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and the French on the stocks, to
armies advancing gether with naval
upon them, they stores to the ac
were obliged to mount of 20,000
retreat to the tons.
coast, and finally « That which is morally wrong, can
re-embarked at not be politically right." - FOX.
Corunna, where * Expedition to Sweden.
their gallant com- When sent - May | Failed. Gustavus
mander fell; one1808. | put Sir J. Moore
third of his army Commander-Sir J. under arrest; he
having perished · Moore escaped with dif
by famine and the -Force 14,000 men ficulty; and his
I sword.' Object - To aid! army, after re- Further Expedition to Portugal, Sweden against maining on board
and Spain. Russia.
the transports se- When sent - April | Failed. Sir Arthur veral weeks, re- 1809
having penetraI turned to Britain. Commander-Sir A. ted to Talavera, First Expedition to Spain. Wellesley
obtained a proWhen sent — July The Junta of Galli- Foree--80,000 men blematical victo 1808.
(the number ask ry over Joseph Commander-SirA. proffered assis ed by Sir Ar Bonaparte; but Wellesley
tance, asserting thur to drive the being ill-supportForce-10,000 men that they wanted French out of the ed by the Spa Object --- To assist i not men, but me Peninsula). nish arinies, and Spain.
rely arms, ammu- Object - The deli reduced to great nition, and mo- verance of Spain. extremities for ney. Advised Sir ..
want of provisiA. to proceed to
ons, owing to the Portugal.
apathy of the junFirst E.rpedition to Portugal. .
ta, and the want When sent - Aug. | Failed. The cam
of cordiality in 1808 paign which pro
the people, was Commander Sir A, duced the victory
obliged to retreat, Wellesley; super of Vimiera, was
and has arrived seded by Sir H. terminated by the
on the frontier of Burrard ! super-! memorable con
Portugal, his arseded by Sir Hew vention ofCintra.
my greatly reduDalrymple! The French ariny
ced in numbers, Force--17,000 men was sent home in
some accounts Object-- Expulsion safety, and the
say to 12,000. of the Frenchfrom principal part of Erpedition to Ischia and Procida. the Peninsula. the British army When sent - June, Failed. Took poswas sent to Spain. 1809,
session of the is The remnant of Commander—Sir J. lands, which be our forces subse- Stuart
afterwards abanquently quitted Force-18,000 men doned, without Portugal on the Object--Diversion having detained advance of the in favour of Aus or withdrawn any French. tria.
part of the French Second Expedition to Spain.
force from the When seilt - Nov. Failed. The British
Danube. . 1808
army advanced Third Expedition to Holland. Commander-Sir J. from the coast When sent Aug. | Failed. The expediMoore into the interior 1809
tion was not disForce-28,000 men of Spain, but find- Commander - Earl patched till the · Object--- Expulsion! ing themselves Chatham
artistice of the of the Frenchal unsupported by Force, 100,000rpen,
12th July had terfrona Spain. the á Universal 42 men of war,
minated the core Spanish nation," 156 armed ships, test betwixt Ads
besides trans-, tria and France. Ditto ... ..... 5,000,000 ports.
-Returned with Ditto . . . . . . . 6,000,000 Object - Diversion 10,000 sick,within favour of Aus ont attempting
. 33,000,000 tria, and the de any operation astruction of the gainst the fleet at Issued pursuant to Addresses enemy's fleet at Antwerp.Obtain of the House of Commons 22,166 Antwerp
ed possession of Sierra Leone Civil Estab... 17,360 Walcheren and Upper Canada ..... 8,430 Beverland, the New Brunswick . . . . . 5,500 latter of which Nova Scotia ...... 10,105 places has since St. John . . . . . . .
3,060 been abandoned: Cape Breton . . .
2,060 and at length, af- Newfoundland .i. . . ..
1,985 ter many thou- Bahama Islands,
3,700 sands have pe Bermuda
1,030 rished by disease, Dominica .......
