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National Municipal and Civic Organizations.

NATIONAL MUNICIPAL LEAGUE. President-Charles J. Bonaparte, Baltimore, Md. First Vice-President-Charles Richardson, Philadelphia, scorul lire-Prisuddenl - Thomas N. Strong, Portland, Ore. Third Vice-Presiden --Hon. lemy L. McCuve, Kansas City, Missouri; Fourth Vice-President-Walier L. Fisher, Chicago, Ill. Filin l'iciPresident-Hon. James Phimney Baxter, Portland, Me. Secretary-Clinton Rogers Woodrur, 121 South Brond Street, Philadelphia. Treasurer ---George Buruham, Jr., Philulelphia. Eruewive Commomilme-Chairman, Horace E. Theming, New York; Albert Bushnell Hart, Cambridge, Mass. ; Rubert Treat Puine, Jr., Boston, Charles H. De Forest, New Haven,, ('t. ; Dudley, Tibbets, Truy; George llaven Putnam, Sew York; Churles W. Mctandless, New York; Charles Hi, Ingersoll, New York; Willum li. Low, New York; Frederick Almy, Buffalo ; Hon. Thomas M. Osborne, Auburni Clarence l.. Harper, Pilladelphia; Thomas Raeburn White, Philadelphia; J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pits, llon. George W.Guthrie, Pittsburgh; Oliver Metuntock, Pittsburgh; Prof. Ilarry A. Garfield, Princeton, N. J.: W. P. Bancroft, Wilmington, Del. ; Charles Morris Lloward, Baltimore; II. B. F. Vaciarland, Washington; Elliott Hunt Pendleton, Cincimati; Hon 1 E. Holden, Cleveland; Morion D. Hall, Chicago; J. L. Hudson, Detroit; John A. Butler, Milwankee: David P. Jones, Minneapolis: Dwight F. Davis, St. Louis; Frank X. Hartwell, Louisville; Perey N. Booth, Louisville; E T. Kontz, Atlanta; James it. Causey, Denver; Frank J. Symunes, Berkeley, Charles D. Willard, Los Angeles; Erastus Braineri, Seațile; Harvey s. Chase, Boston, and the onlicers. The League is composed of associations formed in cities of the United States, and having as an object the improvement of municipal government. It has no Connection with State or national

or Issues, and contines Itselt strictly to municipal affairs. Any association belonging to the League may withdraw at any time,

LEAQUE OF AMERICAN MUNICIPALITIES. President-j.Barry Mahool, Baltimore, Md. ; Først Vice-President-Silas Cook, East St. Louis, Ill. ; Seconi l'ice-Presudent Horuce Wilson, Wilmington, Del, ; Third Vice-President-Emerson Coatsworth, Toronto, Ont.; Fourth Vire- President - Henry M. Beardsley, Kansas City, Mo. Secretary-794surer Johu MacVicar, Des Moines. Trustees-Wm. J. Hosey, Ft. Wayue. Ind. W. II, Arnett, Kokomo, Ind.: E. E Brush, Mi. Vernon, N. Y., Hugo Grosser, Chicago; George T. (ianton, Detroit; W.H. joyper, Atlanta; Henry Hudson, Huilson, N. Y.

The objects of the League of American Municipalities are as follows -- The general improvement and facilitation of every branch of municipal acministration by the following means: First--The perpetuation of the organization as an agency for the co-operation of American cities iņ the practical Budy of all questions pertaining to municipal administration. Second The holding of annual con ventions for the discussion of contemporaneous municipal Affairs. Third--The establishment and inaintenance of a central lyureau of information for the collection, compilations, and dissemination of statistios, reports, and all kinds of information relative to municipal government. The membership of the League includes nearly all of the important cities in this country and Canada..

NATIONAL COOD ROADS ASSOCIATION. President-W. H. Moore, St. Louis, Mo. Secretary-Arthur E. Jackson, Damariscotta. Me., with Video presidents representing cach State and Territory This Association was organized by delegates fruin thirty-eight Flates in national convention at Chicago, November 21, 1900, and an extensive campaign ior good roads all over the Union is in progress.

AMERICAN CIVIC ASSOCIATION, Presirlen-J. Horace McFarland. Harrisburg, Pa. First Vice President and Secretary-Charles Clinton Rogers, North Ainerican Building, Philadelphia. Vice-Phisidents-Gieorge B. Leighton, Monadnock, N.H.; Robert Watchorn, New York; L. É. Holden, (leveland; FieldingJ. Stilou, LOS Angeles. Department l'ice-Disidents - Arts and Crafts, Mrs M. F. Johnston, Richmowi, iud.; Children's Gardens, Miss Mary M. Butler, Yonkers, N. Y.; City Making, Frederick 1, Ford, Hart. forii. Ct.; Fixtory Betterment, Mrs. George F. French, Portland, M.; Libraries, Viss Mary E. Ahern, Chicago; Outdoor Art, Warren H. Manning, Boston; Public Recreation, Charles W. Garfie1:1. Grand Rapids, Mich., Press, R. B. Watrous, Milwaukee; Parks and Puhlie Reservations, Henry A. Barker, Providence; Public Nuisances, larian P. Kelsey, Salem, Mass. Railrom Inprovement, Mrs. 1. E. McCroa, Chicago; Rural Improvements, iWard' King, Maitland, No.; School Extension,

0.1. Kern, Hockford, 1!).; Social Settlements, Graham Romeyn Taylor, Chiento: Woman's Outdoor Art League, Mrs. Agnes McGiffert Pound, Ashiabula, Ohio. Treasurer-William B. Howland, New York.

