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INCORPORATED PLACES HAVING 5,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE-Continued.

CITIES.

Popnilstion,

Popula

tion.

CITIES.

7,935

Elkhart, Ind. Elmira, N.Y. El Paso, Tex.. Elwood, Ind.. Elyria, Ohio Emporia, Kan E glewood, N. J. Erie, P Escanaba, Mich Etna, l'a. Eureka, Cal Evanston, Ill. Evansville, In l. Everett, Mass. Everett, Wxh. Fairinont, W. Va.. Fall River, Mass. Fargn, N. Dak.. Faribault, Minn Fergus Falls, Minn, Findlay, Ohio Filchburg, M:85 Flint City, Mich.. Florence, Ala.. Fond du Lac, Wis.. Fort Dodge, Iowa... Fort Madison, Iowa. Fort Scott, Kan.... Fort Smith, Ark.... Fort Wayne, Ind... Fort Worth, Tex... Fostoria, Ohio Frankfort, lod. Frankfort, Ky... Franklin, X. I.. Franklin City, Pa.. Frederick, Md.. Fredericksburg, Va. Freeland, PA... Freeport, Ill.. Fremont, Neb. Fremont, Ohio. Fresno, C. Frostburg, Ma Fulton, N. Y.. Gainesville, Tex.. Galena, 11). Galena, Kan. Galesbury, Ill.. Galion, Ohio Gallipolis, Ohio.. Galveston, Tex. Gardiner, Me Geneva, N. Y Glens Falls, X. Y. Glenville, Ohio Gloucester, Musy. Gloucester, N. J. Gloversville, X. Y.. Goldsboro, N.C.... Goshen, Ind. Grafton, W. Vs.... Grand Forks, N. D.. Grand Island, Neb. G'd kapids, Mch.. Grent l'alls, Mont.. Green Bay, Wis.... Greensboro, X. C... Greensburg, Ind... Greensburg, Pa.... Greenville, Miss. Greenville, Ohio. Greenville, S. C.... Greenville, Tex. Griffin, Ga Guthrie, Okla. Hackensack, N.J.. Hagerstown, Md... Ilanilton, Ohio. Hammond. Ind. Hannibal, Mo... Hanover, Pa.. Harrisburg, Pa. Harrison, N.J. Hartford, Ct.. Hartford, Ind. Harvey. Ill. Hastings, Neb. Haverhill, Mass..

21,723 Mi. Vernon, Ind.... 5,132

8,962 Mt. Vernon, X.Y... 21,999 40,169 M. Veron, Ohio... 6,633 5,919 Muncie, Ind...

20,942 5,174 Murphysboro, Ill.. 6,463 10,381 Mustatine, lowa.. 14,073 34,307 Muskegon, Mich.. 20,818 7,210 Nanticoke, Px..

12,116 16,581 Nxehus, N. H.

23,99 6,431 Nashville, Tenn. 80,865 16,204 Natchez, Miss... 12,210

8.972 Nugatuck, Ct... 10,541 16,029

Nebraska City, Yeb. 7,380 102,479 Neenah, Wis.

5,954 5,131 Xraubee, Mich..

6,935 204,731 Nelsonville, Ohio... 5,421 94,969 Nesada, Mo...

7,461 7,166

New Albany, hd.. 20.628 18,991 Newark, N. J... 246,070 68,513 Newark, Ohio

18,157 34,227 New Bedford, Mass. 62.442 6,352 Newbem, N.C.....

9.090 5,375 New Brighton, Pa.. 6,420 93,272 New Britain, Ct.... 23,998

N. Brunswick, N.J. 20,006 19,164 Newburgh, N.Y.... 24,943 13,504 Newburgh, Obio....

Population.

CITIES.

Popula

CITIES,

tion.

15,154 Hiverstraw, N.Y. 35,672

Hazelton, Pa.. 13,906 Helena, Ark. 12,950 Helena, Mont. 8,791

Henderson, Ky. 8,223 Herkimer, N. Y 6,253 Hillsboro, Tex. 52,733 Hoboken, NJ, 9,549 Holland, Mich. 5,354 Holyoke, Mass.. 7,327 Homestead, Pa... 19,259 Honolalu, Ilawali. 59.007 lloosick Falls, X.Y 24,336 | Hopkinsville, Ky.. 7,838 Hornellosille, NY.

5,655 Hot Springs, Ark. . 104.963 Houston, Tex. 9,5-9 lindson, N.Y. 7,96Huntingdon, Pa... 6,072 | Huntington, Ind... 17,613 Huntington, W. Va. 31,531 Huntsville, Als.... 13,103 Hutchinson, Kan,

6,478 Ilion, X. Y. 15,110 Independence, Mo.. 12,162 Indianapolis, Ind.. 9,978 lola, Kan.... 10,329 Iovia City, Mich.. 11,587 Iowa City, Iowa 45,116 Iron Mountain, M'h. 26,609 Ironton, Ohio. 7,730 Ironwood, Mich. 7,100 Irvington, NJ 9,457 Ishpeming, Mich. 5,816 Ithaca, NY 7,317Jackson, Mich. 9,296 Jackson, Miss.. 6,068 Jackson, Tenn. 5,254 Jacksonville, Fla.. 13,258 Jacksonville, il 7,241 Jamestown, X. Y. 8,439) Janesville, Wis.... 12,470 Jeannette, Pa. 5,974 Jefferson, Mo..... 5,251 Jeffersonville, Ind.. 7,874 Jersey City, NJ... 5,005 Johustown, N. Y. 10.155 Johnstown, Pa.. 18,607 Joliet, Ill... 7,282 Joplin, Mo, 5,132 Kalamazoo, Mich. 37,789 Kune, Pa..

