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Population of the United States,
DWELLINGS, FAMILIES, HOMES, AND DENSITY.
(Compiled from the Reports of the Census of 1900.)

1,429

Iowa ....

12,204 24.296

82.1

Homes,

DENGITY OF BRATES AND

POPULATION
TERRITORIES,
Total

Owned.t
Total
Dwellings. Families.

Hired. Unknown.
Free. Mortgaged. Unknown.

1890. 1900. Alabama. 362,295 874,765 91,692 20,549 7.208 231,180 17,351 29.4

85.6 Alaska 10.505 13,469 7,190

1,644
3,327

0.1 Arizona

20.763 29.875 13,269 1,009 1,049 10,545 1,955 0.8 1.1 Arkansas

259,004 266,238 95,510 16,469 7,848 130,411 19,183 21.3 24.7 California 813,217 841,781 100,228 40,216 6,550

162,275 10,421 7.8 9.5 Colorado 120,364 127,459 39.000 12,923 3,042 61,386 6.998

4.0 -5.9 Connecticut. 159,677 203,494 87,930 87,496

119,094 4,691 151.0 187 6 Delaware 38,191 39,446 7,753 5,115 767

23,835 1,531 86.01 94 3 District of Columbia, 49,385 56,678

8,441 4,261 296

40,753 1,714 3,839.9 4,645 3 Florida...

113,394 117.001 40,810 5,469 4,651 55.920 6,779 7,2 9.7 Georgia 436,1531 455,557 101,114 17,603 10,950 291,447

29,598 81.2 37.6 Hawaii 32,360 36,922 5,172

438

711
21,086 2,356

83.9 Idaho.. 36,487 37,491 20,163 3,215

992

9.218 2.231 1.1 1.9 Illinois

845,830 1,036,158 273,594 161,616 16,388 547.369 95,233 68.3 86.1 Indiana

562.490 671,613 200,035 103,643 8,605 342,588 12.201 61.1 70.1 Indian Territory

75.039 76,701

17.809
463 6,259 47,746 3,740 6.8

19.6 468,652 480,878 163,640 112,877 6,243 183,063 10.897 84.5 40.3 Kansas 814,370 8:21,947 110,784

61.504
4.998 126,240

9.89

17.5 18.0 Kentucky 413,974 437,054 172,042

35,034

11,066 204,009 12,077 46.5 83.7 Louisiana 269,395 284,875 64,861

0,510 181,577 16.397 24.61 Bw. Maine 118,507 163,344 76,202

2.979 66,0:28 4,033 22.1

93.2 Maryland 221,706 242,331 68,577

27,108

6,017 135,353 13,782 106.71 120.5 Massachusetts 451.363 613,659 108.766 93,502

3,859 879.696 19,050 278.5

348.9 Michigan 5:1,648 648,094 191,863 128,239 9,474

198,078 14,004 86.5 Minnesota 317,037 849,658 136,181

74,654

7,354
118,034

11.001 16.6
Mississippi.
310.963 318.948 73,159 23,517 5,969 194,637 18,832 97.8

83.6 Missouri 693,5:38 651,333 193,229

118,742 10,273

807,493 17,136 39.0 46.2 Montana 53,779 35,889 29,656

8,398 1,809
20,556) 3.006 1.0

1.7 Nebraska 213 972 220,947 71,133 44,242 5,330

90,711 6,574 13.8 18.9 Nevada.... 10,960 11,1901 5.636

543 332 8,134 827 0.4 0.4 New Hampshire 86,635 97,902 30,839 12,989 1,765 42,840 3.101 41.8

45.7 New Jersey 821.032 415,222 61,750

69,804

4,496 259,848 13,090 193.8 260.3 New Mexico

44.903 46,355 26,652 632 1,939 13,118 3,169 1.3 1.6 New York .......

