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BY THE TARIFF ACT OF 1897, N e. s. indicates "when not elsewhere specified."" Tables showing comparison with the Rates by the Tariff of 1883 and the McKinley Tarit of 1890 were printed in THE WORLD ALMANAC for 1896, and the Wilson Tariff of 1894 and the Dingley Tarif of 1897 in the edition of 1898. Tarif Rate.

Tariff Bate. Alcobol, am ylic, or fusel oil.

46. 7.

Earthenware, porcelain, etc., decAnit als for breeding purposes. Free.


60 p. c. ad val. Barley, bushel of 48 Ibs. 300. per bushel Eggs..

50. doz. Beads... 35 p. c. ad val. Engravings.

25 p. c. ad val. Beef, mutton, and pork

20 th
Extracts, meat.

350. ib. Beer, ale, not in bottles

20cp gal.

Fertilizers, guanos, manures. Free. Beer, porter, and ale, in bottles. 40C


(0) Bindings, cotton...... 46 p. c. ad val Fish, American fisheries..

Bindings, flax.,

Fish, smoked, dried....

4c. .
Bindings, wool.................
500 h. and Flannels...............

22. tb, and 60 val.

30 p.c. ad val. Blankets......

23. th, and Flannels, value 40C. to 50C....... 33e. 1o. and 30 val.

35 val. Blankets, value 40c. to 50c... 330. a D. and 35 Flax, manufactures of, n. e. S...... 45 p. c. ad val. val. (a) Flowers, artificial..

50 Bonnets, silk

601 p. c. ad val. Fruits, preserved in their own juice. 1c. path. and Books, charts, maps...... 25 val. Books, over 20 years old, for public

Fruits, apples...

250, bu, libraries....


Fruits, oranges, lemons, D. e. s.. lc, DD Bronze, manufactures of.... 45 p. c. ad val. Fur, manufactures of......

35 p. c. ad val. Brushes

Furniture, wood...

35 Butter, and substitutes for..

6c. a .
Glassware, plain and cut.

60 Buttons, sleeve and collar, gilt. 50 p. c. ad val. Glass, polished plate, not over 16x24. &c. B są:

foot. Canvas for sails,


Glass, silvered, not over 16x24.. 11c. Caps, fur and leather


Glass bottles, overl pint.
Carpets, treble ingrain

320 sq. yd.& Gloves, men's, ladies', children's...
40 p.c. ad val. Glucose..

11.,C. F. Carpets, two-ply....

180 sq.yd. & Glue, value not over 7c. per lb.. 2%. Atb ().

40 p.c. ad val. Gold, manufactures of, not jewelry. 46 p. c. ad val. Carpets, tapestry Brussels..... 280. sq. yd. & Hair of hogs, curled for mattresses. 10 40 p c. ad val. Hair manufactures, n. e. S......

35 Carpets, Wilton, Axminster velvet 600.71 sq.yd. & Hair, human, unmanufactured. 30 p. C.; not 40 p.c. ad val.

drawn, free. Cattle (over one year old).. 2756 val. Hams and bacon

50. PID. Cheese, all kinds..

6. Ib.

$4 ton. Cigars and cigarettes... $4.50 R 1. and Hemp cordage

30. Ib. 25 p.č. ad val. Hides, raw, dried, salted, pickled.. 15 p. c. ad val. Clocks, n. e. s...... 40 P. c. ad val. Honey. Clothing, ready-made, cotton, n.e.s. 50

Hoops, iron or steel, baling

5-10c. 1. Clothing. ready-made, linen, silk,


120. D. and woollen.

(k) Horn, manufactures of.

30 p. c. ad val. Coal, anthracite

Horses, mules.

$307 head (h). Coal, bituminous..

67c. ton. India-rubber, manufactures of.. Coffee ......

30 p. c. ad vai. Free.

India- rubber, vulcanized. Confectionery, all sugar.. 50 p. c. ad val. Instruments, metal.

45 (if more than Iron, manufactures of, n. e. s.

45 15c. m.). Iron screws, inch or less in length 13c. Ph. Copper, manufactures of....... 45 p. c. ad val. Iron, timed plates...

1. th. Coiton gloves.


Ivory, manufactures of, n. e. s. 30 p. c. ad val. Cotton handkerchiefs, hemmed. 45


60 Cotton handkerchiefs, hemstitched. 55

Knit goods, wool, value not over Cotton hosiery......... 50c. to$2 doz. 30c, D..

