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" Humbly representing to his Majesty question, which was seconded by Mr. bur grief and indignation at our late un- Dixon. wise, ill-digested, ill-conducted, and ca- Mr. Griffiths supported the original lamitous expeditions, by which the blood proposition. He was free to acknow and treasure of the realm has been scan- ledge, that, after the experience of the dalously wasted, the character of our last eighteen years, he had but little gallant ariny exposed, and its numbers confidence in the controuling influence reduced by pestilence, famine, and dis- of parliament. When, therefore, the ease, more than by the sword, without citizens of London had a right to exeraccomplishing any national object. cise, and there existed an important
"That while the people have been opportunity for interfering with their suffering under the pressure of accumu- solicitation, he was of opinion, that the lated evils, his Majesty's confidential line of duty was to exert that right advisers, regardless alike of the suffer- promptly, and not to depend upon the ings of the people and of the honour of honesty or the views of any other body, their sovereign, and insensible or indif- however strongly it was proved that such ferent to the dangers and inpending fate an asseinbly ought to act upon similar of the country, have been engaged in motives. Enough had been shewn to the most contemptible squabbles, in- convince the country, that the house of trigues, and cabals, that ever disgraced Commions was not the most active supthe councils of any nation; and as dis porter of the people's rights. Whatever reputable to his Majesty's government, were its faults, he still confided in the as ruinous and dishonourable to the practical attention of the corporation of country.
London to the country's wishes. In That while we forbear to enumerate" doing so, it only fulfilled a duty to a a long trạin of internal grievances, we willing and patriotic people--a people cannot but attribute such a series of whose sacrifices to the wants of the state failures and calamities to the corruptions had reduced a great portion of them to and abuses of the state, and the conse- absolute-want. He made no idle state quent want of a constitutional parlia- ment ; he had in his hund the order of mentary controul over the public expen- the commissioners of the land tar in the diture and the ministers of the crown, city of London, which was on the morwhereby the responsibility of ministers row to be forwarded to their various colappears to exist only in name.
lectors, peremptorily commanding them “Humbly praying, that his' Majesty to leoy a distress upon every person defiwill be graciously pleased to assure his 'cient in war taxes to the amount of ten loyal and affectionate people, that the pounds! To a people so circumstanced, object to wbich their wishes are so and liable to be deprived, before that anxiously directed, is neither to be aban- court met again, of the little covering doned or eluded; and that his Majesty which an inclement season demands, will be pleased to institute a rigid, im- was not something due in the shape of partial, and geperal inquiry into these inquiry for the millions that had been great national misfortunes; into the plans wasted, not alone in unprofitable, but and instructions upon which those ex- disastrous expeditious ? Upon such peditions were undertaken; and into the grounds he would give his support to
conduct and capacity of the commanders the original motion. I to whom they were entrusted. And in Mr. Kemble opposed the motion. Ile
order the more effectually to prosecute warmly panegyrised the present reigu, these inquiries, to beseech his Majesty, declaring, that we hud the very best king without delay,to convene the parliament." that ever was, OR THAT EVER WOULD BE!
The proposed address being read by Ald. Wood was of opinion that no time the Recorder, and seconded,
could be more proper than the present Sir W. Curtis addressed the court at for bringing forward such a motion as some length in opposition to the address, that of his worthy friend on the floor. but severely reprobated the conduct of The expedition to the Scheldt was one the expedition, which he had no doubt of the greatest importance that had ever would be the subject of parliamentarybeen sent from this country; the greatest enquiry, and therefore considering the responsibility was, of course, attached present motion as at present unnecessary, to it. It had totally failed, and nothing he concluded with moving the previous could be more evident than the necessity
ofan inquiry into the cause of such failure
· Ald. Scholey thought, that as parlia- affair of the Ileider, and that of Cintra. ' ment was soon to meet, it would be Ald. Atkins and Price were for the better to wait till it should be seen whe- previous question. ther they would immediately call for an ; After a short but forcible reply from inquiry. For his part, he could have no Mr. Waithmun, the question was loudly doubt but they would do so, and he called for, when the court divided, For would therefore vote for the previous the previous question, 67,--- Against it, question.
