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had furnished provisions and other increasing on all sides, and the very, necessaries for the army could not heart of the country was threatened be paid, nor means be found to pro- with a hostile invasion vide for the arrears of the army. " In this state of things the Fourteen millions of rit dollars in troops stationed on the western fronbank specic (about 3,000,000). stér- tiers, impressed with a lively sense ling) had been wasted in the disasof their duty to their native country, trous campaign of 1808: about five were advancing forward to the camillions and a half of that sum were pital. His Majesty, as soon as he foreign money, the rest was wrung became acquainted with that meafroin the country! In this calami- sure, resolving to leave Stockholm, tous situation, the committee of fi- gave notice to the royal family, and nance, appointed at the end of 1808, ordered the principal officers of the to devise the most expedient means state to follow him. The strongest of relieving the public wants, report remonstrances against the execution ted to his royal highness at full of this unfortunate plan were made, length, the absolute impossibility of but without effect, and necessity raising the sum required for the year pointed out the only means left to 1809, without the utter destruction save the state, and provide even fot of the country. "That sum amounted the safety of his Majesty's person. to 26 millions of rix dollars, in bank “ His royal highness was called specie.-The committee represented upon to take the reins of government, in vain to his Majesty, that this and notwithstanding his advanced sum far excdeded 'the circulating age, he obeyed the call.” capital of the kingdom, and made [The act of abdication of the late King at least 23 per cent. of the aggre- of Sweden was inserted in our last Vol. gate property of the whole country P• 435.] ? in money, goods, and estates of Stockholm, June 6.-The states every description ; in short, that it of the realm having sanctioned, by was next to impossible to procure their approbation, the plan of the that enormous sum. The commit- new constitution, framed by the comtec was ordered within 24 hours to mittee in the sitting of the oth inst. present a plan for raising the money. it was at the same time resolved to

“ In the mean time, negociations entreat of his royal highness the Duke with England were set on foot to Regent, not only his ratification of increase the subsidies; the English the new constitution, but also his government declared in the course acceptance of the Swedish crown. of these negociations, that the sub- The states having accordingly sidies could not be augmented be- met on the 6th, in the great Counyond the - stipulated sum, but that cil-hall, and the Duke Regent beit had no objection against Sweden ing present, the marshal of the realm making a separate peace, provided addressed him in an appropriate it could be procured on terms which speech, expressing the above resoluwere not evidently directed against tion and sentiments of the states ; the interests of Great Britain. In- to which he returned a short answer, telligence having been received of declaring not only his approbation this declaration, a general embargo of the new constitution, but also was laid on all English shipping in his acceptance of the Swedish crown. Swedish ports; yet fortunately rai- The same day, the new King is, sed upon the strongest recommenda- sued the following. tion made fron all quarters, almost

PROCLAMATION. ás soon as imposed.

We, Charles XIII. by the grace “ Dangers were now, dreadfully of God, King of Sweden, &c, to

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all, our faithful subjects, &c. &c. proach of which is announced by greeting :

our advanced age, which shall put When, under divine Providence, an end to our worldly cares, we We assumed some time ago the pro- will hail our last moments with the visional government of our beloved pious resignation of the just, and native country, committed to us by close it by blessing you all, . the states of the realm, we imme