The American Civic Association was formed by merger of the American League for('iric Improvement and the American Park aud Outdoor Art Association, June 10, 1904. The Association seks to combine and make efficient the country-wide effort for civie betterment. It bats led in the effort to prevent the destruction of Niagara Falls for power purposes; it adtuchtes rational forest treatment; it is inaugurating a campaign for the restraint and reduetion of objectionable outdoor Averuising as a desacement nature, and it nrges community heanty. It fosiers parks, playgrounds, and outdoor recreation; it arouses communities, and leads them toward betterment, A lantern-slide service is maintaiued, and many builetins are issued.

SOCIETY OF BUILDING COMMISSIONERS AND INSPECTORS. President-G. U. Teimburger, Commissioner of Buildings, St. Louis. Secretary-F: W. Fitzpatrick. 4200 Fourteenth Street Road, Washington, D. C. The International Society of state and Municipal Building, Commissioners and Inspectors is organized by the building inspectors of the cities of the United States and Canada to promote "ibe improvement of building, methods; the revision and perfecting of building ordinances and securing their more thorough enforcement; the lessening of our appalling fire losses; mutual assistance, the interchange of ideas and the biniling in closer union of the building bureans of the several cities with the view of ultimate uniformity of building laws.''

INTERNATIONAL REFORM BUREAU. fateruational Reforin Bureau, 206 Pennsylvania Avenue, S. E., Washington, D, C, PresidintRev.J. G. Butler, 1. D. Superintendent and Tirasure-Dr.

Wilbur F.Crafts. Devoted to the repression of intemperanca, impurity, Sabbath-broking, gambling, and kindred evils, by lectures, letters, legislation, and liierature. The Bureau has drawn twelve laws that have passed Congress.

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1694

Albany, X. Y.

11% 100.000 $2,629.101 $76,337,665 100 $1.94 Charles H. Gaus...., Dec. 81,1909 Atlanta, Ga. 13 150.000 2,891,364

90,783,800 60 1.25 W. R. Joyner. Jan. 4,1909 Baltimore, Md. 31567,000 17,626,320 624,482,590 100 213.J. Barry Malcol...

May 21,1:11 Bigliariton, N. Y 10 45.000 769,500 33,304.660 80 01.76 Clarence M. Slauson Jan. 1.19lv Boston, Mass.

4299 607,340 67,084,795 1,313,470,606 100 1.69 George A. Hibbaru. Jan. 1.1910 Bridgeport, Ct..

13.4 100,0410 1,163,799 70,359,712 100 1.14 Henry Lee.... Nov. 2,1909 Brooklyn Boro.,X,Y, 77491,418,090 (1) 1,274,688. 457 100g 1.55 Incorp'd in ('ity v New York. Bullalo, N. Y

400.000 20,042,216 389,410,570 100 1.95 James N. Alam.... Dec. 31,1909 Cambridge, Mass.. 64,100,000 7,980,901 107,009, 290 100 1.88 Chas. H. Thurston.. Jan. 9, 1909 Camden, NJ

10) 100,000 3,661,469 49,915,669 100 1.75 Chas, H. Elis... Jan, 1,1911 Charleston, S.C. 54 60,000 3,788.200 18,637,243 50 2.83 R. (7. Pleti ...

Dec, 10, 1909 Chattanooga, Tenn. 6 83,100 1,281,000

19,933,880 60 1.55 IV. R. Crabtree. Oct. 1,199 Chicago, Ill.

19046 2.483,641 125,555,000 496,263,996 20 6.67 Fred. A. Busse.. A pr. 4,1911 Cincipuati,o.

42 425,000 16,000,000 245,000,000 60 2.91 Leopold Markbreit.. Dec. 31, 1909 Cleveland, 04 (q). 45 625.000 18,041.695 215,000,000 35 3.19 7bm L. Johnson.. Jan. 1.1910 Cohoes, N. Y..

8

20,000 885, 823 11,401,541 100 1.94 Merritt D. Hanson.. Jan. 1.1910 Columbus, O., (q)... 1644 179,370 9,390,795 82,500,000 6643 3.30 D. Witt C. Badger... Dee. 31,1909 Council Bluffs, lowa. 21 32.000 265,000 4,200.000 25 8.50 Domald Macrae, Jr.. Mar. 31, 1909 Covingtou, Ky.

