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The British Jubilee.-A Sermon den and Non-Resistance are the duties of
livered in the parish-church of St. subjects under all monarchical governJames, and at the Mayor's Chapel, ments. These positions have long in Bristol, on Oct. 25, 1809. when since been sufficiently refuted, and His Most Gracious Majesty,George were indeed consigned to oblivion at III. entered on the 50th, year of the glorious Revolution; and, not. his reign. By the Rev. Tho. T. withstanding the corruption and deBiddulph, A. M. Minister of the generacy of the times, mankind in said Parish, and Chaplain to the general, and Britons in particular, Rt. Hon. the Dowager Lady Bagot. are not so debased as to assent to p.41, 28.!!
political doctrines, as irrational, un- To this discourse is prefixed the constitutional, and unscriptural, as following dedication.
they are detestable. It cannot ex“ To the churchwardens, vestrymen, cite surprise that a preacher enand the other loyal inhabitants of the tertaining sucb sentiments, should parish of St. James, the following hum- discover his enmity against the wilble token of respect for THE BEST OF
ter who, perhaps, most of all writers, KINGS and THE BEST OF GOVERNMENTS, is respectfully inscribed, as a successfully combated them, the memorial of their sentiments and bis illustrious LOCKE-a man who alown, by their obliged and obedient ser- though reviled by the preacher, on vant,-The Author.”
account of both his political and reThe text of this sermon is 2 Chron. ligious opinions, was very far his suix. 8. containing the just encomium perior both in talents and integrity.* of the Queen of Sheba on the government of the wisest of earthly princes, * As a specimen of Mr. Biddulph's ina SOLOMON; and whose wisdom was tegrity as an author, we beg leave to reremarkably displayed by the PEACE- fer to his “ Letter to the Rev.John Hey" ABLE SYSTEM which constituted the late of Bristol) in which, mentioning glorious characteristic of his reign! the late Mr. Towgood's unanswerable Such is the “ eulogistic address"
* work--A Dissent from the Church of
England fully justified, 80.--Mr. B. which the preacher has selected, as without quoting a single sentence, passes the most suitable text for a jubilee the following censure. -« Towgood's leta sermon, on the entrance of his most “ ters are interspersed with the most azia gracious Majesty, George III. on "ful Sociniun sentiments."-An asserthe 50th. year of his reign,
tion, the offspring of either consummate The ipreacher dismisses his text ignorance or wilful falsehood! Mr. B. almost as soon as he has taken it,
very well knew that he could not pro
te duce a single Socinian sentiment from and indeed after reading the sermon the work in question, and that Mr. Towwe commend his policy in so doing; good, although he did not, like Mr. B. for many of his opinions on religion, damn every one who did not keep the and most of his opinions on politics, Athanasian faith, whole and undefiled, are as contrary to the maxims of (thus dooming tu eternal torments such SOLOMON, and the gospel of CHRIST,
men as Tillotson, Burnet, Watts, and
?, Doddridge) was an opposer of Socinianas falsehood is to truth, and dark-' is
ism. The reader may naturally enquire ness to light.
-What could induce Mr. B. to publish Having done with his text, and so palpable an untruth? The reason is indeed with his bible, the preacher obvious. Conscious that he could not presents us with his sentiments on answer Mr. Towgood's arguments, and the subject of civil government in fearing lest his people should read, exa:
mine, and judge for themselves, he general, and which may be com
branded the author with a name which prised in one or two short sentences
he well knew would, with the generality All governments are divine, and all of his flock, operate as a charm to preare to be obeyed-Passive obediençe vent them from a perusal of the
But let this “ mousing owl hawk at troductory sermon: — 1 Sam. vii, the eagle” without interruption! His 6--18. or-Hosea xii, 11. . puny efforts are harmless.
