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quences -- sinfulness and cure, are all Dr. Hoppus has made admirable use of touched upon with much learning, piety, the fact, that God has blessed, at home and effect.
and abroad, the labours of all evangelical We give one or two specimens of the Christians, to teach them charity, and forauthor's style of enforcing his sentiments. bearance, and love, one toward another. In the preface we have the following very “And must,” he says, (p. 416, under pertinent remarks :
the head, Disguises of Schism,') " the " The close of the last century and the treasure of the Gospel lose its power to early part of the present, were marked by enrich the world, if it be not deposited in the pouring out of awful • vials' of slaugh- the vessels of our sanctuary! If God is ter and desolation on the Roman earth, 'no respecter of persons,' is he, then, a reEvents, such as had previously been wont specter of denominations ? Has he not to oceur, singly, at the intervals of ages, poured contempt on sectarian bigotry, by became only so many scenes, rapidly suc- the blessing he has vouchsafed to the efforts ceeding each other, in one stupendous po- of the various divisions of the professing litical drama, of a quarter of a century- church? Those whom you, perhaps, would till a great part of Europe was bestrewed exclude from Christian communion; or with the wrecks of ancient thrones, and whom you, looking down from your airy those which were not overthrown, were castle of apostolical succession, and beguiled made to vibrate to their foundations; so by your gorgeous visions of spiritual dothat the hearts of all men 'failed them for minion and sacramental grace, of which fear.' Those days are, happily, past; and apostles never conceived-would solemnly no general European war has since stood in consign, by millions, to a forlorn peradventhe way of social improvements. Our own ture of salvation, if not to .eternal wrath,' beloved country, among other nations, soon as 'schismatics' from your church ; while began to benefit by the merciful cessation God is showing that, so far from being of that appalling storm. It cannot be schismatics from his, they are actually redoubted that much progress has been made ceiving their share in the first-fruits of the during the last twenty years, in respect to great promise to the Christian Zion! The all the great elements on which human hap- abundance of the sea shall be converted piness permanently depends. Religion, es- unto thee; the forces of the Gentiles shall pecially, has been a gainer; and, at this come unto thee :' I will make thee an moment, unprecedented efforts are made to eternal excellency, the joy of many generacause it to penetrate into all the recesses of
“The diligent study of the history of "But it is deeply to be regretted, that Christian missions, might prove of no the visible unity of Christians, as such, slight benefit towards the cure of an exindependently of their distinguishing pecu- clusive spirit; especially to those who say, liarities, is far from having made satisfac- that the fact of apostolic succession is too tory progress. Of late years, especially, notorious to require proof' (Tracts for the the breach between members of the Estab- Times, No. VII., p. 2.) An argument of lished Church and Dissenters, has evidently sovereign efficacy, if it be allowed that widened. The clashing claims made by ignorance is bliss;' but of little avail, these parties, have been brought more into where it is not thought · folly to be wise.' actual collision than heretofore. The re- In the missionary registers, however, which vival, too, of the doctrine ofApostolical contain facts that may now safely be ad. Descent' in the Church of England, has mitted as "too notorious' to need further tended to give to the mutually alienated 'proof,' we have what might be termed the feelings, on both sides, the stability of second book of the • Acts of the Apostles ;' principle. The same cause has also pro- and a greater claim to apostolic honours duced a new schism within the Establish. might be founded on these records, than all ment itself. It is evident that the lament. the 'notorious' traditions of Rome. For, able wounds under which Christianity is as ' he is a Jew, who is one inwardly, and suffering from the discord and dissensions circumcision is of the heart;' so he is a of its professors, cannot be effectually real successor of the apostles, who has imhealed, but by a devout recurrence to first bibed their spirit and followed their steps principles. Ecclesiastical history, properly -as Milton describes the primitive bishop, estimated, no doubt has its use; but the ' unreverenced, unlorded :-with brotherly final, and only authoritative appeal, must equality, matchless temperance, frequent be to the law and to the testimony' of fasting, incessant prayer and preaching, Seripture. This the author has sought to continual watchings, and labours in his consnlt, not in the spirit of a partisan, but ministry.' Such was a Schwartz, the 'apos. as an inquirer after truth. How far he tle of the East,'-an Elliott, or a Brainerd, may have succeeded, must be left with the apostles of the American Indians. others to determine."