3% 65,000 2,017,332 34,831,875 80 1.70 Jolin J. (raig. Jan. 1,1919 Dallas, Tex.. 15 80,000 2,308,500 49,592,234 60 1.90 S. J. Hay...

Apr. 3.1909 Davenport, Iowa.. 8 42.000 185,000 21,500,000 50 1.60 Walto Becker... Apr. 16, 1908 Dayton, O., (q).

11 115,000 2,162,000 61,010,380 60 2.82 Calvin D. Wright.. Jan. 1,1910 Denver, Col...

5944 200.000 679.000 117,408,040 65 3.10 Robert W. Speer. June 1.1908 Des Moines, Iowa 04 85,000 673,000 73,803,125 1010 8.20 George W. Mattern. Apr. 1.1908 d Detroit, Mich

36

400.000 6,450.686 305.656.900 100 1.47 Wm. B. Thompson... Jan. 8,1909 District of Columbia.. See below and at Washington, D.C. and foot-note next

page. Dubuque, Iowe... 11 45,000 835,194 24,376,460 80 1.20 H. A. Schink........ Apr. 2.1908 Duluth, Minn

67 75,000 2,381,000 34,055,689 40 3.65 Marcus B. Coulum... Mar. 1,1908 Elizabeth, N. J.

9 70.0002 926,508 49,988,620 100 1.46. Putk, J. Ryan... Dec. 31.1908 Elmira, N. Y..

844 45,000 1,164,000 19,388,458 60 1 99 Daniel Sheehan ... Jan. 1.1909 Erie, Pa...

7 67,000 466.717 21,321,148 40 2.45 M. Liebel, Jr... Apr. 6.1908 Fall River, Mass. 41 115,000 4,145.969 84,730,444 100 1.89 John T. Coughlin. Jan. 4.1909 Fort Wayne, Ind.

843 64,318 599,800 30,547,640 60 1.10 Wm. J. Hosey.. Jan. 1,1910 Grand Rapids, Mich. 17% 117,000 2,322,600 78.834,500 100 1 69 George E. Ellis.... May 1,1908 Harrisburg, Pa.

7 80,000 1,172,291 40.000.000 60 1.9: Edward 2. Gross.... Apr. 1.1908 Hartford, Ct

18 106,000 4,344,714 98,508,38975 3.20 William F. Hepney. Apr. 6.1908 Haverbill, Mass ()... 32 42.000 1,246,886 26,588,913 100 1.76 Roswell L. Wood.. Jan. 1.1909 Hoboken, NJ.

142 10,000 1,689,786 62,525,019 100 1.42 George H. Steil....... Jan. 1.1909 Holyoke, Mass., (g)

52.000 2,191,000 43,000,000 100 1.70 Nathan P. Avery... Jan. 7,1909 Houston, Tex...

16 80,000 3,919.000 50,875,443 40 1.80 H. B. Rice.... Apr. - 1909 Indianapolis, Ind. 30 236.000 2,895 000 174,337,500 50 2.19 Chas. A Book walter. Jan, 1,1910 Jacksonville, Fla.. 65,000 c 1,768,322 22,723,720 15

1.61 Iin. H. Seb'ing...... Jme 32,19019 Jersey City, N. J.

240.000 16,199,202 267,039,164 100 1.62 H. Otto Wittpenn Jan, 1,1910 Kansas City, Mo.. 29 250.1100 4,273,708 131,140,200 40 01.25 Henry M, Beardsley Apr, lö, 1908 Lawrence, Diass. 7 85,000 1,414,816 54,246.294 85 1.60 John P. Kane.. Jan. 4.1909 Little Rock, Ark.

11%
65,000 108,000 18,260.600 40 2.80 W. E. Lenon.

A pr. 11.1909 Los Angeles, Cal.. 61 99,000 6,842,437 204,778,172 60 1.25 A. C. Harper.

Jan. 1,1910 Louisville, Ky.

91

260,000 7.893,9410 159,610,244 80 1.80lJames F. Grimstead. Nov. 16.1919 Lowell, Mass...

14 100.000 9.851,814 75,445,738 100 1.94 Fred W. Farnham.. Jan. 4.1909 Lynn, Mass.

114 81,500 3.101,486 62,874,402 80 1.80 Thos. F. Porter. Jan. 4,1913 Manchester, N. H.::. 3334 70,000 1,615,000 36.968,394 70 1.85 Eugene E. Reed Jan. 1,19119 Memphis, Tenn

175.000 6.144.000 73.000.000 60 1.97 James H. Malone... Jan. --, 1910 Milwaukee, Wis., (q). 92% 355,000 8,130,250 201 585,127 60 2.43 Sherburn M. Becker. Apr. 17 1908 Minneapolis, Minn, 53 300.000 10,334,000 168,038,000 60 3.06 James C. Haynes. Jan. 1,199 Mobile, Ala

13 65,000 3,700.000 25,000,000 30 2.55 Paul J. Ixions.. Mar. 18,1909 Nashville, Tenn.