1,035,180 1,634,533 277,767 230,870 12,900 1,043 800 42,883 128.1 162.6 North Carolina. 300,491 370,073 130.650 24,735 9,837

188,162
14,181

33.3 89.0 North Dakota 63,319 64,690 83,409

13,710

2,044 11,863 2,334 2.7 4 5 Ohio.. 867,6:36 944,433 317,012 149,376 15,204 431,301

21,781 90.1 102.0 Oklahoma .....

85,309
86.908 50.246

6,532

2,984 23,157 3.010 2.0 10.3 Oregon

87,523

91,914 37,284 10 771 2,119 33,745 3,626 3.4 4.4 Pennsylvania.

1,236,938 1,320,025 826,687 174.920 22,236) 742,385 36,946 116.9 140.1 Rhode Island..

67,816 94,179 14.506 10,780 723 64,352 2,364 818.4 407.0 South Carolina

259,3021
269,864 57,138 13,994

6,9222 174,448

16,357 88.9 44.4 South Dakota.. 81,863 83,536 37,153 17,115 2,514 22 610

2,895 4.5 6.2 Tennessee, ... 385,588 402.536 146.763

20,995 11,417 206,077 13,765 49.3 48.4 Texas

670,784 589,291 196,165 50.160 15,608 299,312 20,810 8.5 11.6 Utah 63,490 66.196 31,314 4.292 1.038 17,012

1,472 2.8

8.4 Vermont..

76,021 81,462 26,712 19,603 1,377 81,014 1,794 86.4 87.6 Virginia..

347,159 364,517 133,836 20,530 10.208 177,081 13,088 41.3 46.2 Washington ....

106,622 113,086 44,691 10,421 2,102 45,113 4,854 6.3 7.7 West Virginia 180,715 186,291 77,972 14.831 6,666 80,759

4,652

31.0 88.9 Wisconsin 899.017 426.1163 161,069

104,906

7,985

137,009 9,308 31.1 88.0 Wyoming 19,664 20.116 7,779 1,078 817

7,388

1,870 0.6 0.9 Total....

14,474,7771 16,239,797! 4,739,914) 2,180,229 298,612' 8,246,747) 540,435 21.21 85.6 *The average size of familles was 4.7 persons in 1900, against 5 in 1880 and 6.0 in 1850. Of the 15,963,886 private families in 1900, 14,042,346 had male heads and 1,921,419 female lads.

tor 7,218,755 persons owning their homes in 1900, 5,064,848 were pativo whites, 1,730,970 were foreign wbites, 372, 444 were negroes, 48,219 were lydians, and 2,274 Chinese and Japanese.

The density of population is obtained by dividing the population of each State and Territory and of the United States by its total land area in square miles at each census. In computing depsity of population for the United States, the areas and population of Alaska and Hawail in 1900. or Alaska in 1890, and of Indian Terrritory in 1860, 1870, and 1880 are not considered. The area of Indian reservations, outside of Indian Territory, is mcluded in tbe area of the States and Territories in which they are severally situated, and in that of the United States, prior to 1890, altbough the populatiou of these Indian reservations was not ascertained, and, for this reason, cannot be considered lu figuring density of population at the censuses prior to 1890.

The density of population of the Uvited States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawall, according to the Census of 1900, is 25.6-that is, there were in the United States in 1900, on the average, 25.6 inhabitants to the square mile, using land surface only. At the Census of 1790 there were less than 6 inhabitants to the square mile, so that the density of the population of the country has increased in 110 years more than overold, although the land area of the country in 1900, exclusive of Alaska and Hawall, was more whan three and one-half ulmes what it was in 1790.

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Both sexes...... 76,303,387 100.0 Males.

39,059,243 100.0 Fenales

37,344,145 100.0 Single 44,187 155 57.9 Single. 23,cr,.56 60.61 Single

20 520,3191 55.1 Marrie 87,849.761 36.5 Married

11,003,798

35 9
Married.

13,846,93 37.2 Widowed. 3,903,857 5.1 Widowed.

1,182.293

3.01

Widowed. 2,721,564 73 Divorced. 199,868 0.3 Divorced

84.413 0.2 Divorced..