Such have been many missionaries : and
such are some whom death has not yet of his readers. They are as follow :-Bungiven to history; and long may he with- yan's boyhood-Bunyan in the army-Marhold their names! Have not the literary riage-First reformation Second reforma. labours and self-denial of a Carey and a tion-Conversion-Conflicts - Counsellors Morrison, moreover, left a legacy of bless- -Relapses— Temptations-Revivals—Buning to millions yet unborn, in India and in yan and Luther-Satan and angels–BunChina ; though no episcopal commission yan's crisis-Baptism-Sick-bed-Call to ever authorized them to be divines?
the ministry-Bunyan and the Quakers“Let us unlearn the lesson of bigotry Example-Ministerial position - Arrestand exclusiveness, by perusing what God Trial-Defence-Second wife-Bunyan and has done, in conferring the marks of his the Prayer-book-Favourite sermon-Bun. approbation on the missions of Moravians, yan's thunderbolts — Anecdotes-Jailor Congregationalists, Baptists, Presbyterians, Bunyan and the Baptists—Prison thoughts Episcopalians, and Wesleyans, both of Bri- -Amusements-Moral philosophy-Wittain and America ; as well as on those of Conceits — Bunyan's church persecuted Christians on the Continent of Europe. Pastoral letters-Calvinism-Unitarianism Let us learn the notorious fact,' that God -Catholicity—Bunyan's release - Calumhas poured down showers of blessings be- nies — Pastorship — Bibliography - Last yond the limits of the little parterre which days— Traditions and relics of Bunyan-we have planted. Let Greenland and Africa Bunyan's genius. -the Indies, East and West-the South We may truly say, after having carefully Seas and New Zealand- let the world bear read every one of these chapters, that there witness,"
is not one of them destitute of deep interest. This is, to say the least of it, powerful There is a vivacity and a realization about writing; and the Essay teems with such the entire volume highly creditable to the passages. In company with Dr. Harris's diligence, taste, and discrimination of the incomparable essay, this volume will, we author. doubt not, be a great blessing to the church As a specimen of the style of the work of Christ.
we select the following from chap. XV., Bunyan's baptism.
“The reader need not fear to go through The LIFE, TIMES, and CHARACTERISTICS
this chapter. It will not touch the baptisof John BUNYAN, Author of the Pil. grim's Progress. By R. Philip, Author
mal controversy ; but merely bring out of the “ Life and Times of Whitefield,"
Bunyan's opinion and spirit, in a light they
have never been placed before. Iyimey exthe “ Experimental Guides,”' &c. 8vo.
plains Bunyan's studied silence, in both. The G. Virtue, Ivy-lane.
Pilgrim' and 'Grace Abounding,' on the sub
ject of his baptism, by saying, that he made We anticipate for this volume a large no allusion to the event,' because the measure of success. The subject of it has constitution of the church at Bedford did an imperishable hold of the public mind ; not consider baptism by immersion, upon a and the esteemed biographer has put forth personal profession of faith, as an essential one of his very best efforts. If he has too requisite for communion at the Lord's ta. much undervalued all former lives of Buu. ble. This is true ; but it is not half the yan, which we rather incline to think he truth. He did not consider baptism as has done, there can be no doubt that, in even an initiatory ordinance. He reckoned point of real information, he has left them himself as a believer, to have been put to very far in the rear. “On both sides of the death, buried, and raised again, with Christ, Atlantic,” Mr. P. informs us, “ he had a
representatively; and thus his having a circle of readers, large enough for his am. right to Church membership, before he bition, and upon whom he could calculate, was baptised. This was his cardinal if his researches were successful. They point; and it astounded as well as offended have been so, beyond even his most san- those of the 'water-baptism way,' as he guine expectations. He discovered much calls them. They saw the meaning of that was unknown and unnoticed hitherto, Paul's doctrine of representation chiefly, if as well as much to enlarge and illustrate not only, in baptism. Bunyan saw it chiefly what is best known in the history of Bun- in the Lord's supper, because that plunged yan.” Such are the author's views of his him deepest into fellowship with the sufferown labours ; and we really believe they ings and death of Christ. *** No one, will be found, on the whole, to be well sus. surely, can regret that he was baptised tained.