68, Majority against the previous ques. Ald. Goodbehere, in an impressive and tion, 1. eloquent speech supported the address. . A second division then took place on After some observations on the line the original motion, on which the numof conduct which the court had pursued bers were, For the original question, 06 at various periods of Mr. Pitt's adminis --Against the original question, 63. tration, and which he had universally All the aldermen present, and a numopposed, he said, he was of opinion that her of coinmon councilmen, were orthe court had now a glorious opportunity dered to prepare the draft of an address of evincing their regard for the consti- accordingly, and having returned with tution, and for the rights and dearest it, the same was read and approved, privileges of the people, by stepping and ordered to be fairly transcribed, forward to express their regret and asto- signed by the town-clerk, and presented nishment at past transactions, and to to his Majesty; and the sheriffs, attenshew to the whole empire, and the ded by the remembrancer, were direcworld at large, that they were feelingly ted to wait upon his Majesty, to know alive to the interests, the honvur, and his royal will and pleasure when the dignity of the country.
court should attend him with the same. Ald. Hunter spoke in favour of the Upon the application of Alderman previous question, on the ground that it Atkins, and several others, a fresh ineetwould be better the inquiry should be ing of the common council was convened called for by parliainenť on its meeting, on the following Wednesday, to reconwhich would be in so short a time. sider the address, and substitute an a- Mr. S. Jucks spoke in favour of the mended one, in which the tone and previous question.
inanner should be more gracious and A member, warmly supported the courtly.--A meeting was accordingly motion of Mr. Waithinan, and avowed holden, and the former address was his opinion, that those who opposed it, withdrawn, and the amended one of founded their opposition upou no other Mr. Atkins acceded to by a inajority of principle than the instruction of minis- 17. The opposite party, however, was ters sent into the city. (Acry of no! no!) determined upon another struggle for (He answered, yes ! yes!) It was noto- the rejected address, and, on Friday, rious there were a set of crimps in the the amended address was canvassed in corporation, employed by ministers to a new assembly of the common council, carry any point they wished; and to and finally agreed to by a majority of trick and swindle the corporation out of 18. The second address altho' there is their common sense and plain under no allusion to Sir A. Wellesley's constanding.
duct, contains however, besides the reMr. Diron called the worthy member quest for inquiry, aniinadversions on the to order, and defied him to naine any disputes in the cabinet. To this the person against whom he could prove such proposers of it were obliged to submit, a charge.
in order to have a chance of success. The member apologised if he was out of order ; but persisted in his opinion, Ald. Coombe supported the address.
COMMON HALL OF LONDON. Ile had no reliance whatever that the On Thursday the 14th. pursuant parliament would bring it forward, unless to a requisition to the Lord Mayor, urged by the general sense of the coun- a common hall of the liverymen of try. There was nothing in their conduct London was convened at Guildhall. upon former occasions of a like nature, ' - The business of the day being to warrant an expectation that they would now institute inquiry ; but on the
. coutrary, that they would stifle and dis- The Lord Mayor came forward. courage inquiry, as they had done in the received by the loudest applauses, VOL. VI.
and stated, that having called the been highly aggravated by the imhall, pursuant to a requisition ad-becility and distraction in the cabidressed to him, he had now only to net, where, it appears bis Majesty's request of the livery present, in the confidential servants have been encourse of 'e day's discussion, to gaged in the most despicable inallow eycry gentleman who should trigues and cabals, endeavouring to offer himself to their notice, a fair deceive and supplant each other, to and patient hearing.
the great neglect of their public duty, The requisition being then read, and the scandal of the government.