114.965

0.3 Uuknown. 162.7461 0.3 Unknown 121.4121 0.311 Uuknown

41,3341 0.1 NOTk. - The figures relating to conjugal condition are not absolute, as the statements as to those married and married are apt to be incorrectly reported, partly throngo uminteational misstatement and partly through a desire to conceal the facts For instance, an incorrect return may be made through lack of knowledge, in the case of boarders and lodgers (particularly meu) ivho are reported ay single when in fact they are or have been married; or from motives of concealment, in the case of divorced persons who report themselves a single, of couples who have separated but are not legally divorced, or of persons who are not lawfully married.

POPULATION ACCORDING TO ILLITERACY.

CAN READ CAN XEITHER

CAN READ CAX NEITHER BUT CAN READ Xor

BUT CAN READ NOR GENERAL NATIVITY Aggre- NOT WRITR,

WRITE.
GENERAL NATIVITY Aggre. NOT WRIT.

WRITE AND COLOR. gale.

AND COLOR,

gale.
Per
Number.

Per
Per

Per
Number.

Number

Xember.

C't Aggregate... 6,180,069 955 843 15.5 3,934,226 84.5 Colored (total)... 2,979,323 309,884 10.4 2,669.439 89.6 White (total).. 3:200.746 645,959 20.9 2.554.787 79.8 Persons of

Native white... 1.913,611 446,263 23.3 1,469,348 76, 7 negro descent 2,863,194 306,303 19.7 2,646.891 89.3 Native parents 1.734,764 410,013 23.6 1.324,761 76.4 Chinese...

25,3343 1,024 4.0 94 372 26.0 Forgo parents 178,847 35.250 19.7 143,597 80.3 Japanese.

137 3.1 4,349,4.9 Foreign white.' 1,287 135 200.694 lo.o 1,040, 439 84.4 Indian..

96,3471 2,430 2.5 93.927 97.5 These returns do not apply to the literacy of persons of less than ten years of age.

For enumeration of Illiterates by States, see table of "Population According to School Age and Voting Age."

POPULATION WHICH CANNOT SPEAK ENGLISH.

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BOTH SEXES. MALK.
FEMALES.

BOTH SEXKS.
GENERAL NATIVITY

GENERAL NATIVITY AND COLOR, Num l'er Num Per Num

l'er

AND COLOR, Xum- Per
ber. C't ber.
her. C'

ber. Cept Native white-for

Japanese

14.843 1.1 eign parents. 65,078 4.6 28,164 4.2 36,84: 5.0 Indian.....

72,583 5.2 Foreign white.. 1,917,280 86.7 E3,982 84.9 66.3,298 89.1 Chinese ... 33,498 2.4 81,191 4.6 2,307: 0.31

Aggregate....... 1,403,212!100.0 These returns embrace only persons of ten years of age and over.

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670.094 100.0 73,118 100.0

Population of the United States,
ACCORDING TO SCHOOL AGE AND VOTING AGE

(Compiled from the Reports of the Census of 1900.)

SCHOOL AGK,
FIVE TO TWENTY YEARS.

VOTING AGE.
STATES AND
TERRITORIES.
Total.

Native
Whites. Negroes. | Total.

Foreign
Born.
Born.

Whites. Negroes, tilliterales. Alabama

733,922 894,152 338,980 413,862 405,598 8,264 232,294 181,471 139,649 Alaska ...

11,408 1,718 10 37,976 26,489 11,467 25,953 141 10,735 Arizona

38,868 28,371 365 44,081 30,306 13,775 34,911 1,084 10,583 Arkausas.

529,375 380,815 148,534 313,836 305,464 8,373 226,597 87,157 62,615 California 420.081 405,868 3,025 544,087 318,817

225,270 489,545 3,711 83,508 Colorado....

160,531 157.752 2,0431 185,708 133,935 51,773 181,616 8,215 7,689 Connecticut.

257.101 252,760 ) 4,372 280.340 173,948 107,092 275,126 4,576 .8,984 Delaware,

69,635 48,782 10.8491 54,018 47,202 6.816 45,592 8,374 7,538 District of Columbia 77,291 51.212 26,046 83,823 73,722 10.101 60,318 83,072 7.052 Florida ..