44c, P. and pairs and 15

50 val. p. c. ad val. Cotton shirts and drawers....

Kait goods, woollen apparel, 30 to 60c, 10 $2.25 40C. Ib....

44c. math, and doz. & 15

50 val. P. c. 1o 50 Knit goods, woollen apparel, over p. C. ad val. 400, th.


(c) Cotton plushes, unbleached........ 9. sq. yd & Knit goods, silk

60 p. c. ad val. Cotton webbing........ 25 val. Lard.

2c. 1. 45 p. c. ad val. Lead, pigs, bars

240. Cotton curtains

Lead, iype metal.

16. " Cutlery, more than $3 per doz... 200. p piece & Leather manufacturer, n. e, s.. 35 p. c. ad val.

40 val. Linen manufactures, n. e. s.. 45 Cutlery, razors, over $3 per doz. $1.76 doz. & Linen, wearing apparel.

60 20 val. Macaroni..

18c. P . Cutlery, table knives....... 160, each and Malt, barley

450. mbu. 15 val. Matches, friction, boxed.

8c. 7 gross Cutlery, table knives, over $4 a doz.. 45 p. c, ad val. Matting, cocoa and rattan.... 60. sq. yard. Diamonds (uncut, free), cut and set 60

Meerschaum pipes

60 r. c ad val. Diamonds, cut, but not set...

Molasses, n. e. s...

400 to 5450, 3c. Drugs (crude, free), not crude..... 4. tb. and

gal. (i). 10 p.c, ad val. Muffs, fur....... Dyewoods, crnde

35 p. c, ad val. Free. Musical instruments

45 Dyewoods, extracts of.... 760. Ph. Nails, cut

6-10C. p. 1). Earthenware, common.. 25 p. c. ad val. Nails, horseshoe....

2440 Earthenware, porcelain, plain...... 05

Newspapers, periodicals.


p.c. ad val.


Tariff Rate.

Tariff Rate. Oilcloth, value over 25C, 8 to 200. sq. Soap, castile

14c. th. yd. (j). Soap, toilet, perfumed.

150. 1. Oil, olive..............

50c. gal., in Spirits, except bay rum ...... $2.25

botiles, etc. Siraw manuiactures, n. e. 8... 30 p. c. ad val. Oil, olive, n. e. S......

40c, gal. Sugars, not above 18 Dutch standard 95-100C. P (m) oil, whale and seal, foreign, n. e. s... 8c. gal. Sugars, above 16 Dutch standard.... 1 96-1000. " Onions... 400, Pbu. Tea

Opium, liquid preparations.. 40 p. c. ad val. Tin, ore or metal
Opium, crude and unadulterated... $1 D.

Tin plates

1%c. D. Paintings and marble statuary 20 P. c. ad val. Tobacco, cigar wrappers, not Paper manufactures, n. e, s......... 35


81.85 Paper stock, crude..

Tobacco, if stemmed...

$2.50 Pepper, cayenne, unground. Byge P10. Tobacco, all other leaf, stemmed.. 50c. Perfumery, alcoholic..

60, D. and 45 Tobacco, unmanufactured, not

35C. Photograph albums....

35 p.c. ad val. Umbrellas, silk or alpaca.. 60 p. c. ad val. Photograph slides...

Vegetables, natural. 1. e. s ..., 25 Pickles..


Vegetables, prepared or preserved. 40 Pins, metallic,

Velvets, silk, 75 p.c. or more silk... $1.50 H. and Pipes of clay, common, 40C. P gross. 150. gross.

15 val. Poultry, dressed. 5C. th. Watches and parts of..

40 p. c. ad val. Potatoes.. 2oC, bu. Wheat, bushel of 60 ID

25c, bu, Pulp wood, for paper-makers.... 1-12c. D., Willow for basket-makers. mechanical- Willow manufactures, n, e. s. .....

20 p. c. ad val.

40 ly ground(1). Wines, champagne, in 12-pt. bottles Quicksilver

7c. D.
or less.

$2 doz. Quinine, sulphate, and salts... Free.

Wines, champagne, in bottles, pt.
Railroad ties, cedar

20 p. c. ad val.
to 1 pt.

$4 Rugs, Oriental.......

10c. p sq. f. & Wines, champagne, in bottles, 1 pt.
40 val. to lqt,

$8 Salmon, dried or smoked..

c. ib. Wines, still, in casks containing 12c, 10 D., more than 14 p. c. absolute alcohol. 50c. gal. packages: Woods, cabinet, sawed..

