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“ The prerogatives of king and people terms“ a nobler theme : the reign of were, at the revolution happily adjusted: the Messiah, distinguished for its the three branches of our excelleut con- dignity, its purity, its duration and stitution were balanced, and laws insti
its final triumphs." Each of these tuted to prevent their encroachment on each other. Imperfection, however, particulars forms a distinct head; attaches itself to every thing huinan--- . under which we have a variety of it has degenerated, but we are not with excellent practical observations, and out reinedy: judicious and tenperate a display of those liberal and enreform would soon set every thing right. lightened sentiments which adorn Abuses would gradually disappear, and the theological and moral writings privileges be enjoyed to their utinost ex. tent. Then will our highly favoured of the worthy author ; and to which
subjects we cannot, as his sincere country continue for ages to come, the envy and the admiration of the world." friend, help wishing, that he would
Referring to the repeal of certain for the future contine himself. We penal laws during the present reign,
wish it the more carnestly, this the preacher adds,
907 being the second political sermon in
which the preacher has unhappily « Religious opinion ought in no case to prove the diminution of civil rights.' committed himself. We are sorry We may, and do venerate the conscien to find that the friendly warning we tious scruples which the monarch has ex- suggested to him in the year 1804, pressed, but we regret, at the same time, has had so little effect. * At that that these should have existed. The pro- time he, by an injudicious sermon, gress of science and of legislation, is added fuel to the popular flame, and such, that just ideas respecting the na
No hurricd on his countrymen to war, ture and extent of civil and religious liberty must ultimately prevail. Could without stopping to inquire whether ont venerable monarch be induced to it were either just or necessary, or entertain these more extended views, reflecting that the unjust violation following them up with their practical of the treaty of Amiens, by the Brieffects, and adding to them (were it tish minister was the sole cause of in his power) the inestimable blessing that war; and although we entirely of Peace ; then, would he, like the
acquit the writer of any impure mogreat orb of day, take leave of this lower hemisphere with a superior dignity,
tives, we are firmly persuaded that imparting to his setting rays a milder his recent discourse has the tendency effulgence and glory.". 03
to increase that general delusion As Mr. Evans 'has given us no which alarms not only himself, but information respecting the nature of every other thoughtful man in the the “ conscientious scruples alluded British empire. to," it is impossible for his readers to determine how far such" scru- Motives to Gratitude. An Address ples" deserve to be venerated, We delivered at the Baptist Meeting. have however but little hope of re- house,Eagle Street, London, Oct. 5. form either in church or state, while 1809, the 50th. Anniversay of kis even the mistaken views of the sove
Majesty's Accession : containing a reign are made the medium of adu. brief History of Dişsenters ; and la tion; but without REFORM, RA the reasons why they should be DICAL, EFFECTUAL, and SPEEDY RE thankful for the reign of George FORM our ruin is inevitable, and a the Third. By Joseph Ivimey. 2s. national jubilee, is a national insult. .Motto in the Title
The preacher proceeds to the dis "Above all-LIBERTY!"-SELDEN, cussions of his text, and his hearers. The preacher notimproperly, terms must have been thankful when he Notes on Divine Judgments on s turned their attention and raised Guilty Nations, a Sermon by R Asptheir minds” to what he so justly land. P. 40. VOY. VI.
the text he has chosen 1. SAMUEL; not accomplish it! In his diary he la*. 24th.--- And all the people shouted, ments, that he could not restore the priand said, God save the King, -_" a mitive discipline according to his heart's motto to the remarks, he was about
desire, because several of the bishops, some
from uge, some from ignorance, some out to deliver;" fur. after a couple of of their ill name, and some out of love to pages in which the occasion of the popery were unwilling to it.' Yea, eren words as originally uttered, is brief- the church herself in one of her public ly explained, the text is no longer offices, to this day, laments. the want of the subject of consideration. I a godly discipline"."
