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OF NOTEWORTHY ARTICLES OR PARAGRAPHS IN PRECEDING VOLUMES OF "THE

WORLD ALMANAC,
ARTICLES.

Volume. Page
ARTICLES.

Volume. Page. Actors, Real and Professional Names...1903..268 Mars, The Planet...

...........1902... 30 Alaska Boundary Award..... 1904.18 Masonry, Degrees in.

....1902...324 Alcoholic Drinks, Consumption of ........1890...108 Medal of Honor, U.S. Military, List of Alien Landbolders in the United States. 1888... 90 Persons Awarded....

1899... 81 America, Four Centuries of............. 1901...106 Medical and Surgical Progress in the American Millionaires.... 1902..35 Nineteenth Century

.1901...298 Autidotes for Poisons... 1904. 2:35 Meteorites....

1903.. 59 Arbitration, International Court of.........1902.. 81 Milky Way, The 1.1.2

1903.. 59 Arbitration Treaty with Great Britain...1898... 87 Millionaries. The American.

1902...135 Army, U. S. , Genern] Officers Who Have

Mormons, The...

.1897...329 Risen from the Ranks...... .1900..409 Naval Guns, Range of...

.1892...252 Ariny, U, S., Regimental Records.. 1904...351 Vaval Vessels of Great Powers, Lists of. 1899. 344 Australian Ballot System

.1892... 90 Navy, U, S., Historic Vessels of..........1904...355 Australian Federation ..........

1901.382 New Testament Chronology......... 1901...28 Barge Canal, New York...

.1901...150 New York City, Reconstruction of...... 1903 369 Bartholdi Statue Described.

.1887... 24
Nicaragua Canal Treaty.

.1902. 157 Battle Calendar of the Republic 1899... 85 Novels, Hundred Greatest,

1895...246 Bell Time on Shipboard.

.1902... 27 Panama Canal, Acquisition of.... 1905..126 Benefactions ju 1704..... 1905..322 Panama, Treaty with.........

1904. 142 Benefactions in 1906....

1907..247

Pan-American Conference of 1889. .1890... 60 Bible Statistics......

.1894 .219

Pan-American Conference of 1906.....1907..135 Boodle Aldernen of New York, List of..1888...118

Peace Conference at The Hague. ..1900., 98 Bryant's Index Expurgatorius.. .1907...318

Pilgrims of 1020.....

1904...141

1904...235 Canada, Boundary Line Controversy......1902...184

Poisons and Their Antidotes Census, Eleventh U. S., How Taken......1890... 57

Porto Rico, Act for Civil Government...1901... 93 Census, Twelfth U.S., How Taken.........1900..102

Postage Stamps, Old, Prices of................1893... 160 Centuries Ago..

1889... 97 .1894... 42

Prohibitiou Party, Growth of.... .1896... 44

Produce, Comparative Prices of.. ......1890...105 Chicago, Information About..

.1904..202 1893...423

Pseudonyms, Literary
Railroad Facts......

1892...15+ Chicago, Maps of..

1893...423 Chicago, World's Fair.. 1894... 81

1895., 98

Railroad Strike of July, 1894.
China Boxer Rising.

North
Railway Between

and South
1902...153
America.....

1907...245 Chinese Exclusion Act of 1892,

1894...106 Chinese Treaty with the U. S..

1902 360 1895..100 Rifles Used by Principal Armies Clearing-Houses of World, Statistics of..1890... 96

Russian Duma Called..

.1906., 141 Colleges, American, Locations of............ 1902...318

Russian Japanese War. First Year....1905 133 Columbian Postage Stamps Described...1893...150

Russian Japanese War. Second Year 1901..1.6

1900.. 90 Columbus to Veragua, Pedigree.

Sainoan Settlement.
.1894... 82
Samoan Treaty.

1901... 02 Conemaugh Flood...

1891.. 67 Constitutions, State..

Seismic Disturbances of 1902.

1903..278 1902...150

in 1903.

