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Grain Statistics.

ORAIN PRODUCTION OF THE UNITED STATES.
ONITED STATES Census reports of the production of the principal cereals in the several census
years to 1890, with the reports of the Department of Agriculture for 1892-1906.
EARS, Indian Corn. Wheat,

Outs.
Barley.

Rye. Buckwheat,
Bushels,

Bushels. Bushels. Bushels, Bushels. Bushels. 1860

838, 792,742 173, 104,924 172.643 185 15.825, 898 21.101.380 17,571,818 1870

760,944,549 287,745,626 282.107.157 - 29.761.305 16,918, 795 9.821.721 1880

1,754.861.535 459, 479,503 407.858.900 44.113.495 19.831.595 11.817.327 1890

1,469,970.000 399,262.000 523.621 000 67,168,344 25, 507,472 12, 432,831 1892

1.828, 464.000 615,949.000 601.035.000 80,096.762 27.978,824 12, 143, 185 1893.

1,619.496,131 396,131.725 638,854,850 69,869,495 26.555, 446 12, 132,311 1894.

1,212,770, 052 460, 267,410 662,086,928 61,400, 465 26, 727,616 12,668, 200 1895

2,151, 139,000 467.103,000 824,444.000 87,373.000 27. 210.000 15,341,000 1896

2,283,875,000 427,684.000 707,346,000 69,695.000 24.360,000 14,090,000 1897

1,902,967,933 530,149,168 698,737.809 66.685 127 27.363.324 14.997, 451 1898

1,924,185.000 675,149,000 730 905,000 55.792.000 25.657.000 11.722.000 1899

2.078, 143,933 517,303, 846 796.177.713 73.381,563 23.961.741 11.094,471 1900

2,105, 102.516 522, 2:29.505 809.125.989 58.925.833 23,995, 927 9.506, 966 1901

1,522,519,891 748.460.218 736,808.724 109 932, 9:24 30.344,830 15,125,939 1902

2,523,648, 312 670,063, 008 987.842,712 134.951, 0:23 33, 630, 502 14,529, 770 1903

2,244.176,925 6.37,821, 835 784,094, 199 131.861 391 29.363, 416 14.243, 644 1904

2,487, 480.934 552.399.517 894 595.562 130 748,958 27, 241.515 15,008.336 190.5

2.707,993,540 692.979.489 963, 216.197 1:36.651.020 28. 485.952 14.585.082 1906

2,927, 416,091 735, 260,970 964,904,522 178,916,484 33,374,833 14,641,937

Indications of crops for 1907 in bushels : Indian coru, 2,5:33, 732.000; wheat, 625,567,000; oats, 741,521,000; barley, 147, 192,000; rye, 31,566,000; buckwheat, 13,911,000.

THE WHEAT CROP OF THE WORLD, IN BUSHELS, 1906.* COUNTRIES, Busliels. COUNTRIES.

Bushels. COUNTRIES. Bushels. United States 735, 261,00 Spain .

151,000,000 Australasia

77.694,000 (anada 132,510,000 France 324.725.000 Mexico .....

5,000.00 Argentina 1.34,931.00 Germany 114,754.000 Russia in Asia

66,000. 1 00 Chile 15,800,000 Belgium

13,000,000 Turkey in Asia. 33.000.000 Austria 58, 255, 000 Great Britain 60, 954,000 Croatia...

10,343.00 Hungary. 197, 408,000 Portugal. 8,000,000 Servia ...

13,211,000 Roumania. 113.867,000 Russia in Europe. 450,000,000 Japan..

18, 200.000 Turkey in Europe. 22,000,000 British India. 319.586.4.00 Other countries

61, 469,00 Bulgaria... 55,076, 000 Egypt

12,000,000 Italy 168.000.000 Algeria

28,000,000 The world..... 3,423,134,000 Report of the United States Department of Agriculture. The rye crop of principal countries in 1906 was in bushels: United States, 33,375,000: Germany: 378,948.000; Austria-Hungary, 154,012,000; Russia in Europe, 638,400,000; France, 51,095,000; Sivedeni, 26, 247,000; the world, 1.439,980,000. The barley crop of the world in 1906 in bushels was 1,282,019,000; oats crop, 3,547,234,000.