994 125,000 c 4,(189,600 62,057,770 80 2.50.Jimes 8. Brown.. Oct, 15,1909 Newark, N. J.

23 300,000 16,000,000 295,787,923 85 1.69 Jacob Haussling. Dec. 31 1918 New Bedford, Mass. 1948 100,000 1,470,738 71,279,611 80 1 76 Wm. J. Bullock.. Jan. 4.1909 New Brunswick, N.J. 44 24.500 744,-03 13.241,079 662 1.90 Drury w. Cooper. Jan, 1.1970 New Haven, Ct.. 92 150,000 3,404,605 112.256.960 100 1.35 James B. Martin... Jan. 1,1910 New Orleans, La... 192 350.000 35,989.144 217,366,205 100 2.20 Martin Behrman. Dec. 5.1908 CITIES,

REALTY.
PERSONALTY. CITIES.

IRALTY.

l'k KSON ALTY. Albany..............

$71,091,315
$5, 246,350 Louisville..

$99,467,512

$50,142,789 Baltimore..

395,793,818

298,768,779
Milwaukee (q).

157.611,560

43,973.867 Boston

.1.010,863,700
242,606,856 Newark, X...

246,614,181

49,174,742 Buffalo 1.

264,+25,090
7.158.000 New Orleans.

143, 231,146

74,139,059 Chicago.

303,083,928

123,280,069 New York (ity, see next page. Cincinnati..

1x5,000.00
60,600,000 Philadelphia.

1,248.892.00 (/) 1,793,886 Cleveland (9)

155,000 000
60,000,000 Pittsburgin.

582,021,462

2,387,575 Den ver..

99,930,395
98,177,715 Providence..

178,545,140

89.138.590 Detroit

212,315,460
93,341,446) San Francisco...

327,50 1,907

102,361,709 District of Columbia..

247,306,494
30,000,000 St. Louis........

422,729,680

87,253,160 Indianapolis.

129,370,726
44,966,775 Seattle...

126,299,262

29,465,824 Los Angeles

241.964,985

92,823,187 Democrats in italics; Republicans iu Roman; others in SMALI. CAP.

* Percentage of assessment upon actual valuation. t Tax on each $100 of assessed valuation for all purposes. Special Franchise $17,827,650.8 Realty, (a) See “New York City," next page. (0) City tax. (c) Bonded debt. (d) Alter April 1, 1908, five Commissioners will assume executive control of city affairs. (e) Funded debt. V) Assessed valuation of horses and cattle only. (o) Realty, about 78 per cent (1) Does not include bonded debt of various park boards amounting to $10,635,000, nor of sanitary district amounting to $17,030,000. («) Report of December 1, 1906.

16

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Per Cento1

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68,000

Newport, R.I..

6% 25.000 $1.031.000 $49,0841.00-20 80 81.20 Win. T. Clark... Jali. 6.1969 Newton, Mass.

18 39.500 3,703,146 67,533.685 100 1.64 Edgar W. Warren.. Jani, 13,1910 New York Cityt. 1336% 4,285,435 Seenoten 16,795,341.915 100) i $ Geo. B. Mravellan... Jan. 1,1910 Omaha, Neb

34 142.560 6,291.000 33,456.731 20 6.48 Jain C. Dahlinin May 21,1909 Paterson, X. J.

843 130.000 4,932,305 900,704,011 100 1.76 Andrew P. McBride. Jan. 1.1910 Peoria, (9). 8% 85.000 610,000 12.500.000 20 7.00 4. B. Thixos,

May -.1919 Philadelphia, Pa. 129 1,491,161 61.695,320 -1.683.852.278 100 1.50 John E. Reýburn.... Apr. 1.1911 Pittsburgh, Pa...

400.000 15,862,622(e)584.449,037 6728 1.50 George W. Guthrie.. Apr. 7.1909 Portlandi, Me.....

20 60.000

1,320.000 54,181,011 100 216 Adam P. Leighton. Dec. 31,1:05 Portland, Ore :

41 161205
6,505.871 155,000,000 80 4.87 Harry Lane.

June 30),1909 Ponglıkeepsie, Y. 3

25,00

1,610,000 13,056,130 65 2,50 John K. Sigile Jan. 1.1909 Providence, R.I. 1844 208.00 13,653,919 (0)230.6x3,760 100 1.65 Patrick J. McCarthy. Jan. 4.1909 Quincy, Ul..... 6 42.000 8:22.000 5,389,560 30 7.46 John H. Best.

May 1,19119 Heading, Pru.

04 110.000 1,120.000 51,000.00 66 1.00 Edwin R. Gerber... A pr. 6.1908 Richmond, Va..