1904...28 Constitutional Amendments, Proposed.1890.78 Counterseits, Dangerous

1890...136

of 1906,

1907.. 65

1904...116 Cuban Reciprocity Treaty

Senators, U. S., from 1789. 1904...146

.1894...102 Cuba, Intervention in 1900,

Silver Purchase Repeal Legislation.. 1907.136

.1886... 50 Cyclones, Statistics for 87 Years..

Silver Question.. 1889... 24

.1888... 68 Czar's Universal Peace Proposal. ..1899...106

Simplitied Spelling Movement. 1907..316 Dispensary Liquor Law of S. Carolina...1894...108 Socialist Demands...

1907..119 Earth, Figure of the.

.1902... 50 Solar Parallax and Sun's Distance. 1905.. 54 Earthquakes, Their Cause and Result...1907.. 65 South African War and Map.

1900.. 94 Electricity, Death Penalty by. .1889...114 South Carolina Exposition...

.1902...295 Faribault System of Education. .1893...185 South Carolina Liquor Law.

.1894...108 Fecundity, Statistics of. .1895..231 Spain, Treaty of Peace with.

1900., 88 Floriculture in the United States 1892...140 Spanish-American War, History of....... 1899.. 64 Generals of the U.S. Army Since 1776...1902...410 St. Mary's Canal, Dates of Opening and Gold Standard Act of 1900 1901... 91 Closing

.1891... 37 Governors of States Since the Adoption

Stars, The Fixed

1900.. 34 of Their Constitutions...

.1906..120 Sub-Treasury Scheme of the Farmers' Harvest Moon..... ...1902... 49 Alliance

1892... 91 Hawaii, Joint Resolution Annexing. 1899... 96 Sunshine, Duration of, on U.S. Territory. 1901... 53 Hundred Best Books, Lubbock

.1895..247 Sun Spots, Their Infinence on the Earth. 1901... 49 In Darkest England .1891...189 Telescopes in the U. S., Large.

.1889...124 Income Tax of 1894

1895.. 92 Tornadoes, Statistics of, for 87 Years .....1900... 35 Influence of the Moon on the Weather...1898... 52 Torpedo Service of the World..

.1886... 65 Inheritance, Law of....

1903.,229 Truck Farming in the United States.... .1892...140 Inter-Coutinental Railway... .1907...245 Utah Commission, Report of.....

.1890...161 Inter- Parliamentary Union of 1906. ...1907..382 Venezuelan Boundary Treaty,

.1896... 67 International Marine Conference. .1890... 56 Veto Power of the Executive in All the Isthmian Canal Act... 193..156 States....

1888... 58 Italian Art Exposition.....

.1902..293 Vine Cultivation in the United States......1892...140 Jamestown Exposition. 1907..300 Volapük

1892...195 Labor Movement in U.S., Chronology of. 1892... 93 War Revenue Taxes...

1902.93 Labor Strikes, Tabular History of.......1895... 96 Warships of U. 8. Since 1775

1900...356 Land Areas in the U. S. and Europe......1890... 96 Water supply of American Cities. 1888..109 Landowners, Alien, Number of, in the

Wealth of Nations

1890...114 United States..... .1888.. 90 Whist. Laws of

1897...253 Legislative Assemblies of the World...1906.,372 World's Columbian Exposition.

1893... 75 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition, 1905.. 12

.1894... 81 Literary Pseudonyms..

.194..292 World's International Expositions, List Luminiferous Ether, The.. 1904... 52 of ...........

.1892... 74 Marine Conference, International...........1800... 56

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed]

Law, Medical, Dental, Veterinary Students, Nurses, Pharmacy, Certified

Public Accountants, thoroughly and rapidly prepared for

Regents' Examinations

Day and Evening Sessions for Young Men and Women

College Preparatory Course

CIVIL SERVICE, FEDERAL STATE, MUNICIPAL Annual Catalogue and Pamphlet, “SUCCESS IN REGENTS' EXAMINATIONS," sent on application to the registrar.