PRICES OF WHEAT (CHICAGO MARKET), 1862-1907.*
Months of Yearly Range

Months of

Months of
YEARS.

YEARS.
Lowest

Yearly Range Months of
Lowest Price. of Prices. Highest Price.

of Prices. Price.

Highest Price 1862 January 64 @ 924 August

1855 Jarch.. 73361 9134 April 1803 August

80 @1.124 December. 1886 October .. 69% 8484 January. 1861 March 1.07 2.26 June.

1887 August 66560 9494 June. 1865 December 85 @ 1.55 January.

1888 April 714810 2.00 September. t 1866. February 77 @ 2. 03 November. 1889 June 75lela 1.0834 February. 1867 August 1.55 @ 2.85 May.

1890 February 17+1 a 1.084 August. 1868 November 1.014 (à 2.20 July.

1891
July

85 la 1.16 April 1869 December 7619a 1. 46. August.

1892 October 6948 919 February. 1870 April

734 ( 1.314 July.

(Sept. 1893

July 5434 à 88 April. 1871 August

99% a 1.32 Feb., April, and 1894 Septe'ber | 50 a 6544 April 1872 November 1.01 @1.61 August

1895

January 48940 8516 May. 1873 September. 89 @ 1.46 July.

1896 June 53540 949 November. 1874. October 81% 1.28 April.

1897 April 6.14(à 1.09 December. 1875 February 8340 1. 30% August.

1898 October... 62 (a 1.85 May. + 1876 July 83 @ 1.264 December. 1899 December 64 a

7912 May. 1877 August 1.01 a 1.761 May.

1900 January.. 61% 87% June. 1878 October

(a 1.14 April.

1901. July 634 793 December. 1879 January 815801.33% December, 1902 October... 67%a95 September. 1880 August. 86400 1.32 January. 1903 March.

7040 93 September. 1881 January 9554 a 1. 434 October.

1904 January.. 814@1.22 October. 1882 December 914a 1.40 April and May. 1903 August... 77601.24 February 1883 October 90 a 1.134 June.

1906 ug.-Sep.' 6.49 let 9434 'April. 1884... December.. 69% 96 February. 1907 Jumuary.. 71° la 1.054 October

* No. 2 cash wheat. + The Hutchinson "corner" figure; $1.044@1.054 the following day. 1 The Leiter ** corner" tigure,

The above table was compiled by Charles B. Murray, editor of the Ciucinnati Price Current.

77

The Production of Agricultural Emplements.

(From Census Bulletin No. 75.) The report of the Census Bureau upon the production of implements used in agriculture in the United States in 1905 covered those used for tilling the soil, sowing or planting the sed, harvesting, and preparing the crop for the market. The industry, associated as it is with progress in farming methods, has exercised a far-reaching influence upon the country's economic conditions. The advance from the simply constructed implements of former years to the complex machines of the present time has been accompanied by an inevitable increase in capital. In value of products the increase in the last twenty-five years has been moderate, but steady. The following figures show the general items to be considered in making a study of the industry: Number of establishments in 1905. (19; capital. $196,710.700; number of salaried officials, clerks, etc.. 7,109: salaries, $7.372.646; average number of wageearners, 47,3994; total wages, $25,002,6.70; miscellaneous expenses, $15,175,098; cost of materials used, $48.281,406; value of products, $112,007,344.

The area of the greatest production falls in the North Central and North Atlantic divisions of States. Both in 1000 and 1905 the predominance of the North Central was very marked. In 1905, 57.6 per cent. of all establishments were in this division. 80.6 per cent. of the total capital, and 76.1 per cent of the total value of products, In 1900 the proportional number of establishments was the same, and the percentages of the total capital and value of products were, respectively, 79.7 and $0.1 per cent. Ranked in the order of the value of products, the leading States are: Illinois, $29, 412.472; New York, $13,015,891; Ohio, $12.891,107; Wisconsin, $10,076,760; Michigan, $5,719,719, and Indiana. $8.060,575. The three first States have held highest place since 1860, and in 1905 contributed 57.5 per cent. to the total value of products, Illinois alone contributing 34.3 per cent. Among the Southern States, Georgia has become a producing centre. California holds the same position among the Western States.

New centres of the manufacture have appeared since 1900 in Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota and Tennessee.

