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case," replied a Swiss merchant, “the have been drawn from every other part inbabitants must all be slaves. Upon of Europe." A fat Dutch merchant, Iny soul, it is a poor country!" A Prus. purveyor to the Prussian army in the last sian Hussar officer, who was coolly war, replied, “How can you call a smoaking his pipe, took it gravely from country cursed which is covered with so his mouth, and said, with a firm voice, many blessings? The king of Prussia « No person is so great as the king of did well to conquer Silesia; it is the Prussia. He delivered Silesia from the brightest jewel in his crown, I should yoke of Austria and ber nobles. I re. prefer a rood of ground here to a thoumember, when I was encamped here sand acres in the Mark of Brandenfour years ago. What fine fields for fight, burgh." ing! I would establish my magazine in Disputing in this manner, we arrived the castle, and my artillery on the ter. at Breslaw, and alighted at a very good races I would line the river with my inn. While waiting for dinner, the coninfantry, put my cavalry at the wings; versation turned upon the owner of the and with thirty thousand men I would castle we had just passed. The Saxon defy all the forces of the empire. Long clergynian assured us he was a mislive Frederick !" Scarcely had he re- creant, who commanded the Prussian semed his pipe, when a Russian officer artillery at the siege of Dresden; that he took up the conversation. “I would had destroyed with his poisoned bombs pot," said he, “live in a country which, that unfortunate city, part of which was like Silesia, is open to all armies. Our still in ruins, and that he had acquired Cossacks ravaged it last war; and, had it his estates by contributions raised in not been for the regulars who prevented Saxony. “ You are mistaken," ré. them, they would not have left a cottage plied the baron, “ he got them by his standing. It is worse at present. The marriage with an Austrian countess, who peasants may complain against their lords made a bad match of it. His wife has for this. The citizens have even greater most reason to complain. None of his privileges in their municipality. I like children can enter into any of the noble the environs of Moscow much better." orders of Gerinany, because their A young student of Leipsic thus an- father was only a soldier of fortune." swered the two officers: “ Gentlemen, "What you say," replied the Prussian how can you speak of war in so charming Hussar,“ does him honour, and he a place? Give me leave to tell you would be amply rewarded now in Prusthat the very name of Silesia comes from sia, if he had not left the king's service Campi Elisei, the Elysian Fields. It at the peace. He is an officer that would be better to exclaim with Virgil, cannot shew hiinself any more." The “O Lycoris, hic tecum consumerer ævo! landlord, who was spreading the cloth -0, Lycoris ! "here with you could I on the table, said: " Gentlemen, I see calmly wait for my dissolution." As you are unacquainted with the officer of these words were pronounced with whom you are speaking ; he is a man warmth, a pretty little milliner from loved and revered by all the world: there Paris, whom the ennui of the journey is not a beggar in all his domains. Al had lulled to sleep, awoke, and, at the though a catbolic, he relieves poor trasight of so charming a prospect, ex vellers, let them he of whatever country claimed in her turn: "Ali, what a de or religion they may. If they are Saxlicious country! it wants nothing but ons, be lodges and feeds them for three Frenchmen !" " What do you sigh for?” days, as a compensation for the injury said she to a young Jewish rabbi, who he was obliged to do them during the was sitting by her side. “Do you see, war. He is adored by his wite and said the Jewish doctor, “that mountain children.” “You ought to know," said there with its lofty peak; it resembles the Protestant ciergymnan to the landMount Sinai.” All the company here lord, “ that there is neither charity nor burst into laughter; but an old Protestant virtue in his communion. All he does clergyman from Erfurt, in Saxony, con- is pure hypocrisy, like the virtues of tractiny his brows, said angrily: “Si- pagans and papists." We had amongst Jesia is a cursed country, because the us some catholics, who would have raised truth is banished from it. It is under a terrible dispute when the landlord took the yoke of popery. You will see at the his place at the top of the table, acentrance of Breslaw the palace of the cording to the custom of Germany. A ancient dukes of Silesia, which is now profound silence reigned during dinner; inhabited by a college of Jesuits, who and every one ate and drank like a tra