9 119.5000) 6,784,116 103,782,210 75 1.40 Charlton McCarthy. Sept. 1.1908 Rochester, N. Y

18 190.000 11.069,316 144.130.830 100 1 87 James G. Cutler.. Dec, 31,1909 Sacramento, (al. 5 30.00 ynu).000 29.000.000 50 1.50 C. L. White.

Jan. 1.1910 Saginaw, Mích.

12% 63.000 1.6:15,121 24,6 557 65 1.78 Win. B. Baum. Jan. 1,1909 San Antonio, Tex 35 90.000 9,450,500) 38.307,875 70 1.67 Bryron Challaghan.. June 1,1909 San Diego, Cal,

76

45.000 1,179,150 36.000.000 60 1.35 John F. Forward. A pr. 30,1909 San Francisco, Cal..

475,000 c)3,788 724 (+)429.8+6,609 60 1.89 Edward R. Tryior. Jani. 4.1910 Savamal, ia

76.000

2,299,30 48.000.000006726 1.25 G. W. T'irlemini. Jan. 31.1909 Schenectady. N Y. 8 80.000

2.6.37,139 43.0/3.163 75 1.60 Horace S.Van Voost Dec. 31,1909 Scrantoni, Pa....

19 130.000 1,993,513 10.757,430 100 1.30 J. Benj. Dimmick.. Apr. 2.1909 Seattle, Wlast.

55

200.000 7.574,380 (125,763,085 50 3 33 Win, H. Moore.. Mar. 16.1908 Sioux City, lowa

49

62,963 1,367,672 30.093.7025 8.60 W. 6. Sert,... Apr. 1.1908 Somerville, Mass.. 44 73,000 1.461,500 61,637,20 100 1.74 Wm. E. Sanderson. Jan. 4.1909 Springfield, III.

202.MMD 8,016,072 20 7.93 Roy R. Reece. May 1.1909 Springfield, Mass.

384 80.3.20 9,232 350 92,378.091 90 1.50 Wm. E. Sanderson.. Jan. 4.1909 Springfield, (..

10 49.00) 1,150,000 21,240.000 62.73 W., R. Burnell..... Dec. 31.1909 Si, Joseph, Mo..

190.000

1,15.050 34.000.000 60) 1.30 Willian B. Spratt.. Apr. 15.1.2018 St. Louis, Mo.. 6143 750,000 18.822,178 (C) 19.975,410 70 3.17 Rollit Velle

apr. 6.1949 St. Paul, Minn.

55% 295.000 7,209,671 93.559.831 (1) 2.90 Robert A. Smith.. June 1,1908 Syracuse, N. Y.

15 125,000 7,933.60 94.503,239 100 174 Alai C. Fobe.. Dec. 31,1909 't'acoma, Wash.

3212 lvl 60 C)3,823,000 42,910,976 60 3.61 George P. Wrighi.... Apr. 19,1908 Taunton, Mass..

50 341.4637 1,631.071 21,442,383 100 1.86 Edgar L. Crossman. Jan. 1.1949 Toledo, 0)

284 18:4,100 7,196,665 78,000,000 60 8.26 BRAND WAITLOCK. Dec, 31,1909 Topeka, Kail..

7 47,500

1,676,427 13,478,110 25 5.35 William Green...... Apr. --, 1909 Trenton, N. J..

9 92.000 3,419,691 70.054,408 100 1.50 Walier Maddon...... Jan. 1.1910 Troy, N. Y.

948 76.910 3,455,499 51,350,172 100 1.69 Elias P. Mann....... Dec, 81,190% Ulica, x. Y

9 70.000 1,187,021 36,917,430 100 9.79 Thomas Wheeler.... Dec, 31,1909 Washington, D.C. 694 332.000 14,347,54 ()277,306,494 60% 1 50 See foot of page. Williamsport, Pa.

38.000 535,000 15.000.000 65 3.00 Seth T. Forestiuen.... Apr. 1.1908 Wilmington, Del.. 1044 90.000 2,217,150 48.000.000 87 2.15 Horace Wilson.... June 30,1909 Worcester, Mass.

361 13.00 6,010,883 124,747,589 100 1.60 James Logan........ Jan. 7.1909 Yonkers, N. Y...

21 72,6001 5,188,3161 60.019,50 70 1.94 Vathan A. Warren.. Dec. 31,1406 Democrats in huis; il pinnan mans; otler's HI SMALL CAPS.

* This is the percentage of assessment upon tual valuation. t Tax on each $100 of assessed vaination for all purposes. Population of New York City as follows: Manhattan, 2,232,828 ; Bronx, 308,256; Brooklyn, 1,448,005; Queens, 220,836; Richinoul, 75,430. Area in square miles-- Manhattan, 21.83 ; Bronx, 40.65; Brooklyn, 77,62; Queens. 129.50; Richmond, 57.19. Taxable valuations--all boroughs ---Realty, $6,240,480,602 : personalty, $554,861,313. Manhattan and Bronx-Realtv, 84,788,608,681 ; personalty, $446,741,299. Brooklyn-Realty, $181,221,910; personalty, $92,866,547. Tax rate, Manhattan and Bronx, $1.48; Brookly!, $1.53; Quieens, $1.53; Richmond, $1.56. (u) Land 66%, personal, 50 per cent. (0) State and county, $1.00; school, .50; city, $1.40. (c) Bouded debt. (d) Municipal taxes, including schools. (c) Fordivision of really and personalty see preceding page. (h) Net funded debt September 30, 1907, $546,937,112. (i) Realty about 78 per cent. (9) Report of December 1, 1906.