PRODUCTS. of the four main classes of articles nanufactured in establishments of the agricultural implement industry, implements of cultivation and harvesting are the most important, with a value of $:30,607,960 and $30.862,435, respectively: the miscellaneous class ranks next, with $19,531,114, followed hy seeders and planters. $11.225,122, and seed separators, $6.639.883. It is from harvesting implements that Illinois derives supremacy in the industry, although this State also leads in value of products of implements of cultivation. New York and Illinois produced 73.6 per cent. of the total value of harvesting implements manufactured.

The output of scythes has decreased steadily since 1880. The demand for the hoe remains steady, the output of 1905 (331,620 dozens) showing an advance of 51,417 dozens since 1900.

The Production of Glass in the United States. The Census Office made a report in 1907 on the manufacture of glass in the United States. classified as (1) building glass-ominon window glass, plate glass, and all varieties of cast and rolled sheet glass; (2) pressed and blown glassware-tableware, tumblers, goblets, lamps, chimneys, lantern globes, gas and eleetric lighting ware, cut glass, etc.; (3) bottles and jars in flint, green and amber glass,

The following is a summary statement of aggregate manufacture in the year 190.5: Number of establishments, 399; capital invested. $89,359.151; wage-earners, average num. ber, (3.969: total wages, $37,288,148; cost of material used, $26,147.522; value of products in the year. $79,607,938.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDUSTRY. While there has been a marked advance in the glass industry since 1830, the development has been in the quality of the glass produced, rather than in the further adaptation of glass to commercial uses, or, until recently, in improvements in the manufacturing process. For many years the industry did not extend beyond the manufacture of window glass, tableware and bottles, and the methods of making these were practically the same as those used by the early glassmakers, A few years ago nearly all the articles made, except plate glass, were produced by skilled artisans, practically no machinery being, einDloyed in the manufacture. The principal item of expense in glass manufacture was, therefore, the cost of this skilled labor. Although some important improvements, which promise further changes in the methods of manufacturing various glass articles, have been introduced during the census year, they are of too recent origin to affect the statistics.

CHEAPER PRODUCTION. Since 1900 the glass manufacturers in the United States have made vast strides in the direction of cheaper production. Machines for mechanical manipulation in the production of window glass, for manufacturing narrow-necked bottles, and for conveying ware are some of the latest contributions to the industry. Some of these machines were perfooted during the census year, and are now in active operation, but their influence on the industry was slight during 1901, as their operation in that year was more or less an experiment.

BUILDING GLASS. In the manufacture of building glass the States of Pennsylvania and Indiana ranked first and second, respectively, in value of products, capital, and number of establishments: Ohio was third in value of products and capital, and, with New York, fourth in number of establishments; West Virginia was fourth in value of products, fifth in capital, and third in number of establishments; Missouri was fifth in value of products, fourth in capital, and with New Jersey and Illinois, seventh in number of establishments; New York was sixth in value of products and capital, and, with Ohio, fourth in number of establishments; Kansas was seventh in value of products and capital, and sixth in number of establish. mients,

VD

Principal Cereal Crops in the United States.

PRODUCTION BY STATES IN 1906.
(compiled from the Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture. )
STATES

Coru,
Whet, STATE AND

als,
Coro

Whent, TAKKIIRIR.

Bushely. Bosh s. Bush ls TERILITORIES. Bushels Bushels. Buxbels Maine 4.0.3.19 436,950 199,34: Kansas,

24,80.000 195,075,000 81.830.11 NewH'mpshire 43219 933.775

Kentucky.

4.4.30,384 103, 437,376 11,549 69 Verniont 2,562,76 2,003,430 30,952 Tennessee

3,151,320 86,428,912 10.892,726 Nassachusetts.. 214,479 1,718,330

Alabama

3,167,879 47,449,392 1,086,029 Ruode Island 46.9.17 331,364

Mississippi. 1,037.732 40,789,207 17,610 Coulecticut... 341,179

2,223,800
Louisiana..

498,027

20.217.633 New York... 40,23.5, 34 22,650,00 9,84.180 Texis...

31.821,512 166,804 782 14,136,186 New Jersey

1.603,519 10.0%),249 9.03.3.02 Lidian Ter... 7,446,571 68,193,264 2.890.18% Pennsylvania. 31.818.95 5.000...9 24.073,14 Oklahoma. 19,040,000 65,737,326 18,003,869 Delaware 9.) 991 5.591.160, 1,917,920 Arkansas

3,783,706 52,802,509 1,915,250 Maryland 80%. 64 22.00,25 12:12, 116 Moutana.