veller, veller: we farer sumptuously; peaches, to the lady a great leather bowl, who grapes, and melons, were served up as filled it to the brin, wbich he drank at & dessert. The landlord desired lsis wife one draught. “ Come," said she, to bring (between dinner and tea) some " what are you thinking about, doctor bottles of Champagne wine, with which, the country which produces such good he said, he would regale the company, in wine? Is it not as good as the Land of konour of the owner of the castle, to Promise?” “Without doubt," replied whom he was under particular obliga- he, with a siniling air, “all wine must tions. The bottles were then brought, be good when poured out by such fair and putting them before the French hands." “Do you not wish," said she, milliner, he begged her to do the honours. "that your Messiah were born in France, Joy beamed in every countenance, and in order that he might there assemble the conversation becanie sprightly. My his tributaries from all parts of the countrywoman presented the landlord world. “ May it please God!" replied with the first glass of his wine, saying, the Israelite; “but he must previously that she had been as well treated by make the conquest of Europe, where we bim as in the best inn at Paris, and that are at present so miserable. Our Messhe never knew a Frenchman who sur siah must be another Cyrus, who will passed him in gallantry. The Russian force the different nations of the earth to officer now admitted that there was live in peace with each other, and with more fruit at Breslaw than at Moscow, the whole human race." “God grant He compared Silesia to Livonia for fer- it !” exclaimed most of the company. tility; and he added, that the liberty of I admired this variety of opinions the peasant made a country be better among people who disputed so violently cultivated, and their lords happier. The before they sat down to dinner, and astronomer observed, that Moscow was agreed so cordially before they rose from very nearly in the same latitude as Breso it. I concluded, that man is wicked in law; and consequently susceptible of the adversity, (for it is surely a misfortune to same productions. The Hussar officer many people to have an hungry storemarked : “In truth I find, that the mach:) and that he is virtuous in prose kord of the castle, whose estate we have perity; for when he has made a good just passed, did well to quit the service. dinner, he is at peace with all the world, After all, our Great Frederic, after having like Rousseau's savage. fought gloriously in the war, passed part I drew another more important infere of his time in gardening, &c. cultivating ence, which was this: that all these apiwith his own hands the melons at Sans- nions, which had for the most part shaken souci." All the company were of the all mine by turns, proceeded merely Hussar's opinion. Even the Saxon cler- from the different educations of my tra. gyman said, that Silesia was a fine and velling companions; and I had no douba good province: that it was a pity it was that every man would return to his own in a state of error, but he doubted not way of thicking when by himself. but that liberty of conscience being Wishing to strengthen my judgment established in all the states of the king upon the various subjects of conversaof Prussia, the inhabitants, and, without tion, I addressed myself to a neighbour doubt, the master of the castle, would who had kept continued silence; and soon return to the truth, and embrace one who I perceived to be of a placid the confession of Augsburg. “ For," temper. " What do you think (said I) added he, “God never allows a good of Silesia, and the lord of the castle." action to go without its reward, and it is “Silesia," replied he, " is a very fine one which we cannot praise too much country, because it produces fruit ja in a military man who has done mischief abundance; and the lord of the castle is to any country in the time of war, to an excellent man, because he relieves ondeavour to benefit it during peace,” the distressed. As to the manner of The landlord then proposed to drink the judging of it, this differs in each inhealth of this brave officer, wbich was dividual according to his religion, na. done amidst shouts of applause.