After these general remarks on the In a note on this part of the sub- divine origin of kingly governments, ject we are presented with the fol- the preacher proceeds with great inlowing curious quotation from a wri- consistency to panegyrise the pecuter of the name of Whitaker.
liar excellencies of the British go“ Government then is all Divine, Di- vernment--a government in its origin vine in its origin, Divine in its energies, founded on the will and the soveand claiming obedience from the con- reignty of the people! It is, however, science of man in the name of its divine establisher. Nor let us hesitate in a
impossible for an admirer of the doca petty scrupulosity of spirit about the tripe of indefeasible right, and a supmode of government instituted by God; porter of those corruptions and abuses, and suppose that, though government in which, if unreforined, must termia the abstract was appointed by God, yet nate in the ruin of the British congoverninent in the concrete, government stitution, to be its sincere friend, in any one form, was not appointed by Mr. B. has quoted Montesquieu on him.' No government can be appointed
the excellence of our genuine constiin the abstract. Even God himself has
stitution ; but he forgot to quote the not power to do this. Omnipotence itself must be baffled, if it should exercise prediction of the illustrious foreignits power for the production of a non- er, that this constitution will one entity. All government appointed must day perish, in consequence of the be exbibited in a reality, substantiated corruption of the representative into a form. Such a regimen God esta
branch! An awful prediction, the blished upon the earth, in the personal
fulfilment of which we earnestly rule of Adam over Eve, in the personal authority of Adam primarily, and of Eve pray it may never be our doom to secondarily, over the children of both witness! MONARCHY therefore is the primary, the Mr. B. proceeds to consider “ the natural, the Divine form of government sa propriety of observing the jubilee," for man. All history accordingly re- which his " truly apostolic church," cords it to have been the original form. hos me,
has “ so wisely and piously" reNor was that deviation from it, that illegitimate and spurious mode of polity,
quired her members to celebrate. So a COMMON-WEALTH, ever obtruded on
great is the blessing granted, that the world till a late æra; till man began of our sovereign entering on the to bewilder himself in the mazes of his 50th, year of his reign, that the own imagination about government, and preacher breaks out on the occasion wildly fancy he could improve upon the in the following rapturous strains. very models of God himself.”
" On this blessed day the jubileeWhat a pity the preacher does not to
trumpet sounds throughout our land. It cross the Atlantic, and try to persuade proclaims an instance of divine goodness the people of America to overturn their which has rarely been youchsafed to any " spurious mode of polity-a com nation, and which is but twice recorded * mon-wealth," and adopt that only in the annals of our own national hisdivine form of government-A Mo
tory. Did I say rarely vouchsafed to
6 any nation!'-Did I adunit that a siminarchy! Should he ever be inclined
lar instance has been twice recorded in to make the attempt, we recommend
'the annals of our own national history? to him the following text for his in- I retract what I have said. For when
(I may ask) has any similar blessing, ters". Mr. Locke of whose religious taking it in all its circumstances, ever and political 'principles Mr. B. speaks been vouchsafed? I may deny that any with contempt, would have had his right such instance, parallel in the extent of hand cut off sooner than have been guil- benefit, has ever been recorded! We have · ty of a trick so unbecoming the sincere been indulged for nearly half a century Christian, and the honest map! . with the paternal government of a mild,
upright, and conscientions monarch, who responsible to his subjects for his con-hes defended the faith of our church from duct! The preacher knows indeed infringement, and has sanctioned her
he is pretty safe in expressing his services by a constant personal attendance--who has carefully avoided the
opinion of the acts of the sovereign. slightest violation of our civil and reli- Men of his sentiments, in all coungious liberties, and who has made the tries, are sure to panegyrise the happiness of his subjects the scope of reigning prince as the best of kings, bis administration-who has restrained and all his acts as the best of acts. immorality, the true source of national He assures us on the present occaand individual misery, by his laws; and sion " that there can be but one senwho has enforced and encouraged religion and virtue, the true fountain of na
"timent concerning the firm and i tional, domestic, and individual prospe- “ drgnified conduct of his Majesty” rity, by his own bright example--who in refusing to accede to the wishes (I add) has firmly maintained the sanc- of the Irish nation in extending the tity of his coronation-oath by a vigorous blessings of Toleration. Standing on opposition to the spirit of religious per- constitutional ground, we must beg. secution on the one hand, and to the
leave to express our firm“ opinion," spirit of dangerous innovation on the other.