197.600 110.537 86,908 139,601 127,805 11.736 77.962 61,417 30.849 (ieorgia.

885,725 457.958 441,741 500,752 493,710 7,012 277,496 229,073 158,947 Hawaii

33,774 23,827

791
79,607 13,064 66,543 19,576

93

27,383 Idabo,

54,964 53,261 69 53,932 38,185 15,747 50.328 130 2,906 Tilinois ..........

1,589,915 1,565,606 24,238 1,401,456 932.574 468,882 1,370,209 29.762 67,481 Indiana... 843,885 825,394 18,389 720,206 646.889 73,317 701,761

18,186 40.016 Indian Territory.. 159,125 121,420 14,884 97,361 94,361 3,000 77,865

9,146

15,489 Iowa...

767,870 763,785 3,912 635,298 477,273 158.025 630,665 4,441 17.(61 Kansas

627,560 507.611 18,878 413,786 346,761 67,025 398,552 14,695 14,214 Kentucky

798,027 693,455 104,512 543.996 518,772 25,224 469,206 74,728 102,5-38 Louisiana..

639,267 276,563 261,453 325 943 299,772 26,171 477,878 147,348 122.638 Maine..

199,153 198,519 369 217,663 178,931 38,732 216,856 445 13,952 Maryland.. 403,026 318,052 84,946 321.903 279,316 42,687 260,979 60,406

40 352 Massachusetts..... 778,110 769,710 7,996 843,465

495.734

347 731 830.049 10,4561 63.694 Michigan...

790,275 783,220 4,814 719,478 457,353 962,125 712,245 5.1931 39,230 Minnesota 612,990 608,547 1,063

506,794 245,768 261,026 502,384 2,168 20,785 Mississippi 633,026 253 153 378,923 349,177 344,151

5.026 150,630 197,938 118,057 Missouri 1,107,258 1,049,414 53, 767 856,684 743,659 113,025

809,797 46,418 60,327 Montana 65.871 61,032 289 101,931

58,237 43,694 94,873 711 5.900 Nebraska.

386,384 383,299 1,781 301,091 209,961 91,130 297,817 2,298 Nevada

11,399 9,703

18 17,710

10,523

7,187 14,652 70 2,271 New Hampshire. 110.896 110,708

172 130,987 96,099 34,888 130,648 930 10.99 New Jersey

572,923 553,230

19,585

555,608 357,447 198,161 532,750 21.474 38,306 New Mexico. 69,712 64,137 401 55,067 47,482 7,585 50,804

775

15 583 New York

2,146.764 2,119,156 25,476 2,184,965 1,346,829 838.136 2,145,057 31,425 130,004 North Carolina,

753,826 490,782 260,755 417,578 415,048 2,530 389,263 127,114 122,658 North Dakota ...

112,789 110,193

97 95,217 39,344 55.873 9.237 115 5,158 Ohio

1,338,345 1,308,610 22,8041,212,232 985,969 236,254 1.180,599 31,235 58,698 Oklahonia,

147.656 135,960 7,106 109,191 100,528 8,663 101,543 4,837 6,479 Oregon 132.887 129,875 201 144,446 101.923 42.523 131,261

580

6,978 Pennsylvania.

2,031,171 1,986,430 43,394 1,817,239 1,330,099 487,140 1,763,482 51,668 139.982 Rhode Island 124,646 122,223 2,403 137,144 72.820 54.324 124 001 2,765

11.675 South Carolina.

560,773 218,323 342,401 283,325 280,221 3,104 130,375 152,860 99,516 South Dakota. 147,165 140,461 134 112,681 67,079 45,602 107,353 184

5,442 Tennessee.

780,421 589,451 190.925 487,380 477,739 9,641 376,046 119,236 105,851 "Texas.

1,215,634 955.906 259,491 737.768 650.599 87,169 599,961 136,875 113,783 Utah.