600 the remainderare New South Wales . . . . 15,134 ordered honie! African Forts . . . . . 23,000 Thus have hun-' dreds of thou
144,164 sands of lives, and hundreds of Military College . . . : . 16,975 millions of mo- Do. Asyluin . . . . . . 23,350 ney been prodi- Paying off certain Annuities of gally lavished ; the 37th and 42d Geo. II. and although our Paying off do. . . . . . 13,215 naval operations Distressed Laity. and Clergy of have in general France . . . . . . 160,382 succeeded, they have answered no
261,872 other end than to prolong those Convicts . . . . . . . . 55,295 wars, every pro- Prosecution of Coiners . . 9,000 fessed object of Printing and Stationary to the which we have Two Houses . . . . .
31,700 been at length Law Charges . . . . . . 20,000 compelled to re Bow-street Office ...: 12,000 linquish.
Fees for passing Public Acts. 5,000
Interest on Exchequer Bills 1,500,000
1,634,492 Granted in the last Session of Parliament. Portsmouth Docks . ;.. 13,471
Scotch Bonds . . . . . 10,000 Naval Services :: L.19,578,467 Navigation fronx the East to Emperor of Austria . .'. 9,000,000 the West Sea . . . . 50,000 Exigencies of Ireland . . 300,000 Officers of the Houses of Lords His Sicilian Majesty .. 400,000 and Commons . ; . . 5,523 King of Sweden .... 300,000 Deficiency of Grant for PrintPrince Regent of Portugal 600,000 ing Votes, ..
1,641 Land Service . . . . . 21,144,770 Deficiency for Printing and Ordnance do. ....... 4,073,662
8,423 Printing Votes of the House of . L.49,396,899 Commons ..... .. 22,400 To pay off Exchequer Bills,
111,458 1808 . . . . . . . 20,500,000 Diuto , , , , , , , 1,500,000 Printing Vol. 1xiot Journals 4,000
Reprinting of Journals . 10,000
site House of
Stationary for the Court and
Corsican and Toulon Emigrants 6,000 Offices of Exchequer . . 2,154 Dutch Officers retired . . . 16,000 The Home Patrole : ...
.. 6,345 French Emigrants at Jersey 4,400 Relief of the Dutch in Davis's
Dr. Cartwright, for Mechanical Straits . . . . . . .
5,168 Inventions . . . . . . 10,000 Thames Police . . . .
1,299 Building a Naval Asylum, . 35,000 Examining East India Accounts 1,333 Printing Vols. 36th and 37th Making an Index to the Rolls
Lords Journals. . . . . 3,057 of Parliament . . . . . 439 Q. Anne's bounty for the Clergy 100,000 Bounty on Salt imported into
New Forest Commissioners. 4,000 Nevis . . . . . . .
Scotch Military Roads : 5,569 Serjeants at Arms . . . . Arrears of Salary for forrning
251,068 Indexes to the Journals of the Lords .,. . . . .
Total L.85,149,214 Do. since July 5, 1808 .. 1,192 To this sum of eighty-five millions &c. J. H. Ley . . . . . . .
76 voted, the seven millions for Ireland,
and the amount of the Civil List, are to 33,936 be added; so that the sum obviously to
be provided for, at the commencement Officers of the Commons .. 3,409 of the year, exceeded 93,000,cool. The Secretary of Military Inquiry 745 expeditions the transport expence Articles sent to New S. Wales 1,848 the ordnance—the commissariat departe Bills on account of Convicts 2,315 ment, &c.—and the expencé necessary Vaccine Establishment . .. 3,163 to replace more than 50,000 soldiers Bills drawn from New S. Wales 6,172 lost in the several expeditions to Spain Stores supplied at Sidney .. 114 and the coast of Holland-these, taken Board of Agriculture . .' 3,000 together, the expenditure of the present
year will be found to amount to a sum 20,766 equal, at least to ONE HUNDRED
MILLIONS! Secret Services ervices ::.. .