SAMUEL F. BATES, Registrar.
EMIL E, CAMERER, M.A., LL.B., Principal.
MARRIM MARGAREGGIARREIROAMIRAHATRAM ZRAKARAKURGUS

1 Occurrences During Printing.

15 Occurrences During Printing. SOME weeks are occupied in printing a volume so bulky as THE WORLD ALMANAC, and it is necessarily put to press in parts or "forms." Changes are in the meantime occurring. Advantage is taken of the going to press of the last form of the First Edition to insert information of the latest possible date, which is done below. The readers of the ALWAXAC are requested to observe these additions, corrections, and changes, and it would be well to make note of them on the pages indicated. 176. National Civic Federation officers were elected December 17, 1907, as follows: Seth Low, President; Victor

Morawetz, Chairman of Finance Committee: Secretary of War William H. Taft, Chairman of Public Employes' Welfare Committee; D. L. Cease, Secretary; Samuel Giompers, Vice-President; Nahuin J. Batchelder, Vice-President; Ellison A. Smyih, Vice-President Benjamin Wheeler, Vice-President, Isaac N. Seligman, Treasurer; John Mitchell, Chair. man Trade Agreement Committee; Melville E. Ingalls, Chairman Public Ownership commission; Seth Low, Chairman of Conciliation Committee; Nicholas Murray Butler, (balrman Industrial Economic Department; Franklin MacVeagh, Chairman Immigration Department; Charles A. Moore, Chairman Welfare Department; Ralph M, Easley, Chairman Executive

('ouncil, New York City. 178. American Federation of Labor: At the Annual Convention at Norfolk, Va., November 11,

Samuel Gompers was re-elected president. The reports of Secretary Morrison, showing a present paid membership of 1,638,970, and Treasurer Lennon, showing total funds to be

$ 127,910, were received. 181. Koights of Labor in convention at Washington, D. C., elected the following officers: Simon

Burns of Pittsburgh, general master workman; P. H. Farrell of New York City, general

worthy foreman; J. Frank O'Meara, of Washington, general secretary-treasurer. 232. A commercial treaty, under the terms of which British objects of art will be admitted to the

United States at a reduction of 25 per cent on the present duty, was signed November 30 by Ambassador Reid and Sir Edward Grey, the Foreign Secretary. In return, American travelling salesmen will have their samples admitted free at British ports. In future, the

duty on British works of art entering American ports will be 15 per cent. ad valorem. 232. Additional list of Reciprocity treaties-Argentine Republic, took effect April 9, 1866. Bolivia,

took effect January 8, 1863. China, took effect January 13, 1904. Costa Rica, took effect May 26, 1852, Haiti, took effect July 6, 1865. Japan, took effect March 21, 1895. Liberia, took effect March 18, 1863. Paraguay.took effect March 12, 1860. Servia, took effect December 27,

1882. All the above treaties are still in force. 239. The Republican National Committee at Washington, December 7, chose Chicago as the place

of meeting of the National Convention, and June 16, 1908, as the time. The vote siood,

Chicago, 31; Kausas City, 18; Denver, 4, after which it'was made unanimous, 239. The Democratic

National Committee at Washington, December 12, chose Denver as the place of the meeting of the National Convention, and July 7 as the time. 245. Socialist Party National Committee-That last elected is composed as follows: Victor L. Berger,

344 Sixth Street, Milwaukee, Wis.; Ben Hanford, Leesburg, Fla.; Morris Hillquit, 320 Broadway, New York, N. Y.;). M. Patterson, Chicago) Athletic Club, Chicago, I.; A. M. Simons, 182 Washington Street, Chicago, I11.; Ernest Untermann, Box 97, Grangeville,

