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'which one individual frequently has mistrust, and in others a profligate, in directing the opinions and conduct indifference to public opinion. The of a whole nation, is sufficiently corruption of parliament no man proved both by history and recent felt less shame about, nor more experience: it is an influence that openly practised, so that he suffered can in no case be legitimate, and in no man' to vote against him, whose few bencficial. The mind of Pitt vote he could command : and yet was incessantly bent on power and this was not the worst feature of his pre-eminence; and having failed to political character; for such was his become the leader of the nation disregard of money, that he neither under a reformed system, he resolved cared for his own nor that of the to usurp and engross all the autho- nation. Indeed it might be said rity of the state under the old one. that he had no private purse, for he The French revolution, which went lived upon other people, and died far beyond his ideas of reform, af- in their debt.--Of the national purse forded him a pretence, and an or he was equally regardless, so as portunity for adopting and exercising never to consider in any measure he those arbitrary principles which were 'undertook, either how much it cost, most congenial to his nature; and or how the money was expended :had the constitution, or the temper hence the enormous load of debt of the people permitted it, he would which he added to the public ophave transformed the government pression, from a limited, to a despotic mo- 'The weight of taxation having narchy. For this design no man left the middle ranks little means of was ever better suited both by incli- saving, they have become more pronation and talents ; he hated that fligate, and regardless of expence any man should differ from him in than any other people in the world : opinion; and whoever dared to do they were once the most sober and so, he was sure to persecute, or to industrious. The spirit of specula. treat with contempt. lle was greatly tion was at no tiine higher than endowed by nature with a power to during the administration of Pitt; command all those whom he had for the facility of getting money by attached to him by fear or interest; loans gave to commercial monian and he disdained to conciliate those cagerness and avidity for gain which who opposed him, either by gentle- thirty years ago was unknown, even ness or artifice:-he possessed a spe- to the commercial world.--All petty cies of eloquence calculated to con- gains are now despised; every thing found even where it failed to con- tends to make men, and to keep vince; and those who fancied they them great at the expence of the understood what he meant, gave poor ; every one aims at being rich him credit for sound wisdom, when on a sudden, and all live as if they he acted only upon short sighted had acquired the riches they are policy.--His whole administration only aiming at; tradesmen an: was a series of deception, tyranny shopkeepers neglect their own houses and oppression: that however is at for places of diversion, and their an end; but he has entailed other wives are all fine, ladies. In the evils on the nation which I doubt town of Newcastle fifty years ago, will not so easily be got rid of: he the law-men of the place did not carried the system of espionage to a know how to sit on a commission of greater height than it was ever know bankruptcy: this is a remarkable before, which has had a fatal effect fact, yet well established, and now on the morals of the middle classes there are two or three bankrupts in by creating in some suspicion and every week's gazette; and this is not merely from the increase of trade, Conscious of my own inability to but from the increase of dissipation: treat this subject with that profound the generality of tradesmen now live spirit of rescarch which its magnifrom hand to mouth : they save no- tude and extent require, I must sathing, and they bring up their chil- tisfy myself with giving brief hints dren in the same dissipated habits; which others may enlarge on, and it is with difficulty they can pay amplify; for it is a matter of no. their taxes and make a figure for a small consequence, that the people few years; it is all they look to, should fully perceive, not merely the and many finish their career in the political, but the moral and pruden. army, or on the gallows. One suc- tial considerations, which ought to ceeds another so rapidly that there interest them in seeking for a reform are few towns in England, where of the national representation. there are any long established trades

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I remain, &c. men. All this is the natural conse

W. BURDON. quence of our wars, which have Hartford, near Morpeth, Oct. 20. grown out of the corrupted state of the representation. .

REVIEW OF BOOKS.