Mr. Favell came forward, and af- Resolved, That the most effectual ter apologizing for obtruding him- way of evincing our loyalty to our self on the notice of the livery, said Sovereign, regard for the constituhe was only induced to do so in the 'tion, and promoting the security of absence of the gentleman who usual. the country, is, by a spirit of jealy stood foremost to advocate the. lousy and vigilance over public men, rights of his fellow citizens in that and a free representation of the people assembly (he alluded to Mr. Waith- in parliament, by which alone we can man); but if the livery had not on secure a just and constitutional conthis occasion the advantage of an troul over all public functionaries, opening speech from that gentleman, Resolved Unanimously, That we they had at least the strong fact are of opinion, that in the present which had been the ground of his arduous struggle in which we are exertions in another place (the court engaged, the safety of the British of common council.) After making Empire can alone be preserved by several observations enforcing the wise and honest councils to direct necessity of inquiry, he concluded the public force; "and that such by moving the following resolutions : councils can alone be upheld by the
Resolved Unanimously, That the energies of a free and united people. enormous waste of treasure, and un- . Resolved Unanimously, That such profitable loss of lives, in the late calamitous events imperiously call military enterprizes in which his for a rigid and impartial inquiry; Majesty's forces have been unfortu-' and that an humble address be prenately employed, have excited ming. sented to his Majesty, praying his led feelings of compassion, disap- Majesty to institute such inquiry. pointment, indignation, and alarm, Mr. Jones, in a maiden speech, among all classes of his Majesty's coincided with Mr. Favell's sentisubjects:
ments, and seconded his motion, laResolved, That the whole military menting that during the present adstrength and resources of this king- ministration, not only was the vodom have been drawn forth to an lunteer spirit dwindled almost to extent unparalleled in its history, nothing from an effective force of and have been most improvidently 500,000 men, but our army of the applied, and fatally cunsumed, m line almost annihilated by disaster, unconnected and abortive enterpri- defeat, and disease, in useless expe.. ses, attended with no permanent ad- ditions. vantage to Great Britain, without Mr. Sheriff Atkins now attempted effectual relief to her allies, and dis- to speak, but his voice was drowned tinguishable only by the unprofita- in hooting and hisses. Mr. Waithble valour displayed, and immense man, however, came forward, and sacrifices of blood and treasure. succeeded in obtaining for him a
"Resolved Unanimously, That, du- short but not very patient attention. ring these unprecedented failures and The sheriff solemnly disclaimed calamities, our misfortunes have attachment to any party. His only
object was, that the inquiry should sition of the house of commons to con be asked of his Majesty in terms of troul the conduct or scrutinize the becoming respect.--He particularly measures of ministers, or to follow up objected to the word “ deplorable" inquiry into the misconduct of public as applicable to the state of the men-with any serious. Dirtu to the pucountry.
nishment of their delinquencies. What Mr. Quin pot only gave his hearty was 'the résult in the case of Lord assent to the first resolution now put, Melville, after having been dismissed but to every one of the series which from his Majesty's councils? Why, had been read by the worthy mover; that he was shortly after recalled to and if he had any objection to them, power and confidence, and was now it was that he thought them couch the man who pulled the wires be.. ed in terms not sufficiently strong hind the curtain; and his son and for the occasion. As to the address relatives were loaded with places agreed to be presented to his Majes- and emoluments. Mr. Waithman ty by the common council on the continued to press the necessity of 5th. inst. so far as he could learn its passing the resolutions, and the adcontents, there was not a single dress to be founded thereon, and word in it unbecoming the respect voted for the motion.. due to the Sovereign. His Majesty The Resolutions were then put had appointed to the sheriffs a dis- successively, and carried, with the
tant day for its reception ; but, be- opposition of one, two, or three 'fore that day arrived, an interlude hands to some of them. took place, in which that address Mr. Favell again came forward, was superseded, and another passed and moved an humble address to his in its place. In what a ridiculous Majesty, embodying the substance predicament did this piece of incon- of the resolutions. sistency place both the sheriffs, who It was carried nem. con. 'and ormust now go again to wait on his dered to be signed in the usual form, Majesty, apologise for not present and presented to his Majesty by the ing the address, and request the ap- lord mayor and sheriffs. pointment of a new day for present- ' Mr. Waithman came forward, and ing another!