5,501 Kaukakee, mi. 10.433 Kansas City, Kan 12,613 Kansas City, Mo...

5,583 Kankruna, Wis.... 26,121 Kearney, Neb..

6,640 Kearny, N. J. 18,349 Krene, N. HI... 5,877 Kenosha, Wis.. 7,810 Kenton, Ohio. 5,650 Keokuk, Iowa, 7,652 Kewanee, Ill..

7,654 Key West, Fla. 87,565 Kingston, N. Y 14,930 Kirksville, Mo 18,654 Knoxville, Tenn. 10,035 Kokomo, Ind. 5,134 Laconia, N. II., 6,509 Lacrosse, Wis. 7,642 Lafayette, Ind 5,501 Lake Charles, La 11.860 Lancuter, Ohio.. 6.860 Lancaster, Pa.. 6,257 Lansing, Mich. 10,006 Lansingburg, N.Y.

9, 43 Laporte, Ind.. 1:3,591

Laramie, Wyo. 23.914 Laredo, Tex 12,376 La Salle, 111. 12,780 Lanrium, Mieh,

6,302 Lawrence, Ka.. 50.167 Lawrence, Miss 10.596 Led, S. Dak.. 79,-50 Leadville, Col 5,919 Lesvenworth, Kan.. 5,395 Lebanon, Pa..

7,189 Lewiston, Me. 37,1751) Lexington, Ky.

5.935 Lims, Ohio..
14,230 Lincoln, Ill...

5,550 Lincoln, Neb.
10,770 Lithfield, ill...
10,27% Little Falls, Minn,.
5,53 Little Falls, X. Y...
5,346 Little Rock, Ark...
59,364 Lock llaven, Pa..

7,790 Lockport, X. Y.
45,712 Logan, Utah
12,154 Logansport, Ind....
39,306 Long Branch, NJ..
5,671 Lorain, Ohio.....
7.280 Los Angeles, Cal.,
11,918 Louisiana City, Mo.

9,973 Louisville, Ky...
44,633 Lowell, Mass.
9,528 Ludington, Mich
6,053 Lynchburg, Va.
9,491 Lyon, M188
11,923 McKeesport, Pa..
8,169 McKee's llocks, Pa.
9,379 Macomb, III....
5,13 Macon, Ga...

6,974 Madison, Ind...
169, 164 Madison, Wis..

5,791 Mahanoy, Pa...
5,209 Malden, Mass..
7,987 Malone, NY
9,249 Manchester, N. H...
11,46 Manchester, Va.....
9,705 Manistee, Mich,
5,:55 Manitowoc, Wis....
13,255 Mankat, Minn,
13,136 Mansfield, Ohio
95.100 Marietta, Ohio

1,816 Marinette, Wis.
14, 11 Marion, Ind....
98,429 Marion, Ohio...
15,075 Marlboro, Mass..
22,192 Marquette, Mich..
13,15 Marshall, Mo.......
5,865 Marshall, Tex..

9,664 Marsballtown, Iowa
10,114 Murshtiell, Wis....
206,133 Martinsburg, W.ta.
10,130 Martin's Ferry, Ohio
85,936 Mason City, lowa..
29,353 Massillon, Ohio
25,025 Matawan, N.Y......
24,104 Mattoon, nl...

5,296 Maysville, Ky.. 13,595 Meadville, Pa... 51,418 Medford, Mass.. 163,152 Melrose, Mass..

5,115 Memphis, Tenn.. 5,634 Monasha, Wi.. 10,496 Venominee, Mich.

9,165 Menininee, Wis.. 11,606 Meriden, Ct.

6,452 Meridian, Miss.
14,641 Merrill, Wis..

8,399 Mexico, Mo..
17.11 Michigan City, Ind.
24,635 Middletown, Ch....

5,966 Middletown, X.Y...
32,637 Middletown, Ohio..
10,509 Middletown, Pa....

8,042 Millsale, Pa....
28,995 Millville, N. J..
18,118 Milton, Pa.
6.580 Milwaukee, Wis

8.991 Minneamlis, Minn.
41,459 Mishawaka, Ind...
16,183 Mberly, Mo..
12,595 Mobile, Ala...
7,113 Moline, ni..
8,207 Monmouth, III.
13,429 Monongahela, Pa...
10,44 Monroe, La...

5.43 Monroe, Mich
10,42 Montclsir, X, J.
62,559 Montgomery, Ala

6,210 Montpelier, Vi..... 12,445 Morristiwn, X. J.... 20, 235 Moundsville, W.Va. 17,62 Mt. Carmel, Pa 23,761 Mt. Clemens, Mich.. 26,369 Mi, Vernn, 11..

5,909 33,664 Newburyport, Mass. 14.478 6,935 Newcastle, Pa..