GOVERNMENT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. The municipal government of the District of Columbia is vested by act of Congress approved June 11, 1878, in three Commissioners, two of whom are appointed by the President from citizens of the District having had three years' residence therein immediately preceding that appointment, and confirmed by the Senate. The other Commissioner is detailed by the President of the United States from the Corps Engineers of the United States Army, and must have lineal rank senior to Captain, or he a captain who has served at least fifteen years in the Corps of Engineers of the Army. The Commis. sioners appoint the subordinate ollicial service of said government, except the Board of Education which is appointed by the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia The present Commissioners are H. B. F. Macfarland (Republican), President, whose term will expire May 5, 1909; Henry L West (Denocrat), whose term will expire February 1, 1909; Major Johii Biddle (non-partisan), Corps of Jengineers, United States Army, etniled during the pleasure of the President of the United States, Secretary William Tindall. Olices of Commissioners, 464 Louisiana Ave., N. W., Washington, D.C.

Three separate local governments existed in the District of Columbia from its establishment until 1871, namely: the city of Washington, the Town of Georgetown, and the Levy Court. The latter had jurisdiction over the portion of the District of Columbia outside of the city and town mentioned. All three of these governments were abolished by an act of Corgress approved February 21, 1871, which provided a territorial form of government for the entire District of Columbia, with a Governor, Secretary, Board of Public Works, and Council, appointed by the President of the United States, and a longe of Delegates and a delegate in Congress elected by the citizens of said district, This form of government was abolished June 20, 1874, and a temporary government by three Commissioners substituteri The latter form ivre succeeded by the present form July 1.1878. ('0117 gress makes all laws for the District, but has intimated to the Coinmissioner's allthority to make pulina, hulkon, and planning regulations, and others of a municipal Hanura,

The United States Revenue Cutter Service. The United States Revenue Cujter service is a military arm of the Goverument attached to and under the direction of the Treasury Department. The service was organized in 1790 and coustituted the original naval force of the country. There being at that time no Vary Department the Service was placed under the Treasury Departinent, where it has remained ever since. It is charged with the enforcement of the navigation and customs laws of the United States, the assistance of vessels in distress, une protection of the staliug industry ju Alaska, the enorcement of the quarantine laws, and yumerous other duties appropriate to its' class of vessels. Eruh Winter, by direction of the President, a number of the cultura patrol the coast for the special purpose of assisting vessels in distress. The Service co-operates with the Niry when directed by the President and has so co-operated in fivery war in which the United unles has been engaged. The officers at the service are commissioned by the President and hold rank lay law with oficers of the Army and Xivy as follows:

Captains with Maj in the Army and Leulplant-('orumanders in the Navy; First Lieutenants with Captains in the Army and Lieutenants in the Nary; Second Lieutenants with First Lieutenants in the Army and Lienionants (Junior Grade) in the Navy, Third Lieutenauls with Second Liculenanis in the Army and Ensigns in the Nuvy.

There are win the Service 220 commissioned officers and cadets on the active list, and 1,250 pelty officers and enlisted well. The officer are: 374ptains, 87 First Liputenants. 37 Second Lieuten. ants, 5 Third Lieutenanta, 33 Callots of the live, 34 ' 'hief Engineers, 17 First Assistant Engineers, 11 Second Assistant Engineers, 6 Carlet Engineers, 2 constructors, and 1 Surgeon.

Commissiouest officers of the we are appointed from Cadet graduates of the school of Instruction at South Baltimore, Md. The Tudel course covers three years and embraces professioual and acailemic subjecta. Carlets are appointed after conipetitive examinations, conducted by boards of couinissioner oficers of the Revenue Cutter service. Candidates must be not less than eighteen por more than twenty-four years of age,

Appointments to the Engineer Corps are made after competitive examination, and successful candidates are appointed ladet Engineers for a period of six months prior to heins commissioned Second Assistaut Engineers in the Service. Candidates for the Engineer Corps must be not less than twentyone nor more than twenty-six years of age.

The commaudant of the Service is detailed from among the Captains by the Secretary of the Treasury: The present Chief of the Service is captain Worth G. Ross, U.S. R. C.s, The EngineerIn-Chief is Chief Engineer, C, A. McAllister. U.S. R. C. 8.

LIST OF VESSELS OF THE REVENUE CUTTER SERVICE.
NAME
Headquarters.

Displace-
Onns.
NANE.
Headquarters

Dhupure

Guns. tavat.