8,501,846

93,132

3.27,336 Virginia....

2.8.5,684
45,188,5-3 9.343,5 Wyoming

1.979.068

68,256 871 109 West Virginia.. 2,101,200 22725,000 4.879,801 Colorado.

5,902,394 3,157,136 8,266,58% North Carolina 3,163,724 41,796, 46 5,297.0X X Mexico

424,607 1,182,203 1,130.50 South Carolina 3,239,20 23,611233 2,401.041 Arizona..

31,449 220.129 591 658 Georgia... 32,291 53,400,546 3,161,070 ('tah..

2,053.900 350.032 4,848.625 Florida, 394,210 6,375 600

Nevada..
252,899

859,526 Ohio 48.-80.000 111,145,000 43,202,10 Idaho

4,390,068 118.037 8,331.631 Indiana

50.1:
00 183 5.3.167 45,000,2 Washington. 7,463,534

288 389 25,075,258 Illinois. 10.,165,500 317,169,595 38 35,00 Oregon

9,621,508

499,091 14.215,597 Michigan. 43,747,500 04.110,000 13,14,960 (alifornia.. 5,156,293 1,994,814 20,883,662 Wisconsin.. 91.30.11) 60.105.132 4,09 816 Minnesota.. 72,011,160

50.149,2771 53.01,591 Total bushels 914,904,52 2,927,416,091 735,260,970 lowa.

140,777,000 373,275,000 9,14,215 Total acres 30.939,76 96.737,081 47,305,899 Missouri.. 14,187 03 2:13 53,500 31,184,900 Valle

$306,292,978 81,100,626 479 8490,833.760 North Dakotu.. 40,480,608 4,170,00 77,896,000 Yeld per acre.

31.2

30.3

15,5 South Dakota.. 46,410.900 62,812,000 41,90), 100 Farm price.

31.7

89 9

66.7 Nehruska. 72,275.000 249.732,500 62,388,692

Farm Productions in the United States.

1906

Tons...

Hay

Tons...

Cuit

Colt
CROP.
Year. of

Quantity.
Valge.

CROF.
Year.

Quantity.

Value. Measure

Measure Animals.. 1907 Xunber 1,131,99% 44,427,697,863 Mlasses... Census. Gallons

6,312,309 $768.990 Apples. Census. Bush... 175,39,600

surser prol'uso
Census.

10,198,873 Apricots.. Cebsus. Busb... 2,642,129

uts (f).
Census.

1,949,981 Beans, Castor.. cenu. Bush...

143 388
131,094 Onions..

Census. Buch... 11.790.974 6,637,413 Beaus, Dry Ce: us. Bush..

7.63,536 Orchid pri d'us. ( ensus. Bush... 212,365.600(g) 83,750,961 Beee..

Census, 81 arms 4,109.26 10,16-,513 Peaches & Nect. Census. Bush.. 15, 132,603 (a) Broom Corn... Census. Pounds 90,947,370 8,648,414 Penduts.... Census. Bush... 11,964,109 7,270,516 Butter 1905 Pounds. 5.31,178,141 113,119,459 l'ears...

Censo. Bush. 6.626,417 (A) Cereals (b) (1)..

Bosh...4,884,514,65i h2,4.80.900 Peas, tiry. Census. Bush... 9,444,210 7,909,966 (heese...

1906

Poun.is 317,114,572 28,611.ino l'uns Prunes Census. Buah. 8,164,082 (a) Chicury Census. Ponds. 21,495,70

19,697 lates, Irish.. 1. 06 Bush.. 306,038, 349 ) 157,511,292 Cider.. Census. Barrels. 1.734.99

Potatos. Sweet Census. Bush... 42,517,41% 19. 69,340 Cotton 106 Puds. 6,351,107,661 640,311,538 Rice [cle ined)..

1906 Puunds. 49,95.000 (f 19,935,748 Cotton Seed 1905 5,150,203 (€) 75,5.4,041 beds, Clover... Census.

Burb...

