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state is capable of yielding, till his lordship was called upon to embark for America. On this occasion Lady Cornwallis, inconsolable at the idea of parting with him, aster using every plea that affection could suggest, applied to his uncle, then Archbishop of Canterbury, who, at her request, obtained the king's leave of absence. But duty revailed over affection; and his lordship set out in the service of his country. The separation was too Inuch for the weak nerves of his lady, and she actually fell a viction to her grief. Shortly after his arrival in America, we find his lordship serving with great activity under Sir William Howe, with the rank of inajorgeneral. t In 1777 he took possession of Philadelphia, which was then considered as an important acquisition; though afterwards it was found not tenable. From that period till 1779, when he served under Sir Henry Clinton at the siege of Charlestown, he had few opportunities of signalizing himself. On the surrender of that place, the command of South Carolina devolved to him. Soon afterwards he defeated General Gates with an inferior force. But in October 1781 he was driven to the necessity of surrendering to the combined Amori;an and French armies at Yorktown; on which he returned
On his arrival there a war broke out with Tippoo Saib, son of the famous Hyder Aliy, who, from a low origin, had attained a formidable power and extensive territories. In December 1790, his lordship assumed the connand of the army in person; and advancing into the Mysore country, with great rapidity took Bangalore, which was followed by the defeat of Tippoo, who entrusted his two sons to the care of Lord Cornwallis as hostages for the due performance of the treaty.
This important war being now ended, highly to the honour and advantage of the English army, his lordship returned to his native country, where in 1792 he was created a marquis, and appointed master-general of the ordnance. with a seat in the cabinet.
The disorganized state of Ireland, harassed by internal rebellion and menaced by foreign invasion, called for a viceroy of high military talent and popular character. In this exigency the cabinet wisely o the marquis to that important situation, where, by the vigour of his administration, the insurgents were dispersed and defeated, the invading army made prisoners, and the disaffected disarmed. But what will redound still more to his glory, is the judicious part he adopted in promoting that great national benefit the union of the two kingdoms, on the accomplishment of which he resigned the viceregal dignity.
It night have been expected that after a life of such various and important services, his lordship would have spent the remainder of his life in his native land, and under the wide-spread laurels which he had so meritoriously obtained. But he was again called upon to restore b his presence and operations our af. fairs in India, where he closed his valuable life.
- ERRATA IN OUR LAST NUMBER. Page 56, line 21 from the bottom, for discourse read discourses. 60, line 15 from the bottom, for IN read To... . . . . -64, lines 1 and 8, for Sectarian read Seutonian.
ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S MAGAZINE AND REVIEW,
For MARCH 1806.
To pretend to Religion without Virtue, is hypocrisy.
are virtuous actions,
The fruits of Faith
Dr. G. SHARPE.
BIOGRAPHICAL SELECTIONS. . .
I. The Rev. John Bois, THIS learned divine was the son of a minister at Net-,
| tlested in Suffolk, where the son was born. Having received a good education from his father, he was sent to St. John's College, Cambridge, of which society he ber came fellow. It was once his intention to make physic his profession, but fancying himself afflicted with every disease of which he read the description, he laid aside that study, and entered into holy orders in 1583. He was, ten years reader of the Greek lectures in his college; and for many years read a lecture in his chamber at four in the morning.
When James the First gave orders for a new translation of the Bible, Mr. Bois was chosen at Cambridge as one of the persons to have a share in that great work. Accord, ingly he translated a considerable part of the Apocrypha; and when the Bible was to be revised and completed, he was one of the six divines appointed to review the whole, and to select the copy out of the three that were translated by different persons. In 1628 he removed to Ely, of which cathedral he was made prebendary by the excellent Bishop Andrewes. He was of a strong and active constitution to his death ; and used much exercise, walk.
Pol, X, Churchm. Mag. March 1806.. Y ing
ing frequently from the college to his mother's house in Suffolk to dinner, though the distance was twenty miles; and so fond was he of reading, that even in his old age he would study eight hours every day. He made but two meals, which were dinner and supper, and between which he drank nothing. To the last his sight was quick, his hearing acute, his countenance fresh, his head not bald; in a word, his health was good, and his body sound, except a rupture, which he had many years. His posture in studying was always standing, in pursuance of three rules which he learned from Dr. Whittaker:—1. Always to study standing: 2. Never to study at a window. 3. Never to go to bed with cold feet. He was loyal and orthodox, courteous and charitable, modest and pious. He died in 1643, aged 83 years and eleven days.
