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completely formed. It changes from fire for three months, then freed from green to yellow, and from yellow to their shells, and finally they are dipreil. The clove harvest then com- ped in lime-water. Among the mimences, but in this state the fruit is nor spicy products are the Massoy not completely matured for the pur- bark tree, seldom used for culinary poses of propagation. It swells af- purposes, but as an ingredient in coster this in the course of three weeks metics; the Culitławan, a species of to an extraordinary size, loses much laurel cultivated for its bark; the of its spicy quality, and contains a Cassia tree, found in several of the hard nucleus like the seed of the bay. islands; and the Curdamom. GinThere appear to be five varieties of ger is extensively diffused, but is inthe clove; but its geographical dis- ferior in quality to that of Malabar tribution is very limited, being ori- and Bengal. Malayan Camphor is ginally confined to the five Molucca not the product of a laurel as in Jaislands, and chiefly to Machian. The pan, but of a large forest tree, remarkcloves, when taken from the tree, are able for yielding a variety of resinous placed on hurdles and smoked to a substances. Benzoin is obtained from brown colour by means of a slow a sinall tree which grows in rich moist wood fire. The period of harvest is lands, such as are suitable for the culfrom October to December. The next ture of marsh rice. Sandal wood is in order of this class is the Nutmeg found in three varieties, white, yeltree, (Nux myristica,) which grows low, and red, the two first being most to the height of fifty feet, with a well esteemed. It is a native of the mounbranched stem. The leaves resem: tains; and from Java and Madura ble those of the pear; when rubbed eastward it is scattered in small quanthey emit a fine aromatic odour; and tities throughout the different islands. when the tree is cut a blood red co
(To be continued.) loured liquid, which gives an indelible stain to cloth, issues from the wound.
66 The tree bears throughout the year, the same plant having flowers and fruit in Bundyborough, June 19, 1820. every stage. The fruit is about the size, and has much the appearance, of a necta
MR EDITOR, rine. It is marked all round by a furrow,
The very obliging manner in which such as the peach has on one side only. you have accepted the offer of my corThe outer coat of this fruit is smooth, and respondence, ought to have animated when young of a lively green. As it ri- me to fresh exertions; but human napens it acquires a red blush like a ripe ture is human nature, and procrastipeach, and bursting at the furrow, exhibits nation forms a very principal part in the nutmeg with its reticulated coat the its composition, at least it does in the mace of a bne crimson colour. The exter- composition of the De Coverleys. I nal pulpy covering is about half an inch have been intending every day for the thick, of a firm consistence, succulent, and last month to have followed up the to the taste austere and astringent. Ap- detailed account I before sent you of pearing through the interstices of the mace is the nutmeg, which is loosely inclosed in myself, by giving you some account a thin shell of black glossy appearance, not
of my family, which, as I have aldifficultly broken.” Vol. I. p. 504.
ready said, consists of two sons and a
daughter; but one thing that has deThis tree is found in New Holland, layed my writing to you has been the in the southern peninsula of India, consideration of how I might be able in Cochinchina, in New Guinea, and to say all I think of my children's other places remotely situated from good qualities, without making myeach other, so that it has a far wider self liable to be laughed at as a blind geographical distribution than the doating father, and how I should, with clove. The fruit is gathered in April, just impartiality, point out their deJuly, and November ; its maturity is fects and failings, without wounding discovered by the blush on the pulpy their feelings, or my own. I think, covering. The mace is first separat- therefore, the best way of giving you ed from the nutmeg, and then dried an insight into their characters will in the sun; the nutmegs are also dried be to let them speak for themselves, in the sun; then smoked over a wood and I will begin with my eldest son
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE DE COVER
And am, my
Richard, and transcribe a letter had win five, guineas, and if she stays from him soon after I arrived at this abroad, I shall be better pleased than place.
if I had won ten.