tion, condition, temper, sex, age, the No person refused to drink with the season of the year, even the hour of the fair milliner except the young Jewish day; and, finally, the education, which rabbi. He dined by hiniself upon his gives the first and last bias to our judg. own provisions in a corner of the room, ment; but when we refer every tbing to according to the custom of the Jews the virtues of the human race, we decide when travelling. He rose, and preseared correctly. It is by the guaeral and grand
reason of the universe, if we may be al No. 4. A head of Apollo, of very early lowed the expression, that we ought to Greek work. I think, froin the hair, regulate our own individual reasons, as that it is Etruscan. The very early we regulate our watches by the sun." Greek style is only known froin some
Ever since I witnessed this conver- Etruscan works and gems; for whether sation, I have endeavoured to judge of there are any marbles, is doubted by every thing like a philosopher. I found Winckelmann, (Art, ii. 17 ed. Amstel.) also, that it was the saine with our globe and De Piles, &c. have made perpetual and its inhabitants as it was with respect errors upon this subject. to Silesia ; every man forms his ideas ac- No. 5. A statue of Thalia, found at cording to his education. Astronomers Ostia, in the baths of Claudius. The can see nothing in this world except a folds of the drapery are exceedingly fine, globe like a Dutch cheese, which re- No. 6. A head of Decebalus. This is volves round the sun, according to some probably a very rare and valuable bust of Newtonians; military men see nothing the Dacian king. except fields of battle, and promo No. 7. A bronze Apollo. tions; the nobles think of noçhing but No. 8. The prop of a table in pore seignorial domains and vassals; the phyry, representing the head and leg of clergy dream of nothing but mitres and a Panther. Winckelmann determines benefices; merchants look for commerce statues of this marble to be the works and money only; painters see nothing of Greek artists, under the Ptolemies, but landscapes; and epicures flatter or made under the emperors; but the themselves with prospects of terrestrial Romans thought little of porphyry, as paradises. But the philosopher con. Pliny shows, when the statues were in siders this world with respect to its re- troduced from Egypt, in the time of lations with the wants of men; and he Claudius. The panther was a symbol of regards mankind themselves with re. Bacchus, also of Pan. spect to the wants they have among each No. 9. A colossal head of Marcus Are other,
relius, represented as Pontifer Maximus,
in his sucrificing robes. There is much For the Monthly Magazine. majesty in the forehead. Ilis busts are REMARKS on the TOWNLEY STATUES, in very common. The toga of the Pon.
the BRITISH MUSEUM. By the Rev. tifex Maximus dificred from that of the THOMAS DUDLEY FOSBROOKE, M. A. other priests, and his cap was like that F. A. S.
of the Flamen Dialis, the spike or apex (Fourth Room.)
excepted; but the term sacrificing robes N O. 1. À bust of Trajan, with the is vague, when it is known that he wore
W breast naked. The tip of the nose his consecration dress, laid by for that is restored. Busts of Trajan are not purpose at the Tauroboliu, Criobolia, or uncommon. There are two colossal, Ægo-bolia. This consecration-dress was, and crowned with oak, at the Capitol and in the words of Maillot, (Costum. i. 266.) Palace Farnese. At the palace of Care " son bonnet, son habit pontifical, et sa dinal della Valle is avother, thought to robe ceinte et troussée." . have been the head belonging to the No. 10. A bust of Lucius Verus, codered
statue on the column. The Villa Alba- with the imperial paludamentum, There ni has a third colossal head. At the are many busts of Verus, but some are French Museum are two busts, one of copies; two out of the three are such wbich was brought from the above vile at the Villa Borghese, where is also a la. The statue of the Villa Maffei, colossal bust, &c. The French Museum which represents Trajan seated, draped has three busts, and there are many en philosophe, with a foot and antique others elsewhere. shoe, had been removed from thence to No. 11. Bacchus and Ampelus. the Museum Pio-Clementinum, but is No. 12. A head of the young Hercunow in the French Museum. Winc- les. This is very five. kelmanu quotes flomer and Anacreon for No. 13. A heud of Juno. the beauty of the breast in men, ascrie No. 14. A statue of Diana, draped, bed by the former to Neptune avd Agaand running. I do not like these memnon. It consists, says W. in the Djanas: the drapery has an awkward, fine degagement of its elevation.
stiff, and unpleasing, form. It turns off No. 2. A bronze Hercules, carrying tou abruptly at the height of the knee. Quy the apples from the garden of the It would be better to float more grace• Plesperides.
fully from the waist. No. 3. A prop of a table.