. 175,000 The Poor of St. Martins.. 1,328 Rev. T. B. Clarke . . . . 278
ABSTRACT OF THE
NEW SWEDISH CONSTITUTION.
shall be inonarchical and hereditary, nisters, and French Refugees 9,709 with limitation to the issue male. The Deficiency of do. 1808
743 King must be of the true evangelical re
ligion, and must govern conformably to 226,247 this constitution, and with and by the
advice of a privy council of state (Stats Contingencies of Secretary of
Rad) the members of which are to be States Office . . . i. 14,000 appointed by the King, who is wholly Extra Charges for Messengers 12,000 exempt from responsibility, but the memSheriffs for Felons' Conviction 6,000 bers are responsible for their advice. Military Canal ... 20,000 The members must be natives of Sweden, Bounties for Fish brought to
and of the true evangelical faith. The London . . . . . . . 4,000 council shall consist of nine members, Chairman of the House of Lords 2,693 viz. the minister of state for judicial Serjeant at Arms . .. 1,623 affairs, the minister of state for foreign Surveyor of Scotch Roads . . 506 affairs, six counsellors, of whom three D. T. Blake . . .
278 at least must be civil officers, and the Exchequer Tellers . . . . 7,412 chancellor of the 'court. The secretaries
of state shall have a seat in the council, 63,512 whenever any case belonging to their
respective departments shall be under Westminster Improvements. 36,042 deliberation. A father and a son, or Building the Mint '. . 30,500 two brothers, cannot be members of the
council at the same time. There are rass or persecute any person for his refvur secretaries of state, namely, one ligious opinions, provided the promulfor the foreign department, one for the gation of them, or the exercise of his home department, one for the exchequer religion, be not injurious to the comor financial department, and one for the munity. ecclesiastical department. All the af- $ 16 to 27.-Relate to the constitution fairs of government (except the diplo- of a council of justice, which is to conmatic or foreign relations, and the im- sist of six noblemen and six commoners, mediate command of the army and navy) who are to decide in judicial affairs. shall be submitto] to the consideration The King has also two votes, and may and decision of the King, assisted by at pardon criminals, and mitigate or comleast three members, exclusive of the mute punishments. acting secretary, which number is re- $72 to 31.-The King in the council quired to constitute a council of state of state, is to appoint persons to civil for the transaction of business. A mi- and military offices; as also the archdute shall be made of all the proceedings bishop and bishops in the manner forof the council: every member present merly done. shall be unconditionally bound to give 32.-Ambassadors, envoys, &c. to his advice, but the privilege of deciding foreign courts, are to be nominated by is vested in the King, who, by virtue of the King, in the presence of the mivister his prerogative, may assent or dissent of state for foreign affairs, and the chanfrom any measure, in opposition to the cellor of the court. votes or opinions of all the members. $32 to 35.-Describe the manner of But in the possible event of the decision appointing civil and military officers, of his Majesty being repugnant to the and what officers holding situations of constitution and laws, the members are ostensible trust and confidence, may be required by the most solemn obligation removed at the pleasure of the King, to remonstrate,and in case any member's having previously signified his pleasure opinion shall not be duly recorded, such to the council. member shall be deemed guilty of coun- $35 to 38.-The King cannot remove selling and abetting the King in his un- a judge from his office, except for just constitutional decision.
cause, and on proof of criminality. The $ 9 to 13.-Before any appeal can be King is to have the privilege of creatine made to the King in council, it must be noblemen, whose eldest sons and heirs submitted to the secretary of state, and only are to inherit the family title. All a council specially appointed for hearing decrees must be countersigned by a seit. Ministerial or political affairs are to cretary of state. , be considered and decided by the King, $38 to 40.-- The King shall not quit who, in the exercise of his prerogative, the kingdom without consulting the must take the advice of his minister of council, who, in the event of his deparstate for foreign affairs, and the chan ture, is to govern in his absence. cellor of the council, who are responsible $40 to 48.-Declare, that the Prince for their advice. The King may con- or King shall be of age at 21, and on clude treaties with foreign powers, after his not having heirs male, the diet shall consulting the said minister of state and be assembled and choose a successor, chancellor. The King, previous to his No prince of the blood can marry withdeclaring war or concluding peace, must out the King's consent: neither the state to the council his motive for so crown prince, nor the other princes, can doing, and the members shall give their hold any hereditary office.' The King opinion on the subject under their own appoints all his officers of the court and responsibility.