I rejoice to hear that my good mo
ther is becoming reconciled to her new To John De Coverley, Esq. abode. I hope she and her antagonist MY DEAR FATHER,
the butcher have accommodated their I am happy to find that the air of differences, and that either she has Bandyborough is more favourable to taught him to cut his meat in the letter-writing than the air of London, London fashion, or that he has taught for, indeed, my dear Sir,
her to eat it as the good folks at Banlived there, you were á wretched dyborough do, for things cannot long correspondent, but now I have more remain at such extremities between reason to admire than to complain. persons so necessary to each other. I Thank you most sincerely for your am glad she (my mother) has been two last letters. 'You do me but jus- admitted into the whist coterie, as I tice in supposing you cannot enter too doubt not she will find it a great reminutely into family details; what source in long winter evenings, and concerns you, and my dear mother and longer summer ones. But what will sister, are more to me than all the she do without her saucy son to stand politics of Europe. Apropos of poli- at her elbow to remind her from time tics, I am amused with all you tell to time what are trumps? But tell me about the party politics of your her, though still saucy, I am always late election, and I am heartily glad her affectionate son. that all the little feuds and animosi- dear father, yours, ties resulting therefrom are beginning
RICHARD DE COVERLEY. to subside. For my own part, I think Tell George, if still with you, I there should be an act of oblivion at wish the next epic poem he sends every fresh election, as there is an
me by the post, he would either get act of grace at every fresh reign, and franked, or pay the postage. it should be unlawful to remember, and high treason against good fellowship to repeat, any of the little squibs, You will perceive, Mr Editor, from affronts, insults, and ill-natured wito his own account, that he is intended ticisms that occur during the satur- for the bar, and you will guess that nalia of an election. The talking over he is a cheerful light-hearted fellow, an election, when it is concluded, is somewhat of a rattle; indeed I fear almost as bad as talking over a game he would be what is called a quizzer, at cards after it has been played, or if his excessive good nature and dread discussing the merits of a dinner after of giving pain did not keep the vivait has been eaten ; such chewings of city of his temper within the bounds the cud may show a good memory, of discretion. To say the truth, in but exhibit_mighty little imagina- looking into the bottom of my heart, tion. Tell Fanny I shall write her a while at this moment I am writing am long letter very soon, with a full ac- bout him, it seems to me, that he is count of all my proceedings, but for my favourite child ; his graceful perthe present let it suffice to know, that son, his fine De Coverley face the I have been very quiet and very stu- image of his great uncle, his cheerful pid. Little else has been talked of animated countenance, make him, in for the last week, but the Queen's my eyes, singularly prepossessing, and threatened return to England. The i certainly should love him the best general opinion seems to be that she of the three, if I did not discover that will not come, but I, for the sake of the other two were equally engaging contradiction, being the thing we
in their different ways, and equally lawyers live by, have laid a wager entitled to their due share of my af with Ned Trevor that she will come. fections. At any rate, though I may Let not my cautious mother shake her be able to keep even the balance of head, and say, "Dear me, how silly!" favour, Richard is decidedly his mofor, with true professional skill, I have ther's favourite ; whether it is, that laid my bet with all the odds in my an eldest son has usually that prerofavour, for if her Majesty should vi- gative, or because the jokes of her sit-“ her beloved England," I shall saucy son act as a sort of stimulant on
the soporific nature of her own mind; nap after dinner, I should always in and so relieve it from a kind of con- dulge in it;" for nature," as he just: stitutional weight, I cannot tell ; but ly says, points out what she recertain it is, every thing he says and quires :"-he also advises me in fine does is right in her eyes, and she selweather to take a little airing in the dom praises or rebukes her other chil- carriage, and he says his wife, a good dren but through him. She says kind of woman, though very lame,
Fanny writes a beautiful hand, als will be always so kind as to accommost as neat a one as Richard's ;" but pany me. Your aunt Eleanor and he finds terrible faults.' with George's are great friends, as he agrees perfectbow, " which will never be so grace- ly with her in all her opinions, and ful as Dick's." But, as I said before they talk incessantly aboạt the conwhy should I not make every body stitution ; but whether they are talk, speak for themselves when I can? ing about politics or medicine, I can't My wife shall show how great her af- always make out;-poor thing, I am fection is for her son, by sending you sorry she troubles herself so much the copy of a letter she wrote him a
about politics, for I can't see any good few days ago, and if you knew Mrs it can do. Your father and sister alDe Coverley as well as I do, you would ways leave the room as soon as she not think slightly of that feeling begins, which is very tiresome to me. which could urge her to such an un- However, I am exceedingly glad Mr wonted proceeding.