1,249,209 5,359,878 Flaxseed. 1906 Busb.. 95,576,145 ) 25,999,166 Seeds, Fl...... Census. Busit...

19,979, 92 19,621,901 Flowers, Plants Census, 1,750.85 Sieds, Grass.... Census. Bush... 3,15,869

2,88 889 Forest products. Cens.

10.1,864,774 sugar, Beet.... 19.6 l'ounds. 967,993,0:0 (5) 93,695,781 Fruits, smull... Csos.

25,0.9,737. Supar, Cune... 1906 Puids. 5:4,320,000 (k):8,804,608 sub-trop'l Census.

8,097,538 Sugar, Maple... Census. Pud. 11,928,770 1.074,260 Grapes..

Cenius. Cental.. 13,0 19,841 (d) 14,094,-34 sirup, Cane.. Cew 81.5. Gallons 19,293,012 4,9,476 1903

67,145,95 (h)592,539,671 Syrup, Maple... Centr. 6 dlons 9,056,611 1,562,481 Hernp

.... Census. Pomds. 11,750),.30 546,358 Syrup, Sorghum Census. Gallons 16,972,783 8,288,083 Honey (e). Census Pounds. 62,932,683 6,656,011 Tobacco..... 1906 Pounds. 682,448,530 (h) 8,2 9,647 Hops Census Pound. 19,201,704 4,091,929 Vegetables, Mis Censile.

113,44,3:8 Milk (i). Ceosus. Gallons! 7,205.611.30

1900 Pounds. 998.915.1301 129,410,944 (a) in luidi, or Drill p:o.uCN. b) Not including .ce. (c) Based o avt, ke p ice paid by cubers,

(d) peluding lue of raisins, wine, et (e) Incluing wix. (f) Vot including pennuis. ( including value of cider, lear, etc. (b) December 1, 1906. (i $179,275,78.3, was the aggregate value of milk, bitter and cheese by tie Census of 1904. (j) Value of product iu 1905. (K) Value of pro-luct in 1905, based on the export vidue ot refined. (1) Estimated 1901 coru erop 2,653,782,00 bushels.

The Census of 1909 gare the following farm statistics for the loited States: firms, total number, 5.739,857 ; value of farıproperty, $20,514,001,138 ; land and improveneats, *13,114,492,055 ; buildings, #3,6,193,191, implements and machinery, $761,961,550 ; live stuck. $3,078,050,041 ; expenditures in 189 Erlabor, 365,305,921 ; for fertilizer, $54,78,757, number of faring operatel by owners. 3,713,371 ; by casb tenants, 159,920 ; by share lenauts, 1,273,366. by bite persons, 4,910,129; by Degroes, 746,719. Value of farin products in 1907, esii matel by Commissioner of Agriculture, $1,419,000,000. DOMESTIC ANIMALS IN THE UNITED STATES. CENSUS OF 1900.

NOT ON FARMS OR
TOTAL.

Oy PARMS AND RANGES,
Domino ANIMALE.

KANGKB.
Vurber. Value. Numer.

Value. Xumher. Est. Valve. All domestic animals..

$3.193,456,459
$2,979, 197,386

$214,658,873 Neat cattle, cows, hulls, &c.. 69.935,832 $1,516,807,270 67,714,410 91,475,204,633 1,616,422 $11,102,637 Horses and colts......

21.203.001 1.050,- 26,97 1,367,020 89,613,217 2,936.0.1 161,01:3,750 Mules.....

8,138,523
207,274,257

3,264,615 196,202,053 173.908 11.002,004 Asses and burros.

110,012 6,770,583 94,165 5,811,184 15.847 965,899 Sheep aud lambs.... 61.735,014 170,891,748 61,503,713 170.203,119 231,801

678,624 Swine.........

64.686,165 238,586,872 | 62.968,041 231,978,091 1,818.114 6,708,841 Goats.......

1,948,952 3,402,467 || 1,870,099 3,266,849 78,308 187,118

Wol.....

The Cotton Supply. CROP OF THE UNITED STATES FOR SEVENTY-EIGHT YEARS, THE following statements are furnished by the New York *'('ommercial and Financial Chrouicle: YEAR.

Bales, YEAR. Bales. li YEAR Bales, YEAR. Bales. 1829. 870, 415 1848 2,347.634 1970 3.15-1.946 1899.