98,339 56,997 New Haven, Ct,.... 108,027

9,715 New Iberia, La.... 6,815 14,260 | New London, Ct....

17,548 11,786 New Orleans, La... 287,104 10,599 N. Philadelphia, 0.. 6,913 17,640 Xewport, Ky

98.301 13,348 Newport, R. I..... $9,034 16,195 Newport News, Va. 19,635 17,337 New Rochelle, N. Y. 14,720 11,862 Newton, Kan..

6,208 13,609 Newton, Mass.. 33,587 10.058 New Ulm, Minn.. 5,403 6,086 X. Whatcom, Wash. 6,834 7,855 New York, N. Y... 3,437,202 11,54+ Niagara Falls, N.Y. 19,457 5,240 Niles, Ohio....

7,468 7,564 Xome, Alaska..... 19,488 7,760 Xorf lk, Va.

46,694 6,746 Norristown, Pa. 29,265 11,94 North Adams, Mass. 94.200 6,807 Northa'npton, Mass. 18.643 9,622 North Braddock, Pa. 6.535 6,423 N'hlainfield, N.J. 10,991 N. Tonnwanda, N.Y. 9,069 18,244 Norwalk, Ct...

6,125 12,962 Norwalk, Ohio.

7,074 102,320 Norwich, Ct..... 17,251 5,569 Norwich, N. Y.

3,766 12,818 Norwood, Ohio.

6,480 5,655 Oakland, Cal...

66,960 24,296 Ocento, Wis...... 5,646 14,50Oelwein, lowa.

5,142 8,537 Ogden, Utah.

16,313 5,099 Ozdensburg, N. Y. 12.633 14,950 Oil City, Pa....

13,264 9,589 Oklahoma City, Okla 10,037 14,522 Od Force, Pa..

5,650 9,213 | Oldtown, Me.

5,163 5,605 Olean, N.Y.

9.462 6,736 Olyphant, Pa.

6,180 10,553 Omaha, Neb.

109,555 6,175, Oneida, N. Y

6,364 295,315 Oneonta, N.Y. 202,718 Orange City, N. J. 24,141 5,5600-hkosh, Wis.

98,984 8,012 (skalooka, Iowa... 9,212 38,469 Ossining, N.Y.

7,939 17,246 Oswego, N.Y..

92,199 7,460 Ottawa, 11.....

10,588 6.173 Ottawa, Kab.

6,934 5,428 Ottumwa, Iowa.. 18,197 5,043 Owatonda, Minn.. 5,561 13,962 Owego, X. Y.

5,039 30,346 Owensboro, Ky.

13,199 6,266 Owosso, Mich:

8,696 11,267 Paducah, ky

19.446 5,362 Painesville, Ohio.. 5,094 13,179 Palestine, Tex.

8,297 6,576 Pana, nl..

5,530 5,216 l'aris, III..

6,105

INCORPORATED PLACES HAVING 5,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE-Continued.
Popula-

Popula

CITIES.

Popula-
tion.

CITIKS.

Popula

tion.

CITIES.

CITIES.

tion.

tíon.

Paris, Tex....

9,358 Rochester, N.Y.... 162,608 South Bethlehem, Pa. 13,241 Vicksburg, Miss... 14,834 Parkersburz, W.Ya. 11,703 Rockford, 11. 31,051 Bouth Norwalk, Ct.. 6,591 Vincennes, Ind..

10,249 Parsons, KAD.. 7,682 Rock Hill, s. C... 5,455 South Oinaha, Seb.. 26,001 ! Wabash, Ind.

8,618 Pasadena, Cal. 9,117 Rock Island, Ill.... 19,493 South Portland, Me. 6,287 Waco, Tex.

20,686 Passaic, NJ..

27,777 Rockland, Me..... 8,150 Spartanburg, 8. C.. 11.395 Walla Walla, Wash. 10,049 Paterson, N. J. 105,171 Rockville, Ct..

7,287 Spokane, Wash.. 36,84 Wallingford, Ct... 6,737 Pawtucket, R.I.. 39,231 Rome, Ga..

7,291 Springfield, M.. 84,159 Waltham, Mass. 23,481 Peekskill, N. Y... 10,358 Rome, N. Y... 15,348 Springtield, Mass.. 62,059 Warren, Ohio

8,899 Pekin, ni.. 8,420 Rutland, Vt.. 11,499 Springfield, Mo.. 23,267 Warren, Pa....

8,013 Pensacola, Fla. 17,747 Saco, Me..

6,122 Springfield, Obio. 38.953 Washington, D.C... 978,718 Peoria, II.

56,100 Sacramento, Cal. 29,282 Spring Valley, Ill... 6,914 Washington, Ind... 8,551 Perth Amboy, N.J. 17,699 Saginaw, Mich. 42,345 Siamford, ci

15,997 | Washington, Pa.... 7,670 Peru, 11 6,863 St. Albans, Vt. 6,239 Staunton, Va.

7,289 Washington C.H.,O. 5,761 Peru, Ind. 8,463 St. Charles, Mo. 7,982 Steelton, Pa..

19,086 Waterbury, Ct, .... 45,859 Petersburg, Va. 91,810 St. Clond, Minn.. 8,663 Sterling, III.

6,309 Waterloo, Iowa.... 12,580 Petoskey, Mich.