Scamony has ordered me to sleep af
awake to listen to her. I am quite Mrs De Coverley to Richard De Co- tired with writing this long letter, verley, Esq.
so must conclude, your affectionate DEAR Dick,-Mr Smith has just mother, called to see if we have any thing to 3',
JOAN DE COVERLEY... send you, and I take the opportunity of sending a dozen shirts I have been
This letter reminds me that I must making for you, and as nobody is in not forget, or overlook, a very conspithe way to write, I must, as I want cuous person in our family group to know if the collars are made the my sister Eleanorma tall bony elderly proper height. You will be glad to lady, who having, once upon a time, hear I am beginning to like Bandy- passed three days in the same house borough very well, I suppose, because with the celebrated Junius, who paid I am getting used to it, ---the reason, her, as she tells us, many compliI dare say, why I liked Great Russel ments, has
taken upon · herself, Street so much, which you and Fanny from that circumstance, to be a futhought so dull. We are very lucky rious politician, and decides and anihere in having an exceeding clever a- madverts upon the conduct of every pothecary, who seems to know all our public character in Europe, as well as constitutions already as well as if he in England, as if she was the only bad åttended us these ten years, --he person in the world who had coinmon advises your father, for the sake of sense. Besides this, being several his nerves, to get as much cheerful years older than myself, she exerted society as he can; and has kindly of- the prerogative that I observe most fered to come and dine with us when- elder sisters exercise over their broever he is not otherwise engaged; he thers, and used to tutor me so unmerfalso recommends your father to drink cifully when a boy, that she cannot a few glasses of Madeira every day, always be brought to remember that Jwhich he says we can get particular- I am now 59, and, as I hope, of maly good of his father-in-law, a wine ture judgment. 1 However, as I selmerchant in this place. Faniny, he dom listen to her politics, or reply to thinks, requires constant exercise, her sarcasms, we go on admirably, recommends dancing and riding as and my wife's good temper, and Fanbest suited to her state of health, ny's good sense, keep all things in which, he says, if anything, is too ro- their equilibrium, and, to do her jusbust. As for me, he has ordered me tice, she has many excellent qualities, to keep perfectly quiet, as exertion of and has, above all, that chief virtue in every kind is very bad for me, and an aunt, of being blindly partial to her that whenever I feel, inclined for a nephews and nieces. She declares
Richard is the cleverest young man dear father so happy and so much adin England next to Mr Brougham; mired would, alone compensate for a that she had rather read George's poe- world of care. It is impossible to be try than any thing else that is not po- more popular than he is here. His litical; and if Fanny would but study, talents as a man of business make him the “ Bill of Rights," she would not useful and respected-his knowledge have a fault in the world. I was go- of general literature, and his long ining to give you some description of tercourse with the world, gain him this dear daughter of mine, but I the attention and admiration of the must defer it till the next time I have more refined and intellectual part of the pleasure of writing to you ; how- our society--while the urbanity of his ever, as I see upon the table a letter manners, united to the simple-heartshe has been writing to her brother edness and winning smile of the De Richard, she shall introduce herself Coverleys, ensure him the regard, I to your acquaintance by transcribing might almost say affection, of young part of it, while I, in the meantime, and old. Mamma, too, is now persubscribe myself, Mr Editor, your
fectly contented, and I can scarcely obedient servant,
believe she has not lived here from JOHN DE COVERLEY. her birth. She seems to be generally
liked ; and, though I have heard no Miss De Coverley to R. De Coverley, I have of her turban--and, as you
positive admiration expressed of her,
I have often agreed, it is impossible No, my dear brother-no, your ar- for turban and woman to be more aguments are powerful, your advice like. I last night overheard one lady edifying, your eloquence persuasive, whispering to another,-" That is a but never can I cease to sigh for the very pretty turban of Mrs De Coverdelights of dear London ; still must ley's; but, if I did not see it exactly its enlivening amusements, its en- in the same situation night after night, chanting novelties, bę, “ like the me. I should certainly think it was dropmory of joys that are past, pleasant, ping off. I am sure no other person yet mournful to my soul.” The
very could preserve its balance as she does being betrayed into so hackney'd -only see how that Jittle feather on a quotation speaks volumes against the left side trembles as she stirs her this land of exile, where nothing is tea!"-Cannot you see Mamma ? and heard till it is too old to be worth cannot you see her equally composed hearing, and nothing seen, till, in the if her turban (which certainly is like world of fashion, it is become a mere one of the rocking stones we saw last memento that such things have been. year) were actually to drop off? And Oh for the whispered hint of a poem now you will say, What notice have in the press ! Oh for the pleasure of you, direct or indirect, of your own reading it before its novelty (perhaps popularity? My answer is, that the its chief recommendation) has evapo- men, of course, admire me-with rated! Oh for the operas and the pa- them I consider myself an absolute noramas ! And though last, not least inonarch, and I should be excessively in my lamentations, Oh for the Modes astonished if they disputed my title ; de Paris, those bewitching creatures but the ladies I finil rather more dif, of a day which are born and die, ficult to manage, and I think, upon while we in these distant regions re- the whole, they treat me very much main alike ignorant of either event. as their papas and brothers do their
How you will laugh at this burst of representatives in Parliament. So woe! and how, my dearest brother, long as I conciliate them, and bear would my woes vanish, could I have my honours meekly, they are willing the pleasure of seeing you laugh, even to place me in a much higher rank at my expence ! for, after all, the be- than actually belongs to me. I dance ing separated from you is my only like a nymph, sing like an angel, and heartfelt source of regret, the rest is dress like a Parisian; but, if I allowbut on the surface; and you know 'éd myself in the slightest airs, or atme too well not to be assured I can tempted to take as my right the place find some agreeables 'even' to console they confer as a favour, I should sink me for the loss of the metropolis and at once, and my fall would be in proall its enchantments. The seeing my portion to my 'elevation,
no common concern.