$1 to $2 Mft. &c. 100 B., Wool, first class. ..................

llc. Ib. bulk. Wool, second class...

12c. Sauces, n. e. 8.... .......

40 p.c. ad val. Wool, third class, n. e. 8., above Sausages, bologna.......

13c, DD

7c. . (e). Sausages, all other.......

25 p. c. ad val. Wool or worsted yarns, value not 27430. a .& Sealskin sacques.........


over silk, raw..

40 yal Free. Wool or worsted yarns, value 30c. to 38. 15. & 40 Silk, spun in skeins. 35 p.c.adval.(dl 40c. Pib. val.). Silk laces, wearing apparel.... 60

Wool or worsted yarns, value over 3840. PD. Skins, uncured, raw.

40C. m.

40 val Skins, tanned and dressed. 20 p. c. ad val. Woollen or worsted clothing...

........ 44c. 1. & 60 Slates, manufactures of, n. e. s..... 20

p. c. ad val. Smokers' articles, ex. clay pipes..... 60

* The Dingley Tariff increases rates on women's and children's gloves unitormly :5c. per dozen pairs; on meu's gloves the rates are the same as the Wilson rates. (a) Valued at more than 60c. perlb., 33c. per Ib. and 40 per cent. ad val. (b) Specific duties ranging from $1.50 to $0 on each article and 36 per cent, ad val. (c) On goods above 40c. and not above 70€. per lb.; duty on goods above 70c. per lb., 440. per lb. and 55 per cent. ad val. (d) Value $1 per lb. , 20c. per Ib. and 15 per cent, ad val., with in. creasing duty of 10c. per lb, for each 50c, additional value up to $2.50; all over $2.50 per lb., 60C. per lb. and 16 per cent, ad val. (e) Wool valued at 12c. per lb. or less, 4c. per Ib.; above 12c. duty is 7c. per Ib. V. Two prices only in Dingley bill, 30C. ana less, and above 300. (o) If not over 10c. per lb. (n) If valued at $150; if more, 25 per cent, ad val. (1) Above 560, 60, per gal. (1) And 16 to 20 per cent. ad val, (k) On woollen an additional duty of 44c. per lb. a) Chemical wood pulp, 1-60, perlb. ditional, and fractions of a degree in proportion. (m) When not above 75%, but for every additional degree by polariscopic test, 35-1,000€. per pound ad.

Articles of merchandise entering the United States from Hawaii and Porto Rico and entering those possessions from the United States are exempt from duty.

The act of Congress approved March 2, 1902, provides that the customs duties on article entering the Philippines from the United States shall be the same as on those entering from foreign countries. On articles entering the United States from the Philippines the full tariff rates shall be collected, except that a 25 per cent reduction shall be granted on articles produced and grown in the Philippines.

REGULATIONS RESPECTING EXAMINATION OF BACOAGE. Residents of the United States returning from abroad are met hy a customs officer to whom they will make a declaration, stating the number of trunks in their possession, their dutiable contents. etc. A failure to declare dutiable goods renders the same liable to seizure and confiscation, and the owner to fine and imprisonment. Customs officials are forbidden by law to accept "tips":

Prepare in advance a detailed list of all articles obtained abroad, with the prices pald therefor or the value thereof, specifying separately articles of wearing apparel and other personal effects.

All personal effects taken abroad as baggage and brought back in the same condition will be admitted free, but if improved in condition they are dutiable. From the aggregate Falue of all articles purchased abroad (unless they are intended for other persons or for sale) goods to the value of $10" will be deducted, 18 that amount of personal property is admitted free of duty.

There is no limitation as to the value of articles free of duty brought in hy persons declaring as non-residents, provided such articles are in the nature of wearing apparel, and similar personal effects actually accompanying the passenger and necessary and appropriate for wear and use for the purposes of the journey, and not intended for other persons, nor for sale.

Government officers are forbidden by law to accept anything but currency in payment of duties. In case passengers are dissatisfied with the value placed on dutiahle articles, application may be made to the Collector in writing within two days, and the appraisement will be reviewed by a General Appraiser,

Passport Regulations.

RULES governing the granting and issuing of passports in the United States :

1. By WHOM ISSUED AND REFUSAL TO INSUR. - Vo one but the Secretary of State mas grant and Issue passports in the United States (Revised Statutes, sections 107, 4078), and he is erop.wered to refuse thein in his discretion.