6.335.08:2 180. 976.845 1819. 2.728,50 1871 4.352,317 1890.

2.313.7.26 1831 1,038,818 1850. 2,096.7086 1872 2.974,351 1891

8,055,518 1832 987.487 1851

2,355.257 1873. 3,830, 508 1892. 9,038, 707 18:33 1.070, 438 1852 3,015.0.9 1874

4,170,388 I893. 6,717, 142 1834, 1,205,324 18.33 3.262.882 1870

3.832.991 1894.

7.5-7,211 18:35. 1.254.328 1851 2.830.027 1876. 4.069.288 1895.

9,892, 766 JS36. 1,360,752 1855. 2,817.::39 1877 4.485, 423 1896.

7,162, 473 1837 1.422,9:30 18.50 3,597.815 1878. 4.811,265 1897

8.714.011 1838. 1,801, 497 1857

2,939.519 1879. 5,073.531 1898. 11.150,900 1839. 1,360,032 1808. 3, 113, 12 ISSO.

5.757.397 1899.. 11.235.383 18-10 2.177.835 159. 3,851.481 181

6.389.329 1900.

9,439,5.19 1811 1,031.945 1960 4.609.770 1882

5. 135.8.15 19.11 10,425,141 18-12 1.683.574 1861

3.600.0036 1883. 6,992, 2:34. 1992 10.701, 453 1843 2,378,875 1862-1865 Vorrer1

6.714,0.52 10103. 10.758,326 1844 2,030, 409 1860. 2,193,957 1885

6, 6**1,021 1904. 10.123,686 1815. 2,394,503 1867. 2,019.774 1886.

6.100.215 1905. 13,556, 8:1 1846. 2,100.537 1868. 2.593.9993 1897

6.513.624 1906. 11.319.860 18-17 1,778.651 1869. 2.4:39.039 1883

7.017.707 1907.. 13 5.50, 766 The returns are for the years ending September 1. The average net weight, per bale, for 1907 is 492 pounds. EXPORTS AND DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION OF AMERICAN COTTON.

1906-07. 1907-1906. 1904-1903. 1903-1904, '1902-1903. 1901-1902. 1900-1901, 1899-1900

Bales, Bules. Bales Bales Bales, Bales, Bunles Bales Export to Europe

8,144,381 6,448,430 833,136 5,941,602 6,482,849 6,440,787 6,415,477 5,606,996 Consumption, U. Canada, etc....

5,578,677 5,130,273 4.963,348 4,257,369' 4.471,305 4.539,018 4,071,030 4,468,217 Total.......

13,722,978 11,568,703 13,296,904 10,198,971 10,954,154 10,979,805 10,485,607 10,075,23

COTTON CONSUMPTION OF THE WORLD. CONSUMPTIOX, BALES, Great

United
500 LBS.

Continent,
India.

Total

All Others
Britain,
States.

World. 1889-90

3.227.000 3. 4:32.000 2.185.000 791.00) 160.00 9,795.000 1890-91

3.384.000 3.631.000 2.367.000 924.000 19,00 10.511.000 1991-92

3. 181.000 3,640.00 2.576. XX 914.000 275.000 10.596.00) 1892 93

2.866.000 3.692,000 2.551.000 918.000 395,000 10.472.000 1893 94

3.2:33.000 3.818.000) 2,204.00 959.000 297.000 10.601.00 1894-95

3,250.000 4,030.00) 2.713.000 1.074.000 416,000 11.543.00) 1895-96

3, 276.00 4, 100.0 2,372.00) 1. 105.000 492.000 11,605,000 196-97

3, 224,00) 4,368,000 2,738, 0) 1,004,00) 5 16.000 11,850.000 1897-98

3.4:32.000

4,029,00 2.262.000 1 141,000 725.000 12.889.000 1808-99

3.519,000 4.781,000 3,553, 000) 1,311.000 $15.000 14.013,000 1899-1900.

3.334,000 4.576,000 3. 856. (X 1,139.000 808,00 13.773,000 1900 1901

3, 269.000 4,576,000 3.727.OXN) 1.000.000 784.000 13.416.000 1901-1902

3,253,000 4,836.000 4.037.000 1,384.000 205,000 14, 415, (100) 1902-1903...