by immersion! That was just the mode The heads of the chapters will afford a calculated to impress him, practised as it tolerably accurate idea of the course which usually was then in rivers. He felt the subour author has taken in order to set the limity of the whole scene at the Ouse, as character of Bunyan fully before the minds well as its solemnity. Gifford's eye may
because of its limited size ; for it is indeed a multum in parvo. To young ministers it will indeed be a valuable boon. The suggestions it contains on personal piety, sound knowledge, general character and deportment, are pointed and striking; and the hints on preaching and pastoral visitation, are about the best we have ever read on the same subject. If every young minister would possess his mind and heart of the contents of this little volume, it would be of immense service to him in his future ministry. Next month we hope to furnish some extracts, in our Essay department, from this invaluable compendium.
have realized nothing on the occasion, but the meaning of the ordinance ; but Bunyan saw Jordan in the lilied Ouse, and John the Baptist in the holy minister, and almost the dove in the passing birds; whilst the sun-struck waters flashed around and over him, as if the Shechinah had descended upon him. For let it not be thought that he was indifferent abont his baptism, because he was indignant against strict Baptists, and laid more stress upon the doctrines it taught than upon its symbolic significancy. He loved immersion although he hated the close communion of the Baptist churches. The fact is,-and I mention it with more than complacency,-he always looked back upon this voluntary act of obedience to Christ, just as those do upon parental dedi. cation, who, like myself, have the high and hallowed consciousness, that we could not, by any personal submission to baptism now, exceed, in faith or devotion, the ina tense solicitude of a holy mother, or the solemn faith of a godly father, who with united bands and hearts baptized us into the one body' of the church of their God and our God.'"
We cannot close our brief notice of this deeply interesting biography of one of the most remarkable men that our country ever produced without cordially thanking the author for the successful effort which he has made to bring forth fully to public view, ail that is valuable in his private and public history.
The PRIVILEGE of SANCTIFIED POVERTY.
A Sermon, occasioned by the Death of Thomas Cranfield, a poor but laborious Serrant of Jesus Christ, who departed this life, November 27, 1838. By JAMES SHERMAN, Surrey Chapel.
The text is most happily chosen. The sermon contains the most heart-stirring appeals to Christians to labour for Christ. The memoir which accompanies it is one of the most interesting of its kind we have read, and the price is very cheap.
1. SWITZERLAND. Illustrated in a series
of Views, taken expressly for this work, by W. H. BARTLETT, Esq. By WILLIAM
BEATTIE, M.D. 2 vols. 4to. 2. The WALDENSES; or, Protestant Val
leys of Piedmont, Dauphiny, and the
1 vol. 4to. 3. SCOTLAND. Illustrated in a series of
Views taken expressly for this work. By
George Virtue, Ivy Lane. We are at a loss to determine which of these three works is most deserving of public patronage. They are all of them deeply interesting, both as specimens of art, and literary and historical monuments.
Switzerland will be examined with de. light, by all who can estimate the sublime and beautiful in nature, or who take pleasure in those moral associations which connect themselves with the mountains and lakes, the cities and towns, the towers and castles, of a land where the struggle for truth and freedom has been maintained with a bravery and determination never to be forgotten in the annals of time.
The Waldenses may be regarded as a valuable addition to our means of acquaintance with a race of men of whom the world was not worthy. While we cast our eyes over the rugged steeps, the frowning precipices, the dark caverns-here so admirably dilineated-where for ages the persecuted servants of God sought shelter from the bloodthirsty designs of cruel and apostate Rome, we feel our hearts stirred with unutterable emotions.
Scotland is by far the best representation extant of “the land of mountain and song." Being ourselves familiar with most of the scenes here introduced, we can speak with the greater confidence of their pecu
Counsels to a Young MInister, in re
lation to his Studies, Preaching, and Pastoral Duties: being the Enlargement of a Discourse delivered at the recognition of the Rev. PERCY STRUTT, to the Pastoral Charge of Gloucester-street Meeting, Liverpool, October 17, 1838. By the Rec. J. LEIFCHILD, D.D. Published by request. 18mo. pp. 66.