5,985 St. Johnsbury, Vt.. 5,666 Steubenville, Ohio.. 14,349 Watertown, NY.. 21,696 Philadelphia, Pa... 1,293,697 St. Joseph, Mich. 5,165 Stevens Point, Wis. 9,524 Watertown, Wis.. 8,437 Phillipsburg, N.J.. 10,052 St. Joseph, Mo. 102,979 Stillwater, Minn... 12,318 Waterville, Me..

9,477 Phoenix, Ariz..

5,544 St. Louis, Mo 575,938 Stockton, Cal... 17,506 Watervliet, N. Y.... 14,321 Phonixville, Pa... 9,196 St. Mary's, Ohio.... 5,359 Streator, ill..

14,079 Waukegan, I.

9,426 Pine Bluff, Ark.. 11,496 St. Paul, Minn. 163,065 Summit, N. J.

5,302 Waukesha, Wis.

7,419 Piqua, Ohio.. 19,172 Salem, Mass.. 35,956 Sumter, S. C..

5,673 Wausan, Wis.

12,954 Pittsburgh, Kan. 10,112 | Salem, N. J.

5,811 Sunbury, Pa.
9,810 Waycross, Ga..

5,919 Pittsburgh, Pa. 321,616 Salem, Oblo..

7,582 Superior, Wis.

31,091 Waynesboro, Pa... 5,396 Pittsfield, Mass.. 21,766 Salina, Kan...

6,074 | Syracuse, N. Y 108,374 Webb City, Mo. 9,201 Pittston, Pa... 12,556 Salisbury, N. C.. 6,277

Tacoma, Wash
37,714 ! Wellston, Ohio.

8,045 Plainfield, N J.... 15,369 Salt Lake, Utah.. 53,531 | Talladega, Ala..

5,056 Wellsville, Ohio....

6,146 Plattsburg, N. Y. 8,434 San Antonio, Tex... 63,391 || Tamaqua, Pa.

7,96: W. Bay City, Mich. 13,119 Plymouth, Pa. 13,649 San Bernardino, Cal. 6,150 || Tampa, Fla

15,839 Westbrook, Me... 7,283 Pomono, Cal. 5,526 San Diego, Cal..... 17,700 Tarentum, Pa..

6,472
West Chester, Pa...

9,524 Pontiac, Mich.

9,769 Sandusky, Ohio. 19,664 Taunton, Mass.. 31.036 West Haven, Ct.... 5.947 Portage, Wis.... 5,459 San Francisco, Cal. 342,782 Temple, Tey....,

7,065 West Hoboken, N.J. 23,094 Port Chester, N.Y. 7,440 Ban Jose, Cal.. 21,500 Terre Haute, Ind.. 36,673 West New York.N.J. 6,367 Port Hurou, Mich.. 18,158 Santa Barbara, Cal. 6,587 Terrell, Tex..

6,330 West Orange, N.J.. 6,489 Port Jervis, N.Y.. 9,885 Santa Cruz, Cal. 6,659 Texarkana, Tex.t.. 5,956 West Pittston, Pa.. 5,846 Portland, Me...... 50,145 Santa Fe, N. M..... 5,603 Thom isville, Ga. 5,829 Whee'' og, W. Va.. 39,878 Portland, Ore...... 90,426 Santa Rosa, Cal.... 6,673 Tithin, Ohio...

10,989 White Plains, N. Y. 7,899 Portsmouth, N. H.. 10,637 Saratoga Sp's, N.Y. 12,409 Titusville, Pa... 8,244 Wichita, Kan.

94,671 Portsmouth, Ohio.. 17,870 Bault Ste.Marie, Mh. 10,58 Toledo, Ohio... 131, 22 Wilkes-Barre, Pa.. 61,721 Portsmouth, Va... 17,427 Savannah, Ga...... 54,244 Tonawanda, N. Y... 7,491 Wilkinsburg, Pa... 11,886 Pottstown, P. 13,696 Sayre, Pa...

5,943 | Topeka, Kan.

33,608 Williamsport, Pa. 28,757 Pottsville, Pa.. 15,710 Schenectady, N. Y.. 31,682 Torrington, Ct.

8,360

Wilmantic, Ct... 8,937 Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 24,029 Scranton, Pa.

102,026 Traverse City, Mich. 9,407 Wilmington, Del. 76,508 Princeton, Ind... 6,041 Seattle, Wash.

80,671 Trenton, Mo....

5,396 Wilmington, N.C.. 20,976 Providence, R, I. 175,597 Sedalia, Mo.

15,231 Trenton, N. J..

73,307 Winchester, Ky.... 5,964 Provo, Utah. 6,185 Selma, Ala.. 8,713 Trinidad, Col.. 5,345 Winchester, Vå.

5,161 Pueblo, Col. 28,157 Seneca Falls, N.

6,519 Troy, N. Y.
60,651 Winfield, Kan.

5,554 Putnam, Ct. 6,667 Seymour, Ind 6,445 Troy, Ohio..

5,881 Winona, Minn.

19,714 Quincy, Ill... 86,252 Shamokin, Pa. 18,202 Tucson, Ariz...

7,531
Winsted, Ct....