Passports are not issued by American diplomatic and consular officers abroad, except in cases of emergency; and a citizon who is a broad and desires to procure a passport must apply therefor through the nearest diplomatic or consular officer to the Secretary of State.

Applications for passports by persons in Porto Rico or the Philippines should be made to the Chief Executives of those Íslands. The evidence required of such applicants is the same as that required of applicants in the United States.

2. Fr.-By act of Congress approved March 23, 1888, a fee of one dollar is required to be collected for every citizen's passport. That amount in currency or postal mouey order should accompany tach application inade by a citizen of the United States. Orders should be made payable to the Disbursing Clerk of the Deparinent of State. Drafts or checks will boʻ be accepted.

3. APPLICATIONS--A person who is ent Ited to receive a passport, if within the United States, must make a written application, in the form of an affidavit, to the Secretary of State. The application must be made by the person to wbom the passport is to be issued and signed by him, as it is not competent for one person to apply for another.

The artidavit must be attested by an officer authorized to seminister exths, and if he has an officia' seal it must be affixed. If he has no seal, his official character must be authenticated by certificate of the proper legal officer.

If the applicant signs by mark, two attesting witnesses to his signature are requirent. The applicant is required to state the dato and place of his birth, his occupation, the place of his permanent residence, to what country or countries he intends to travel, and within what length of time he will return to the United States with the purpose of residing and performing the duties of eitizenship

The applieant must take the oath of allegiance to the Government of the United States.

The application mist be accompanied by a description of the person applying, and should state the following particulars, viz.: Age, - years; stature,, -- feet - inches (English measure); forehead, —; eyes, i nose, —; mouth, —; chin, -; hair, --i complexion, —; face,

The application must be accompanied by a certificate from at least one credible witness that the applicant is the person be repe resents himself to be, and that the facts stated in the atfidavit are true to the best of the wituess's knowledge and belief.

4. Native CITIZENS.-An application containing the information indicated by rule 3 will be sufficient evidence in the case of native citizens. A person of the Chinese race, alleging birth in the United States, must accompany his application with sop porting affidavits from at least two credible witnesses, preferably not of the Chinese race, having personal knowledge of the applicant's birth in the United States. The application and supporting a fidavits should be in duplicate, and should be accompanled by three photographs of the applicant, and should slate at what port he intends to re-enter the United Slates.

3. A Persox BORN ABROAD WHORE FATHER WAS A NATIVE CITIZEN OF THE UNITED STATES-In addition to the statements reqnired by rule 3, his application monst show that his father was born in the United States, has resided therein, and was a citizen a the time of the applicant's birth. The Department may require that this atlidavit be supported by that of one other citizen acquainted with the facts.

6. NATURALIZED CITIZENS. In addition to the statements required by rule 3, & naturalized citizen must transmit his certificate of naturalization, or a duly certitud copy of the court record thereof, with his application. It will be returued to him after inspection. le soust state in his attidavit when and from what port he emigrated to this country, what ship he sailed in, where he has lived since his arrival in the United States, when and before what court he was naturalizeil, and that he is the identical person described in the certificate of naturalization. The signature to the application should confhirin in orthography to the applicant's 'name as written in his certificate of naturalization, or an explanation of the difference should be submitted.

7. WOMAN'S APPLICATION.-If she is unmarried, in aldition to the statements renuired by rule 8, she should state that she has Dever been married. If she is the wife or widow of a native citizen of the United States the fact should be made to appear in her application. If she is the wife or whilow of a naturalized citizen, in addition to the statements required by rule 3, she must transmit for inspection her husband's certificate of naturalization, must state that she is the wife (or widow) of the person described therein, and must set forth the facts of his einigration, naturalization, and residence, as required in the rule governing the applica. tion of a naturalizer citizen. A married woman citizenship follows that of her husband so far as her international status is concerned. It is essential, therefore, that a woman's marital relations be indicated in her application for a passport, and that in the case of a married woman her husband's citizenship be established.