Int.

451 5V* 340 500

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(First Class.) Algonquin

San Juan, P.R. Apache

Biltimore, Md. Biar...

San Francisco, Cal. firesha

Boston, M**. Itasca

Practice Ship.
Manning

Honolulu, T A
M Collech. San Francisco, Cal.
Mohawk.

New York, NY
Onda

Philadelphia, Pa. Rusk...

Sitka, Alaska, Seminale

Wilmington, NC, Thetis

Han Francisco, Cal. Tuncarors

Milwaukee, Wis. (Second Class) Chise..

Practice Ship. Colfas

Station Ship. Dallas ...,

Ogdensburg, N, Y. Dextur

New London, Ct. Fessenden. Out of Commission, Forward., Key West, Fla. Morrill..

Detroit, Mich. Pamlico.,

Newbern, N. a.

6 2 2 3 3 1 1

926
550)

785
1,900

670

(Second Claus.)
Perry

Seattle, Wash.
Windon..

Galveston, Tox.
Winona

Gulfport, Miss.
Wordbury

Portland, Me.
(Third Class. )
Arcata.

Port Townsend, Wash.
Calumul..

New York, NY,
Golden Gate.. San Francisen, Cal.
Guthrie..

Baltimore, M1.
Hartley

San Francisco, ('al.
1011

New York, X, Y.
Mickinac .. Sault Sto. Marie, Mich.
Muhattans,

New York, NY
Winnisimmet ... Boston, Mass.
Wissahickon.. l'hiladelphia, Pa.

(Laupches, )
Alert

Mobile, Ala.
Guard

l'ort Townsend, Wash,
Patrol

Chicago, III,
Perruse

Pensacola, Fla.
Scout

Purt Townsend, Wash.
Tyben

Savannah, Ga.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

30

897
408

The following vessels with their displacements are pinder construction: Androscoggin, 1.270; Snohomish, 705; Number 17, 1, 480; Acushnel, 769; Number 19, 153; Number 20, 960, Number 21, 960.

The Life-Saving Service. THE ocean and lake coast of the United Sinies are picketed with the stations of the Life-Saving Service attached to the United State's Treasury Department, Sumner I. Kimball is general superintendent, with headquarters at Wishingion, and there is a corps of inspectors, superintendents, Nation keepers, and crews, extending over the entire const line, together with a Boam on Lite-Saving Appliances, composed of experts selecled from the Revenue Marine Service, the Army, the Life-Savo ing seryice, and civilians.

At the close of the last fiscal year the Ilie-saving establishment embraced 278 stations, 200 being on the Atlantic Coast, 60 on the lakes, 17 on the Pacific Coast, and 1 at the falls of the Ohio, Louis. ville, Ky. In the following table are the statistics of the service:

Year Endling
Sirer Introduction

Year Ending of Life Saving Byte

Since Intronction
June 30,
of late Suring Syy

June 30,
1907.
ten in 1871, a

tem in 1671. 10

1907. June 3, 1907

June 30, 1907. Disasters,

Shipwreckend persons succored Value property involved $8,302.965 $251.516,94 at tatlons....

671

20,318 Value property saved 99.57,541 Dari succor afforded

993

15,485 Value property last.

$1,85, -15 $59.05- 67 Vreels totally lost on U. S. Person in polved. 191.27 OOLS

56 Persons lout

1.172 In addition to the foregoing there were 491 casualties to smaller craft, such as sailboats, row. boats, etc., on which there were 1,176 persons, of whom 1,153 were saved aud 23 lost. The post of the maintenance of the service during the year was $1,790, 108.97.

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The States and the Union.

THE THIRTEEN ORIGINAL STATES.
STATES Ratifier the Constitution.

STATES. Ratified the Constitution, I Delaware 1787. December 7.

8 South Carolina ....... 1788, May 23. 2 Pennsylvania 1767, December 12.

9 New Hampshire..... 1788, June 21. 3 New Jersey 1757, December 18.

10 Virginia

1788, June 26, Georgia 1788, January 2.

11 New York .. 1788, July 26. 5 ('onnecticut 1786, January 9.

12 North (arolina..... 1789, November 21. 6 Massachusetts 1788, February 6.

13 Rhode Island ..... 179, May 29. 7 Maryland.

1788, April 28

STATES ADMITTED TO THE UNION.
STATEA
Admitted

STATES

Admitted. 1 Vermont 1791, March 4.

18 (alifornia

1950, September 9. 2 Kentucky 1792, June 1,

19 Juinnesota

1858, May 11. 3 Tennessee. 1796 June 1

20 Oregon

1859, February 14. 4 Ohio 1803. February 19,

21 Kansas

1861, January 29. 5 Louisiana.. 1812, April 30

22 West Virginia. 1863, June 10. 6 Pudiana 1816, December 11

23 Nevada

1864, October 31. 7 Mississippi 1917, December 10

24 Nebraska

1867, March 1. 8 Illinois... 1818, December 3,

25 ('olorado...