declared that the address now read Mr. Waithman, with his usual abi- was precisely the same with that voted lity, supported the motion of Mr. in the common council on the 5th. inst. Favell., He professed that he had altered only by the introductory little or no reliance on any disposin words of “We, the Lord Mayor, tion of the present majority in par- Sheriffs, and Livery of London, in liament towards inquiry, or the ex- Common Hall, &c.” ercise of any controul over ministers, Mr, S. Dixon, on the address beunless stimulated to it by the desire ing read,, attempted to speak, but of his Majesty, supported by the .was hooted down. petitions of his people. It was not Mr. Sheriff Wood then came forfor him to say the political opinions ward in support of the address. The of the last speaker but one were moment he presented himself the hall wrong; he only knew they were al- rung with shouts of applause. He ways opposed to his own. But he said, “ Gentlemen, I come to assure could not account for the strange in you that I will do my duty; the tellects of any man, who, with so many duty, gentlemen, to which I more glaring facts before his eyes, could particularly allude is, that of seeing say he did not think the situation of your wishes with respect to the pethis country deplorable, and that uny tition to his Majesty carried into geliance was to be placed in the dispo- full effect. · Gentlemen, I shall solicit for an audience to present that his duty; that whatever his opinion petition to his Majesty. I shall, of the address or the occasion of it with all correctness to obey your might be, he would discharge his will, and all anxiety to behave with duty by presenting that address, and the most dutiful respect to our King, if it was necessary, insisting upon beg an audience; but if I am refu- the right of presenting it. sed I will DEMAND One; and then Mr. Favell then moved the thanks those bad advisers of the King will of the livery to the Lord Mayor, for be compelled to vield to me as a the readines with which he complied right, what they denied me as a with their requisition, and the firmconcession. Gentlemen, the hum- ness and impartiality with which he blest may with upright intentions acted in the chair and in support endeavour to do their duty, and the of the address in the common coungreatest can do no more than dis- cil.—Passed Unanimously. charge their's. Lmay be resisted in The Lord Mayor thanked the li my efforts to obey your will, but very for the honour of their approwhile I fill the office I now hold, I bation, and said he should always shall always bear in mind who they be ready to comply with their rewere who invested me with that of- quisitions. ! fice, and for what purpose I was so 'The thanks of the assembly were invested. Gentlemen, Mr. Beckford then voted to Mr. Waithman, and to was, we know, denied access to his Aldermen Sir W. Plomer, Coombe, Majesty by the household lords that Smith, Goodbehere, and Wood; also Hocked about the throne, and tried to Messrs. Farell and Jones, the moto keep from the monarch's ear the ver and seconder, sentiments of his faithful people; but you all remember how ineffec- COMMON COUNCIL ADDRESS. tual such efforts proved, when op. To the King's Most Excellent Majesty, posed by the undismayed integrity
- The humble, Loyal, and Dutiful of one honest man! Gentlemen, I
Address and Petition of the Lord shall trespass no longer upon your
Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of
the City of London, in Common Counattention than by again assuring cil assembled. you that upon this occasion, and MOST GRACIOUS SOVEREIGN, every other, I shall do my duty. I We your Majesty's most faithful, loyam your officer, and think myself al, and dutiful subjects, the Lord Mayor, as such bound to obey your com.'
Aldermen, and Commons, of the city mands. Gentlemen, I conclude with
of London, in common council assem
bled, most humbly approach your Ma. assuring you that I shall to the ut- jesty's sacred person, in the perfect asmost of my power support your rights surance that your Majesty will gracious-. and privileges--I never will oppose, ly condescend to receive the suggestions them, I never will do that which of your faithful and loyal citizens, on càn possibly lessen them, and if I. subjects which seriously and deeply atcould, it would be the proudest wish
fect their interests, in common with the of my heart to add to them. This
rest of your Majesty's people.
mis We have witnessed with deep regret speech was followed by great ap- the disastrous failure of the late expediplause.
tion, as the magnitude of its equipment Mr. Sheriff Atkins next appeared. had raised the just hopes and expectaA considerable time elapsed before tions of the country to some permanent the popular clamour subsided, while beneut: Mr. Waithman and other gentlemen
And we cannot avoid expressing to
your Maiestý, the sorrow and indignation endeavoured to obtain for him the
with which we are affected by the una privilege of being acard. The She happy dissensions that have prevailed Fiff tou said, that he also would do among your Majesty's ņinisters and