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Ser m. comprehended likewise those Duties which II.

more particularly respect mens Selves, such as are Sobriety, Temperance, Humility, and the like. The former Branch, the Duty of loving God with our wbole Heart, is by our Saviour expressed in Other words in the Text now read unto you, Thou shalt worShip the Lord thy God and Him only shalt thou serve. In discoursing upon which important Words, I shall observe the following Method. ist, I shall consider the Suppohtion laid down in the Text; that there is one, and One Only, True God or Supreme Lord of all things; The Lord thy God. 2dly, I shall shew What That Duty towards, him is, which is expressed in these words, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God. And 3dly, it being added, Him only shalt thou Serve; I shall thence take occasion to explain distinctly, the nature of the several Species of Idolatry: Which consists, either in setting up Idol-Gods, in opposition to, or in conjunction with, the True God; or in worshipping the True God himself, after an idolatrous manner ; either representing him under visible and corporeal Images, or applying to him through false and Idol Mediators, in diminution of the Honour of

the

the One True Mediator, whom God him-Ser M.

II. self has expressly appointed to be Alone our Advocate, Interceffor, and Judge. The

I. ift, THING to be observed, is the Supposition laid down in the Text; that there is One, and One Only, True God or Supreme Lord of all things; The Lord thy God. One God: That is, One Eternal and Infinite, One Supreme and Independent, One Allpowerful and All-wise, One perfectly Just and Merciful and Good Being. The God who created all things for his Own good pleasure, and on whose Will depends every

Moment the continuance of their Being : By the word of the Lord were the Heavens made, and all the Host of them by the Breath of bis Mouth, Pf. xxxiii. 6. The God by whose Providence every thing is governed, so that without him not a Sparrow falls to the ground, but even the very hairs of our head are all numbred, Matt. X. 29. The God who hath made of one blood, all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the Earth, and bath determined the times beforeappointed, and the bounds of their habitation. Acts xvii. 26. The God who, in times past, particularly manifested himself to our Fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and

the

SER M. the Patriarchs: Who brought the children II.

of Israel out of Egypt, with an high hand and with an out-stretched Arm: Who delivered the Law to Moses : Who, in a Succeffion of Ages, instructed his people from time to time by the Prophets : and who, in these last days, hath Spoken unto us by bis Son. According to That declaration of St Peter; in his discourse to the Jews, Acts iïi. 13. The God of Abraham, and of Ifaac, and of Jacob, the God of our Fathers, bath glorified bis Son Jesus: And That of St Paul, 2 Cor. i. 3. God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of Mercies, and the God of all comfort; and ch. xi. 31. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Chrif, which is Blessed for ever

more.

This Doctrine, of the whole World being under the Government of One God, is the Natural Notion, which the Light of Reason it self has universally implanted in the Minds of Men. And had not persons of vain and conceited Imaginations, profeffing themselves Wise, become Fools : Had not men of corrupt Manners, di siking to retain God in their Knowledge, and having their foolish beart darkned; Deifying the Souls of

their deceased Kings, out of Flattery to the SERM.

II. Living ; filled the minds of the ignorant and deluded Vulgar, with a superstitious Belief of many Gods having Rule over particular Places and Countries; The True Notion of God, so agreeable to the plain and natural Dictates of unprejudiced Reason, might well have been preserved among the Nations of the Earth. For the plain connexion, and dependence of one thing upon another, through the whole material Universe; through all parts of the Earth, and in the visible Heavens: The Disposition of the Air, and Sea, and Winds; The Motions of the Sun, and Moon, and Stars; and the useful Viciffitudes of Seasons, for the regular production of the various Fruits of the Earth; have always been sufficient to make it evidently appear even to mean Capacities, (had they not been perpetually prejudiced by wrong instruction) that all things are under the Direction of One Power, under the Dominion of One God, to whom the whole Universe is uniformly subject. And in fact, notwithstanding the strongest Prejudices of long-established Superstitions and inforced Idolatry, yet the wiseft and Best Men, in All beatben-nations,

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SERM. have ever seen and in good meafure main-
I.I

tained this Great Truth; as a Testimony to
a degenerate and corrupt World, that God
never left himself wholly without Witness,
notwithstanding all the provocations of
Idolaters; but continually manifested him-
self to all reasonable Understandings,
that he did good, and gave us rain from hea-
ven, and fruitful Seafons, filling our hearts
with Food and Gladness. But 'tis with
greater Clearress from all appearance of
Doubt, and with greater Assurance of Au-
thority confirming the Dictate of Reason,
that the Scripture sets forth to us This First
Principle of Religion. Deut. vi. 4. Hear
O Israel, The Lord our God is One Lord;
[ch. iv. 39.) He is God in Heaven above, and
upon the Earth beneath ; there is none elfe.
Again, 1). xliv. 6. I am the First, and I am
the Last, and befides me there is no God;
[-- Is there a God besides me?

yea,

there is no God; I know not any.] And in the New Testament, 1 Cor. viii. 4. We knowthat there is none other God but One: For though there be that are called Gods, whether in Heaven or in Earth (as there be Many Gods;) get to Us there is bwt One God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in Him; and

One

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