No. 14, is a bust of Hadrian, with
the breast naked. His busts are very No. 4 to 8, all parts of sarcophage, common.
are of inferior work, being probably (Fifth Room.)
made ready for sale, and the subjects This room contains monumental in- trire. scriptions, urns, &c. of course. I shall No. 8, is the medallion of an inclined not proceed through it seriutim. The Head, as No. 1. earthen olle, for inferior people, were of No. 9, representing captive Amatwo kinds: cinerariæ, for the ashes; zons, has a coincidence to that of a si. ossariæ, for the bones. Two of these milar profile in every one of the Amaurns have the story of Echellus. It is zons. "Modern artists should note, that singular how favourite a subject this is all Amazons elsewhere, as well as here, of Etruscan Sarcophagi; besides two are always alike, and have a serious here, Buonarotti has published two others look mixed with grief and pain. The from the Vatican and Villa Albani. eyebrows are indicated by an arrete N. 24. of Echettes; on the cover a re- vive ? As this practice was chiefly in cumbent female figure; and N. 34. the use in the ancient style of sculpture, Combat of Eleocles, &c. both occur in it may be conjectured, that the Ainazon Montfaucon, (Suppl. 0. 5. b. 6. c. i. 2.) of Etesilaus, which won the prize against as Etruscan monuments; and a recum- Polycletus and Phidias, was the model bent figure appears upon all the six sar- of all the others. (Enc, des Antig. o. cophagi there given.
Amazones. Upon another Etruscan urn, besides the No. 10. Bacchus with a Thyrsus, his Combat of Eteocles and Polynices, are right arm over the shoulder of a Faun. Furies. It was their office to purify the In Maffei, La Chausse, Božssard, and souls of inortals at the instant of leaving Montfaucon, are Bacchus's in tbis atti. the body. Hence they frequently occur tude. Bacchus here has buskins, as in upon tombs. See Stat. Theb. l. 8. La Chausse, &c. Gori Mus. Etrusc. tab. 175. The spe No. 11. An elderly man reading a ciinen of Mosaic pavement is not rich. manuscript roll; before him stands a It has the Guilloche, as usual, but no Muse, holding a mask. This is a dra. central figure, and the dies are irre: matic author. Count Caylus (Rec. ii. gular.
pl. 8. n. 5.) has published a figure holde (Sirth Room.)
ing a mask, which from thence he takes No. 1. Profile of a Greek Philoso. to be a comic author. In a painting pher in a medallion. C. Caylus (ii. 153.) of Herculanum, is a woman turning her notes from Pliny, how particular the back upon a tragic poet; she is kneeling Romans were in having portraits of opposite a tragic mask upon a pedes. philosophers accurate resemblances. tal. Liceti (Gem. Antiq. c. 118.) Antiquaries are agreed in calling phi thinks that a mask denotes a dramatic losophers, statues or busts which have writer, in speaking of a bead ascribed only a cloak with a tunic, and the to Virgil, which has also a mask, thought breast entirely uncovered. In both the by Gronovius and Gori (Mus. Fior. philosophers here, the head is inclined; Gem. i. pl. 43. n. 7.) to allude to the but that is by no means any characteristic. manes, froin the description of the inIt occurs indeed in a Plato published fernal regions in the Eneid. This mask by Fulv." C'rsinus, and in the Hercu- has no beard. · lanean collection, (Bronzi, i. p. 103.) No. 12. A Bacchanalian procession. · and the pretended Florentine Demos. We see here Silenus and the ass. An · thenes, perhaps in one or two other in. elephant is introduced. It was particustances, but it is not general.
larly consecrated to Bacchus, and someNo. 2. Achilles among the daughters times accompanies the mysteries of that of Lycomedes, upon a sarcophagus. god, to shew bis voyage and conquests in *The incidents in the life of Achilles, the Indies. (Beg. Thes. Brandenb. i. are very common subjects in the gems 260.) of Scosch, and the Monumenti Inediti No. 13. Paris and Helen. In the of Winckelmann. The beauty of Achile famous gem possessed by M. Chretien les, so celebrated among the Greeks, is Dehn, of Rome, the two heads of united upon the marbles to that fierce Paris and Heleu are remarkably fine. and disdainful air which Homer ascribes No. 14. Genii und Armour, to him: but this bas-relief, as well as
No. No. 15. A Head of Jupiter. The ty; which denote voyages made by the pose is restored.