CHARLES. diately called the attention of the . . Gust. LAYDSJELKE, diet to the inrlispensable and impor- Council Hall, Aulic Chancellor. tant task of framing a new constitu- Stockholm Castle, June 6, 1809. tion, calculated to promote the pros- Stockholm, June 9.-On the 5th perity, tranquillity, and welfare of the Duke of Sudermania was chosen the country, by an irrevocable union King; on the 7th he was proclaimbetween the mutual rights and du- ed; and on the day following a grand ties of the King and people of Swe- procession was to have taken place, den. The states having informed but the rain prevented it; the next us, that they have not only perfor- -day, however, it was performed. med the important task committed The streets were lined by the troops, to them by us, and the confidence His Majesty, Charles XIII. rode of their fellow-subjects, but also through the ranks on horseback, that they have chosen me King of amidst acclamations from all ranks Sweden, and of the Goths and 'of people. Wends, requesting our approbation of that choice, the cordial and loyal The following official papers have manner in which that election was been communicated to the diet by made, did not allow us to decline his royal highness the Duke Regent: its acceptance. Relying on the om- Copy of a note from Count Romanzoff nipotent, who explores the inmost to Baron Schwerin, April 21, 1809. recesses of the human heart, and The undersigned minister for foknows the sincerity and purity of reign affairs having reported to his our sentiments; moved by the most Majesty the Emperor, his master, fervent love and zeal for our native the conversation which he had with land, which can only cease with Baron Schwerin, master of the horse, our existence; and trusting we shall and grand master of the ceremonies be most powerfully supported by of the order of Sweden, has received the loyal attachment of the noble his Majesty's command to declare to Swedish nation, we have therefore him in answer, that his Imperial accepted the crown and sceptre of Majesty is animated by the most Sweden. It is far more gratifying lively desire to conclude a speedy to our feelings to have been called peace with Sweden. The interrupupon by the free and uncontrouled tions of the military operations at a voice of thč people to become their moment when the success attained, King, their protector, and defender, afforded the most flattering hopes of than if we had ascended the ancient gaining still greater advantages, canSwedish throne, merely by right of not but prove it in the most unhereditary succession. We shall go- questionable manner; but his Maverri the kingdom and people of jesty feels extremely concerned to Sweden, as an indulgent parent does discern very clearly that the Swedish his children, with implicit confi- goverriment is not influenced by the dence in the honest forbearance to- same desire, but merely endeavours wards those who err, and liberality, to protract matters, and thus to rewith uprightness towards all; and move the salutary work of peace to when the day arrives, the near ap- & still greater distance. His Ma

jesty has also strong reasons, from relations of Sweder with England, all the intelligence he receives from if it be true that the change which Sweden, to entertain a just distrust has taken place in Sweden, has no with regard to the situation of the other object than to save the state, actual government of Sweden. All and rescue it from the calamities to these considerations impose on him which it was exposed by the false the painful obligation to refuse the political system hitherto pursued, proposed armistice, and to continue what can Sweden do better than hostilities until the period when a change it at once ? An armistice lawful government in Sweden shall has appeared inadmissible to his acquaint him, that it is sincerely Majesty, and the note which I have and firmly determined to conclude presented to - Baron Schwerin, and peace on the sole conditions which of which I annex a copy, contains his Imperial Majesty can accept, the Emperor's opinion on this suband which are already known to ject. I have the honour to be, &c. Sweden. This resolution of his Ma

ROMANZOFF. jesty is not by any means dictated by a desire to make new acquisi- Petersburgh, May 15.--After so tions, and he declares himself ready many successes of the Russian arms to restore all that shall have been in Sweden, it was natural to expect occupied by his troops on the other a sudden change to peace. The res side of Kalix,

ports circulated of negociations, reThe undersigned avails himself of present that event as very probable; this opportunity, &c. &c.

but the recent occurrences at Stock

ROMANZOFF. holm haye placed an important obCopy of a letter from Count Roman- stacle in their way. At the same

Zoff to Baron Lagerbjelke, St. time, when the hopes of peace, in Petersburgh, April 22.

consequence of the exhausted miliSIR,-Baron Schwerin has deli- tary means of Sweden, and the de vered to me the letter which you cisive movements of our troops have done me the honour to write seemed likely soon to be realised, to me, dated Stockholm, April 6, a revolution took place in that king(new style) by which you have been dom. The King was removed from pleased to acquaint me that the re- his government, and his unele, the signation of Baron Ehrenheim ha- Duke of Sudermania, declared himving been accepted, the department self regent of that kingdom. An of foreign affairs is entrusted to you. assembly of the states was appoinI anticipate the pleasure which this ted for the 1st of May, and in the appointment will one day procure mean time the troops, which 'comme to entertain with you, through posed the Norwegian army, apthe restoration of peace, relations proached Stockholm by their own beneficial for both states, and which authority, and in part entered that I shall resume with the greatest sa- capital. The pretext assigned for tisfaction.