8. The Child OF A NATURALIZED CITIZEN CLAIMING CITIZENSILp Toroug# THE NATURALIZATION OF THE PARENT.-In adılition to the statements required by rule 3, the applicant must state that he or she is the son or daughter, as the case may be, of the person described in the certiticate of naturalization, which must be submitted for inspection, and must set forth the facts of einigtation naturalization, and residence, as required in the rule governing the application of x naturalized citizen,

9. A RESIDENT OF AN INSULAR POSSESSION OF THE UNITED STATEN WHO OWES ALLEGIANCE TO THE UNITED STATES.-In addition to the statements required by rule 3, he must state that he owes allegiance to the United States and that he does not &cknowledge allegian e to any other government; and must submit sfidavits from at least two credible wituesses baving good means of knowledge in substantiation of his statements of birth, residence, and loyalty.

10. EXPIRATION OF Passporto--A paesport expirea two years from the date of its issuance. A new one will be fasued upon a new application, and if the applicant be a naturalized citiren, the old passport will be accepted in lieu of a certificate of naturalization, if the application upon which it was issued is found to contain sutlicient information as to the naturalization of the applicant.

11. WIFE, MINOR CHILDREN, AND SERVANTR-When the applicant is accompanied by his wife, minor children, or servant who would be entitled to receive a passport, it will be sufficient to state the fact, giving the respective nges of the children and the allegiance of the sepsant, when one passport will suffice for all. For any other person in the party separate passport will be required. A wonan's passport inay include her minor children and servant under the above-satne conditions. The term servant does not loclude a governess, lutor, pupil, companion, or person holding like relations to the applicant for a passport.

19. TITLES. -- Professional and other titles will not be inserted in passports.

13. BLANK Forus or APPLICATION.—They will be furnished by the Department to persons who desire to apply for passports, but are not furnished, except as samples, to those who make a business of procuring passports,

14. Address-Communications should be addressed to the Department of State, Bureau of Citizenship, and each communicatlou should give the post-ofice address of the person to whom the answer is to be directed.

Sertion 4075 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended by the act of Congress, approved June 14, 1902, providing that the Secretory of State may print and issue pas parts, and calige passports to be granted, issued, and verified in foreign countries by such diplomatic or consular officers of the United States, and by such chief or other executive officer of the Insular possessions of the United States, and under such rules as the President shall desigorte and prescribe for and on behalt of ibe t'nited States," the foregoing rules are hereby prescribed for the granting and issuing of passports in the United States.

The Secretary of State is a thorized to make rekulations on the subject of Issuing and granting passports additional to these rules and not inconsistent with them.


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Constitution of the United States.



We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

ARTICLE I. Legislative SECTION 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which powers.

shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatises. House of Repre- Section 11. 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the sentatives people of the several States, and the electors in each Slate shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the

inost numerous branch of the State Legislature. Qualifications of 2. No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been

Kepresenta-seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that Stale in tives.

which he shall be chosen. Apportionment 3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be includeil with. of Represen-ia this Union according to their respective numbers, which shall be delermined by adding to the whole number of tatives. free persons, including those bound to service for a teru of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-tifths of all

other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but earh Suate shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 8, Massachusetts, 8: Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, 1; Connecticut, 5; New York, 6; New Jersey. 4;

Pennsylvania, 3;' Delaware, 1; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 10; North Carolina, 5; South Carolina, 5, and Georgia, 3. Vacanele, how 4. When vacancies happen in the representatiou froin any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue filled.

writs of election to fill such vacancies. Officers, how 5. The of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other officers, and shall have the sole power of

appointed. impeachment. Senate.

SKCTION III, 1. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by

the Legislature thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. Classification of 2. loluediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as Senators, equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration

of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the Legislature of any slate, the Executive thereof may make temporary appoint

ment until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies. Qualifications of 3. No person shall be a Benator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a Beostors. citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall be

chosen. President of the 4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless they Benste. be equally divided.

$. The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice

President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States. Benate & court 6. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be

for trial of im-on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside; and no

peachinents. person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. Judgment in 7. Judginent in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification

case of con vic- to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit under the l'nited States; but the party cou victed shall nevertion.

theless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law, Electionsofsen- SECTION IV. 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives shall be

ators and Rep- prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such resentatives. regulations, except as to places of choosing Seuators. Meeting of Con- 2. The Congress shall assemble at leasi once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in gress.