Thomas Ward and Co. Whatever Mr. Leifchild commits to the press is always eminently fitted to sustain his well-earned reputation. Our readers must not undervalue the volume before us,
liar taste and accuracy.
Dr. Beattie has not failed to avail himself, in the literary part of the work, of those legendary, political, and religious associations, which invest every nook and corner of Caledonia with recollections of undying interest.
able. With pictorial illustrations eminent for their skill and adaptation,-a commentary long established in the public confi. dence,-and a concordance written on a new and improved principle, it is offered to families at the moderate sum of two pounds ten shillings. As a present to a newly-married couple, just entering on the responsibilities of domestic life, it may prove the means of extensive good to generations yet unborn.
The ILLUSTRATED FAMILY BIBLE, con
taining the Old and New Testaments, &c. &c. With the Self-Interpreting and Explanatory Notes, and Marginal References, of the late Rev. John BROWN, Minister of the Gospel at Haddington. To which is appended, a complete Concordance of the Old and New Testaments.
Fisher and Co. This is an age of wonders as it respects the efforts of the press. Never was the art of printing so well understood as it is in the present day. “ The Illustrated Family Bible" is a striking proof of the truth of these remarks. As a specimen of typography it will be regarded, by the best judges, as unrivalled in taste and beauty; and, in economy to the public, it is no less remark
PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION. 1. Pentecostal Christianity, by the Rev. T. W.JExKYN, Author of the “ Extent of the Atonement," &c., and “On the Union of the Holy Spirit and the Church in the Conversion of the World."
2. In one handsome volume, 8vo, British India ; in its relation to the Decline of Hindooism and the Progress of Christianity : containing remarks on the Manners, Customs, and Literature of the People ; on the Effects which Idolatry has produced on their civil, moral, and political relations ; on the obstacles which Christianity has to surmount; on the progress of Religion in former and present times ; on the support which the British governinent has given to their superstitions; and on education and the English language, as the medium through which it should be given. By the Rev. W. CAMPBELL, Missionary to India.
EXTRACT FROM A SERMON
I. But what is this hope inspired by Preached in St. Andrew's Church, Bombay,
Christianity which moderates our grief for May 22nd, 1836, on the occasion of the departed friends ? This is the subject to Death of Major Miller, Judge Advocate
which, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, we are General, Bombay Army. By the Rev. now to direct your attention. John Stevenson.
1. Christianity moderates our grief for [From the "Oriental Christian Spectator," for July,
departed Christian friends, by giving us the 1836.]
assurance that they immediately enter into
a state of bliss. " But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye
2. Christianity moderates our grief, by sorrow not even as others which have no hope," &c. the hope of the glorious resurrection of 1 Thess. iv. 13-18.
those who have died in the Lord. It is worthy of remark, that sorrow for 3. The Scriptures further console us, in departed friends in every religion, with the regard to departed friends, by placing before exception of the Christian, has either been our minds hopes of an eternity of blessed. too much encouraged, or altogether prohi- ness to be enjoyed in the new heaven and bited. In the religions intended for man- the new earth, in the society of all the kind in general, grief has been allowed to family of God. take its full course, and even hired mourn- II. But we must briefly advert to the ers called in to increase the gloom by their character of those for whom this happiness lugubrious strains. In the systems intend- is prepared. ed for more refined and philosophíc spirits, 1. They are believers in Jesus Christ, all mourning has been forbidden, and the &c. weeping relatives of departed friends com- 2. They abound in all the duties of ho. manded to dry up their tears, and consider liness, &c. pain and pleasure, prosperity and adver- Day after day calls on us to mourn over sity as one and the same thing. Chris. one and another of those who have mingled tianity steers a middle course. The Bible with us, engaged along with us in all the informs us that Jesus wept at the grave of busy scenes of life, and met with us in the Lazarus. The apostle in our text permits house of prayer. Since we last assembled, us to mourn, but enjoins us not to mourn intelligence has reached us of the removal as those who have no hope.