JUBILEE SERMONS.

tisements of sermons preached or

the occasion, not by the established, Loyal Congratulation : a Sermon de. but by the dissenting CLERGY!*

livered at Greenwich chapel on the The text of the sermon now be25th of October, 1809; being the fore us is taken from Nehemiah fiftieth anniversary of his Majesty's

* That dissenting ministers, if they accession to the throne. By Wil,

are regularly ordained, as prescribed liam Chapman. 1s. . by the heads of their different sects,

On former occasions when our (for not any one of those sects, can, rulers called upon the people to join any more than the members of estain-their politico-religious services, blished churches, plead jure divino for the clergy of the established church were forward in proclaiming their

bir ought to be styled clergymen, equally

with the ministers of the establishment, attachment to the powers that be, is stiņiy contended for by a popular and their zealous support of the dissenting minister of the present day. measures of the existing administra- See-A Charge delivered at the ordi. tion. On a recent occasion, when the nation of the Reo. Thomas Raffles. By people were universally called upon the Rev. William Bengo Collyer, D. D. to join in a jubilee, that is in the

As this claim is now publicly enforced highest expression of joy, on his highest expression of joy on his as a point of great importance, let the

reverend gentleinen who are so anxious Majesty's entrance on the 50th year

to borrow the titles of the established of his reign, and thus publicly to clergy, by all means be allowed the free declare their approbation of that use of such titles. We cannot, however, system of policy which has been refrain from dropping a hint on this subpursued for so long a period, it can- ject, to dissenting ministers in general. not but excite surprise to find If they wish to preserve the respectabi

lity of their characters, it must be by protestant dissenting ministers taking the lead in the pulpit services of DISSENT, and not by grasping at the ti

maintaining the GENUINE principles of the day; and the columns of our tles, and apeing the dress of the priests newspapers abounding with adver of the establishment!

ii. 3. Let the King live for ever: nances the most sacred,--those out"a salutation addressed by Nehe- rages on the rights of citizens, the miah to Artaxerxes, surnamed Lon- Test and Corporation Acts, display gimanus, who reigned over Per- an " invariable attachment to the sia about 420 years before Christ.” cause of civil and religious liberty?” After briefly detailing the circum- Did the refusal to repeal other per, stances which occasioned this salu- secuting laws, those more especially tation, the preacher proceeds to the which affect the Unitarians, display work of the day,-complimenting our an“ invariable attachment to the sovereign.

cąuse of religious liberty?" The “ The words may be called the lan- rejection of the claims of the Irish guage of loyal congratulation; the ļan catholics, the justice of which claims guage this day expressed by every Bri- has been acknowledged by our lead. ton, alive to the excellencies which adorn

ing statesmen of different partiesthe character of our beloved Sovereign; and I would fain hope there are but few

the violation of promises the most to be found, who can hesitate to use this solemn, made by his Majesty's sentence, as the language of the heart. privy counsellors to this long op

" It would not be expedient, or wor- pressed and insulted body of men, to thy of the service in wbich we are induce them to assent to the UNION now engaged, to occupy a considerable of the two kingdoms--are these the length of time in pronouncing an eulo

striking proofs of an “ invariable atgium, or relating political advantages; but one thing may, and ought to be

tachment to the cause of religious mentioned on the present joyful occa

liberty?"_Was the declaration of sion, as a reason why we should be thank- Lord Grenville and Lord Grey when ful for the long reign of our worthy Sove- the last bill respecting the catholics reign, and pray for its continuance, and was debated, just previous to its rethat is, his invariable attachment to the jection, that the principal objection cause of civil and religious liberty! This

to the bill in the royal mind, was must be considered as an excellence truly admirable, and is peculiarly grateful to

the restoration of some of the rights the feelings of those, who, on principles of the protestant dissenters of this of conscience, dissent from the religious kingdom”—was this a proof of“ inn establishment of this country.”