6,804 Quincy, Mass. 23,899 Sharon, Pa. 8,916 Tuscaloosa, Ala

5,094 Winston-Sa'm.N.C. 13,650 Racine, Wis. 29,102 Sharpsburg, Pa.. 6,842 Tyler, Tex. 8,069 Woburn, Mass..

14,254 Rahway, N.J 7,935 Sheboygan, Wis. 22,969 Tyrone, Pa.

5,847 Woon soeket, R. I... 28,904 Raleigh, N. c. 13,643 Shelbyville, Ind. 7,169 Union, N. J.

15,187 Wooster, Ohio..

6,063 Reading, Pa... 78,961 Shenandoah, Pa.. 20,321 Union, S. C.

5,100 Worcester, Mags.... 118,421 Red Bank, N. J.. 5,428 Sherman, Tex..

10,243 Uniontown, Pa.

7,144 Wyandotte, Kan... 5,183 Red Wing, Minn, 7,525 Shreveport, La.... 16,013 Urbana, II.

5,728 Xenia, Ohio.

8,696 Rensselaer, N.Y. 7,466 Sidney, Ohio... 5,688 L'rbana, Ohio

6,808 Yonkers, N.Y.. 47,931 Richmond, Iod. 18,226 Sioux City, Iowa... 33,111 Utica, N. Y.

56,383 York, Neb....

5,182 Richmond, Va. 85,050 Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 10,966 | Valdosta, Ga.

5,613 York, Pa....

33,708 Riverside, Cal... 1,973 Somersworth, N. H.

7,093 Vallejo, Cal..

7,965 Youngstown, Ohio.. 44.885 Roanoke, Va.

21,495 Somerville, Mass... 61,643 Valparaiso, Ind. 6,980 Ypsilanti, Mich.. 7,878 Rochester, Mion. 6,843 South Amboy, N. J. 6,349 Van Wert, Ohio 6,429 Zanesville, Ohio.... 93,638 Rochester, N. H.... 8,466 South Bend, Ind... 85,999

* Not incorporated. Texarkana, Tex., has 5,256 ; Texarkana, Ark., a separate incorporation, 4,914. Winston, 10,008 ; galem, 3,642-separate places, but practically one town, having only one post-office, Winston-Salem.

POPULATION OF NEW ENGLAND TOWNS NOT INCLUDED IN THE ABOVE TABULATION.
Towys.

Popula
Towxs.

Popula-
Towns.
Popula-

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tion.

Towns. tion.

tion. CONNECTICUT. Brookline...

19,935 Montague......

6,150 Wellesley...

5,072 Branford..

5,706
Bridgewater.
5,806 Natick.
9,488 Westboro..

5,400
Clinton
6,406

13,667 North Attleboro.. East Hartford.

7,953 Westfield.

19,310 Concord

5,659 Northbridge. 19,172

7,036 West Springfield. Greenwich.

7,105 Groton.

5,962
Danvers.
8,542 Norwood
5,480 Weymouth..

11,324
Dedhamn...
6,835

7,457 Orange. Killingly.

5,520 Whitman...

6,155 Manchester..

10,601
Easthampton.
5,603 Palmer.
7,801 Williamstown...

5,013 Orange. Framingham

11.523 Winchendon..
6,995
11,302 Peabody

5,001 Franklin..

5,017 Plymouth. 5,890

9.599 Winchester ..... Southington

7,248 Gardner..

10.813 Revere. Stonington 8,340

10,395 Winthrop......,

6,058 Grent Barrington., 5,854 Rockland MASSACHUSETTS. Greenfield..

7,927 Saugus...:

5,084 RHODE ISLAND. Adams.. 11,184 Hiogham.

5,059 Southbridge..
10,195 Bristol

6,901 Amesbury 9,473 Hudson.. 5,454 Spencer.. 7,627 Burrillville.

6,317 Amherst 5,029 Hyde Park. 13,244 Stoneham. 6,197 Coventry..

3,279 Andover. 6,813 Leomister. 12,392 Stoughton.

5,412 East Providence.

12233 Arlington. 8,603 Marblehead.. 7,582 Wakefield. 9,990 Lincoln..

8.937 Athol. 7,061 Methuen.. 7,512 Ware.. 8,263 Warren

5,108 Attleboro... 11,335 Middleboro.. 6,895 Watertown. 9,706 Warwick.

21,316 Blackstone.. 5,721 Milford. 11,376 Webster.. 8,804 Westerly..

7,541 Braintree.... 5,981 Milton.

6,578)

5,327

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1,356 2.0 1,115 0.6 776 0.8 11,815 2.0
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107 0.2 675 0.3 148 0.1 10, 166 1.7 2,841 4.1 13,174 6.7 6, 908 6.6 29,308 5.0

369 0.5 1.003 0.5 791 0.8 2,989 0.5 33,208 48.4 10,523 5.3 36, 720 35.2 170,738 29.1

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9,690 14.1 70,147 35.6 11, 292 10.8 73,912 12.6
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2,643 2.5 9.499 1.6
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1.694 2.5 3,375 1.7 2, 811 2.7 15. (136 2.6

245 0.4 180 0.1 284 0.3 2,193 0.4
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594 0.9 4, 473 2.3 1, 868 1.8 10, 347) 1.8
236 0.3 5,541 2.8 743 0.7 48.836 8.3
186 0.3 400 0.3 590 0 6 3.251 0.6