December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. Organization of SECTION V. 1. Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its owo members, Congress. and a majority of each shall constitute & quorum to do business ; but a smaller nunber inay adjourn from day to

day, and inay be authorized to coinpel the attendance of absent meinbers in such manner and under such penalties

As each House may provide. Role of pro- 9. Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with

ceedings the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member. Journal of 2. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such each House. parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and Days of the meinbers of either House on any

question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal. Adjournment of 4. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more

Congress, than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.
Pay and privi SECTION VI. 1. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascer.

leges of mem- tained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, bers.

and breach of the pence, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either House they shall not be ques

tioned in any other place. Other offices 2. No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office prohibited. under the authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the emoluinents whereof shall have been

increased during such time; and no person holding any office under the United States shall be » member of either

House during his con unuance in office. Revenge bills, SECTION VII. 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate

may propose or concur with amendinents, as on other bills. How bills bo- 2. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate shall, betore it become a come laws law, be presented to the President of the United States; if he approve, he shall sign it, but if noi, he shall return it,

with his objections, to that House in which it shall have originater, who shall enter the objections at large on their jcarnal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such reconsideration two-thirds of that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objectionx, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered i and if approved by two-thirds of that House it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days (Sunday's excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed lt, unless the Congress by their adjournmeat prevent its return; in which case it shall

not be a law. • See Article XIV., Amendmeata.


Approval and 8. Every order, resolution, or vote to which the concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may

veto powers be necessary (except on a question of sijournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and of the Presi- before the same shall take effect shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by twodent.

thirds of the Senate and the House of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed la the

case of a bill.
Powers vested SECTION VIII. 1. The Congress shall have power:
in Congress. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and

general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United

2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States.
3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian tribes.

4. To establish an uniforin rule of naturalization and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout
the United States.

6. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and is the standard of weights and
6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.
7. To establish post offices and post-roads.

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and Inventors
the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries.

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court.
10. To detine and punish piracies and felonies comunitted on the high seas, and offences against the law of

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water.

19. To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than
two years.

13. To provide and maintain a navy.
14. To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forcer.

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the Union, suppress insurrections, and repel

16. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may
be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively the appoiniment of the officers,
and the authority of training the militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress

17. To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever over such district (not exceeding ten miles aquare)
as may, by cession of particular States and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of Government of the
United Btates, and to eserciae like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the Legislature of the State
in which the saine shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dry-docks, and other needful buildings.
18. To make all laws which shall be pecessary and

proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and
all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or

officer thereof. Immigrants, Section IX. 1: The migration or importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think how admitted. proper to adınit shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but

a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person. Habeas corpus. 2. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when In cases of rebellion or

Invasion the public safety may require it. Attainder.

2. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. Direct taxes. 4. No capitation or other direct lax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore

directed to be taken. Regulations re- 8. No lax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any Btate.

garding cus 6. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of

toms duties. another, nor shall vessels bound to or froin one State be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. Money, how

1. No inoney shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a reg. drawn, ular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to

time. Titles of Dobil. 8. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States. And no person holding any office of profit or ity prohibited. trust hinder them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of

Any kind whatever froin auy king, prince, or foreign state. Powers ot

BECTION X. 1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, grant letters of marque and reStatos defined. prisal, coin money, emit bills of credit, make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts, paks

any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law inipairing the obligation of contracts, or grant'any title of pobility.

2. No Slate shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any impost or duties on imports or esports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws, and the net produce of all duties and imposts, Iald by any State on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States ; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

8. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of lonnage, keep troope or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, onless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II. Executive pow.

BECTION 1. 1. The Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall er, in whom hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice-President, chosen for the same lerm, be Vested.

elected as follows: Electors.

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, e number of electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress; but no Seuator or Representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States shall be appointed an

Proceedings of 3. (The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least
electors. shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the persons voted

for, and of the number of votes for each, which list they shall sign and certify and transmit, sealed, to the seat
of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall,
In the presence of the Benate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be

counted. The persou having the greatest number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority of Proceedings of the whole number of electors appointed, and if there be more than one who have such majerity, and have an equal

the House of number of voter, then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for President ;
Represent a - and if no person have a majority, then from the five highest on the list the sald House shall in like manner choose

the President. But in choosing the President, the vote shall be taken by States, the representation from each
Biate having one vote. A quorum, for this purpose, shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the
States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the Presi.
dent, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the Vice-President. But if there
should remain two or more who have equal votes, the Senate sball choose from thern by ballot the Vice-Prest-

Time of choos- 4. The Congress may determine the time of chonging the electors and the day on which they shall give thels
ing electors, votes, which day shall be the same throughout the United States.

* This clause is superseded by Article XII., Amendments.

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