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be worked, a connection being made be. , towards the points, in order to prevent tween the said axis and the poinp, by the pen from sputtering. any of the well-known methods. The Jotatory motion is produced by a piece of MR. DAVID MATTHEY's, (ROTHERNITHE) mechanism called the fly, and which is for an improved Method of Building drawn through the water by the motion Locks, and for Opening and Shulling or the ship, and is made to inove round the same. by the re-action of that liuid, or other. The objects of this invention are as wise; in case the ship be at anchor in a follow: to render the construction of current or stream, the direct action of locks and lockegates less expensive than the water produces the same effect. The they have been heretofore; to dininish Sy is made of wood, or other suitable me the pressure of the water upon the gates; terial, and may be constructed after the to render the locks less liable to be blown manner of the sails of the windmill or up, and to work the gates with less labour smoke-jack, or of any other form that than has been necessary heretofore. sball present oblique surfaces to the rela. The form of each of the lock-gates, in. tive action of the Muid, so as to cause it stead of being, as usual, square or obto revolve upon the principle of those long, will be such that the depths of the machines: the said fly is.connected with gates will increase from the hanging-post the aftermost end of ibe horizontal axis, to the meeting-post, making the lower by means of a spar, or chain of metallic edge a straight line, or curved line, de. rods, or a rope; and flexibility is given scending from the lower end of the hang. to those parts of the gear wherever it may ing-post to the lower end of the meeting. be necessary, by means of universal post: by this means the construction of joints, &c. The patentee adds, that his the gates is less expensive, from their not apparatus may be used to work the requiring to be equally strong, and not pumps of ships, and other vessels, by ex- taking so much timber; also the pressure posing the fly of proper dimensions to · of the gates is inuch diminished, on acthe action of the wind instead of water. count of the surface exposed to the Buid

being less, and by that means the presHR. BRYAN DONKIN'S, (BERMONDSEY,) sure against the side walls is also less for a Pen of new Constructiun.

than in the case of the common lockThis invention applies to metallic pens, gates. The gates will shut against a sill which are considered by the patentee as in the form of the lower edge of the gates, a great iniprovement on those made from which silf will project a litile way beyond quills, inasmuch as they will last long the termination of the body of the lock, without mending, and as the writing proso as to receive with the hollow quoins duced from them will be more uniformly the whole pressure of the gates." "The the same than that produced by pens that body of the lock will terminate on each require frequent repairing. The pens on side in a plane parallel, or nearly so, to the this construction are not cylindrical, but gates on that side when shut, at a conve the sides are flat or nearly so, in order nient distance from the gate. The lower that they may ensily and pleasantly spring edges of the gates, instead of running on back from pressure when used, and rea. a platform, will move a little above a surdiiy return to their first situation, whate face of brick or stone, which in form has ever may be the description of the cha. the figure which is swept out by the lower racters of the writing therewith to be per- edges of the gates in opening, but is

formed. The said sides are made in placed a little below them. If the lower · separate pieces, and then fixed in a tube edge of the gate be in a straight line, it

or pipe, in an angular position, so as to will be a regular conical surface; if a constitute a pen. They may, however, curved line it will be a 'curved conical be made in one piece ; and, for the pur- surface; by this means the body of the pose of obtaining a variable degree of lock and the sill form an arch, terminating elasticity to the pen, two pieces of wire in a groin archi, the strength of which is are introduced into the cavity formed opposed to any effort of the water to between the flat sides of the pen and the blow up the lock. Upon this surface a outer tube, which give less or more elastic circular rib of iron is raised, having the city, or make a softer or harder pen as same centre with that on which the gate they are drawn backward or forward turns; on this rib the gate will turn by upon the sides : and those parts of the means of a roller. The rib will be most flat sides opposed to each other, and conveniently placed, so as to be always forming the slit of the pen, rather thicker under the centre of gravity of the gate,

and

and motion will be communicated to the The rack may be fastened to the bottom patè, by means of a pinion, and rack of the gate, and may be supported by segroent, whose centre will also be the rollers running on the circular rib, concentre of the gate's motion. One end of tinued into the wall as far as necessary; the rack segoient will be fastened to the or the rack may be fastened to the centre back of the gate, the other end will run of the pressure of the gate, and may be into the wall, by means of a culvert, constructed of wood and iron, or ironi having a corresponding circular direction cast irollow, so as to be as nearly as may to meet the pinion, which will be turned be of the specific gravity of the water.. by a capstan at the surface of the ground,

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Extracts from the Portfolio of 4 Nlan of Letters.
PRENCU EXECUTIONS.

national courage, &c. The latter oba q ue method of shortening the pains served, “ that a Scotchman dare show

I of death when hanging, as prace his front where an Englishman dare not Lised in France, bad a truly tragi-comic show his rear." “That is very true," effect. Every culprit had a separate gala replied the wit, “ because an Englishman lows, made like a gibbet. The culprit has more modesty in his than a ascended before the executioner, who, Scotchman has in his face." having adjusted the cap and the rope,