92 0.1 308 0.2 153 0.2 1,818 0.3
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664 1.1 4.630 3.7 471 0.5

94 0.2 13,599 10.9 612 0.6 928 1.6 7,839 6.3 25, 403 26. 3 103 0.2 773 0.6 3,641 8.7

49 0.1 373 0.3 231 0.9 2, 301 3 8 10,621 8.5 6.347 66

748 1.3 485 04 589 0.6 38, 219 669 40, 648 3.6 82, 027 33.3

369 0.6 804 0.6 897 04

205 0.4 9,568 7.7 91 0.1 9,114 16.7 13, 120 10.5 6, 419 6.7 917 1.6 3,065 9.5 905 0.9 18 9

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349 0.2 75 0.1 4

769 0.6 1,074 11 89 0.9 3,577 2.9 10,703 11. 1 344 0.6 4,119 3.3 1.738 1.8

34 0.1 144 0.1 116 01 1,976 3.4 3.607 2.9 1,332 1.4

461 0.8 9,179 1.8 2,498 2.6 111 0.2 1,000 0.8 267 0,3 657 1.1 1,290 1.0 491 0.5 240 0.4 1, 490 1 2 101 0.1 40] 0.7 703) 0.6 1,076 1.1

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2,608 0.9 258 0.1 31.516 2.5 2.785 0.9 275, 102 21.7 98,427 33,3 146,433 11.5 17,830 6.0 282

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1,766 0.1 693 0.2 155.201 12. 2 28,961 9.8 19,836 1.61 8,479 2.9 28,320 2.2 2, 143 0.7 8,371 0.7 1,707 0.6

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75 0.1 2.590 2.3 197 0.2 994 1.2 2,151 1.9 4,770 4.1 79 0.1 339 0.3 429 0.4 88

390 0.4 2,171 1.8 8,903 10.5 5.800 5.2 8.966 7.7

573 0.7 1,469 1.3 4,870 4.9 21, 222 25.0 68,781 52.8 35, 194 30.1

62 0.1 368 0.3 244 0.2 2,124 2.5 561 0.5 315 0.3 18.620 21.9 19.421 17.4 15,963 13.6 5,709 6.7 2,227 2.0 7,608 8.4 5

76 0.1 1,459 1.2 63 0.1 172 0.2 2,179 1.8 1.023 1.2 322 0,3 3,515 4.1 1.192 1,1 109 0 1 6,2431 7.4 1,348 1.1 688 0.5

403 0.5 95 0.1 110 0.1 4,107 4.8 4.785 4.3 1,511 1.3 9. 264 2.7 1,264 1.1 3,000 2.6 1,072 1.3 1,116 1,0 6,248 4.5

644 0.61 2,752 2.5 2,085 1.8 2.539 3.0 2381 0.2 386 0.3 1,149) 1.8 1,443 0.3 17,780 15.?

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Less than one-tenth of 1 per cent. † Includes Newfoundland.

Total foreign-born population of Allegheny, Pa., 30,216; Atlanta, Ga., 2,531; Charleston, S.C., 2,592: Columbus, O., 12,328; Denver, Col., 25,301; Fall River, Mass., 50,042; Hartford, Ct., 23,768; Indianapolis, Ind. , 17, 122, Jersey City, N.J., 58,424; Kansas City, Mo., 18,410; Louisville, Ky., 21.427: Lowell, Mass., 40,974; Memphis, Tenn., 5,110; Minneapolis, Irinn., 61,021; Newark; NI.. 71,363; New Haven, ci., 30.802; Paterson. N. J., 38, 791: Providence, R. 1., 65.855; Rochester, N. Y., 40,748; St. Paul, Minn., 46,819; Wasbingion, D. C., 20,119; Worcester, Mass., 37.652,

The City of New York containe (1900) 786, 436 persons of German parentage, wholly or in part: 725, 511 of Irish parentage: 245, 525 of Russian: 218.918 of Italian; 204 109 of English and Scotch: 113. 237 of Anstrian; 63,469 of Polish : 52.430 of Hogarian; 29,441 of French; 44,798 of Swedish; 170.084 of other foreign countries. Total, 2,643.957.

Ninety-four per cent of the foreign-born population is resident in the Northern and 6 per cent in the Southern States.

of the popnlation in the United States, in 1900. 34.8 per cont. was of wholly or partial forelga parentage. This includes 13.7 per cent, of foreign born.

Finances of Largest Cities The Consus Office under date of October 4, 1907, Issued a Bulletin presenting official statistics relating to the finances of cities having a population of over 30,000. This Bulletin summarized the contents of the annual report of the Census Office and covered the year 1905.

POPULATION AND AREA. The number of cities included in this report is 154, of which 15 had over 300.000 Inhabitants, 25 between 100,000 and 300,000, 47 between 50,000 and 100,000, and 67 under 50,000. Of the 154 cities, New York had the largest land area--209,218 acres; New Orleans stood second, with 125,600; Chicago third, with 117,447; Philadelphia fourth, with 81,828, and Duluth fifth, with 40,556. The five cities named re the only ones with over 40,000 acres of land surface. Six cities had over 30.000 acres and less than 40,000. They are st. Louis, Mo., Washington, D. C.; Denver, Colo.; Des Moines, Iowa; St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minn., with areas in the order named. The other cities covering over 20,000 acres were, in the order of decreasing areas: San Francisco, Cal.; Salt Lake City, Utah; Taunton, Mass.; Sioux City, lowa; Los Angeles, Cal.; Oincinnati. Ohlo; Buffalo. N. Y.; Cleveland, Ohio; Boston, Mass.; Springfield, Mass., Portland, Ore.; Worcester, Mass.; Superior Wis.; Detroit, Mich.; San Antonio, Texas; Fall River, Mass.; Wichita, Kans.; Manchester, N. H.; Seattle, Wash., and Haverhill, Mass.