- however, hitherto been too prudent to to attend ; and in this manner from thirty dare such a fall, and, in the language to forty, persons usually assembled. After of the thousand and one addresses I this had continued some time, she happen. have lately heard, I may still hope to ed to find an account of the Danish mispreserve the proud pre-eminence in sionaries in her husband's study, and was
much impressed by the perusal. The book which my constituents have placed
strengthened her desire of doing good : she - me. Seriously, though we have some chose the best and most awakening sercountry-town misses in all their mons,' and spake with more freedom, more flounced varieties, we have others warmth, more affection, to the neighbours from whom you and Mr Trevor, when who attended at her evening prayers ;you pay us your promised visit, will their numbers increased in consequence, have difficulty in guarding your for she did not think it right to deny any hearts ; and, though we have coun
who asked admittance. More persons came try-town dandies in their stiffest of at length than the apartment could hold ; collars, we have others in whom I sus
and the thing was represented to her huspect you would gladly find less for- band in such a manner, that he wrote to midable rivals. I have much to tell her, objecting to her conduct, because, he
said, • it looked particular,' because of her you of some of my new acquaintance, sex, and because he was at that time in a whom I trust I may one of these days public station and character, which rendercall friends-much of our routs, and ed it the more necessary that she should balls, and buok societies; but I must do nothing to attract censure ; and he renow bid adieu to my pen, and to you, 'commended that some other person should my dearest brother.
read for her. She began her reply by Your's affectionately, heartily thanking him for dealing so plainFANNY DE COVERLEY.
ly and faithfully with her in a matter of
• As to its looking My aunt Eleanor congratulates you particular," she said, “ 1 grant it does, and on winning five guineas, and refuses so does almost every thing that is serious, to believe you would more gladly have that may any way advance the glory of lost them.
God, or the salvation of souls, if it be performed out of a pulpit or in the way of
common conversation ; because, in our EXTRACTS FROM SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF corrupt age, the utmost care and diligence
has been used to banish all discourse of
God, or spiritual concerns, out of society, WE
gave some extracts * from the as if religion were never to appear out of beginning of this curious book, relat- nothing so much as of confessing ourselves
the closet, and we were to be ashamed of ing to certain circumstances of a seem- to be Christians.' To the objection on acingly supernatural kind, which may count of her sex she answered, that, as she have influenced the imagination of was a woman, so was she also mistress of Wesley in his opening years, and we a large family; and, though the superior proceed now to a few more particu- charge lay upon him as their head and lars of his early life.
minister, yet, in his absence, she could not “ Mr Wesley (the father) usually at- under her care as a talent committed to her
but look upon every soul which he had left tended the sittings of conyocation : such under a trust by the great Lord of all the attendance, according to his principles, was families of heaven and earth. If,' she a part of his duty, and he performed it at added, “I am unfaithful to Him or to you, an expence of money which he could ill in neglecting to improve these talents
, how spare from the necessities of so large a fa- shall I answer unto Him, when he shall mily, and at a cost of time which was in. jurious to his parish. During these ab command me to render an account of my sences, as there was no afternoon service at from his own station and character she left
stewardship ?' The objections which arose Epworth, Mrs Wesley prayed with her own entirely to his own judgment. Why any family on Sunday evenings, read a sermon, person should reflect upon him, because and engaged afterwards in religious con- his wife endeavoured to draw people to yersation. Some of the parishioners who church, and restrain them, by reading and came in accidentally were not excluded; other persuasions, from profaning the Saband she did not think it proper that their bath, she could not conceive ; and, if any presence should interrupt the duty of the were mad enough to do so, she hoped he hour. Induced by the report which these would not regard it. For my own part;' persons made, others requested permission she says, " I value no censure on this ac
count. I have long since shook hands with • See Number for May 1820. the world ; and Į heartily wish I had ne