The discourse comprises the fol- . After the perusal of this quotation, lowing particulars. ;
. we leave it to those who are conLe « I. The history of protestant dissen- stantly exclaiming, respecting the ters in this kingdom, shewing their ori- church of England in its present gin, and the causes of their increase, state, Esto perpetua! to determine II. The sufferings they have experienced
the sincerity of their professions of and patiently endured. III. The steps which have led to their enjoyment of the veneration and admiration, of the blessings of religious liberty. IV. The principles of our “ good old reformspecial reasons why, as Protestant Dis- ers"! , . senters, we should be grateful to God for After tracing the history of the the reign of George III."
dissenters from the Reformation, to The three first of these particulars the Revolution in 1688, the author are discussed in a manner equally proceeds to his second bead. The entertaining and instructive, and are. perusal of the history of penal laws, well calculated for the use of young and persecution for conscience sake, persons, who are presented with must make every friend to the rights much valuable information compri- of conscience, and indeed every friend sed within a small compass, and cn- to humanity, grateful to Providence, riched by quotations from some of that, owing to a more enlightened our best historians, civil and eccle- policy, the priesthood are no longer siastical. Our limits will only allow suffered to murder mankind, and that us to make two or three short ex
they can neither fine, imprison, of tracts.
pillage as they formerly, were wont Under the First head,-alluding to do. What gratitude there may to the Reformation from Popery, we be due to men, on this account, is have the following obseryations, due to the civil power, and to the which we recommend to the atten- civil power only, for every attempt tion of those persons who so warmly to extend Toleration, has been unipanegyrise our church establishment formly on
formly opposed, in a greater or less in its present state, two hundred
degree by the priests of all establish
degree years after its first formation, as the ed churches work of our excellent reformers.
• Under the third head, we have & “ The reformation from popery, which
melancholy although an impartial was begun in the reign of Henry VIII.
account of the miserable ideas on though glorious, was not perfect. Much was accomplished but not all; anti even the subject of Toleration, held and when in the reign of Edward VI. it was practised by the different ruling carried much farther, the reforiners com- powers, and sects, in the reign of plain in the preface to one of their ser Charles I. The presbyterians justly vice books, that they had gone as far merited the reproach cast on them As they could in reforming the church,
by Milton-" New Presbyter is but considering the times they lived in; and
Old Priest-writ large!" The indehoped that those that came after them
pendents, although their opinions on would, as they might, do more.' The excellent Edward (the English Josiah) the subject were more enlarged, and, wished to make it more perfect but could as is remarked by our author,
" though they pleaded for a tolera- that the protector and his friends gave tion, yet appear to have'' but very out that they could not understand what imperfectly understood the subject.
the magistrate had to do in matters of They were for tolerating' says Neal,
religion; they thought that all men ought ' all that agreed in the fundamentals
to be left to their own consciences, and
that the magistrate could not interfere of christianity; but when they came without ensnaring himself in the guilt of to enumerate fundamentals,they were persecution', '1 's. sadly entangled, as all those must “When the protector found that the be, who do not keep the religious parliament would not come into his and civil richts of mankind on à se- measures, he thus reproached them at parate basis. Mr. Ivimey here shews
the dissolution of parliament in 1654,
How proper is it to labour for liberty, some little partiality for his own de that men should not he trampled on for nomination, which appears to him, their consciences? Have we not lately to have always been enemies to laboured under the weight of persecution, persecution for conscience sake' and is it fit then to make it sit heavy Various quotations are given froin upon others? Is it ingenuons to ask 11 their writings to prove their liberat
berty and not to give it? What greater opinions on this subject; but 'we
hypocrisy than for those who were op
pressed by the bishops, to become the beg leave to remark, that opinions
greatest oppressors themselves as soon. equally liberal are to be found in
as that yoke is removed ? I could wish, writers of the respective denomina that they who call for liberty now als: tions above inentioned, as well as in had not too inuch of that spirit, if the those of differentestablished churches, power were in their hands.' when they were no longer in power,
“ What noble sentiments" (adds our and were persecuted in their turn.
author)“ are these! they would have done
credit to any head; they are worthy of As the Antipædobaptists have never
every heart, and raise Cromwell higher been in power, it is impossible to as to his views of religious liberty, ihan determine the question; but judging any of the ministers who were einployed from certain opinions scattered thro to settle the affairs of the church; for the writings of some of those who
in the committee appointed to draw up advocate what is termed “ strict
the fundamentals, they differed as to communion," that is, excluding from
what sentiments should be considered
as such ; Mr. Richard Baster proposed, the common bond of union amongst that nothing more should be inade nechristians, all those who differ from cessary than subscription to the apostle's themselves on the subject of baptism, creed, the Lord's prayer, and the ten although they most cordially unite cominandments. But why the apostles' on all other points, we never wish
creed? Is it not the composition of to see this denomination, nor in
men, who were fallible and liable to
err? Dr. Owen and the rest could not deed any other, formed into an es
go so far; they had so framed their artablishment, paid and supported by ticles as that not only Deists, Socinians, the state. No sect can safely be and Papists were excluded; but also trusted with church power enforced all Arians, Antinomians and Quakers. by the civil power.