The city having the smallest land area was Hoboken N. J., with 825 acres. There is often great disproportion between the area covered by a city and the number of its inhabitants. Duluth, Minn., with 64.942 inhabitants, takes in more territory than St. Louis, with its 636,973; Salt Lake City, with a population of 6,354 less than Hoboken. includes an area thirty-five times as great. Of the cities containing over 100,000 populatlon, Allegheny. Pa., had the smallest land area --4,726 acres. Paterson, N. J., had the next smallest--5.157 acres; St. Joseph, Mo., the next--6,210 acres; Atlanta, Ga.. the next-7.680; Jersey City, N. J., the next-8,320, and Meinphis, Tenn., the next 0,772 acres.

COSTS OF GOVERNMENT. The costs of government to the taxpayer were represented approximately for the several cities by what the Bureau of the Census calls “corporate payments.

These payments exclude all temporary transactions and payments of one department or fund of the city to another. For the 134 cities they aggregated, in the fiscal year 1905, $572,960,113, of which those of New York City constituted $161, 193, 177, or 28.7 per cent.

Of the 15+ cities whose statistics were presented in this special report, the Census had secured and presented in previous reports and bulletins of 1902, 1903 and 1904, the statistics of 148. The corporate payments for these cities for the four years, 1902 to 190., were as follows: $ 168,747,536, $522.699.016, $.753,229,200 and $569,503,687. The corporate payments or costs of government for these 118 citics for 1903, 1904 and 1905 were 11.5. 18 and 21.5 per cent greater, respectively, than for 1902. The corresponding payments for New York City in the four years mentioned were $129,095,546, $156,886,282, $167,060, 171 and $164, 493.177.

of the total corporate payments of these 154 cities, 66.6 per cent. were for the current expenses of operation and maintenance, including the support of the departments and industries; 32.1 per cent. were for outlays, or improvements of a more or less permanent character; and 1.3 per cent. were for reduction of indebtedness. The corresponding percentages for the cities investigated in 1902 were 71.2 for expenses, 27.3 or outlays and 1.3 for reduction of debt. The relative increase of payments in the four years was, therefore, somewhat greater for permanent improvements ihan for mere expenses of operation and maintenance.

Of cities with estimated population of over 300,000, the per capita corporate payments were largest in Boston and smallest in Milwaukee. Next in order, after Boston. were New York and Washington; and of the cities with small relative cost of government, New Orleans, Detroit and Chicago are close rivals with Milwaukee.

or the payments for general expenses, 61.8 per cent. were for salaries and wages, and 38.2 per cent were for other purposes. In 1904 the corresponding percentages were 61.7 and 38.3, respectively. The per 'cents. of the total expenses formed by those of the principal departments or branches of service were as follows: Schools, 25.9; Police Departnient, 12.7; highways, 10.8; interest on public debt, 10.1; Fire Department. 9.5; general government, 9; sanitation, including costs of Health Department, sewers, etc.. charities, 5.7; recreation, including parks, 3; miscellaneous protection of life and property. 1.7; libraries, 1.2, and other unclassified, 1.6.

RECEIPTS. During the fiscal year 1905 the corporate receipts for the 154 cities were $575, $14,774, The corresponding receipts for the 148 cities for which the Bureau of the Census secured reports for the years 1902 to 1905 were as follows: $ 176,668,973, $528,586,951, $388,611.560 and $572, 404,512. It is to be noted that these receipts were largest in 1904, and smallest in 1902. As compared with 1902, the receipts were greater by 10.9 per cent. in 1903, by 23.5 per cent. in 1904 and 20.1 per cent. in 1905.

Of the corporate receipts of the 154 cities in 1905, 66.5 percent. were derived from general revenues, including taxes, licenses and kindred sources; 20.7 per cent. from cominercial revenues, including those from quasi private industries, and receipts in fees, charges, etc., for services performed, and 12,8 per cent. from loans which increased city indebtedness. The corresponding percentages for 1902 were 68.3. 19.3 and 12.4. These percentages indicate a slight tendency for the receipts from cominercial revenues and from loans to increase faster than those from general revenues, or from taxation.

of the commercial revenues, the most important were those derived from quasi privato industries operated by cities. Of these industries, city water-works take the first place. and docks and wharves the second. The total municipal income from water-works in 1905 was $47,657,937, of which amount New York City received $9,748,870. The aggregate

an

FINANCES OF LARGEST CITIES- Continued.

receipts from docks and wharves were $3,459,03S, of which amount New York City received $3,097,950.

of the general revenue receipts, $309.441.271 Tere derived from general property taxes and from penalties for dela ved payment thereof; $9.858.JS2 were from special property and business taxes; $1.063,922 from poll taxes, and $37.032.593 from licenses and permits, of which amount $:29,616,245 were derived from liquor licenses and taxes, The amount of $2.875,882 was received from fines and forfeits; $24,029,267 from subventions and grants from other civil divisions and from private donations and gifts, and $194,018 was obtained from miscellaneous sources.