106,513 103,378 136 67,172 41.939 25,333 65.205 358 2,470 Vermont. 98,614 98,357 205

108,356

87,465 20,891 108,027 289 8,644 Virginia

704,771
435,612 268,962

447,815 436,289 11,426 301,379 146,132 113,353 Washington...

159,245 153,180 598 195.572 126,190 69,382 183,999 1,230 6.635 West Virginia.

856,471 341.637 14,823) 347,970 235, 036 12,934 233,129 14,7815 32,066 Wisconsin.

730,685 726,950 661 570,715 313 188 257,527 567.213 1,005 81,138 Wyoming

27.500 26,607 215 37,898 26,563 11,335 36,262 481 1.636 Total

26,110,788 22,490,211 3,500,194 21,329 819 16,227,285 5,102,534 19,036,113 2,065.989 2,33,295 * Including all persons in the military and naval service of the United States. t Including all persons of negro descent.

The whole number of persons of school age-that is, from 5 to 20 years of age, inclusive-in 1900 is 26.110,788, of whom 21.573,492 are from 5 to 17 years of age and 4,537, 296 from 18 to 20 years of age. These figures include, however, 217.523 persons of school age reported in Alaska, Hawaii, Indian Territory, and on Indian reservations. Eliminating the latter from the account there are native born. 24,689,118, foreign horn, 1.204,147; native white (native parents). 14,775,476; native white (foreigh parents), 6.371.221; foreign white, 1,193, 443; colored, 3,553, 125; persous of negro descent, 3,485,188; males, 12.972.994; females, 12, 920,271.

The number of males of voting age is 21,329,819, of which there are native born, 16, 227,285; foreign born, 5, 102,534; native white (native parents), 10.636.898 ; native white (foreigu parents), 3,466,721 ; foreign white, 4,932,524 ; colored, 2, 293, 676 ; persons of negro descent, 2,065,589.

The ratio of population to males of voting age in the entire country is 3.6. This ratio varies, however, for the several elements of the population, the ratio of negro population to negro males of voting age being 4.3.

AREA.-According to the Census of 1900, the largest county in the United States is Custer County, Montana, which has 20,490 square miles. The smallest is Bristol County, Rhode Island, which has 25 square miles.

Population of the United States.

Spain ......

(Compiled from the Reports of the Census of 1900.)
FOREIGN POPULATION ACCORDING TO COUNTRY OF BIRTH.
Africa..

2,577
France.........

104.534 | Poland (unknown).. 20, 436 Asia" 11.927 Germany ........... 2.669. 164 Portugal. ...irin:

87,144 Atlantic islands.... 10,955 Greece.

8.055 Roumania..

15,043 Australia... 7,041 Holland 105.098 Russia......

424,372 Austria, .... 276,702 Hungary.. 145.815 Scotland.

234.699 Belgiun 29.818 India 2.069 South America

4,814 Bohemia 156.999 Ireland... 1,619. 169

7,284 Canada (English)t. 787,798 Italy

481,703 Sweden...

574.625 Canada (French)t. 39.5, 427

Japan
81,590 Switzerland

115,959 (entral America.

3,911
Luxembourg
3,012 Turkey

9. 949 (hina 106,659 Mexico 103, 415 Wales

93 744 Cuba...

11.159
Norway,
338, 126 West Indies

14, 468 Denmark. 154.616 Pacific islands.

2,659 Other countries...

2,587 England 843, 491 Poland (Austrian).. 58,503 Born at sea.......

8,310 Europet

2,272 Poland (German)... 150.2:32 Fiulaud 63,440 Poland (Russian)...

151. 124 Total foreign born. 10, 460,085 *Except China, Japin, and India. tIncludes Newfoundland. INot otherwise specified. SExcept Philippine Islands. [Except Cuba and Porto Ric).

1

POPULATION OF FOREIGN PARENTACE.

Having One

Having One Having Both Parent Bain

Having Both Parent Bar SPECIFIED

Total.
Parents as Specified SPECIFIED

Total.

Parents as specifid COUNTRIES.

Born as and one
COUNTRIES.