Idaho; John M. Work, 1313 Harrison Si reet, Des Moines, Ia. 294. A census of Cuba, the result of which was announced December 17, 1907, showed the total

population of the island to be 2,028, 282, divided as follows among the provinces : Pinar del Rio, 240, 781; Havana, 518.524; Matanzas, 289, 866; Santa Clara, 457,897; Camagues, 117,432; Oriente, 463,782. The increase for the whole island is 29 per cent, since the Census

of 1899. 296. The British turbine torpedo 5oat destroyer Tartar on December 17 broke all records in fast

steaming, in her final trial over the official course, attaining a speed of 37.037 knots. She also established a new record for a six hours' trial, covering 233 miles in that time and maintaining

the unprecedented speed of 35.363 kuots. The contract calls for 33 knots. 326. Another grandson was born to John D. Rockefeller November 29, 1907, the mother being

his daughter, Mrs. E. Parmalee Prentice. 367. Standard oil: Stock outstanding, $98, 338, 382; rate per cent., last dividend, 10, November

26, 1907: highest and lowest quotations 1907, 564-390. 458. Automobile Records: S. F. Edge, on the Brooklands automobile race track at Weybridge,

England, December 10, travelled 1,581 miles and 1,310 yards in 24 hours in a 60-horse power

He broke the world's one-hour record with 76 miles and 453 yards, and the two-hour

record with 161 miles, 146 yards. 512. Benefactions: On December 10 Andrew Carnegie added the sum of $2,000,000 to the

$10,000,000 endowment fund of the Carnegie Institution. 658. College Fraternities: The Sigma Pi Fraternity of the United States was founded at William

aud Mary College in 1752. The membership is now 365, with five active and five inactive chapters. William Jennings Bryan is a graduate member, as is former Governor Richard Yates, of Illinois. The president is Robert G. Patterson, of Chicago, and the secretary Frank

Hollyday, of Easton, Md. 658. College Fraternities: The legal fraternity of Phi Delta Phi was the first professional fraternity

organized. It was founded at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1869, and has now 35 chapters of 8,000 members. The Secretary-Treasurer is George A. Katzenberger, Greenville, Ohio. At the tenth conveution in Columbus, Ohio, Jast May, charters were granted for new chapters at Vanderbilt University, University of Colorado, Brooklyn Law School and the University of Southern California. "The professional fraternities now number 52, with a membership exceeding 37,000. They are located in both technical and professional schools. With the exception of Theta Xi, members of professional fraternities may also belong

to the general college fraternities. 576. Baptist Young People's Union of America: Officers elected in 1907: President, Rev. E. Y.

Mullins, D.D., Louisville, Ky.; General Secretary, Rev. George T, Webb, 324 Dearboru Street,

Chicago, III. 586. Army and Navy Union of the U. S. A.: Officers of National Corps: National Commander, J.

Edwin Brown, Baltimore, Md.; Adjutant General, E. J. Bonner, 42 Knickerbocker Building,
Baltimore, Md.

(Continued on next page.)

car.

OCCURRENCES DURING PRINTING-Continued. 591. Naval and Military Order of Spanish-American War Veterans: National Commandery,(apt.

Taylor E. Brown bias been elected Commander-in-Chief; Major Frank Keck, 78 Broad Street,

New York City, Recorder-in-Chief. 601. Heads of Governments: Dr. Ernest Brenner was elected President of Switzerland, December 601,606. 'King Oscar II. of Sweden died December 8, and his oldest son succeeded him as Gustave v. 622. Population of largest cities: A population of 1,000,000 is claimed for Shanghai and suburbs,

practically one city. A late Japanese census makes the population of Tokio 2,085,160;

Osaka, 1,117,151; Kobe, 345,952; Nagasaki, 169.941. 684. The Oklahoma Senators drew lots December 17, 1907. Thomas P. Gore drew the term

expiring March 3, 1909; Robert L. Owens drew that expiring March 3, 1913. 694 Judiciary New York: Governor Hughes appointed Abel E. Black mar a Justice of the

New York Supreme Court. 727. Elections, New York State: The official canvass of votes cast in 1907 for and against proposed

Amendments to the State ('onstitution, shows both were carried. The vote: No, One, for, 352, 905; against, 137,721, No. Two, for, 309, 159; against, 123,919.

The United States Battleship Fleet, WHICH DEPARTED FOR THE PACIFIC COAST DECEMBER 16, 1907. THE FLEET FORMATION,

THE FLEET'S ITINERARY. (Rear-Admiral Robley D. Evans, Commanding.)