Romans in countries where these deiNo. 16. A terminal Statue of a ties were worshipped, and vows formed Youth, who is represented with the attric for the happy success of these voyages. butes of Mercury! This is a strange The marble is said to be a funeral modenoniination of Alcibiades. A Greek nument, but certainly has every aspect observed of a handsome young inan, of an er, voto. that Mercuries ought to be made after No. 24. A Satyr. bis likeness, and not after that of Al No. 25. A Řoman Aliar, on which cibiades. (Aristenætus l. i. ep. 11.). various Egyptian figures are represent*Arnobius (1. 6.) assures us, upon the ed. These imitations commenced with testimony of Clemens Alexandrinus, that Hadrian, and almost all have been found the statuaries of Athens gavę to Mer. at his villa at Tivoli. The cyes of these cury the features of Alcibiades. Hence imitations are, according to the Greek portraits of this famous friend of So- system, très enfoncés, in numerous incrates have been taken from Mercu. stances, and are not a fleur de tête, as ries. Assuredly, however, the Pio. in nature. Winckelm. Art. Clementine Alcibiades, a bust with the No. 26. A femule Bacchante. It is name, (tom. vi. pl. 31.), is a very differ-, very fine; and has the look of sleepy ent face from that of a Mercury, but intoxication, so impressive in figures of that is a figure in age.
this kind. No 17. A volide Altar, sacred to No. 27. A sepulchral Monument. Apollo. It has the raven for symbol. No 28. (and No. 39.] Victory sacriProbably it should be denominated, sa. ficing a Bull. It has been before noted cred to Apollo Paturæus. See the that this ought to be called Victoria Mi. coins. The raven has an oracular appli- thriaca. Upon a B. coin of Vespasian, cation. See Stat. Theb. iii. 506. is a Victory sacrificing a Bull, with the
No. 18. Apollo Musagetes. This legend “ Pax orbis terrarum." The term was given to Apollo, from the fre. Roman generals who triumphed sacri. quent representation of him accompa. ficed an ox to Jupiter Capitolinus; and nied by the Muses.
the above victory and legend seem No, 19. A Greek Inscription.
to imply termination of a war. No. 20. A. Dianu Triformis. The No. 29. Bust of Hadrian. figure has a modern key, and the head No. 30. 36. Foot and Sandal. tarreted. Some marbles are known of No. 31. Jupiler Serapis. Diana tergimina, or triformis. Count No. 32. A small Jupiter, represented Çaylus (t. 5. pl. Ixv. and 6. pl. xiv.) in his two-fold capacity, as king of the has engraved two; but, he observes, upper and lower regions. Choul has care must be taken not to confound these published a coin, with various enirepresentations of Diana with those of blems, indicative of this dominion of Ju. Die Parcæ and Furies, which are equally piter. composed of three figures, but with No. 33. Priam supplicating Achilles. quite different attributes. The key oc No. 33. A Greek Inscription. curs in one of the Dianæ triformes of No. 34. A Bust of Severus. It La Cbausse.
should have been specified, whether Sep· No. 21. An Altar of Roman work, timius or Alexander Severus. Ornamented with Egyptian figures.
No. 35 to 40. include a Jupiter Se: No. 22. A head of an Amazon. rupis, a Foot, (see No. 30.) a sarcopha. No. 23. A funeral Monument of gus colossal foot of Apollo; Victory and Xanthippus, who is represented sitting in a Bull. 1 chair, and holding u human foot in No. 40. A Head of Faustina, wife of. his right hand. The foot was sacred to Marcus Aurelius. There is a bust ac Pluto. The foot, or sole of the foot, the Capitol, and a portrait in Mariette, upon sepulchral stones, has been thought Pierr. Grav. ii. pl. lxxx. to imply vows, rnade' by persons who No. 41. Base of a Candelabrum. . have been cured of a disorder in the No. 42. A sepulchral Cippus. feet, but they more probably imply No. 43. A Swun. The leys are rethanks made by travellers for a success stored. It is more, probable, I think, ful journey or voyage. See Stosch, Cl. 4. that it accompanied the figure of a divia 11. 207. La Chausse, n. 32. All the inte nity, as a symbol; than that it was in). scriptions are addressed to Isis, Serapis, tended for Jupiter, so metamorphosed in and Celeste-Urania, a Carthaginian deie his pursuit of Nemesis. ' MONTULY Mac. No. 210.