CHARLES WHEATLEY was born Feb. 6, 1686, in Paternoster-row, London. His father was a reputable tradesman, and his mother, whose maiden name was White, was a lineal descendant of Ralph, brother to Sir Thomas White, once lord mayor of London, and founder of St. John Baptist College, Oxford. In 1699 he was entered at Merchant Taylors' School; and in 1706 removed to St. John's college, where in the following year he was admitted to a founder's-kin-fellowship. At St. John'shis tutor was Dr. James Knight, afterwards presented by his college to the vicarage of St. Sepulchre, London; a learned and judicious divine, as appears from a volume of discourses on the divinity of Christ, preached at Lady Moyer's Lecture. Mr. Wheatley enjoyed the friendship and esteem of this worthy person through his life, and was wont to say, that “he continued his pupil to his dying day;” adding, moreover, “to this great and good man, undér God, I must heartily profess, that if I have made any knowledge, or have made any progress, it is owing; and if I have not, upon myself only be all the shame.” This was the friend to whom, with Doctors Waterland and Berriman, he submitted his sermons on the Creeds, and from whom he acknowledged to have received several useful and instructive hints, which he found very serviceable when he came to enlarge and finish them for the press. In 1709 he took the degree of Bachelor of Arts, - - - and and proceeded Master in 1713. Soon after taking his Master's degree he resigned his fellowship; and the same year married the daughter of Dr. Findall, of the Clarendon press. Not long after this he removed to a curacy in London, and in 1717 was chosen lecturer at St. Mildred's in the Poultry. The exact time when he was presented by Dr. Astry (treasurer of St. Paul's) to the vicarage of Brent and Furneaux Pelham, in Herefordshire, does not appear. On the death of his first wife he married the daughter of the Rev. Henry Fogg, minister of Allhallows, Staining, who survived him. In domestic life he was happy; for both his wives were grave, discreet, and religious. At his own expence he built a vicarage-house at Furneaux Pelham, and, as his livings lay contiguous, he supplied them both himself. Having procured several benefactions for them, he obtained their augmentation from Queen Anne's bounty, and, as a farther increase, left them at his death 2001. Al Furneaux Pelham he spent the last fourteen years of his life, when he died of a dropsy and asthma, May 13, 1742. The works of Mr. Wheatley were :
1. A Rational Illustration of the Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the use of the Church of England. This valuable performance has gone through several editions in folio and octavo. It brought the author into an amicable controversy with the learned John Johnson of Cranbrook; and the letters which passed between these eminent ritualists reflect great honour on their abilities and candour.
2. An Historical Vindication of the 85th Canon, shew. . ing that the Form of bidding Prayer before Sermon has been prescribed and enjoined ever since the Reformation. 8vo. 1716.
3. Christian Exceptions to the plain Account of the, Nature and End of the Lord's Supper. With a Method proposed for coming at the True and Apostolic Sense of that Holy Sacrament. 8vo.
4. Private Devotions at the Holy Communion adapted, to the Public Office in the Liturgy.-A single sheet, fitted for common prayer-books of all ordinary sizes. .
5. The Nicene and Athanasian Creeds, so far as they are expressive of co-equal and co-eternal Tripity in Unity; and of perfect Godhead and Manhood in the only Christ, explained and confirmed by the Holy Scriptures. Eight. Sermons preached in part at Lady Moyer's Lecture in
the cathedral of St. Paul, London, in the years 1733 and 1734. 8vo. 1738. *
He likewise printed six single sermons, which were afterwards added to those prepared for the press by himself, and published in three vols. 8vo, by Dr. Berriman in 1753.
To the library of his college he was an occasional benefactor in his life-time; and by his will he bequeathed to it several valuable books and manuscripts, many of which are corrections and illustrations of his book on the Common Prayer.
III. John Nor R1s, Esq.
THIS gentleman was the only son of John Norris, Esq. of a very respectable and long established family in Norfolk, and possessed of large property there. His father died at an early period of life, leaving by his wife (whose maiden name was Carthew, of a considerable Suffolk family,) the late Mr. Norris and a daughter. Mr. Norris was educated at Eton School some years, and was afterwards fellow-commoner of Trinity-college, Cambridge, where he was very much esteemed, as well for his learning and abilities, as for his great integrity and uprightness of conduct. When he left Cambridge he settled at Witchingham in Norfolk, where he built a mansion-house, which is since pulled down. In 1758 he married Elizabeth Playters, daughter of John Playters, Esq. eldest son of Sir John Playters, of Sotterley Hall, in Suffolk, Bart. By this lady he had one son, who died in his infancy. Mrs. Norris, who was as amiable as she was beautiful, had for many years very ill health, for the recovery of which the air of Lisbon was advised; and they went and continued. there a considerable time. She returned to England apparently recovered, but her complaints soon returned, and at length terminated in her death in 1769, in the 28th year of her age. Her loss so afflicted Mr. Norris, that for a time he was inconsolable; and in 1770, about four months after her death, he wrote a most elegant and pathetic memorial, strongly expressive of his grief for i. loss, and highly extolling her numerous virtues. This he origimally intended for the press, but altered his intention, and it was only distributed among his relations and most intimate friends. He never afterwards visited Witchingham, where