Barometer.

Thermometer. Highest, 29.77. May 6. Wind West.

Highest, 70° May 13 and 18. Wind S.E. Lowest, 29:00. April 28. - South, Lowest, 440 5 - W...

Greatest ) 35 hunvariation in dreths of 24 hours. an inch

This sort of vari.

I Greatest 2
ation has occurred

| variation in ļ 8°
several times this
month.

24 hours.

· In the morning ok The 12th, the mercury was at 520, and at the same hour on the 13th it was 60%.

The quantity of rain fallen since our last Report, has been considerable; the number of days in which it has rained, either in greater or less quantities, is equal to 21, and the quan vity measored by the rain-gauge, is equal to tull 5] inches in 'depth. Thunder and lightning have been more frequent 'than usual for the month of May, they follow, of course, the , sultry weather, which has been some days experienced. On the 16th the noise of distant thunders was incessant from noon to four o'clock in the afternoon, and on the 29d in the evening, the storm raged for a short time with considerable fury, till a heavy rain seemed to clear the atmosphere.

The wind has been most frequent in the westerly points, though this is the season when we look principally to the cast for winds. Vegetation is remarkably forward, and Large quantities of grass have been cut for more than a week, but, owing to the Heavy rains which have continued almost from day to day, there is probably not a single load carried. Dry and warm weatber is now wanted to complete and accomplish what a favourable spring has brought forward. As far as our recollection serves, this is the most early spring sinie The year 1794,when pease were cried in the streets of London, on the 19th of May, at eighieda pence the peck.

Higbgate, May 24, 1811.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

N.B. Numbers 74 and 83 of The Monthly MAGAZINE being out of Print, and uunied to coniplete Sets constantly in demand, Two SMULLINGs and SIXPESCE per Copy will be given for any of those Numbers which may be brought to No. 7, New Bridge Street,

Pimlico, May 29, 1811.

ERRATA, In page 402, for “the stones in three columns,” read " in these columns."-In p. 414, for "external characteristics," read “ external rbaracters, "In p. 406, for " sunite,"iend i pecin."

lden, for “ soft marble," read “ soit marle."

MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. 214.]

JULY 1, 1811. [6 of VOL. 31.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making converts, and of giving their Opinions 2 Maximum of

1o Aucace and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Mifcellany will repay with the greatch Licit tila Curiosity of thure who read either for Amusement or Inarudios.-JOHNSON.

THE SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER. Hitherto our Supplementary Number hus been purtly occupied with imperfect critical

accounts of current English literature, confessedly and nécessarily compiled from those fallible, partial, and corrupt mediums, the periodicul anonymous Reviete, uided by occasional originality; in future, however, it is proposed to substitute in place of those wholesale criticisms, interesting charucteristic ertructs from the prina cipal works published within the half yeur, adapted at once to gratify our reuders, to qualify them to judge of every work for themselves, and to stimulate theme to pur. chase those possessed of cvident merit. The Supplement published on the first of August, will be compiled on this plan; and, to assist our design, we shall fecl oure selves obliged to authors and publishers, who will accommodate us with the loan of books published between Michaelmus and Lady-day last,

Pimlico, May 8, 1811.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.
For the Monthly Magazine.

i
'

o delicati membri, ò viva-a face,

C'h' ancor mi cuoggi & struggi in genoj MANUSCRIPTS in the imperIAL LIBRARY

chione at PARIS. .

Ciascun preghi il Signor tauetri in Pasc. N URING the short peace of 1801-2, Mortal bellega indarno si suspira

U the editor of the Monthly Maga- L'olma beaca in ciel vivra in eterno zine made arrangements for presenting Pianga el pute e il futur secul priva to his readers, extracts from the curious D'una tal luce : & io de gli occhi è il tempo. historical inanuscripts contained in the

TRANSLATION. National Library at Paris, particularly HERE do the pure and chaste remains re. from those relating to English affairs,

pose, The revolution and its wars, having been Of her who shone unequalled on the earth: the means of bringing together these in. Stone hard and cruel, how dost thou inclose teresting remains, from public and pri True honour, virtue, beauty, fame, and vate collections, and religious houses in

worth! every part of France, Flanders, and Death, murd'rous death, has nipp'd the Italy, such extracts could not have failed sweetest plant, to prove interesting to the public; but

The blooming Laura, cause of all my the friendly relations of the two countries,

sighs.

For twenty years and longer would she haunt baving been so unexpectedly interrupted,

My melancholy thoughts; but now she the plan was arrested, and the only

lies, papers received by the editor were the The prey of death, deep in the hollow tomb!

She lived, she died; and now like her une

following:

seen,

A PAPER FOUND IN THE TOMB OF LAURA,
WHEN OPENED BY ORDER OF FRANCISI.

AT AVIGNON.
QUI riposan quei caste & felicia ossa

W Di quell alma gentile, & sola in terra
Aspro & dur sasso hor ben tero hai sotterra
E'l vero honor, la fama & belta scosse
Morte hà del verde Lauro suelta & mossa
Fresca raduce, e il premio di mia guerra
Di quattre lustrie più --s'ancor non era
Mio pensier tristo-e'l chiude in poca
Felice pianta in borgo d' Avignone
Nacque & mori: & qui con ella giace
La penna, e'l stil, l'inchiostro & la ragione
* AlontulY Dlac, No. 214.

Wit, genius, eloquence, all share her doom.
Oh! charms divine! On! sad rensembrance

keen,
That still consumes my mind, by sorrow

torn! May heaven in peace receive her sainted

soul! In vain for mortal beauty do we mourn • There shall she live, while years eternal

roll. Yet while in tears our woes find some relief, Ages to come, shall envy us our grief. We weep a loss our sons can never know : c'er can exist again so just a Cause of woe. 3T

II.

« ZurückWeiter »