3,185.000 5,118,000 4,015,000 1,361.000 706,000 14,478,000 1903-1904.. 3, 017.000 5.1.18, 004) 3,909,000 1,368,000

869,000 14.311,000 1904-1905.

3.620.000 5,148.000 4.310.000 1,471,000 990,00 15,512.000 1905 1906.

3.774.000 5, 252, 0) 4, 7:26.000 1,530.000 1.047.00) 16,329.000 1906 1907

3,892,000 5, 460,000! 4,950,000 1,600.000 ' 1,096.000 16.998,000

SOURCES OF COTTON SUPPLY, 1906-1907. The following shows the actual requirements in 1906-1907 and the estimate of Ellison & Co. for 1907-1908:

1907-1908. 1906-1907. | 1905-1906, 1:904-1905, 1 1903-1904.

Total Esti- Total Actual Total Actual Total Actual Total Actual mated Bales, Bales.

Bales.
Bales,

Bales. America....

12,500,000 12. 132.00

11.967.000 11,768, OXO 10,273,000 East Indies..

1.300.00 1,299,000 1,288,000 872.000 1,300.000 Other countries

1. 400,000 1.202, 000 1.274,000 1.020,000 1, 063.000 Total......

15, 200.000 15,023,000 14,529,000 13,660.000 12.636.000 Average weight.

489.8
489.3
484.3
495.2

485, 1 Bales of 500 lbs..

14,890,000 14,702,000 14,072,000 13,528, 000 12, 259,000

SPINDLES IN OPERATION.
1907.
1906.
1905.
1904.
1903.

1902, Great Britain.. 52,000.000 50.000.000 48.500.000 47,500,000 47.100.000 47,000,000 Continent 35. SOC,000 35.500,000 35,00,00) 31,000,000 34.300.000 83,000,000 United States.. 25.924.000 21.791.000 24.073.000 23, 214,000 22, 240,000 21.559.000 East Indies.... 5. 100.000 5,200.000 5,250.000 5, 200.000 5,100,000 5, 200.000

Total........... 119, 124,000 115,481,000 112,823,000 110,514,000 108,740,000 107,659,000

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THE COTTON CROP OF THE UNITED STATES BY STATES. STATES, 1899 1900. 1901-02. 1902-03. 1943-04. 1901-05. 1905-06. 1906-07

Balles

Bales Bales, Baulex Bales, Bales. Bales. Vorth Carolina.. 100.000) 426), (XX) 504,000 490,0) 728,000 711,000 614,000 South Carolina. 871. NM) 948,000 955,000 815,000 1.160,00) 1,140.000 941,00 Georgia

1,220,0 1, 493,000 1, 498.000 1,405,000 1,955,000 1,900,000 1,728,000 Florida.

37,000) 56,00 60,000 5.7,000 90,000 82,000 66,000 Alabama

1,136.0M) 1,25 0001, (*5,00 1,040,000 1,470,000 1,374,000 1,332, X Mississippi..

1,349,0 1, 460,000 1, +18, (XX) 1.385,000 1,730,000 1,275,000 1,5-18.000 Louisiana.

651,00%) 851.000 861,000 832.000 1.110,000 085, 0X00 080,000 Texas.

2,575,00% 2.682,000 2,575, 000 2, 446,000 3, 2:35,000 2,025, 000 4,073, 000 Arkansas.

771,000 9:38, OXO 835,000 915,000 640.000 915,000 Tennessee.. 240,000 229.000 303,000

253,000 320,000 300,000 317,000 All others.. 267,000 498,000 578 (NO 516,000

844,000

778,000 1,007,000 9,440,000 10,701,000 10,758,000 10,1:24,000 1:3,557,000 11.320,000 13, 551,000

HICHEST AND LOWEST PRICES
IN NEW YORK FOR MIDDLING UPLANDS COTTON FROM JANUARY 1 TO DECEN-

BER 31 OF THE YEARS NAMED.
YEAR. Highest. Lowest, YEAR. lizhet. Lot. YEAR. Highest. Lwest.