Born as

Dit One Specifieil. l'srent

Specified. Punt Native.

Native Austria, 434,728 408,195 26,533 Poland

687,711 668.536 19,175 Bohemia.. 356, 565 325,400 31,465 kussia..

683,360 669,810 16,550 Canada, EngAsh 1,319,141 683, 110 635,701 Scotland

623,350 421,192 202.158 Canada, French, 812,621 6:35,972 176,649 Sweden,

1,081,812 998,538 86,304 Denmark 3018.188 266,762 41,736 Switzerland.

2.55,278 187,924 67.354 England 2,1 16,271 1,364,159 782.112 Wales......

216.596 173,416 73,180 France

267,257 171,317 $5,910 Other countries. 1,079,366 912,055 167,311 Germany

7,832,681 6,244,799 1,587 892 Of mixed forHungary

216,102 210,307 6,095 eigu parentage 1,340,678 1 340,678 Ireland.

4,981,047 4,001,461 979,586 Italy....

7:32,121 706,598 25,823 All classes .... Norway..

787,836 684,100 103,7:36 These returns embrace persons born in foreigu countries as well as native born persons having one or both parents born in foreign countries.

20,198,939 21,074,679 5,124,260

NUMBER OF INHABITANTS JUNE 1, 1900, TO EACH VOTE CAST

NOVEMBER 6, 1900, Salt Lake City, Utah.2.73 Rochester, N. Y.... 4.60 Buffalo, N. Y. ..... 5.17 Boston, Mass....... 6.70 Dayton, Ohio....... 3.79 St. Louis, Mo...... 4.60 Minneapolis, Minn, 5 24 Lawrence, Mass.

6. 73 Albany, N.Y....., 3.82 Toledo, Ohio. 4.64 Hartford, Cl...... 5.27 Portland, Ore.. 7.11 Columbus, Ohio.. 3.89 New Flaveni, Ci.... 4.72 San Francisco, Cal. 5.42 Lowell, Mass....... 7.14 Grand Rapids, Mich 4.03 Kansas City. Kan.. 4.75 Philadelphia. Pa... 5.51 St. Joseph, Mo..... 7.71 Cincinnati, Ohio... 4. 22 Elizabeth, N....... 4.50 New York, N.Y... 5.66 Somerville, Mass... 7.88 Syracuse, N.Y.. 4.9 Milwaukee, Wis... 4.90 Manchester, N. II.. 5,86 Providence, R.I.... 7.99 Camden, V. J. 4.30 Omaha, Neb. 4.94 Hoboken, NJ.... 5.92 (ambridge, Mass... 8.09 Kansas City, Mo... 4.33 Cleveland, Ohio.... 4.95 Springfield, Mass.. 6.14 Richmond, Va..... 8.57 Des Moines, Towa.. 4.35 Louisville, Ky. 4.95 Duluth, Minn. 6.1.5 New Bedford, Mass 8.92 Utica, Y.Y... 4.36' Newark, N. J...... 4.97 Lynn, Mass.. 6.22 Fall River, Mass... 9.27 Trenton, NJ 4:37) Paterson, N.J. .... 4.99 Portland, Me....... 6.30 New Orleans, Li,..12.64 Baltimore, Mu. 4.50 Jersey City, N.J... 5.05 Seattle, Wash.... 6,30 Savannah, Ga.. 16.18 Wilmington, Del.. 4.57 Bridgepori, C1...... 5.11 St. Paul, Minn..... 6.40 Atlanta, Ga........17.61 Chicago, m........ 4.58 Detroit, Mich...... 5.16 Worcester, Jass... 6,50

This table shows how very wide of the mark in nearly all of these cities would be an estimate of the population inade by multiplying the vote cast by any single ratio, and that this method of estimating a city's population is without foundation.

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION BY TOPOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. Prairie region... ... 13,300.9701 Appalachian valley. 4,499,072 (ireat plains....

1,052,719 New England bills...... 10,260,153 Coastal plain (west of

Pacific valley

99,363 Lake region 9,571.215 Mississippi River).... 1.974.677 Rocky Mountain.