by death of one, who but two weeks pre.
viously had united here with us in our sa. for the high worth of Major Miller, and cred worship in perfect health ; in whịch especially for his sincere and consistent state be continued to all appearance, till attachment to the cause of the Redeemer, the morning on which he was attacked by a and the Christian graces by which he was fatal disease, of which, in two days after- distinguished, we have peculiar pleasure wards, he died.
in laying the preceding sketch before our How forcibly then ought the remark to readers. The following Regimental Order be impressed on all our minds, which he shows that, while that highly respected offimade to a friend a few days before he was cer“ feared God," he also, in strict harattacked; when speaking of the many who mony with right principle, “honoured the had been removed by death who were once king," and most faithfully discharged his their associates, saying " who knows which public duties. of us may be the next to follow !” Hap- ARTILLERY HEAD QUARTERS, BOMBAY, pily for him, he had learnt to depend on
May 18th, 1836. Jesas alone for salvation, to renounce all dependence on his own merits, and to build
Regimental Order by Lieutenant-Colonel all his hopes of happiness on that sure
Griffith. foundation, which the Son of God has laid
“ The Commandant, with sincere grief, in his obedience and sufferings. Possessing
announces the decease of Major William powers of mind of no ordinary sort, as all
Miller, at Mahabuleshwar, on the 14th who knew him can testify, he had learnt to
instant. distrust all human reasonings when op
“Although a public order is perhaps not posed to the Divine reason which is reveal.
the most fit or usual vehicle of conveying ed to us in the sacred Scriptures; and to
the expression of private feelings, the Com. know, that in the things of religion, the
mandant cannot, on this mournful occasion, highest reason is to sit as a little child at deny himself the melancholy satisfaction of the feet of Jesus, and receive his word;
recording his sense of the loss which the nor was he ashamed to avow his belief in regiment in particular, and the service at the speedy fulfilment of the promise of the
large, has suffered by the sudden removal Lord in regard to that grand restitution of
of one of their brightest ornaments. things mentioned in our text, notwithstand.
“To professional talent of the highest ing the taunting question of the scoffer :- order, Major Miller united a zeal which no "Where is the promise of his coming ; for
difficulty could weary; and though latterly, since the fathers fell asleep, all things con
by his appointment to a high office on the tinue as they were from the foundation of general staff of the army he was removed the world ?" Though precluded, from the
from immediate connexion with his reginature of his disease, from giving any audible
ment, his interest in it continued. The name expression to his hope in his last illness, he
of Miller is so intimately blended with the gare in other ways distinct intimation, history of the Bombay Artillery, during the when questioned, that his confidence was last twenty-five years, that it is vain to simply placed on his Redeemer and God. seek for any particular period of that term Bat he had not left the things of salvation,
on which to dwell. His splendid abilities and the expression of his hopes to a death
were always devoted to the best interests of bed. He had lived a life of faith in the Son
the corps which he so conspicuously adornof God, maintained the worship of God in
ed ; while his highly honourable and amia. bis family, and daily studied his Bible as
ble disposition secured him the affectionate the best preparative for all the important
esteem of all who were associated with him duties of his station. To "fervency of spirit"
in private life. Many officers have indivi. be added " diligence in business,” actively
dually to mourn the loss of a sincere and and zealously performing all the duties of
attached friend. All must deplore the his profession, remembering that our life on
event which has deprived the regiment, and earth is short, that it is emphatically deno
the service, of so much public worth. minated, in Scripture, “ a hand-breadth, or
“ The Commandant feels assured that a span," and that therefore we must work
the officers will join him in expressing their with diligence while it is called to-day,
united sorrow, by wearing crape mourning seeing " the night so soon cometh when no
on the left arm for a period of one month man can work."
from the receipt of this order. Let it then, my Christian friends, be our
(Signed) “W. M. COGHLAN. aim to glorify God while we live, and to be
“Captain Brigade Major Artillery." followers of those who, through faith and Major Miller was a native of Edinburgh, patience, have gone to inherit the pro- and came to India as a Cadet of Artillery,
in 1811. He died in his 43rd year, From the regard which we entertained