1870, August l. 9 Alabama 1819. December 14.

26 North Dakota 1889, November 2. 10 Maine 1920, March 15

27 South Dakota. 1889, November 2. 11 Missouri.. 1821. August 10,

28 Montana...

1889, November 9. 12 Arkansas... 1836, June 15.

29 Washington 1889, November 11. 18 Michigan... 1837. January 26.

30 Idaho

1800), July 8. 14 Florida 1816, March 3

31 Wyoming

1890, July 11. 15 Texas 1845, December 29

32 l'tan..

1896, January 4. 16 Towa.

1846, December 28 33 Oklahoma.. 1907, Noveniber 16. 17. Wisconsin.. 1848, May 29.

The Territories.
TERRITORIES,

Organized
TERRITORIES.

Organized.
New Mexico

September 9, 1870. District of Alaska........ July 27, 1868.
Arizona
February 24, 1883.

Hawaii..

June 14, 1900. District of Columbia... July 16, 1790 -- Mar. 3,'0111

* Date when admission took effect is given from U. S. Census reports. In many instances the act of admission by Congress was passed on a previous date.

NEW POSSESSIONS. -A government for Porto Rico was established by the Fifty-sixth Congress. The Philippines are under a provisional civil government, Guam, and Tutulla, uuder Governors, and the Isthmiau Canal Zone under a Commission, all appointed by the President,

State and Territorial Statistics.
Girus Extreine Extrenie

Gross

Extreme Extreme
STATRA AND Aren in

STATES AND
Biruth, Langth,

Ares in

Capitals.
TERRITORIES.

Baith, length, Capitals.
Nuare
Miles,

TxkRITORIES.
Milus.

Square

Milesat
Mite.

Miles.

Miles Alabania 52,2001 200 330 Montgomery Nebraska. 77.610 415

906 Lincoln. Alaska Ter. 690,894 800 1.100 Sitka 11

Nevada ...
110,70%) 313

485 Onsson ('lty. Arizona Ter 113.030 335 390 Phoenix

New Hamp 9.2015 90

183 ('oncord. Arkansas. 03.60 275 240 Litle Rock. New Jersey 7.216 70

160 Trenton. California 1:58.50 375

770 Sacramento. X. Mexico T. 122,580 350 390 Santa Fé. Colorado... 103,935 390) 270 Denver. New York 49,110 920) 310 Albany. Connecticut 4.990 90 75 Tartford. N. ('arolina 52.250 630 200 Raleign. Delaware. 2,050 35 110 Dover.

. Dukota.. 70,795 860 910 Bismarck. Dist. of (ol. 10 9 10 Washington. Olio ...

41.000

230 2016 (oliams, Florida, 68.10 400 460 Tallahassee. Oklahoma ...

545 90 thrle. Georgia 09.173 250 310 Atlauta, Oregon .....

96.030 875 2) Salem Idaho. 84.500 305 490 Boise.

Pennsylvania 45,215

1x) Harrisburg. Illinois

5,600 205 380 Springfield. Rhode Island. 1.27) 38 u Providence. Indiana.

36,10

160 267 Indianapolis s (arolina. 30.070 235 21 Columbia, Iowa 56,024 300 210 Des Moines. South Dakota 77.00 390

245 Pierre kansas

82,050 400 200 Topeka. I'l'ennessee 42.1160 430 120 Nashville. Kentucky 40,400 350 176 Frankfort. Texas.

26).70 760 620 Austin, Louisiana 49.30 276 Baton Rouge Utah...

84.970 275 345 Salt Lake C'y Maine 33.4140 231 Augusta Vermont

9,305 90

153 fontpeller. Maryland 12.10 200 120 Annapolis. Virginia

42.400

425 205 Richmond. Massachus'ils 8:16 190) 110 Bonton.

Washington. 69.10

230 Olympia. Michigan.. 69,918 310 400 Lising. W. Virginia. 24.7KO 2010

25 Charleston, Minnesota 83,60 350 400 St Paul. Wiscousin.. 56.010 12:20 300 Madisou. Mississippi 46.90 180 840 Jackson. Wyoming

97.890

3th 275 Cheyenne. Missouri

300 2x0 Juferson C'y Moutaua. 146,080

580 815 Helena. Areas of the new possess004 Philippines, 110.020 mquare miles; Porto Rico, 3, 435; Havall, 6,449, Tuulla and isleis, 77, Guam, 210, Punania l'anal sirip, 474. Gross area includes water is well as land surface. These areas are those published by the United States ('ensus Office in 1900. # Breadth is from east to west Length is from north to south. Breadth from Quoddy lleud, in Maine, to (ape Flattery, in Washington, length from the 49th parallel to Browusville, on the Rio Grande, This is exclusive of Alaska. The capital will eventually be removed to Juneau,

Totul V. S..,3,616,464, 42,720 11,000

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