household. $ 13 to 15.-The supreme command $49.--The states of the kingdoin are of the navy and army is vested in the to be assembled every 5th year at StockKing; as also the ultimate decision in holm. all matters relative thereto, assisted by $ 49 to 90.--Regulate the mode of the minister of state for either seryice, eļecting members of the diet.—The King who shall be responsible for their advice. cannot impose any taxes without the
$16.-The King cannot deprive, or consent of the diet, and the bank is uncause any subject to be deprived, of his der the immediate controul of the states life, liberty, honour, or property, with of the kingdom.-The King cannot neout trial and judgment, nor can be har goçiate loans within the kingdom, nor in foreign countries; nor can be sell, nation at war has a right to attack dispose of, or alienate, any province be- and destroy its enemy's trade and
'navigation; and that if any power, value of the current coin. $90 to 94.-Provide, That if the King
with a view of eluding the maritime continue absent more than a twelve
hostility of its adversary, consigns month, the diet must be asseinbled, and its commerce to neutral traders, it the King be informed thereof. That may be there pursued and attacked when the successor is not of age, the that a belligerent, in short, has diet must be assembled, and appoint a a right to seize enemy's property regency to govern during his minority. whorever found and even to exclude Wheu the King is eighteen years of age,
s minenty wherever found, and even to exclude he is to attend the several courts of jus
the neutral trader, during war, from tice, without, however, taking any part those branches of trade from which in the decisions.
he was excluded during peace. On $ 94 to 107.-Explain what is to be the other hand, it is insisted, that done, should the members of the coun the neutral trader, so long as he cil neglect assembling the diet, or act
takes no direct share in the hostilicontrary to their duty; and enjoins, that
ties of the contending powers, is inat each diet, a committee shall be appointed for inquiring into the conduct of
titled to all the privileges of neutra. the ministers, council, and secretaries lity; and upon this principle, a free of state.
trade with either of the belligerents 108.-Regards a committee for su- is claimed, not as an indulgence, perintending the liberty of the press. but as a right. $ 108 to 114.--State, that no diet
After the commencement of the can be of longer duration than three months, except business shall require it.
war in 1793, it was agreed to comNo man, while a member of the diet promise these claims, and America, can be accused, or deprived of his liber the great neutral trader of the prety, for his actions or expressions in his sent day, consented to wave her right respective state, unless the particular to an entire freedom of trade with state to which he belong shall demand the enemy. provided Great Britain it. No officer of the crown must in- would müdifu
Do would modify her claim of exclufuence, by his authority, the election of
ding the neutral trader during war, a member of the diet, &c.
from those branches of trade from
which he was excluded during peace. ON THE RIGHTS OF NEUTRALS. America was accordingly permitted
to import in her own ships, the proAs some intelligence which has duce of the enemies colonies, albeen lately received from Paris, has though prohibited from such a trade given rise to an apprehension that during peace; which produce being America has at last determined to landed and sold, was allowed to be join in the continental confederacy transported to any part of Europe. against Britain, for the purpose of The only effect of this regulation establishing what is called the frece was to prevent America from trading dom of the seas--and as the ques- directly between the enemy's colotions at present agitated between nies and the mother country. The the neutral and belligerent states, same trade was carried on, however, are so intimately connected with the by a round about voyage; the pro: peace and prosperity of mankind, duce of the French colonies being we have thought it necessary to sub- first trasported to America, and from mit to our readers the following ob; thence reaching the mother country servations on the merits of this im- as regularly and plentifully as bem portant controversy.
fore. Against this trade a violent In defence of the privileges of the clamour has been raised in this belligerent, it is maintained, that a country. The voyage from the ene