592,872 Interior timbered region 8,199,760 Coast lowlands.

1,865,952 (reat basin..

375,345 Piedmont region.. 6,809,103 Mississippi alluvial re

('olumbian mesas,

356,758 Coastal plain (east of

gion....
1,227,094 Plateau region.

201.069 Mississippi River). .... 6,427.635 Ozark hills..

1.303,20 Allegheny plateau. ...... 6,070,246 Coast ranges...

1,079,992 Continental U.S.... 75,994,575 This tahle shows that the Prairie region and the New England hills include over three-tenths (31 per cenu), and with the Lake region and the Interier timbered region over one half (64,3 per cented of the population of the country,

Negro Population of the United States.

COMPILED FROM BULLETIN NO. 8 OF THE BUREAU OF THE CENSUS.

(For negro population of the United States by States In 1900, see page 397.)

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No enumeration of mulattoes was taken in 1900. The returns of 1890 include quadroons and octoroons. † The whole United States being 100 per cent., the ratios slow what proportiou of the whole resides in each specified State. ILess than one-tenth of one per cent.

The ten counties in the United States having the largest negro population are, in percentages, Iss na, Miss., 94.0; Tensas, La., 93. Mar son, La., 92.7: East Carr La., 91.6, Beaufort, s.c. 90,5Tunica, lliss., 90,5; Washington, Miss., 89.7; Coaloma, Miss., 88.2; Letiore, Miss., 88.2; Bolivar, Miss., 88.1.

The negro population of cities having the largest number of negroes in 1900 was: Washington, D.C., 86,702: Baltimore, Md., 79,258; Vw Orleans, La., 77,714: Philadelphia, Pa., 6:2,613: New York City, 60,666; Memphis, Tem., 19,910: Louisville, Ky., 39,139; Atlanta, Ga., 35,727 St. Louis, Mo., 35,516; Richmoud, Va., 32,230; Charleston, s. C., 31,522; Chicago, Illi., 30,150: Nashville, Tenu.. 30,044; Savannah, Ga., 28,050,

More than three-fourths (77.3 per cent.) of the negroes live in the country districts.
Illiteracy amoug negroes is about seven times as cominon as among whites.
There are 3,992,337 negroes in Continental United States engaged in gainful occupations.

The death rate of negroes in the registration area in 1900 was 30.2 per cent.; that of whites in the same area was 17.3 per cent.

The proportion of negro children to negro women 15 to 49 years of age was largest in 1880 and smallest in 1900. There has been uniformly a larger proportion of negro children than of while children. That difference more than doubled between 1860 and 1880, but in 1900 it was less than half

what it was in 1880 and less than at any other census except 1860.

Though the negroes have a larger proportion of children than the whites, it has been noticed that the whites of the South have a larger proportion than the whites in other sections of the country.

At the two censuses preceding the livil War, the proportion of children for the two races at the South was substantially the same. The immediate etfect of the Civil War and Reconstruction, if the tigures of 1870 may be trusted to that extent, was to reduce the proportion of children among Southern whites by about one-eighth, and among negroes by about one twenty-fifth. The following decade saw an increase in the proportion for each race, but as the decrease among the negroes, 1860 to 18.0, has been less, so was the increase, 1870 to 1880, greuter. But between 1880 and 1900 there was a decrease of 160 in the number of negro children at the South to 1,000 negro women, and a derregsrofonly 75 white children to 1,000 white women. As a result, in 1900 there were for the first time more white children than negro children at the South to 1,000 women.

NEGRO SLAVES IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1790. New Hampshire, 158; Vermont, 17; Rhode Island, 952; Connecticut, 2,759; New York, 21,324; New Jersey, 11,423, Pennsylvania, 3,737; Delaware, 8,887; Maryland, 103,036; Virginia, 203,427; North Carolina, 100,572, South Carolina, 107,097; đeorgia, 29,264; Tennessee, 3,417; Kentucky 11,830. Totul Slaves, 697,897. Total population, 3,929,214.

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