all these movements was, the gene-, The Emperor, my master, is sin- ral discontent at a system which cerely desirous of peace, influenced had involved the kingdom in a war, both by the feelings of his heart, disproportionate to its strength. One and his sentiments towards the king of the first acts of the government dom of Sweden. He has already was to make proposals to Russia declared, that restricting himself to for negociations for peace, in the the preservation of what he has ac- mean time soliciting an armistice quired by the fate of arms, he does for an indeterminate time. Neither not desire any more; and as to the of these propositions could be assen.

ted to. It was impossible to treat been anxious to discharge obligations for peace with a government which once incurred.

The articles which imposed upon Ausaccording to all accounts, had not .. yet acquired sufficient stability, and

tria severe sacrifices, and painful renun

ciations, were executed without reserve was still under the influence of the or limitation; while those which were military power, which had thrown inserted for the alleviation of Austria off its obedience,

were either not at all carried into effect, In like manner no armistice could or only after arbitrary and disadvantabe granted : for to restrain the Rus, geous alterations ; or at the close of fasian army in their victorious career,

tiguing negociations; and, in part only, ting

at the expence of new sacrifices. and successful progress, without a

Scarcely one of the conditions of this firm and definite expectation of treaty, which affected the interests of peace, and without principles which the Emperor's court, his princes, or his might, with certainty, be reļied on, subjects, was fulfilled to the full extent, would have been a proceeding which, within the period prescribed, and to the only advantageous to the new go re

Neither his imperial highness the vernment ad interim, would have

Archduke, then elector of Saltzburg, been entitely repugnant to the true nor his imperial highness the Grand abject of peace, and the restora. Master of the German Order obtained tion of a stable order of things in the full enjoyment of the possessions or Sweden.

revenues assigned them. In consequence of these conside His royal highness the Archduke, then rations, orders were given to the Landgrave of Breisgau, was, according

me to the express terms of the treaty, to troops to prosecute their functions

receive an indemnity of the full value of with vigour; and to the two-fold the lands and revenues he had lost. proposals for peace, and an armis: Every attempt to realise this precise tice, an answer was returned briefly, engagement, in any way, remained withof the following tenor im

out effect. It even appeared, in the Russia is willing to make peace, course of frequently renewed negociabut can only negociate with the len tions, that the French cabinet had at no

time the intention of compensating his gal government, the principal basis

royal highness even in part; and the of a peace must be

ministers of his Imperial Majesty were 1. The possession of Finland, be forced more than once, to endure the ing a country not only subjected by mortification of seeing the just demands arms, but by political and civil re- of the princes of the inperial house, lations, already irrevocably united treated as objects which merited no seto the Russian empire.

rious consideration.

A like fate was reserved for every 2. The exclusion of the English

complaint which was made concerning from all the Swedish ports in the

the violated interests of his Majesty's Baltic.

subjects or revenues. From the day of the exchange of the articles of peace,

no further contributions were to be raised, AUSTRIA.

and all arrears of military requisitions

were to be discharged by the payment of AUSTRIAN MANIFESTO.

40,000,000 of francs. The payment was Though the Presburg treaty of peace made, but the hoped-for alleviation did bore, in all its essential articles, the not take

not take place. On the one hand new stamp of those unhappy circumstances and oppressive requisitions for the supwhich imposed upon his Imperial Ma- port of the French arıny was made, bex jesty the duty of rendering every other cause the French magazines were sudconsideration subordinate to the momen

denly found empty which had been late tary necessities of his monarchy, yet in ly richly no

ly richly filled at the expence of the the execution of this treaty the severe

country. On the other hand, a number conscientiousness was not to be mis

mie of valuable objects, the undoubted protaken, with which his Majesty has ever perty of his Majesty, lying in various of

which has

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