that more unhappy advice could not « Whatever differences may have agi- have been given to the sovereign, tated the public mind on the subject of than that by which he was induced the measure which has been improperly to refuse to the catholics what had styled the catholic emancipation, surely been so frequently, and solemnly there can be but one sentiment concerning the firm and dignified conduct with which bis Majesty maintained what ap
sters, and more particularly by Mr. peared to his mind to be his duty on
Biddulph's idol, Mr. Pitt, and to that occasion, and the prudence and
protestant dissenters what their convigilance with which, unnided by any ad- stitutional and loyal conduct have visers, he resisted the attempt to intro- long given them a right to claim dace an innovation which he could not An equality of privileges in civil soapprove."
ciety with their fellow citizens. Leaving these sublime effusions to One more rapturous strain will, the admiration of all true, orthodox,' we trust, fully satisfy even the most
apostolic” churchmen, we cannot flattering of the flatterers. but remark, what an admirable proof“For the blessings of the best constithe preacher here gives of his regard tution in the world, and those of the true, to the principles of the British consti- religion, purged from long existing error, 'tution! It is an axiom “ that the
both of which cost our forefathers toil
and sweat and blood, are, ours freely " king can do no wrong ;' not that and richly to enjoy.--Did the jubileethe sovereign is incapable of doing trumpet announce liberty to the captive wrong, but that the constitution has Israelite, and legal security in the posexempted him from responsibility, session of his inheritance to the impovethat it may the more effectually fasten rished inhabitant of Palestine? Behold, responsibility on his advisers: but the trumpet this day announces that liMr. B. informs us, that in an impor
berty IN ALL HER GLORY exists on En
glish shores, and that the poorest among tant act, involving in it the welfare Bri
Britons is secure in the possession of life of the whole people of Ireland, his and property. I might almost venture Majesty is to be considered as “ un- to ask,-Where, in the WHOLE WORLD, * aided by any advisers." This abo- is liberty to be found, but under the shaminable doctrine, adopted as a prin- dow of the British throne ?” ciple of government, would indeed But the preacher is not content witka tend to the total overthrow of the offering up these strains of disgusta constitution. If the King has no ing adulation to the sovereign only: advisers, then he must be personally the general measures of bis coux E.
sellors are characterised in language tensive, must fall. But our God hath still more extravagant. The follow- cared for us. He hath proved himself
neo-noise review to be a wall of fire round about us, and ing passage contains a concise review
the glory in the midst of us. He hath, of the wars in which the nation has
S amidst all the perplexities and anxieties been engaged for the past forty years, of our beloved' king, preserved him to and more particularly of those of guide the helin of the state, and we trust which WILLIAM Pitt was the au- that he will yet live to conduct it into thor and supporter.
the haven of peace. "A consideration of those severe
* I cannot here forbear to notice that mental exercises with which the bosom signal instance of divine goodness, sbew of our monarch must have been agitated, to our king and to his people, in the especially during the latter part of his production of such a man as was the reign, will render its protraction to so late Right Honourable William Pitt; great a length still more extraordinary, a man raised up for special service at a in the view of every one who is experi- time when no common means seemed to mentally acquainted with the injurious promise success in opposing the enemies effects of deep anxiety and distress. of God and his church,--the enemies of That anxiety and distress have been the liberty and order,--the enemies of huassociates of our monarch's soul, who man happiness. Surely while this illuscan doubt that reviews the events which trious man is intitled to the grateful rew have been passing on the maddened collection of his country, God who theatre of the world? Has the uncrown- raised him up is intitled to our grateful ed patriot felt,and felt severely? Did adoration." one, the chief of the loyal train, exclaim We shall not trust ourselves to in his dying moments, Oh my country?' ---How excruciating must have been the
express the horror we feel on reading emotions of one, who, from the eleva- a passage, in which truth, and the tion of a throne, has surveyed the storm God of truth, are set so completelywhich has raged around him, and the at defiance! When we reflect that billows which have foamed at its foot- this country was the aggressor in the stool. I touch not on his domestic last war; that we madly and undecauses of disquietude: I refer to that torrent of anarchy, which agitated by
cessarily rushed into that war under French influence, first caused the dis
the pretence of assisting Holland, memberment of the British empire by which at the very time deprecated the loss of its trans-atlantic colonies; our assistance; that we were the and which after a while, lashed into re- first to invade France, and to devassistless fury on the continent of Europe, tate the country with fire and sword; has produced effects which have made that after a long bloody an
that after a long, bloody, and obstievery ear that has heard of them to tin
nate perseverance in the pursuit of gle. A war THE MOST JUST AND NECESSARY THAT PERHAPS WAS EVER WAGED!