Into what difficulties do good men plunge The following account of the opi- themselves, who usurp the kingly office nions of Oliver Cromwell on the
of Christ, and attempt to restrain that
liberty, which is the birthright of every subject of Toleration, proves how
rational creature! It is an unwarrantamuch better he understood the na- ble presumption for aty number of men ture of religious, than of political and to declare what is fundamental in the civil liberty.
christian religion; any further than the * Though Cromwell has been generally scriptures have expressly declared it. It represented as wearing the mask, it is one thing to inaintain a doctrine to seems highly probable that he was sincere be true, and another to declare that on this point; for when he possessed the without the belief of it, none can be supreme authority, Mr. Baxter says, sayed; none may say this, but God him
- The compliment paid to his Mas laws by which they are deprived of jesty in the above paragraph is in the RIGHTS of citizens, and until deed curious. The most weak and these laws are repealed, it is impossiwicked princes which have disgraced ble, they should feel that gratitude the British throne are held up to which soine persons are so fond of our view, and then we are told that professing themselves, and demanding
comparing our sovereign with these; from others. . . . he appears to great advantage: heWe close the subject by observing, has none of their hateful qualities !" and pressing it on the consideration The author, it is evident has not yet of our countrymen, that the best learned the art of fattery, and we mode of proving our gratitude to would recommend him not to at- the sovereign is by endeavouring to tempt what he seems at present to preserve that constitution of which have so little talent for ; a talent he is the guardian and defender. which we hope will never be improved! That we are in danger of losing it by *'“ His Majesty," it is added, “ has the various innovations which have never suffered any infringement on deprived us of some of our most vaour religious liberties--they have luable rights (amongst many others been enlarged during the present the RIGHT- of frequently choosing reign.”—These are the remaining rea- our representatives), and the corrupe sons assigned to excite our gratitude. tion and venality of the times, that The discourse concludes with some have produced, and are constantly animated reflections on the incalcu- producing evils of the greatest maglable value of liberty in general- nitude, and which, if not remedied, The blessedness of those who are in must terminate in the loss of every the enjoyment of christian liberty thing dear to us as Britons, no ho and their duty to improve their pri- nest inan in the exercise of common vileges.
sense can deny. Till that remedy We perfectly agree with our au- is effected, jubilees and festivals, and thor respecting the debt of gratitude Hatteries offered to the sovereign, will we owe to the Almighty for all the so far from preventing, have the civil and religious privileges we en- tendency to accelerate the catas. joy; indeed there can be no contro- trophe so much to be deprecated ! versy on this point. The indifference we have shewn to some of the most valuable of those privileges is an An Oration delivered Oct. 16, 1809, awfulaproof of our ingratitude. But on laying the first stone of the New the obligations subsisting between the Gravel-Pit Meeting-house, in Pa. governors and the governed are reci- radise field, Hackney. By Robert procal. The constitution of this coun- Aspland, Minister of the Gravel. tryinstructs both the sovereign and his Pit Congregation. 1s. subjects in their rights and their du- . Although we do not consider it ties. His Majesty's subjects in ge- within our province to notice works neral, and his protestant dissenting of a nature purely theological, or thati subjects in particular, may safely relate to the peculiar opinions of the appeal to their conduct as a proof divers sects and parties into which of their loyalty; and when the the christian world is unhappily die latter are told of the gratitude vided, yet, as there are certain points they owe for the restoration of some which form the foundation of all of their long withheld rights, they valuable truth, and in which all feel that gratitude which is due for sincere inquirers after truth must the payment of part of a just debt, cordially unite, we deem it our duty They are, however, still subject to to solicit the serious attention of our