Poet.

Arrival.

Departure. First Division, First Squadron.

Dec.16, 1907 Connecticut..

Capt. H. W. Osterhaus Hampton Roads.

Trinidad... (Flagsbip of Rear-Admiral Evans.)

Dec, 24, 1907 Dec, 29, 1907 Kansas...

Rio de Janeiro
Capt. Charles E. Vreeland

Jan. 11, 1908 Jan. 21, 1908 Vermont.

Punta Arenas.
Capt. William P. Potter

Jan. 31, 1908 Feb. 5, 1908

Callao...... Louisiana...............Capt. Richard Wainwright

Feb.18, 1908 Feb. 28, 1908

*Magdalena Bay... Mar.14.1908 Second Division, First Squadron.

"San Francisco.... Probably May 1, 1908.

*The exact date of departure from Magdalena Bay and if Georgia.

..Capt. Henry McCrea

arrival at San Francisco are unknown, as they depend upon (Flagship of Rear-Admiral William H. Emory.)

the completion of target practice in Magdalena Bay,
New Jersey .Capt. Wm. H. H. Southerland
Rhode Island

Capt. J.B. Murdock THE FLOTILLA'S ITINERARY.
Virginia...
Capt. Seaton Schroeder

PORT.

Arrivals. Departure. Third Division, Second Squadron. Minnesota.. Capt. John Hubbard Hampton Roads..

Dec. 2. 1907 (Flagship of Rear-Admiral Charles M. Thomas. ) San Juan.

Dec. 7,1907 Dec, 12,1207 Ohio.. Capt. Charles W. Bartlett Trinidad...

Dec. 15, 1907 Dec. 21.1907 Missouri Capt. G. A. Merriam Para.......

Dec.26, 1907 Dec. 31, 1907 Maine.... ........Capt. Giles B. Harber Pernambuco

Jan, 5, 1908 Jan. 10. JH08 Rio de Janeiro

Jan 15, 1908 Jan, 20, 1908 Fourth Division, Second Squadron.

Montevideo

Jan. 25, 1908 Feb. 1,1908 unta Arenas.

b. 8. 1908 Feb. 12. 1908 Alabama...... .Capt. Ten Eyck D. W. Veeder

Talcahuano.... (Flagship of Rear-Admiral Charles S. Sperry.)

Feb. 20, 1908 Feb. 25, 1908 Ilinois..

Callao.

Mar. 4.1908 ...(apt.John M. Bowver

Nar. 9, 1988

Panama
Kearsarge
.Capt. Hamilton Hutchins

Mar.16.1908 Mar.11.1908 Kentucky

Mar.28, 1908 ........ Capt. Walter C. Cowles Acapulco.

Apr. 2, 1908 Magdalena Bay

A pr. 6.1908

San Francisco..
The Auxiliary Division.

Probably Maly 1, 1908.
Glacier, sup, ship.
..Com, W. S. Hogg

FLEET SUPPLIES.
Culgoa, sup, ship.
..Com. J. B. Patton Coal.

130,000 tons Panther, rep. ship.

....Com. V. 8. Nelson
Cost of coal.

$1,300,000 Yankton, tenuer

Lt. W. R. Gherardi
Fruits (dried and pres'd).

300,0lbs. Beef (fresh and tinned)

000,000 lbs. Torpedo- Borut Flotilla. Han..

41 0,00lbs. Whipple.......

Lieut. Hutch I. Cone

Tinned meats (other than beef) 200,000 lbs. (Commanding flotiva.) Salt pork..

200,000 lbs Hopkins. Lieut. Alfred G. Flowe Sausage

150.000 lbs. Huil.. Lieut. Frank McCommons Fowl.

76,000 lbs. Stewart Lieut, Julius F. Hellweg Mutton......

90,00 lbs. Truxton .. Lieut. Charles S. Terrick Lard.

83,000 lbs. Lawrence.

700,000 lbs. ...... Eusigu Ernest Friedrick Potatoes.... Butter..