KRIMSTONE, the bands being already fastened before . An out-rider to a druggist, being in the culprit one under the other, pushed Bristol, was recommended to a person him off the ladder, and stepped into his who was said to deal very largely in the hands, took hold of each shoulder, and article of brimstone. He waited upon wriggled the body violently to and fro him, expatiated at length on the superior till it was lifeless. A wit observed, on quality of his brimstone, and wished for this, that the French were so fond of an order. The doctor, surprised, assured dancing, that they made their criminals him he was mistaken, he did not deal go a.capering into the other world, in the article, being a minister of the

THE SCOTCH AND TRISI, gospel, and complained of the insult : The Liliputians despised all the world offered him; adding, that if the rider but their own little island. The Wha, would coine to his shop in the evening, want-me-trafters, a nation of Indians tu he would furnish himn with a large stock the North, hold the Liliputians in so of spiritual brimstone. huile estimation, that they would scalpi

SCOTCH COURAGE. chetu all for a bawbee, and sell their "Scotchmen will face the enemy; they. king into the bargnin, for French claret will meet death at the point of the bayoand brandy. The. Erin-go-brahş, gnon pet and the cannon's mouth!" "Yes,". ther nation of lodians, united now to the observed a wit, " they prefer death to Liliputians and Wha-want-me-trotters, the chance of returning to their barren preler a potatoe, salt, and liberty, to all native country.” the forced meat of an union, .

WAR.
SCOTCH MODESTY.

Why don't the people petition against I was in company with a wit, and a wars in their coininenceinent, ratbed Scotclicgan; the conversation (urged upon the towarde their close? L'ils ndiku

might have been prevented by a philan, Rodwell, and lived by her industry. Her thropic foresight, fall as a punishment father gare her but 100l. or 1501, when upon them for their selfishness and she married, so that she was indebted to cupidity after the mammon of unrighte- her merit for her celebrity. ousness.

· The following is the song once so HONOURS FOR GENTLEMEN. When I was in Kentucky, in the year

popular : 1794. an Irishman of the name of Who has e'er been at Baldock must needs MCoy, who had formerly been a shoe

know the mill black, but had become wealthy, hap

At the sign of the Horse, at the foot of the

hill, pened to say, that there ought to be a Where the grave and the gay, the clown and distinction between gentlemen and me. The beau. chanics. The populace were not hacke without all discinction promiscuously go. A ward in improving the lint, by parading him in effigy, with all the paraphernalia The man of the mill had a daughter so fair, of his ofiice; and concluded ihe cere. With so pleasing a shape, and su winning af inony by the purifying honours of a bone fire. ..

" That once on the hay-field's green bank as I THE MAID OF BALDOCK. , This celebrated rustic beauty was

I thought she was Venus just sprung from

the flood. pained Mary Cornwall, and was married about nine or ten years to Henry Leo. But looking again, I perceiv'd my mistake, hard, a carpenter, of Baldock. She has For Venus, though 'fair, has the look of a been dead between thirty and forty : rake; years, and lies buried in Baldock church while nothing but virtue and modesty fill yard, where the writer has seen her The more beautiful looks of the lass of chc grave-stone. Sire was of the middle mill. ; : . size, and a fair, good-looking, woman. Prometheus stole fire, as the poets do say, Slie had one daughter, married to Joseph To enliven the mass he had modellid of clay; Green, a cooper, of Harlow-bush, in Had Mary been with him, the beam of her Essex. She died of a quinsy, from her eye jnability to swallow. The song was pód Had sav'd him the trouble of robbing the sky, pular in her own days, and she frequent. Cinder By avoided market-places and fairs, where

Since first I beheld this dear lass of the mill, it was constantly sung by ballad-singers. All day and all night I sigh and think still

I can never be quiet, do whate'er I will i She used to be engaged to work at plain- I shall die if I have not the lass of the mill, work in the family of Mr. Pyni,' at

stood,

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PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.

ROYAL INSTITUTION. ventures to attack the error's which have TO circumstance is of inore frequent been consecrated by time. IV occurrence in the history of sci. . When the phlogistic system of cheence, wr more to be regretted, than the mistry was overthrown by that of La. powerful influence of great names in re voisier, the chemists of France were tarding the progress of knowledge. The joined by the philosophers of every part young student of nature, in the course of Of Europe, and fortified by a new noBis inquiries and experiments, frequently menclature, their theory seeined to bid meets with facts at variance with re- defiance to all the attempts which were ceived systems, and suspects the 'evi- made to oppose its authority. Fortudence of lús senses, or the correctness nately for the cause of science, a young of his observations, when they lead to pbilosopher, Mr. Dary, appeared about conclusions that oppose the principles on the 'saine period, who, byt steadily which these systems are founded. The pursuing the hints which the discoveries fear of ridicule frequently prevents hiin of Bennet and Volta bád uttered, apv from pursuing his inquiries; and ayés pears to have arrived at a station froin perhaps pass away before some one inore whence the arrangements of matter, and courageous traces the same patb, and the operations of chemical ngency, pre

sent

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