YRAR. ugh. st. lowout. 186 14 9 35

1892 13 1.16 10% 1845 938 5 9-16 1835 95 15 1870 27,34

15
183 1148 10

1895 873 7 1-16 1810 10 8 1871 2144

1894 11 15-16 94 1897 84 5 13-16 1850)

14

11
1872 2.95

1885 111) 93-16' 1898 69-16 5 5-16 1800

10
1973 2138 135g

9 9-16 8 13-16 1999. 7 13-10 57% 1861

11%
1874.
1878 114 1987 11 7.10 97-16 1300.. 11

7 9-16 1902. 6963 20 1875 1748 13 '1-16 1888 1139

996
1901.
12

7 13-16 1863. 93

51
1876 1:36

114

19902. 974 8 3-16 1854 1990

1877 13 5-16 lv 10-16 1890. 1244 9 3-16 1903 14.10 8.85 165 1:20

35

1878 12 3-10 8 13-16 1841 92 7% | 1904 17.25 6.85 1866.

32
1879

1892 10

6 11-16 1905. 12.60 7.00 1867 36 15h2 1880 134 10 15-16 1893

9 15-16 744 1406 12. 25 9. 60 1808 33

16 1841 13 10 7-16 1891.. 86-16 5 9-16 1907" 13.55 10.70 To November 6,

Total crop..

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1074

EXPORTS OF COTTON FROM THE UNITED STATES.

(From Census Bulletin No. CO.) The exports of domestic cotton from the United States during the year ending August 31, 1907, amounted to 9.0:36, 434 bales of 500 pounds each. Of this amount 3,966, 119, or 44 per cent., went to the United Kingdom; 2,315,C51, or 20 per cent., to Germany, and 1,008,033, or 11 per cent., to France. During the twenty-six years from 1880 to 1906 the exports to the United Kingdom increased 15 per cent.; those to Germany nearly 400 per cent., and those to France 82 per cent. The 'exports to Italy increased from 75,145 bales in isso to 567,916 bales in 1906, or nearly sevenfold. Exports to Japan are noteworthy because of the remarkable variations in the quantities for the different years, as well as for the growth in these exports since 18, which is the first year for which they are presented in the report. In 1906 they amounted to 262,283 bales, while for 1904 they were 336.375 bales, The exports to Russia decreised, a fact which may be partially explained by the increased production of cotton in Russian territory, by the importation of Persian cotton, and by the recent unsettled conditions in that country.

Exports of sea-island cotton formed about one-third of the 57,550 bales reported by the ginners as produced in 19906. In 190.7 about 30 per cent. of the sea-island crop was exported. The United Kingdom takes about three-fourths of the amount exported, while most of the remainder goes to France.

EXPORTS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES, The total value of exports of cotton goods of domestic manufacture was $32,305,412, of which $11,196,734, or 36 per cent., was for unbleached cloths; $2,240,131, or 7 per cent., for bleached cloths, and $7,702,082, or 23 per cent.. for dyed, colored, or printed cloths. Of the total value of cotton manufactures exported $4,425,0.9), or 14 per cent., went to Europe; $14,821,264, or 16 per cent., to North and South America; $12,325,874, or 38 per cent., to Asia, and the remainder to Africa. Tlie export of American yarns to the Far East is insignificant, as that market is controlled by British India and Japan.

IMPORTS OF COTTON MANUFACTURES. Imports of cotton manufactures during the year ending June 30, 1907, were valued at $73,701,036, more than one-half of which consisted of laces and embroideries. Switzerland leads in the export of laces to this country with $13,979,808, or about one-third of the tetal. France was second with $12, 184,906. of the bleached, dyed, or printed cloths imperted 79 per cent. came from the l'nited Kingdom, which country also supplied more than three-fourths of the thread, yarn, and warps imported. Practically all of the imports of hosiery and knit goods, amounting in value to $8,671,848, came from Germany.

THE UNITED STATES SUPPLIES TWO-THIRDS OF THE COTTON. The number of cotton spindles in the world, as shown by the report, is 123,332,971. As nearly as it can be determined, the amount of cotton consumed was 19.493.441 bales, a weekly cnsumption of 374,874 bales. This is not, however, the total consumption for the world, as in a number of Eastern countries and in South and Central America large quantities of cotton are grown and consumed which do not enter into commercial channels, and therefore cannot be estimated with any certainty. The figures indicate, however, that the l'nited States furnished two-thirds of the supply of the world,

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