variable attachment to the cause of That some of the scandalous per- religious liberty?"-Was the pledge secuting laws, too long the disgrace required of the two noble lords as of our statute books have been re- the condition of their remaining in pealed, although not till after re- office, a peculiar display of “invapeated refuals from the legislature, riable attachment to the cause of rewe readily acknowledge; but the ligious liberty?"*_Questions equally preacher in stating “ as a reason mortifying might be put respecting why we should be thankful for the the “invariable attachment shewn long reign of our worthy Sovereign, to the cause of civil liherty," more and pray for its continuance-his especially during the long adminisinvariable attachment to the cause of tration of a man, at the sound of religious liberty," discovers either whose name every true Briton, every the most lamentable ignorance of the friend to the peace and the liberties principles of a consistent christian, of his country, must feel a peculiar and a protestant dissenter, or of degrec of horror-the detested Pitt! some of the most important events but as the “ reign of terror" in this which have taken place during the country expired with its author, we present reign. On this sad subject earnestly hope never to be restored, we seriously demand — Did the re- we dismiss this part of the subject. peated Iefusals of the legislature * Pol. Rev. Vol. I. p. xlix. and Parto repeal those profanations of ordi- liainentary Debates in the same Volume. The preacher adds—“ The con- preacher bestows such unqualified duct of his Majesty in many in- panegyrick on the general system stances has sufficiently evidenced a adopted during the past fifty years, determination to preserve the Tole- he must have lost sight of the pure ration act inviolable; nor necd we principles of that gospel which lay fear that this Magna Charta of sece- open before him, or have forgotders and dissenters, will ever suffer ten the chief events which have the least infringement, while the marked the system of “ managesame liberality of sentiment and just ment” he was thus panegyrising! views of religious liberty continue to If surrounding states are to judge adorn the throne of our highly fa- of Britain by the language of the voured nation.” That his Majesty preacher, they will naturally supbas not, although frequently insti- pose we have arrived at the ne plus gated by the priesthood, violated his ultra of civil and religious freedom, oath, and his repeated promises “to Towards the close of his discourse preserve the Toleration inviolate," he offers up this aspiration “May We have frequently remarked with the same royal firmness which hus hipleasure : lut when so many per- therto resisted INJURIOUS INNOVAsecuting laws remain on our statute Tion descend to posterity, continubooks; when the boundaries of To- ing to distinguish and dignify our leration are enlarging all over Eu- exalted island to the latest period of rope, and religious liberty is enjoy- time!" Such abominable flattery ed in a superior degree, not only in proceeding from the body of the America, but in those European clergy of the church of England or states which for centuries past were the church of Scotland, would not the habitations of intolerance and have surprised us; but when we cruelty,-surely something more is read such language in the sermon of necessary, than merely preserving a protestant dissenting minister, and Toleration in its present imperfect seriously reflect on the present cirstate in Britain and Ireland, to jus- cumstances of the nation, and on tify the very high encomiums respect the various laws which are the pesing the liberality of sentiment, and culiar disgrace of our statute books, just views of religious liberty," which we, for the sake of the integrity of are represented as “ adorning the the preacher, indulge the hope that he throne of our highly favoured na- did not understand his subject; and tion."

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3 we earnestly wish all preachers of Our author adds

this class to adopt the maxim proYa A good prince or magistrate not on- fessedly laid down by some of them, Jy contributes to the public good, by the --" The Lord's people have nothing propriety of his conduct in managing the to do with politics!” The appellareins of government, but the example of

Ex

tion his character is a public blessing

given by Charles II. to the ample has a powerful influence in every Presbyterians of the church of Scotclass of society, and according to the ex land of his day, may be justly claimtent of influence good example becomesed by many of the members of that beneficial..... I presume it will not be church as well as of other sects of disputed, that the inhabitants of the the present day, who are indeed British dominions have_cause to be The Almighty's silly children!" thankful for such a King."

The preacher concludes with the 99 As to the beneficial effects of exclamation with which he began, “example," on various branches of " Let the King live for ever;" and the royal family, on the court, the our readers may naturally suppose, senate, and the nation at large, we that the wish here expressed related Icare others to judge ; but when the to a long life in the present states

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