150,000 lbs. Coffee

100,000 lbs. Recapitulation of Flect. Tea...

3.000 lbs. Number of battleships,

16 Fresh eggs.

24,000 110%. Number of torpedo-boruts

6 Tinned vegetables.

446,000 lbs. Number of anxiliaries

4
Onions......

95,000 lbs Total number of men in crews.. .15,000 Rice.

95,000 lbs. Length of cruise...... 13,772 miles Soup.

655, 00lbs. Duration of voyage.. .135 days | Tobacco.

12,000 lbs. For the benefit of the friends and relatives of the sailors on the battleship fleet, the Nary Department wishes it made known that all mail matter destined for the 15,000 mien afloat in the big chips can be sent at domestic rates of postage. Sono matter what part of South America Admiral Evan's ships may be, the sailors' letters will be delivered to them if they bear the ordinary two-cent Anierican stamp for each once.

All mall maiter for the feet should be addressed care of Postmaster, New York,

An Interesting Story of the Vine and Wine in the Different States of the

Union - The Growing Demand for Light Wines in This Country.

L

ONG before Columbus made his first voyage, in 1492, the bold and venture

some Norsemen visited our Atlantic shores. They found the wild vines and

grapes growing in such luxuriance and profusion that they named the country "Vine-land." What a long stretch from Old Vineland to New Vineland, with its hundreds of thousands of acres of cuitivated vines:

The history of grape and wine growing in the United States is a long story of struggles and failures. It begins with the attempts of the Colonists to plant a few vines in Virginia in 1610, three years after the settlement of Jamestown. It continues down to the year 1857, when grape and wine growing was first made a commercial success by Hon. Nicholas Longworth at Cincinnati, Ohio. Thus, the American grape and wine industry is but fifty years old. As a matter of fact, its greatest progress has all taken place in the last twenty or twenty-five years.

The American “Vine-land" now comprises about 350,000 acres of vineyards. The State of California leads with a total of 230,000 acres planted to grapes. New York State is next with about 60,000 acres of vineyards. Ohio follows with about 10,000 acres. Michigan and Missouri each has about 6,000 or 8,000 acres of vines. In fact, grapes are grown and wines are made in more than one-half of the States in the Union. The capital invested in our vineyards, wine cellars and plants, machinery and warehouses, stocks of wines, etc., giving employment to thousands of farmers and workmen, is put at $100,000,000.

With the immense production of grapes has come the large increase in the use and consumption of light wines in this country. For many years our people drank largely of foreign wines, but now they consume our good American wines. The importations of foreign wines are about the same as they were twenty years ago; that is to say, in 1907 some 5,000,000 gallons of wine were imported into the United States, which is just about the quantity of wine imported in 1887.. On the other hand, the output of American wines in 1907 was about 50,000,000 gallons; so that about ten times as much wine is produced and consumed in this country as there is of foreign wines.

THE SUPERIOR QUALITIES OF AMERICAN WINES, There is every reason why our wines should be equal, if not superior, to any in the world. We have in the United States the choicest varieties of grapes, almost every kind of soil and climate, American capital and enterprise, and the most intelligent labor in the world. France, Italy, Spain and Germany have no monopoly of sunshine, soil or climate for grape culture, nor any secret in making good wines not known to our people here.

All the varieties of grapes producing wines in France, Italy, Spain and Germany are growing to-tay in the vineyards of the United States. In addition, we have many native varieties of grapes, such as the Concord, Delaware and Catawba, which are not found in Europe. It is no wonder, then, that our wine makers can and do produce wines that rival the vintages of the Old World,

All of the well-known "types" of wines produced in Europe are obtained in this country. The vineyard districts of France, Italy, Spain and Germany now have their counterparts in the vineyard districts of Virginia, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Missouri and California. Thus the French Clarets can be duplicated bv the American Clarets; the Italian Chianti by the American Chianti. The dry white wines of western New York, of northern Ohio and of the California footh!lls resemble the German wines of the Rhine and Moselle. The Champagne

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