objects marked by folly and injusa war in which a great and mighty na
tice, we were at length compelled tion, nay, in which the whole continent to make peace, by giving up every of Europe has been opposed to us--has object the obtaining of which we for nearly twenty years together (with had so repeatedly declared to be just the exception of one short interval of
and necessary :-when we reflect, only a few months continuance) .de
that, after a short interval of peace, 1 manded all our national energies, and åt times produced alarm respecting our
Britain was again the aggressor, by national safety. We are contending pro renewing the war under the false aris et focis,- for all that is justly dear pretence (acknowledged to be false to us as men, us Englishmen, und as even by the supporters of that war) Christians! In the midst of this unpre- of the vast armaments of the enemy; cedented contest, a spirit of intestine in
and that ministers perfidiously broke subordination arose among us ;----a spirit more threatening to our satety than all
the treaty they had so recenily ratithe efforts of the world united in arms
fied ;-when we consider the proagainst us; for a house divided against gress of the war, the sacrifices we itself, if the division bę sufficiently exa have made, our present awful state, and that at this very moment, so or constitutional authority, escaped far from " contending for every thing with his life only. But surely, une “ dear to us as men, as Englishmen, less the mind and conscience of the " and as christians," no one can say preacher had been stupified and dewhat is the object we are now con- filed, he could not, whilst preaching tending for :- When we find the the sermon before us, have dared to preacher so lost to all sense of de- allude to the “ retributive justice of cency, as to panegyrise an arbitrary God, as wonderfully exemplified and minister, a man who set at defiance illustrated by the French revolution!" the laws both of God and his country, Men ought to be very cautious how an apostate from every good princi- they talk of “ retributive justice" in ple he had professed, a Bachanalian, the case of individuals, since nothing Sabbath-breaking duellist-a states- is more common in this world, than man whose frantic measures involved the depression of the righteous, and in ruin almost all the sovereigns of the exaltation of the wicked. But Europe, and hurried his own coun- what a reflection has the preacher try to the brink of destruction : here cast on almost every sovereign
Seriously reflecting on the awful on the continent! Does he consider events of the past twenty years, we “the retributive justice of God, as cannot but express our astonishment wonderfully exemplified and illusand indignation, that a christian mi- trated” by the hurling of these sovenister, professing evangelical princi- reigns from their thrones!-After all, ples, should discover such weakness we firmly believe in divine “retribuand depravity as to panegyrise a sys- tive justice” as it respects guilty natem the most profligate and ruinous tions; and history, sacred and prothat ever disgraced a civilized nation! fane, proclaims in every page, that
After panegyrising one of the worst such * retributive justice," though of men, it is perfectly natural that sometimes slow, is always sure! the preacher should proceed to slan. And this reflection ought to have der one of the best. The following restrained our jubilee preachers from observations relate to one of the most flattering the sovereign and the 'nadistinguished characters in the pure tion at a crisis so awful. A glance and early part of the French revolü- at national enormities long practised, tion.
on the coast of Africa, in the West 66 The retributive justice of God has Indies, in the East Indies, in Irebeen wonderfully exemplified and illus
land, and off Copenhagen,—and at trated by the French revolution. It is remarkable, among many other striking
the oceans of blood with which Eucircumstances, that the very man who
rope has been overwhelmed in conwas sent by the government of France sequence of the wars promoted and to foment the troubles in America, was, cherished by this country, suggests subsequently, the traytor who imprison- the utmost reason to fear "some ed his king.”
chosen curse, some hidden thunder We know not to whom these re- in the stores of heaven," ready to marks can apply, except to that yir- blast a country so guilty! We may tuous patriot the Marquis de la flatter' ourselves because we no lonFayette, who volunteered his services ger persist in one of the crimes alto assist the Americans, but who, luded to ; but when we reflect how so far from meriting the opprobrious long the nation persevered in it with epithet of “ traitor," or the charge its eyes open, (owing in part, to the of imprisoning “ his kiny," preserved hypocrisy of one of the lukewarm his loyalty to the last, and because friends to its abolition, WILLIAM he would not be instrumental in de- Pitr) that the blood of thousands priving his sovereign of his liberty, and tens, of thousands of the mura