MUNICIPAL QUASI PRIVATE INDUSTRIES. The report presented a number of tables relating to the operation of quasi private industries by the 134 cities. Among those tables was one giving detailed data relating to the value, indebtedness, earnings, costs of operation and earning capacity of the waterWorks of the several cities. The table showed the earning capacity of these water-works on three different bases: (1) Excess of actual receipts from the public over the actual payments for operating expenses; (2) excess of the actual receipts from the public, plus an estimated charge for the value of water used by the city for public purposes, over the actual payments for operating expenses, plus an allowance of 3 per cent of the value of the plant-this allowance being for depreciation and Sinking Fund provisions, and (53) excess of the receipts, etc., as in (2), over the costs and allowance given in (2), plus an estimate of the taxes which the city would have received had the industry been oper. ated as a private enterprise. On the three bases, as above described, there was computed the principal which would produce the resulting excess of receipts it that principal earned the rate per cent, which the individual city pays on its outstanding indebtedness.

The total reported present value of water-works in these 154 cities was $335.957.239; the outstanding indebtedness incurred by reason of water-works was $270,733,611. The (arning capacity on the basis first described was $593, S38,778; on the basis described under (2) was $354,170,467; while on the basis last described it was only $199.263,378. A few cities showed no earning capacity on any of these bases, and only a very few showed such capacity, on the third basis, equal to the cost, or even to the reported valuation of the plant. Among the cities last referred to was New York, with water-works which were reported to have cost $139,085,000, and whose present value was returned as $74,672,087; these water-works had an earning capacity on basis (1) of $195,592,617, on basis (2) of $151, 576,794, and on basis (3) of $119,043,029. Another such city was Chicago, with water-works whose cost and present value were both reported as $39.099,236; these waterworks had an earning capacity on basis (1) of $62,569,250, on basis (2) of $46,267,925, and on basis (3) of $12.172.250.

The reports stated that a great difficulty was experienced in obtaining comparative statistics of the cost of quasi private industries, principally because of the lack of uniformity in the methods of public accounting. Scarcely any two industries are operated with the same concept of the end to be obtained or the results to be secured in order that the management may be called a success.

The value of all properties of quasi private industries at the close of the fiscal year 1905 was $831.369.707. The outstanding indebtedness on their account was reported as $ 145,572,406, showing that, taken as a whole, the 154 cities had earned from revenues nearly one-half of the costs of these industrial plants. This arge relative payment for tie plants of quasi private industries, and the small relative amount of bondeu indebtedness by reason of their establishment, is in marked contrast to the condition of affairs among the larger cities of Great Britain.

CITY DEBT. The total indehtedness of the 154 cities in 1903 was $1,618,414.005, of which $1,444,72,5,797 was classed as "funded" and the remainder as "floating." Of that remainder, $75, 491,792 was classed as **revenue or tax loans''; $77,982,998 as “special assessment loans'', $18,950,122 as “outstanding warrants," and $1,260,296 as “miscellaneous obligatins, of the aggregate indebtedness thus reported by the 154 cities, $1.521.630.014 was incurred by the city government, $36,822,609 by independent school districts for the same territory as the city, and $39,060,492' by civil divisions having such similar territory and also authorized to incur debt.

The total indebtedness of the 148 cities for which reports were received for the years 1902 to 1905 was $1,297,735,510 in 1902; $1,396,121,820 in 1903; $1,528,724,360 In 1904, and $1,010,074,280 in 1905.

The indebtedness, less Sinking Fund assets, for these 148 cities for the years mentioned was $1,026.228.373, $1,106.327.124, $1,225,851,090 and $1,290,678,632. In four years the population of these cities increased 7.9 per cent., while the indebtedness, less Sinking Fund assets, increased 25.8 per cent., or more than three times the per cent. of in('rease of population. As a result, the per capita net indebtedness, which was $51.14 in 1902, had risen to $39.48 in 1905.

COSTS OF MAINTAINING PUBLIC SCHOOLS. The report presents a table showing the costs of maintaining free public schools for the several cities, including in such costs the interest on investments in school buildings and grounds. The relative investments of the cities in school property may be noted by the varying amounts allowed for interest on such investments, These varied from 7 cents Der capita in Charleston, S. C., and 22 cents in Atlanta, Ga., to $1.33 in Denver, Colo., $1.35 in Pueblo, Colo.; $1.43 in Newton, Mass., and $1.5. in Spokane, Wash. In like manner the aggregate per capita costs of maintaining schools, including the foregoing allowance for interest. varied from $1.57 in Charleston, S. C.; $1.96 in Knoxville, Tenn., and $1.98 in Montgomery, Ala., to $7.22 in Boston, Mass.; $7.90 in Newton, Mass.; $8.40 in Spokane, Wash, and $8.67 in Pueblo. Colo. A part of the great variation is due to incorrect estimates of the value of school property and in the case of the two cities last mentioned, to a probable low estimate of city population.

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